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1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1248-1255, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564141

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to conduct the largest low contact stress (LCS) retrieval study to elucidate the failure mechanisms of the Porocoat and Duofix femoral component. The latter design was voluntarily recalled by the manufacturer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Uncemented LCS explants were divided into three groups: Duofix, Porocoat, and mixed. Demographics, polyethylene wear, tissue ingrowth, and metallurgical analyses were performed. RESULTS: In 104 implants, a decrease in the odds of loosening and an increase in metallosis and tissue staining in the Duofix group relative to Porocoat group was detected (p = 0.028). There was an increased presence of embedded metallic debris in the Duofix group (p < 0.001). Decreased tissue ingrowth was associated with the Duofix surface (p < 0.001). The attached beads had reduced microhardness, indicative of adverse thermal processing, which resulted in bead shedding, particulate debris, and metallosis. CONCLUSION: Hydroxyapatite coating of the LCS femoral component produced unexpected results and led to its recall. The root cause was likely a combination of retained alumina grit and a reduction in bead microhardness (mechanical strength) resulting in increased particle debris, metallosis, and early revision. The Duofix LCS femoral component was not equivalent to the Porocoat version despite its approval through the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 510(k) equivalance approval process. Regulation of the introduction of modified existing devices needs to be improved and the Duofix LCS should have been considered to be a new device for which equivalence had not been demonstrated at the point of introduction. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1248-1255.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Remoção de Dispositivo , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese , Estresse Mecânico , Idoso , Austrália , Intervalos de Confiança , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Desenho de Prótese
2.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1192-1198, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564144

RESUMO

AIMS: Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) studies of vitamin E-doped, highly crosslinked polyethylene (VEPE) liners show low head penetration rates in cementless acetabular components. There is, however, currently no data on cemented VEPE acetabular components in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of a new cemented VEPE component, compared with a conventional polyethylene (PE) component regarding migration, head penetration, and clinical results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 42 patients (21 male, 21 female) with osteoarthritis and a mean age of 67 years (sd 5), in a double-blinded, noninferiority, randomized controlled trial. The subjects were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive a reverse hybrid THA with a cemented component of either argon-gas gamma-sterilized PE component (controls) or VEPE, with identical geometry. The primary endpoint was proximal implant migration of the component at two years postoperatively measured with RSA. Secondary endpoints included total migration of the component, penetration of the femoral head into the component, and patient-reported outcome measurements. RESULTS: In total, 19 control implants and 18 implants in the VEPE group were analyzed for the primary endpoint. We found a continuous proximal migration of the component in the VEPE group that was significantly higher with a difference at two years of a mean 0.21 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05 to 0.37; p = 0.013). The total migration was also significantly higher in the VEPE group, but femoral head penetration was lower. We found no difference in clinical outcomes between the groups. CONCLUSION: At two years, this cemented VEPE component, although having a low head penetration and excellent clinical results, failed to meet noninferiority compared with the conventional implant by a proximal migration above the proposed safety threshold of RSA. The early proximal migration pattern of the VEPE component is a reason for continued monitoring, although a specific threshold for proximal migration and risk for later failure cannot be defined and needs further study. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1192-1198.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Polietilenos/química , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/epidemiologia , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Análise Radioestereométrica , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Suécia , Vitamina E/farmacologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(36): e16658, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490360

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Pelvic tumor had great impact on patients' quality of life. After tumor resection, how to accurately fill bone defect remained challenging for orthopedic surgeons. Due to lack of individual design, high incidence of prosthetic mismatching, and loosening were reported in pelvic reconstruction surgery with conventional modular prostheses. Nowadays, with rapid development of three-dimensional (3D) print technology, pelvic prostheses could be designed according to patients' own anatomy. The objective of this study was to describe the application of 3D printed customized hemi-pelvic prosthesis for patients with pelvic tumor. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 62-year-old female had developed severe right joint pain without obvious inducement from 5 months before she sought medical advice. Pain, swelling, and limited range of motion of right joint were founded during physical examination. DIAGNOSIS: The patients were diagnosed as "right acetabulum metastatic carcinoma" INTERVENTION:: 3D printed titanium alloy hemi-pelvic prosthesis was designed according the morphology of unaffected side hemi-pelvis and subsequently implanted in surgery to reconstruct the pelvis. 3D printed osteotomy guide and pelvic model were also manufactured and applied to improve accuracy of osteotomy and reduce operation time. X-Ray of pelvis, Harris score, musculoskeletal tumor society score (MSTS) and The MOS item short from health survey (SF-36) were recorded during the period of preoperation, 1, 3, 6, 12 months follow-up after operation. OUTCOMES: 3D printed hemi-pelvic prosthesis matched precisely with pelvis and implanted successfully. There was no sign of prosthetic loosening within 12 months' follow-up. No sign of peri-prosthetic infection from laboratory examination. Harris score, MSTS, and SF-36 were gradually increasing during follow-up period. LESSONS: Satisfactory effect of pelvic reconstruction could be achieved by 3D printed hemi-pelvic prostheses. It also provided a promising way to the treatment of pelvic tumor in similar cases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pélvicas/cirurgia , Impressão Tridimensional , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Pélvicas/patologia , Implantação de Prótese
4.
JAMA ; 322(10): 918, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31503292
5.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1035-1041, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474131

