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1.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 22(2): 94-99, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32043326

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Internal thoracic impedance (ITI) measurement is a sensitive method for detecting preclinical pulmonary edema and pleural effusion. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the efficacy of this non-invasive method for detecting early pleural effusion among geriatric patients and to monitor increased ITI during its resolution. METHODS: This prospective, controlled study was conducted between July 2012 and August 2015. The study comprised 70 patients aged 65 to 94 years; and 39 of the patients had pleural effusion. ITI was measured continuously with a RS-207 monitor. The predictive value of ITI monitoring was determined based on a total of eight measurements taken at 12-hour intervals over 84 hours. RESULTS: As a result of medical treatment, the median ITI of the study group increased from 31 (interquartile range [IQR] 28-33 ohms) to 41 ohms (IQR 38-41 ohms; P < 0.001) compared to non-significant changes in the control group. Average respiratory rate (per minute) in the study group decreased from 29 (IQR 28-34) to 19 (IQR 18-20). CONCLUSIONS: ITI monitoring is efficient for diagnosis and for ongoing clinical evaluation of the treatment of elderly patients with pleural effusion. Timely treatment may prevent serious complications of effusions avoiding extended hospitalization.


Assuntos
Pletismografia de Impedância/métodos , Derrame Pleural , Idoso , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Israel , Masculino , Monitorização Fisiológica/métodos , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Derrame Pleural/fisiopatologia , Testes Imediatos , Recidiva , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Biochem Med (Zagreb) ; 30(1): 010502, 2020 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31839720

RESUMO

Extravascular body fluids (EBF) analysis can provide useful information in the differential diagnosis of conditions that caused their accumulation. Their unique nature and particular requirements accompanying EBF analysis need to be recognized in order to minimize possible negative implications on patient safety. This recommendation was prepared by the members of the Working group for extravascular body fluid samples (WG EBFS). It is designed to address the total testing process and clinical significance of tests used in EBF analysis. The recommendation begins with a chapter addressing validation of methods used in EBF analysis, and continues with specific recommendations for serous fluids analysis. It is organized in sections referring to the preanalytical, analytical and postanalytical phase with specific recommendations presented in boxes. Its main goal is to assist in the attainment of national harmonization of serous fluid analysis and ultimately improve patient safety and healthcare outcomes. This recommendation is intended to all laboratory professionals performing EBF analysis and healthcare professionals involved in EBF collection and processing. Cytological and microbiological evaluations of EBF are beyond the scope of this document.


Assuntos
Líquidos Corporais/química , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/normas , Líquidos Corporais/metabolismo , Exsudatos e Transudatos/química , Exsudatos e Transudatos/metabolismo , Guias como Assunto , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Sociedades Médicas , Manejo de Espécimes/normas
3.
Mymensingh Med J ; 28(4): 721-726, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599232

RESUMO

Tuberculosis is a common cause of death in developing countries like Bangladesh. About 30% of pulmonary tubercular infected patients developed tubercular pleural effusion. Tubercular pleural effusion was diagnosed by cytological, biochemical and bacteriological methods. But these methods showed low sensitivity. In some cases pleural biopsy showed also negative results. Now a days molecular technique like Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is promising method for diagnosis of pleural TB. PCR was done in 100 pleural fluid collected from suspected tubercular pleural effusion cases admitted in Mymensingh Medical College Hospital, Mymensingh, Bangladesh from January 2011 to January 2013. Among the 100 samples 3% were culture positive and PCR positive was 6%. Sensitivity and Specificity of PCR considering culture as a gold standard method was 100% and 96.71% respectively in this cross sectional study. Among them Adenosine deaminase (ADA) level is >40IU/L in all PCR positive sample. Where PCR is available, measurement of ADA activity as well as PCR can be done simultaneously.


