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1.
Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi ; 56(2): 102-107, 2021 Feb 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33631881

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the short-term clinical efficacy and safety of transvaginal pelvic floor reconstruction with TiLOOP mesh, a titanized polypropylene lightweight mesh. Methods: From November 2017 to July 2019, 50 patients underwent surgery, who were with anterior vaginal prolapse stage Ⅲ-Ⅳ and (or) apical prolapse and posterior vaginal prolapse (stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ); 37 patients underwent self-cut TiLOOP mesh and 13 patients underwent pre-cut mesh-kit procedure. The subjective and objective parameters (including surgical success) of them were evaluated. Results: The mean follow-up time was (18±6) months. The overall surgical success rate was 90% (45/50). Prolapse recurrence rates were isolated anterior 2% (1/50), isolated apical 2% (1/50) and isolated posterior 6% (3/50). None of recurrent patients underwent re-treatment, including either surgery or use of a pessary at last follow-up. According to patient global impression of improvement (PGI-I), 46 patients (92%, 46/50) were very much better, and 4 patients (8%, 4/50) were much better. After the operation, pelvic floor distress inventory-short form 20 (PFDI-20) and pelvic floor impact questionnaire-short form 7 (PFIQ-7) scores were significantly lower than those before operation (all P<0.05); pelvic organ prolapse-urinary incontinence sexual questionnaire 12 (PISQ-12) score was no significant difference before and after operation (P>0.05), but without dyspareunia. The vaginal mesh erosion rate was 12% (6/50) and the stress urinary incontinence was observed in 2 cases (4%, 2/47). Conclusion: Transvaginal pelvic floor reconstruction with TiLOOP mesh is a safe and effective surgery, short-term efficacy is acceptable, how to reduce the mesh erosion still need to be explored.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 46(4): 465-470, oct.-dic. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198733

RESUMO

Presentamos los fundamentos funcionales y reconstructivos en un caso de exenteración pélvica extendida. El propósito es analizar el defecto quirúrgico y los requerimientos reconstructivos, aspectos no suficientemente descritos en la literatura. Se trata de un varón de 62 años, con carcinoma epidermoide perineal de origen uretral (82x117x108 mm) que invadía vejiga, pelvis y fosa pararrectal. El defecto escisional fue reconstruido con un colgajo compuesto dorsal ancho-escapular-paraescapular y una malla bicapa (polipropileno y politetrafluoroetileno extendido). Describimos una reconstrucción multiplanar orientada a 3 requerimientos funcionales definidos: 1.- soporte visceral para evitar la herniación perineal; 2.- colapso del espacio muerto para minimizar el riesgo de infección; y 3.- cobertura cutánea estable en una región exigente. Sin complicaciones postoperatorias en el corto o largo plazo, el paciente puede deambular adecuadamente y se encuentra libre de enfermedad 1 año después de la intervención. Hasta donde hemos podido conocer, este caso presenta por primera vez el uso del colgajo compuesto descrito en la reconstrucción del defecto de exenteración pélvica


The article reports the functional, reconstructive rationale behind a case of extended pelvic exenteration. Our aim is to analyze the surgical defect and consequent reconstructive requirements, aspects which have not been adequately addressed in the literature. A case is presented of a 62-year-old man presenting with an 82x117x108 mm perineal squamous cell carcinoma of urethral origin invading bladder, pelvic bone and pararectal fossa. The resection defect was reconstructed with a composite latissimus dorsi-scapular-parascapular flap and a bilayer mesh (polypropylene and extended polytetrafluoroethylene). A multiplanar reconstruction is shown that addresses 3 distinct functional requirements: 1.- visceral support to prevent perineal herniation; 2.- collapse of dead space to minimize the risk of infection; and 3.- a stable skin cover for a demanding area. With no postoperative short or long-term complications, the patient is ambulating and free of disease at one-year follow-up. To the best of the authors' knowledge, this is the first report of the described composite flap in the reconstruction of the pelvic exenteration defect


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exenteração Pélvica/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Vísceras/cirurgia , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Colostomia/métodos
4.
Obstet Gynecol ; 136(4): 792-801, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925609

