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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5231-5259, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570421

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Prostate cancer is one of the most common cancers in men which remains a global public health issue. Treatment of prostate cancer is becoming increasingly intensive and aggressive, with a corresponding increase in resistance, toxicity and side effects. This has revived an interest in nontoxic and cost-effective preventive strategies including dietary compounds due to the multiple effects they have been shown to have in various oncogenic signalling pathways, with relatively few significant adverse effects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To identify such dietary components and micronutrients and define their prostate cancer-specific actions, we systematically reviewed the current literature for the pertinent mechanisms of action and effects on the modulation of prostate carcinogenesis, along with relevant updates from epidemiological and clinical studies. RESULTS: Evidence from various recent experimental, clinical and epidemiological studies indicates that select dietary micronutrients (i.e., lycopene, epigallocatechin gallate, sulforaphane, indole-3-carbinol, resveratrol, quercetin, curcumin & piperine) and zinc play a key role in prostate cancer prevention and progression and therefore hold great promise for the future overall management of prostate cancer. CONCLUSION: A formulation that comprises these micronutrients using the optimal, safest form and dosing should be investigated in future prostate cancer chemoprevention studies and as part of standard prostate cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Produtos Biológicos/uso terapêutico , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/prevenção & controle , Animais , Quimioprevenção/métodos , Dieta/métodos , Estudos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Micronutrientes/farmacologia , Micronutrientes/uso terapêutico
2.
Cent Eur J Public Health ; 27(3): 251-255, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31580563

RESUMO

Trends in dietary nutrition and their personalization are progress in medical science and point out the necessity of adaptation and development of innovations in health system. The main objective of this article is to review the role of dietary fibre as prebiotics in nutrition with different functionality, its influence on modulation of intestinal microbiota, which has an essential role in maintenance of healthy organisms in people of all ages.


Assuntos
Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Prebióticos , Dieta , Fibras na Dieta , Microbioma Gastrointestinal/fisiologia , Estado Nutricional , Prebióticos/administração & dosagem
3.
Water Sci Technol ; 80(3): 437-447, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596255

RESUMO

The study evaluated the residual effect of the known enteric methane inhibitor 3-nitrooxypropanol (3NOP) on anaerobic digestion of cattle feces (feces) in a CH4 potential batch test and two consecutive runs of an anaerobic leach bed reactor at a solids retention time of 40 days. The feces used in this study were collected from beef cattle fed forage- (backgrounding) or grain- (finishing) based diets supplemented with 3NOP in feedlot and metabolism studies. The results showed that CH4 yields were not significantly different from treatments using control feces and feces collected from cattle fed a diet supplemented with 3NOP in both CH4 potential and leach bed studies. Spiking feces with 200 mg 3NOP kg-1 dry matter decreased CH4 production rate by 8.0-18.1% estimated from the Gompertz equation, increased the lag phase time (0.4-3.4 d) in all the treatments, while there was no significant difference in the overall CH4 yield. Results from this study showed that 3NOP can be used as an effective enteric CH4 inhibitor with no residual effect on anaerobic digestion.


Assuntos
Ração Animal , Metano/metabolismo , Propanóis , Animais , Bovinos , Dieta , Fezes , Carne Vermelha
4.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1161: 243-253, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562634