Assuntos
Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Adenosina Desaminase , Bangladesh , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17253, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567996

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) and tuberculosis pleural effusion (TPE) are 2 kinds of common pleural diseases. Finding efficient and accurate biomarkers to distinguish the 2 is of benefit to basic and clinical research. In the present study, we carried out the first high-throughput autoantibody chip to screen the beneficial biomarker with samples of MPE and TPE and the corresponding serum. METHODS: We collected pleural effusion and serum of patients with MPE (n = 10) and TPE (n = 10) who had been in Beijing Chao-Yang hospital from June 2013 to August 2014. Using RayBio Human Protein Array-G2 to measure the concentration of 487 defined autoantibodies. RESULTS: Fold changes of Bcl-2-like protein 11 (BIM) autoantibody in MPE-serum/TPE-serum and MPE/TPE groups were 10 (P = .019) and 6 (P = .001); for decorin autoantibody, MPE-serum/TPE-serum ratio was 0.6 (P = .029), and MPE/TPE ratio was 0.3 (P < .001). CONCLUSION: BIM autoantibody is a promising MPE biomarker by high-throughput autoantibody analysis in MPE and TPE.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Derrame Pleural Maligno/sangue , Derrame Pleural/sangue , Tuberculose Pleural/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Proteína 11 Semelhante a Bcl-2/sangue , Proteína 11 Semelhante a Bcl-2/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/imunologia , Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural Maligno/imunologia , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/imunologia
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5071-5076, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Approximately 20% of pleural effusions are associated with cancer; about 50% require invasive procedures to perform diagnosis. Determination of the concentration of soluble cytokeratin 19-fragments (CYFRA21-1) may help identify patients with malignant effusions. However, pathologies other than cancer can increase its concentration. The identification of these possible false positives with routine tests CRP, ADA, % polymorphonuclear cells (PN) may improve diagnostic accuracy. This study aimed to determine the diagnostic accuracy of CYFRA21-1 in the detection of malignant pleural effusions and the possible false positives. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of CYFRA21-1, adenosine deaminase (ADA), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the percentage of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PN%) in the fluid from 643 consecutive undiagnosed pleural effusions was performed. RESULTS: CYFRA21-1 showed 38.7% sensitivity and 97.3% specificity at 175 ng/ml cut-off. Effusions not suspicious of a false-positive showed 39.0% sensitivity and 98.2% specificity, while effusions suspicious of false positive showed lower sensitivity (36.4%) and specificity (95.0%). CONCLUSION: The diagnostic accuracy of CYFRA21-1 in pleural effusions can be improved by classification according to the possibility of false positives.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Queratina-19/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Biópsia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Clin Lab ; 65(8)2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Detection of carcinoembryonic Antigen (CEA) in pleural effusion has good clinical application value in differentiating benign and malignant pleural effusion, but sometimes CEA provides limited help. We report a case of a patient with left lung neoplasms combined with bilateral pleural effusion with increased CEA in the pleural effusion whose thoracoscopy pleural biopsy pathology was negative, mimicking lung carcinoma and ultimately confirmed as pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma by CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy. METHODS: The chest computed tomography (CT) scan, thoracoscopy pleural biopsy, and CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy were arranged to explore the etiology of pleural effusion. RESULTS: The chest CT scan showed bilateral pleural effusion with left lung neoplasms, pulmonary atelectasis, and left hilar enlargement. Pathology of thoracoscopy biopsy showed pleural inflammation with infiltration of inflammatory cells. Pathology of CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy confirmed pulmonary sarcomatoid carcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated pleural effusion CEA is not a specific index of lung cancer. CT-guided percutaneous lung biopsy is appropriate for patients presenting with pleural diseases with lung neoplasms, especially when thoracoscopy pleural biopsy result was negative.


Assuntos
Antígeno Carcinoembrionário/metabolismo , Carcinoma/diagnóstico , Erros de Diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Pleura/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Idoso , Biópsia , Carcinoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pleura/diagnóstico por imagem , Pleura/patologia , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Toracoscopia/métodos , Tomógrafos Computadorizados
7.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 745, 2019 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31455239

