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1.
Clin Dermatol ; 39(1): 9-11, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33972058

RESUMO

The epidemiology of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Beijing, China, is summarized. This presentation highlights its main clinical manifestations, including the skin findings in Beijing and sums up the cutaneous damage to the medical staff in their epidemic preventative work. Although there had been few COVID-19 patients who reported skin lesions in Beijing and even in China, dermatologists still needed to pay attention to self-protection in their daily work. Skin damage caused by protective equipment is very common in the majority of the medical staff in Beijing.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Pequim/epidemiologia , /transmissão , Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Humanos , Hiperpigmentação/virologia , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/efeitos adversos , Pele/lesões , Urticária/virologia
2.
Eur J Dermatol ; 31(2): 199-204, 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814358

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, wearing face masks is mandatory not only for health care workers (HCWs) but also for the general population in many countries around the globe. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the onset of adverse facial skin reactions due to compulsory face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic in HCWs and non-HCWs, and draw awareness of this new dermatological condition and its preventive measures. MATERIALS & METHODS: A questionnaire was distributed to 550 patients and HCWs from the Department of Dermatology and Allergy of the University Hospital Munich (LMU), Germany. Participants were surveyed regarding mask type, duration of usage and adverse facial skin reactions. Information on symptoms and the use of skin care products and topical drugs were retrieved. RESULTS: The duration of wearing masks showed a significant impact on the prevalence of symptoms (p < 0.001). Type IV hypersensitivity was significantly more likely in participants with symptoms compared to those without symptoms (p = 0.001), whereas no increase in symptoms was observed in participants with atopic diathesis. HCWs used facial skin care products significantly more often than non-HCWs (p = 0.001). CONCLUSION: Preventive and therapeutic measures should be established in order to avoid "face mask dermatitis", especially for people with underlying risk factors.


Assuntos
/prevenção & controle , Dermatite de Contato/etiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/etiologia , Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Máscaras/efeitos adversos , Dermatite de Contato/epidemiologia , Dermatite Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Dermatoses Faciais/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos
5.
J Drugs Dermatol ; 19(9): 858-864, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026745

RESUMO

As the coronavirus epidemic continues, a host of new cutaneous complications is seen on the faces of frontline healthcare workers wearing personal protective equipment on a daily basis. To minimize the risk of COVID-19 infection, healthcare workers wear tight-fitting masks that lead to an excessive amount of pressure on the facial skin. Mechanical pressure, mask materials, and perspiration can all lead to various types of cutaneous lesions such as indentations of the face, skin tears, post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, ulceration, crusting, erythema, and infection. The objective of this article is to provide effective and straightforward recommendations to those health care providers using facial masks in order to prevent skin-related complications. J Drugs Dermatol. 2020;19(9):858-864. doi:10.36849/JDD.2020.5259.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Traumatismos Faciais/etiologia , Máscaras/efeitos adversos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Eritema/etiologia , Eritema/fisiopatologia , Exantema/etiologia , Exantema/fisiopatologia , Dermatoses Faciais/fisiopatologia , Traumatismos Faciais/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Faciais/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Saúde Global , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Exposição Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medição de Risco
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e21112, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629745

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Lupus miliaris disseminatus faciei (LMDF) is an inflammatory granulomatous skin disease without a clear etiology that frequently involves the middle area of the face and the upper eyelids. Pathological features of the disease include caseation necrosis and epithelioid granuloma. Consensus treatment for LMDF is currently unavailable. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old Chinese female patient who presented with facial pruritic, erythematous papules 8 months before this study. She was diagnosed with skin tuberculosis at another hospital and given antituberculosis medication. However, the treatment was not efficacious. DIAGNOSES: In this study, the diagnosis of Demodex-induced LMDF was made by a dermatologist according to physical examination, skin biopsy pathology, and microscopic examination. INTERVENTIONS: The patient was given ornidazole tablets (500 mg twice a day) and recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel (0.2 g/cm twice a day) for an 8-week period. OUTCOMES: Eight weeks after the treatment, the facial erythematous papules were improved, and no new skin lesions were observed. The patient showed no signs of recurrence during the 6-month follow-up. LESSONS SUBSECTIONS: This case showed that ornidazole combined with recombinant bovine basic fibroblast growth factor gel might be useful in treatment of Demodex-induced LMDF. In addition, the results suggested that pathological caseation necrosis was caused by a series of inflammatory and immune responses to Demodex infection.


