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1.
N Engl J Med ; 383(14): 1328-1339, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32997907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of the anti-programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) monoclonal antibody atezolizumab, as compared with those of platinum-based chemotherapy, as first-line treatment for patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with PD-L1 expression are not known. METHODS: We conducted a randomized, open-label, phase 3 trial involving patients with metastatic nonsquamous or squamous NSCLC who had not previously received chemotherapy and who had PD-L1 expression on at least 1% of tumor cells or at least 1% of tumor-infiltrating immune cells as assessed by the SP142 immunohistochemical assay. Patients were assigned in a 1:1 ratio to receive atezolizumab or chemotherapy. Overall survival (primary end point) was tested hierarchically according to PD-L1 expression status among patients in the intention-to-treat population whose tumors were wild-type with respect to EGFR mutations or ALK translocations. Within the population with EGFR and ALK wild-type tumors, overall survival and progression-free survival were also prospectively assessed in subgroups defined according to findings on two PD-L1 assays as well as by blood-based tumor mutational burden. RESULTS: Overall, 572 patients were enrolled. In the subgroup of patients with EGFR and ALK wild-type tumors who had the highest expression of PD-L1 (205 patients), the median overall survival was longer by 7.1 months in the atezolizumab group than in the chemotherapy group (20.2 months vs. 13.1 months; hazard ratio for death, 0.59; P = 0.01). Among all the patients who could be evaluated for safety, adverse events occurred in 90.2% of the patients in the atezolizumab group and in 94.7% of those in the chemotherapy group; grade 3 or 4 adverse events occurred in 30.1% and 52.5% of the patients in the respective groups. Overall and progression-free survival favored atezolizumab in the subgroups with a high blood-based tumor mutational burden. CONCLUSIONS: Atezolizumab treatment resulted in significantly longer overall survival than platinum-based chemotherapy among patients with NSCLC with high PD-L1 expression, regardless of histologic type. (Funded by F. Hoffmann-La Roche/Genentech; IMpower110 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02409342.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Análise de Sobrevida
2.
N Engl J Med ; 383(13): 1218-1230, 2020 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945632

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Platinum-based chemotherapy is standard-of-care first-line treatment for advanced urothelial carcinoma. However, progression-free survival and overall survival are limited by chemotherapy resistance. METHODS: In a phase 3 trial, we randomly assigned patients with unresectable locally advanced or metastatic urothelial cancer who did not have disease progression with first-line chemotherapy (four to six cycles of gemcitabine plus cisplatin or carboplatin) to receive best supportive care with or without maintenance avelumab. The primary end point was overall survival, assessed among all patients who underwent randomization (overall population) and among those with tumors positive for programmed cell death ligand 1 (PD-L1). Secondary end points included progression-free survival and safety. RESULTS: Among all 700 patients who underwent randomization, the addition of maintenance avelumab to best supportive care significantly prolonged overall survival as compared with best supportive care alone (control). Overall survival at 1 year was 71.3% in the avelumab group and 58.4% in the control group (median overall survival, 21.4 months vs. 14.3 months; hazard ratio for death, 0.69; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.86; P = 0.001). Avelumab also significantly prolonged overall survival in the PD-L1-positive population; overall survival at 1 year was 79.1% in the avelumab group and 60.4% in the control group (hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.79; P<0.001). The median progression-free survival was 3.7 months in the avelumab group and 2.0 months in the control group in the overall population (hazard ratio for disease progression or death, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.52 to 0.75) and 5.7 months and 2.1 months, respectively, in the PD-L1-positive population (hazard ratio, 0.56; 95% CI, 0.43 to 0.73). The incidence of adverse events from any cause was 98.0% in the avelumab group and 77.7% in the control group; the incidence of adverse events of grade 3 or higher was 47.4% and 25.2%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Maintenance avelumab plus best supportive care significantly prolonged overall survival, as compared with best supportive care alone, among patients with urothelial cancer who had disease that had not progressed with first-line chemotherapy. (Funded by Pfizer and Merck [Darmstadt, Germany]; JAVELIN Bladder 100 ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02603432.).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Análise de Sobrevida , Neoplasias Urológicas/mortalidade , Urotélio
3.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(9): 654-659, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32889836