RESUMO

Flavonoids are plant secondary metabolites that act as protectants against harmful effects of UV-B radiation inasmuch as biotic stress, conferring at the same time pigmentation of fruits and leaves [67]. The term "flavonoid" refers to phenolics having a basic skeleton of diphenylpropane (C6-C3-C6), which consists of two aromatic rings linked through three carbons that usually form an oxygenated heterocycle [25, 52]. Flavonoids are broken down into several different sub-categories based on their chemical structure. The main subclasses commonly found in food items are: flavonols, flavones, flavanones, flavan-3-ols, proanthocyanidins, and anthocyanins [44, 67]. Figure 19.1 depicts the major classification of flavonoids according to their chemical structure. Their occurrence in food matrices has been extensively reviewed [39, 44], and has been subject of extensive research in the last decades. Table 19.1 contains a few examples of compounds from each of the subcategory, with the fruit (berry) in which they are commonly found. The monomeric unit of flavonoids can dimerize and polymerize to form other important high molecular weight molecules; this is the case of proanthocyanidins, that are polymers of flavan-3-ols or flavanols. Not only do these compounds act as plant protectants, but they can also be very beneficial to human health. Cohorts studies performed in the early '90 have shown that dietary consumption of flavonoids was inversely associated with morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease [31, 32]. These findings have opened an intensive field of research on the effects of flavonoids and flavonoids-rich food extracts in cardiovascular diseases (CVD) progression, particularly in the modulating CVD-associated oxidative stress and inflammation. In this short review, we will summarize the current findings in flavonoids beneficial effects in preventing CVD through inhibition of initial stages of CVD progression. Given the magnitude of scientific literature in the field, we will focus on two strictly mechanistic aspects: inhibition of chemical-induced LDL oxidation, and the effect of flavonoids in the monocyte/macrophages activation pathways.


Assuntos
Colesterol , Flavonoides , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos , Colesterol/metabolismo , Dieta , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Humanos , Inflamação/fisiopatologia , Oxirredução
5.
Adv Mind Body Med ; 33(2): 4-11, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476135

RESUMO

Background: Graves' disease is known as a chronic and incurable disease. The typical treatment is symptom-based and consists of medications, radioiodine, or surgery. These last two treatments are routinely offered to the 50% of patients that do not respond to drug therapy. Here we report the case of a patient who was able to normalize her thyroid hormones as well as her autoimmune markers in 6 months with the exclusive implementation of lifestyle interventions. Summary: A 34-year-old Dutch, Caucasian female diagnosed with Graves' disease since 2014 implemented lifestyle modifications, which included dietary change to an ancestral type of diet, oral health interventions, practice of kundalini yoga, avoidance of environmental toxicants (by only eating organic food, drinking filtered water, and using natural products to clean her house or for her personal hygiene) and supportive supplements when necessary. The patient did not take any antithyroid drugs or beta-blockers during this period nor any other type of medication that could have had immunosuppressant effects. After 6 months of engaging in these lifestyle interventions, her thyroid analysis normalized and no anti-thyrotropin receptor antibodies were negative. Conclusion: This case report demonstrates that Graves' disease can effectively be put into lasting remission without conventional medical interventions. It also emphasizes the importance of a healthy lifestyle as a first line intervention for all patients but especially in the particular case of patients suffering from Graves' disease.


Assuntos
Doença de Graves , Estilo de Vida , Adulto , Antitireóideos/uso terapêutico , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Feminino , Doença de Graves/terapia , Humanos , Radioisótopos do Iodo/uso terapêutico , Ioga
6.
JAMA ; 322(12): 1150-1151, 2019 09 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550012
7.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10756-10763, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483626

RESUMO

AFEX treatment of crop residues can greatly increase their nutrient availability for ruminants. This study investigated the concentration of acetamide, an ammoniation byproduct, in AFEX-treated crop residues and in milk and meat from ruminants fed these residues. Acetamide concentrations in four AFEX-treated cereal crop residues were comparable and reproducible (4-7 mg/g dry matter). A transient acetamide peak in milk was detected following introduction of AFEX-treated residues to the diet, but an alternative regimen showed the peak can be effectively mitigated. Milk acetamide concentration following this transition was 6 and 10 ppm for cattle and buffalo, respectively, but also decreased over time for cattle while tending to decrease (p = 0.08) for buffalo. There was no difference in acetamide concentration in the meat of cattle consuming AFEX-treated residues for 160 days compared to controls. Further investigation is necessary to determine the metabolism of acetamide in ruminants and a maximum acceptable daily intake for humans.