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate blood metal ion levels, leucocyte profiles, and serum cytokines in patients with a total hip arthroplasty (THA) involving modular dual-mobility components. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 39 patients were recruited, with clinical follow-up of up to two years. Outcome was assessed using the Harris Hip Score (HHS, the 12-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-12), the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC), and a visual analogue scale (VAS) for pain. Blood concentrations of cobalt (Co), chromium (Cr), and serum cytokines were measured. Subpopulations of leucocytes were analyzed by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The clinical performance was good. Blood Co levels (ref 1.0 µg/l) were mildly elevated in seven patients at three months, and two patients at two years' follow-up. The preoperative Cr levels were normal except for one patient with a detectable Cr (1.2 µg/l). Cr levels were detectable in three patients at three months, two patients at one year, and three patients at two years' follow-up. No patients had symptoms suggestive of failure. Although flow cytometry showed constant circulating leucocyte profiles, there was a significant reduction of serum interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and interferon gamma (IFNγ) postoperatively compared with the preoperative levels (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: These results suggest that THA using modular dual-mobility components is safe. This allows an opportunity to use a large femoral head and a thick polyethylene bearing surface, which is especially useful in revision procedures or high-risk situations when added stability is required. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1035-1041.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Cromo/sangue , Cobalto/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Prótese de Quadril , Contagem de Leucócitos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Materiais Biocompatíveis , Cerâmica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Titânio
6.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1144-1150, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474137

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to report the results of custom-made endoprostheses with extracortical plates plus or minus a short, intramedullary stem aimed at preserving the physis after resection of bone sarcomas in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between 2007 and 2017, 18 children aged less than 16 years old who underwent resection of bone sarcomas, leaving ≤ 5 cm of bone from the physis, and reconstruction with a custom-made endoprosthesis were reviewed. Median follow-up was 67 months (interquartile range 45 to 91). The tumours were located in the femur in 11 patients, proximal humerus in six, and proximal tibia in one. RESULTS: The five-year overall survival rate was 78%. No patient developed local recurrence. The five-year implant survival rate was 79%. In all, 11 patients (61%) developed a complication. Seven patients (39%) required further surgery to treat the complications. Implant failures occurred in three patients (17%) including one patient with aseptic loosening and two patients with implant or periprosthetic fracture. The preserved physis continued to grow at mean 3.3 cm (0 to 14). The mean Musculoskeletal Society score was 88% (67% to 97%). CONCLUSION: Custom-made endoprostheses that aim to preserve the physis are a safe and effective option for preserving physeal growth, limb length, and joint function with an acceptable rate of complications. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1144-1150.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/cirurgia , Lâmina de Crescimento/cirurgia , Osteossarcoma/cirurgia , Próteses e Implantes , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Fêmur/cirurgia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Humanos , Úmero/cirurgia , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Masculino , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Implantação de Prótese/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/instrumentação , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação , Tíbia/cirurgia
7.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1050-1057, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474145

