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1.
BMC Psychol ; 10(1): 212, 2022 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Parents' cognition about the type and nature of consequences a disaster may pose on the children's psychosocial health, could be a major protective factor against the long-term overwhelming complications. Given the lack of a reliable instrument to measure parents' cognition about disasters' effects on children's well-being, this study was conducted to develop and validate the parents' cognitive perception inventory of disaster effects on children's well-being (PCP-DCWB). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study 300 parents of the survived primary school aged children from the Iran's northwest earthquake on August 2012 were recruited in the city of Varzegan. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was applied to identify the subcomponents and Cronbach's alpha and Guttmann Split-half coefficients were calculated to assess the internal consistency reliability of the scale. RESULTS: Structural indicators of the Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure (0.69) and Bartlett's test of Sphericity (P < 0.001, df = 153, X2 = 618.35) verified interpretability of the EFA output. Applying principal component analysis and direct oblimin rotation in the EFA four latent factors were identified (i.e., perception about child overall mental health, coping with trauma's long-term effects, children or parents' continuing memory of past disaster and perception about behavioral and educational problems) which explained 49.32% of the total variance. The estimated Cronbach's alpha and split-half reliability coefficients (0.71 and 0.52 respectively) supported good internal consistency of the instrument. CONCLUSION: The study findings revealed sound psychometric attributes of the PCP-DCWB to be applied in assessment of parents' cognition about psychological impacts of a traumatic event on the survived children. The instrument application can shed light on level of pre-disaster preparations in local, national and international scales and help effectiveness assessment of interventions that target maintenance of psycho-social well-being among disaster-affected survivors over time.


Assuntos
Desastres , Pais , Criança , Cognição , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pais/psicologia , Percepção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Sci Rep ; 12(1): 15182, 2022 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36071177

RESUMO

In the study of deformation prediction and disaster warning during karst slope construction, the influencing factors and deformation law should be comprehensively considered. The layout of the deformation monitoring points of karst slope is affected by the thickness of karst overburden soil, dissolution and fragmentation degree, karst development degree, slope cracking degree, fault or weak interlayer and other factors. In this paper, the author aimed at the problem of construction deformation prediction and disaster warning of karst slope, proposed an improved model of cusp mutation by applying and optimizing the cusp mutation model, analysed the deformation trend and sudden change type of the slope, and obtained the critical control early warning value of slope deformation. Therefore, it is feasible to analyse the deformation and mutation characteristics of karstified slope by using a virtual reality-mutation model. In addition, based on the empirical formula of the slope sliding limit deformation rate and grey prediction model, the critical control warning value of slope deformation is obtained, which provides a basis to quantify the deformation index of risk evaluation. This method provides a new idea to predict karst slope construction deformation and catastrophic deformation warning and has a reference value for similar engineering examples.


Assuntos
Desastres , Solo , Mutação
3.
J Environ Manage ; 320: 115886, 2022 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36056493

RESUMO

A Critical Race Theory of Environmental Disaster can aid researchers in better contextualizing racially disproportionate environmental disasters and their intricate social meanings to survivors. Such a theory, as proposed and operationalized here, incorporates interpretations of the causes and consequences of environmental disaster. In so doing, this theory weighs the racial and economic stratification often preceding environmental disaster and that which reflexively becomes more embedded in the aftermath. Focusing on the water crisis in the racially diverse, socioeconomically diminished city of Flint, Michigan, this article examines survey data from research conducted with city residents. The analysis considers residents' attitudes and beliefs around the crisis' scope and its intentionality and residents' health outcomes. Results suggest that various institutional and community-level mechanisms contribute to processes of meaning-making during crisis, or "crisis-making," finding consistent variation in residents' understanding of the nature and scope of the water crisis that is associated with specific cultural and health-related experiences. This construction substantiates that a Critical Race Theory of Environmental Disaster must consider not only race, but class in the context of race, as instrumental in developing social understandings of, and experiences with, environmental disaster.


