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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33916953

RESUMO

The Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) disrupts the world of work, new technologies change the nature of individuals' work and their tasks, and therefore it is necessary to determine how managers cope with these changes, specifically relating to their salutogenesis. There is a lack of research conducted on the salutogenesis of managers in times of the 4IR. The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of managers' sense of coherence (SOC) in terms of the adjustments and developments of the 4IR, and their in-depth understanding of their SOC. This study employs a hermeneutical research design with a qualitative approach by using a semi-structured interview. The method used to analyze the data was content analysis. From the data analysis, the findings indicate that a majority of the managers tend to have an understanding of the 4IR and what implications of the 4IR will have on the world of work and their job description, the necessary resources to cope with the 4IR, and find the 4IR meaningful, therefore, managers have a strong SOC level during the 4IR. The recommendations for future studies suggest that research could be conducted how managers and lower-level managers' SOC differ, which will provide insight into what different methods are required for the different level of managers.


Assuntos
Senso de Coerência , Adaptação Psicológica , Humanos , Indústrias , Descrição de Cargo
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33804442

RESUMO

With the increasing competition in contemporary enterprise, sustainable human resource management is a powerful resource for workplace mental health. On the basis of job demands-recourses theory and conservation of resources theory, this study examined the relationship between empowering leadership and employees' proactive work behavior. It also explored how job design inspires employees to be embedded in their work and to exhibit proactive work behavior. In addition, the research probed the mediating roles of job characteristics and job embeddedness in a serial mediation model within an integrated model. Data were collected from 461 employees of three- to five-star hotels through stratified random sampling. Results indicated that (1) empowering leadership has positive influences on job characteristics and proactive work behavior; (2) job characteristics have a positive influence on job embeddedness; (3) job embeddedness has a positive influence on proactive work behavior; (4) job characteristics mediate the effect of empowering leadership on proactive work behavior; (5) job embeddedness mediates the effect of empowering leadership on proactive work behavior; and (6) job characteristics and job embeddedness jointly mediate the effect of empowering leadership on proactive work behavior by bootstrapping analyses. Accordingly, this study suggests that promoting sustainable human resource management is needed for human health and organizational value at work, both of which enable empowering leadership to improve proactive work behavior via job characteristics and job embeddedness. The theoretical and managerial implications of empirical findings are also discussed.


Assuntos
Liderança , Local de Trabalho , Humanos , Descrição de Cargo , Poder Psicológico , Recursos Humanos
4.
Bull Cancer ; 108(4): 377-384, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33745736

RESUMO

The reform of medical residency introduced in 2017 established the position of Junior Doctor, for its last phase, called the consolidation phase. Its goal is the increasing and supervised autonomy of the resident, in order to better support the transition toward senior practitioner. It appears necessary to define proper guidelines on the status and the specific role of Junior Doctor in medical oncology, in order to help the implementation of the reform of the 3rd cycle. This document is the result of a collaboration between AERIO and CNEC, that respectively represent medical oncology residents and university teachers. It aims to advise and guide local practices, without being compulsory, before the arrival of the first Junior Doctors in November 2021. It explains the Junior Doctors' principal jobs: consultation, multidisciplinary meeting, day clinic, hospitalization, clinical research, quality policy and teaching.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência , Oncologia/educação , Corpo Clínico Hospitalar/educação , França , Humanos , Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Descrição de Cargo , Papel do Médico , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Pesquisa , Ensino
5.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 21(1): 22, 2021 01 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33413091