RESUMO

AIMS: To our knowledge, no study has compared the long-term results of cemented and hybrid total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with osteoarthritis (OA) secondary to congenital hip disease (CHD). This is a demanding procedure that may require special techniques and implants. Our aim was to compare the long-term outcome of cemented low-friction arthroplasty (LFA) and hybrid THA performed by one surgeon. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between January 1989 and December 1997, 58 hips (44 patients; one man, 43 woman; mean age 56.6 years (25 to 77)) with OA secondary to CHD were treated with a cemented Charnley LFA (group A), and 55 hips (39 patients; two men, 37 women; mean age 49.1 years (27 to 70)) were treated with a hybrid THA (group B), by the senior author (GH). The clinical outcome and survivorship were compared. RESULTS: At all timepoints, group A hips had slightly better survivorship than those in group B without a statistically significant difference, except for the 24-year survival of acetabular components with revision for aseptic loosening as the endpoint, which was slightly worse. The survivorship was only significantly better in group A compared with group B when considering reoperation for any indication as the endpoint, 15 years postoperatively (74% vs 52%, p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: We concluded that there was not a substantial difference at almost any time in the outcome of cemented Charnley LFAs compared with hybrid THAs when treating patients with OA of the hip secondary to CHD. We believe, however, that after improvements in the design of components used in hybrid THA, this could be the method of choice, as it is technically easier with a shorter operating time. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1050-1057.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/cirurgia , Prótese de Quadril , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Cimentos para Ossos/uso terapêutico , Cimentação , Feminino , Luxação Congênita de Quadril/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16926, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464929

RESUMO

The femoral neck-preserving ratio is crucial in arthroplasty with a collum femoris-preserving (CFP) stem. The aim of our study was to analyze the relationships between the neck-preserving ratio and the short-term radiologic and clinical outcomes of patients who underwent total-hip arthroplasty (THA) with a CFP stem.The data of 325 hips from January 2015 to December 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. The demographic and radiologic data before and after surgery were obtained from patients. The neck-preserving ratio was defined as the ratio of the preserved femoral neck length to the preoperative femoral neck length. Correlations between the neck-preserving ratio and the radiologic and clinical outcomes of patients were analyzed.The mean neck-preserving ratio was 66.38 ±â€Š6.91% in the current study. We divided patients into 3 groups according to the neck-preserving ratio: group A (neck-preserving ratio ≤60.00%), group B (60.00% < neck-preserving ratio < 70.00%), group C (neck-preserving ratio ≥70.00%). Radiologic features, including the neck-shaft angle ratio (0.96 ±â€Š0.05), canal fill ratio (0.64 ±â€Š0.07), anterior-posterior offset ratio (1.04 ±â€Š0.10), and lateral offset ratio (2.55 ±â€Š1.56) (ratios of the postoperative values to the preoperative values), and the prevalence of complications was significantly different among the groups (χ = 21.173, P < .001). In the correlation analysis, we found a moderate negative correlation between the neck-preserving ratio and neck-shaft angle ratio (r = -0.308, P < .001) and a slight positive correlation of the neck-preserving ratio with the anterior-posterior offset ratio (r = 0.415, P < .001) and the lateral offset ratio (r = 0.164, P = .003). In the linear regression analyses, the neck-preserving ratio was significantly linearly correlated with the neck-shaft angle ratio (B = -0.232, 95% confidence interval [CI] = -0.311 to -0.154, P < .001), anterior-posterior offset ratio (B = 0.589, 95% CI = 0.447-0.730, P < .001), and lateral offset ratio (B = 3.693, 95% CI = 1.256-6.131, P = .003). However, there was no significant linear correlation between the neck-preserving ratio and the canal fill ratio (B = 0.073, 95% CI = -0.033 to 0.180, P = .174). Logistic regression analyses also showed that a sufficient neck-preserving ratio was a protective factor for periprosthetic femoral fractures (odds ratio [OR] = 0.924, 95% CI = 0.859-0.994, P = .035), dislocations (OR = 0.892, 95% CI = 0.796-0.999, P = .048), and thigh pain (OR = 0.886, 95% CI = 0.818-0.960, P = .003).For CFP stems, an insufficient neck-preserving ratio is significantly correlated with poor radiologic and clinical outcomes. Therefore, surgeons should be cognizant to preserve a sufficient femoral neck length during surgery to improve the outcomes for patients undergoing THA with CFP stems.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Colo do Fêmur/anatomia & histologia , Desenho de Prótese/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Densidade Óssea , Comorbidade , Feminino , Colo do Fêmur/diagnóstico por imagem , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
9.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 188, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the correlating and predicting factors of visual outcome after implantation of newly developed diffractive quadrifocal intraocular lens (IOL). METHODS: A retrospective longitudinal study was conducted. Patients who underwent diffractive quadrifocal IOL implantation with a follow-up period longer than six months and records of wavefront aberrometer within one week perioperatively were enrolled. Accordingly, a total of 73 eyes from 73 patients were included. The postoperative distance and near visual acuity, ocular aberrations and postoperative symptoms were collected. The correlation and predictability between ocular aberrations and the postoperative visual outcome were evaluated. RESULTS: The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) one month postoperatively was significantly better than the preoperative status, and insignificant improvement was found six months postoperatively. Preoperative Tracey refraction spherical equivalent (TRSE), angle alpha, and spherical aberration (SA) were significantly correlated with postoperative CDVA and near corrected visual acuity (NCVA). For postoperative ocular aberrations, TRSE, angle alpha, and SA were significantly correlated with CDVA six months postoperatively and NCVA, while the trefoil, internal higher order aberration (HOA) and total HOA were associated with NCVA. Preoperative angle alpha could predict all postoperative visual performances, while postoperative TRSE and angle alpha could predict the CDVA six months postoperatively and NCVA. A large angle alpha is associated with visual disturbance and dissatisfaction. CONCLUSION: The angle alpha preoperatively and postoperatively was correlated with the postoperative vision and could predict visual outcome in patients who had diffractive quadrifocal IOL implanted. Furthermore, the majority of ocular aberrations were also associated with certain postoperative vision.