Assuntos
Desastres , Água , Cidades , Percepção , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Sci Data ; 9(1): 572, 2022 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36114183

RESUMO

Reliable and complete data held in disaster databases are imperative to inform effective disaster preparedness and mitigation policies. Nonetheless, disaster databases are highly prone to missingness. In this article, we conduct a missing data diagnosis of the widely-cited, global disaster database, the Emergency Events Database (EM-DAT) to identify the extent and potential determinants of missing data within EM-DAT. In addition, through a review of prominent empirical literature, we contextualise how missing data within EM-DAT has been handled previously. A large proportion of missing data was identified for disasters attributed to natural hazards occurring between 1990 and 2020, particularly on the economic losses. The year the disaster occurred, income-classification of the affected country and disaster type were all significant predictors of missingness for key human and economic loss variables. Accordingly, data are unlikely to be missing completely at random. Advanced statistical methods to handle missing data are thus warranted when analysing disaster data to minimise the risk of biasing statistical inferences and to ensure global disaster data can be trusted.


Assuntos
Desastres , Desastres Naturais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Confiança
6.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 37(5): 674-686, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36052843

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent disasters emphasize the need for disaster risk mitigation in the health sector. A lack of standardized tools to assess hospital disaster preparedness hinders the improvement of emergency/disaster preparedness in hospitals. There is very limited research on evaluation of hospital disaster preparedness tools. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the presence and availability of hospital preparedness tools across the world, and to identify the important components of those study instruments. METHOD: A systematic review was performed using three databases, namely Ovid Medline, Embase, and CINAHL, as well as available grey literature sourced by Google, relevant websites, and also from the reference lists of selected articles. The studies published on hospital disaster preparedness across the world from 2011-2020, written in English language, were selected by two independent reviewers. The global distribution of studies was analyzed according to the World Health Organization's (WHO) six geographical regions, and also according to the four categories of the United Nations Human Development Index (UNHDI). The preparedness themes were identified and categorized according to the 4S conceptual framework: space, stuff, staff, and systems. RESULT: From a total of 1,568 articles, 53 met inclusion criteria and were selected for data extraction and synthesis. Few published studies had used a study instrument to assess hospital disaster preparedness. The Eastern Mediterranean region recorded the highest number of such publications. The countries with a low UNHDI were found to have a smaller number of publications. Developing countries had more focus on preparedness for natural disasters and less focus on chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) preparedness. Infrastructure, logistics, capacity building, and communication were the priority themes under the space, stuff, staff, and system domains of the 4S framework, respectively. The majority of studies had neglected some crucial aspects of hospital disaster preparedness, such as transport, back-up power, morgue facilities and dead body handling, vaccination, rewards/incentive, and volunteers. CONCLUSION: Important preparedness themes were identified under each domain of the 4S framework. The neglected aspects should be properly addressed in order to ensure adequate preparedness of hospitals. The results of this review can be used for planning a comprehensive disaster preparedness tool.


Assuntos
Defesa Civil , Planejamento em Desastres , Desastres , Comunicação , Hospitais , Humanos
7.
Prehosp Disaster Med ; 37(5): 706-711, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36073167

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Following natural disasters, rural general practitioners (GPs) are expected to undertake several roles, including identifying those experiencing psychological distress and providing evidence-informed mental health care. This paper reports on a collaborative mental health program developed to support a rural GP practice (population <1,500) and a disaster response service. METHODS: The program provided specialized disaster mental health care via the placement of a clinician in the GP facility. In collaboration with the GP practice, the program offered opportunistic screening using the Primary Care Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Scale (PC-PTSD) for probable PTSD as the primary measure and the Kessler 6 (K6) as a secondary measure. Those scoring higher than two on the PC-PTSD scale were referred to the mental health clinician (MHC) for further assessment and treatment. RESULTS: Sixty screening assessments were completed. Fourteen patients (male = 3; female = 11) scored higher than two on the PC-PTSD. The referred group PC-PTSD mean score was 3.14 and K6 mean score of 19. Those not referred had a PC-PTSD mean score = 0.72 and K6 mean score = 7.30. The treatment and non-treatment groups differed significantly (PC-PTSD: P <.00001 and K6: P <.00001). A prior history of trauma exposure was notable in the intervention group. Eight reported a history of domestic violence, seven histories of sexual abuse, five childhood sexual abuse, and eight intimate partner violence (IPV). CONCLUSION: A post-disaster integrated GP and mental health program in a rural community can assist in identifying individuals experiencing post-disaster psychological distress using opportunistic psychological screening. The findings indicate that collaborative mental health programs may effectively support rural communities post-disaster.