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypercholesterolemia (HC) is an important precursor to many cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and peripheral vascular diseases. A report conducted by the American Heart Association showed the prevalence of HC to be 11.9%, with around 28.5 million adults age ≥ 20 years having high cholesterol levels. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of HC and its associated risk factors among the general population of Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross-sectional study was conducted on the general population of Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia in 2016. The representative sample consisted of 1019 individuals, who all participated on a voluntary basis. The statistical analysis was performed using SPSS version 25. RESULTS: The results of this study showed the prevalence of HC in the sample to be 12.5%. There was a significant moderate positive association between increasing age and the prevalence of HC (r = 0.240, P < 0.0001). Males had a significantly higher prevalence of HC (56.7%) compared to their female counterparts (43.3%) (X2 = 23.093, P ≤ 0.0001). BMI was positively and significantly associated with high cholesterol status. Participants in the overweight category had a significantly higher risk of HC (OR = 1.727; 95% CI = 1.58-1.914; P = 0.046). The non-obese (< 25 kg/m2) participants had an inverse significant association with the risk of hypercholesterolemia. (OR = 0.411; 95% CI = 0.216-0.783; P = 0.007). CONCLUSION: In this population-based study, the predominant risk factors of HC in Al-Kharj region were being of a Saudi nationality, male, having obesity, being unemployed, and being a civilian worker. There is a clear need for future screening studies of HC, as most previous studies have reported contradictory prevalence data (because they were conducted in different regions of KSA). Furthermore, well-designed prospective cohort studies are needed in the future to assess how the association between lifestyle behavioural factors such as dietary intake patterns and levels of physical activity may affect the relative risk of HC status.


Assuntos
Colesterol/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/diagnóstico , Descrição de Cargo , Masculino , Obesidade/diagnóstico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Ocupações , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Desemprego , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann Pharm Fr ; 78(6): 464-468, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33038310

RESUMO

On January 4 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) reported the emergence of a cluster of pneumonia cases in Wuhan, China due to a new coronavirus, the SARS-CoV-2. A few weeks later, hospitals had to put in place a series of drastic measures to deal with the massive influx of suspected COVID-19 (COronaroVIrus Disease) patients while securing regular patient care, in particular in the intensive care units (ICU). Since March 12th, 77 of the 685 COVID-19 patients admitted to our hospital required hospitalization in the ICU. What are the roles and the added-value of the critical care pharmacist during this period? His missions have evolved although they have remained focused on providing health services for the patients. Indeed, integrated into a steering committee created to organize the crisis in the intensive care units, the role of the clinical pharmacist was focused on the organization and coordination between ICU and the pharmacy, the implementation of actions to secure practices, to train new professionals and the adaptation of therapeutic strategies. He participated to literature monitoring and increased his involvement in the clinical research team. He provided a link between the ICU and the pharmacy thanks to his knowledges of practices and needs.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos , Pandemias , Farmacêuticos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto/organização & administração , Membro de Comitê , Equipamentos e Provisões Hospitalares/provisão & distribuição , França , Humanos , Serviços de Informação , Armazenamento e Recuperação da Informação , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Descrição de Cargo , Administração de Materiais no Hospital , Segurança do Paciente , Preparações Farmacêuticas/provisão & distribuição , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Papel (figurativo)
8.
Edumecentro ; 12(3): 182-202, jul.-set. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124710

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: los estudiantes constituyen una fuente de información básica para evaluar la calidad de su formación profesional, señalando sus fortalezas y debilidades, las cuales pueden ser utilizadas con vistas al mejoramiento del proceso formativo. Objetivo: describir la percepción estudiantil sobre la calidad de su formación profesional al terminar el 5to año de la carrera de Medicina del Plan de Estudio Perfeccionado de 2013, en la Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo entre septiembre-noviembre de 2019. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inducción-deducción; empíricos: análisis de documentos y encuesta en forma de cuestionario a estudiantes y docentes. Para la propuesta de mejora se aplicó la técnica "tormenta de ideas". Resultados: la percepción estudiantil sobre su preparación recibió evaluación de 4, las mayores insuficiencias estuvieron en la realización del examen físico en Cirugía y Urología, algunas formas de organización de la docencia, indicación del tratamiento médico y la realización de habilidades y técnicas diagnósticas y terapéuticas. Entre las barreras más identificadas estuvieron la masividad en las matrículas, el escaso tiempo e insuficiente entrenamiento para alcanzar habilidades prácticas en algunas estancias y la insuficiente función tutorial de algunos docentes. Conclusiones: la percepción estudiantil respecto a la calidad de su formación se puede calificar de buena, aunque se señalaron algunas carencias. El estudio realizado contribuye a continuar perfeccionando el proceso docente educativo en aras de lograr un egresado de las ciencias médicas cada día más competente.


