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1.
J Korean Med Sci ; 35(4): e24, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31997614

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The impact of myocardial damage on the prognosis of patients with septic shock is not clearly elucidated because complex hemodynamic changes in sepsis obscure the direct relationship. We evaluated left ventricular (LV) conditions that reflect myocardial damage independently from hemodynamic changes in septic shock and their influence on the prognosis of patients. METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 208 adult patients who were admitted to the intensive care unit and underwent echocardiography within 7 days from the diagnosis of septic shock. Patients who were previously diagnosed with structural heart disease or coronary artery disease were excluded. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was divided into four categories: normal, ≥ 50%; mild, ≥ 40%; moderate, ≥ 30%; and severe dysfunction, < 30%. Wall motion impairment was categorized into the following patterns: normal, diffuse, ballooning, and focal. RESULTS: There were 141 patients with normal LVEF. Among patients with impaired LV wall motion, the diffuse pattern was the most common (34 patients), followed by the ballooning pattern (26 patients). Finally, 102 patients died, and in-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with severe LV systolic dysfunction (hazard ratio [HR], 1.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.04-3.75; P = 0.039) and in patients with diffuse pattern of LV wall motion impairment (HR, 2.28; 95% CI, 1.19-4.36; P = 0.013) than in those with a normal LV systolic function. CONCLUSION: Severe LV systolic dysfunction and diffuse pattern of LV wall motion impairment significantly affected in-hospital mortality in patients with septic shock. Conventional echocardiographic evaluation provides adequate information on the development of myocardial damage and accurately predicts the prognosis of patients with septic shock.


Assuntos
Sepse , Choque Séptico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade , Choque Séptico/complicações , Choque Séptico/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Função Ventricular Esquerda
2.
Dis Markers ; 2019: 7512805, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583030

RESUMO

Background: The ratio of early mitral inflow velocity to the global diastolic strain rate (E/E'sr) and global longitudinal systolic strain (GLS) of the left ventricle (LV) are emerging indices of diastolic and systolic functions, respectively, for the LV. Their prognostic significance in the prediction of mortality and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes remains underexplored in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Methods: This prospective study included 190 maintenance HD patients. The E/E'sr ratio and GLS were assessed using two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography. The clinical outcomes included overall mortality, CV mortality, and major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE). The associations between the E/E'sr ratio, GLS, and clinical outcomes were evaluated using multivariate Cox regression analysis. The incremental values of the E/E'sr ratio and GLS in outcome prediction were assessed by χ 2 changes in Cox models. Results: Over a median follow-up period of 3.7 years, there were 35 overall deaths, 16 CV deaths, and 45 MACE. Impaired diastolic function with a higher E/E'sr ratio was associated with overall mortality (HR, 1.484; 95% CI, 1.201-1.834; p < 0.001), CV mortality (HR, 1.584; 95% CI, 1.058-2.371; p = 0.025), and MACE (HR, 1.205; 95% CI, 1.040-1.397; p = 0.013) in multivariate adjusted Cox analysis. Worsening GLS was associated with overall mortality (HR, 1.276; 95% CI, 1.101-1.480; p = 0.001), CV mortality (HR, 1.513; 95% CI, 1.088-2.104; p = 0.014), and MACE (HR, 1.214; 95% CI, 1.103-1.337; p < 0.001). The E/E'sr ratio and GLS had better outcome prediction than the E to early diastolic mitral annular velocity (E/E') ratio and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF). Moreover, adding the E/E'sr ratio and GLS to Cox models containing relevant clinical and conventional echocardiographic parameters improved the prediction of overall mortality (p < 0.001), CV mortality (p < 0.001), and MACE (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The E/E'sr ratio and GLS, as emerging indices of LV diastolic and systolic functions, significantly predict mortality and CV outcomes and outperform conventional echocardiographic parameters in outcome prediction in HD patients.


Assuntos
Diástole , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Diálise Renal , Sístole , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Ventrículos do Coração/diagnóstico por imagem , Ventrículos do Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
3.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1147-1153, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484872

RESUMO

Heart failure causes increased venous pressure, leading to liver dysfunction. The fibrosis-4 index is a simple index for liver fibrosis and has been reported to be useful for predicting prognosis in heart failure; however, its impact on patients with pulmonary hypertension due to left heart disease (PH-LHD) has not yet been fully elucidated.We enrolled consecutive 230 hospitalized patients who had been diagnosed as having PH-LHD. The fibrosis-4 index was calculated as follows: [aspartate transaminase (U/L) × age]/[alanine transaminase 1/2 (U/L) × platelet count (109/L) ]. We followed patients for all-cause mortality during the follow-up period (mean 1112 ± 822 days).The patients were divided into tertiles based on their fibrosis-4 index: the first tertile 0.335 to 1.381; the second tertile 1.391 to 2.311; and the third tertile 2.323 to 14.339. Compared with the first tertile, the third tertile had lower estimated glomerular filtration rates and hemoglobin levels. All-cause mortality was significantly higher in the third than in the first tertile. In a Cox proportional hazard model, the fibrosis-4 index was a predictor of all-cause mortality in PH-LHD patients (HR 1.212, 95% CI 1.099-1.337, P < 0.001).The fibrosis-4 index is associated with kidney function, anemia, and high mortality in PH-LHD patients.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Hipertensão Pulmonar/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Fibrose/sangue , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitais Universitários , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Análise de Sobrevida , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/sangue
4.
Am J Cardiol ; 124(5): 729-735, 2019 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272702

