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1.
Front Public Health ; 9: 662842, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34222173

RESUMO

Background: When a new pathogen emerges, consistent case reporting is critical for public health surveillance. Tracking cases geographically and over time is key for understanding the spread of an infectious disease and effectively designing interventions to contain and mitigate an epidemic. In this paper we describe the reporting systems on COVID-19 in Southeast Asia during the first wave in 2020, and highlight the impact of specific reporting methods. Methods: We reviewed key epidemiological variables from various sources including a regionally comprehensive dataset, national trackers, dashboards, and case bulletins for 11 countries during the first wave of the epidemic in Southeast Asia. We recorded timelines of shifts in epidemiological reporting systems and described the differences in how epidemiological data are reported across countries and timepoints. Results: Our findings suggest that countries in Southeast Asia generally reported precise and detailed epidemiological data during the first wave of the pandemic. Changes in reporting rarely occurred for demographic data, while reporting shifts for geographic and temporal data were frequent. Most countries provided COVID-19 individual-level data daily using HTML and PDF, necessitating scraping and extraction before data could be used in analyses. Conclusion: Our study highlights the importance of more nuanced analyses of COVID-19 epidemiological data within and across countries because of the frequent shifts in reporting. As governments continue to respond to impacts on health and the economy, data sharing also needs to be prioritised given its foundational role in policymaking, and in the implementation and evaluation of interventions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ásia Sudeste/epidemiologia , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , SARS-CoV-2
3.
Front Public Health ; 9: 662842, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1295720

RESUMO

Background: When a new pathogen emerges, consistent case reporting is critical for public health surveillance. Tracking cases geographically and over time is key for understanding the spread of an infectious disease and effectively designing interventions to contain and mitigate an epidemic. In this paper we describe the reporting systems on COVID-19 in Southeast Asia during the first wave in 2020, and highlight the impact of specific reporting methods. Methods: We reviewed key epidemiological variables from various sources including a regionally comprehensive dataset, national trackers, dashboards, and case bulletins for 11 countries during the first wave of the epidemic in Southeast Asia. We recorded timelines of shifts in epidemiological reporting systems and described the differences in how epidemiological data are reported across countries and timepoints. Results: Our findings suggest that countries in Southeast Asia generally reported precise and detailed epidemiological data during the first wave of the pandemic. Changes in reporting rarely occurred for demographic data, while reporting shifts for geographic and temporal data were frequent. Most countries provided COVID-19 individual-level data daily using HTML and PDF, necessitating scraping and extraction before data could be used in analyses. Conclusion: Our study highlights the importance of more nuanced analyses of COVID-19 epidemiological data within and across countries because of the frequent shifts in reporting. As governments continue to respond to impacts on health and the economy, data sharing also needs to be prioritised given its foundational role in policymaking, and in the implementation and evaluation of interventions.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Pandemias , Ásia Sudeste/epidemiologia , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , SARS-CoV-2
6.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(1): 1-3, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34081002

RESUMO

Public health emergencies require real-time, accurate information to guide effective and timely responses. This calls for rapid and timely publication of information to promote both its scientific validity and societal value. On the other hand, rapid publication poses a potential threat to the integrity of the information published. Inaccurate or incomplete information arises due to the difficulty in conducting rigorous studies during an ongoing emergency, and the race for the fame and prestige that come with being first. The balance between the potential risks and benefits of rapid publication can be achieved by adhering to the principles of publication ethics that promote the integrity, accuracy and value of scientific literature (1). We highlight ten potential challenges related to scientific publishing and dissemination of information during this pandemic, and the underlying principles of publication ethics that could guide us.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Guias como Assunto , Disseminação de Informação/ética , Pandemias/ética , Editoração/ética , Editoração/normas , Relatório de Pesquisa/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Korean J Med Educ ; 33(2): 75-85, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1249701

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To compare differences in happiness and stress and related factors between pre-clinical and clinical year medical students during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Thailand. All undergraduate medical students were requested to voluntarily respond to an electronic survey. Demographic data, related factors of happiness and stress, scores from the Thai version of the Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Thai-OHQ), and Thai Stress Questionnaire (Thai-ST5) were collected. RESULTS: There were 369 responses, 64.8% from preclinical students and 35.2% responses from clinical students, and 53.9% were women. The mean age of the participants was 20.62±1.81 years. The most frequent platforms that the students used to track COVID-19 information were Facebook 43.9% and Twitter 43.4%. Both groups had a low level of stress. No difference was found in the Thai-OHQ score (p=0.323) and the Thai-ST5 score (p=0.278). With multivariable analysis, two factors significantly related to the happier students included higher health satisfaction scores (p<0.001) and maintaining an exercise program during the COVID-19 pandemic (p=0.015). CONCLUSION: There was no difference in the happiness and stress levels between the two groups during the first outbreak of COVID-19 in Thailand. To increase happiness, promoting awareness of health satisfaction and regularity of exercise for the medical students should be initiated. To direct the information during a disease outbreak such as the COVID-19 pandemic, Facebook, and Twitter are the primary platforms to use.