ABSTRACT Background: students are a basic source of information for evaluating the quality of the professional training they were taught, by pointing out their strengths and weaknesses, which can be used to improve the training process. Objective: to describe the student's perception of the quality of the professional training they were taught at the end of the 5th year of the Medical Career according to the 2013 Advanced Study Plan, in the Medical Faculty at the University of Medical Sciences in Villa Clara. Methods: from September to November, 2019, a descriptive study was conducted . Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and induction-deduction; empirical methods: analysis of documents and questionnaire survey used to collect information from students and teachers. The "brainstorming" technique was used to make it a better proposal. Results: the student's perception of the quality of the professional training they were taught, achieved grade 4. The biggest deficiencies had to do with physical examination performance in Surgery and Urology, some ways through which the teaching learning process is managed, medical prescription and in aspects related with diagnostic and therapeutic skills performance as well as techniques. Among the most important obstacles were: massive number of registrations, the limited time and insufficient training for students to achieve practical skills in some stages and the inadequate tutorial function of some teachers. Conclusions: student's perception of the quality of the professional training they were taught can be considered good, although some shortcomings were noted. Research result is a contribution for a better teaching learning process so as to have an increasingly competent physician.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Educação Profissionalizante , Descrição de Cargo
9.
Edumecentro ; 12(3): 8-24, jul.-set. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124699

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: Cuba ha desplegado una estrategia nacional para la prevención y control contra la COVID-19; entre sus elementos se destaca la capacitación a profesionales y otros trabajadores del sector de la salud. Objetivo: mostrar el diseño y puesta en práctica de un curso de superación para la capacitación de profesionales y otros trabajadores sobre el abordaje hospitalario contra la COVID-19. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo transversal, entre marzo-mayo de 2020 en el Hospital Militar Universitario "Manuel Fajardo Rivero", de Santa Clara, Villa Clara. Se emplearon métodos teóricos: análisis-síntesis e inductivo-deductivo; empíricos: análisis documental, grupo nominal y el criterio de especialistas para la valoración del producto diseñado. Resultados: la capacitación se efectuó mediante el curso diseñado en la modalidad presencial con una semana de duración; consta de seis temas y está concebido según necesidades específicas de aprendizaje dependiendo de la actividad laboral de los trabajadores. Se aplicaron varios principios didácticos y diferentes modalidades evaluativas para comprobar la aprehensión de los contenidos, y se potencializó la simulación como estrategia didáctica. Conclusiones: el curso diseñado cumple los requerimientos didácticos, es pertinente, factible y tiene un adecuado tratamiento científico y metodológico en sus temas según el criterio de los especialistas consultados; su ejecución posibilitó medir el nivel de apropiación de conocimientos y habilidades para la atención a pacientes Su impacto positivo se ha demostrado cuando después de más de 60 días de trabajo ininterrumpido en el hospital no se ha reportado contagio entre sus trabajadores.


