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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17079, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574807

RESUMO

Advancements in diagnostic modalities have improved the diagnosis of meconium peritonitis (MP) both in utero and ex utero. This study aimed to determine the efficacy of prompt prenatal and postnatal diagnoses of MP on the postnatal outcomes of these patients.We conducted a retrospective chart review of neonates with MP admitted to the Mackay Memorial Hospital Systems from 2005 to 2016. The prenatal diagnoses, postnatal presentations, surgical indications, operative methods, types of MP, operative findings, associated anomalies, morbidities, patient outcomes, and survival rates were analyzed. Morbidities included postoperative adhesion ileus, bacteremia, and short bowel syndrome. We also performed subgroup analyses of the morbidity and survival rates of prenatally versus postnatally diagnosed patients, as well as inborn versus outborn neonates.Thirty-seven neonates with MP were enrolled. Of this number, 24 (64.9%) were diagnosed prenatally. Twenty-two (59.5%) were born preterm. The most common prenatal sonographic findings included fetal ascites followed by dilated bowel loops. Abdominal distention was the most frequent postnatal symptom. Thirty-four (91.9%) neonates underwent surgery, whereas 3 were managed conservatively. Volvulus of the gastrointestinal tract was the most frequent anatomic anomaly. The total morbidity and survival rates were 37.8% and 91.9%, respectively. The morbidity and survival rates did not differ significantly between prenatally and postnatally diagnosed patients (37.5% vs 33.3%, P = 1.00; 91.7% vs 92.3%, P = 1.00, respectively). Inborn and outborn patients did not differ in terms of morbidity and survival rates (27.3% vs 53.3%, P = .17; 100% vs 80.0%, P = .06, respectively).Although not statistically significant, inborn MP neonates had higher survival rates when compared with outborn MP neonates. Prompt postnatal management at tertiary centers seemed crucial.


Assuntos
Mecônio , Peritonite/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Ascite/etiologia , Dilatação Patológica/etiologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Volvo Intestinal/etiologia , Intestinos/patologia , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Peritonite/complicações , Peritonite/mortalidade , Peritonite/terapia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Tempo para o Tratamento
2.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 174, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31565135

