Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.685
Filtrar
1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(7): e24839, 2021 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607854

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To systematically evaluate the efficacy of teriparatide and bisphosphonates in preventing fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a systematic search of PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that compared teriparatide and bisphosphonates for osteoporosis treatment. Searches were performed without language restrictions and included studies from beginning of time to March 2019. Two authors independently screened and extracted the selected article. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Cochrane system evaluation method. Data were extracted and analysed using RevMan 5.2 software. RESULTS: Nine RCTs were included for a total of 2990 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Of these, 1515 patients were treated with teriparatide and 1475 were treated with bisphosphonates. After pooling the data of 9 studies, there were significant differences between teriparatide and bisphosphonates [relative risk (RR): 0.61, 95% confidence interval (CI) (0.51, 0.74)] in the prevention of fractures according to different follow-up durations (P < .05), whatever alendronate [RR: 0.51, 95% CI (0.27, 0.95)] and other bisphosphonates [RR: 0.63, 95% CI (0.51, 0.77)]. In addition, we found significant differences between teriparatide and bisphosphonates in the prevention of vertebral fractures [RR: 0.47, 95% CI (0.35, 0.64)] and non-vertebral fractures [RR: 0.76, 95% CI (0.58,0.99)]. There were no significant differences in adverse effects between teriparatide and bisphosphonates [RR: 0.89, 95% CI (0.76, 1.03)]. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of our meta-analysis, teriparatide was better than bisphosphonates in preventing fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis both in the short-term and long-term follow-up periods. Teriparatide was superior to bisphosphonates in preventing vertebral and non-vertebral fractures. These drugs did not differ in terms of their adverse effects. More high-quality studies are needed to compare other factors such as costs and adverse reactions.


Assuntos
Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alendronato/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/epidemiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/etiologia , Fraturas da Coluna Vertebral/prevenção & controle , Teriparatida/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Ann Intern Med ; 174(1): JC9, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395342

RESUMO

SOURCE CITATION: Black DM, Geiger EJ, Eastell R, et al. Atypical femur fracture risk versus fragility fracture prevention with bisphosphonates. N Engl J Med. 2020;383:743-53. 32813950.


Assuntos
Fraturas do Fêmur , Fraturas por Osteoporose , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas do Fêmur/epidemiologia , Fêmur , Humanos , Fraturas por Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e22839, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429726

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The association between the use of bisphosphonates (BPs) and the risk of lung cancer has been concerned recently. There is no explicit study indicating that whether the use of BPs would affect the risk of lung cancer. So, we conducted a meta-analysis to figure out the relationship between BPs and lung cancer.We searched the databases of PubMed and Embase. The random effects were used to calculate the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence interval (CIs) for the risk of lung cancer in BPs users compared with non-users. The stability of our results was evaluated by the sensitivity analysis. The publication bias was assessed in our study. The data in our study comes from the public database, therefore ethical approval is not necessary. Also, our study did not involve patient consent.Four studies met our inclusion criteria. All the included studies are cohort studies. Our analysis indicated that there was no significant association between the use of BPs and the risk of lung cancer (OR 1.02, 95%CI 0.85- 1.24, I2 71%). In our secondary analysis, the use of alendronate may increase the risk of lung cancer. The pooled OR of 3 studies is (OR 1.10, 95%CI 0.84-1.45, I2 77%), but when we performed a sensitivity analysis, 1 of the OR is (OR 1.23, 95%CI 1.02-1.49, I2 4.1%).This is the most detailed meta-analysis on this topic. And there was no significant association between the use of BPs and lung cancer. However, exposure to alendronate may increase the risk of lung cancer. More studies are needed to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/etiologia , Alendronato , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/farmacologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/farmacocinética , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Razão de Chances , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
5.
N Z Med J ; 133(1527): 83-94, 2020 12 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332330