RESUMO

Limited data exist on the course of left ventricle ejection fraction (LVEF) among outpatients with heart failure (HF) and preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and its impact on outcomes. We evaluated 322 consecutive outpatients with confirmed HF, LVEF >40%, no previous LVEF ≤40%, and no specific cardiomyopathies or primary right-sided or valvular heart disease. Median age was 73 years (interquartile range: 63 to 82); 57.1% were women, 50.3% White, and 45.0% Black; median LVEF was 55% (50% to 60%); and 45.6% had coronary artery disease. After a median of 37 months (32 to 38) and 4.5 follow-up echocardiograms (4 to 6) per patient, 11.4% of patients (95% confidence interval [CI] 5.2% to 17.7%) developed LVEF <40%. The average drop in LVEF among these patients was 19.4 units (95%CI 15.0 to 23.8) to an average LVEF of 30.3% (95%CI 27.4% to 33.2%). Baseline systolic blood pressure >130 mm Hg was associated with more LVEF decline. During follow-up, 50 patients died (3-year mortality 15.3%) and 67 additional patients were hospitalized for HF (3-year death plus HF hospitalization 35.6%). Development of LVEF <40% was subsequently followed by 5-fold higher mortality in time-updated models (adjusted HR 4.91; 95%CI 2.00 to 12.0; p = 0.001) and 3.5-fold higher rates of death or HF hospitalization (adjusted HR 3.70; 95%CI 1.67 to 8.19; p = 0.001). Interval coronary events were infrequent (10%) among patients with deteriorated LVEF. The impact of LVEF changes on outcomes was similar in White and Black patients. In conclusion, a proportion of patients with HFpEF will develop reduced LVEF over time. These patients have worse prognosis subsequently.


Assuntos
Causas de Morte , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pacientes Ambulatoriais/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
5.
Cardiol Young ; 29(5): 649-654, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31230611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Two-stage arterial switch operation and left ventricle retraining are necessary for the patients with left ventricle dysfunction and transposition of great vessels with intact ventricular septum (TGA-IVS) who are referred late. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with the diagnosis of TGA-IVS and left ventricle dysfunction who underwent arterial switch operation in our centre between July 2013 and August 2017 were analysed retrospectively. The inclusion criteria for left ventricle retraining were patients older than 2 months of age at presentation, having an echocardiographic left ventricle mass index of less than 35 g/m², and having an echocardiographic "banana-shaped" left ventricle geometric appearance. The patients were divided into two groups: pulmonary artery banding and Blalock Taussig shunt were performed as the initial surgical procedure for later arterial switch operation in Group I (n = 19) and pulmonary artery banding and bidirectional cava-pulmonary shunt in Group 2 (n = 28). RESULTS: The average age was found to be 122.3 ± 45.6 days in Group I and 145.9 ± 37.2 days in Group II. There was no statistically significant difference (p = 0.232 versus p = 0.373) between the average left ventricle mass index of the two groups neither before the first stage nor the second stage (26.6 ± 4.8 g/m² versus 25.0 ± 4.9 g/m² and 70.5 ± 12 g/m² versus 673.8 ± 12.0 g/m², respectively). The average time interval for the left ventricle to retrain was 97.7 ± 42.9 days for Group I and 117.3 ± 40.3 days for Group II, significantly lower in Group I (p = 0.027). The time spent in ICU, length of the period during which inotropic support was required, and the duration of hospital stay were significantly higher in Group I (p<0.001, p < 0.001, and p < 0.00, respectively). CONCLUSION: Pulmonary artery banding and bidirectional cava-pulmonary shunt can be performed as a safe and effective alternative to pulmonary artery banding and arterial Blalock Taussig shunt for patients with TGA-IVS in whom arterial switch operation is needed beyond the neonatal period. This approach involves a shorter hospital stay and fewer post-operative complications.


Assuntos
Comunicação Interventricular/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/cirurgia , Transposição das Grandes Artérias , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Comunicação Interventricular/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Artéria Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Artéria Pulmonar/cirurgia , Veias Pulmonares/fisiopatologia , Veias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Encaminhamento e Consulta , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Turquia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Obstrução do Fluxo Ventricular Externo/mortalidade
6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 2(6): e195321, 2019 06 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199443