Assuntos
Desastres , Violência Doméstica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia
8.
BMC Psychiatry ; 22(1): 603, 2022 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36088363

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify latent classes of the severity of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among the survivors of the earthquake in Bam, south-eastern Iran, 17 years after the disaster. The most influential predictor variables of PTSD classes were also investigated. METHODS: Eight hundred survivors of the Bam earthquake who were at least four years old in that disaster were selected by multistage sampling. The PTSD Checklist-Civilian Version was used. Latent class analysis was performed to identify subgroups of people with different PTSD symptom profiles. Latent class regression analysis was used to explore the influence of demographic and traumatic variables on each class membership. RESULTS: We found three latent classes of PTSD, with the following profiles emerging: Low Symptom (56.6% of the participants), Moderate Symptom (23.5%), and Severe Symptom (19.9%). Old age [OR = 2.20, 95% CI = (1.46, 3.32)], physical injury [OR = 1.95, 95% CI = (1.24, 3.06)], being trapped under the rubble [OR = 1.81, 95% CI = (1.15, 2.86)], and death of a family member [OR = 1.86, 95% CI = (1.12, 3.09)] were positive risk factors for PTSD and increased the chance of being in classes having more severe symptoms. Having a high educational level was a negative risk factor [OR = 0.86, 95% CI = (0.67, 1.11)]. CONCLUSIONS: The severity of PTSD 17 years after the earthquake shows that natural disasters such as earthquakes have long-term consequences, and earthquake survivors must have psychological support and long term health care. After any catastrophic earthquake, governments should establish psychology and psychotherapy centers for earthquake victims, and these centers should support earthquake victims for a sufficiently long time.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Fatores de Risco , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078354

RESUMO

Ellicott City, MD was devasted by flash flooding in 2016 and 2018. A lack of qualitative research has been conducted on topics related to sense of place and flash flooding, especially in the United States. In this study, we reveal reasons why some who experienced flash flooding continued to stay the flood zone and why some leave. We utilized a phenomenological approach to answer these research questions. Data were generated through in-depth interviews with 19 participants from the Historic District and adjacent neighborhoods in Ellicott City. The most common reasons participants stayed were: (1) Community Impact, (2) Historical Land, and (3) Financial Burden. The most common reasons participants left were: (1) Emotional Exhaustion and Frustration, (2) Fear/Anxiety, and (3) Financial Burden. The results of our study indicate that reasons individuals who experience flash flooding stay, or leave may include community/historical, environmental, emotional, and economic factors. This reveals the complexity of relocation and sense of place after natural/environmental disasters and supports previous literature that suggests tailored response efforts based on these unique set of burdens. This paper aims to identify burdens and understand flood victims' decisions to help policy makers improve flood response efforts.


Assuntos
Desastres , Inundações , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078412

RESUMO

Emergency management research is used to deal with the increasing number of extreme weather threats in urban areas. This paper uses causal analysis based on systems theory (CAST) to review the subway water ingress accident and the government's emergency management actions in Zhengzhou, Henan Province, during the heavy rainstorm disaster on 20 July 2021. The aims of this article are to establish safety control structures at both the enterprise level and the government level, and to systematically analyze the problems in emergency management in Zhengzhou City. Our analysis found that the construction of disaster prevention facilities restricted emergency management. Therefore, we suggest that enterprises and governments not only pay attention to emergency management, but also to the construction of disaster prevention facilities. This article also points out that the system of chief executive responsibility that is implemented in China is becoming a double-edged sword in emergency management. Our study makes recommendations for enhancing the capacities of emergency management, points out the shortcomings of the existing emergency management structure, and provides knowledge gained for future emergency management research.