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess whether resting genital hiatus, perineal body, and total vaginal length measured intraoperatively at the conclusion of surgery are associated with prolapse recurrence 2 years after native tissue pelvic organ prolapse reconstruction. METHODS: This ancillary analysis of the OPTIMAL (Operations and Pelvic Muscle Training in the Management of Apical Support Loss) trial included women who had an immediate postoperative pelvic organ prolapse quantification (POP-Q) examination and 2-year follow-up. Primary outcome was bothersome bulge symptoms. Secondary outcomes were anatomic failure, surgical failure (either anatomic failure or bothersome bulge symptoms), and sexual function. Descriptive statistics assessed relationships between postprocedure POP-Q measures and these four outcomes. Multivariable models were fit to the data to control for baseline differences in bivariate comparisons. Receiver operating characteristic curves were generated to identify an optimal genital hiatus cut point associated with bothersome bulge, and this threshold was explored. RESULTS: This analysis included 368 participants. Bivariate analyses identified age, body mass index, vaginal deliveries, baseline genital hiatus, perineal body, and advanced POP-Q stage (3 or higher vs 2) as clinically relevant variables to include in multivariable models. After adjusting for these variables, the association between immediate postoperative genital hiatus and bothersome bulge (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.4; 95% CI 0.9-2.1) was not significant at the P<.05 level; however, immediate postoperative genital hiatus was associated with anatomic (aOR 1.6; 95% CI 1.1-2.3) and surgical failure (aOR 1.5; 95% CI 1.0-2.1). Immediate postoperative genital hiatus of 3.5 cm was the selected cutoff (area under the curve 0.58, 95% CI 0.50-0.66 from the bothersome bulge model). Women with genital hiatus 3.5 cm or greater were more likely to have anatomic and surgical failures at 2 years. No POP-Q measures were correlated with 2-year sexual function. CONCLUSION: A larger immediate postoperative genital hiatus measurement of 3.5 cm or greater is not associated with bothersome bulge symptoms or sexual dysfunction but is associated with anatomic and surgical failures 2 years after native tissue vaginal reconstructive surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Risco Ajustado/métodos , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas , Feminino , Seguimentos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/diagnóstico , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/fisiopatologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Recidiva , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/diagnóstico , Disfunções Sexuais Fisiológicas/etiologia , Avaliação de Sintomas/métodos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(25): e20712, 2020 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32569206

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) may cause various surgical complications including disruption of perineal wound, perineal hernia and adhesive small-bowel obstruction. Pelvic peritoneum reconstruction (PPR) could prevent those complications, but it may not always be achievable, especially in patients with severe pelvic fibrosis after neoadjuvant radiotherapy. Our previous study has reported the application of the PPR using the bladder peritoneum flap in laparoscopic ELAPE. The aim of the study is to evaluate the short-term clinical, technical and safety outcomes of PPR using the bladder peritoneum flap in laparoscopic ELAPE. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This is a multi-center prospective single-arm cohort study and fulfill the IDEAL 2A stage principle. Rectal cancer patients undergoing laparoscopic ELAPE, suffering rigid pelvis or huge perineal peritoneum defect, and having difficulty in primary perineal wound closure will be considered eligible. Main exclusion criteria are being complicated with urgent complications, ASA grade >3 and accompanied with mental illness. After informed consent, 30 patients are planned to be included in the study. Standard laparoscopic ELAPE with pelvic peritoneal floor reconstruction using bladder peritoneum flap are to be performed. The surgical safety is to be evaluated after one-year follow-up. Primary endpoints are the occurrence of intraoperative and postoperative complications of PPR using the bladder peritoneum flap. Second endpoints are overall complication rate within 30 days after surgery, extent of small intestine falling down to pelvic cavity, and other follow-up consequences within 1 year after surgery. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This experiment was approved by the Biomedical Ethics Committee of West China Hospital of Sichuan University. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT04177407.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Períneo/cirurgia , Protectomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Bexiga Urinária/transplante , Ensaios Clínicos Fase II como Assunto , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Arch Gynecol Obstet ; 302(2): 393-404, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32458133