ABSTRACT Background: Cuba has developed a national strategy to prevent and control COVID-19; training for professionals and other workers from the healthcare sector are among the key elements included in it. Objective: to present the design and implementation of a training course for professionals and other workers about the hospital management of COVID-19. Methods: from March to May 2020 a cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted at the "Manuel Fajardo Rivero" University Military Hospital, Santa Clara, Villa Clara. Theoretical methods were used: analysis-synthesis and inductive-deductive methods; empirical methods: documentary analysis, nominal group and expert judgement for evaluating the product design. Results: training was carried out according to a face to face learning course, for a week; it was divided into six topics and it was conceived according to specific learning needs depending on the labour peformed by workers. Several didactic principles and different types of evaluation were applied to check the content understanding, and simulation as didactic strategy, was enhanced. Conclusions: the course was designed to meet the didactic requirements, it is pertinent, feasible and it was designed taking into account an adequate scientific and methodological treatment for each topic according to expert judgement. Knowledge understanding and professional skills when working with patients were meaured after being implemented this course. The positive impact of it is evident since no contagion has been reported among workers in the hospital, for a continuous period of more than 60 days.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Infecções por Coronavirus , Relações Comunidade-Instituição , Educação Médica , Descrição de Cargo
11.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 36(2): 169-179, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-194186

RESUMO

Personal resources and labor market are factors that contribute to perceived employability. However, how changing labor market conditions affect the relationship between personal resources like career enhancing strategies, personal initiative, and career passivity with self-perceived employability remains unclear. Recent events in Spain give an opportunity to examine if personal resources predict perceived employability differently during normal and harsh labor conditions. Two representative samples of young people were surveyed during a normal labor condition (in 2008, before the big recession, n = 1,992) and a harsh condition (in 2011, with 46% young unemployment rate, n = 1,208). We carried out a multi-group regression in AMOS, and regression coefficient comparisons. Results showed no difference in how career-enhancing strategies predict employability in both conditions. Personal initiative predicts perceived employability only in a normal condition, whereas career passivity increase its predictive strength on employability during a harsh labor condition. Findings can be useful for career services in offering more targeted support to young people when labor conditions become challenging


Los recursos personales y las condiciones del mercado de trabajo son factores que contribuyen a la empleabilidad percibida. Sin embargo, no está claro cómo afectan las cambiantes condiciones del mercado de trabajo a la relación entre recursos personales como las estrategias de mejora de carrera, la iniciativa personal o la pasividad de carrera y la empleabilidad percibida. Las consecuencias de la crisis económica de la última década en España ofrecen la oportunidad de examinar si los recursos personales predicen la empleabilidad percibida de forma diferente en condiciones normales del mercado y en condiciones muy adversas. A partir de dos muestras representativas de jóvenes encuestados en 2008 (antes de la gran recesión, n = 1,992) y en 2011 (en el momento más duro de la crisis económica, con tasas de desempleo juvenil del 46%, n = 1,208), se realizaron regresiones multi-grupo con AMOS y comparaciones de coeficientes de regresión. Los resultados muestran que no hay diferencia en cómo las estrategias de mejora de carrera predicen la empleabilidad en ambas condiciones, mientras que la iniciativa personal sólo predice la empleabilidad en condiciones más favorables del mercado laboral. La pasividad de carrera, por el contrario, incrementa su capacidad predictiva sobre la empleabilidad durante condiciones más adversas del mercado laboral. Estos resultados resultan de utilidad para los servicios de orientación profesional y de carrera, al ofrecer un apoyo más pormenorizado a los jóvenes en situaciones adversas del mercado laboral


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Aptidão/classificação , Descrição de Cargo , Condições de Trabalho , Emprego/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Psicometria/métodos , Análise de Regressão
12.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(8): 1308-1314, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32674871