Assuntos
Desastres , Ferrovias , Acidentes , China , Cidades
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078413

RESUMO

Seismic disasters are sudden and unpredictable, often causing massive damage, casualties and socioeconomic losses. Rapid and accurate determination of the scale and degree of destruction of the seismic influence field in an affected area can aid in timely emergency rescue work after an earthquake. In this study, the relationship between the changes in four types of mobile signaling data and the seismic influence field was explored in the 2017 Jiuzhaigou earthquake-hit area, China, by using the methods of comparative analysis, regression analysis and spatial autocorrelation analysis. The results revealed that after the earthquake, the number of mobile signaling significantly decreased. The higher the intensity, the more obvious the reduction of mobile signaling data and the later the recovery time. The Loginmac and WiFi data showed greater sensitivity than Gid and Station. There was a significant correlation between the changes in the mobile signaling numbers and the seismic intensity, which can more accurately reflect the approximate extent of the seismic influence field and the degree of actual damage. The changes in mobile signaling can provide a helpful reference for the rapid determination of seismic influence fields.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , China , Trabalho de Resgate
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078518

RESUMO

The increasing frequency of floods and the lack of protective measures have the potential to cause severe damage. Working from the perspective of network public opinion is an effective way to understand flood disasters. However, the existing research tends to focus on a single perspective, such as the characteristics of the text, algorithm optimization, or spatial location recognition, while scholars have paid much less attention to the impact of social-psychological differences in space on network public opinion. This research is based on the following hypothesis: When public opinions break out, the differences of network public opinions in geography will form spatially different centers of geographical public opinions in flood disasters (CGeoPOFDs). These centers represent the cities that receive the most attention from network public opinion. Based on this hypothesis, this study proposes a new way of identifying and analyzing CGeoPOFDs. First, two optimization strategies were applied to enhance a naïve Bayes network: syntactic parsing, which was used to optimize the selection of feature word vectors, and ensemble learning, which enabled multi-classifier fusion optimization. Social media data were classified through the improved algorithm, and then, various methods (hotspot analysis, geographic mapping, and sentiment analysis) were used to identify CGeoPOFDs. Finally, analysis was performed in terms of spatiotemporal, virtual, and real dimensions. In addition, microblog social data and real disaster data were used to arrive at empirical results. According to the study findings, the identified CGeoPOFDs offered traditional characteristics of network public opinion while also featuring unique spatiotemporal characteristics. Over time, CGeoPOFDs demonstrated spatial aggregation and bias diffusion and an overall positive emotional tendency.


Assuntos
Desastres , Inundações , Teorema de Bayes , Geografia , Humanos , Opinião Pública
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078569

RESUMO

Large-scale natural disasters have a significant effect on residents' mental health. The Miyagi Disaster Mental Health Care Center (DMHCC) was established as a long-term mental health care center in response to the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami (GEJE). Although six DMHCCs have been established in Japan, their exact role and functioning are still unclear. This study aimed to explore which population used the center in each recovery phase. Logistic regression was performed to identify the residents' characteristics according to the consultation pathways using the data collected by the Miyagi DMHCC. These data included personal information of the residents who were supported by the center from 2013 to 2018. The working-age unemployed men sought help by themselves, and the isolated older females were supported by home visits through the health survey. Long-term mental health care centers should observe community recovery and provide appropriate support. The implications of this result and future research directions are discussed.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Tsunamis
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since the Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), numerous studies have been conducted, but no comprehensive review study has been carried out. Thus, this literature review aimed to examine how the GEJE might affect suicide and suicidal behaviors from a long-term perspective. METHODS: For the literature review, a search of electronic databases was carried out to find articles written in English and in Japanese that were related to suicide and its risk factors, as well as suicide prevention activities following the GEJE. Thirty-two articles were then selected for the review. RESULTS: There were several findings, as follows: (1) gender differences in suicide rates in the affected area: nationwide, the suicide rates in men showed a delayed increase, whereas suicide rates in women increased temporarily immediately after the GEJE; (2) the suicide rates increased again in the recovery phase; (3) the background of the suicides was linked to both disaster-related experiences, and indirect reasons pertaining to the GEJE; and (4) intensive intervention combined with a high-risk and community-focused approach could prevent suicides following the disaster. CONCLUSIONS: Although further accumulation of knowledge about suicide and suicide prevention is essential, these findings can contribute to response, recovery, and preparedness in relation to future disasters.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Suicídio , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Suicídio/prevenção & controle
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078787