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the subjective and objective outcomes of combined stapled transanal rectal resection (STARR) and urogynecological surgery to treat pelvic organ prolapse, with a 10-year follow-up. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study analyzing prospectively collected data from 53 consecutive patients who underwent combined stapled transanal rectal resection and urogynecological surgery, from 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2007 at a tertiary referral Pelvic Floor Unit of an Italian hospital. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients with a median age of 60 years (interquartile range (IQR) 67-52t), underwent STARR and concomitant urogynecological surgery. No serious postoperative complications were recorded, and 37/53 women (70%) were evaluated at the 10-year follow-up visit. The cure rate was optimal in 34 women (64.1%). Regarding persistent and/or recurrent symptoms, five sexually-active patients (9%) reported dyspareunia only; obstructed defecation symptoms recurred in ten women (19%); urinary incontinence occurred in eight patients (15%); four patients (11%) reported persistent perineal pain; and two patients (5%) experienced both the urge to defecate and voiding dysfunction. At the 10-year follow-up, 14/27 patients (52%) stated that they would undergo the same operation again, if necessary. Furthermore, the survey found that patients would recommend the combined surgery. CONCLUSION: The 10-year results of this study proved that combined rectal and urogynecological surgery is well tolerated, associated with low morbidity, and more effectively treats a distressing and debilitating condition vs separate surgeries for rectal and pelvic organ prolapse. We recommend complementing the relatively small scale of this study with randomized trials involving a sufficient number of patients, to provide more conclusive evidence on the cumulative long-term effects of combined surgery vs 2- or 3-stage surgery.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiopatologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 323-331, Mar./Apr. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128176

RESUMO

A túnica vaginal possui características ideais para enxertia e já foi empregada na reparação de diversos tecidos, inclusive do diafragma pélvico. Objetivou-se avaliar a aplicabilidade da túnica vaginal como enxerto autógeno livre, em dupla camada, para a reparação do diafragma pélvico em 14 cães portadores de hérnia perineal, das quais, nove eram unilaterais e cinco, bilaterais. Após a orquiectomia, as túnicas de ambos os testículos foram coletadas, sobrepostas e fixadas entre si por meio de quatro pontos de reparo. Foi realizada abordagem ao saco herniário, inspeção, redução do conteúdo herniário, desbridamento muscular e síntese primária mediante sutura. O enxerto foi fixado à musculatura remanescente por meio de pontos simples separados e, posteriormente, encoberto pela sutura intradérmica e por síntese cutânea. Observações transoperatórias e, posteriormente, avaliações clínicas e ultrassonográficas, por período de um ano, permitiram sugerir que a túnica vaginal possui atributos ideais para a reparação do diafragma pélvico. Conclui-se que o enxerto autógeno livre de túnica vaginal, em dupla camada, é exequível e aplicável para o reparo do diafragma pélvico no tratamento da hérnia perineal em cães.(AU)


The tunica vaginalis has ideal characteristics for grafting and has already been used to repair several tissues, including the pelvic diaphragm. The aim of this study was to evaluate the applicability of the tunica vaginalis as a free double-layer autogenous graft to repair the pelvic diaphragm in 14 dogs with perineal hernia, of which, nine were unilateral and five, bilateral. After orchiectomy, the tunics of both testicles were collected, overlapped and fixed to each other by four repair points. The hernial sac was approached, followed by inspection, reduction of the hernia content, muscle debridement and primary synthesis through suture. The graft was attached to the remaining musculature by simple interrupted stitches and later hidden by intradermal suture and cutaneous synthesis. Intraoperative observations and, later, clinical and sonographic evaluations over a one-year period, allow to suggest that the tunica vaginalis has ideal attributes for the pelvic diaphragm repair. It is concluded that the autogenous graft-free of tunica vaginalis in double layer is feasible and applicable in order to repair the pelvic diaphragm in the perineal hernia treatment in dogs.(AU)


Assuntos
Animais , Cães , Peritônio/transplante , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Hérnia/veterinária , Herniorrafia/veterinária
8.
Eur J Radiol ; 126: 108935, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171913