Assuntos
Acetamidas/análise , Ração Animal/análise , Bovinos/metabolismo , Produtos Agrícolas/química , Resíduos de Drogas/análise , Contaminação de Alimentos/análise , Carne/análise , Leite/química , Acetamidas/metabolismo , Amônia/química , Animais , Búfalos , Dieta/veterinária , Digestão , Leite/metabolismo
8.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(9): 70-77, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31561693

RESUMO

Fasting and feasting are integral part of many religions and cultures. As the amount of food and fluid intake are markedly altered during these phases, patients with diabetes are prone to higher risk of complications. Even though several guidelines for fasting and feasting are available; Indian specific recommendations are the need of the hour, because of the distinct dietary habits and the diet content (high carbohydrate) of Indians. To fill this void, the current guidelines have been developed by experts from India who extensively reviewed the literature, shared their practical knowledge and ultimately arrived at a consensus.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Jejum , Dieta , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Índia
9.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(8): 622-623, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474047

RESUMO

We used Excel program to compile nutrition calculation program. A nutrition database for daily diet of patients with critical burns is established based on data sources of Chinese food composition table (2002 edition) , Chinese food culture academic symposium collection and common food nutrition table of the sports nutrition research center of Sports Medical Research Institute of General Administration of Sports of China, and label values of nutrition components of packaged food. According to the proportion of food net content, the formulas are adopted for calculating the dietary nutrition composition of patients with critical burns. An electronic scale is used to weigh the quality of food ingested through the mouth and gastric tube. After recording the weight into Excel scale, the value of nutrition content in patients' diet can be quickly and accurately generated automatically. It is convenient to calculate the water intake and output, which can quickly and accurately provide the dietary status assessment for patients with critical burns. It can not only calculate the total energy and water intake amount, but also calculate the daily protein intake and proportions of the three major nutrients in energy supply. Therefore, it provides a credible basis for further strengthening and improving nutritional support.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/terapia , Apoio Nutricional , Peso Corporal , China , Dieta , Humanos , Software
10.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1200: 71-89, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471795

RESUMO

The ability to adapt to changing environmental conditions is critical for any species to survive. Many environmental changes occur too rapidly for an organism's genome to adapt in time. Accordingly, being able to modify either its own phenotype, or the phenotype of its offspring to better suit future anticipated environmental conditions could afford an organism a significant advantage. However, a range of animal models and human epidemiological data sets are now showing that environmental factors such as changes in the quality or quantity of an individual's diet, temperature, stress or exposure to pollutants can all adversely affect the quality of parental gametes, the development of the preimplantation embryo and the health and wellbeing of offspring over multiple generations. This chapter will examine transgenerational effects of both maternal and paternal environmental factors on offspring development and wellbeing in both human and animal model studies. Changes in the epigenetic status of either parental or grand-parental gametes provide one candidate mechanism through which the impacts of environmental experience can be passed from one generation to another. This chapter will therefore also focus on the impact of parental and grand-parental diet on epigenetic transgenerational inheritance and offspring phenotype.


Assuntos
Adaptação Biológica/genética , Dieta , Meio Ambiente , Epigênese Genética , Animais , Humanos , Modelos Animais , Fenótipo
11.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 119, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489097

RESUMO

Introduction: The prison population in low-income countries is a group vulnerable to undernutrition, particularly incarcerated women. The aim of the study is to assess the nutritional status of women in prison and to determine the social profile and prison conditions related to undernutrition. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 125 women prisoners in Antanimora prison located in the city of Antananarivo, Madagascar. All women detained for 3 months or more at the time of the survey were included in the study. Data collection was conducted in May and June 2013. A survey of women and anthropometric measurements were carried out to collect the data. Results: The proportion of undernourished female prisoners is 38.4%. Five percent of pregnant and lactating women and 44.3% of non-lactating and non-pregnant women are undernourished. The factors related to undernutrition of women prisoners are: taking two meals a day instead of three meals (p = 0.003), insufficient energy intake (p < 0.001), incarceration duration of more than 10 months (p < 0.001), absence of family visits (p = 0.013) and lack of financial assistance from family (p = 0.013). Conclusion: Improving the prisoners' diets and assistance from family both help to fight against prisoner undernutrition in prisons.