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the similar clinical, lung imaging, and pathological characteristics, talaromycosis is most commonly misdiagnosed as tuberculosis. This study aimed to identify the characteristics of talaromycosis pleural effusion (TMPE) and to distinguish TMPE from tuberculosis pleural effusion (TPE). METHODS: We enrolled 19 cases each of TMPE and TPE from Guangxi, China. Patients' clinical records, pleural effusion tests, biomarker test results, and receiver operating characteristic curves were analyzed. RESULTS: In total, 39.8% (65/163) of patients exhibited serous effusion, of whom 61 were non-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients; 68.85% of the non-HIV-infected patients (42/61) had TMPE. Thoracentesis was performed only in 19 patients, all of whom were misdiagnosed with tuberculosis and received long-term anti-tuberculosis treatment. In four of these patients, interleukin (IL)-23, IL-27, and interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) measurements were not performed since pleural effusion samples could not be collected because the effusion had been drained prior to the study. In the remaining 15 patients, pleural effusion samples were collected. Talaromyces marneffei was isolated from the pleural effusion and pleural nodules. Most TMPEs were characterized by yellowish fluid, with marked elevation of protein content and nucleated cell counts. However, neutrophils were predominantly found in TMPEs, and lymphocytes were predominantly found in TPEs (both p < 0.05). Adenosine deaminase (ADA) and IFN-γ levels in TMPEs were significantly lower than those in TPEs (all p < 0.05) and provided similar accuracies for distinguishing TMPEs from TPEs. IL-23 concentration in TMPEs was significantly higher than that in TPEs (p < 0.05), and it provided similar accuracy for diagnosing TMPEs. IL-27 concentrations in TMPEs were significantly lower than those in TPEs (all p < 0.05) but was not useful for distinguishing TMPE from TPE. CONCLUSIONS: Talaromycosis can infringe on the pleural cavity via the translocation of T. marneffei into the pleural space. Nonetheless, this phenomenon is still commonly neglected by clinicians. TMPE is a yellowish fluid with exudative PEs and predominant neutrophils. Higher neutrophil counts and IL-23 may suggest talaromycosis. Higher lymphocyte counts, ADA activity, and IFN-γ concentration may suggest tuberculosis.


Assuntos
Micoses/etiologia , Derrame Pleural/microbiologia , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Subunidade p19 da Interleucina-23/metabolismo , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Linfócitos/microbiologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micoses/tratamento farmacológico , Micoses/microbiologia , Neutrófilos/microbiologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/tratamento farmacológico , Curva ROC , Talaromyces/patogenicidade , Tuberculose Pleural/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pleural/etiologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e15992, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335667

RESUMO

Patients with tuberculous pleurisy often remain undiagnosed even after blind thoracentesis and closed pleural biopsy (PB). In this study, we assessed the value of computed tomography (CT)-guided core needle biopsy of pleural lesion and evaluated the diagnostic accuracy of polymerase chain reaction (PCR)/staining for acid-fast bacilli (AFB) in suspicious tuberculous pleurisy undiagnosed in blind thoracentesis.Patients with exudative pleural effusion (PE) without specific etiology after blind thoracentesis and closed PB were enrolled in this study. PB specimens were obtained through CT-guided core needle biopsy of pleural lesion, then underwent PCR, AFB, histopathological examination, and some routine tests. Diagnostic values were evaluated through sensitivity, specificity, negative predictive value, positive predictive value, and accuracy.A total of 261 participants (TB group: 241, non-TB group: 20) were recruited. In this cohort, the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy were 56.0%, 95.0%, and 59.0%, respectively for PCR, whereas 57.3%, 95.0%, and 60.2%, respectively for AFB. Their parallel test achieved an improved sensitivity (76.8%) and accuracy (77.8%), with a slight decrease in specificity (90.0%). In histopathological examination, granuloma was the most common finding in TB group (88.4%, 213/241), but also observed in non-TB group (10.0%, 2/20). In addition, pleural lymphocyte percentage in TB group was significantly higher than that of non-TB group (92% vs 61%, respectively; P = .003). However, no significant differences were found for other biomarkers.CT-guided core needle PB is essential for patients with exudative PE but undiagnosed after blind thoracentesis. Combining with PCR and AFB, it strongly improves the diagnosis of tuberculous pleurisy.