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance defecography (MRD) was used to evaluate anatomic and functional pelvic floor disorders in women with stress urinary incontinence (SUI) before and after midurethral sling (MUS) intervention. METHOD: We performed MRD in both SUI patients and continent controls. Static MR was used to describe the anatomic abnormalities in levator ani muscle and periurethral ligaments (PUL). Dynamic MR was used to depict the function of the urethra and pelvic floor. We compared the MRD parameters between the SUI patients and continent controls before surgery. For SUI patients, dynamic MR images evaluated the functional changes of the urethra and pelvic floor after surgery. RESULTS: In SUI group, 75.8 % have PUL defects, 65.7 % discontinuity or complete loss of pubococcygeal muscle, as compared to the continent groups (p < 0.01). There was no significant difference between the perimenopausal volunteers and SUI patients in the puborectalis defection (p > 0.05). The dynamic MR showed the urethral hypermobility, functional urethra shortening, bladder neck funneling, urethra opening and cystocele were significantly associated with SUI patients (p < 0.01). Postoperative MR indicated that SUI patients after MUS had a lower risk of bladder funneling and urethral opening at the defection phase (p < 0.01), but no significant difference in urethral hypermobility or pelvic floor prolapse was seen (p>0.05). CONCLUSIONS: MRD with high-resolution and defecation phases provides a detailed anatomic and functional evaluation of the pelvic floor in female SUI before and after pelvic reconstruction.


Assuntos
Defecografia/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diafragma da Pelve/anatomia & histologia , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Uretra/anatomia & histologia , Uretra/diagnóstico por imagem , Uretra/fisiopatologia
9.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 39(3): 1020-1025, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32068303

RESUMO

AIMS: Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a very prevalent condition with a great impact on women's quality of life. At present, there is great controversy regarding the use of mesh in POP surgery. To understand the current moment, it is advisable to make a brief summary of the historical evolution of mesh use for pelvic floor pathology. The aim of this paper is to establish the position of the Ibero-American Society of Neurourology and UroGynecology (SINUG for its acronym in Spanish) regarding vaginal mesh reconstructive surgery. METHODS: A working committee from the SINUG's scientific board performed a literature search about the use of vaginal meshes for pelvic organ prolapse reconstructive surgery and about the position of different societies. We analyzed the evolution into three periods: before the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) statement, FDA statement, and after the statement. SINUG drew up a position statement regarding vaginal mesh reconstructive surgery, based on the available scientific evidence and the evolution of its use in different contexts. RESULTS: Before mesh appearance in the 1990s, native tissue repair was the surgical treatment of choice for POP. Vaginal mesh reconstructive surgery has been frequently accompanied by procedure underestimation by inexperienced surgeons, besides inadequate diagnoses and indications. This situation led to the presentation of serious complications including mesh extrusion, exposure, and contraction. CONCLUSIONS: Once reviewed the available evidence and the position of different societies, SINUG presents its vision in this communication, which is a summary of the document prepared by the society's scientific board.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Vagina/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , América Latina , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Portugal , Próteses e Implantes , Qualidade de Vida , Sociedades Médicas , Espanha , Estados Unidos , United States Food and Drug Administration , Prolapso Uterino/cirurgia
10.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 23(1): 92-95, 2020 Jan 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31958939

RESUMO

Extralevator abdominoperineal excision (ELAPE) has been suggested to potentially improve oncological outcomes in advanced low rectal cancer patients. However, the urogenital function impairment as one of the main complications deteriorates the quality of life in these patients. The key point to prevent urogenital function impairment is to avoid autonomic nerve injury, including the superior and inferior hypogastric nerve plexus and neurovascular bundle. Three areas should be especially focused during surgery, including the posterolateral aspect of the prostate during the separation of the rectum from prostate, the lateral wall of ischioanal fossa and the area in front of anal canal. Previous presumption supposed that extended resection, though promoting oncologic outcomes, might lead to enlarged injury to surrounding vessels and nerves that deteriorated patients' urogenital function. But recent studies show that postoperative urogenital function outcomes of rectal cancer patients who underwent ELAPE are not inferior to conventional APE after the induction of minimal invasive approaches including laparoscopic and robotic surgery. Their quality of life can be comparable with patients who underwent conventional APE, and are even better in some particular area. Moreover, as further improvement of ELAPE procedure has been made, the concept of individualized ELAPE addressed the importance of personalized surgical procedure based on tumor stage and location, dedicating to avoid injury to vessels and nerves through preserving more surrounding tissues. Urogenital function outcomes, as part of postoperative outcomes, get more and more attention in recent years. We review current studies on urogenital function after ELAPE from anatomy to clinical research, in order to raise surgeons' attention of nerve preservation technique and to improve their understanding of ELAPE procedure.