RESUMO

AIM: Drug-induced ocular inflammation is rare and may be overlooked as a cause of uveitis. The main objective was to describe the causes of drug-induced ocular inflammation. Secondary objectives included uveitis complications and drug rechallenge reactions. METHODS: A retrospective chart review at Auckland District Health Board's tertiary uveitis clinic (Auckland, New Zealand) was performed. Participants were identified using the uveitis database, which consists of 2,750 subjects. Fifty eyes of 35 subjects had drug-induced inflammation. RESULTS: Drug-induced inflammation occurred in 1.3% of subjects with uveitis. Mean age was 66.8±15.6 years, and 25 subjects (71.4%) were female. Drugs responsible were bisphosphonates (24 subjects, 68.6%), brimonidine (one subject, 2.9%), etanercept (three subjects, 8.6%), immune checkpoint inhibitors (two subjects, 5.7%), BRAF inhibitors (three subjects, 8.6%), EGFR inhibitors (one subject, 2.9%) and allopurinol/perindopril (one subject, 2.9%). In subjects with bisphosphonate inflammation, anterior uveitis occurred in 22 (91.7%) and scleritis in two (8.3%). A positive rechallenge reaction occurred in two subjects with zoledronate and one with alendronate. Uveitis occurred in six subjects (17.1%) treated with cancer drugs including immune checkpoint inhibitors, BRAF inhibitors and EGFR protein kinase inhibitors. Subjects with cancer-drug-induced uveitis were managed with corticosteroids and five subjects were able to continue therapy; in one subject uveitis was uncontrollable and required drug cessation. CONCLUSIONS: Ocular inflammation caused by bisphosphonates is usually mild and resolves on medication withdrawal. Uveitis seen in association with newer cancer medications can be more severe, but in most cases it can be managed without medication cessation.


Assuntos
Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Uveíte Anterior/induzido quimicamente , Ácido Zoledrônico/efeitos adversos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alendronato/efeitos adversos , Alopurinol/efeitos adversos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anti-Hipertensivos/efeitos adversos , Tartarato de Brimonidina/efeitos adversos , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Cloridrato de Erlotinib/efeitos adversos , Etanercepte/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Imidazóis/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Oximas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/antagonistas & inibidores , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esclerite/induzido quimicamente , Vemurafenib/efeitos adversos
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33353034

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study was to estimate the prevalence of cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) 4/6 inhibitors use among cancer patients from the medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) cohort of the University of Messina. We retrospectively reviewed the records of all patients with either intravenous bisphosphonates or denosumab-related MRONJ reported in the electronic health records of the Unit of Oral Surgery, School of Dentistry, University of Messina between the first quarter of 2018 and the first quarter 2020 to identify eligible patients. We observed six cases of MRONJ associated with CDK4/6 inhibitors concomitantly with intravenous bisphosphonates and/or denosumab in breast cancer patients. The CDK4/6 inhibitors registered were palbociclib (n = 5) and abemaciclib (n = 1). Data of cancer patients diagnosed with MRONJ in the same period (n = 10) were extracted for comparison. The comparative assessment with this group of patients showed a similar distribution of MRONJ stage ranged and clinical course after treatment. The degree of risk for osteonecrosis in patients taking these new classes of drugs is uncertain but warrants awareness and close monitoring. The role of premedication dental evaluation as a prevention strategy has been acknowledged for cancer patients about to initiate intravenous bisphosphonates and/or denosumab for treatment of bone metastasis, but additional attention should be paid to whom are assuming CDK4/6 inhibitors because of their oral adverse events.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/metabolismo , Quinase 4 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/epidemiologia , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/etiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Georgian Med News ; (306): 41-46, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130644

