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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 100(3): 172-177, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32008281

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the pattern of the change in cerebral white matter tract in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI) patients based on the automating fiber-tract quantification (AFQ). Methods: A total of 20 aMCI patients,9 males,11 females, the mean age was (67±9) years, and 22 patients with naMCI, 8 males,14 females, the mean age was (64±10) years, and 23 normal control subjects, 10 males, 13 females, with a mean age of (65±9) years were enrolled from the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from January 2018 to March 2019. All of them underwent 3.0 T MRI scan, which include DTI and 3D T(1)WI sequence.Two tract profiles, fractional anisotropy (FA) and mean diffusivity (MD), were extracted to evaluate the white matter integrity at 100 locations along each of 20 fiber tracts based on the AFQ. Results: In a pointwise comparison of FA profiles,the aMCI patients showed FA reduction in the middle part of right corticospinal tract (t=-4.023, P<0.01, FWE corrected) relative to the naMCI patients. There was a positive correlation between the decreased FA value and the auditory verbal learning test score (P=0.039). In a pointwise comparison of MD profiles, the aMCI patients showed extensive MD elevation in the middle part of the left cingulum hippocampus (t=2.408,P=0.037,FWE corrected) relative to the naMCI patients. The aMCI patients showed MD elevation in the posterior part of the left inferior longitudinal fasciculus (t=-2.919, P=0.006, FWE corrected) and the middle part of the left cingulum hippocampus (t=-3.878, P=0.002, FWE corrected) relative to the NC subjects. And the elevated MD in left inferior longitudinal fasciculus showed negative correlation with MoCA (P=0.039) and auditory verbal learning test score (P=0.015). There was also a negative correlation between the elevated MD value in the left cingulum hippocampus and the auditory verbal learning test score (P=0.033). Conclusions: Disruption is found in specific part along the white matter tract in the aMCI group. Furthermore, the pattern of white matter abnormalities is different across neuronal fiber tracts. These findings will have an impact on the further specific study of the white matter tract in aMCI patients.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Cognitiva , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/métodos , Fibras Nervosas/patologia , Substância Branca/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Anisotropia , Encéfalo , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Substância Branca/patologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(4): e18866, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31977888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease, affecting both the sensorimotor and cognitive systems. The typical pattern of cognitive impairment includes reduced speed of information processing, decreased phonological and semantic speech fluency, deficits in verbal and visual episodic memory, as well as attention and executive dysfunctions. We aimed to investigate the influence of the neurologic music therapy (NMT) on mood, motivation, emotion status, and cognitive functions in patients with MS. METHODS: Thirty patients with MS were randomly divided in 2 groups: the control group (CG) undergoing conventional cognitive rehabilitation (CCR), 6 times a week for 8 weeks, and the experimental group (EG) undergoing CCR 3 times a week for 8 weeks plus NMT techniques, performed 3 times a week for 8 weeks. All the participants were submitted to the same amount of treatment. Each patient was evaluated before (baseline: T0) and immediately after the end of each training (T1). MAIN OUTCOMES MEASURES: We used as main outcome measure: the brief repeatable battery of neuropsychological test to assess various cognitive abilities; and the multiple sclerosis quality of life-54 (MSQoL-54). RESULTS: Both the groups benefit from 8 weeks of CR. In particular, the EG got better results in cognitive function, with regard to selective reminding test long term storage (P < .000), long term retrieval (P = .007), and delayed recall of the 10/36 spatial recall test (P = .001), as compared with the CG. Moreover, the improvement in emotional status, motivation, mood and quality of life (with regard to the mental component; P < .000) was more evident in the EG. CONCLUSIONS: NMT could be considered a complementary approach to enhance CCR in patients affected by MS.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Esclerose Múltipla/terapia , Musicoterapia/métodos , Afeto , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Memória , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Esclerose Múltipla/complicações , Esclerose Múltipla/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade de Vida , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18501, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914020

