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1.
J Insect Sci ; 20(1)2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927595

RESUMO

Bactrocera dorsalis (Hendel) is a notorious insect pest that attacks diverse vegetables and fruits worldwide. The sterile insect technique has been developed as an environmentally friendly and effective control method that depends on the mass production of target flies. Because dietary yeast (protein) and sucrose (carbohydrate) are important in adult diets, yeast:sucrose (Y:S) mixtures are crucial for the mass-rearing of B. dorsalis. In this study, we found adult diets with different ratios of yeast to sucrose-influenced fecundity, and an extremely high or low Y:S ratios significantly decreased egg production of B. dorsalis. Additionally, the maximum oviposition efficiency was realized at dietary yeast to sucrose ratios of 1:1 and 1:3, suggesting their potential use to produce more eggs for the mass production of B. dorsalis. Here, new gel diets having different yeast concentrations (g/L water) were also assessed for rearing B. dorsalis larvae. Gel diets containing 20 g/L yeast led to a higher pupation, pupal weight and adult eclosion rate, and a shorter developmental time than other yeast concentrations. Moreover, the present gel diet also resulted in greater pupal production and adult emergence rates than previously used liquid and solid artificial diets, revealing that it is suitable for rearing B. dorsalis larvae. This research provides a useful reference on artificial diets mixtures for mass rearing B. dorsalis, which is critical for employing the sterile insect technique.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Criação de Animais Domésticos/métodos , Oviposição , Tephritidae/fisiologia , Animais , Dieta , Feminino , Fertilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Larva/fisiologia , Masculino , Oviposição/efeitos dos fármacos , Pupa/efeitos dos fármacos , Pupa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Pupa/fisiologia , Sacarose/administração & dosagem , Tephritidae/efeitos dos fármacos , Tephritidae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fermento Seco/administração & dosagem
2.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 108-113, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940613

RESUMO

The advent of the "genomic era" has allowed for nutrigenomics studies to be carried out, which aim to reveal whether there are interactions between the food we consume and our genetic make-up. In turn this information will provide the scientific basis for improved public health messages related to nutrition and diet. With the availability of high throughput, inexpensive and sometime "bed-side" technology, studies into the effect of diet on the aetiology of common oral diseases and oral conditions could now be easily carried out. It is becoming more and more convincing that interactions between genotype and diet are important in determining the risk of most if not all common complex diseases, and it is therefore highly probable that these interactions will be important in determining oral disease risk. A large body of data relating to nutritional genetic studies where the outcome measures have been markers of disease risk, provide proof of principle and highlight the importance of understanding these interactions, illustrating the potential impact dietary modification could have on oral health. These are areas of growth that need to be investigated further.


Assuntos
Nutrigenômica , Saúde Bucal , Dieta , Alimentos , Estado Nutricional
3.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 125-133, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940617

RESUMO

Due to the increasing focus on host inflammatory processes with regard to the aetiology of periodontal disease, diet has become an important factor in host modulation. Recent investigations showed that the industrialized western diet, which is characterized by highly processed foods (processed carbohydrates like sugar, white flour, and processed fatty acids like trans fats) and a low micronutrient density, promotes gingival and periodontal inflammation. On the other hand, a plant-based diet rich in low-glycaemic, complex carbohydrates (like in fruits, vegetables, legumes), Omega-3 fatty acids, micronutrients (like vitamins, minerals), phytochemicals, plant nitrates, and fibres seems to bring benefits as well for periodontal inflammation as for caries, and general health. This chapter aims to present the underlying studies and possible mechanisms.


Assuntos
Dieta , Doenças Periodontais , Humanos , Micronutrientes , Verduras , Vitaminas
4.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 114-124, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940618

RESUMO

Malnutrition can significantly affect oral health, and poor oral health in turn can result in malnutrition. This co-dependent relationship, therefore, relies on good nutritional health promoting good oral health and vice versa. A diet lacking nutrients can lead to disease progression of the oral cavity through altered tissue homeostasis, reduced resistance to microbial biofilm, and a decrease in tissue healing. It may also affect the development of the oral cavity. In the absence of contributing factors, health professionals should consider poor nutritional status with periodontitis, poor healing response to surgical procedures, or recurrent oral disease. This is particularly evident amongst elderly patients and patients in long-stay care. The role of nutrition in oral health and its effects on the immune system and inflammatory pathways has attracted a recent increase in research. This chapter will explore the oral manifestations that can occur with nutritional deficiencies, the association of periodontitis with nutritional deficiencies in vitamins C and D, and the effect of vitamin D deficiency and tooth development.