RESUMO

The goal of the study is assessing the population structure of lymphocytes and the subpopulation composition of NK cells in the peripheral blood of humans in the case of drug-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw for improving the quality of diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of osteonecrosis of the jaw. Thirty patients were examined, including 15 patients with drug-induced osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ), 10 healthy individuals, and five patients with pyoinflammatory diseases of the maxillofacial region, aged 49 to 77. Every four weeks, the patients had been receiving 4 mg intravenous injections of bisphosphonates (the Zometa preparation (zoledronic acid)) for 1.5 - 3 years. The study was performed on a FACS Canto II flow cytometer manufactured by Becton Dickinson (BD), USA. In the patients with ONJ, an imbalance of the NK cell subtypes was observed. As to the common NK cells, the level of subtypes of cytolytic NK cells (CD3-CD16+(or hight)56dim) was elevated, and the level of cytokine-producing cells (СD3-CD16-(or low) 56bright) was reduced, compared to the healthy individuals (p<0.05). In the patients with ONJ, after the surgical treatment, the relative and absolute levels of lymphocytes and the total level of NK cells (CD3-CD16+/56+) normalized on the seventh day. The level of NK cells subtypes did not change after the treatment. This pathology is characterized by a low level of innate protection factors, as evidenced by the reduction of the total population of NK cells, and the imbalance of NK cells subtypes. The imbalance of NK cells (the natural killer cells) was an indicator of unfavorable prognosis for osteonecrosis treatment.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Doenças Maxilomandibulares , Células Matadoras Naturais , Linfócitos , Idoso , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/imunologia , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
8.
Rev. Ateneo Argent. Odontol ; 63(2): 13-17, nov. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150415

RESUMO

La acción terapéutica favorable que los antirresortivos (bifosfonatos BPs, denosumab DS) y drogas antiangiogénicas ocasionan en el tejido óseo en aquellos pacientes que presentan como causa etiológica cáncer o discrasias óseas incluyen hipercalcemias malignas o ­si requieren el consumo de dicha droga a baja concentración­ como ser: osteoporosis, osteopenia, enfermedad de Paget, displasia fibrosa, Osteogénesis Imperfecta. (1) La presente actualización pretende relacionar el tratamiento odontológico con prescripción crónica y drogas antirresortivas, para lo cual American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons AAOMS: define el concepto de Osteonecrosis Maxilar Asociada a drogas Antirresortivas (MRONJ) como: «Área ósea necrótica expuesta al medio bucal con más de ocho semanas de permanencia, en presencia de tratamiento crónico con bifosfonatos en ausencia de radioterapia en cabeza y cuello¼. La AAOMS estableció los siguientes grupos de acuerdo con sus características clínicas en 4 estadios (0, 1 ,2 y 3) de acuerdo con el aspecto clínico y radiológico de la lesión osteonecrótica. Estadío 0: lesión osteonecrótica sin evidencia de hueso necrótico en pacientes bajo consumo de drogas antirresortivas. Estadío 1: lesión osteonecrótica con signos clínicos y ausencia de sintomatología clínica. Estadío 2: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología clínica evidente. Estadío 3: lesión osteonecrótica con signo y sintomatología evidente que compromete a estructuras nobles: fracturas patológicas, anestesia del nervio dentario inferior, comunicación buco-nasal, comunicación buco-sinusal, fístulas cutáneas (2) (AU)


It is known the favourable action which antiresorptive (Bisphosphonates BPs, Denosumab: DS) and Antiangiogenic drugs produce in bone tissue. High concentrations are primarily used as an effective treatment in the management of cancer-related disorders, including hypercalcemia of malignant. Besides, low concentrations are used for other metabolic bone diseases including Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Paget's Disease, Fibrous Dysplasia, Imperfect Osteogenesis. (1) The update relate relationship between dentistry and chronic treatment with antiresorptive drugs. According to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS), MRONJ is defined as exposed or necrotic bone in the maxillofacial region that has persisted for more than 8 weeks in association with current or previous BPs or DS therapy and with a lack of head and neck radiotherapy. AAOMS divided the MRONJ into 4 stages (0,1, 2 and 3) according to the clinical and radiological aspect of the osteonecrotic lesion: Stage 0: osteonecrotic lesion without sign-pathognomonic evidence of osteonecrosis. Stage 1: osteonecrotic lesion with clinical signs and absence of clinical symptoms. Stage 2: osteonecrotic lesion with sign and evident clinical symptoms. Stage 3: osteonecrotic lesion with signs and evident symptoms that involve noble structures: pathological fractures, anaesthesia of the lower dental nerve, oral-nasal communication, oral-sinus communication, skin fistulas (2) (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Idoso , Reabsorção Óssea , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Doenças Ósseas , Assistência Odontológica para Doentes Crônicos , Inibidores da Angiogênese , Denosumab , Antissépticos Bucais/uso terapêutico
9.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 783-788, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045792