RESUMO

The frailty represents a key determinant of elderly clinical assessment, especially because it allows the identification of risk factors potentially modifiable by clinical and therapeutic interventions. The frailty assessment in elderly patients usually is made by using of Fried criteria. However, to assess the frailty in cirrhotic patients, multiple but different tools are used by researchers. Thus, we aimed to compare frailty prevalence in elderly patients with well-compensated liver cirrhosis and without cirrhosis, according to Fried criteria.Among 205 elderly patients screened, a total of 148 patients were enrolled. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to the presence/absence of well-compensated liver cirrhosis.After clinical examination with conventional scores of cirrhosis, all patients underwent anthropometric measurements, nutritional, biochemical, comorbidity, and cognitive performances. Frailty assessment was evaluated according to Fried frailty criteria.Unexpectedly, according to the Fried criteria, non-cirrhotic patients were frailer (14.2%) than well-compensated liver cirrhotic patients (7.5%). The most represented Fried criterion was the unintentional weight loss in non-cirrhotic patients (10.1%) compared to well-compensated liver cirrhotic patients (1.4%). Moreover, cumulative illness rating scale -G severity score was significantly and positively associated with frailty status (r = 0.234, P < .004). In a multivariate linear regression model, only female gender, body mass index and mini nutritional assessment resulted associated with frailty status, independently of other confounding variables.Despite the fact that elderly cirrhotic patients are considered to be frailer than the non-cirrhotic elderly patient, relying solely on "mere visual appearance," our data show that paradoxically non-cirrhotic elderly patients are frailer than elderly well-compensated liver cirrhotic patients. Thus, clinical implication of this finding is that frailty assessment performed in the well-compensated liver cirrhotic patient can identify those cirrhotic patients who may benefit from tailored interventions similarly to non-cirrhotic elderly patients.


Assuntos
Fragilidade/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/complicações , Cirrose Hepática/epidemiologia , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hepacivirus/isolamento & purificação , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/diagnóstico , Masculino , Avaliação Nutricional , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
5.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e86, 2020 Jan 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915100

RESUMO

With cancer incidence increasing over time worldwide, attention to the burden of psychiatric and psychosocial consequences of the disease is now mandatory for both cancer and mental health care professionals. Psychiatric disorders have been shown to affect at least 30-35% of cancer patients during all phases of the disease trajectory, and differ in nature according to stage and type of cancer. Other clinically relevant distressing psychosocial and existential conditions (e.g. demoralisation, health anxiety, loss of meaning and existential distress) not included as 'disorders' in the usual diagnostic and nosological systems (i.e. meta-diagnostic conditions) have also been shown to be present in another 15-20% of cancer patients. In this editorial, we will present a summary of the extensive literature regarding the epidemiology of the several psychosocial disorders affecting cancer patients as a cause of distress and burden to be taken into consideration and addressed in cancer care through evidence-based intervention.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/complicações , Saúde Mental , Neoplasias/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Efeitos Psicossociais da Doença , Depressão/etiologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Neoplasias/diagnóstico , Psico-Oncologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia
6.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 91-97, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893399

RESUMO

Vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) plays an important role in dementia in elderly people, and refers to the contribution of vascular pathology to the entire spectrum of cognitive disorders, ranging from mild cognitive impairment to severe dementia, as well as the pathological spectrum, from 'pure' Alzheimer disease through degrees of vascular comorbidity to 'pure' vascular dementia. In the present study, we investigated the relationship between cognitive dysfunction and systemic metabolic disorders, by employing deep learning (DL). We studied 202 patients (73.4 ± 13.0 years), 94.6% of whom were undergoing treatment for lifestyle diseases, and 68.8% of whom had a history of cerebrovascular disorder. We evaluated cognitive dysfunction by performing a Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). We performed general blood examination, including Complete Blood Count and Basic Metabolic Panel, and measured cerebral blood oxygenation in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) using time-resolved near infrared spectroscopy (TNIRS). We then used deep neural networks to assess the MMSE scores of the subjects based on the TNIRS parameters and the blood examination data, independently. Next, we compared predicted MMSE scores based on the TNIRS and the blood examination. There was a significant positive correlation between the TNIRS parameters and the blood examination data (r = 0.6, p < 0.01). These observations suggest that cognitive dysfunction in patients with VCI may be caused by combinations of systemic metabolic disorders such as energy and oxygen metabolisms and cerebral circulatory disturbance due to arteriosclerosis resulting from lifestyle-related diseases.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Doenças Metabólicas , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Demência/complicações , Demência/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/complicações , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
7.
Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol ; 13(1): 23-34, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31794280