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares Multifocais , Pseudofacia/cirurgia , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual , Aberrometria , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Desenho de Prótese , Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 122-132, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384375

RESUMO

Right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) dysfunction is common following surgical repair of tetralogy of Fallot and other forms of complex congenital heart disease. This results in pulmonary stenosis or regurgitation and may ultimately lead to RV failure and dysrhythmias. Transcatheter valve technologies are now available to treat certain patients with RVOT dysfunction. Current devices include the Medtronic Melody valve and the Edwards Lifesciences SAPIEN XT. Although these valves are approved for use in dysfunctional circumferential RVOT conduits, they are increasingly being used off label for nonconduit outflow tracts. Procedural complications include but are not limited to conduit rupture and coronary compression. Longer-term complications include stent fracture and endocarditis. Outcomes with these valves have demonstrated durable relief of stenosis and regurgitation. The Medtronic Harmony valve and the Alterra Prestent from Edwards Lifesciences are investigational devices that are intended to treat the patulous RVOT that is too large to accommodate currently available valves. This review will focus on current indications to treat RVOT dysfunction, existing transcatheter valve technologies, and investigational devices undergoing clinical trials. Hopefully, within the not-too-distant future, transcatheter pulmonary valve implantation will be feasible in the vast majority of patients with RVOT dysfunction following surgical repair of congenital heart disease.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Valva Pulmonar/cirurgia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/etiologia , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/fisiopatologia
11.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 149-151, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384379

RESUMO

Patients with advanced valvular disease may be at high or prohibitive risk for surgical management. We describe a patient with previous mitral and tricuspid valve repair and recurrent admissions for New York Heart Association Class IV heart failure symptoms due to severe mitral stenosis and severe tricuspid regurgitation. Due to her comorbidities and two previous sternotomies, the patient was at high risk for surgery. We performed a simultaneous transfemoral mitral and tricuspid valve-in-ring implantation. This is the first report of its kind using a Sapien 3 valve (Edwards Lifesciences).


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Valva Tricúspide/cirurgia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/métodos , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Ecocardiografia Tridimensional , Ecocardiografia Transesofagiana , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/métodos , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Mitral/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Resultado do Tratamento , Valva Tricúspide/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Tricúspide/fisiopatologia
12.
Methodist Debakey Cardiovasc J ; 15(2): 152-155, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31384380

RESUMO

Iatrogenic aortocaval fistula is an extremely rare pathologic condition that often results in clinically significant left-to-right extracardiac shunt. In slow-progressing cases, chronic right-sided heart failure can occur and, in some patients, may persist for years. We present a patient with a long-standing aortocaval fistula that was causing high-flow left-to-right shunting, tricuspid regurgitation, severe pulmonary hypertension, and right-side heart failure. After undergoing complete endoscopic isolation of the aortocaval fistula, the patient experienced dramatic clinical improvement and continued to have excellent imaging and clinical resolution after 2 years of follow-up.