Assuntos
Biópsia Guiada por Imagem/métodos , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Pleura , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Biópsia com Agulha de Grande Calibre/métodos , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Pleura/microbiologia , Pleura/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Toracentese/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tuberculose Pleural/microbiologia
9.
Medwave ; 19(5): e7655, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Espanhol, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348771

RESUMO

Tuberculous chylothorax is a rare infectious disease that occurs when the thoracic duct is obstructed. Treatment is directed to the tuberculosis infection. A 55-year-old male, driver, born in Trujillo (Peru) is admitted to the emergency department with increasing dyspnea and a 5-day dry cough. The physical examination revealed vocal fremitus, dullness to percussion, and a vesicular murmur that was decreased on the lower 2/3 of the left hemithorax. The X-ray and the thoracic ultrasound revealed significant left pleural effusion. The thoracocentesis drained fluid identified as chylothorax. Subsequently, a thoracic tube was placed, with a decrease in pleural fluid volume and later normalization of the cytochemical changes. Diagnostic video bronchoscopy was performed with a bronchoalveolar aspirate, revealing acid-fast bacilli. The patient received antituberculosis treatment with a favorable outcome. Tuberculous chylothorax is an important cause of chylothorax to be considered in endemic areas of tuberculosis. Proper treatment of the infection leads to resolution of the disease.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/administração & dosagem , Quilotórax/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Broncoscopia , Quilotórax/tratamento farmacológico , Quilotórax/microbiologia , Tosse/etiologia , Dispneia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peru , Tuberculose Pleural/tratamento farmacológico
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16354, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305427

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Cryptococcosis is a significant life-threatening fungal infection in worldwide, mainly reported in immunocompromised patients. Pleural effusion presentation of cryptococcal infection as the only clinical presentation is rarely seen in pulmonary cryptococcosis, which may lead to be misdiagnosed, and the study on this subject will provide further insights. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 64-year-old man was hospitalized in our department and diagnosed as hepatic B cirrhosis. A computed tomography (CT) of the thorax showed a massive right pleural effusion without pulmonary parenchymal abnormalities. He was started on empirical treatment for pleural tuberculosis (TB). However, during his hospitalization, a right pleural effusion developed and fever was not controlled. DIAGNOSES: On day 14 admission, pleural fluid cultured positive for Cryptococcus neoformans. The C neoformans isolate belonged to ST5 and molecular type VNI (var. grubii). INTERVENTIONS: The patient was diagnosed with cryptococcal pleuritis, then amphotericin B and fluconazole were administrated. OUTCOMES: Finally, the patient was improved and discharged from our hospital. LESSONS: Similar cases in cryptococcal pleuritis patients with pleural effusion as the only clinical presentation in the literature are also reviewed. Through literature review, we recommend that pleural effusion cryptococcal antigen test should be used to diagnose cryptococcal pleuritis to reduce misdiagnosis. The early administration of antifungal drug with activity to Cryptococcus seemed beneficial in preventing dissemination of cryptococcosis.


Assuntos
Criptococose/diagnóstico , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Pleurisia/diagnóstico , Criptococose/complicações , Criptococose/tratamento farmacológico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Hepatite B/complicações , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/complicações , Derrame Pleural/tratamento farmacológico , Pleurisia/complicações , Pleurisia/tratamento farmacológico
11.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 125, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical thoracoscopy is considered an overall safe procedure, whereas numbers of studies focus on complications of diagnostic thoracoscopy and talc poudrage pleurodesis. We conduct this study to evaluate the safety of medical thoracoscopy in the management of pleural diseases and to compare complications in different therapeutic thoracoscopic procedures. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 1926 patients, 662 of whom underwent medical thoracoscopy for diagnosis and 1264 of whom for therapeutic interventions of pleural diseases. Data on complications were obtained from the patients, notes on computer system, laboratory and radiographic findings. Chi-square test was performed to compare categorical variables and Fisher's exact test was used for small samples. RESULTS: The mean age was 51 ± 8.4 (range 21-86) years and 1117 (58%) were males. Diagnostic procedure was taken in 662 (34.4%) patients, whereas therapeutic procedure was taken in 1264 (65.6%) patients. Malignant histology was reported in 860 (44.6%) and 986 (51.2%) revealed benign pleural diseases. Eighty patients (4.2%) were not definitely diagnosed and they were considered as unidentified pleural effusion. One patient died during the creation of artificial pneumothorax, and the causes of death were supposed as air embolism or an inhibition of phrenic motoneurons and circulatory system. Complication of lung laceration was found in six patients (0.3%) and reexpansion pulmonary edema was observed in two patients (0.1%). Higher incidence of prolonged air leak was observed in bulla electrocoagulation group, in comparison with pleurodesis group. Moreover, pain and fever were the most frequently complications in pleurodesis group and cutaneous infection in entry site was the most frequently reported complication in pleural decortication of empyema group. CONCLUSIONS: Medical thoracoscopy is generally a safe and effective method, not only in the diagnosis of undiagnosed pleural effusions, but also in the management of pleural diseases. Mastering medical thoracoscopy well, improving patient management after the procedure and attempts to reduce the occurrence of post-procedural complications are the targets that physicians are supposed to achieve in the future.