Assuntos
Estado Nutricional , Saúde Bucal , Idoso , Dieta , Humanos , Nutrientes , Vitaminas
5.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 22-31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940622

RESUMO

The foods in the diet contain a wide range of organic and inorganic compounds. Considering these from an elemental perspective, 5 so-called macroelements, calcium, potassium, sodium, phosphorus and chlorine, are contained in comparatively large quantities in foods compared to all other elements. This chapter attempts to review the importance of these dietary macroelements on oral health, and in particular their role in tooth loss, dental caries, erosive tooth wear and periodontal disease. Calcium and phosphate make up the bulk of the mineralized human tissues. Adequate intake of both is therefore of crucial importance in maintaining the health, function and retention of teeth and bones. Supplementation of the diet with calcium has also been shown to aid in maintaining and improving oral health. Several attempts have been made to lessen the erosive potential of beverages through calcium supplementation. Adequate calcium intake is also crucial for maintaining periodontal health. In many areas, however, the evidence is still emerging or controversial. Phosphate supplementation of the diet was once thought to decrease caries incidence, although studies in children were not successful. Furthermore, little attention has been paid to the other macroelements, highlighting the need for more well-controlled and comprehensive studies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Cálcio , Criança , Cloro , Dieta , Humanos , Minerais , Sódio
6.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 68-76, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940627

RESUMO

Sugar is added to food for a multitude of functions: fermentation, preservation, physical and chemical, and also to satisfy the consumer's preference for sweetness. Unfortunately, sugar consumption is also a main aetiological factor for dental caries. The relationship between sugar and caries was established in the latter half of the 19th century. Many factors influence this relationship: the availability of sugar for bacterial digestion, the presence of acidogenic bacteria in the plaque on teeth, and the ability of fluoride and saliva to counteract bacteria and acids. The importance of the frequency of administering sugars over the amount has been demonstrated in various studies in humans. Through guidelines, world and national health organizations advocate the reduction of sugar consumption to below 10E% (daily dietary energy percentage consumption per capita), but voluntary implementation on an individual basis is difficult for many, and maybe more compulsory strategies that aim to reduce both the amount and frequency of sugar intake are needed.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Placa Dentária , Dieta , Fluoretos , Humanos , Açúcares
7.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 1-13, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940634

RESUMO

Diet and nutrition are fundamental in maintaining the general and oral health of populations. Diet refers to the total amount of food consumed by individuals; whereas nutrition is the process of utilising food for growth, metabolism and repair of tissues. The relationship between diet and nutrition and health is 2-way; health status can be affected by nutrient deficiency and vice versa. Dietary guidelines have been developed to provide evidence-based food and beverage recommendations for populations; aiming to promote a diet that meets the nutrient requirement, and to prevent diet-related diseases such as dental caries and obesity. Based on the amount required by the human body for normal metabolism, growth and physical well-being, nutrients are divided into 2 categories: macronutrients consisting of proteins, carbohydrates and fat; and micronutrients consisting of vitamins and minerals. Fats are the most energy-dense macronutrient; whereas carbohydrates are quantitatively the most important dietary energy source for most populations. Proteins are vital structural and functional components within every cell of the body and are essential for growth and repair and maintenance of health. Vitamins and minerals, which are found in small amounts in most foods, are essential for normal metabolic function. This chapter provides an overview of the impact of nutrients on general and oral health, with an emphasis on macronutrients.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Dieta , Humanos , Política Nutricional , Estado Nutricional , Vitaminas
8.
Monogr Oral Sci ; 28: 134-147, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31940641

RESUMO

An individual's oral health status has a profound impact on his/her acquisition and utilization of nutrients and interchangeably the nutrients an individual consumes determine the state of oral health by preventing tooth loss and oral diseases. Oral diseases have a considerable impact on the masticatory function which is a critical first step in oral processing of food materials for nutrient procurement. Specifically, a section of this chapter is dedicated to the physiology of masticatory function and to the recent acknowledgement of its influence on memory and cognition, both during development and aging. A description of the occlusal and skeletal pathologies that affect the balance of the chewing pattern and related muscular activation is provided. Intact neurocognitive functions and dentition are essential in mastication to achieve coordinated movements of the teeth and tongue to help propel the food material for ingestion and subsequent nutrient absorption. The tongue is equipped with chemoreceptive, gustatory cells, which modulate taste perception and contain metabolic hormones mediating satiety. Concomitantly, salivary processes, which are stimulated with the anticipation of food ingestion and those which occur during mastication of the food material, initiate digestive enzymes in the mouth and stomach and are important in affecting appetite and food bioavailability. Therefore, oral structures such as the dentition, tongue, and saliva in the context of mastication and nutrient acquisition will be reviewed as well as their impact on food choice and subsequent nutritional status.


