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1.
J Dent Educ ; 84(10): 1091-1098, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33063364

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: A grant-funded faculty development program, From Practice to Preceptor (FP2P), sought to recruit and train diverse general and pediatric dentists to become dental faculty from 2012-2018. This study is an evaluation of this completed initiative and offers an initial review of long-term outcomes of the program. METHODS: Over 5 entering cohorts, 133 practitioners applied to the program and 45 were accepted. A 2-year training program used classroom and hands-on training to prepare practitioners for the occupational demands of academia. Program participants were offered pre- and post-surveys to evaluate their perceived preparedness in faculty competencies identified by the program. Participants were also sent an alumni survey, and employment was tracked by the host institution. RESULTS: Most (43 of 45) participants completed the program. Pre- and post-survey results were received from 24 of 30 (80%) participants in Cohorts 2, 3, and 5, and used for this analysis. The results suggest the program participants' perception of their ability to work effectively as faculty members in administrative, teaching, and clinical arenas increased. Over half of the program completers obtained employment as dental faculty. A majority of (19/26, 73%) program completers who responded to the alumni survey indicated the skills and knowledge gained in the program were useful to their current employment. CONCLUSION: The FP2P program evaluation results indicate a long-term faculty training program may be a useful methodology for recruiting and training current dentists to work in academic dentistry.


Assuntos
Docentes de Odontologia , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Criança , Estudos de Coortes , Currículo , Humanos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
3.
Clin Ter ; 171(5): e399-e400, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901781

RESUMO

COVID-19 pandemic affected the psychological health of nurses. Numerous nurses have been facing mental complications associated with quarantine such as psychological distress and fear. The gravity of COVID-19 pandemic is triggering further mental health challenges among nurses. The continuous stress nurses are facing, could trigger post-traumatic stress symptoms, poor service delivery, suicide ideation and suicide. Assessing and preserving the mental health of nurses and the health care workers in general is necessary for optimal disease control. Psychiatric interventions are needed to attend to the psychological need of nurses treating COVID-19 patients. Such interventions imply using E-learning and video platforms to educate nurses on communication skills, case handling skills and problem-solving tactics to deal with the possible psychological problems that might arise from treating COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Saúde Mental , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Saúde do Trabalhador , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Saúde Mental/normas , Saúde Mental/tendências , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/normas , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Saúde do Trabalhador/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/prevenção & controle , Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Desempenho Profissional
4.
J Obstet Gynaecol Can ; 42(8): 1017-1020, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736852

RESUMO

Health care team training and simulation-based education are important for preparing obstetrical services to meet the challenges of the COVID-19 pandemic. Priorities for training are identified in two key areas. First, the impact of infection prevention and control protocols on processes of care (e.g., appropriate and correct use of personal protective equipment, patient transport, preparation for emergency cesarean delivery with the potential for emergency intubation, management of simultaneous obstetric emergencies, delivery in alternate locations in the hospital, potential for increased decision-to-delivery intervals, and communication with patients). And second, the effects of COVID-19 pathophysiology on obstetrical patients (e.g., testing and diagnosis, best use of modified obstetric early warning systems, approach to maternal respiratory compromise, collaboration with critical care teams, and potential need for cardiopulmonary resuscitation). However, such training is more challenging during the COVID-19 pandemic because of the requirements for social distancing. This article outlines strategies (spatial, temporal, video-recording, video-conferencing, and virtual) to effectively engage in health care team training and simulation-based education while maintaining social distancing during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Parto Obstétrico , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Obstetrícia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez , Treinamento por Simulação , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Parto Obstétrico/educação , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Práticas Interdisciplinares/métodos , Obstetrícia/educação , Obstetrícia/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Simulação de Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Treinamento por Simulação/organização & administração
5.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(9): 481-488, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32804705

RESUMO

A pediatric teaching hospital developed a comprehensive leadership training program for midlevel nurse leaders with varying levels of management knowledge and experience. Content was based on American Organization for Nursing Leadership nurse manager competencies and data from a comprehensive needs assessment. Learners identified differentiating between leadership and management, influencing behavior, managing change, and communication as areas of increased confidence. This program is applicable to any hospital with multiple midlevel nurse leaders new to the role.