Assuntos
Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/terapia , Pleurodese , Toracoscopia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biópsia , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Exsudatos e Transudatos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Segurança do Paciente , Pleura/patologia , Pleurodese/efeitos adversos , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Talco/administração & dosagem , Toracoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tuberculose/complicações , Tuberculose/diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
12.
BMC Pulm Med ; 19(1): 108, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We previously demonstrated that the pleural levels of proteins (neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin/NGAL, calprotectin, bactericidal permeability-increasing/BPI, azurocidin 1/AZU-1) were valuable markers for identifying complicated PPE (CPPE). Herein, this study was performed to evaluate whether these proteins are useful as serological markers for identifying CPPE and empyema. METHODS: A total of 137 participates were enrolled in this study. The levels of NGAL, calprotectin, BPI and AZU-1 were measured in serum and pleural fluid by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. We also characterized the diagnostic values of these markers between different groups. RESULTS: The serum levels of NGAL, calprotectin, and BPI in PPE patients were significantly higher than those in transudates, noninfectious exudates, and healthy controls. The area under the curve (AUC) values of NGAL, calprotectin, and BPI for distinguishing PPE from transudates or noninfectious exudates were around 0.861 to 0.953. In PPE group, serum NGAL and calprotectin levels were significantly elevated in patients with CPPE and empyema than in those with UPPE, whereas the serum BPI levels were similar between these two groups. In CPPE and empyema patients, the serum NGAL showed a positive correlation with the pleural fluid NGAL (r = 0.417, p <  0.01). When combined with serum CRP, the sensitivity and specificity of serum calprotectin for identifying CPPE and empyema were the highest at 73.52% and 80.55%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We concluded that serum calprotectin and NGAL were adjuvant serological markers for CPPE and empyema diagnosis. Patients present with pneumonia and pleural effusion signs in the chest x-ray and the combination of serum calprotectin and CRP constitutes a more highly sensitive and specific assay for identifying CPPE and empyema.


Assuntos
Empiema Pleural/diagnóstico , Complexo Antígeno L1 Leucocitário/sangue , Lipocalina-2/sangue , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Área Sob a Curva , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Empiema Pleural/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/etiologia , Pneumonia/complicações , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Taiwan
13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 548, 2019 Jun 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study evaluated the performance of a lipoarabinomannan (LAM)-based immunological method for diagnosing pleural tuberculosis (TB) from pleural effusion samples. Results were compared to those obtained using conventional culture and molecular testing methods. METHODS: Suspected pleural TB patients who visited Beijing Chest Hospital for medical care between January 2016 and June 2017 were retrospectively analysed in the study. Pleural effusion samples were tested for Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) using the BACTEC MGIT 960 System, GeneXpert, and an anti-LAM antibody assay (LAM assay). RESULTS: Pleural effusion samples were collected from a total of 219 retrospectively recruited participants suspected of having pleural TB. Thirteen of 155 confirmed pleural TB cases tested positive for MTB via MGIT culture, for a sensitivity of 8.4% [95% confidence interval (CI): 4.0-12.8%]. In addition, GeneXpert and LAM testing identified 22 and 55 pleural TB cases, for sensitivities of 14.2% (95% CI: 8.7-19.7%) and 35.5% (95% CI: 28.1-43.6%), respectively. The specificities of these two assays were 100.0% (95% CI: 92.9-100.0%) and 96.9% (95% CI: 88.2-99.5%), respectively. Combined application of culture and LAM testing identified 60 positive cases, for a sensitivity of 38.7% (95% CI: 31.0-46.4%) that was significantly higher than that of MGIT culture alone (P < 0.01). Similarly, use of LAM testing in combination with GeneXpert led to correct diagnosis of 40.0% (95% CI: 32.3-47.7%) of pleural TB cases, a higher rate than obtained using GeneXpert alone (P < 0.01). In addition, the specificity of the combined assay of GeneXpert and LAM testing was 96.9% (95% CI: 88.2-99.5%). Patients aged 25 to 44 years were more likely to have positive LAM assay results than those ≥65 years of age (P = 0.02). Meanwhile, the proportion of diabetic patients with positive LAM assay results was significantly lower than that of the non-diabetes group (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: An anti-LAM antibody detection assay showed potential for diagnosis of pleural TB from pleural effusion samples. Combined use of the LAM assay with MGIT culture or GeneXpert methods could improve sensitivity for improved pleural TB diagnosis compared to results of individual conventional tests alone.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Testes Imunológicos/métodos , Lipopolissacarídeos/imunologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Tuberculose Pleural/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana/métodos , Testes Diagnósticos de Rotina/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/imunologia , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/isolamento & purificação , Derrame Pleural/microbiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Fatores de Tempo , Tuberculose Pleural/microbiologia
14.
MEDICC Rev ; 21(1): 26-29, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31242149