RESUMO

Importance: Undifferentiated dyspnea is common in late life, but the relative contribution of subclinical cardiac dysfunction is unknown. Impairments in cardiac structure and function may be characteristics of undifferentiated dyspnea in elderly people, providing potential insights into occult heart failure (HF). Objective: To quantify the association of undifferentiated dyspnea with cardiac dysfunction after accounting for other potential contributors. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study used data from Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities study participants 65 years and older who attended the fifth study visit (from 2011 to 2013) and had not been diagnosed with HF, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, morbid obesity, or severe kidney disease. Analyses were conducted from October 2017 to June 2018. Exposures: Dyspnea measured using the modified Medical Research Council scale, with a score less than 2 classified as none to mild and a score of 2 or more classified as moderate to severe. Main Outcomes and Measures: Using multivariable logistic regression, the association of undifferentiated dyspnea was defined using cardiac structure, systolic and diastolic function, pulmonary pressure (echocardiography), pulmonary function (spirometry), glomerular filtration rate, hemoglobin, body mass index, depression, and physical performance. The population-attributable risk was calculated for each dysfunction metric. Results: Among 4342 participants (mean [SD] age, 75.9 [5.0] years; 2533 [58.3%] women), 1173 (27.0%) had undifferentiated dyspnea. Moderate to severe dyspnea was present in 574 participants (13.2%) and was associated with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (odds ratio [OR], 1.53; 95% CI, 1.25-1.87; P < .001) and LV diastolic (OR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.20-1.78; P < .001) and systolic (OR, 1.28; 95% CI, 1.05-1.56; P = .02) dysfunction. Moderate to severe dyspnea was also associated with obstructive (OR, 1.59; 95% CI, 1.28-1.99; P < .001) and restrictive (OR, 2.56; 95% CI, 1.99-3.27; P < .001) findings on spirometry, renal impairment (OR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.08-1.61; P = .01), anemia (OR, 1.72; 95% CI, 1.39-2.12; P < .001), lower (OR, 2.77; 95% CI, 2.18-3.51; P < .001) and upper (OR, 1.82; 95% CI, 1.49-2.23; P < .001) extremity weakness, depression (OR, 3.01; 95% CI, 2.24-4.25; P < .001), and obesity (OR, 2.35; 95% CI, 1.95-2.83; P < .001). After accounting for these, moderate to severe dyspnea was associated with LV hypertrophy (OR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.01-1.67; P = .04) and was not associated with systolic or diastolic function. In contrast, in the fully adjusted model, other organ system measures were associated with dyspnea, except for glomerular filtration rate and grip strength. The population-attributable risk of dyspnea associated with obesity alone was 22.6% compared with 5.8% for LV hypertrophy. Conclusions and Relevance: Undifferentiated dyspnea is multifactorial in older adults, and this study showed an association with obesity. When accounting for other relevant organ systems, cardiovascular function poorly discriminated those with vs those without dyspnea. Therefore, dyspnea should not be assumed to represent occult HF in this population.


Assuntos
Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice de Massa Corporal , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia/etiologia , Dispneia/mortalidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/mortalidade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
7.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(7): 1265-1275, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31165941

RESUMO

Assessment of global longitudinal strain (GLS) is superior to ejection fraction (EF) in the evaluation of left ventricular (LV) function in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). However, the role of mechanical dispersion (MD) in this context remains unresolved. We aimed to evaluate the potential role of MD as a marker of LV dysfunction and long-term prognosis in stable CAD. EF, GLS and MD were assessed in 160 patients with stable CAD, 1 year after successful coronary revascularization. Serum levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI) and amino-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) were quantified as surrogate markers of LV dysfunction. The primary endpoint was defined as all-cause mortality, the secondary endpoint was defined as the composite of all-cause mortality and hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction or heart failure during follow-up. Whereas no associations between EF and the biochemical markers of LV function were found, both GLS and MD correlated positively with increasing levels of hs-cTnI (R = 0.315, P < 0.001 and R = 0.442, P < 0.001, respectively) and NT-proBNP (R = 0.195, P = 0.016 and R = 0.390, P < 0.001, respectively). Median MD was 46 ms (interquartile range [IQR] 37-53) and was successfully quantified in 96% of the patients. During a median follow-up of 8.4 (IQR 8.2-8.8) years, 14 deaths and 29 secondary events occurred. MD was significantly increased in non-survivors, and provided incremental prognostic value when added to EF and GLS. NT-proBNP was superior to the echocardiographic markers in predicting adverse outcomes. MD may be a promising marker of LV dysfunction and adverse prognosis in stable CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Revascularização Miocárdica , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Causas de Morte , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revascularização Miocárdica/efeitos adversos , Revascularização Miocárdica/mortalidade , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Readmissão do Paciente , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Troponina I/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia
8.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(9): 1651-1659, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053980