Assuntos
Liderança , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Enfermeiras Administradoras/educação , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Comunicação , Difusão de Inovações , Hospitais Pediátricos , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionais , Enfermeiras Administradoras/organização & administração
6.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(9): 468-473, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32826516

RESUMO

Nurse leaders seek effective strategies to engage nurses in decision-making when striving for clinical excellence. When leaders cultivate safe environments, nurses are encouraged to discover new knowledge and innovations. In our institution, nurse leaders designed a systematic guide using Liberating Structures to empower nurses to develop a professional practice model.


Assuntos
Liderança , Modelos de Enfermagem , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Cultura Organizacional , Prática Profissional , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Competência Clínica , Humanos , Enfermeiras Administradoras/organização & administração , Enfermeiras Administradoras/psicologia
7.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236983, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764768

RESUMO

National efforts to address the diversity dilemma in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) often emphasize increasing numbers of historically underrepresented (HU) students and faculty, but fall short in instituting concrete changes for inclusion and belonging. Therefore, increasing the pool of senior faculty who wish to become guides and advocates for emerging scientists from HU populations is an essential step toward creating new pathways for their career advancement. As a step toward achieving this goal, we created a novel eight-hour intervention on Culturally Aware Mentoring (CAM), a program of the National Research Mentoring Network (NRMN) targeted to faculty and administrators. A previous report of surveys at the end of the CAM sessions revealed substantial awareness and knowledge gains, with participants expressing intentions to use and implement new skills they had learned. In this paper, we provide the results of our thematic analysis of qualitative interviews with academic administrators and faculty, 18-24 months after participation in CAM. Interviews were designed to determine: 1) What changes in self-perceptions and interactions occurred as a result of participation in CAM? 2) What specific components of CAM are associated with changes in individual beliefs and practices? 3) How did participants actively make changes after the CAM workshop? 4) What barriers or challenges do participants encounter after the CAM intervention? The results demonstrate the lasting influences of CAM on participants' awareness of cultural differences, their assumptions about and approaches toward interactions with colleagues and students, and their efforts to change their behaviors to promote inclusive practices in their mentoring and teaching of HU students in STEM. Our findings provide evidence that CAM can be incorporated into existing mentor training programs designed to improve the confidence and capacity of senior research faculty mentors to make culturally-informed, scholar-centered decisions to more deliberately recognize and respond to cultural differences within their mentoring and collegial relationships.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo , Diversidade Cultural , Docentes , Tutoria , Disciplinas das Ciências Biológicas/educação , Docentes de Medicina , Humanos , Mentores , Grupo Associado , Ciência/educação , Ciência/organização & administração , Habilidades Sociais , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Estados Unidos
8.
J Contin Educ Nurs ; 51(8): 349-351, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722810

RESUMO

From staffing and supply shortages to furloughs and layoffs, few expected-let alone had a plan for managing-the COVID-19 pandemic. The crisis allowed nursing professional development to demonstrate its value like never before. This article explores the impact of the pandemic on nursing professional development practice at the micro (unit), meso (organization), and macro (national) levels of our specialty. [J Contin Educ Nurs. 2020;51(8):349-351.].


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/enfermagem , Educação Continuada em Enfermagem/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/enfermagem , Prática Profissional , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Betacoronavirus , Competência Clínica , Avaliação Educacional , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Inovação Organizacional , Pandemias
9.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(7-8): 378-384, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675479

RESUMO

Absence of nurse manager succession planning in an academic medical center necessitated a quality improvement project to identify, select, and enroll emerging leaders into a development program. The authors used organizational competencies and an evidence-based approach to effectively identify barriers, select future nurse leaders, and discover opportunities for process improvement.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos , Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Planejamento Estratégico , Adulto , Humanos , Seleção de Pessoal
10.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(7-8): 369-371, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701640

RESUMO

In today's dynamic healthcare environment, it is more important than ever that the chief nursing officer (CNO) possesses transformational leadership skills. This includes the cultivation of leaders whom the CNO can partner with to advance strategic priorities that benefit patients, families, clinical nurses, and others within a strong, supportive practice environment. A collaborative partnership not only ensures the advancement of an agenda for change but also enhances communication and visibility and provides an opportunity for development of key individuals on the executive team. By supporting partnerships, the CNO has the opportunity to keep talented leaders in the pipeline and to identify those who should be a part of the succession planning process. This is a critically important concept that can lead to a smooth leadership transition.