RESUMO

Bisphosphonate (BP), a group of anti-resorptive drugs, has been widely used for the treatments of osteoporosis and metastatic bone diseases. Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ), a serious well-recognized complication of patients receiving BP, adversely affects patients' oral health and quality of life. Its clinical signs include pain, bone exposure and necrosis of the jaws. Invasive oral treatments, which may affect the repair of jaws in patients using BP, could cause the occurrence of MRONJ. Therefore, it is important to avoid the risk factors of MRONJ and to standardize the operations in order to reduce the occurrence of MRONJ in oral treatments for patients receiving BP. After reviewing the related literature, this article aims to conclude the research progress on the standardized oral treatments of patients receiving BP and to provide clinical instructions for clinicians to treat these patients.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Osteoporose , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/etiologia , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Arcada Osseodentária , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Qualidade de Vida
10.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 158, 2020 10 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030619

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Osteoporosis is one of the most common conditions among adults worldwide. It also presents a challenge among patients undergoing spinal surgery. Use of Teriparatide and bisphosphonates in such patients has been shown to improve outcomes after fusion surgery, including successful fusion, decreased risk of instrumentation failure, and patient-reported outcomes. Herein, we performed a systematic review and indirect meta-analysis of available literature on outcomes of fusion surgery after use of bisphosphonates or Teriparatide. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive search of all databases (Ovid MEDLINE(R) and Epub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Ovid Embase, Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Ovid Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus) to identify studies assessing outcomes of spinal fusion among osteoporotic patients after use of Teriparatide or bisphosphonate. Four authors independently screened electronic search results, and all four authors independently performed study selection. Two authors performed independent data extraction and assessed the studies' risk of bias assessment using standardized forms of Revised Cochrane risk-of-bias tool for randomized trials (RoB 2) and Risk Of Bias In Non-randomized Studies of Interventions (ROBINS-I). RESULTS: Nineteen studies were included in the final analysis. A total of 13 studies evaluated the difference in fusion rate between bisphosphonates and Teriparatide or control group. Fusion rate was higher for bisphosphonates (effect size (ES) 83%, 95% CI 77-89%) compared with Teriparatide (ES 71%, 95% CI 57-85%), with the p value for heterogeneity between groups without statistical significance (p = 0.123). Five studies assessed the impact of using bisphosphonate or Teriparatide on screw loosening. The rate of screw loosening was higher for bisphosphonates (ES 19%, 95% CI 13-25%) compared with Teriparatide (ES 13%, 95% CI 9-16%) without statistical significance (p = 0.52). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that while both agents may be associated with positive outcomes, bisphosphonates may be associated with a higher fusion rate, while Teriparatide may be associated with lower screw loosening. The decision to treat with either agent should be tailored individually for each patient keeping in consideration the adverse effect and pharmacokinetic profiles.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Teriparatida/uso terapêutico , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Teriparatida/efeitos adversos , Vértebras Torácicas/efeitos dos fármacos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants ; 35(5): 939-947, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991644

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study investigated the effects of bisphosphonates, namely, alendronate and zoledronate, on the osteogenic activity of osteoprogenitor cells cultured on titanium surfaces at therapeutic doses in order to assess if altered osteoblastogenesis could compromise osseointegration and contribute to etiopathogenesis of painful disorders such as bisphosphonates-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) following implant placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: MC3T3-E1 Subclone 4 cells were utilized in this study. Therapeutic doses of alendronate and zoledronate were calculated based on reported peak plasma concentrations. The viability, proliferation, adhesion, and mineralization potential of cells was assessed using a LIVE/DEAD stain, alamarBlue assay, immunofluorescence microscopy, and Alizarin Red S staining, respectively. RESULTS: Therapeutic doses of zoledronate negatively affected cell viability, whereas therapeutic doses of alendronate significantly enhanced cell differentiation and the amount of bone formation compared with the control. CONCLUSION: The findings of this study may provide some insight into the pathogenesis of BRONJ development following implant placement in patients treated with zoledronate and may have promising implications toward improved wound healing and osseointegration in patients treated with alendronate.