RESUMO

The complexity and uncertainty of compound disasters highlight the significance of local emergency resilience. This paper puts forward a framework, including the Projection Pursuit Model based on Real-coded Accelerating Genetic Algorithm and the Moran's Index (Moran's I), to measure the local emergency resilience and analyze its spatial distribution. An empirical test is conducted with the case of Hubei Province, China. The results show that: (1) the measurement indices related to infrastructure, material reserves, and resource allocation have a larger weight, while those related to personnel and their practice have a smaller weight. (2) The measurement value of local emergency resilience of sub-provincial regions in Hubei Province is vital in the eastern and weak in the western, and there are apparent east-west segmentation and north-south aggregation characteristics. (3) Although the sub-provincial regions do not show significant spatial correlation, the eastern regions centered on Wuhan are negatively correlated, and the western regions are positively correlated. Furthermore, this study provides theories and methods for local emergency resilience evaluation and spatial correlation exploration, and it has specific guidance recommendations for optimizing local emergency management resource allocation and improving local emergency resilience.


Assuntos
Desastres , China , Cidades , Análise Espacial
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36078809

RESUMO

The increasing frequency of floods is causing an increasing impact on urban communities. To identify the key influencing factors of functional loss in Chinese urban communities under floods, this paper explored the influencing factors and factor combinations through a social network analysis approach using the 265 cases of urban communities in China affected by floods collected from 2017-2021 as research data. The key influencing factors and factor combinations were identified comprehensively using multiple indicator analyses such as core-periphery structure, node centrality, and factor pairing. The analysis results showed that "road disruption", "housing inundation", and "power interruption" are the three most critical factors affecting the functional loss of urban communities in China under floods, followed by "residents trapped", "enterprises flooded", and "silt accumulation". In addition, "road disruption-housing inundation", "housing inundation-residents trapped", and "road disruption-residents trapped" are the most common combinations of influencing factors.


Assuntos
Desastres , Inundações , China/epidemiologia , Habitação , Análise de Rede Social
17.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0274482, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36103563

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Shortages of human resources in radiation emergency medicine (REM) caused by the anxiety and stress of due to working in REM, are a major concern. The present study aimed to quantify stress and identify which tasks involved in REM response are most stressful to help educate (human resource development) and effectively reduce stress in workers. Furthermore, the final goal was to reduce the anxiety and stress of medical personnel in the future, which will lead to sufficient human resources in the field of REM. METHODS: In total, 74 nurses who attended an REM seminar were asked to answer a questionnaire (subjective) survey and wear a shirt-type electrocardiogram (objective survey). Then, informed consent was obtained from 39 patients included in the analysis. In the objective survey, average stress values of participants for each activity during the seminar were calculated based on heart rate variability (HRV). The average stress value was output as stress on a relative scale of 0-100, based on the model which is the percentile of the low-frequency/high-frequency ratio derived from HRV at any point in time obtained over time. RESULTS: A total of 35 (89.7%) participants answered that they had little or no knowledge of nuclear disaster and 33 (84.6%) had more than moderate anxiety. Stress values observed during the decontamination process were significantly higher than those observed when wearing and removing protective gear and during the general medical treatment process (P = 0.001, 0.004, and 0.023, respectively). Stress values did not increase during general medical treatment performed in protective clothing, but increased during the decontamination process, which is the task characteristic of REM. DISCUSSION: Stress felt by medical personnel throughout the entire REM response may be effectively reduced by providing careful education/training to reduce stress during the decontamination process. Reducing stress during REM response effectively could contribute to resolving the shortage of human resources in this field.