RESUMO

The association between deafness and visual disorders is frequent. These disorders range from simple refractive disorder to severe disease that can lead to disability. Hence the interest of early screening. This study aims to highlight the importance of multidisciplinary management and of the need for ophthalmological examination in each deaf child. We conducted a prospective monocentric data collection from medical records of 200 children followed for hypoacousia from January 2014 to January 2015. Each child underwent complete ophthalmological examination, ENT examination and clinical examination. Data from 155 medical records were collected. Ocular involvement was found in 47 patients, reflecting a rate of 30.4%. Bilateral involvement was found in 45 patients. The main syndromic causes were: Usher syndrome (8 casess), Waardenbourg syndrome (5 cases), Alport syndrome (3 cases), Wolfram syndrome (2 cases), Goldenhar syndrome (3 cases), Cogan syndrome (3 cases), Franceschetti-Kleinsyndrome (1 case), Charge syndrome(1 case), otomandibular syndrome (1 case), Stickler syndrome(1 case), Alström syndrome (1 case), Refsum disease (1 case), Susac syndrome (1 case) and KID Syndrome (1 case). Screening for ocular involvement allowed to shorten the average length of cochlear implantation from 9 months to 3 months. There are numerous ocular and auditory involvements because of the embryological and cellular similarities of these two organs, including the retina and the inner ear. The diagnosis of these involvements is facilitated by the presence of facial dysmorphism; on the other hand, diagnosis is difficult when there are visual and auditory sensorineural involvements. Early diagnosis of ocular and auditory involvements allows for best psychomotor development and optimal social inclusion. Therefore multidisciplinary management is necessary to allow for the best psychomotor, orthophonic and visual rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Implante Coclear/estatística & dados numéricos , Surdez/complicações , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Transtornos da Visão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Surdez/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Síndrome , Fatores de Tempo , Transtornos da Visão/diagnóstico
3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(9): 868-875, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the significance of plasma neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) and its markers in the diagnosis of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in children. METHODS: A total of 160 children with CAP were enrolled as the CAP group, and 50 healthy children were enrolled the control group. According to disease severity, the CAP group was further divided into a mild CAP subgroup with 137 children and a severe CAP subgroup with 23 children. According to the pathogen, the CAP group was further divided into a bacterial pneumonia subgroup with 78 children, a Mycoplasma pneumonia subgroup with 35 children, and a viral pneumonia subgroup with 47 children. The levels of plasma NET and its markers [antibacterial peptide (LL-37), extracellular free DNA (cfDNA), and deoxyribonuclease I (DNase I)] were measured. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to analyze the value of each index in diagnosing CAP and assessing its severity. RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the CAP group had significant increases in the levels of NET, LL-37, and cfDNA and a significant reduction in the activity of DNase I (P<0.05). Compared with the mild CAP subgroup, the severe CAP subgroup had significantly higher levels of NET, LL-37 and cfDNA and a significantly lower activity of DNase I (P<0.05). There were no significant differences in the levels of NET, LL-37, and cfDNA and the activity of DNase I among the bacterial pneumonia, Mycoplasma pneumonia, and viral pneumonia subgroups (P>0.05). In the CAP group, plasma NET levels were positively correlated with white blood cell count (WBC), percentage of neutrophils, and serum levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin and tumor necrosis factor-α (r=0.166, 0.168, 0.275, 0.181 and 0.173 respectively, P<0.05); LL-37 and cfDNA levels were positively correlated with WBC (r=0.186 and 0.338 respectively, P<0.05) and CRP levels (r=0.309 and 0.274 respectively, P<0.05); the activity of DNase I was negatively correlated with CRP levels (r=-0.482, P<0.05). The ROC curve analysis showed that NET, LL-37, cfDNA, and DNase I had an area under the ROC curve (AUC) of 0.844, 0.648, 0.727, and 0.913 respectively in the diagnosis of CAP, with optimal cut-off values of 182.89, 46.26 ng/mL, 233.13 ng/mL, and 0.39 U/mL respectively, sensitivities of 88.12%, 35.63%, 54.37%, and 91.25% respectively, and specificities of 74.00%, 92.00%, 86.00%, and 76.00% respectively. In the assessment of the severity of CAP, NET, LL-37, cfDNA, and DNase I had an AUC of 0.873, 0.924, 0.820, and 0.778 respectively, with optimal cut-off values of 257.7, 49.11 ng/mL, 252.54 ng/mL, and 0.29 U/mL respectively, sensitivities of 83.21%, 86.96%, 78.26%, and 95.65% respectively, and specificities of 78.26%, 83.94%, 76.64%, and 56.93% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Plasma NET and its related markers have a certain value in diagnosing CAP and assessing its severity in children.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Armadilhas Extracelulares , Pneumonia , Biomarcadores , Proteína C-Reativa , Criança , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Curva ROC
4.
Medicina (B Aires) ; 79(4): 271-275, 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31487246

RESUMO

There is much controversy about the benefits of the use of serum calcitonin (CT) in the initial evaluation of patients with thyroid nodules. The objective of the study was to early identify medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) through the routine measurement of CT in thyroid nodular pathology in a large cohort of patients from Buenos Aires, Argentina. Consecutive patients with nodular thyroid disease (n=1017) were studied. CT was measured by chemiluminescence, normal value: up to 18 pg/ml in men and 12 pg/ml in women. In two patients, hypercalcitoninemia was confirmed in repeated measurements. Fine needle aspiration with CT measurement in the needle wash fluid identified MTC in nodules with citology abnormalities. The genetic study was positive in one patient (mutation exon 14, Val804Met, MTC familiar). The other presented a polymorphism (exon 13 L769L heterozygous - exon 15 S904S heterozygous). In both cases, CT was normalized 3 months after surgery and remained normal after 6 years of follow-up. The routine measurement of CT in thyroid nodular pathology was useful to detect two cases of MTC, one of them sporadic and the other familiar in this cohort. The prevalence of MTC was 0.2%.


Assuntos
Calcitonina/sangue , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/diagnóstico , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/diagnóstico , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biópsia por Agulha Fina , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/sangue , Carcinoma Neuroendócrino/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Luminescência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Nódulo da Glândula Tireoide/sangue , Adulto Jovem
5.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 599-603, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474040