Assuntos
Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Osteogênese , Alendronato , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Titânio
12.
Tokai J Exp Clin Med ; 45(3): 126-130, 2020 Sep 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901900

RESUMO

We present a case of osteomyelitis of the condyle secondary to bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw. A 77-year-old female was referred to our clinic with complaints of swelling in the left mandibular molar regions. The patient had been suffering from myeloperoxidase anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (MPOANCA) associated vasculitis and had been treated with glucocorticoids for 8 years, and oral bisphosphonates had been prescribed to prevent osteopenia secondary to glucocorticoids. Imaging examinations showed radiolucency of the left mandibular body. Based on the diagnosis of osteomyelitis of the mandibular body secondary to bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis, the patient received antimicrobial therapy and was well-healed. However, the patient returned 8 weeks later complaining of acute left preauricular swelling. Computed tomography showed the destructive changes in the mandibular condyle. We speculated that the infection was caused by the local spread from osteomyelitis of the left mandibular body. The risk of jaw necrosis related to antiresorptive therapy is well known. In recent years, the number of older patients being administered glucocorticoids with bisphosphonates has increased; therefore, we must be attentive to the signs of infectious diseases of the jawbone in the aging because it can easily shift to osteomyelitis or osteonecrosis and spread infection through the marrow.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/etiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Arcada Osseodentária , Côndilo Mandibular , Osteomielite/etiologia , Idoso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Côndilo Mandibular/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteomielite/terapia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
N Engl J Med ; 383(8): 743-753, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813950

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bisphosphonates are effective in reducing hip and osteoporotic fractures. However, concerns about atypical femur fractures have contributed to substantially decreased bisphosphonate use, and the incidence of hip fractures may be increasing. Important uncertainties remain regarding the association between atypical femur fractures and bisphosphonates and other risk factors. METHODS: We studied women 50 years of age or older who were receiving bisphosphonates and who were enrolled in the Kaiser Permanente Southern California health care system; women were followed from January 1, 2007, to November 30, 2017. The primary outcome was atypical femur fracture. Data on risk factors, including bisphosphonate use, were obtained from electronic health records. Fractures were radiographically adjudicated. Multivariable Cox models were used. The risk-benefit profile was modeled for 1 to 10 years of bisphosphonate use to compare associated atypical fractures with other fractures prevented. RESULTS: Among 196,129 women, 277 atypical femur fractures occurred. After multivariable adjustment, the risk of atypical fracture increased with longer duration of bisphosphonate use: the hazard ratio as compared with less than 3 months increased from 8.86 (95% confidence interval [CI], 2.79 to 28.20) for 3 years to less than 5 years to 43.51 (95% CI, 13.70 to 138.15) for 8 years or more. Other risk factors included race (hazard ratio for Asians vs. Whites, 4.84; 95% CI, 3.57 to 6.56), height, weight, and glucocorticoid use. Bisphosphonate discontinuation was associated with a rapid decrease in the risk of atypical fracture. Decreases in the risk of osteoporotic and hip fractures during 1 to 10 years of bisphosphonate use far outweighed the increased risk of atypical fracture among Whites but less so among Asians. After 3 years, 149 hip fractures were prevented and 2 bisphosphonate-associated atypical fractures occurred in Whites, as compared with 91 and 8, respectively, in Asians. CONCLUSIONS: The risk of atypical femur fracture increased with longer duration of bisphosphonate use and rapidly decreased after bisphosphonate discontinuation. Asians had a higher risk than Whites. The absolute risk of atypical femur fracture remained very low as compared with reductions in the risk of hip and other fractures with bisphosphonate treatment. (Funded by Kaiser Permanente and others.).


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Fraturas do Fêmur/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas do Quadril/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/tratamento farmacológico , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Americanos Asiáticos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu , Feminino , Fraturas do Fêmur/epidemiologia , Fraturas do Fêmur/etnologia , Fraturas do Quadril/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Fraturas por Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
14.
Rev. ADM ; 77(4): 197-202, jul.-ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1129803