Assuntos
Aorta/fisiopatologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/terapia , Embolização Terapêutica , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Doença Iatrogênica , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiopatologia , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aortografia/métodos , Fístula Arteriovenosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Fístula Arteriovenosa/etiologia , Fístula Arteriovenosa/fisiopatologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Embolização Terapêutica/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Flebografia/métodos , Desenho de Prótese , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Dispositivo para Oclusão Septal , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem
13.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 169, 2019 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Accurate alignment of toric intraocular lens (TIOL) to steep corneal astigmatic axis is important to achieve effective postoperative results. The authors compare the accuracy of astigmatism correction using automated and manual marking in TIOL implantation during cataract surgery. METHODS: One hundred thirty-two eyes with nuclear density from Grade 2 to 4 were randomly subdivided into 2 groups (automated and manual marking). All patients underwent manual marking and the steep axis was compared to SensoMotoric Instruments (SMI). After phacoemulsification, 62 patients underwent toric IOL implantation using the SMI and 70 patients underwent toric IOL implantation using manual marking. Intraoperative measurement was the steep axis difference. Clinical measurements included preoperative and postoperative best corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and TIOL axis. RESULTS: The intraoperative steep axis difference between SMI and manual marking was 7.86 ± 6.4 degrees. The difference between the preoperative steep axis and the postoperative TIOL axis using SMI (3.63 ± 1.12 degrees) was significantly lower than that using manual marking (8.29 ± 2.23 degrees) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The steep axis measurements may be different when using SMI vs. manual marking. The SMI is more accurate than manual marking for TIOL implantation during cataract surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current Controlled Trials ISRCTN12294725 , Retrospectively registered, on 20 July 2018.


Assuntos
Automação/métodos , Catarata/fisiopatologia , Lentes Intraoculares , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual , Biometria/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese
14.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 960-969, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362543

RESUMO

AIMS: The aim of this study was to give estimates of the incidence of component incompatibility in hip and knee arthroplasty and to test the effect of an online, real-time compatibility check. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Intraoperative barcode registration of arthroplasty implants was introduced in Denmark in 2013. We developed a compatibility database and, from May 2017, real-time compatibility checking was implemented and became part of the registration. We defined four classes of component incompatibility: A-I, A-II, B-I, and B-II, depending on an assessment of the level of risk to the patient (A/B), and on whether incompatibility was knowingly accepted (I/II). RESULTS: A total of 26 524 arthroplasties were analyzed. From 12 307 procedures that were undertaken before implementation of the compatibility check, 21 class A incompatibilities were identified (real- or high-risk combinations; 0.17%; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.11 to 0.26). From 5692 hip and 6615 knee procedures prior to implementation of the compatibility check, we found rates of class A-I incompatibility (real- or high-risk combinations unknowingly inserted) of 0.14% (95% CI 0.06 to 0.28) and 0.17% (95% CI 0.08 to 0.30), respectively. From 14 217 procedures after the introduction of compatibility checking (7187 hips and 7030 knees), eight class A incompatibilities (0.06%; 95% CI 0.02 to 0.11) were identified. This difference was statistically significant (p = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Our data presents validated estimates of the baseline incidence of incompatibility events for hip and knee arthroplasty procedures and shows that a significant reduction in class A incompatibility events is possible using a web-based recording system. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:960-969.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Artroplastia do Joelho/instrumentação , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Prótese do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Erros Médicos/prevenção & controle , Desenho de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Sistemas de Computação , Dinamarca , Humanos , Erros Médicos/efeitos adversos , Erros Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Sistema de Registros
15.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(8): 897-901, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31362553

RESUMO

Ceramic bearings have several desirable properties, such as resistance to wear, hardness, and biocompatibility, that favour it as an articulating surface in hip arthroplasty. However, ceramic fracture remains a concern. We have reviewed the contemporary literature, addressing the factors that can influence the incidence of ceramic bearing surface fracture. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:897-901.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/instrumentação , Cerâmica , Prótese de Quadril , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Cerâmica/efeitos adversos , Prótese de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Falha de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Falha de Prótese/etiologia
17.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 8(4): 285-289, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397676