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms, defined as aches, pains, discomfort, or numbness, by using a validated assessment tool among interventional radiologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A Web-based survey using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire was disseminated to interventional radiologist members by email in November 2015. Musculoskeletal symptoms were evaluated in 9 body areas. Information regarding participant demographics, practice details, use of radio-protective equipment, and exercise routines was also gathered. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to determine risk factors associated with more severe symptoms. RESULTS: Of 4,096 SIR members at the time of the survey, 640 completed the questionnaire in its entirety (16% response rate). Respondents consisted of 69 females (11%) and 571 males (89%), with a mean age of 47.5 ± 10.2 years old, a mean body mass index of 25.5 ± 3.9 kg/m2, and a mean practice length of 17.1 ± 9.8 years. Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms was 88% in the 12 months preceding the survey. For those reporting musculoskeletal issues, 58% attributed the symptoms to work-related activities. Lower back (61%), neck (56%), and shoulder complaints (46%) were the most common. Symptoms prevented 21.2% of respondents from being able to work over the same time period. Multivariate analysis identified female gender, above-normal body mass index, and a practice length of 10 years or more as factors associated with a higher risk of moderate-to-severe symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: Musculoskeletal symptoms are prevalent among interventional radiologists, the majority of which are attributed to work-related causes.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Radiografia Intervencionista , Radiologistas , Adulto , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Descrição de Cargo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
14.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 57(2): e1253, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126503

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: El seguimiento de los egresados constituye una herramienta para obtener un diagnóstico del contexto donde se desenvuelven e inducir reflexión en las instituciones de educación superior. Objetivo: Identificar la situación laboral de los egresados de la Facultad de Odontologia de la Universidad de Cartagena entre los años 1990 a 1999. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal retrospectivo. La población estuvo constituida por 517 egresados del programa de odontología en el periodo 1990-1999, y la muestra por 213. Se estudiaron variables como la distribución de los egresados según las características sociodemográficas, la situación laboral, la situación económica, y la relación de la situación laboral con las características sociodemográficas. Resultados: El 82,6 por ciento se encontraba ejerciendo la carrera, de los cuales el 68,5 por ciento se hallaba ubicado laboralmente en la región Caribe y el 73,2 por ciento laboraba en el sector privado. El 70,9 por ciento de los participantes contaba con un ingreso promedio mensual mayor de 2 000 000 de pesos. Con respecto a la dedicación laboral, el 49,8 por ciento invertía tiempo completo en la actividad desarrollada y el tipo de contratación al que pertenecía era término indefinido en el 40,4 por ciento. Conclusiones: A pesar de la gran oferta de odontólogos que existe en Colombia actualmente, la mayoría de los egresados evaluados se encuentran laborando en su carrera, lo que les proporciona ingresos económicos suficientes para poder cubrir sus necesidades(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Following up the employment situation of graduates is a tool useful to obtain a diagnosis of the context where they perform their professional activities and induce higher education institutions to reflect upon the subject. Objective: Identify the employment situation of graduates from the University of Cartagena School of Dentistry in the period 1990-1999. Methods: An observational retrospective longitudinal descriptive study was conducted. The study population was 517 dental professionals graduating in the period 1990-1999, from whom a sample of 213 was obtained. Among the variables analyzed were the distribution of graduates according to their sociodemographic characteristics, employment situation, economic situation and the relationship between employment situation and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Of the total sample, 82.6 percent were performing tasks related to their university studies. Of these, 68.5 percent had a job in the Caribe region and 73.2 por ciento in the private sector. The average monthly income of 70.9 percent of the participants was above 2 000 000 pesos. As to contractual conditions, 49.8 percent were hired full time and 40.4 percenthad an indefinite term contract. Conclusions: Despite the great offer of dentists in Colombia nowadays, most of the graduates evaluated have a job related to their studies, which provides them with sufficient economic means to meet their needs(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Administração da Prática Odontológica , Educação Superior , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Descrição de Cargo , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estudos Longitudinais , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto
15.
Edumecentro ; 12(2): 76-91, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090019