RESUMO

La osteonecrosis de los maxilares está definida como la exposición de hueso necrótico en la región maxilofacial al menos por ocho semanas en pacientes que están recibiendo medicamentos antirresortivos para el tratamiento del cáncer primario o metastásico hacia el hueso, osteoporosis o enfermedad de Paget, sin historia previa de radiación. Desde el año 2003, la terminología utilizada estaba en relación con los bifosfonatos, en la actualidad ha sido introducido el término osteonecrosis de los maxilares relacionada por medicamentos (OMAM). La cirugía oral (implantología o cirugía periapical) incrementa el riesgo de OMAM, así como los desbalances concomitantes de la salud oral (inflamación dental y formación de abscesos). Las estrategias conservadoras en el tratamiento varían desde el cuidado local conservador hasta la resección quirúrgica radical del hueso necrótico. En el presente artículo se expone un análisis sistemático retrospectivo de la literatura en páginas como PubMed, ScienceDirect y Springer, Cochrane Library. Con el objetivo de resaltar el aumento de la incidencia de OMAM a nivel mundial con el uso de antirresortivos y otros medicamentos asociados en su patogenia en el Hospital Regional «General Ignacio Zaragoza¼ del ISSSTE, UNAM, en la Ciudad de México (AU)


Osteonecrosis of the jaws is defined as the exposure of necrotic bone in the maxillofacial region for at least 8 weeks in patients receiving antiresorptive medications for the treatment of primary or metastatic cancer towards the bone, osteoporosis, or Paget's disease, without previous history of radiation. Since 2003, the terminology used was related to bisphosphonates, the term medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws has now been introduced. Oral surgery (implantology or periapical surgery) increases the risk of avascular necrosis, as well as concomitant imbalances in oral health (dental inflammation and abscess formation). Conservative strategies in treatment vary from conservative local care to radical surgical resection of the necrotic bone. In this article, a systematic retrospective analysis of the literature is presented on pages such as PubMed, Science Direct and Springer, Cochrane Library. And in which the objective is to highlight the increase in the incidence of medication related osteonecrosis of the jaws worldwide with the use of antiresorptive, and other associated medications in its pathogenesis at the Hospital Regional «General Ignacio Zaragoza¼ ISSSTE, UNAM in Mexico City (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Osteoporose , Neoplasias Ósseas , Inibidores da Angiogênese , Unidade Hospitalar de Odontologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR , Bevacizumab , Sunitinibe , México
15.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 148(7): 983-991, jul. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1139400

RESUMO

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is a disease where there is necrotic bone exposed or that can be explored by means of a fistula in the maxillofacial region. It has been associated with the use Biphosphonates and denosumab for osteoporosis. Although its etiology is unclear, it may be related to a decrease in bone turnover produced by these drugs, rendering the bone more prone to generate cell necrosis during invasive dental procedures, especially in the posterior region of the jaw. There is no consensus about the prevention and treatment of this condition. The aim of this paper is to present a review of the literature with the main characteristics of osteonecrosis of the jaws associated with drugs, together with a proposal for prevention and treatment for these patients.


Assuntos
Humanos , Osteonecrose/induzido quimicamente , Osteonecrose/prevenção & controle , Doenças Maxilomandibulares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Maxilomandibulares/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose/tratamento farmacológico , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/prevenção & controle , Denosumab/efeitos adversos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32536575

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prospectively determine the incidence of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) and define risk factors in patients with metastatic breast cancer treated with zoledronic acid and/or denosumab. STUDY DESIGN: In a prospective cohort study performed in Region Skåne, Sweden, from January 1, 2012, until December 31, 2015, all patients with breast cancer who had radiographic evidence of bone metastases and were treated with zoledronic acid or denosumab were included and followed up until May 31, 2018. RESULTS: Of the 242 patients, MRONJ developed in 16 (6.6%) during the 77 months of study. The incidence of MRONJ in patients treated with zoledronic acid was 4.1%, and in patients treated with denosumab, it was 13.6%. The risk of MRONJ was higher in patients on denosumab than in those treated with zoledronic acid (P = .011). Corticosteroid use was associated with a decreased risk of MRONJ (P = .008), and diabetes was associated with an increased risk of MRONJ (P = .02). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of MRONJ is 13.6% (>3 times higher) in denosumab-treated patients with breast cancer compared with that in patients treated with zoledronic acid (4.1%). Corticosteroid use decreased the risk of MRONJ.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea , Neoplasias da Mama , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/epidemiologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , Denosumab/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Suécia/epidemiologia
17.
J Endod ; 46(8): 1149-1154, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437788