RESUMO

We investigated the influence of the extent of viability using low dose dobutamine wall motion score index (WMS) on the survival benefit of surgical revascularization (CABG) versus medical therapy. In the STICH trial, viability assessment was not helpful in determining the benefit of CABG. However, the extent of viable myocardium with contractile function was not assessed in the trial. Dobutamine echocardiography was performed in 250 patients with ischemic left ventricular dysfunction (125-medically treated, 125-CABG). The mean ejection fraction (EF) was 32% in both groups. WMS during low dose dobutamine infusion was used to classify patients into groups with extensive (WMS < 2.00), intermediate (WMS 2.00-2.49), and limited (WMS ≥ 2.50) viability. Survival free of cardiac death was assessed at 2 years and for the complete duration of follow-up. There were 44 (35.2%) and 67 (53.6%) cardiac deaths in the revascularized and medically treated patients respectively (follow-up of 5.7 ± 5.8 years). Revascularized and medically treated patients with extensive viability had similar 2-year survival (p = 0.567) but revascularized patients had improved long-term survival (p = 0.0001). In those with intermediate viability, revascularization improved both 2 year (p = 0.014) and long-term survival (p = 0.0001). In patients with limited viability, 2-year survival was worse in revascularized patients (p = 0.04) and long-term survival was similar (p = 0 .25) in revascularized and medically treated groups. Patients with extensive and intermediate amounts of viability have improved survival with CABG but those with limited viability have poorer short-term outcome and no long-term benefit.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiotônicos/administração & dosagem , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Dobutamina/administração & dosagem , Ecocardiografia sob Estresse/métodos , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/mortalidade , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/cirurgia , Miocárdio/patologia , Seleção de Pacientes , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Sobrevivência de Tecidos , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia
9.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 21(1): 28, 2019 05 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Impaired left ventricular (LV) contraction and relaxation may further promote adverse remodeling and may increase the risk of ventricular arrhythmia (VA) in ischemic cardiomyopathy. We aimed to examine the association of cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR)-derived circumferential strain parameters for LV regional systolic function, LV diastolic function and mechanical dispersion with the risk of VA in patients with prior myocardial infarction and primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). METHODS: Patients with an ischemic cardiomyopathy who underwent CMR prior to primary prevention ICD implantation, were retrospectively identified. LV segmental circumferential strain curves were extracted from short-axis cine CMR. For LV regional strain analysis, the extent of moderately and severely impaired strain (percentage of LV segments with strain between - 10% and - 5% and > - 5%, respectively) were calculated. LV diastolic function was quantified by the early and late diastolic strain rate. Mechanical dispersion was defined as the standard deviation in delay time between each strain curve and the patient-specific reference curve. Cox proportional hazard ratios (HR) (95%CI) were calculated to assess the association between LV strain parameters and appropriate ICD therapy. RESULTS: A total of 121 patients (63 ± 11 years, 84% men, LV ejection fraction (LVEF) 27 ± 9%) were included. During a median (interquartile range) follow-up of 47 (27;69) months, 30 (25%) patients received appropriate ICD therapy. The late diastolic strain rate (HR 1.1 (1.0;1.2) per - 0.25 1/s, P = 0.043) and the extent of moderately impaired strain (HR 1.5 (1.0;2.2) per + 10%, P = 0.048) but not the extent of severely impaired strain (HR 0.9 (0.6;1.4) per + 10%, P = 0.685) were associated with appropriate ICD therapy, independent of LVEF, late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) scar border size and acute revascularization. Mechanical dispersion was not related to appropriate ICD therapy (HR 1.1 (0.8;1.6) per + 25 ms, P = 0.464). CONCLUSIONS: In an ischemic cardiomyopathy population referred for primary prevention ICD implantation, the extent of moderately impaired strain and late diastolic strain rate were associated with the risk of appropriate ICD therapy, independent of LVEF, scar border size and acute revascularization. These findings suggest that disturbed LV contraction and relaxation may contribute to an increased risk of VA after myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Prevenção Primária/instrumentação , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Arritmias Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Cardioversão Elétrica/efeitos adversos , Cardioversão Elétrica/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Remodelação Ventricular
10.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 20(7): 434-441, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31090559

RESUMO

AIMS: Aortic prosthesis-patient mismatch (PPM) increases left ventricular (LV) afterload and prevents LV mass regression (LVMR) after surgery. This study was designed to investigate the association between the baseline global longitudinal strain (GLS) and the postoperative LVMR, and its relation to adverse outcomes. METHODS: A total of 316 patients with aortic stenosis undergoing isolated mechanical prosthesis implantation were screened, and data from 91 patients with aortic PPM and 165 non-PPM patients were retrospectively collected. All 256 patients underwent measurement of GLS by two-dimensional speckle-tracking echocardiography preoperatively, and were followed up for postoperative changes of LV mass index (LVMi) and other clinical outcomes. RESULTS: During the follow-up, LVMi in PPM patients decreased significantly from 139.6 ±â€Š20.8 to 119.6 ±â€Š26.5 g/m (P < 0.001). These patients were divided into two groups according to the median value of the reduction rate of LVMi at final follow-up, and preoperative GLS markedly decreased in PPM patients with insignificant reduction in LVMi. Multivariate analysis identified preoperative GLS (odds ratio 3.45, 95% confidence interval 1.27-11.05, P = 0.002) and preoperative LVMi (odds ratio 2.87, 95% confidence interval 1.21-8.13, P = 0.012) as independently associated with an insignificant LVMR. Moreover, PPM patients with limited reduction in LVMi were at an increased risk of cardiac death and major adverse valve-related events. CONCLUSION: In patients with aortic PPM early after surgery, reduced preoperative GLS could be a novel sensitive risk factor for a limited regression of LV hypertrophy, and this is associated with an increased risk of adverse events in PPM patients.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Remodelação Ventricular , Adulto , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/mortalidade , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Desenho de Prótese , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia
11.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 132(8): 935-942, 2019 Apr 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30958435

