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1.
; OPAS.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46939

RESUMO

Os Objetivos de Desenvolvimento Sustentável (ODS) foram fixados em 2015 pela Organização das Nações Unidas como um plano de ação para as pessoas, para o planeta e para a prosperidade. Trata-se de uma agenda de ação até 2030, com 17 Objetivos e 169 metas construídas sobre o legado dos Objetivos de Desenvolvimento do Milênio (ODM).


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Planejamento em Saúde , Promoção da Saúde
5.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124662, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499305

RESUMO

Fluorine is the most reactive elements among the halogen group and commonly and ubiquitously occurs as fluoride in nature. The industrial processes produce fluoride by-products causing the increase of unwanted environmental levels and consequently posing risk on human and environmental health worldwide. This review gives a fundamental understanding of fluoride networks in the industrial processes, in the geological and hydrological transport, and in the biological sphere. Numerous biological pathways of fluoride also increase the risk of exposure. Literature shows that various environmental levels of fluoride due to its chemical characteristics cause bioaccumulation resulting in health deterioration among organisms. These problems are aggravated by emitted fluoride in the air and wastewater streams. Moreover, the current waste disposal dependent on incineration and landfilling superpose to the problem. In our analysis, the fluoride material flow model still follows a linear economy and reuse economy to some extent. This flow model spoils resources with high economic potential and worsens environmental problems. Thus, we intend a shift from the conventional linear economy to a circular economy with the revival of three-dimensional objectives of sustainable development. Linkages between key dimensions of the circular economy to stimulate momentum for perpetual sustainable development are proposed to gain economic, environmental and social benefits.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/análise , Fluoretos/análise , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Desenvolvimento Sustentável/economia , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Incineração , Águas Residuárias/química
6.
J Environ Manage ; 254: 109750, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31726279

RESUMO

Decision-making associated with the promotion of water sustainability is subjected to uncertainties arising, on the one hand, from the current capacity of understanding socio-environmental systems and their temporality, complexity and multidimensionality; and, on the other hand, from the need to represent key aspects of these systems through data and information. Such a representation is often supported by indicators, indices and systems of indicators for relevant aspects of the problem and for a scenario under analysis. In this context, the main aim of this study was to develop a novel system of indicators for water sustainability assessment in river basins. Literature review and content analysis were used to define an analytical structure for the problem from the perspective of the natural, social and built capitals of related sustainable development assessment. Each capital has been hierarchically subdivided into categories, subcategories and attributes, leading to 54 aspects for water sustainability assessment. A list of indicators was compiled from the scientific and technical literature, linked to attributes, and associated with valuation ranges. This led to the proposition of the River Basin Water Sustainability Index (RBWSI) and sub-indices associated with categories and subcategories of the model. The timeframe and territorial scale relevant for assessment were defined as five-to-ten year periods and areas under the jurisdiction of river basin management committees, respectively. The new model and index thus proposed may be useful in water sustainability diagnostic and prognostic studies, such as required to assess the effectiveness of river basin management actions aimed at promoting sustainable development.


Assuntos
Conservação dos Recursos Naturais , Água , Modelos Teóricos , Rios , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
7.
Ambio ; 49(1): 350-360, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30905053

RESUMO

Climate change adaptation, mitigation and food security may be addressed at the same time by enhancing soil organic carbon (SOC) sequestration through environmentally sound land management practices. This is promoted by the "4 per 1000" Initiative, a multi-stakeholder platform aiming at increasing SOC storage through sustainable practices. The scientific and technical committee of the Initiative is working to identify indicators, research priorities and region-specific practices needed for their implementation. The Initiative received its name due to the global importance of soils for climate change, which can be illustrated by a thought experiment showing that an annual growth rate of only 0.4% of the standing global SOC stocks would have the potential to counterbalance the current increase in atmospheric CO2. However, there are numerous barriers to the rise in SOC stocks and while SOC sequestration can contribute to partly offsetting greenhouse gas emissions, its main benefits are related to increased soil quality and climate change adaptation. The Initiative provides a collaborative platform for policy makers, practitioners, scientists and stakeholders to engage in finding solutions. Criticism of the Initiative has been related to the poor definition of its numerical target, which was not understood as an aspirational goal. The objective of this paper is to present the aims of the initiative, to discuss critical issues and to present challenges for its implementation. We identify barriers, risks and trade-offs and advocate for collaboration between multiple parties in order to stimulate innovation and to initiate the transition of agricultural systems toward sustainability.