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the early diagnosis and treatment for burn complicated with severe paroxysmal sympathetic hyperactivity (PSH). Methods: Medical records of patients with burn complicated with severe PSH, admitted to our department from April 2016 to March 2019 and meeting the inclusion criteria were analyzed retrospectively. There were 4 males and 1 female, aged 17 months to 39 years, with an average of (21±16) years. During occurrence of PSH, the vital signs of patients were routinely monitored and oxygen were given. Other treatment included central venous catheterization and infusion of electrolyte solution, infusion of plasma according to patients' condition, use of opioid analgesics and benzodiazepine sedatives, physical cooling and drug cooling, and establishment or maintenance of artificial airway and use of ventilator. Heart rate was controlled below 120 beats per minute in adults and 140 beats per minute in children with comprehensive treatment dominated by analgesia and sedation. Besides, single or multiple vasoactive agents, even in large doses were used to maintain normal blood pressure of patients. The occurrence characteristics, time, and treatment outcome of PSH were analyzed. Results: PSH happened rapidly, with a sharp increase in several minutes to dozens of minutes. Five patients were with symptoms such as high body temperature, shortness of breath, very fast heart rate, normal or elevated systolic blood pressure, hyperhidrosis, and dystonia at the onset. The symptoms occurred simultaneously or successively. According to the Clinical Feature Scale, the above-mentioned 6 indexes achieved the highest score of 3 points except of systolic blood pressure. Four patients showed dilated pupils and impaired consciousness. Among the patients, PSH occurred in the acute exudation stage in 3 patients, in the fluid reabsorption stage in 1 patient, and in the late repair stage in 1 patient. PSH of patients lasted for 3 hours to 12 days. The symptoms of 4 patients were effectively controlled, and 1 patient died of deterioration. No PSH occurred in the cured patients during follow-up of 3 to 14 months. Conclusions: Burn complicated with PSH can occur at any time before wound repair and in patients with different injury conditions. The causes of PSH include sudden burn, persistent pain, fright and fear, strange environment, low blood volume, and other adverse stimuli, and PSH is more likely to occur in children with underdeveloped brain function. Intravenous infusion of analgesics sedatives, physical therapy and medication to lower body temperature, stabilizing blood pressure and respiration are effective measures to treat PSH. PSH should be distinguished from the common complications of burns, such as sepsis, cerebral edema, hyperpyretic convulsion, transfusion response, stress disorder, etc.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Autônomo/complicações , Queimaduras/diagnóstico , Queimaduras/terapia , Adulto , Queimaduras/complicações , Pré-Escolar , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Soins Pediatr Pueric ; 40(310): 40-44, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543234

RESUMO

Pervasive refusal syndrome is a rare clinical disorder affecting children and teenagers. It is characterised by social withdrawal and opposition which significantly affects how patients function and their treatment. The twenty or so cases reported in literature help to specify the main diagnostic and therapeutic elements. Early recognition of pervasive refusal syndrome is essential in order to treat these young patients as effectively as possible.


Assuntos
Transtornos Globais do Desenvolvimento Infantil/diagnóstico , Transtornos Globais do Desenvolvimento Infantil/terapia , Adolescente , Criança , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos
7.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 358-362, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437945

RESUMO

Early detection of Alzheimer's disease is important for deploying interventions to prevent or slow disease progression. We propose a multi-view dependence modeling framework that integrates multiple data sources to distinguish patients at different stages of the disease. We design interpretable models that can handle heterogeneous data types including neuro-images, bio- and clinical markers, and historical and genotypical characteristics of the subjects. We learn the dependence structure from data with guidance from domain knowledge in Bayesian Networks, visualizing and quantifying the conditional probabilistic dependence among the variables. Our results indicate that the hybrid dependence models also improve prediction performance.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Teorema de Bayes , Biomarcadores , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos
8.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 679-683, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438010

RESUMO

Sepsis remains a significant global health problem. It is a life-threatening, but poorly defined and recognized condition. Early recognition and intervention are essential to optimize patient outcomes. Automated clinical decision support systems (CDS) may be particularly beneficial for early detection of sepsis. The aim of this study was to use retrospective data to develop and evaluate seven revised versions of an electronic sepsis alert rule to assess their performance in detecting sepsis cases and patient deterioration (in-hospital mortality or ICU admission). Four revised options had higher sensitivity but lower specificity than the original rule. After discussion with clinical experts, two revised options with the highest sensitivity were selected. Further analysis on the number of alerts and time intervals between alerts and patient outcomes was conducted to decide the option to be implemented. This study has provided a data-driven approach to improve the CDS on early detection of sepsis.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Sepse , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1596-1597, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438249

RESUMO

Nephrosis is disease characterized by abnormal protein loss from impaired kidney. We constructed early prediction model using machine learning from clinical time series data, that can predict onset of nephrosis for more than one month. Long short-term memory capable of recognizing temporal sequential data patterns, was adopted as early prediction model for nephrosis. We verified our proposed prediction model has higher accuracy compared with those of baseline classifiers by 5-fold cross validation.