RESUMO

Pleural effusion is a common condition in critically ill patients (both clinical and surgical). Its diagnosis and classification are important for followup of patients with cardiorespiratory difficulty. Lung ultrasound is used for this purpose, but no reports have been published on its use in Cuba with critically ill patients in intensive care units. We performed lung ultrasound on 144 such patients with cardiorespiratory illnesses, average age 54 years, predominantly men (66%; 95/144), with average APACHE II score 13.6, and 22.1% mortality risk. Patients were divided into two groups: clinical (bronchopneumonia and cardiac insufficiency) and surgical (postoperative liver and kidney transplant or vascular and cardiovascular surgery) to diagnose and classify pleural effusion according to locus (right, left and bilateral) and structural pattern (I, II A, II B, III and IV). Pleural effusions were diagnosed in 81.2% (117/144) of patients (clinical 44.4%, 52/117; surgical 55.6%, 65/117). Bilateral location was the most common (68.4%, 80/117), followed by right (23.9%, 28/117) and then left (7.7%, 9/117). Structural pattern I (anechoic appearance) was observed in 61.5% of cases (72/117); 21.4% (25/117) were II A, 12.8% (15/117) II B, 3.4% (4/117) III, and 0.9% (1/117) were IV. We found no association between pleural effusion localization and ultrasound structural pattern in clinical patients (Fisher exact test 4.2 p = 0.9). In surgical patients, however, complex ultrasound patterns (II A, II B and III) were significantly more common in bilateral forms (Fisher exact test 14.1; p = 0.009). Further studies of this type in Cuba will help provide useful data for prompt treatment and followup of these patients.


Assuntos
Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem , APACHE , Estado Terminal , Cuba , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/classificação , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Ultrassonografia
15.
Ann Lab Med ; 39(5): 478-487, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31037867

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasma epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation tests are less invasive than tissue EGFR mutation tests. We determined which of two kits is more efficient: cobas EGFR Mutation test v2 (cobasv2; Roche Molecular Systems, Pleasanton, CA, USA) or PANAMutyper-R-EGFR (Mutyper; Panagene, Daejeon, Korea). We also evaluated whether pleural effusion supernatant (PE-SUP) samples are assayable, similar to plasma samples, using these two kits. METHODS: We analyzed 156 plasma and PE-SUP samples (31 paired samples) from 116 individuals. We compared the kits in terms of accuracy, assessed genotype concordance (weighted κ with 95% confidence intervals), and calculated Spearman's rho between semi-quantitatively measured EGFR-mutant levels (SQIs) measured by each kit. We also compared sensitivity using 47 EGFR-mutant harboring samples divided into more-dilute and less-dilute samples (dilution ratio: ≥ or <1:1,000). RESULTS: cobasv2 tended to have higher accuracy than Mutyper (73% vs 69%, P=0.53), and PE-SUP samples had significantly higher accuracy than plasma samples (97% vs 55-71%) for both kits. Genotype concordance was 98% (κ=0.92, 0.88-0.96). SQIs showed strong positive correlations (P<0.0001). In less-dilute samples, accuracy and sensitivity did not differ significantly between kits. In more-dilute samples, cobasv2 tended to have higher sensitivity than Mutyper (43% vs 20%, P=0.07). CONCLUSIONS: The kits have similar performance in terms of EGFR mutation detection and semi-quantification in plasma and PE-SUP samples. cobasv2 tends to outperform Mutyper in detecting less-abundant EGFR-mutants. PE-SUP samples are assayable using either kit.