Assuntos
Liderança , Tutoria , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Inovação Organizacional , Humanos , Seleção de Pessoal , Técnicas de Planejamento , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal
11.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(7-8): 414-418, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701646

RESUMO

United States demographics are changing, but that change is yet to be recognized in the makeup of the nursing workforce. The underrepresentation of minorities in nursing is a longstanding problem, resulting in missed opportunities for culturally sensitive care that can foster optimal patient care outcomes. This report describes qualitative analysis of leadership opportunities emerging from a collaborative leadership development program between an urban baccalaureate nursing program and a large healthcare system in the northeast United States. The investigative team used qualitative methods to analyze the experiences of 19 participating African American (AA) RN graduates. Findings demonstrated that, for program participants, active engagement in personal and professional nursing leadership activities was enhanced. The academic-practice leadership program was an effective tool for enculturating AA nurses into the practice environment and into eventual leadership in nursing and healthcare.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Liderança , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Adulto , Afro-Americanos/psicologia , Competência Clínica , Diversidade Cultural , Assistência à Saúde , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Masculino , Mentores , New England
12.
Artigo em Espanhol | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52503

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. El desafío de avanzar hacia la materialización del derecho a la salud para todos a través de la estrategia para el acceso y la cobertura universal de salud (salud universal) requiere de múltiples condiciones y acciones. Una de ellas es contar con trabajadores de la salud suficientes, bien distribuidos y con las competencias y motivación que hagan posible la transformación de los servicios de salud y proporcionen respuestas integrales y de calidad a las personas y sus comunidades. Este artículo, producto del diálogo de académicos de diversos centros universitarios de las Américas, reflexiona y enfatiza cuatro dimensiones esenciales: la planificación, la formación interprofesional, la misión o responsabilidad social de los centros formadores y el uso de modelos de docencia-servicio-investigación. Estas dimensiones deben ser atendidas para una formación integral de profesionales de salud que contribuyan a hacer factible la salud universal.


[ABSTRACT]. The challenge of moving towards the right to health for all —through the strategies for universal access to health and universal health coverage (universal health)— requires multiple conditions and actions. One of them is to have sufficient health workers, well distributed and with the skills and motivation needed for the transformation of health services and to provide comprehensive and quality responses to people and their communities. This article presents the results of a dialogue between academics from universities in the Americas, and reflects on four essential dimensions: planning, interprofessional training, social responsibility of academic centers, and the use of models of teaching-service-research. These dimensions are fundamental for a comprehensive training of health professionals that contributes to universal health coverage.


Assuntos
Mão de Obra em Saúde , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Cobertura Universal de Saúde , Educação Interprofissional , Responsabilidade Social , Universidades , América , Mão de Obra em Saúde , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Cobertura Universal de Saúde , Educação Interprofissional , Responsabilidade Social , Universidades , América
13.
Artigo em Inglês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52470

RESUMO

[RESUMEN]. El principal objetivo del Programa de Formación en Salud Pública para la Frontera Brasil-Uruguay fue fortalecer las capacidades formativas locales en salud pública a través del desarrollo de habilidades y competencias junto a trabajadores de salud de cuatro zonas fronterizas. El diseño metodológico del Programa, basado en talleres docentes con aplicación de metodologías activas de la formación en salud y mediados por tecnologías educacionales, favoreció la organización de un espacio dialógico permanente entre docentes, gestores y actores de la práctica de ambos países que, entre 2017 y 2018, resultó en: a) el desarrollo de capacidades locales para el mapeo de los principales problemas de vigilancia de la salud en las cuatro zonas fronterizas participantes; b) la discusión de los límites y perspectivas de acción de los servicios de salud existentes en ambos países, dentro de los principios y lineamientos del campo de la salud pública; c) la apropiación de herramientas y procesos pedagógicos que permitieron la incorporación del aspecto de salud pública y de la vigilancia de la salud en los diferentes procesos y espacios organizativos del sector salud local; y d) la construcción de una capacidad permanente para el desarrollo de habilidades y competencias junto a trabajadores del sector salud, en una lógica de educación permanente en salud. Los logros del Programa y sus contribuciones a los servicios de salud locales lo habilitan, de manera efectiva, como acción estratégica para el fortalecimiento de capacidades formativas y de investigación en la frontera Brasil-Uruguay.