Assuntos
Mastigação , Saúde Bucal , Dieta , Feminino , Masculino , Percepção Gustatória
9.
Praxis (Bern 1994) ; 109(1): 31-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910767

RESUMO

CoLaus: Diet, the Forgotten Key to Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases Abstract. Healthy eating is paramount for the prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases. Still, data from the CoLaus study show that dietary management of cardiovascular risk factors and cardiovascular disease is little implemented. Less than one fifth of participants with dyslipidemia reported being on a hypolipidemic diet, and only half of participants with diabetes reported being on an antidiabetic diet. Further, the occurrence of a myocardial infarction was not associated with an improvement in dietary quality.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Diabetes Mellitus , Dieta , Dislipidemias , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Diabetes Mellitus/prevenção & controle , Dislipidemias/prevenção & controle , Humanos
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18575, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895803

RESUMO

This was a meta-analysis of epidemiological articles that aimed to estimate the association of garlic intake with the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC).Electronic databases, including the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PubMed, and EMBASE, were systemically searched from inception to May 2019 to identify related articles. In addition, a random model was used to pool the included evidence based on heterogeneity. Additionally, subgroup analyses were carried out to examine the differences between different groups. The stability of our findings was tested through sensitivity analyses. Publication bias was also assessed by Egger and Begg tests. Moreover, all enrolled studies were ordered according to the publication year for a cumulative meta-analysis.A total of 11 studies (involving 12,558 cases) were included in the current meta-analysis. Our integrated relative risk (RR) of CRC was 0.80 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.69-0.91) for the highest versus the lowest garlic consumption categories (RR: 0.71 [95% CI, 0.60-0.84] for controls and RR: 0.99 [95% CI, 0.80-1.23] for cohorts). There was significant heterogeneity across all enrolled studies (I = 68.3%, P < .01). The sensitivity analysis revealed no notable alterations of the integrated results. According to the funnel plot regarding garlic intake and the risk of CRC, together with the Egger test (P = .1) and Begg test (P = .064) results, there was no notable evidence of publication bias. The cumulative meta-analysis suggested that the 95% CIs became narrower with the increase in sample size.Based on the existing evidence, garlic intake could reduce the risk of CRC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/etiologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Alho , Adulto , Idoso , Ingestão de Alimentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco
12.
Biosci Biotechnol Biochem ; 84(1): 25-30, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31516064

RESUMO

The Japanese orange fly, Bactrocera tsuneonis, infests various citrus crops. While male pheromone components accumulated in the rectal glands are well characterized for Bactrocera, but information regarding the chemical factors involved in the life cycles of B. tsuneonis remains scarce. Herein, several volatile chemicals including a γ-decalactone, (3R,4R)-3-hydroxy-4-decanolide [(3R,4R)-HD], were identified as major components, along with acetamide and spiroketals as minor components in the rectal gland complexes of male B. tsuneonis flies. The lactone (3R,4R)-HD was also identified in female rectal gland complexes. The amount of this compound in mature males was significantly higher than those observed in females and immature males. The lactone (3R,4R)-HD was detected in flies fed with sucrose only, indicating that this lactone is not derived from dietary sources during adulthood, but biosynthesized in vivo. The predominant accumulation of (3R,4R)-HD in mature males also suggests a possible role in reproductive behavior.


Assuntos
Lactonas/química , Glândula de Sal/química , Tephritidae/fisiologia , Acetamidas/síntese química , Acetamidas/química , Animais , Cromatografia Gasosa , Citrus , Dieta , Feminino , Furanos/síntese química , Furanos/química , Japão , Lactonas/síntese química , Masculino , Espectrometria de Massas , Reprodução/fisiologia , Atrativos Sexuais/química , Comportamento Sexual Animal/fisiologia , Compostos de Espiro/síntese química , Compostos de Espiro/química , Sacarose
13.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104553, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563004