RESUMO

Introduction: Dementia is the 7th leading cause of death that imposes a significant financial and service burden on the global population. Presently, only symptomatic care exists for cognitive loss, such as Alzheimer's disease.Areas covered: Given the advancing age of the global population, it becomes imperative to develop innovative therapeutic strategies for cognitive loss. New studies provide insight to the association of cognitive loss with metabolic disorders, such as diabetes mellitus.Expert opinion: Diabetes mellitus is increasing in incidence throughout the world and affects 350 million individuals. Treatment strategies identifying novel pathways that oversee metabolic and neurodegenerative disorders offer exciting prospects to treat dementia. The mechanistic target of rapamycin (mTOR) and circadian clock gene pathways that include AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK), Wnt1 inducible signaling pathway protein 1 (WISP1), erythropoietin (EPO), and silent mating type information regulation 2 homolog 1 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (SIRT1) provide novel strategies to treat cognitive loss that has its basis in metabolic cellular dysfunction. However, these pathways are complex and require precise regulation to maximize treatment efficacy and minimize any potential clinical disability. Further investigations hold great promise to treat both the onset and progression of cognitive loss that is associated with metabolic disease.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Complicações do Diabetes/epidemiologia , Doenças Metabólicas/complicações , Animais , Relógios Circadianos/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/fisiopatologia , Complicações do Diabetes/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(1): 206-212, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808686

RESUMO

The present study aimed to investigate the effects of matured hop bitter acids (MHBAs) on human cognition, mental fatigue, and mood state. In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study, 60 healthy adults (age 45-64 years) with self-awareness of cognitive decline were randomly divided into 2 groups and received either orally administered MHBAs (35 mg/day) or placebo for 12 weeks. Cognitive functions and mental states were assessed using neuropsychological tests or questionnaires at baseline and weeks 6 and 12 of the intervention. The change in verbal fluency score at week 6 compared with that at baseline was significantly higher in the MHBAs-treated group compared with that in the placebo group (P = 0.034), and Stroop test score at week 12 was significantly lower in the MHBAs-treated group compared with the placebo group (P = 0.019). Furthermore, subjective fatigue and anxiety at week 12 were significantly improved in the MHBAs-treated group (P = 0.008 and 0.043, respectively) compared with the placebo group. This is the first study to evaluate the effects of bitter ingredients in beer on cognition, subjective mood, and mental fatigue in a clinical trial. Our findings suggest that hop-derived bitter acids might be beneficial for cognition and mood state.


Assuntos
Ácidos/metabolismo , Cerveja/análise , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Humulus/química , Humulus/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Ácidos/análise , Afeto , Feminino , Voluntários Saudáveis , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos
11.
Psychiatr Prax ; 47(1): 16-21, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31671469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In Germany, the number of patients with dementia is expected to increase from 1.7 (2017) to more than 3 million people (2050). Preventive and therapeutic measures target at early stages of dementia such as mild cognitive impairment (MCI). Aim of the study is to compare prevalence rates of MCI and dementia over time. METHODS: The study was based on the complete nation-wide outpatient claims data of the panel doctors services according to §â€Š295 SGB V. We identified prevalent patients with MCI (PwMCI) and with dementia (PwD) in the years 2009 to 2016 treated by general practitioners or neuropsychiatric specialists. RESULTS: The number of prevalent PwMCI/PwD increased from 50,760/1,014,381 (2009) to 166,919/1,416,319 (2016) and the corresponding prevalence rates from 0.13 % to 0.42 % (MCI) and from 2.52 % to 3.55 % (dementia), resp. CONCLUSION: Despite the significant prevalence gain, the number of PwMCI identified in outpatient health claims data is much lower than the expected number of 2,8 to 3,7 million people at the population level. Therefore, we anticipate a further increase in the number of PwMCI being treated in the outpatient sector over the coming years.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Setor de Assistência à Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Prevalência
13.
Life Sci ; 241: 117170, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31838137