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: By using the Korean Pancreatic Cancer (K-PaC) registry, we compared the clinical outcomes of FOLFIRINOX (FFX) and gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GNP) in patients with metastatic pancreatic cancer (MPC). METHODS: We constructed a web-based database of 3748 anonymized patients diagnosed with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. MPC patients who received first-line FFX or GNP were enrolled. Overall survival (OS), progression-free survival, grade III to IV toxicity, and cross-over treatment were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 413 patients (232 vs. 181, FFX vs. GNP; all data are presented in this sequence) were eligible. Median age was 63 years (60 vs. 69 y) with 43% (39% vs. 47%) comprising female individuals. The major metastatic sites were the liver (64%), peritoneum (25%), and distant lymph nodes (18%). The median OS was 11.5 versus 12.7 months (hazard ratio [HR]=0.87, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-1.12, P=0.286), and median progression-free survival was 7.5 versus 8.1 months (HR=0.92, 95% CI: 0.70-1.20, P=0.517), respectively. The frequency of grade III to IV febrile neutropenia was higher in the FFX group (18% vs. 11%, P=0.040), and that of peripheral neuropathy was higher in the GNP group (8% vs. 14%, P=0.046). The chance to receive second-line chemotherapy was higher in the GNP group (45% vs. 56%, P=0.036). In the cross-over treatment, the median OS of the FFX-GNP group (n=43) and the GNP-FFX group (n=47) was 16.8 versus 17.7 months (HR=0.79, 95% CI: 0.44-1.41, P=0.425). CONCLUSIONS: FFX and GNP showed similar efficacy and comparable toxicity in MPC patients. Although the GNP group had a higher chance to receive second-line chemotherapy, they did not have improved overall survival.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Idoso , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/secundário , Estudos Cross-Over , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neutropenia Febril/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Fluoruracila/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Irinotecano/efeitos adversos , Irinotecano/uso terapêutico , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Leucovorina/uso terapêutico , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oxaliplatina/efeitos adversos , Oxaliplatina/uso terapêutico , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/induzido quimicamente , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Sistema de Registros , República da Coreia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5765-5776, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988904

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We evaluated the safety, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of Wilms tumor gene 1 (WT1) peptide and Mucin 1 (MUC1)-pulsed dendritic cell (DC) (WT1/MUC1-DC) vaccination as an adjuvant immunotherapy for surgically resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients were administered WT1/MUC1-DC vaccination at least seven times every 2 weeks with concomitant adjuvant chemotherapy after surgical resection of PDA. RESULTS: Ten patients were enrolled and no Grade 2 or higher toxicities were associated with DC vaccination. The estimated overall survival (OS) and relapse-free survival (RFS) at 3-years from the time of surgical resection were 77.8% and 35.0%, respectively. Immunohistochemical analysis suggested a possible relationship between induction of WT1-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte after DC vaccination and higher infiltration of CD3/CD4/CD8 lymphocytes in tumor tissues. CONCLUSION: WT1/MUC1-DC vaccination in the adjuvant setting was safe and well-tolerated in PDA patients after tumor resection. A large-scale prospective study is warranted to evaluate the clinical benefit of this modality.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Mucina-1/genética , Proteínas WT1/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Vacinas Anticâncer/administração & dosagem , Vacinas Anticâncer/imunologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/genética , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Células Dendríticas/imunologia , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucina-1/uso terapêutico , Proteínas WT1/uso terapêutico
5.
AAPS PharmSciTech ; 21(6): 231, 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778980

RESUMO

The classically used nontargeted chemotherapeutic approach to pancreatic cancer has a dual drawback of suboptimal drug delivery at the target site and the systemic side effects produced by the unfettered exposure of the drug to healthy tissue. This study has the objective of developing novel poly(2-ethyl-2-oxazoline) (PETOX)-based long circulating liposomes loaded with gemcitabine and irinotecan for the treatment of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma, with a juxtaposition to PEGylated and uncoated liposomes. A PETOX-cholesteryl chloroformate lipopolymer conjugate (PETOX-ChC) with a carbonate linkage was prepared and characterized by 1H NMR, FTIR, and DSC. Liposomes were prepared using the thin film hydration technique followed by freeze-thaw and membrane extrusion methods. Liposome characterization includes particle size determination, zeta potential determination using a zetameter, and structural elucidation using 31P NMR and cryo-TEM. The PETOXylated liposomes showed a particle size of 180.1 ± 2.2 nm and a zeta potential of - 33.63 ± 1.23 mV. The liposomal combination therapy of gemcitabine and irinotecan was found to have an IC50 value 39 times lower in comparison to the drug combination in solution, while the PEGylated and PETOXylated liposomes showed IC50 values 1.6 times lower and 2 times lower than that of uncoated liposomes, respectively, against Mia PaCa II pancreatic cancer cell line. The PEGylated and PETOXylated liposomes showed 4.1 and 5.4 times slower macrophagial uptake in vitro in comparison to the uncoated liposomes respectively. The PEGylated liposomes showed 11% higher in vitro macrophagial uptake in comparison to PETOXylated liposomes.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Lipossomos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Tamanho da Partícula , Polietilenoglicóis/química
6.
Bull Cancer ; 107(5S): eS1-eS7, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620210