Assuntos
Ingestão de Energia/fisiologia , Desnutrição/epidemiologia , Estado Nutricional , Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Lactação/fisiologia , Madagáscar/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(7): 784-789, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413216

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between dietary zinc intake and phalangeal osteoporosis.
 Methods: The subjects of this study were members aged over 40 years or above of the general population who had undergone routine health examinations at Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in Changsha, Hunan, China, between October 2013 and December 2015. Dietary zinc intake was measured using the semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire. Phalangeal osteoporosis was diagnosed according to the WHO criteria based on the assessment of bone mineral density. According to the quartile distribution, serum zinc concentrations were classified into categories: Q1≤15.40 mg/d, Q2 15.41-18.67 mg/d, Q3 18.68-22.76 mg/d, and Q4≥22.77 mg/d. The association between dietary zinc intake with phalangeal osteoporosis was evaluated by conducting multivariable adjusted logistic regression. The dose-response relationship between them was assessed by restricted cubic spline regression.
 Results: A total of 6 267 subjects were included, 602 (9.6%) among them were suffered from phalangeal osteoporosis. The multivariable-adjusted models (i.e. Model 2 and 3) showed that, compared with the lowest quartile, the odds ratios (ORs) for phalangeal osteoporosis were lower in the second, third and fourth quartiles of dietary zinc intake (Model 2: P for trend = 0.045; Model 3: P for trend = 0.031) in the total population; the ORs for phalangeal osteoporosis were lower in the third and fourth quartiles of dietary zinc intake (Model 2 and 3: P for trend = 0.018) in the male population; and the ORs for phalangeal osteoporosis were lower in the second, third and fourth dietary zinc intake quartiles (Model 2: P for trend = 0.227; Model 3: P for trend = 0.217) in the female population. There also existed dose-response relationship between dietary zinc intake and the prevalence of phalangeal osteoporosis (P<0.001).
 Conclusion: Dietary zinc intake is negatively associated with phalangeal osteoporosis in the total population and male subgroup, but not female subgroup.


Assuntos
Osteoporose , Adulto , China , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Zinco
13.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(7): 1022-1031, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389518

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The energy imbalance produced by an increase in caloric intake and/or decrease in energy expenditure induces obesity. However, the fatty acid composition of a diet can affect the metabolism in different ways, having a role in the development of obesity. AIM: To determine the effect of different fatty acids types and composition on Diet-Induced Thermogenesis (DIT) and postprandial energy expenditure in humans. METHODS: A search in the PubMed and Web of Science databases, yielded a total of 269 potential articles as a first result; 254 were excluded according to the criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen articles were used for this systematic review. The studies analyzed report different effects of the fatty acids of the treatment on the diet-induced thermogenesis. Evidence indicates that the consumption of polyunsaturated fatty acids causes a greater DIT than saturated fatty acids. Also, the consumption of medium-chain fatty acids compared to long-chain fatty acids has been shown to increase DIT. Likewise, the use of certain oils has shown positive effects on postprandial energy expenditure, as is the case of olive oil, compared to rapeseed oil. CONCLUSIONS: The use of specific types of fatty acids in the everyday diet can increase postprandial energy expenditure in humans. Nevertheless, longer-term studies are required.


Assuntos
Metabolismo Energético/fisiologia , Ácidos Graxos/química , Refeições/fisiologia , Período Pós-Prandial/fisiologia , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Termogênese/fisiologia
14.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 338, 2019 Aug 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31375063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In native environments plants frequently experience simultaneous or sequential unfavourable abiotic and biotic stresses. The plant's response to combined stresses is usually not the sum of the individual responses. Here we investigated the impact of cold on plant defense against subsequent herbivory by a generalist and specialist insect. RESULTS: We determined transcriptional responses of Arabidopsis thaliana to low temperature stress (4 °C) and subsequent larval feeding damage by the lepidopteran herbivores Mamestra brassicae (generalist), Pieris brassicae (specialist) or artificial wounding. Furthermore, we compared the performance of larvae feeding upon cold-experienced or untreated plants. Prior experience of cold strongly affected the plant's transcriptional anti-herbivore and wounding response. Feeding by P. brassicae, M. brassicae and artificial wounding induced transcriptional changes of 1975, 1695, and 2239 genes, respectively. Of these, 125, 360, and 681 genes were differentially regulated when cold preceded the tissue damage. Overall, prior experience of cold mostly reduced the transcriptional response of genes to damage. The percentage of damage-responsive genes, which showed attenuated transcriptional regulation when cold preceded the tissue damage, was highest in M. brassicae damaged plants (98%), intermediate in artificially damaged plants (89%), and lowest in P. brassicae damaged plants (69%). Consistently, the generalist M. brassicae performed better on cold-treated than on untreated plants, whereas the performance of the specialist P. brassicae did not differ. CONCLUSIONS: The transcriptional defense response of Arabidopsis leaves to feeding by herbivorous insects and artificial wounding is attenuated by a prior exposure of the plant to cold. This attenuation correlates with improved performance of the generalist herbivore M. brassicae, but not the specialist P. brassicae, a herbivore of the same feeding guild.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Herbivoria , Animais , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Borboletas/fisiologia , Resposta ao Choque Frio , Dieta , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/fisiologia , Herbivoria/fisiologia , Larva , Mariposas/fisiologia , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Transcriptoma
15.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(7): 388-396, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408589