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: la elección de una carrera constituye una decisión compleja para los estudiantes preuniversitarios por no tener bien definido su pensamiento profesional para el futuro. Objetivo: caracterizar la motivación profesional hacia la carrera de Medicina en los estudiantes de onceno grado del preuniversitario "Capitán Roberto Rodríguez", de Santa Clara. Métodos: se realizó un estudio descriptivo con un diseño de dos etapas entre septiembre 2018-febrero 2019. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos para la fundamentación de la investigación, empíricos: encuesta, la composición y el completamiento de frases para la obtención de información en correspondencia con el objetivo propuesto, y matemático-estadísticos para los valores en cifras. Resultados: se constató que las razones que más influyen en los estudiantes para optar por la carrera de Medicina son el amor y respeto a la profesión, ayudar a la población y la influencia de familiares y/o amigos, las que responden a lo socialmente esperado; pero no están interiorizadas en la mayoría lo cual se confirmó al analizar los resultados de las técnicas de exploración aplicadas: hubo predominio de un bajo nivel de conocimientos sobre la futura profesión, poco vínculo afectivo hacia ella, e insuficiencias en la autovaloración y en la proyección futura de su personalidad. Conclusiones: se determinaron las razones para optar por la carrera de Medicina en los estudiantes del preuniversitario mencionado, y se corroboró la necesidad de realizar acciones de orientación profesional en este nivel de enseñanza para fortalecer la motivación por el futuro desempeño médico.


ABSTRACT Background: the choice of a degree constitutes a complex decision for pre-university students because their professional thinking is not well defined for the future. Objective: to characterize the professional motivation towards the medical degree in eleventh grade students of "Captain Roberto Rodríguez" pre-university of Santa Clara. Methods: a descriptive study was carried out with a two-stage design from September 2018 to February 2019. Theoretical methods were used for the foundation of the research, empirical ones: survey, essay and completeness of sentences to obtain information in correspondence with the proposed objective, and mathematical-statistic for the values in figures. Results: it was found that the reasons that most influence students to opt for the medical degree are love and respect for the profession, helping the population and the influence of family and/or friends, which respond to the socially expected ; but they are not internalized in the majority which was confirmed when analyzing the results of the applied exploration techniques: there was a predominance of a low level of knowledge about the future profession, little affective link to it, and inadequacies in self-assessment and future projection of its personality. Conclusions: the reasons for opting for the medical degree in the students of the aforementioned pre-university students were determined, and the need for professional guidance actions at this level of education to strengthen the motivation for future medical performance was confirmed.


Assuntos
Educação Profissionalizante , Orientação Vocacional , Descrição de Cargo , Aprendizagem
16.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1417-1425, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350705

RESUMO

Considering the increased use of interventional cardiologic procedures and concern about irradiation to the eyes, it is necessary to measure eye dose in radiation workers. The assessment of eye dose using collar dose is a routine but inaccurate method. Therefore this study was designed to measure eye dose in the radiation workers of various interventional cardiologic procedures. In this study eye dose was measured for left and right eyes in three groups of radiation workers in angiography ward of Afshar hospital in various procedures using TLD. Measurements were done separately for cardiologists, nurses and radio-technologists in 100 procedures. The nurses functioned as surgical assistants and were usually close to the table. The correlation of staff dose to exposure parameters was also investigated. Eye dose in physicians were higher than other staff in all procedures. Also the left eye dose was considerably higher than right one, especially for physicians. The median equivalent dose per procedure of left eye for physicians, nurses and radio-technologists were 7.4, 3.6, 1.4 µSv (PCI) and 3.2, 3.1, 1.3 µSv (Adhoc) and 3.2, 1.7, 1.1 µSv (CA), respectively. The annual left eye equivalent dose with (without) using lead goggles were 2.4 (15.3), 1.4 (2.2), 1.0 (1.1) mSv for physicians, nurses and radio-technologists, respectively. There were also a positive correlation between eye dose and KAP for procedures without lead goggles. The lead goggles showed lower protection effects for radio-technologists than other staff. Only 30% of physicians received a dose higher than 1/3 of the ICRP annual dose limit, therefor only physician eye dose should be monitored in catheterization labs.