Assuntos
Desastres , Medicina de Emergência , Ansiedade , Emoções , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Environ Public Health ; 2022: 1593536, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36105508

RESUMO

In order to realize the evaluation of regional comprehensive disaster reduction capacity in a complex environment, an evaluation model of regional comprehensive disaster reduction capacity in a complex environment based on remote sensing monitoring and data image feature analysis is proposed. According to the geographical location and scale of disaster spots and the parameter analysis of the model of disaster-bearing bodies around the disaster spots, the remote sensing monitoring method is adopted to extract the geographical remote sensing images of regional disaster spots in a complex environment. The collected geographical remote sensing images of regional disaster points under the complex environmental background are filtered and preprocessed, and the texture parameters of the geographical remote sensing images of regional disaster points under the complex environmental background are recognized by combining the method of image texture feature extraction. Based on the method of tone mapping, the rapid filtering and feature analysis of the geographical remote sensing images of regional disaster points under the complex environmental background are carried out, and the time, position, damage, and so on in the geographical remote sensing images of regional disaster points under the complex environmental background are analyzed. By using the method of parameter analysis and gradient operator operation, a comparison model of geographical remote sensing images of regional disaster points under the complex environmental background is established, and the reliability evaluation of regional comprehensive disaster reduction ability under the complex environmental background is realized according to the method of contrast and detail significance enhancement. The test shows that this method has high accuracy in evaluating regional comprehensive disaster reduction capability under a complex environment, high accuracy in marking the geographical location of regional disaster points under a complex environment, and good fusion performance and reliability of regional comprehensive disaster reduction capability evaluation parameters.


Assuntos
Desastres , Tecnologia de Sensoriamento Remoto , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Front Public Health ; 10: 839442, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36033793

RESUMO

This study examined whether disaster resilience affects the recovery of mental health states and mitigates psychosocial anxiety 10 years later the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. The survey was conducted in Fukushima's evacuation-directed and non-evacuation-directed areas in January 2020. The 695 participants responded to a questionnaire including items on radiation-related anxiety regarding the Fukushima Daiichi accident, an action-oriented approach as a resilience factor, psychological distress, and demographic information. The structural equation modeling showed that the action-oriented approach also eased radiation-related anxiety by mediating with improving mental health states. Moreover, a multi-group model analysis was conducted for evacuation-directed and non-directed areas. In the evacuation-directed area, we found stronger associations among resilience, mental health states, and radiation-related anxiety, and a direct effect of resilience factors on radiation risk anxiety. These findings emphasize the importance of resilience in post-disaster contexts, at least for a decade, where mental health deteriorates and various psychosocial issues become more complex.


Assuntos
Desastres , Acidente Nuclear de Fukushima , Ansiedade , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Centrais Nucleares
20.
Front Public Health ; 10: 920233, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35979472

RESUMO

The deterioration of the living environment caused by the earthquake is the main migration motivation of residents in the area of the secondary earthquake disaster, and their migration intention is one of the most important factors affecting residents' happiness. This paper uses 957 effective survey samples from 12 secondary geological disaster areas after the Wenchuan earthquake to research the migration intention of residents and its influencing factors. It can be found that 45.2% of residents are willing to migrate, which means they have an instinctive reaction to profit-seeking and harm-avoiding, but it has not become a realistic choice. Investigation facts and research results show that the instinctive response of profit-seeking and harm-avoiding drives residents to make different choices. The migration of residents in areas where secondary geological disasters occur is affected not only by disasters such as debris flow, landslides, and collapse, but also by many factors such as life convenience, family income, expectations for future life, gender, education level, psychological feeling. The improved life and the optimization of the economic conditions brought about by the success of post-disaster reconstruction have made the vast majority of people more confident in the future of the disaster-stricken areas, which made most people choose to stay in those areas. This paper will provide policy suggestions for residents' migration and the reconstruction of the local social governance system in secondary geological disaster areas, which is helpful to improve ecological livability and residents' happiness in the Wenchuan earthquake-stricken area.


Assuntos
Desastres , Terremotos , Humanos , Renda , Intenção , Inquéritos e Questionários
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