RESUMO

Inhibition of hydrolysis of palmitic and oleic triglycedires (TG) in very low density lipoproteins (VLDL), slow formation of active apoВ-100 conformation, blockade of апоЕ/В-100 ligand formation in VLDL and their reduced uptake by insulin-dependent cells cause hypertriglyceridemia (HTG). Palmitic and oleic VLDL (>80% total VLDL) are not converted in low density lipoproteins (LDL). Atherosclerosis is not an alimentary deficiency of polyenic fatty acids (PFA), but results from low in vivo bioavailability of PFA in LDL against the background of high dietary palmitic FA and palmitic LDL. Plasma PFA content and cellular PFA deficiency are as high as LDL cholesterol (CL). Primary prevention of atherosclerosis should be based on a decrease in dietary content of palmitic saturated FA, trans FA and a moderate increase in PFA. It seems highly unlikely that the xeobiotics statins, fibrates and probucol produce pleiotropic biological effects in vivo. These effects are brought about by phylogenetically early humoral mediators eicosanoids: prostacyclins, prostaglandins, thromboxanes, leukotrienes, and resolvins. It is reasonable to suggest that all preparations which act according to the same algorithm activate TG hydrolysis in VLDL and normalize cellular uptake of PFA in linoleic and linolenic LDL via apoВ-100 endocytosis. Atherosclerosis is a syndrome of cellular deficiency of essential polyenic FA.


Assuntos
Dieta , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/farmacologia , Hipertrigliceridemia/patologia , Lipólise , Lipoproteínas VLDL/metabolismo , Ácidos Graxos/sangue , Ácidos Fíbricos/farmacologia , Humanos , Triglicerídeos
16.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4061-4064, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366488

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) may have an important role in metastasis. CTC clusters, which contain fibroblasts, indicate poor prognosis. In the present study, we used our malignant lymphoma metastatic mouse model to compare the effect of a choline-deficient-diet (CDD) and the control diet (CD) on fibroblasts in CTCs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We compared the number and morphology of CTCs in CDD and CD mice using color-coded imaging with fluorescent proteins. Malignant lymphoma EL4 cells expressing RFP were injected in the spleen of transgenic C57B/6-GFP mice, which were fed a CDD or CD. Two weeks later, we harvested and observed the number of CTCs and fibroblast-like cells both in heart blood and portal blood. Imaging of CTC morphology was performed with smeared glass slides and in culture. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: There was no significant difference in the number of CTCs between CDD and CD mice. The number of fibroblast-like cells in the CTC microenvironment in CD mouse portal blood was significantly larger than in CDD mouse portal blood. These differences may be caused by deficiency in choline that leads to less metastasis in choline-deficient-diet-induced fatty liver.