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The standard treatment in first line of advanced or metastatic urothelial bladder cancer (MBC) is the association of Gemcitabine and Cisplatin (GC). Avelumab, an anti-PD-L1 agent, has recently demonstrated efficacy. The objective is to evaluate the combination of these 3 agents. METHODS: This phase II randomized open-label study, evaluated if GC-avelumab increases response rate and duration of response of patients in 1st line treatment for MBC compared to GC. Severe toxicities should not overlap and be acceptable. The two co-primary end points are the objective response rate and the incidence of severe toxicity after six cycles of treatment. The study will recruit 90 participants, randomized in two arms (1:2), GC (gemcitabine 1 000 mg/m2/j, J1,J8, Cisplatine 70 mg/m2, J1 = J21), and GC-avelumab (10 mg/Kg/3 semaines). Randomization will be stratified on Karnofsky status (≥ 80 % vs. < 80 %) and visceral vs non visceral metastases. The duration of the inclusion period is 24 months, with a duration of participation of each patient of 18 months and a total study duration of 42 months. DISCUSSION: If both efficacy and safety of the association of GC+avelumab are in the range of acceptable through this specific study design, this will support a subsequent randomized phase III study comparing both arms with an overall survival end-point. In addition, the evaluation of predictive parameters to be confirmed (e.g. the impact of tumor PD-L1 expression) or other immunological parameters, may support a selection of the population. NCT number : NCT03324282.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto/métodos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estudos Prospectivos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
7.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(7): 929-936, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32612058

RESUMO

Cisplatin therapy induces kidney injury as a side effect. Thus, replacement fluid must be administered to prevent kidney injury. In our hospital, we use a Gemcitabine and Cisplatin combination chemotherapy (GC) at a total volume of approximately 500 mL for biliary tract cancer. We investigated the safety of GC with a small amount of replacement fluid. As a result, no serious adverse events and renal injury occurred that required discontinuation of treatment. The median overall survival time was 260 d (95% confidence interval, 154-367 d). This study suggests that GC with a small amount of replacement fluid could be performed tolerability. But we need to be careful about choosing patients such as patients who can drink 1 L orally and patients who can be treated as outpatients.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/prevenção & controle , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Sistema Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Hidratação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Oncology ; 98(9): 612-620, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32485713

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Conventional first-line chemotherapy for patients with metastatic urothelial carcinoma (UC) is gemcitabine and cisplatin (GC). However, cisplatin can cause renal failure, necessitating abundant fluid replacement and hospitalization during treatment. Recent evidence exists for short hydration methods in cisplatin-based chemotherapy. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to analyze the efficacy of newly established modified short hydration GC (m-shGC) therapy in patients with UC. METHODS: From May 2017 to March 2019, 48 patients with UC who received m-shGC therapy were treated with 1,000 mg/m2 gemcitabine on days 1, 8, and 15, and 70 mg/m2 cisplatin and 2,000 mL fluid replacement on day 1, in each 28-day cycle. We retrospectively evaluated renal function, serum electrolyte abnormalities, and adverse events (AEs) following treatment, and retrospectively compared patients under m-shGC therapy with those under conventional GC (c-GC) therapy from 2015 to 2017. In addition, from April 2019 to August 2019 in a prospective analysis, 15 patients were newly enrolled, and AE profiles and physical activity during m-shGC therapy were quantified using a wearable tracker. RESULTS: In a retrospective analysis of 101 patients (53 c-GC and 48 m-shGC), patient characteristics were not statistically significant between the two groups. Myelosuppression, including predominant neutropenia and decreased platelets, fatigue, nausea, and constipation were the main common AEs. However, renal function and serum sodium levels in the m-shGC group remained unchanged. Grade 3-4 AEs were not more severe in the m-shGC compared with the c-GC group. Furthermore, in a prospective analysis using a wearable tracker, the amount of walking by patients on day 1 significantly declined. However, immediate recovery occurred reflecting the short hydration. CONCLUSION: Our m-shGC therapy has an acceptable AE profile compared with conventional therapy, with UC patients showing good physical activity.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Hidratação/métodos , Nefropatias/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Coortes , Creatinina/sangue , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Humanos , Hiponatremia/sangue , Hiponatremia/induzido quimicamente , Nefropatias/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sódio/sangue , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/sangue , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Urológicas/sangue
9.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(7): 957-968, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: High-grade serous ovarian cancers show increased replication stress, rendering cells vulnerable to ATR inhibition because of near universal loss of the G1/S checkpoint (through deleterious TP53 mutations), premature S phase entry (due to CCNE1 amplification, RB1 loss, or CDKN2A mRNA downregulation), alterations of homologous recombination repair genes, and expression of oncogenic drivers (through MYC amplification and other mechanisms). We hypothesised that the combination of the selective ATR inhibitor, berzosertib, and gemcitabine could show acceptable toxicity and superior efficacy to gemcitabine alone in high-grade serous ovarian cancer. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, randomised, phase 2 study, 11 different centres in the US Experimental Therapeutics Clinical Trials Network enrolled women (aged ≥18 years) with recurrent, platinum-resistant high-grade serous ovarian cancer (determined histologically) and Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1, who had unlimited previous lines of cytotoxic therapy in the platinum-sensitive setting but no more than one line of cytotoxic therapy in the platinum-resistant setting. Eligible patients were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive intravenous gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2) on day 1 and day 8, or gemcitabine plus intravenous berzosertib (210 mg/m2) on day 2 and day 9 of a 21-day cycle until disease progression or intolerable toxicity. Randomisation was done centrally using the Theradex Interactive Web Response System, stratified by platinum-free interval, and with a permuted block size of six. Following central randomisation, patients and investigators were not masked to treatment assignment. The primary endpoint was investigator-assessed progression-free survival, and analyses included all patients who received at least one dose of the study drugs. The study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02595892, and is active but closed to enrolment. FINDINGS: Between Feb 14, 2017, and Sept 7, 2018, 88 patients were assessed for eligibility, of whom 70 were randomly assigned to treatment with gemcitabine alone (36 patients) or gemcitabine plus berzosertib (34 patients). At the data cutoff date (Feb 21, 2020), the median follow-up was 53·2 weeks (25·6-81·8) in the gemcitabine plus berzosertib group and 43·0 weeks (IQR 23·2-69·1) in the gemcitabine alone group. Median progression-free survival was 22·9 weeks (17·9-72·0) for gemcitabine plus berzosertib and 14·7 weeks (90% CI 9·7-36·7) for gemcitabine alone (hazard ratio 0·57, 90% CI 0·33-0·98; one-sided log-rank test p=0·044). The most common treatment-related grade 3 or 4 adverse events were decreased neutrophil count (14 [39%] of 36 patients in the gemcitabine alone group vs 16 [47%] of 34 patients in the gemcitabine plus berzosertib group) and decreased platelet count (two [6%] vs eight [24%]). Serious adverse events were observed in ten (28%) patients in the gemcitabine alone group and nine (26%) patients in the gemcitabine plus berzosertib group. There was one treatment-related death in the gemcitabine alone group due to sepsis and one treatment-related death in the gemcitabine plus berzosertib group due to pneumonitis. INTERPRETATION: To our knowledge, this is the first randomised study of an ATR inhibitor in any tumour type. This study shows a benefit of adding berzosertib to gemcitabine in platinum-resistant high-grade serous ovarian cancer. This combination warrants further investigation in this setting. FUNDING: US National Cancer Institute.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/tratamento farmacológico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Terapia de Salvação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cistadenocarcinoma Seroso/patologia , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Isoxazóis/administração & dosagem , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Platina/farmacologia , Pirazinas/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(3): 450-456, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32378193