Assuntos
Cardiologistas , Dispositivos de Proteção dos Olhos , Olho/efeitos da radiação , Chumbo , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital , Auxiliares de Cirurgia , Doses de Radiação , Exposição à Radiação/prevenção & controle , Lesões por Radiação/prevenção & controle , Radiografia Intervencionista , Radiologistas , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Descrição de Cargo , Saúde do Trabalhador , Fatores de Proteção , Exposição à Radiação/efeitos adversos , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Dosimetria Termoluminescente
17.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(1): 24-32, jan.-mar., 2020. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102290

RESUMO

O objetivo do estudo foi descrever o perfil dos proprietários de academias de gin ást icas da cidade de Pelotas-RS. Estudo descritivo parte do censo de academias de Pelotas-RSrealizado em 2 01 2. Para mapear as academias de ginástica da zona urbana da cidade, dividiu-se o município em 1 9 setores. Foram encontradas 170 academias e 183 proprietários. Os dados foram coletados através de en t revista estruturada, contendo questões econômicas (renda mensal em reais), sociodemográficas (sexo, cor da pele, idade, escolaridade), comportamentais (hábito de fumo, consumo de álcool, atividade física), labo rais (número de estabelecimentos em que é proprietário, carga horária semanal), e de conhecimento sobre legislação trabalhista (CLT) e conselho fiscalizador (CREF). Foi realizada uma análise descritiva com cálculo de médias e desvios-padrão para as variáveis numéricas e proporções para as variáveis categóricas. Ao todo, 161 proprietários participaram do estudo. Em sua maioria, os proprietários eram do sexo masculino (64,4%), de cor de pele branca (42,8%), pertencentes à faixa etária de 30 a 39 an os (4 2,8%), não fumavam (75,8%) e eram ativos fisicamente (82,0%). Quanto à formação, mais da metade (5 4,0%) era graduado em Educação Física e possuía algum curso de pós-graduação (52,2%). Com relação à experiência de trabalho em academias e conhecimento, 71,6% trabalhavam há mais de cinco ano s n as academias e 41,6% tinham pouco/nenhum conhecimento sobre leis trabalhistas. Concluiu-se que, apesar do tempo de atuação como gestores, é evidente a carência de formação adequada e conhecimento sobre legislação, indicando que os gestores ainda atuavam apenas com o conhecimento empírico adquirido ao longo dos anos...(AU)


The aim of thisstudy was to describe the profile of the gym clubs o wn ers in t he city of Pelotas-RS. This descriptive study is part of the Pelotas-RSgym club census held in 2 0 1 2 . To m ap t he gym clubs in the urban area of the city, the municipality was divided into 19 sectors. We found 1 7 0 gy m clubs and 183 owners. Data were collected through a structured interview, containing questions related t o economics (monthly income in reais), socio-demographic (sex, skin color, age, schoo lin g), beh avio ral (smoking, alcohol consumption, physical activity), labor (establishments in which it owns, weekly working hours), knowledge related to labor legislation (CLT) and supervisory board (CREF). A descriptive analysis was performed with calculation of means and standard deviations for numerical variables and proportions for categorical variables. Overall, 161 owners participated in t he st udy . The majority of the owners were male (64.4%), white skin color (42.8%), 30 to 39 years o ld (4 2.8%), n o n - smokers (75, 8%) and were physically active (82.0%). Regarding professional qualification, m ore th an half (54.0%) were graduated in Physical Education and has done some postgraduate course (52.2%). With regard to work experience in gym clubs and knowledge, 71.6% has worked in gym clubs fo r m o re t han five years and 41.6% had little or no knowledge of labor laws. It was concluded that, despite the tim e o f performance as managers, it is evident the lack of adequate training and knowledge abo ut legislat ion, indicating that the managers still only acted with the empirical knowledge acquired over the years...(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Conhecimento , Academias de Ginástica , Capacitação Profissional , Descrição de Cargo , Trabalho , Censos , Escolaridade
19.
J. nurs. health ; 10(4): 20104026, abr.2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1129448