Assuntos
Colina/metabolismo , Linfoma/sangue , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/metabolismo , Células Estromais/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Deficiência de Colina/sangue , Deficiência de Colina/genética , Deficiência de Colina/patologia , Dieta/efeitos adversos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/patologia , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Humanos , Proteínas Luminescentes/química , Linfoma/genética , Linfoma/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Metástase Neoplásica , Células Neoplásicas Circulantes/patologia , Células Estromais/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral/genética
17.
An Bras Dermatol ; 94(3): 279-286, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365655

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exposure to UVR provides benefits related to vitamin D synthesis, but also causes harms, since UVB is considered a complete carcinogen. There is no definition of the level of sun exposure and the proportion of exposed body required for proper synthesis of vitamin D in the skin without causing it damage. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to analyze the sun exposure index, vitamin D levels and clinical changes in the skin caused by constant sun exposure in the fishermen population. METHODS: It is a cross-sectional, observational and analytical study. The sample consisted of fishermen and was calculated in 174 individuals. The questionnaire was applied, the dermatological examination was carried out and the examinations of calcidiol, parathyroid hormone, calcium and phosphorus were requested. Data were expressed as percentages. The comparative analysis was done through the Chi-square test, and the correlations were established through the Pearson's linear coefficient. Results: We observed that there was vitamin D deficiency in a small part of the cases (11.46%), and the frequency of diagnosis of skin cancer was 2.7% of the cases surveyed. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The difficulty in categorizing the sun exposure index. CONCLUSION: The fact that fishermen expose themselves to the sun chronically and have been exposed to the sun for more than 15 years, between 21 and 28 hours a week, and without photoprotection, were indicative factors for protection against vitamin D deficiency. Chronic exposure to sun and high vitamin levels D may be indicative of protection of this population against skin cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Cutâneas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/etiologia , Luz Solar , Raios Ultravioleta , Deficiência de Vitamina D/epidemiologia , Deficiência de Vitamina D/reabilitação , Vitamina D/biossíntese , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Nutricional , Inquéritos e Questionários , Vitamina D/sangue
18.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 91(3): e20181194, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411260

RESUMO

The present study demonstrates 30 plant bugs species associated with 50 records of prey and six records of mycophagy for Brazil. The data were compiled from Schuh's Catalog, the literature, specimens deposited in entomology museums and exemplars from different regions of Brazil sent for identification. Some of the data from the literature used did not presented complete information. This study aims to increase the knowledge of the relationships among plant bugs, prey and fungi and emphasize those species with potential for biological control strategies and pest integrated management.


Assuntos
Dieta/veterinária , Fungos , Heterópteros , Comportamento Predatório , Animais , Artrópodes , Brasil , Plantas
19.
Kardiologiia ; 59(7S): 4-14, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441736

RESUMO

The role of nutrition in the development and progression of atherosclerosis is well known. The correction of diet in patients with dyslipidemia is important as an independent intervention (in the group of patients with low and, partially, moderate cardiovascular risk), and as an addition to drug therapy in patients with at higher risk of cardiovascular events. The current review describes the effect of modern methods of diet therapy, as well as the use of a number of nutraceutical agents in terms of evidence-based medicine.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose , Dislipidemias , Dieta , Suplementos Nutricionais , Humanos , Estado Nutricional
20.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1121: 1-6, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31392647

RESUMO

Non communicable diseases (NCDs) become symptomatic in adulthood, but they mainly origin from early life. As NCDs are the major cause of mortality both in developed and developing countries, global actions are necessary for their life course prevention and control. The main preventable risk factors of NCDs include tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and physical inactivity. These risk factors track from childhood to adulthood; it is well documented that healthy lifestyles play an important role for primordial and primary prevention of NCDs. Sedentary lifestyle, especially prolonged screen time, is a main underlying factor for NCDs. Regarding dietary intake, lower consumption of fruits, vegetables and fibers, as well as higher consumption of fatty and salty foods (fast foods, junk food), and carbonated soft drinks are of most usual habits correlated with increased risk of NCDs.Strategic action areas for the prevention and control of NCDs are health promotion, risk reduction, health systems strengthening for early detection and management of NCD risk factors. Low-cost solutions for reduction the common modifiable risk factors including unhealthy life-cycle are important for guiding policy and priorities of governments and for decreasing the prevalence of NCDs.


Assuntos
Dieta , Doenças não Transmissíveis , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Promoção da Saúde , Humanos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Prevenção Primária , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
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