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of pulmonary metastases on chest computed tomography (CT) in patients with locally advanced pancreatic cancer (LAPC). METHODS: All patients diagnosed with LAPC in a single tertiary center (Erasmus MC) between October 2011 and December 2017 were reviewed. The staging chest CT scan and follow-up chest CT scans were evaluated. Pulmonary nodules were divided into three categories: apparent benign, too small to characterize, and apparent malignant. RESULTS: In 124 consecutive patients diagnosed with LAPC, 119 (96%) patients underwent a staging chest CT scan at the initial presentation. In 88 (74%) patients no pulmonary nodules were found; in 16 (13%) patients an apparent benign pulmonary nodule was found, and in 15 (13%) patients a pulmonary nodule too small to characterize was found. Follow-up chest CT scan(s) were performed in 111 (93%) patients. In one patient with either no pulmonary nodule or an apparent benign pulmonary nodule at initial staging, an apparent malignant pulmonary nodule was found on a follow-up chest CT scan. However, a biopsy of the nodule was inconclusive. Of 15 patients in whom a pulmonary nodule too small to characterize was found at staging, 12 (80%) patients underwent a follow-up CT scan; in 4 (33%) of these patients, an apparent malignant pulmonary nodule was found. CONCLUSION: In patients with LAPC in whom at diagnosis a chest CT scan revealed either no pulmonary nodules or apparent benign pulmonary nodules, routine follow-up chest CT scans is not recommended. Patients with pulmonary nodules too small to characterize are at risk to develop apparent malignant pulmonary nodules during follow-up.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/secundário , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/diagnóstico por imagem , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/secundário , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Idoso , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Irinotecano/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/radioterapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/tratamento farmacológico , Nódulos Pulmonares Múltiplos/radioterapia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Oxaliplatina/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/radioterapia , Radiocirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(9): 2369-2378, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32363479