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of replacing a saturated fat diet by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA), on alveolar bone loss in hypercholesterolemic rats with experimental periodontitis (PD). METHODS: Eight week old Wistar rats were assigned according to dietary intake. Control group (C, n = 15) fed a commercial diet throughout the experiment. Atherogenic group (AT, n = 30) fed AT diet for 3 weeks; thereafter, AT was randomized to receive either a n-3PUFA (n = 15) or to continue with AT (n = 15) diet. Subsequently, PD was induced in all groups by unilateral ligature (L) of the first molar (M1) of the left mandible, non-ligated contralateral molars served as controls. After every week of PD induction, 5 rats per group were euthanized. Serum was collected for lipids assays and hemi-mandibles were subjected to histomorphometric (% upper and lower interradicular bone volume and periodontal ligament height, hPDL) and radiographic analyses (periodontal bone support, PBS, in ligated teeth, between M1-M2). RESULTS: Rats fed n-3PUFA diet rapidly induced a significant reduction in the serum lipids (p < 0.001). In all rats the ligated teeth showed a greater bone loss as compared with the unligated molars. At the end of the experiment the AT + L was the worst in % lower bone volume (p < 0.01), hPDL and PBS (p < 0.05). In contrast, rats fed n-3PUFA + L was similar to those rats fed C diet (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Alveolar bone and dyslipidemia improved by substituting saturated fat intake for a n-3PUFA rich diet, in hypercholesterolemic rats with PD.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/terapia , Dieta , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Óleos de Peixe/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/fisiopatologia , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Animais , Dislipidemias/terapia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
14.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 394-400, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31637726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The present study examined the potential for 'Smart Food' with respect to contributing to the Sustainable Development Goal 2 of ending malnutrition by 2030, using a small-scale capacity building case study in Oe Be Village, Myingyan district, Mandalay region, Myanmar. Within the study site, refined white rice is the major staple, followed by vegetables and animal source food in inadequate quantities. The protein intake in this particular dry zone community meets only 50% of the daily requirement and even less for those children aged less than 23 months. Therefore, to determine the acceptance and opportunity for legumes and millets which are produced locally, nutritious formulations were introduced for various age groups. In addition, a sensory evaluation of the recipes was conducted to test the acceptance of the nutritious products. RESULTS: Two weeks of the inclusion of millets and pigeonpea in the diets of children aged 6-23 months had a positive impact on wasting, stunting and underweight (P = 0.002, 0.014 and 0.023, respectively). Moreover, the acceptability of these new food products by the children was found to be high. These results indicate an unexplored opportunity for specific millets rich in iron, zinc and calcium, as well as for pigeonpea rich in protein, if prepared in a culturally acceptable way. CONCLUSION: The impact and acceptability of this small scale and short-term intervention indicate the potential for Smart Food products in filling the nutrition gap arising from the traditional food consumption habits in the dry zones of Myanmar. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Cajanus/metabolismo , Milhetes/metabolismo , Cajanus/química , Cálcio na Dieta/análise , Cálcio na Dieta/metabolismo , Pré-Escolar , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Ferro/análise , Ferro/metabolismo , Masculino , Milhetes/química , Mianmar , Estado Nutricional , População Rural
15.
Food Chem ; 305: 125458, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31505416

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to elucidate the effects of feeding flaxseed meal (FSM) and turmeric rhizome powder (TRP) supplementation on tissue lipid profile, lipid metabolism, health indices, oxidative stability, and physical properties of broiler chicken meat. The 100 g FSM along with 10.0 g TRP supplementation significantly increased the ω-3 PUFA, particularly ALA, EPA, DPA, and DHA of broiler chicken meat due to the corresponding increase ∆9 and Δ5 + Δ6 desaturase activities. The increased activities of the desaturases resulted in significantly better health indices of the broiler chicken meat. The feeding of 100 g FSM along with 10.0 g TRP supplementation reduced the atherogenic and thrombogenic indices of broiler chicken meat. The 100 g FSM feeding reduced the oxidative stability, water holding capacity, extract release volume of broiler chicken meat and increased drip loss, whereas, 10.0 g TRP supplementation reversed these negative effects of FSM.


Assuntos
Ração Animal/análise , Curcuma/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/análise , Linho/metabolismo , Carne/análise , Animais , Antioxidantes/química , Galinhas , Dieta , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Oxirredução , Estearoil-CoA Dessaturase/metabolismo
17.
Food Chem ; 305: 125445, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31499288

RESUMO

This research compared the distribution and mobility of water in the longissimus thoracis muscle of 51 Apulo-Calabrese and 52 crossbred pigs differing in growth performances. The Apulo-Calabrese and crossbreed pigs were fed the same diet and slaughtered at 135 and 155 kg live weight, respectively. Besides meat quality measurement, water status was assessed from transverse relaxation time (T2) weighted signals registered by Time Domain Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (TD-NMR). A mixed model indicated that Apulo-Calabrese pigs had higher a* (P-value < 0.0001), chroma (P-value < 0.0001) and total intensity (P-value = 0.011) values. A Principal Component Analysis showed that the samples from Apulo-Calabrese had higher scores along Principal Component (PC) 2 (P-value = 4.07 × 10-5) and lower scores along PC3 (P-value = 1.50 × 10-7). However PC2 and PC3 explained a low fraction of the total variance, suggesting that few differences characterize meat quality traits of the two genetic types.