RESUMO

Although bisphosphonates are widely used to treat conditions such as osteoporosis, they may cause osteonecrosis of the jaw. We treated a patient with no history of tooth extraction or other surgical treatment who developed medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) with secondary pulpal disease. A 79-year-old woman presented with purulent discharge from the gum at the incisor region. She had been using bisphosphonates for 9 years. Tooth #6 had undertaken root canal treatment at a general practice. All teeth other than tooth #6 reacted to electric pulp testing. Computed tomographic imaging revealed signs suggestive of necrotic bone, and MRONJ was diagnosed. Teeth #7 and #8, which had initially exhibited vital reactions, also subsequently ceased to react to thermal and electric pulp testing. Root canal treatment was performed on teeth #6-8, and their condition was monitored. Computed tomographic imaging at 9 months after the first presentation revealed that the bone defect had greatly enlarged with separation of the necrotic bone; therefore, excision of the necrotic bone and curettage were performed in the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery. The loss of pulp reaction in teeth that had exhibited a vital reaction at the first presentation was considered to indicate that teeth #6-8 had developed dental pulp pathosis as a result of MRONJ.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Extração Dentária
18.
Arch Osteoporos ; 15(1): 69, 2020 05 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32385586

RESUMO

Bisphosphonates are the most common treatment for osteoporosis but there are concerns regarding its use in CKD. We evaluated the frequency of BSP by eGFR categories among patients with osteoporosis from two healthcare systems. Our results show that 56% of patients were treated, with reduced odds in those with lower eGFR. INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is common in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Bisphosphonates (BSP) are the most common treatment but there are concerns regarding its efficacy and toxicity in CKD. We evaluated the frequency of BSP use by level of estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) in patients with osteoporosis. METHODS: We assessed BSP use in patients with incident osteoporosis from the SCREAM-Cohort, Stockholm-Sweden, and Geisinger Healthcare, PA, USA. Osteoporosis was defined as the first encountered ICD diagnosis, and BSP use was defined as the dispensation or prescription of any BSP from 6 months prior to 3 years after the diagnosis. Multinomial logistic regression was used to account for the competing risk of death. RESULTS: A total of 15,719 women and 3011 men in SCREAM and 17,325 women and 3568 men in Geisinger with incident osteoporosis were included. Overall, 56% of individuals used BSP in both studies, with a higher proportion in women. After adjustments, the odds of BSP was lower across lower eGFR in SCREAM, ranging from 0.90 (0.81-0.99) for eGFR 75-89 mL/min/1.73m2 to 0.56 (0.46-0.68) for eGFR 30-44 mL/min/1.73m2 in women and from 0.72 (0.54-0.97) for eGFR of 60-74 to 0.42 (0.25-0.70) for eGFR 30-44 mL/min/1.73m2 in men. In Geisinger, odds were lower for eGFR < 30 mL/min/1.73m2 in both sexes and the frequency of BSP use dropped over time. CONCLUSION: In the two healthcare systems, approximately half of the people diagnosed with osteoporosis received BSP. Practices of prescription in relation to eGFR varied, but those with lower eGFR were less likely to receive BSP.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Renal Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Receptores ErbB , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Suécia
19.
N Z Med J ; 133(1515): 16-24, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32438373