RESUMO

AIMS: In this study, we investigate the effect and underlying mechanism of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) treatment on a model of repeated cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury (IR). MAIN METHODS: Eighty rats were randomly separated into sham, vehicle, hyperbaric air (HBA; 0.25 MPa, 60 min), and HBO (0.25 MPa, 60 min) groups. Repeated cerebral IR was induced by ligating the right and left bilateral common carotid arteries for 10 min and then allowing reperfusion for 10 min. This pattern was repeated three times. The neuroprotective effects of HBO were assessed by animal behavior, neuron morphology, inflammatory markers, intracellular calcium ion content, and autophagy-related protein and gene expression. KEY FINDINGS: Our result showed that HBO improved learning and memory in the navigation trail and probe trail of the Morris water maze, and these findings were supported by the observation data from 2,3,5-Triphenyltet-razolium chloride staining, Nissl staining, and electron microscopic. Importantly, we found that HBO reduced excessive autophagy in the prefrontal cortex, which was evidenced by activating of the mammalian target of the rapamycin (mTOR) and 4E-BP1, as well as suppression of LC3II and ATG5. Moreover, HBO significantly inhibited the cerebral IR-induced inflammatory reaction. Furthermore, HBO treatment modulated autophagy pathway-related factors, including producing a decrease in the intracellular calcium ion concentration and p53 level; meanwhile, the levels of BDNF and p-Akt were increased. SIGNIFICANCE: Our results indicated that HBO protected against IR-induced neuron injury by attenuating autophagy, inflammation, and calcium overload. These results provide a new mechanism and laboratory evidence for clinical treatment of VD.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/métodos , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/complicações , Animais , Comportamento Animal , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/patologia , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
14.
Acta Neurochir Suppl ; 127: 121-125, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407072

RESUMO

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a devastating stroke type. Approximately 50% of survivors suffer from the permanent disability, caused by the cognitive deficits. To enrich the pre-clinical research on the neurological deficits after SAH, we investigate the temporal cognitive deficits and the longitudinal course of cognitive recovery in endovascular perforation SAH murine model. The SAH mice show reproducible body weakness and headache-symbolized moaning symptoms, which is closed to clinical patients. SAH mice exhibit significantly impaired cognitive function in domains of learning ability, short-term and long-term memory. The cognitive deficits occur mostly in the early phase and recover gradually till day 10 after SAH. The systematical assessments of cognitive function after experimental aneurysmal SAH elucidate the time course of cognitive deficits and provide the time window of potential interventions.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea , Animais , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Cefaleia , Humanos , Camundongos , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações
15.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 119(9. Vyp. 2): 10-17, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825384

RESUMO

Cognitive decline is one of the main manifestations of brain damage especially in the elderly. In some cases, cognitive dysfunction stayed within normal aging and do not lead to social dis-adaptation, while in other cases severe cognitive impairment develops when daily activity and domestic independence is affected. However, these disturbances are preceded by prolonged intermediate stage, when cognitive deficit do not reach the degree of dementia, but already do not match normal aging. Initial terms (for example benign senescent forgetfulness) were interpreted as aging phenomena. Later this state named as mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is considered as prodromal phase of demented disease. Up to date studies allow us consider MCI as an integral part of the complex structure of overlapping syndromes ('pre-cognitive impairment'), the allocation of which have not only theoretical, but also pragmatic meaning, allow us, on the one hand, to plan clinical trials series with various therapeutic targets, and, on the other hand, to form rational approach to the modern management of patients with MCI and pre-MCI in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cognitivos , Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Idoso , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Transtornos da Memória
16.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 119(9. Vyp. 2): 78-84, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31825394