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although several trials have confirmed the treatment efficacy of induction chemotherapy followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from endemic area of China, little is known about the best regime for induction chemotherapy in non-endemic region. This study compared the treatment effect of Gemcitabine and cisplatin (GP) versus docetaxel and cisplatin (TP) followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy in locoregionally advanced NPC from non-endemic area of China. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 196 locoregionally advanced NPC patients were enrolled in this study, with 142 and 54 patients in TP and GP followed by concurrent chemoradiotherapy groups. The primary endpoint was treatment response of induction chemotherapy. The secondary endpoints included disease-free survival. The Kaplan-Meier method was used to evaluate the efficacy between treatment groups. RESULTS: The median follow-up time was 45.5 months (range: 6-60.5 months). During induction chemotherapy course, GP contributed higher treatment response rate than TP (68.1% vs. 47.1%, p = 0.007). Patients in GP group had better DFS and LRFS than those in TP group (3-year and 5-year DFS, 86.8% and 82.5% vs. 71.7% and 68%, p = 0.036; 3-year and 5-year LRFS, 96.2% and 96.2% vs. 90.5% and 82.8%, p = 0.03). No significant difference of adverse events was observed between two treatment groups in the whole course. CONCLUSION: This study suggested that GP followed by CCRT was better than TP followed by CCRT in improving survival outcomes of locoregionally advanced NPC patients from non-endemic area of China.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , China , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(7): e28370, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32386107

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The combination of gemcitabine and docetaxel is often used to treat patients with recurrent sarcoma. Nab-paclitaxel is a taxane modified to improve drug exposure and increase intratumoral accumulation and, in combination with gemcitabine, is standard therapy for pancreatic cancer. Applying the dosages and schedule used for pancreatic cancer, we performed a phase II trial to assess the response rate of gemcitabine and nab-paclitaxel in patients with relapsed Ewing sarcoma. PROCEDURE: Using a Simon's two-stage design to identify a response rate of ≥ 35%, patients received nab-paclitaxel 125 mg/m2 followed by gemcitabine 1000 mg/m2 i.v. on days 1, 8, and 15 of four-week cycles. Immunohistochemical analysis of archival tissue was performed to identify possible biomarkers of response. RESULTS: Eleven patients from four institutions enrolled, with a median age of 22 years (range, 14-27). Patients were heavily pretreated (median 3 prior regimens, range, 1-7). Thirty-five cycles were administered (median 2, range, 1-8). Accrual was stopped after 11 patients, due to only one confirmed partial response. Two other patients had partial responses after two cycles, but withdrew because of adverse effects or progression before confirmation of continued response. The predominant toxicity was myelosuppression, and four (36%) patients were removed due to hematologic toxicity despite pegfilgrastim and dose reductions. Expression of secreted protein, acidic and rich in cysteine (SPARC) and CAV-1 in archival tumors was not predictive of clinical benefit in this small cohort of patients. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with heavily pretreated Ewing sarcoma, the confirmed response rate of 9% was similar to multi-institutional studies of gemcitabine and docetaxel.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Sarcoma de Ewing/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Criança , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Prognóstico , Sarcoma de Ewing/patologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Cancer Sci ; 111(6): 1933-1942, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32277531

RESUMO

Combination antiprogrammed death 1/programmed death-ligand 1 Ab and platinum-based chemotherapy is standard first-line treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer without targetable oncogene alterations. We describe the long-term safety and efficacy data from a previously reported phase Ib study of nivolumab and chemotherapy. Japanese patients with non-small-cell lung cancer were assigned to a treatment arm based on histology and treatment history. Nivolumab (10 mg/kg, i.v.) and chemotherapy (4 arms) were given every 3 weeks: arm A, 4 cycles of cisplatin and gemcitabine (first-line); arm B, 4 cycles of cisplatin and pemetrexed followed by pemetrexed maintenance therapy (first-line); arm C, 4-6 cycles of carboplatin, paclitaxel, and bevacizumab followed by bevacizumab (first-line); and arm D, docetaxel (second- or third-line). Study treatments were continued every 3 weeks as maintenance therapy until disease progression. Minimum follow-up period was 57.9 months. Median progression-free survival (median [range, plus sign indicates censored data]) was 6.3 (0.7+-47.8), 11.8 (1.4-65.1+), 40.7 (5.3-60.8+), and 3.2 (1.9-10.9) months, and 5-year progression-free survival was observed in 0/6, 1/6, 1/6, and 0/6 patients in arms A, B, C, and D, respectively. Median overall survival was 13.2 (11.0-55.4), 28.5 (14.6-66.2+), not reached (24.2-67.4+), and 12.5 (9.8-16.9) months; the number of patients surviving 5 years were 0/6, 1/6, 4/6, and 0/6 in arms A, B, C, and D, respectively. No unexpected severe adverse events or treatment-related deaths occurred. Nivolumab and platinum-based chemotherapy combinations showed long-term tolerability. A moderate proportion of patients in arm C showed 5-year progression-free and overall survival.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Bevacizumab/administração & dosagem , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Cisplatino/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/efeitos adversos , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Docetaxel/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Pemetrexede/administração & dosagem , Pemetrexede/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Am J Clin Oncol ; 43(6): 422-427, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Gemcitabine plus cisplatin (GC) is recommended as first-line treatment for advanced cholangiocarcinoma. We investigated the impact of GC in patients with unresectable hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC) based on the time taken for effective biliary drainage (EBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 113 patients with unresectable HC. Thirty-nine and 74 patients received GC chemotherapy and best supportive care (BSC), respectively. EBD was defined as a reduction in total bilirubin >50% or to a value <2 mg/dL after the drainage procedure. Early EBD (eEBD) and delayed EBD (dEBD) were separated by 2 weeks. Overall survival (OS) was estimated. RESULTS: The GC group showed a significantly longer median OS than the BSC group (12.8 vs. 6.1 mo; P<0.001). Moreover, the eEBD group experienced a significantly longer OS than the dEBD group (8.2 vs. 4.3 mo; P<0.001). GC led to improved OS in the eEBD (12.8 vs. 6.8 mo; P=0.003) and dEBD (12.2 vs. 3.4 mo; P=0.009) groups. In multivariate analysis, dEBD (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.785; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.183-2.691; P=0.006), BSC (aHR, 2.409; 95% CI, 1.579-3.675; P<0.001), and an ECOG status ≥2 (aHR, 3.721; 95% CI, 2.093-6.615; P<0.001) were associated with poor prognosis. In GC group, the older (70 y and above) patients did not have a higher risk of death than younger patients. CONCLUSIONS: GC prolongs the survival of patients with unresectable HC, even those with dEBD or elderly.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/mortalidade , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Tumor de Klatskin/tratamento farmacológico , Tumor de Klatskin/mortalidade , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/patologia , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/terapia , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/patologia , Tumor de Klatskin/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo
15.
J Urol ; 204(2): 247-253, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118506