Assuntos
Receptores ErbB/genética , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , DNA/isolamento & purificação , DNA/metabolismo , Receptores ErbB/sangue , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Derrame Pleural/sangue , Derrame Pleural/genética , Kit de Reagentes para Diagnóstico , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol ; 47(1): 1924-1931, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096801

RESUMO

AIMS: The study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics of patients with pleural effusion (PE), and explore the effective indicators for definite diagnosis of tuberculous pleural effusion (TBPE). METHODS: The adult patients with the presence of PE were enrolled. All the patients received pleural fluid Mycobacterium tuberculosis DNA detection, ADA activity measure and blood T-SPOT.TB test. The clinical characteristics and examination results were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 77 PE patients, including 30 (38.96%) TBPE, 19 (24.67%) malignant PE, 6 (7.79%) empyema, 10 (12.99%) parapneumonic effusion and 12 (15.58%) miscellaneous causes, were enrolled. The diagnostic sensitivity and specificity of pleural fluid M. tuberculosis DNA detection were 33.3% and 100%, respectively. The diagnostic parameters of pleural fluid ADA for TBPE were as follows: sensitivity 50% and specificity 78.7%. In PE cases with pleural fluid lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) more than 500 U/L, the diagnostic values of DNA detection and ADA activity were enhanced, and DNA detection was superior to ADA activity. In addition, the ratio of blood T-STOP.TB A + B to lymphocyte was a potential diagnostic biomarker for TBPE with the sensitivity of 83.3% and the specificity of 66.0%. CONCLUSION: The clinical significance of pleural fluid M. tuberculosis DNA detection is superior to ADA activity in the diagnosis of TBPE, especially in PE cases with LDH value more than 500 U/L. The ratio of blood T-STOP.TB A + B to lymphocyte is a potential indicator for definite diagnosis of TBPE, with high sensitivity.


Assuntos
Derrame Pleural/complicações , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Tuberculose/complicações , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/genética , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/fisiologia , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Curva ROC
17.
Clin Lab ; 65(5)2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated adenosine deaminase (ADA) and normal tumor markers in pericardial or pleural effusion are usually considered to be a specific manifestation of benign pericardial or pleural effusion. Here we report a case of lung adenocarcinoma with pericardial metastasis with elevated ADA and normal tumor markers in pericardial effusion. METHODS: Pericardiocentesis and lung puncture combined laboratory indexes and pathology were performed for diagnosis. RESULTS: Analysis of pericardial fluid revealed a white blood cell (WBC) count of 2,000 x 106/L (70% for lymphocytes) with an ADA level of 72.8 U/mL. Pathology of pericardial effusion found no malignant cells. Histopathology of percutaneous lung puncture showed adenocarcinoma. CONCLUSIONS: ADA and tumor markers were not a specific index in differential diagnosis between tuberculosis and metastasis in pericardial effusion.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Adenosina Desaminase/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Derrame Pericárdico/diagnóstico , Pericardite Tuberculosa/diagnóstico , Pericárdio/patologia , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pericárdico/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(14): e14979, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30946324