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about the prevalence of renal impairment in patients presenting with osteoporotic fractures contraindicating bisphosphonate use in New Zealand, and their eligibility to denosumab. AIM: To assess the prevalence of renal impairment contraindicating bisphosphonate use in older adults presenting with osteoporotic fractures, differences in demographic variables between those with renal impairment and those who do not, and finally to assess eligibility for denosumab based on the current PHARMAC special authority criteria. METHOD: All patients 65 years and older with osteoporotic fractures treated by inpatient orthogeriatric service (IOS) and the outpatient fracture liaison service (FLS) at Middlemore Hospital between 1 February to 31 April 2019 were assessed. Following data was retrospectively collected-age, sex, ethnicity, preadmission residential status, type of acute osteoporotic fractures, history of previous osteoporotic fractures, cognitive impairment and its severity, history of falls, previous dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan and the worst documented T-scores over total hip, neck of femur or L1-4 spine and previous funded anti-resorptive therapy use. Creatinine clearance (CrCl) was calculated using the Cockcroft-Gault formula based on the ideal body weight according to the recorded height and serum creatinine level at the time of patient's presentation. Patients with CrCl below 35ml/min were assigned to the renal group, and those with CrCl above 35ml/min to the non-renal group. Current PHARMAC criteria for denosumab was used to assess the eligibility in the renal group. RESULTS: Total of 190 patients (102 IOS and 88 FLS) were assessed. Thirty-four patients (17.9%) had renal impairment with CrCl less than 35ml/min and were assigned to the renal group. There were no statistically significant differences in demographic variables between the renal and the non-renal group other than for age, where the renal group was significantly older (85.4 vs 77.5 years, P-value <0.0001). Two out of 34 patients were eligible for denosumab. Reasons for ineligibility to denosumab were as follows; not meeting the definition of severe established osteoporosis due to presenting with their first ever osteoporotic fracture (64.7%), no previous DEXA scans to quantify their bone mineral density (11.8%), measured bone mineral density T-score above -2.5 (5.9%); and no preceding treatment with a funded anti-resorptive therapy for at least 12 months prior to their osteoporotic fracture (11.8%). CONCLUSION: Considerable number of patients aged 65 years and older with osteoporotic fractures also had renal impairment contraindicating the use of bisphosphonates. There were no significant differences in demographic variables between the renal and non-renal group other than for age. Majority of patients in the renal group were ineligible for denosumab based on the current special authority criteria. These results highlight the need for further review and revision of the current PHARMAC criteria to improve access to denosumab in older adults with renal impairment and osteoporotic fractures.


Assuntos
Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Denosumab/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Definição da Elegibilidade , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Comorbidade , Contraindicações de Medicamentos , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Hospitais , Humanos , Masculino , Nova Zelândia/epidemiologia , Fraturas por Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Prevalência , Insuficiência Renal/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Orv Hetil ; 161(21): 867-872, 2020 05.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32427571

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw is a condition that severely affects the quality of life, therefore an early diagnosis is of utmost importance (both from a general and a surgical point of view), alongside with an accurate assessment of the risk of emergence of the disease. AIM: Estimation of the prognosis is not resolved; among several radiological options those used in dentistry seem the most fit for the purpose, with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) being superior in this task. Assessment of the risk of BRONJ developed following orally applied bisphosphonate is unemphatic in most case studies - these focus more on the intravenous application carrying a greater risk of BRONJ. METHOD: In contrast with the studies published so far, we performed our measurements on preoperative CBCT scans, thereby directly studying the possibility of risk assessment. Our measurements were conducted through evaluating CBCT scans. We chose the frontal section in the midline of the mental foramen as the representative area. We measured density and thickness of the cortical bone on several given points; the diameter of the mental foramen was also measured. In the first group, we examined patients suffering from osteoporosis who had developed BRONJ following oral bisphosphonate treatment. In the second group, we looked at patients suffering from osteoporosis, who had received oral bisphosphonate therapy for this condition but did not develop BRONJ after oral surgery. As control group, we chose patients suffering from osteoporosis who had not received any of the medications known to cause BRONJ. RESULTS: Based on our results, it is clear that there is no significant difference in the bone density of those patients who developed BRONJ and those who did not, examining the preoperative CBCT scans. CONCLUSIONS: Using CBCT scans (and thereby submitting the patient to radiation exposure) in order to estimate the possibility of BRONJ following oral bisphosphonate treatment for osteoporosis is not recommended. It is important not to expose patients to more radiation than strictly necessary to predict BRONJ following oral bisphosphonate treatment in accordance with the ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) principle. Orv Hetil. 2020; 161(21): 867-872.


Assuntos
Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/diagnóstico por imagem , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/efeitos adversos , Densidade Óssea/efeitos dos fármacos , Difosfonatos/efeitos adversos , Medição de Risco/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico Espiral , Osteonecrose da Arcada Osseodentária Associada a Difosfonatos/psicologia , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Difosfonatos/administração & dosagem , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...