RESUMO

PURPOSE: For patients with bacillus Calmette-Guérin unresponsive or recurrent/relapsing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer, multi-agent intravesical trials have been limited. In this study we investigate the safety of intravesical cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin in the salvage setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a dose escalation, drug escalation trial for patients with bacillus Calmette-Guérin unresponsive or recurrent/relapsing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer who declined or were ineligible for radical cystectomy. All patients underwent a 6-week induction regimen of sequentially administered cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin. Complete response was defined as no cancer on post-induction transurethral bladder tumor resection and negative urine cytology, while partial response allowed for positive cytology. Responders continued with maintenance cabazitaxel and gemcitabine monthly for the first year and bimonthly for the second year. RESULTS: A total of 18 patients were enrolled. Mean age was 71 years, median followup was 27.8 months (range 16.3 to 46.9) and mean number of previous rounds of intravesical therapies before trial enrollment was 3.7. Nine patients (50%) had received intravesical chemotherapy after bacillus Calmette-Guérin and 7 (39%) were previously treated in a phase I clinical trial setting. At enrollment 6 (33%) subjects had T1 disease and 13 (72%) had carcinoma in situ. There were no dose limiting toxicities. Initial partial and complete response rates were 94% and 89%, respectively. At 1 year recurrence-free survival was 0.83 (range 0.57 to 0.94) and at 2 years estimated recurrence-free survival was 0.64 (0.32 to 0.84). CONCLUSIONS: In this high risk and highly pretreated cohort of bacillus Calmette-Guérin unresponsive or recurrent/relapsing nonmuscle invasive bladder cancer cases combination intravesical cabazitaxel, gemcitabine and cisplatin was a well tolerated and potentially effective regimen.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravesical , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Vacina BCG/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/patologia , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia
16.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(5): 1335-1341, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32144536