Assuntos
Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/lesões , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/prevenção & controle , Protectomia/efeitos adversos , Protectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Sistema Urogenital/inervação , Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/cirurgia , Humanos , Diafragma da Pelve/lesões , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Períneo , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/etiologia , Protectomia/normas , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento , Sistema Urogenital/lesões , Sistema Urogenital/cirurgia
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e16791, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895764

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the feasibility of vaginal delivery combined with vaginal tightening surgery and perineal body repair.From January 2017 to April 2017, 5 cases underwent vaginal delivery combined with vaginal tightening surgery and perineal body repair. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data.The incisions of 5 cases were all primary healing; vulva form was improved, and there were no postoperative hematoma, infection or vaginal mucosa prolapse. Sexual function was improved to different degrees. The pelvic muscle force test showed that both the type I and type II myofiber scores were increased.It is feasible to perform vaginal delivery combined with vaginal tightening surgery and perineal body repair, which is a safe and effective method for improving sex life and pelvic floor function.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Vagina/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Lacerações/etiologia , Lacerações/cirurgia , Diafragma da Pelve/fisiopatologia , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Períneo/lesões , Períneo/cirurgia , Gravidez , Qualidade de Vida , Vagina/fisiopatologia , Vulva/cirurgia
13.
Obstet Gynecol ; 135(2): 341-351, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31923073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate outcomes after pelvic floor muscle therapy, as compared with perineorrhaphy and distal posterior colporrhaphy, in the treatment of women with a poorly healed second-degree obstetric injury diagnosed at least 6 months postpartum. METHODS: We performed a single center, open-label, randomized controlled trial. After informed consent, patients with a poorly healed second-degree perineal tear at minimum 6 months postpartum were randomized to either surgery or physical therapy. The primary outcome was treatment success, as defined by Patient Global Impression of Improvement, at 6 months. Secondary outcomes included the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory, the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire, the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire, and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Assuming a 60% treatment success in the surgery group and 20% in the physical therapy group, plus anticipating a 20% loss to follow-up, a total of 70 patients needed to be recruited. RESULTS: From October 2015 to June 2018, 70 of 109 eligible patients were randomized, half into surgery and half into tutored pelvic floor muscle therapy. The median age of the study group was 35 years, and the median duration postpartum at enrollment in the study was 10 months. There were three dropouts in the surgery group postrandomization. In an intention-to-treat analysis, with worst case imputation of missing outcomes, subjective global improvement was reported by 25 of 35 patients (71%) in the surgery group compared with 4 of 35 patients (11%) in the physical therapy group (treatment effect in percentage points 60% [95% CI 42-78%], odds ratio 19 [95% CI 5-69]). The surgery group was superior to physical therapy regarding all secondary endpoints. CONCLUSION: Surgical treatment is effective and superior to pelvic floor muscle training in relieving symptoms related to a poorly healed second-degree perineal tear in women presenting at least 6 months postpartum. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02545218.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Lacerações/reabilitação , Diafragma da Pelve/lesões , Períneo/cirurgia , Cuidado Pós-Natal/métodos , Adulto , Terapia por Exercício/normas , Incontinência Fecal/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Lacerações/cirurgia , Modelos Logísticos , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/prevenção & controle , Cuidado Pós-Natal/normas , Período Pós-Parto/fisiologia , Gravidez , Inquéritos e Questionários , Suécia , Resultado do Tratamento , Incontinência Urinária/prevenção & controle
14.
J Surg Oncol ; 121(5): 718-729, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The primary treatment for locally advanced cases of cervical cancer is chemoradiation followed by high-dose brachytherapy. When this treatment fails, pelvic exenteration (PE) is an option in some cases. This study aimed to develop recommendations for the best management of patients with cervical cancer undergoing salvage PE. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to all members of the Brazilian Society of Surgical Oncology. Of them, 68 surgeons participated in the study and were divided into 10 working groups. A literature review of studies retrieved from the National Library of Medicine database was carried out on topics chosen by the participants. These topics were indications for curative and palliative PE, preoperative and intraoperative evaluation of tumor resectability, access routes and surgical techniques, PE classification, urinary, vaginal, intestinal, and pelvic floor reconstructions, and postoperative follow-up. To define the level of evidence and strength of each recommendation, an adapted version of the Infectious Diseases Society of America Health Service rating system was used. RESULTS: Most conducts and management strategies reviewed were strongly recommended by the participants. CONCLUSIONS: Guidelines outlining strategies for PE in the treatment of persistent or relapsed cervical cancer were developed and are based on the best evidence available in the literature.