[ABSTRACT]. The main objective of the Public Health Training Program on the Brazil-Uruguay Border was to strengthen local training capacities in public health through the development of skills and competencies together with health workers from four border areas. The methodological design of the Program, based on workshops with the application of active methodologies in health training and mediated by educational technologies, favored the organization of a permanent dialogical setting between instructors, managers and practice professionals from both countries that, between 2017 and 2018, resulted in a) development of local capacities for the mapping of the main health surveillance problems in the four participating border areas; b) discussion of the limits and perspectives of action of the existing health services in both countries, within the principles and guidelines of the public health field; c) appropriation of pedagogical tools and processes that allowed for the incorporation of public health and health surveillance into the different organizational processes and settings of the local health sector; and d) building of a permanent capacity for the development of skills and competencies together with health workers, within a framework of permanent education in health. The Program’s achievements and its contributions to local health services effectively qualify it as a strategic action for strengthening training and research capacities on the Brazil-Uruguay border.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Educação Profissional em Saúde Pública , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Saúde na Fronteira , Brasil , Uruguai , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Educação Profissional em Saúde Pública , Vigilância em Saúde Pública , Saúde na Fronteira , Brasil
14.
Edumecentro ; 12(2): 161-176, abr.-jun. 2020.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090024

RESUMO

RESUMEN Fundamento: en correspondencia con la necesidad de capacitación de profesionales y técnicos en experimentación animal, se elaboró un proyecto para el perfeccionamiento continuo de los recursos humanos de la Unidad de Toxicología Experimental, que tuvo como principal tarea el diseño de acciones capacitadoras para la competencia en el trabajo con animales de laboratorio en investigaciones biomédicas. Objetivo: implementar acciones capacitadoras sobre experimentación con animales de laboratorio para la elevar la competencia en investigaciones biomédicas de profesionales y técnicos de la Unidad de Toxicología Experimental. Métodos: se realizó una investigación de desarrollo con enfoque cualitativo en la Unidad de Toxicología Experimental de la Universidad de Ciencias Médicas de Villa Clara, en el período comprendido entre mayo 2016 a diciembre 2018. Se utilizaron métodos teóricos para la fundamentación de la investigación y empíricos: revisión documental, encuesta en forma de cuestionario y entrevista. Un grupo nominal diseñó las acciones de capacitación, las cuales fueron valoradas por expertos. Resultados: en la etapa diagnóstica se identificaron las necesidades de aprendizaje de profesionales y técnicos. Se diseñaron las acciones capacitadoras estructuradas en ocho cursos, un entrenamiento, un curso virtual y un diplomado. Conclusiones: las acciones fueron valoradas por expertos como útiles, pertinentes y factibles de ser aplicadas y se implementaron de forma ordenada con resultados positivos. Se consideraron novedosos el diplomado y la confección de manuales como apoyo a la docencia.


ABSTRACT Background: a project was developed for the continuous improvement of the human resources of the Experimental Toxicology Unit, whose main task was the design of training actions for the Work competence with laboratory animals in biomedical research, in correspondence with the need for training of professionals and technicians in animal experimentation. Objective: to implement training actions on experimentation with laboratory animals to increase the competence in biomedical research of professionals and technicians of the Experimental Toxicology Unit. Methods: a development research with a qualitative approach was carried out in the Experimental Toxicology Unit of Villa Clara University of Medical Sciences, from May 2016 to December 2018. Theoretical methods were used for the foundation of the research and empirical ones: documentary review, questionnaire survey and interview. A nominal group designed the training actions, which were valued by experts. Results: in the diagnostic stage the learning needs of professionals and technicians were identified. Structured training actions were designed in eight courses, a training, a virtual and a diploma course. Conclusions: the actions were evaluated by experts as useful, relevant and feasible to be applied and they were implemented in an orderly manner with positive results. The diploma course and the preparation of manuals as teaching support were considered innovative.


Assuntos
Projetos de Pesquisa , Ciência , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Programas de Pós-Graduação em Saúde , Recursos em Saúde
15.
Farm Hosp ; 44(7): 11-16, 2020 06 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533662