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Elderly patients with cancer are often at risk for undertreatment because of frailty, an aging-specific problem. However, current real-world conditions of recurrent ovarian cancer treatment in elderly patients remain unclear. This study aimed to clarify treatment patterns in elderly patients with recurrent ovarian cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We used an ovarian cancer database containing the diagnosis and initial therapy of all patients at the National Cancer Center Hospital in Japan from 2007 to 2014. Patients were stratified into the platinum-sensitive group and the platinum-resistant group. We retrospectively assessed chemotherapy use in patients aged ≤ 64, 65-69, 70-74, 75-79, and ≥ 80 years. RESULTS: Among 253 patients (sensitive group: 135; resistant group: 118), by age group 91%, 95%, 100%, 100%, and 100% received chemotherapy in the sensitive group, and 79%, 67%, 50%, 29%, 0% received chemotherapy in the resistant group, respectively. In the resistant group, the percentage of patients aged 70-74 or 75-79 years who received chemotherapy was significantly lower than the percentage among patients aged ≤ 64 years, respectively (p = 0.01, p = 0.01). In multivariate analysis, age ≥ 70 years (odds ratio [OR], 4.412; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.628-11.959; p = 0.004) and platinum-free interval < 3 months (OR, 3.434; 95% CI, 1.401-8.399; p = 0.007) were inversely associated with chemotherapy use. CONCLUSIONS: Doctors and patients did not consider chemotherapy in patients aged ≥ 70 years with platinum-resistant disease. Older age was independently and inversely associated with chemotherapy use in platinum-resistant ovarian cancer. Our results highlight the importance of demographic information in clinical decision-making for elderly patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Epitelial do Ovário/tratamento farmacológico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Ovarianas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Compostos Organoplatínicos/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Taxa de Sobrevida
17.
Lancet ; 395(10232): 1268-1277, 2020 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32145825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Urothelial carcinomas of the upper urinary tract (UTUCs) are rare, with poorer stage-for-stage prognosis than urothelial carcinomas of the urinary bladder. No international consensus exists on the benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with UTUCs after nephroureterectomy with curative intent. The POUT (Peri-Operative chemotherapy versus sUrveillance in upper Tract urothelial cancer) trial aimed to assess the efficacy of systemic platinum-based chemotherapy in patients with UTUCs. METHODS: We did a phase 3, open-label, randomised controlled trial at 71 hospitals in the UK. We recruited patients with UTUC after nephroureterectomy staged as either pT2-T4 pN0-N3 M0 or pTany N1-3 M0. We randomly allocated participants centrally (1:1) to either surveillance or four 21-day cycles of chemotherapy, using a minimisation algorithm with a random element. Chemotherapy was either cisplatin (70 mg/m2) or carboplatin (area under the curve [AUC]4·5/AUC5, for glomerular filtration rate <50 mL/min only) administered intravenously on day 1 and gemcitabine (1000 mg/m2) administered intravenously on days 1 and 8; chemotherapy was initiated within 90 days of surgery. Follow-up included standard cystoscopic, radiological, and clinical assessments. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival analysed by intention to treat with a Peto-Haybittle stopping rule for (in)efficacy. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01993979. A preplanned interim analysis met the efficacy criterion for early closure after recruitment of 261 participants. FINDINGS: Between June 19, 2012, and Nov 8, 2017, we enrolled 261 participants from 57 of 71 open study sites. 132 patients were assigned chemotherapy and 129 surveillance. One participant allocated chemotherapy withdrew consent for data use after randomisation and was excluded from analyses. Adjuvant chemotherapy significantly improved disease-free survival (hazard ratio 0·45, 95% CI 0·30-0·68; p=0·0001) at a median follow-up of 30·3 months (IQR 18·0-47·5). 3-year event-free estimates were 71% (95% CI 61-78) and 46% (36-56) for chemotherapy and surveillance, respectively. 55 (44%) of 126 participants who started chemotherapy had acute grade 3 or worse treatment-emergent adverse events, which accorded with frequently reported events for the chemotherapy regimen. Five (4%) of 129 patients managed by surveillance had acute grade 3 or worse emergent adverse events. No treatment-related deaths were reported. INTERPRETATION: Gemcitabine-platinum combination chemotherapy initiated within 90 days after nephroureterectomy significantly improved disease-free survival in patients with locally advanced UTUC. Adjuvant platinum-based chemotherapy should be considered a new standard of care after nephroureterectomy for this patient population. FUNDING: Cancer Research UK.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma de Células de Transição/tratamento farmacológico , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 122, 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32059704

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, complete surgical resection represents the only potentially curative treatment option for Biliary Tract Cancer (BTC) including Gallbladder Cancer (GBC). Even after curative resection, 5-year OS is only 20-40%. Gallbladder carcinoma is relatively rare, but still the fifth most common neoplasm of the digestive tract and even the most frequent cancer of the biliary system. Gallbladder carcinoma is suspected preoperatively in only 30% of all pts., while the majority of cases are discovered incidentally by the pathologist after cholecystectomy for a benign indication. For improving curative rates in BTC and GBC, early systemic therapy combined with radical resection seems to be a promising approach. The earliest moment to apply chemotherapy would be in front of radical surgery. The encouraging results of neoadjuvant/perioperative concepts in other malignancies provide an additional rationale to use this treatment in the early phase of GBC management and even ICC/ECC. Especially because data regarding pure adjuvant chemotherapy in BTC's are conflicting. METHODS: This is a multicenter, randomized, controlled, open-label phase III study including pts. with incidentally discovered GBCs after simple cholecystectomy in front of radical liver resection and pts. with resectable/ borderline resectable cholangiocarcinomas (ICC/ ECC) scheduled to receive perioperative chemotherapy (Gemcitabine + Cisplatin 3 cycles pre- and post-surgery) or surgery alone followed by a therapy of investigator's choice. Primary endpoint is OS; secondary endpoints are PFS, R0-resection rate, toxicity, perioperative morbidity, mortality and QoL. A total of N = 333 patients with GBC or BTC will be included. Recruitment has started in August 2019. DISCUSSION: The current proposed phase III GAIN study investigates whether induction chemotherapy followed by radical resection in ICC/ECC and re-resection in IGBC (and - if possible - postoperative chemotherapy) prolongs overall survival compared to radical surgery alone for incidental gallbladder carcinoma and primary resectable or borderline resectable cholangiocarcinoma. Utilizing a neoadjuvant approach including a second radical surgery will help to raise awareness for the necessity of radical surgery, especially second radical completion surgery in IGBC and improve the adherence to the guidelines. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT03673072 from 17.09.2018. EudraCT number: 2017-004444-38 from 02.11.2017.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/terapia , Hepatectomia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Feminino , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Achados Incidentais , Masculino , Terapia Neoadjuvante , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 155, 2020 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32093649