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are few reports of peri-operative application of intra-aortic balloon pumping (IABP) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and different grades of left ventricular dysfunction. This study aimed to analyze the early outcomes of peri-operative application of IABP in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) among patients with CAD and left ventricular dysfunction, and to provide a clinical basis for the peri-operative use of IABP. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 612 patients who received CABG in the General Hospital of People's Liberation Army between May 1995 and June 2014. Patients were assigned to an IABP or non-IABP group according to their treatments. Logistic regression analysis was performed to investigate the influence of peri-operative IABP implantation on in-hospital mortality. Further subgroup analysis was performed on patients with severe (ejection fraction [EF] ≤ 35%) and mild (EF = 36%-50%) left ventricular dysfunction. RESULTS: Out of 612 included subjects, 78 belonged to the IABP group (12.7%) and 534 to the non-IABP group. Pre-operative left ventricular EF (LVEF) and EuroSCOREII predicted mortality was higher in the IABP group compared with the non-IABP group (P < 0.001 in both cases), yet the two did not differ significantly in terms of post-operative in-hospital mortality (P = 0.833). Regression analysis showed that IABP implantation, recent myocardial infarction, critical status, non-elective operation, and post-operative ventricular fibrillation were risk factors affecting in-hospital mortality (P < 0.01 in all cases). Peri-operative IABP implantation was a protective factor against in-hospital mortality (P = 0.0010). In both the severe and mild left ventricular dysfunction subgroups, peri-operative IABP implantation also exerted a protective role against mortality (P = 0.0303 and P = 0.0101, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Peri-operative IABP implantation could reduce the in-hospital mortality and improve the surgical outcomes of patients with CAD with both severe and mild left ventricular dysfunction.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Balão Intra-Aórtico/métodos , Idoso , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia
12.
Heart Surg Forum ; 22(2): E124-E130, 2019 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31013222

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Advanced age is a relative contraindication for heart transplantation, but no age cutoff has been defined for patients receiving mechanical circulatory support. METHODS: Between November 1, 2003 and November 1, 2012, we implanted the HeartMate II (HMII) left ventricular assist device (LVAD) in 319 patients. One hundred seven patients (89 men, 18 women) were over 60 years old (mean, 66 ± 4 years, range, 61-78 years) and received the HMII as a bridge to transplantation (n = 45) or as destination therapy (n = 62). We evaluated their experience by performing a retrospective analysis. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients had ischemic cardiomyopathy, and 34 had idiopathic cardiomyopathy. Three patients (2.8%) already had a HeartMate XVE LVAD, 54 (50.5%) were receiving intra-aortic balloon pump support, 52 (48.6%) had undergone a previous cardiac procedure, and 9 (8.4%) had received renal replacement therapy (RRT) (continuous venovenous hemofiltration, hemodialysis, or both) before HMII implantation. The median duration of HMII support was 313 days (range, 1-3339 days). After device implantation, 36 patients (33.6%) had gastrointestinal bleeding, 24 (23%) required RRT, 18 (17.5%) had ventricular arrhythmias, and 24 (22.4%) had LVAD-related infections, and 9 (8.4%) had right ventricular failure requiring mechanical support, and 28 (26.2%) had neurologic complications. The actual survival rate was 69% at 6 months, 63% at 1 year, and 54% at 2 years. Eighty-one patients died, 9 are still receiving HMII support, and 17 are alive after heart transplantation. CONCLUSIONS: Older patients can benefit from LVAD therapy, and advanced age should not preclude LVAD implantation.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Coração Auxiliar , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/cirurgia , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/mortalidade , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Transplante de Coração , Humanos , Balão Intra-Aórtico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Terapia de Substituição Renal , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
13.
Circ Arrhythm Electrophysiol ; 12(3): e007022, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30866666