Assuntos
Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Rosácea/parasitologia , Pele/parasitologia , Amebicidas/administração & dosagem , Amebicidas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/etnologia , Erros de Diagnóstico , Dermatoses Faciais/patologia , Feminino , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/administração & dosagem , Fatores de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/uso terapêutico , Granuloma/patologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ácaros/parasitologia , Necrose/patologia , Ornidazol/administração & dosagem , Ornidazol/uso terapêutico , Rosácea/tratamento farmacológico , Pele/patologia , Pele/ultraestrutura , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Cutânea/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Cutânea/tratamento farmacológico
9.
J Pregnancy ; 2020: 8036109, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32509349

RESUMO

Objective: To determine the prevalence of skin changes during pregnancy and to relate their occurrence to specific factors in a population of south Brazil. Methods: A cross-sectional analytical study was carried out with 1284 puerperal patients. A questionnaire about skin changes during pregnancy was developed and applied by the authors to all puerperal women admitted in a tertiary hospital in south Brazil. Results: The appearance of striae during pregnancy was reported by 633 women (49.5%) and had a statistically significant association with primiparity, presence of stretch marks before pregnancy, and gestational weight gain above 21 kg. Facial blemishes were reported by 33.9% (n = 434) and were associated with a positive family history, multiparity, and the use of facial sunscreen (p < 0.0001). The onset or worsening of acne was identified in 35.7% (n = 456) and was statistically associated with primiparity and Fitzpatrick phototypes IV and V. Hair alterations were reported by 44.5% (n = 569) and were associated with primiparity (p = 0.029). Conclusion: Although most of the skin changes during pregnancy are considered "physiologic," they can cause significant discomfort. Thus, it is important to know them and to understand which risk factors may be associated with such changes.


Assuntos
Acne Vulgar/etiologia , Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Doenças do Cabelo/etiologia , Período Pós-Parto , Acne Vulgar/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dermatoses Faciais/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cabelo/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
10.
Contact Dermatitis ; 83(2): 115-121, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32406064

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, cases of adverse skin reactions related to the wearing of masks have been observed. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the short-term effects of N95 respirators and medical masks, respectively, on skin physiological properties and to report adverse skin reactions caused by the protective equipment. METHODS: This study used a randomized crossover design with repeated measurements. Twenty healthy Chinese volunteers were recruited. Skin parameters were measured on areas covered by the respective masks and on uncovered skin 2 and 4 hours after donning, and 0.5 and 1 hour after removing the masks, including skin hydration, transepidermal water loss (TEWL), erythema, pH, and sebum secretion. Adverse reactions were clinically assessed, and perceived discomfort and non-compliance measured. RESULTS: Skin hydration, TEWL, and pH increased significantly with wearing the protective equipment. Erythema values increased from baseline. Sebum secretion increased both on the covered and uncovered skin with equipment-wearing. There was no significant difference in physiological values between the two types of equipment. More adverse reactions were reported following a N95 mask use than the use of a medical mask, with a higher score of discomfort and non-compliance. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that skin biophysical characters change as a result of wearing a mask or respirator. N95 respirators were associated with more skin reactions than medical masks.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Eritema/etiologia , Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Máscaras/efeitos adversos , Dor/etiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Prurido/etiologia , Dispositivos de Proteção Respiratória/efeitos adversos , Pele , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sebo , Adulto Jovem
20.
Australas J Dermatol ; 61(1): e97-e99, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512237

RESUMO

Dermatitis artefacta is a self-inflicted cutaneous disease presenting as sharply delineated ulcers, usually in accessible sites such as the head and neck. IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a recently recognised immune-mediated condition causing a fibroinflammatory process, resulting in the formation of tumefactive lesions in various organs, rarely presenting primarily in the skin. We report a case of cutaneous IgG4-RD clinically presenting as dermatitis artefacta.


Assuntos
Dermatoses Faciais/etiologia , Dermatoses Faciais/patologia , Doença Relacionada a Imunoglobulina G4/diagnóstico , Biópsia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comportamento Autodestrutivo/complicações , Pele/patologia
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