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Soluble mesothelin-related peptide (SMRP) is a widely studied tumor marker for diagnosing malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM). This study discussed the diagnostic value of SMRPs in pleural effusion (PE) for MPM. METHODS: Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and Cochrane library system were systematically searched on the data of SMRPs in PE for MPM diagnosis. Pooled diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and symmetric receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated. RESULTS: Thirteen studies fulfilled the inclusion criteria and a total of 3359 cases including 759 MPM cases, 1061 non-MM (malignant mesothelioma) malignant PE, and 1539 benign PE were brought into this meta-analysis. The pooled results of SMRPs in PE for diagnosing MPM were as follows: sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio were 0.68 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.64-0.72), 0.91 (95% CI: 0.86-0.94), 7.8 (95% CI: 5.0-12.0), 0.35 (95% CI: 0.31-0.40), and 22 (95% CI: 14-35), respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) was 0.75 (95% CI: 0.72-0.80). Subgroup analyzes revealed that the AUC of cohort group using histological diagnosis could be improved to 0.86 (95% CI: 0.83, 0.89). The Deek's funnel plot asymmetry test showed no publication bias. CONCLUSION: Although the sensitivity of SMRPs was low, PE-SMRPs can be a good indicator of the existence of MPM.


Assuntos
Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Mesotelioma/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Exsudatos e Transudatos/metabolismo , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Mesotelioma/diagnóstico , Mesotelioma/patologia , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/patologia , Derrame Pleural Maligno/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural Maligno/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural Maligno/patologia , Neoplasias Pleurais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Pleurais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pleurais/patologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
19.
Biomed Res Int ; 2019: 5028512, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949501

RESUMO

Objective: As cell-free DNA levels in the pleural fluid and serum of parapneumonic pleural effusion (PPE) patients have not been thoroughly explored, we evaluated their diagnostic potential. Methods: Twenty-two PPE and 16 non-PPE patients were evaluated. Serum and pleural fluids were collected, and cell-free DNA was quantified. All biomarkers were assessed for correlation with days after admission. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine diagnostic accuracy and optimal cut-off point. Results: Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA levels in the pleural fluid and nuclear DNA levels in serum of PPE patients were significantly higher than in those of the non-PPE patients. However, only cell-free DNA levels in pleural fluid correlated with days after admission among PPE patients (r= 0.464, 0.538, respectively). ROC curve analysis showed that nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in pleural fluid had AUCs of 0.945 and 0.889, respectively. With cut-off values of 134.9 and 17.8 ng/ml for nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in pleural fluid, respectively, 96% sensitivity and 81% specificity were observed for PPE diagnosis. Conclusion: Nuclear and mitochondrial DNA in pleural fluid possess PPE diagnostic potential and correlated with disease severity. Serum nuclear DNA could also be used to distinguish freshly admitted PPE patients (Day 1) from non-PPE patients, but with less accuracy.


Assuntos
Ácidos Nucleicos Livres/sangue , DNA Mitocondrial/sangue , Pleura/metabolismo , Derrame Pleural , Pneumonia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Derrame Pleural/sangue , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Pneumonia/sangue , Pneumonia/diagnóstico
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(17): e15393, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31027136

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Combination of polyserositis and elevated serum CA 125 is common in tumor or infectious disease, but this clinical combination is also found in other diseases. It could be the initial manifestation of pseudo-pseudo Meigs' syndrome (PPMS), which is characterized by the presence of polyserositis and raised CA-125 level in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). PATIENT'S CONCERNS: A 44-year-old Chinese female was admitted with three months history of painless abdominal distension accompanied by watery diarrhea 5-6 times daily, shortness of breath, fatigue, lower limb swelling, and 10 kg weight loss. The test results showed peripheral cytopenias, hypoproteinemia, renal dysfunction and elevated CA 125, antidouble-stranded DNA antibodies, and anti-Sjogren's syndrome A antigen antibody was positive. There is no evidence for the diagnosis of solid tumor according to the results of imaging modality and pathological examination. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed as pseudo-pseudo Meigs syndrome. INTERVENTION: The patient received hormone, leflunomide, and Plaquenil therapy. OUTCOMES: The patient's symptoms were relieved and the laboratory index was improved after the treatment of hormone and immunosuppressant. LESSONS SUBSECTIONS AS PER STYLE: PPMS is characterized by the combination of serous effusion and elevated serum CA 125 with no evidence of tumor among SLE patients. Clinicians should be aware of the diagnosis of PPMS avoiding unnecessary anxiety or surgical interventions.


Assuntos
Ascite/diagnóstico , Antígeno Ca-125/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/diagnóstico , Derrame Pleural/diagnóstico , Adulto , Ascite/terapia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/terapia , Derrame Pleural/terapia , Síndrome
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