RESUMO

Background Patients with nonischemic systolic heart failure are at an increased risk of sudden cardiac death, but more discriminating tools are needed to identify those patients likely to benefit from implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation. Whether right ventricular (RV) ejection fraction (RVEF) can identify patients with nonischemic systolic heart failure more likely to benefit from ICD implantation is not yet known. Methods In this post hoc analysis of the DANISH trial (Danish Study to Assess the Efficacy of ICDs in Patients with Nonischemic Systolic Heart Failure on Mortality), patients with nonischemic systolic heart failure randomized to ICD or control underwent cardiovascular magnetic resonance. RV systolic dysfunction was defined as RVEF ≤45%. Cox regression assessed the effects of RV function and ICD implantation on all-cause mortality, sudden cardiac death, and cardiovascular death. Results Overall, 239 patients had interpretable images of RV volume. Median RVEF was 51%, RV systolic dysfunction was present in 75 (31%) patients, and 55 (23%) patients died. RVEF was an independent predictor of all-cause mortality, hazards ratio 1.34 per 10% absolute decrease in RVEF (95% CI, 1.05-1.70), P=0.02. There was a statistically significant interaction between RVEF and the effect of ICD implantation ( P=0.001). ICD implantation significantly reduced all-cause mortality in patients with RV systolic dysfunction, hazards ratio 0.41 (95% CI, 0.17-0.97), P=0.04 but not in patients without RV systolic dysfunction, hazards ratio 1.87 (95% CI, 0.85-3.92), P=0.12, ( P=0.01 for the difference in effect of ICD between RV groups). Conclusions In this post hoc analysis of the DANISH trial, ICD therapy was associated with survival benefit in patients with biventricular heart failure. These findings need confirmation in a prospective study. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT00542945.


Assuntos
Cardioversão Elétrica/instrumentação , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/terapia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Idoso , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/prevenção & controle , Desfibriladores Implantáveis , Dinamarca , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca Sistólica/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(13): e15070, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921240

RESUMO

Echocardiography and cardiac biomarkers, such as cardiac troponin I (cTnI) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) are useful tools to evaluate cardiac dysfunction. Left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD) is common in pediatric severe sepsis. The aim of this study is to evaluate the prognostic value of LVSD, cTnI, and NT-pro BNP for pediatric severe sepsis.A prospective, single center, observational study was conducted. Severe sepsis children were enrolled in the study from December 2015 to December 2016 in pediatric intensive care unit of Shanghai Children's Medical Center. Recorded general information, transthoracic echocardiography were performed at day 1, 2, 3, 7, and 10, using Simpson to measure left ventricular end-diastolic dimension and left ventricular end-systolic dimension, obtained echocardiography parameters: left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left ventricular fractional shortening, left ventricular end-diastolic volume, left ventricular end- systolic volume, stroke volume, cardiac output. At the same time collecting the blood sample to measure cTnI, NT-pro BNP. The definition of LVSD was LVEF <50%. According to the prognosis of 28 days, children with severe sepsis were divided into survived group and nonsurvived group.Total of 50 pediatric patients who were diagnosed with severe sepsis (including septic shock) were enrolled, the incidence of LVSD was 52%. The 28-day mortality rate of severe sepsis was 34%. Multivariate logistic regression analyses for predictors of death in pediatric severe sepsis revealed that the 28-day mortality of severe sepsis was associated with mechanical ventilation (MV) within the first 6 hours of admission (odds ratio [OR], 0.01; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.00-0.07) and total MV time (OR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.68-0.97). The receiver operating characteristic curves LVEF (area under curve = 0.526), cTnI (area under curve = 0.480), and NT-pro BNP (area under curve = 0.624) were used to predict the 28-day mortality in pediatric severe sepsis. Follow-up echocardiography parameters for survived group and nonsurvived group showed no significant changes in LVEF, LVFS, stroke volume index, cardiac index (CI), left ventricular end-diastolic volume index and left ventricular end-systolic volume index at day 1, 2, 3, 7, and 10, except for CI at day 1 and 2. Kaplan-Meier plot of 28-day mortality and LVSD in pediatric severe sepsis showed there were no statistical differences (χ = 0.042, P = .837).LVSD occurs frequently in pediatric with severe sepsis. The 28-day mortality rate of severe sepsis was also high. In this study, none of LVSD, cTnI, and NT-proBNP was associated with the prognosis of pediatric severe sepsis.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Sepse/mortalidade , Troponina I/sangue , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Ecocardiografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Sepse/sangue , Sepse/fisiopatologia , Sístole/fisiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia
15.
J Cardiovasc Med (Hagerstown) ; 20(5): 343-350, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921270

RESUMO

AIMS: Arrhythmic risk stratification is a challenging issue in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), particularly when left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is more than 35%. We studied the prevalence and predictors of sudden cardiac death or malignant ventricular arrhythmias (SCD/MVAs) in DCM patients categorized at low arrhythmic risk because of intermediate left ventricular dysfunction under optimal medical treatment (OMT). METHODS: DCM patients considered at low arrhythmic risk (LVEF >35% and New York Heart Association class I-III after 6 ±â€Š3 months of OMT) were analysed. An arrhythmogenic profile was defined as the presence of at least one among a history of syncope, nonsustained ventricular tachycardia, at least 1000 premature ventricular contractions/24 h, at least 50 ventricular couplets/24 h at Holter ECG monitoring. SCD/MVAs was considered as the study end-point. RESULTS: During a median follow-up of 152 months (interquartile range 100-234), 30 out of 360 (8.3%) patients at low arrhythmic risk (LVEF 47 ±â€Š7%) experienced the study end-point [14 (3.9%) SCD and 16 (4.4%) MVA]. Compared with survivors, patients who experienced SCD/MVAs had more frequently an arrhythmogenic profile and a larger left atrium. Their LVEF at the last available evaluation before the arrhythmic event was 36 ±â€Š12%. At multivariable analysis, left atrial end-systolic area [hazard ratio 1.107; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) 1.039-1.179, P = 0.002 for 1 mm increase] and arrhythmogenic profile (hazard ratio 3.667; 95% CI 1.762-7.632, P = 0.001) emerged as predictors of SCD/MVAs during follow-up. CONCLUSION: A consistent quota of DCM patients with intermediate left ventricular dysfunction receiving OMT experienced SCD/MVA during follow-up. Left atrial dilatation and arrhythmogenic pattern were associated with a higher risk of SCD/MVA.