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar perfil dos profissionais de enfermagem que estão atuando durante a pandemia do novo coronavírus. Método: pesquisa quantitativa, com 128 profissionais do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, por meio de questionário online autoaplicado no período de 19 a 21 de maio de 2020. Análise de dados foi por estatística descritiva. Resultados: equipe composta por profissionais enfermeiros, jovens, do sexo feminino e sem treinamento específico para atuar junto aos casos confirmados/suspeitos do novo coronavírus. Conclusão: a identificação do perfil possibilita atentar as especificidades dessa população que está atuando durante a pandemia do novo coronavirus, de mulheres jovens, com provável necessidade de apoio nos cuidados com suas famílias, e que precisa estar mais preparada com treinamento para evitar a própria contaminação e de seus familiares, bem como ter segurança para prestar uma assistência de enfermagem com qualidade.(AU)


Objective: to identify the profile of nursing professionals who are working on the front line in the new coronavirus pandemic. Method: quantitative research, with 128 professionals from the State of Rio de Janeiro, thought a self-administered online questionnaire from May 19 to 21, 2020. Data analysis was performed using descriptive statistics. Results: team made up of professional nurses, young women and without specific training to work with confirmed/suspected cases of the new coronavirus. Conclusion: the identification of the profile makes it possible to pay attention to the specificities of this population that is working during the pandemic of the new coronavirus, of young women, with probable need of support in the care of their families, and who needs to be more prepared with training to avoid their own contamination and her family members, as well as being safe to provide quality nursing care.(AU)


Objetivo: identificar el perfil de los profesionales de enfermería que se encuentran trabajando durante la nueva pandemia de coronavirus. Metodo: investigación cuantitativa, con 128 profesionales del estado de Río de Janeiro, a través de un cuestionario en línea autoadministrado del 19 al 21 de mayo de 2020. El análisis de los datos fue por estadística descriptiva. Resultados: equipo formado por enfermeras profesionales, mujeres jóvenes y sin formación específica para trabajar con casos confirmados/sospechosos del nuevo coronavirus. Conclusión: la identificación del perfil permite prestar atención a las especificidades de esta población que se encuentra trabajando durante la pandemia del nuevo coronavirus, de mujeres jóvenes, con probable necesidad de apoyo en el cuidado de sus familias, y que necesitan estar más preparadas con capacitación para evitar su propia contaminación y de sus familiares, además de ser segura para brindar atención de enfermería de calidad.(AU)


Assuntos
Enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus , Coronavirus , Descrição de Cargo , Profissionais de Enfermagem
20.
Int. j. psychol. psychol. ther. (Ed. impr.) ; 20(1): 5-12, mar. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196851

RESUMO

This study examines the dynamics of expeditioners' psychological states during one year of work at the Antarctic station. It included twelve expeditioners of Akademik Vernadsky Ukrainian Antarctic Station. Thirteen series of monthly studies were carried out using the modified methodology of the scaled psychological state self-assessment. The states were assessed for the psycho-physiological (well-being, activity, mood, performance, health status) and social-psychological (satisfaction with relations with colleagues, satisfaction with the environment and work performed, life satisfaction) components. In general, the self-assessed indicators of expeditioners' psychological states rise significantly during the first four months of the year-long expedition. Further, their average self-assessments begin to decline gradually, reaching the lowest values in the last two months of staying at the Antarctic station. However, some indicators showed dynamics slightly different from the general tendency, and psychological states of some expeditioners remained quite stable during all expedition. The results of this study can be used for better psychological selection of Antarctic expedition participants and psychological support for them


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Expedições/psicologia , Efeitos do Clima , Adaptação Psicológica , Nível de Saúde , Saúde Mental , Regiões Antárticas , Condições de Trabalho , Satisfação no Emprego , Ambiente de Trabalho/análise , Descrição de Cargo
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