Assuntos
Exenteração Pélvica/normas , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Brasil , Colostomia/métodos , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Excisão de Linfonodo , Avaliação Nutricional , Estomia , Cuidados Paliativos , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Lavagem Peritoneal , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Sociedades Médicas , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Cateteres Urinários , Coletores de Urina , Vagina/cirurgia , Gravação em Vídeo
15.
Urology ; 137: 190-195, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883878

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To address renewed interest in nonmesh transvaginal Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) repair since the FDA reclassification of transvaginal mesh, our goal was to develop a transvaginal sacrospinous fixation for anterior and apical POP using only autologous fascia lata. We report our experience in 33 patients. METHODS: Autologous Anterior and Apical Pelvic Organ Prolapse (AAA-POP) repair utilizes a 4 × 14 cm piece of fascia lata harvested through a 3-4-inch upper thigh incision. The graft is reconfigured to provide apical fixation to the sacrospinous ligaments and distal fixation to the obturator fascia. Patients were followed by history, SEAPI scores, POP-Q scores, and Visual Analogue Pain Score. Treatment success was defined as absence of symptomatic anterior or apical POP. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients (mean age 63, mean follow-up 12 months) underwent AAA-POP. Treatment was successful in 31 patients (94%), and 2 failures were due to uterine prolapse. Mean harvest site Visual Analog Pain score was 0.27. Five and 7 patients developed nonbothersome thigh bulges and wound paresthesias, respectively. All 4 harvest-site seromas resolved, with 2 requiring simple aspiration. Eleven patients developed urinary retention, 10 (91%) of them after concurrent pubovaginal sling. All resolved after sling loosening (6 patients) or sling lysis (4 patients). CONCLUSION: AAA-POP is an efficacious treatment for patients desiring nonmesh POP repair. Postoperative harvest site issues are minor and typically resolve with expectant management. Patients should be counseled about the potential risk of failure with a uterine-sparing approach and the risk of urinary retention with concurrent pubovaginal sling.


Assuntos
Fascia Lata/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/diagnóstico , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/efeitos adversos , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Retenção Urinária/diagnóstico , Retenção Urinária/epidemiologia , Retenção Urinária/etiologia , Vagina/cirurgia
16.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 39(1): 96-107, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histological response to and changes in the biomechanical properties of titanized polypropylene lightweight mesh and conventional polypropylene mesh at 1 and 12 weeks following implantation in the sheep vagina. METHODS: We compared a titanized polypropylene lightweight mesh (TiLOOP Mesh) to a conventional polypropylene mesh (Gynemesh PS) in a sheep vagina model. Explants were harvested after 1 and 12 weeks (n = 6/mesh type/time point) for histological observation. After 12 weeks, mesh-tissue complex specimens were biomechanically assessed by a uniaxial tension system. RESULTS: One week after implantation, there was no significant difference in the inflammatory response between the two groups. Twelve weeks after implantation, the TiLOOP light mesh elicited a lower inflammatory response than was observed for the Gynemesh PS (1.44 ± 0.61 vs 2.05 ± 0.80, P = .015). Twelve weeks after implantation, the collagen I/III ratio was lower in the TiLOOP light mesh group than in the Gynemesh PS group (9.41 ± 5.06 vs 15.21 ± 8.21, P = .019). The messenger RNA expression levels of the inflammatory factors interleukin 10 and tumor necrosis factor α were lower in the TiLOOP Mesh group than in the Gynemesh PS group at both 1 and 12 weeks (P < .05). There were no significant differences in any of the evaluated biomechanical characteristics between the two meshes (P > .05). CONCLUSION: Although the titanized polypropylene lightweight mesh induces slightly less tissue reactivity and has better in vivo biocompatibility, further studies should be conducted including the complications and the success rate of pelvic organ prolapse in patients before recommending it in pelvic floor reconstruction.