Assuntos
Arritmias Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/epidemiologia , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adulto , Arritmias Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Arritmias Cardíacas/mortalidade , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/diagnóstico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/mortalidade , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/tratamento farmacológico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Função Ventricular Esquerda/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
J Cardiovasc Surg (Torino) ; 60(3): 396-405, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) dysfunction alone is insufficient as an independent predictor of postoperative complications and mortality in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Our objective was to identify additional independent risk factors in patients with low left ventricle ejection fraction (EF) who underwent CABG. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed CABG results of 346 consecutive patients with low EF (≤30%) in a single institution between 2009 and 2015. The primary study endpoint was 30-day all-cause mortality. The secondary endpoints were the development of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and renal complications after operation. A subgroup of patients underwent additional analyses of the interaction between extents of viable myocardium and postoperative endpoints. RESULTS: The analysis showed that preoperative hemodynamic instability (AOR=4.57; 95% CI: 1.53-13.7, P=0.007) and serum creatinine >166 µmol/L (AOR=3.46; 95% CI: 1.12-10.7, P=0.031) were independent predictors of 30-day death. Both urgent and emergency operations were predictors for MACE (P=0.038; P=0.005) and renal complications (P=0.004; P=0.007). Pre-existing diabetes mellitus increased the likelihood of renal complications (P=0.020). In the sub-analysis of patients with viable myocardium, the mortality was significantly lower with predicted mortality (P=0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with significant LV dysfunction undergoing isolated CABG have fair short-term survival even with EF less than 30%. Hemodynamic instability prior to operation and preoperative kidney dysfunction are strong predictors of mortality in patients with low EF. Favorable coronary targets, meticulous operative techniques, and optimal surgical timing before hemodynamic deterioration occurs are essential to minimize the risk of revascularization complications and early postoperative mortality.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Volume Sistólico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Rim/fisiopatologia , Nefropatias/diagnóstico , Nefropatias/mortalidade , Nefropatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
17.
Scand Cardiovasc J ; 53(2): 62-70, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30916588

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Severe LV dysfunction and advanced age are associated with VT recurrence after catheter ablation in patients with post-infarction drug-refractory VT. We present retrospective analysis of long-term outcome after single and repeat VT ablation procedures in patients with ischemic heart disease. DESIGN: Patients with recurrent VT post infarction who underwent catheter ablation between 2006 and 2017 in Isala Heart Centre were retrospectively analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to identify predictors of arrhythmia recurrence post ablation. Patients were allocated to subgroups based on LVEF: severe (<30%), moderate (30-40%) and mild LV dysfunction (41-51%) and analyzed with log rank test. RESULTS: A total of 144 patients were included. Two years VT free survival after a single procedure was 56.6% with median follow-up 46 [17-78] months. Recurrence of VT postablation wash high among patients with an old anteroseptal MI and LVEF < 30% with multiple morphologies of inducible VTs, indicating an extensive and complex substrate. Patients who underwent repeat ablations (27.1%) had significant more often LV aneurysms (20.5% vs. 7.6%, p = .03) and electrical storms (38.5% vs. 21.9%, p = .04). VT free survival was higher in patients with LVEF 41-51% compared to LVEF < 30% (71.4% vs. 47.8%, p = .01). In multivariate analysis, LVEF < 30% (vs 41-51%) was an independent predictor of arrhythmia recurrence (HR = 2.16, CI 1.15-4.06, p = .02). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with ischemic VT, success rate of ablation was highest among patients with preserved LV function and recurrent VT and ES was highest among patients with severe LV dysfunction after single and multiple ablation procedures.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Taquicardia Ventricular/cirurgia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Idoso , Ablação por Cateter/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Volume Sistólico , Taquicardia Ventricular/etiologia , Taquicardia Ventricular/mortalidade , Taquicardia Ventricular/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
18.
J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg ; 157(5): 1865-1875, 2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853225