Assuntos
Aprendizado Profundo , Nefrose , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Nefrose/diagnóstico
12.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 168-172, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437907

RESUMO

Early detection of Alzheimer's disease (AD) has become increasingly important. Healthy monitoring technology focusing on behavioral changes is a promising approach in this vein. Among such technologies, handwriting features measured by digital tablet devices have attracted attention as potential indicators for detecting AD and mild cognitive impairment (MCI). However, previous studies have mainly investigated features in single tasks, and it remains unclear whether combining the features of multiple tasks could improve the performance of detecting AD and MCI. In this study, we investigated features in five representative tasks used in neuropsychological tests collected from 71 seniors including some diagnosed with MCI and AD. We found that our three-class classification model improved diagnosis accuracy by up to 11.3% by combining features of multiple tasks, for a final accuracy of 74.6%. We also suggested that drawing behaviors during multiple tasks might be useful for estimating disease progression simply by utilizing the labels of disease groups.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Disfunção Cognitiva , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Diagnóstico Precoce , Escrita Manual , Humanos , Testes Neuropsicológicos
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(8): 835-839, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378045

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of heparin-binding protein (HBP) in early diagnosis of severe infection in silicosis patients. Methods: From January 2017 to June 2018, fifty silicosis patients with severe infection and fity without infection were recruited in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University. In the severe infection group, the time of patients diagnosed with severe infection was set as the reference point for time. Blood samples were selected from the hospital inspection system sample library at the time of 24, 48, and 72 hours prior to the reference point. In the non-infection group, blood samples were selected within 24 hours of admission. The blood samples were tested for the levels of HBP, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and white blood cell (WBC) count. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, sensitivity, specificity and Youden index (YI) were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of each indicator. Results: The HBP levels at 72, 48, 24, and 0 hours before the diagnosis in the severe infection group were significantly higher than those in the non-infection group (all of the P values <0.001), and decreased with the prolonged time before diagnosis. The ROC curve showed that the AUC of HBP at 72, 48, 24, and 0 h before the diagnosis in the severe infection group [0.828 (0.750-0.907), 0.966 (0.920-0.998), 0.967 (0.961-0.998), 0.997 (0.994-0.999)] was higher than that of PCT [0.563 (0.450-0.677), 0.687 (0.581-0.794), 0.726 (0.622-0.829), 0.982 (0.973-0.986)] and CRP [0.564 (0.449-0.680), 0.648 (0.535-0.761), 0.705 (0.594-0.817), 0.963 (0.924-0.983)] and WBC [0.492 (0.377-0.607), 0.497 (0.383-0.612), 0.628 (0.519-0.738), 0.700 (0.598-0.802)] at the corresponding time. The sensitivity, specificity and YI of HBP were 88.9%-97.6%, 77.1%-98.4% and 0.66-0.96 at 72, 36, 24 and 0 h before diagnosis, respectively. Conclusion: Heparin-binding protein can be used for early diagnosis of severe infection in silicosis patients.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/sangue , Proteínas de Transporte/sangue , Sepse/diagnóstico , Silicose/complicações , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Curva ROC , Sepse/complicações , Silicose/sangue
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16940, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441886

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of Raman spectroscopy (RS) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients still remains underestimated. We performed this meta-analysis to elucidate the diagnostic value in CRC patients. METHODS: We systematically searched electronic databases for published articles. Fixed effect model and random effect model were used to calculate the pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy, positive likelihood ratio (PLR), negative likelihood ratio (NLR), diagnostic odds ratio (DOR) and positive posttest probability (PPP) of CRC. Meta-regression and subgroup analysis were conducted to assess potential source of heterogeneity. We also used Egger linear regression tests to assess risk of publication bias. RESULTS: Thirteen studies had been included (679 patients: 186 with premalignant lesions and 493 with malignant lesions). The pooled sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy, PLR, NLR, DOR and PPP for CRC screening using RS were 0.94 (0.92-0.96), 0.94 (0.88-0.97), 0.96 (0.94-0.98), 16.44 (7.80-34.63), 0.062 (0.043-0.090), 263.65 (99.03-701.96) and 86%, respectively. CONCLUSION: RS is a potentially useful tool for future CRC screening. It also offers potentially early detection for CRC patients.