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim was to study the visual performance of a new refractive extended depth of focus (EDOF) intraocular lens (IOL). DESIGN: Prospective, comparative study. METHODS: Consenting patients with age-related cataract willing for bilateral cataract surgery within 2 weeks were implanted with the Supraphob EDOF IOL and those willing for 1 eye surgery were implanted with a monofocal IOL. The uncorrected and best-corrected distance, intermediate and near visual acuity, and contrast sensitivity were evaluated at 1 and 3 months postoperatively. We also inquired about glare, halos, difficulties in night driving, requirement for spectacles, and overall satisfaction with vision. RESULTS: The Supraphob EDOF group (n = 72 eyes) and the monofocal IOL group (n = 54 eyes) were comparable with respect to all preoperative parameters including biometry, visual acuity, and cataract status. The mean age of participants was 58.4 ±â€Š10.6 years. Both groups had similar distance vision but the EDOF group had significantly better intermediate (0.2 ±â€Š0.2 logMAR vs 0.75 ±â€Š0.19 logMAR, P < 0.001) and near vision (median = N6 vs N12, P < 0.001) compared to the monofocal group at 3 months. The contrast sensitivity was similar in both groups. Patients in the EDOF IOL group had much greater satisfaction for intermediate and near vision. Less than 10% patients reported glare, halos, and difficulty in driving at night in the EDOF group. CONCLUSIONS: The Supraphob EDOF IOL was effective in improving the distance, intermediate and near vision in majority of patients, and retained good contrast sensitivity with most patients reporting excellent satisfaction.


Assuntos
Sensibilidades de Contraste/fisiologia , Percepção de Profundidade/fisiologia , Lentes Intraoculares , Facoemulsificação , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Satisfação do Paciente , Período Pós-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese
18.
Asia Pac J Ophthalmol (Phila) ; 8(4): 335-349, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403494

RESUMO

AcrySof IQ PanOptix Model TFNT00 (Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, TX) is a 1-piece aspheric hydrophobic presbyopia-correcting intraocular lens (IOL) launched in 2015. Unlike traditional trifocal IOLs that usually have an intermediate focal point of 80 cm, the PanOptix IOL is designed to have an intermediate focal point of 60 cm (arms-length), a more natural and comfortable working distance to perform functional tasks on computers, laptops, mobiles, among others. The non-apodized PanOptix IOL uses the ENhanced LIGHT ENergy (ENLIGHTEN; Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, TX) optical technology that provides high (88%) utilization of light energy, low dependence on pupil size in all lighting conditions, and a more comfortable near-to-intermediate range of vision than traditional trifocal IOLs. This review provides an overview of the clinical performance of the PanOptix IOL and discusses it in the context of other commercially available trifocal IOLs, FineVision Micro F (PhysIOL, Liege, Belgium), the AT LISA tri 839MP (Carl Zeiss Meditec AG, Jena, Germany) and the extended depth of focus IOL, TECNIS Symfony (Abbott Medical Optics, Santa Ana, CA). A literature search was performed in the PubMed database to identify studies that have assessed the visual and other clinical outcomes with the PanOptix IOL. In total, 12 studies were included in this review article. Overall, the clinical evidence suggests that in general good visual outcomes, along with a high degree of spectacle independence, are achieved in patients implanted with the PanOptix, FineVision, AT LISA and Symfony IOLs. However, every MIOL has its benefits and limitations, which along with patient's needs and clinical conditions are important factors to consider while selecting an IOL to achieve best possible post-operative outcomes.


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares , Satisfação do Paciente , Pseudofacia/cirurgia , Refração Ocular/fisiologia , Visão Binocular/fisiologia , Acuidade Visual/fisiologia , Humanos , Facoemulsificação , Desenho de Prótese , Pseudofacia/fisiopatologia
19.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1378-1382, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438152

RESUMO

Multifocal intraocular lens implants (IOLs) are a premium option for cataract surgery which patients may purchase to achieve improved spectacle-independence for near vision but may have trade-offs with visual quality. We demonstrate the use of sentiment analysis to evaluate multifocal lenses discussed on MedHelp, a leading online health forum. A search for "multifocal IOL" was performed on MedHelp.org on November 1, 2016, yielding relevant patient posts. Sentiment analysis was performed using IBM's Watson, which extracted 30,066 unique keywords and their associated sentiment scores from 7495 posts written by 1474 unique patient users. Keywords associated with monovision, monofocal, and toric lenses had positive mean sentiment, significantly higher than for keywords associated with multifocals, which had negative mean sentiment (p < 0.001, ANOVA). Many keywords represented complaints and were associated with negative sentiment, including glare, halo, and ghosting. Sentiment analysis can provide insights into patient perspectives towards multifocal lenses by interpreting online patient posts.


Assuntos
Lentes Intraoculares Multifocais , Sensibilidades de Contraste , Humanos , Implante de Lente Intraocular , Desenho de Prótese , Acuidade Visual
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