RESUMO

Accurate establishment of the etiology of rapidly progressive dementia is a difficult but very important task, since a number of diseases and conditions that can cause cognitive decline are potentially curable and can be completely reversible with proper diagnosis and timely treatment. While a delay in treatment can lead to severe residual deficiency or death. The article provides current data on the etiology, pathogenesis, clinical presentations, diagnosis and treatment of major diseases and pathological conditions that may cause rapidly progressive dementia.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Demência , Demência/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Progressão da Doença , Humanos
17.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793550

RESUMO

Article is devoted to topical issues of complex diagnosis and treatment of the consequences of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children, adolescents and adults. Craniocerebral trauma is one of the most important problems of modern neurology, due to the high frequency and severity of disability. In recent years, there has been a steady increase in effects of TBI, a significant part of which are asthenic, autonomic, cognitive, emotional and motor disorders. Factors affecting the severity of the consequences of TBI are: the severity of the injury, the age, at which the injury occurred, the time elapsed since the injury, the localization of the lesion. After mild TBI, the structure of cognitive impairment is dominated by memory and attention disorders (75%), visual-motor coordination, as well as asthenic disorders (88%), chronic headaches (95%). After moderate and severe TBI, there are more pronounced impairment of cognitive and motor functions accompanied by pathological neurological symptoms in 94-100% of children, which leads to difficulties in learning, self-service and has a negative impact on social adaptation. The article describes in detail the modern methods of complex diagnosis, as well as pathogenetically justified methods of drug therapy of cognitive disorders in patients with the consequences of TBI. The high efficacy of the modern cytoprotective drug Cytoflavin in the treatment of the effects of TBI is shown.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas , Disfunção Cognitiva , Transtornos da Memória , Adolescente , Adulto , Concussão Encefálica/complicações , Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Concussão Encefálica/terapia , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/complicações , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/terapia , Criança , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Humanos , Memória , Transtornos da Memória/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Transtornos da Memória/terapia
18.
Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S S Korsakova ; 119(10): 103-110, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793551

RESUMO

The concept of mild cognitive impairment is one of the promising directions for studying the predementia stages of different diseases. The feasibility of studying this phenomenon is due not only to a high risk of dementia, but also the potential reversibility of cognitive decline in old age. Long-term follow-up of patients shows different trajectories of cognitive decline in aging. The study of risk factors for the progression of moderate cognitive impairment provided an opportunity to highlight new horizons of prevention of dementia of various etiologies. Despite the insufficient effectiveness of drug therapy in patients with moderate cognitive impairment, exploring the opportunities for possible treatment of their subtypes seems promising from the point of view of improving clinical symptoms and a possible reduction in the rate of disease progression.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Adv Gerontol ; 32(4): 581-591, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800187

RESUMO

In the present review, the main attention is focused on the problem of polymorbidity and age-related conditions in elderly patients with CAD who need myocardial revascularization. In addition to a high risk of mortality, elderly patients with polymorbidity are characterized reduced functional activity, cognitive impairment, low quality of life and frequent seeking medical help. There is evidence of the presence of common mechanisms that affect the aging process and the development of a number of associated diseases associated with age. Accordingly, the study of polymorbidity will allow us to develop strategies for the prevention it and understand the aging process and significantly reduce the risks of surgical intervention. In this regard, there is a necessity for research aimed at studying the causal relationship between coronary artery disease and polymorbidity in elderly patients with an additional assessment of functional and cognitive status for the development of specific prognostic tools and treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Revascularização Miocárdica , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Humanos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Revascularização Miocárdica/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Risco
20.
Adv Gerontol ; 32(4): 664-667, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800198

RESUMO

The article presents the results of the analysis of the needs of long-lived people with disabilities in medical and social care, reflects the problems that arise in this contingent of persons when it is necessary to address the issues of medical and social rehabilitation. A medical and social examination of 238 long-lived patients undergoing inpatient treatment in a geriatric medical organization was carried out. The most frequent deviations from the norm in laboratory and instrumental methods of research are revealed. Screening of «Age is no obstacle¼, which revealed the presence of cognitive disorders and depression in a significant number of investigated and their dependence on others. Emphasized the importance of participation of bodies of social protection of the population in solving the problems of the aged.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Problemas Sociais , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/reabilitação , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Problemas Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos
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