Assuntos
Materiais Biocompatíveis , Teste de Materiais , Polipropilenos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Titânio , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Feminino , Inflamação/etiologia , Interleucina-10/biossíntese , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Carneiro Doméstico , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/biossíntese , Vagina
18.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Minim Invasive Ther Allied Technol ; 29(3): 170-176, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31012767

RESUMO

Aim: To evaluate the feasibility and outcome of percutaneous glue embolisation as primary treatment for pseudoaneurysms in selective patients.Material and methods: A review of the pseudoaneurysm cases managed with percutaneous glue at our institute was analyzed in this study. A total of 21 patients over a period of last one year who were treated for pseudoaneurysm at varied sites primarily with percutaneous n-butyl cynoacrylate were retrospectively evaluated. Site of pseudoaneurysm was Pulmonary (seven cases), renal (four cases), pelvic (4four cases) and miscellaneous abdomen (six cases). Combined ultrasound and fluoroscopy approach was used in 17 cases, CT guidance in three cases and combined ultrasound and CT guidance in one case. Patients were evaluated for therapeutic response (radiological and clinical) and procedure related complications.Results: Complete occlusion of the pseudoaneurysm was seen in all patients. Two patients showed mild pneumothorax and one patient showed reflux into the intercostal artery. All the patients showed symptomatic improvement and discharged in stable condition.Conclusions: Percutaneous glue embolisation of the pseudoaneurysms as a primary treatment is feasible and can be safely carried out in select group of patients with good therapeutic response and minimal complications.


Assuntos
Adesivos/uso terapêutico , Falso Aneurisma/cirurgia , Cianoacrilatos/uso terapêutico , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Abdome/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Rim/cirurgia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
J Minim Invasive Gynecol ; 27(2): 498-503.e1, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30980994

RESUMO

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety and feasibility of same-day discharge (SDD) in patients undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor reconstruction. DESIGN: Prospective cohort pilot study. SETTING: Single academic medical center. PATIENTS: Women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor reconstruction were considered for inclusion in the study. INTERVENTIONS: SDD or overnight hospitalization after surgery. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: A total cohort of 55 women undergoing vaginal hysterectomy and pelvic floor reconstruction for pelvic organ prolapse and/or urinary incontinence was identified. The control group consisted of 19 women who were planned for overnight hospitalization. The intervention group had 36 women who were planned for SDD. In the intervention group 63.9% of patients (n = 23) were successfully discharged home and 36.1% (n = 13) required an unplanned overnight admission. Reasons for unplanned admission included persistent anesthetic effects (dizziness/nausea/drowsiness, n = 9, 69%), uncontrolled pain (n = 1, 7.7%), fever (n = 1, 7.7%), anemia (n = 2, 15.4%), with return to operating room for hematoma evacuation (n = 1, 7.7%). A voiding trial was passed on the first attempt in 30 patients (54.5%). The percentage of successful voiding trials on the first attempt was 30.8% for patients requiring unplanned admission and 78.9% for patients with planned overnight hospitalization (p = .011). There were no significant differences in the number of emergency department visits (p = .677) or unplanned office visits (p = .193) between the control and intervention groups. CONCLUSION: SDD after vaginal hysterectomy with pelvic floor reconstruction appears to be safe and feasible. Patients who were discharged the same day did not require a higher volume of emergency department or office evaluations.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada , Histerectomia Vaginal , Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Histerectomia Vaginal/efeitos adversos , Histerectomia Vaginal/métodos , Histerectomia Vaginal/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/epidemiologia , Projetos Piloto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Incontinência Urinária/epidemiologia
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