RESUMO

The purpose of this article is to report the experience of the Department of Hospital Pharmacy of a mid-size hospital during the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic. The human and material resources available in a mid-size hospital were more limited than in larger hospitals of the region. In this article, we describe how this Department of Hospital Pharmacy was reorganized to meet the increase in activity, the strategies developed and the  lessons learned for future pandemics. The COVID-19 pandemic had a higher  impact in Leganes, a city in the south of Madrid, with a population of 190,000.  In the face of the dramatic increase in the proportion of patients attending our  hospital between March and April 2020, the Severo Ochoa University Hospital  increased the number of beds by 24.5% and fitted out new premises inside and  outside the hospital (sports centers). The mean number of patients seen in our  Emergency Department every day passed from 70-80 to a peak of 286 patients, with 652 hospitalized patients. The situation of emergency created by  this infectious disease, with management protocols changing constantly, had a  dramatic impact on the activity of hospital pharmacies. Thus, the pandemic has  affected areas of economic management, magistral preparation, dispensing of  medication to inpatients, ambulatory patients, patients monitored at home,  institutionalized patients, and patients from private hospitals and field hospitals.  Other areas affected include training, clinical trials, pharmacovigilance, and  counseling boards. Two strategies were adopted to overcome these problems: a  strategy centered on human resources (staff reinforcement, reallocation of  responsibilities), and a strategy centered on processes (some processes were  reinforced to meet the increase in activity, whereas other were temporarily suspended or reduced to the minimum).Conclusions: The Department of Hospital Pharmacy plays a key role  in hospitals and has been significantly reinforced to meet the dramatic impact of  the pandemic on this service. This Department has been able to reorganize its  processes and take over new responsibilities such as telepharmacy and home  dispensing. Hospital pharmacies play a crucial role in  pharmacotherapeutic decisions in hospitals. As in other Departments, training is  the area more significantly affected by the pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias , Serviço de Farmácia Hospitalar/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Planejamento em Desastres , Composição de Medicamentos , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Previsões , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Número de Leitos em Hospital , Hospitais Universitários/organização & administração , Hospitais Urbanos/organização & administração , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistemas de Medicação no Hospital/organização & administração , Espanha , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal
16.
South Med J ; 113(6): 275-280, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32483636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Faculty development programs (FDPs) foster learning communities and enhance professional identity formation for medical educators. Competency-based frameworks for faculty development drive skill development across clinical practice, teaching, and scholarship domains. The aims of this study are to outline the context, content, and evolution of a novel FDP; map the individual conferences that make up the FDP to established faculty development competencies; identify steps to implement similar programming; and demonstrate outcomes to date. METHODS: The FDP consists of four, 1-hour-long conferences held weekly on a rotating basis since 2007 at the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine: Academy of Master Educators, Medical Education Research, Medical Education Journal Club, and Medical Education Research Methods and Innovative Design conference. Authors outline the relation of each of these four conferences to faculty development competencies and describe early outcomes for each conference over four consecutive academic years from 2014 to 2018. Participants include attendees and presenters in four consecutive academic years from 2014 to 2018. RESULTS: The well-attended FDP meets all established competencies for educator faculty. Presenters and attendees were diverse in terms of academic rank and represented a breadth of clinical and basic science specialties. CONCLUSIONS: This integrated FDP fosters a community of medical educators and develops faculty skills across established medical educator competencies.


Assuntos
Docentes de Medicina/educação , Competência Profissional , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal/métodos , Humanos , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
17.
J Dent Educ ; 84(9): 974-982, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488901

RESUMO

PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: While the Commission on Dental Accreditation (CODA) requires programs to conduct faculty development, implementation of faculty development activities vary widely. Faculty development programs can enhance teaching, research, and leadership skills needed to transition from clinical practice to teaching. In 2012, the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) funded 6 institutions to plan, develop, and operate programs for training oral healthcare providers who plan to teach in general, pediatric, public health dentistry, or dental hygiene. This performance study examines the results of the dental faculty development programs. METHODS: After the 5-year grant program (2012-2017), we used descriptive analysis to examine annual performance data including trainee demographics, faculty development activities, post-completion intentions, and course development activities. RESULTS: Nearly 300 trainees participated across 6 funded grantees; the majority were female, aged 30-49 years, and non-Hispanic White. For those who completed, 80% intended to teach. Common faculty development activities included community-based training, curriculum enhancements, Web-based training, and interprofessional education methods. Faculty development modalities included faculty seminars, Master's degrees, and mentoring. Pipeline activities, online resources, and continuing education supported dental students and providers moving into academics. CONCLUSIONS: Faculty development better prepares individuals to compete in academic environments and develop faculty. Community-based programs may utilize faculty development to recruit community preceptors and achieve calibration. HRSA investment in faculty development programs builds resources and infrastructure to promote continuing engagement in clinical education, research, and administrative skills. Future research is needed to establish the impact of faculty development initiatives on practice change and patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Docentes de Odontologia , Desenvolvimento de Pessoal , Adulto , Criança , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Liderança , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Estados Unidos , United States Health Resources and Services Administration
18.
Washington, D.C.; PAHO; 2020-06. (CE166/15).
Não convencional em Inglês, Espanhol, Francês | PAHO-IRIS | ID: phr-52360
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