Assuntos
Carbono , Solo , Agricultura , Sequestro de Carbono , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
10.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(20): 4538-4544, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872643

RESUMO

Through using the theoretical research results of traditional Chinese medicine resource management and sustainable utilization as references,this article systematically analyzes the relationship between economic subsystems for utilization of wild renewable resources in Tibetan medicine,resources,environment and social systems. It sorts out and designs the relationship diagram of the sustainable utilization system for Tibetan medicine resources,input and output relationship diagrams of economics subsystems for Tibetan medicine resources,development model diagram for Tibetan medical industrial chain,market development flow chart of wild herb resources of Tibetan medicine,causal circuit diagram of sustainable use mechanism for Tibetan medicine resources,cause tree of the stock and function for Tibetan medicine resources,cause tree of total income for Tibetan medicine resource utilization and tree diagram of compensation fund usage of Tibetan medicine resources. It provides an innovative research method for Tibetan medicine resources,and theoretical basis and relevant countermeasure for constructing sustainable approaches to development of wild renewable resources in Tibetan medicine.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Tibetana , Plantas Medicinais , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Tibet
11.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46896

RESUMO

Plataforma com dados indicadores sobre a taxa de mortalidade por acidente de trânsito 2000 a 2015. Brasil Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Acidentes de Trânsito/mortalidade , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde
12.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46897

RESUMO

Plataforma do IBGE com dados indicadores sobre a proporção de pessoas em famílias com grandes gastos em saúde em relação ao total de despesas familiares. Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Gastos em Saúde , Relações Familiares
13.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46898

RESUMO

Plataforma com dados indicadores sobre a Taxa de mortalidade atribuída a fontes de água inseguras, saneamento inseguro e falta de higiene. Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Saneamento Básico/políticas
15.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46891

RESUMO

Plataforma com dados indicadores sobre a mortalidade neonatal de 2000 a 2015. Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Mortalidade Infantil/etnologia , Brasil/etnologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
16.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-bvsms | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46892

RESUMO

Plataforma com dados indicadores sobre a taxa de incidência de tuberculose no Brasil Agenda 2030 - objetivo 3 - Saúde e bem estar


Assuntos
Tuberculose/etnologia , Brasil/etnologia , Desenvolvimento Sustentável
17.
19.
Nature ; 575(7781): 109-118, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695205

RESUMO

The current trajectory for crop yields is insufficient to nourish the world's population by 20501. Greater and more consistent crop production must be achieved against a backdrop of climatic stress that limits yields, owing to shifts in pests and pathogens, precipitation, heat-waves and other weather extremes. Here we consider the potential of plant sciences to address post-Green Revolution challenges in agriculture and explore emerging strategies for enhancing sustainable crop production and resilience in a changing climate. Accelerated crop improvement must leverage naturally evolved traits and transformative engineering driven by mechanistic understanding, to yield the resilient production systems that are needed to ensure future harvests.


Assuntos
Produção Agrícola/métodos , Produção Agrícola/estatística & dados numéricos , Produtos Agrícolas/genética , Abastecimento de Alimentos/métodos , Abastecimento de Alimentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Aquecimento Global/estatística & dados numéricos , Desenvolvimento Sustentável/tendências , Aclimatação/genética , Aclimatação/fisiologia , Animais , Produtos Agrícolas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Produtos Agrícolas/microbiologia , Produtos Agrícolas/virologia , Fertilizantes , Humanos , Doenças das Plantas/genética , Doenças das Plantas/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Plantas/estatística & dados numéricos , Chuva
20.
Nature ; 575(7781): 98-108, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31695208

RESUMO

Much of the Earth's biosphere has been appropriated for the production of harvestable biomass in the form of food, fuel and fibre. Here we show that the simplification and intensification of these systems and their growing connection to international markets has yielded a global production ecosystem that is homogenous, highly connected and characterized by weakened internal feedbacks. We argue that these features converge to yield high and predictable supplies of biomass in the short term, but create conditions for novel and pervasive risks to emerge and interact in the longer term. Steering the global production ecosystem towards a sustainable trajectory will require the redirection of finance, increased transparency and traceability in supply chains, and the participation of a multitude of players, including integrated 'keystone actors' such as multinational corporations.


Assuntos
Biomassa , Ecossistema , Fontes Geradoras de Energia , Retroalimentação , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Atividades Humanas , Desenvolvimento Sustentável , Agricultura/economia , Animais , Comércio/economia , Fontes Geradoras de Energia/economia , Abastecimento de Alimentos/economia , Agricultura Florestal , Água Subterrânea/análise , Atividades Humanas/economia , Humanos , Desenvolvimento Sustentável/economia
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