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gemcitabine/erlotinib treatment offers limited benefit in unselected patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Development of skin rash has been associated with favorable outcomes in patients treated with gemcitabine/erlotinib. This study aimed to extend knowledge on the effectiveness of gemcitabine/erlotinib in metastatic PDAC in the context of clinical practice and with focus on skin rash. METHODS: This multicenter, non-interventional study enrolled 376 patients with metastatic PDAC receiving gemcitabine/erlotinib. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS) in patients with skin rash versus no skin rash. Secondary endpoints included progression-free survival (PFS), treatment satisfaction and safety. All data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Survival time and time to disease progression were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Effectiveness endpoints were analyzed for subgroups by skin rash grade (no rash, rash grade 1, rash grade ≥ 2), duration of erlotinib treatment (≤8 weeks, > 8 weeks), Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status at baseline (0-1, 2) and age (≤65 years, > 65 years). RESULTS: Within the full analysis set (FAS; N = 270), 48 patients (17.8%) developed grade 1 rash, 51 patients (18.9%) grade ≥ 2 rash, while 171 patients (63.3%) did not develop a rash. Median OS of all patients was 9.11 months with an OS of 9.93 months in rash-positive and 8.68 months in rash-negative patients. Median PFS was 5.06 months for rash-positive and 4.11 months for rash-negative patients. PFS was longer in patients with rash grade ≥ 2 and in older patients (> 65 years). Examination using a multivariate Cox proportional model revealed that an age > 65 years was associated with longer OS (hazard ratio 0.640; p = 0.0327) and PFS (hazard ratio 0.642; p = 0.0026). Out of the 338 patients in the SAF, 310 patients (91.7%) experienced at least one AE, and 176 patients (52.1%) experienced skin-related side effects, all of which were CTC grade 1 to 3. CONCLUSIONS: Comparing rash-positive with rash-negative patients showed no significant difference in survival. While patients with rash grade ≥ 2 and older patients (independent of skin reactions) showed longer PFS, this did not translate into prolonged OS. The study did not reveal new safety signals. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01782690, retrospectively registered on 4 February 2013.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Exantema/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/administração & dosagem , Exantema/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Eur Radiol ; 30(5): 2692-2702, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020400

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This prospective trial was performed to verify whether microwave ablation (MWA) in combination with chemotherapy could provide superior survival benefit compared with chemotherapy alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From March 1, 2015, to June 20, 2017, treatment-naïve patients with pathologically verified advanced or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were randomly assigned to MWA plus chemotherapy group or chemotherapy group. The primary endpoint was progression-free survival (PFS), while the secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), time to local progression (TTLP), and objective response rate (ORR). The complications and adverse events were also reported. RESULTS: A total of 293 patients were randomly assigned into the two groups. One hundred forty-eight patients with 117 stage IV tumors were included in the MWA plus chemotherapy group. One hundred forty-five patients with 113 stage IV tumors were included in the chemotherapy group. The median follow-up period was 13.1 months and 12.4 months, respectively. Median PFS was 10.3 months (95% CI 8.0-13.0) in the MWA plus chemotherapy group and 4.9 months (95% CI 4.2-5.7) in the chemotherapy group (HR = 0.44, 95% CI 0.28-0.53; p < 0.0001). Median OS was not reached in the MWA plus chemotherapy group and 12.6 months (95% CI 10.6-14.6) in the chemotherapy group (HR = 0.38, 95% CI 0.27-0.53; p < 0.0001) using Kaplan-Meier analyses with log-rank test. The median TTLP was 24.5 months, and the ORR was 32% in both groups. The adverse event rate was not significantly different in the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In patients with advanced NSCLC, longer PFS and OS can be achieved with the treatment of combined MWA and chemotherapy than chemotherapy alone. KEY POINTS: • Patients treated with MWA plus chemotherapy had superior PFS and OS over those treated with chemotherapy alone. • The ORR of patients treated with MWA plus chemotherapy was similar to that of those treated with chemotherapy alone. • Complications associated with MWA were common but tolerable and manageable.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/terapia , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Micro-Ondas/uso terapêutico , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Ablação por Radiofrequência/métodos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Cisplatino/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada , Desoxicitidina/administração & dosagem , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Docetaxel/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Compostos Organoplatínicos/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Pemetrexede/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vinorelbina/administração & dosagem
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