Assuntos
Carne/análise , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Água/química , Animais , Dieta , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Análise de Componente Principal
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18323, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852122

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common endocrine disorders in women of reproductive age. PCOS has a significant negative impact on the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and psychological function of women, of which there are reports of high levels of depression in women with PCOS compared to those without PCOS. However, the evidence surrounding the effects of exercise and/or dietary intervention participation on the HRQoL of women with PCOS is limited. Therefore, our objective is to examine the effects of lifestyle interventions (definition include exercise-only, diet-only, exercise + diet and behavioral or combined) on health-related quality of life or general quality of life in women with PCOS. METHODS: We will conduct an update of systematic review and we will follow the recommendations and guidelines of the Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews and Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocol (PRISMA-P). We will search the studies in the following databases: MEDLINE. PubMed, PsychINFO, Embase, SportDiscus, Web of Science, Cochrane Database (via Cochrane library), Cochrane Controlled Register of Trials (CENTRAL), and Google Scholar (advance). Manual search of the reference list of identified works, without language and year restrictions. The process of study selection and data extraction will be performed independently by 2 reviewers, with a third reviewer being responsible for the final decision in case of disagreement between the first two. We will use Egger funnel chart to evaluate possible publication biases, in addition, when possible we will perform a subgroup/meta-regression analysis. The strength of the evidence will be assessed according to the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE). PROTOCOL REGISTRY: PROSPERO number: CRD42019124176.


Assuntos
Estilo de Vida , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Dieta/métodos , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Metanálise como Assunto , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/psicologia , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
19.
J Dent Hyg ; 93(6): 42-50, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31882560

RESUMO

Purpose. To determine the association of eating competence and Mediterranean diet adherence with oral health and to examine if they lessen any impact of food insecurity on oral health of SNAP-eligible persons.Methods. Free clinic patrons (n=93) in Pennsylvania evaluated oral health nutrition education via an online survey. The Satter Eating Competence Inventory, Mediterranean diet and USDA Food Security scores were compared to tested measures of oral health as assessed by self-report.Results. Respondents noted food insecurity (33%), food selection (32%), and oral health problems that interfered with life satisfaction (30%), and unafforded dental care (60%). Mediterranean diet adherence was associated with annual dental visits (82% vs. 46%, p=.026). Competent eaters had greater food security and less frequently reported oral health issues interfering with life satisfaction (13% vs. 43%; p=.002) or avoiding particular foods (18% vs 45%; p=.006). These relationships remained significant controlling for low-income (p=.008, p=.006 respectively) but not when controlling for food security.Conclusions. Competent eaters had fewer oral health issues except when controlling for food security, a considerable challenge to oral health.


Assuntos
Assistência Alimentar , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Alimentos , Abastecimento de Alimentos , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Pobreza
20.
Eur J Paediatr Dent ; 20(4): 257, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31850766

RESUMO

Activation of taste buds starts during the 30th week of gestation, when the amniotic liquid and its composition variations caused by the maternal diet may stimulate foetal taste receptors. This early activation appears as a first step in the development of gustatory sensory memory, which will shape the preference for sweet, sour or salty taste, thus affecting the food choices of the future newborn and child. Individual sensitivity and the subsequent preference for the sweet taste are also determined by the presence of specific receptors and genetic factors (tasirR gene polymorphism). The development of individual preferences for some food over others is a complex process that entails both motivational and behavioural factors along with specific genetic aspects. From an evolutionary standpoint, the preference for the sweet or umami taste is due to the need to be attracted by energy-rich foods. Nowadays this need no longer exists, however the "affinity" for energy-rich foods goes back to this evolutionary advantage. In practical terms, the first stimulations of taste buds start in the womb through the amniotic liquid and then continue through the maternal milk which, as stated, changes composition as a consequence of the mother's diet. Therefore, mothers should eat a balanced diet that includes all the major classes of nutrients in order to stimulate the foetus' taste. This would promote the future baby's curiosity for all types of foods, favouring healthy food choices with regard to sweet and salty taste. The paediatric dentist can spread and promote a healthy food lifestyle from the gestation period. We will then be able to counteract a possible innate preference for sweet (and salty) taste, which can be reinforced or modified by the offering and availability of food, as well as family and cultural influences even before infancy. When parents eat healthy they set a good example for the child, thus fulfilling the aims of primary prevention, while still contributing to the success of prenatal prevention alongside the paediatric dentist.


Assuntos
Preferências Alimentares , Paladar , Doces , Criança , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mães , Gravidez
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