Assuntos
Adenoma/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Análise Espectral Raman , Diagnóstico Precoce , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
15.
Lancet ; 394(10197): 533-540, 2019 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31395441

RESUMO

One of the primary goals of genomic medicine is to improve diagnosis through identification of genomic conditions, which could improve clinical management, prevent complications, and promote health. We explore how genomic medicine is being used to obtain molecular diagnoses for patients with previously undiagnosed diseases in prenatal, paediatric, and adult clinical settings. We focus on the role of clinical genomic sequencing (exome and genome) in aiding patients with conditions that are undiagnosed even after extensive clinical evaluation and testing. In particular, we explore the impact of combining genomic and phenotypic data and integrating multiple data types to improve diagnoses for patients with undiagnosed diseases, and we discuss how these genomic sequencing diagnoses could change clinical management.


Assuntos
Doenças Raras/diagnóstico , Análise de Sequência de DNA/métodos , Adulto , Criança , Diagnóstico Precoce , Genômica , Humanos , Fenótipo , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal/métodos , Doenças Raras/genética , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
16.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 50(4): 461-470, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31466662

RESUMO

Septic arthritis in children is a surgical emergency, and prompt diagnosis and treatment are mandatory. If diagnosed quickly and treated correctly, the outcomes can be good. With delay in diagnosis and without proper treatment, outcomes often are quite devastating, with growth disturbance and joint destruction.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Artrite Infecciosa/terapia , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Desbridamento , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Prognóstico , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(8): 743-752, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468168

RESUMO

Rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and axial spondylarthritis are the most common chronic autoimmune rheumatic diseases. For all three diseases an early diagnosis and initiation of treatment is crucial. The proof of concept network study "Rheuma-VOR" is a further developed version of the predecessor project ADAPTHERA and was extended to several federal states. The aim of this prospective study is to improve the early diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis and axial spondylarthritis and thus positively impact the quality of care for patients with the help of multidisciplinary coordinating centers. To date 3710 disease-specific questionnaires from patients with the suspected diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis or axial spondylarthritis from 1298 different primary care providers were registered in the multidisciplinary coordination centers. A total of 1958 appointments were made with 1 of the 53 participating rheumatology specialists. In 876 patients, 1 of the 3 rheumatic diseases was diagnosed in an early stage. The waiting period was on average 42.5 days depending on the federal state, which is well below the nationwide average. It should also be noted that the coordinated cooperation and risk stratification of the Rheuma-VOR coordination centers relieved the capacity of rheumatology specialists by 1281 appointments (34.5%). In addition, the 2­week Rheuma Bus Tour and the accompanying initiatives in Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheuma-VOR screening app and the triage consultation) are showing first promising positive results.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Reumatologia , Artrite Psoriásica/diagnóstico , Artrite Reumatoide/diagnóstico , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Reumatologia/organização & administração , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico
18.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(8): 722-742, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31468170

RESUMO

In order to reduce the prognostically relevant time interval between the initial manifestation of a rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease and diagnosis as well as the consecutive initiation of an appropriate treatment, several rheumatological centers in Germany have improved the access to initial rheumatologic evaluation by establishing early recognition/screening clinics at their respective sites. Corresponding models located at Altoetting·Burghausen, Bad Pyrmont, Berlin Buch, Duesseldorf, Heidelberg, Herne, Mannheim as well as supraregional/multicenter initiatives Rheuma Rapid, RhePort and Rheuma-VOR are presented in this overview along with the respective characteristics, potential advantages and disadvantages, but also first evaluation results of several models. The aim of this publication is to promote early detection of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases as one of the most important challenges in current rheumatology by encouraging further rheumatologic centers and practices to launch their own early recognition/screening consultation model on the basis of aspects presented herein.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Reumáticas , Reumatologia , Diagnóstico Precoce , Alemanha , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Doenças Reumáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Reumáticas/terapia , Reumatologia/métodos
19.
Gastroenterology ; 157(3): 901-902, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31306633
20.
Clin Nucl Med ; 44(8): 669-673, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31274620

RESUMO

Stress-lymphoscintigraphy evaluates the effects of exercise on lymph drainage. Results may predict outcomes of complex physical therapy as a first-line lymphedema treatment. Microsurgical approaches are best in patients with lymphangectasia or dermal backflow. Lymphatic pathway mapping helps plan lympho-venous anastomoses. For improved lymphatic visualization, we suggest a scan at rest, after a quick exercise (stepping or weight lifting for 2 min) and delayed scanning after prolonged symptom limited exercise (walking or hand squeezing for 30-40 min). In advanced lymphedema, identification of lymph pathways and residual regional lymph nodes might be difficult. In these patients, lymph node transplant is suggested.


Assuntos
Linfedema/diagnóstico por imagem , Linfocintigrafia/métodos , Idoso , Gerenciamento Clínico , Diagnóstico Precoce , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfedema/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
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