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Despite small single-center reports demonstrating acceptable outcomes using donor hearts with left ventricular dysfunction, 19% of potential donor hearts are currently unused exclusively because of left ventricular dysfunction. We investigated modern long-term survival of transplanted donor hearts with left ventricular dysfunction using a large, diverse cohort. METHODS: Using the United Network for Organ Sharing database, we reviewed all adult heart transplants between January 2000 and March 2016. Baseline and postoperative characteristics and Kaplan-Meier survival curves were compared. A covariates-adjusted Cox regression model was developed to estimate post-transplant mortality. To address observed variation in patient profile across donor ejection fraction, a propensity score was built using Cox predictors as covariates in a generalized multiple linear regression model. All the variables in the original Cox model were included. For each recipient, a predicted donor ejection fraction was generated and exported as a new balancing score that was used in a subsequent Cox model. Cubic spline analysis suggested that at most 3 and perhaps no ejection fraction categories were appropriate. Therefore, in 1 Cox model we added donor ejection fraction as a grouped variable (using the spline-directed categories) and in the other as a continuous variable. RESULTS: A total of 31,712 donor hearts were transplanted during the study period. A total of 742 donor hearts were excluded for no recorded left ventricular ejection fraction, and 20 donor hearts were excluded for left ventricular ejection fraction less than 20%. Donor hearts with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction were from younger donors, more commonly male donors, and donors with lower body mass index than normal donor hearts. Recipients of donor hearts with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction were more likely to be on mechanical ventilation. Kaplan-Meier curves revealed no significant differences in recipient survival up to 15 years of follow-up (P = .694 log-rank test). Cox regression analysis showed that after adjustment for propensity variation, transplant year, and region, ejection fraction had no statistically significant impact on mortality when analyzed as a categoric or continuous variable. Left ventricular ejection fraction at approximately 1 year after transplantation was normal for all groups. CONCLUSIONS: Carefully selected donor hearts with even markedly diminished left ventricular ejection fraction can be transplanted with long-term survival equivalent to normal donor hearts and therefore should not be excluded from consideration on the basis of depressed left ventricular ejection fraction alone. Functional recovery of even the most impaired donor hearts in this study suggests that studies of left ventricular function in the setting of brain death should be interpreted cautiously.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Transplante de Coração/métodos , Volume Sistólico , Doadores de Tecidos , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Transplante de Coração/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Coração/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 35(5): 855-859, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30847658

RESUMO

Speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) has been increasingly used for detection of sepsis-related myocardial dysfunction. However, the impact of strain changes during sepsis treatment has not been defined. This study assessed STE at admission and during the treatment of patients with sepsis to evaluate its changes as a potential factor for predicting in-hospital outcome. This study included 26 patients with sepsis who underwent STE echocardiography on day 1 and 7 during treatment. Myocardial deformation of both ventricles was assessed using global longitudinal strain. The endpoint was in-hospital mortality. The mean age was 51.4 ± 18.3 years, and 54% were female. The average SOFA score at T0 was 8.6 ± 3.8 points and at day 7 was 4.9 ± 4.7 points. The left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction at baseline was 65.6 ± 9.1%, without changes in echocardiographic parameters during treatment. LV and RV longitudinal strain increased significantly in the patients who survived (- 18.8 ± 3.6 at D1 vs - 20.8 ± 2.5 at D7; p = 0.003; and - 21.3 ± 4.9 at D1 vs - 24.3 ± 5.8 at D7; p = 0.035, respectively), whereas strain values remained unchanged in those who died. After adjustment for the SOFA score, RV longitudinal strain at admission was associated with in-hospital mortality [adjusted odds ratio (OR) 0.760; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.591-0.977; p - 0.033]. STE improved significantly after the first week of treatment in patients with sepsis who survived compared with those patients who died during hospitalization. RV strain at admission predicted in-hospital mortality. An improvement in STE during sepsis treatment appears to be a useful tool for predicting in-hospital outcome.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Sepse/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/diagnóstico por imagem , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Função Ventricular Direita , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contração Miocárdica , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/diagnóstico , Sepse/mortalidade , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/etiologia , Disfunção Ventricular Direita/fisiopatologia
20.
World Neurosurg ; 126: e1099-e1111, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880203

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cardiac dysfunction may worsen outcomes after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). This study quantitatively assessed the prognostic value of left ventricular dysfunction with respect to functional outcomes and mortality in patients with aneurysmal SAH. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and EMBASE databases to retrieve relevant studies evaluating echocardiographic left ventricular dysfunction following aneurysmal SAH. Fourteen relevant observational studies evaluating 2234 patients were finally included in this study. RESULTS: Echocardiographic regional wall motion abnormalities (RWMA) and neurogenic cardiomyopathy (NCM) of the left ventricle occurring after SAH were significantly related to an increase of in-hospital mortality (in 8 studies for RWMA, odds ratio [OR] 2.37; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.74-3.25 and in 5 studies for NCM, OR 2.82; 95% CI 1.2-6.6). Decreased ejection fraction on echocardiography was not associated with the increase of in-hospital mortality (in 4 studies, OR 1.76; 95% CI 0.86-3.61). The heterogeneities of decreased ejection fraction and NCM were significantly resolved by analyzing only the studies based on echocardiogram measurements obtained within 72 hours after admission. CONCLUSIONS: The present meta-analysis suggests that the identification of echocardiographic left ventricular dysfunction identified by RWMA and NCM after SAH could provide better prognostic information for in-hospital mortality.


Assuntos
Ecocardiografia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/complicações , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/etiologia , Humanos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Prognóstico , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade
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