Assuntos
COVID-19/psicologia , Felicidade , Pandemias , Satisfação Pessoal , Estresse Psicológico , Estudantes de Medicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Conscientização , Estágio Clínico , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Educação de Graduação em Medicina , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino , SARS-CoV-2 , Mídias Sociais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tailândia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
12.
East Mediterr Health J ; 27(5): 443-451, 2021 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1257544

RESUMO

Background: YouTube can be a powerful educational tool for the dissemination of health information. However, if uploaded health-related videos are inaccurate, it can mislead, create confusion and generate panic. Aims: This study aimed to determine the success of the most-watched Turkish-language COVID-19 YouTube videos regarding information and guidance on the disease for the public. The secondary aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and quality of such video content. Methods: The study was conducted during May 2020 and analysed 133 videos. The length of the videos, the number of likes and dislikes, comments and views, how long they have been on YouTube, Medical Information and Content Index (MICI) Score, mDISCERN scores, global quality scores, and the source and target audiences of the videos were all determined. Results: The average MICI Scores of videos was 2.48±3.74 and the global quality scores was 1.27±0.64. When MICI Scores were compared between video sources, the scores of academic hospitals and government videos were significantly higher. The global quality scores of videos from news agencies and independent users was significantly lower ( < 0.001). The mDISCERN score of the videos uploaded by news agencies and categorized as useful was higher than the others (P < 0.001). Among the targeted videos, only the global quality scores of the videos made for health-care workers were found to be significantly higher. Conclusion: Health-care professionals should upload more videos to improve the quality of health-related video content available on YouTube. Accompanied by evidence-based information, the issues of diagnosis, ways of transmission, prevention and treatment of diseases should be emphasized.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias , SARS-CoV-2 , Gravação em Vídeo
13.
Indian J Med Ethics ; VI(1): 1-3, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1257356

RESUMO

Public health emergencies require real-time, accurate information to guide effective and timely responses. This calls for rapid and timely publication of information to promote both its scientific validity and societal value. On the other hand, rapid publication poses a potential threat to the integrity of the information published. Inaccurate or incomplete information arises due to the difficulty in conducting rigorous studies during an ongoing emergency, and the race for the fame and prestige that come with being first. The balance between the potential risks and benefits of rapid publication can be achieved by adhering to the principles of publication ethics that promote the integrity, accuracy and value of scientific literature (1). We highlight ten potential challenges related to scientific publishing and dissemination of information during this pandemic, and the underlying principles of publication ethics that could guide us.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Guias como Assunto , Disseminação de Informação/ética , Pandemias/ética , Editoração/ética , Editoração/normas , Relatório de Pesquisa/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , SARS-CoV-2
14.
Pan Afr Med J ; 38: 293, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1257124

RESUMO

Introduction: following the global COVID-19 outbreak, the government of Benin implemented preventive measures to stall viral transmission. We sought to evaluate adherence of the Beninese people to these preventive measures, in order to identify predictors of poor adherence and adapt the national response to COVID-19. Methods: two consecutive online surveys were conducted between May and August 2020. Four hundred and sixty two and 507 adult participants aged 18 years and above responded to the first and second survey respectively, with >70% being males. Results: more than 98% of respondents reported wearing face masks. A five-point adherence score was constituted by scoring observance to key preventive measures (mask use, physical distancing, hand hygiene, coughing hygiene and avoiding to touch one´s face). We observed that the mean adherence scores were fairly stable over time, respectively 4.08 and 4.03 during the first and second survey (p=0.439). Increasing age (aOR=1.043, 95% CI: 1.026 - 1.061; p<0.001) and obtaining COVID-19 information from official sources (aOR=1.628, 95% CI: 1.275 - 2.081; p<0.001) were significantly associated with higher adherence scores in a multivariable model. Conclusion: these findings suggest that a wide dissemination of adequate information about COVID-19 would increase adherence, and that targeted efforts should be directed towards increasing the compliance to preventive measures among the younger age groups.


Assuntos
COVID-19/prevenção & controle , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Saúde Pública , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Benin/epidemiologia , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Surtos de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Higiene/normas , Disseminação de Informação , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1256511

RESUMO

Background: During the last few decades the prevalence of lumbar disc herniation has been increasing constantly, thereby imposing a significant socioeconomic burden. Physiotherapy plays a crucial role in both surgical and conservative treatment of lumbar disc herniation, consequently the current COVID-19 pandemic with concomitant lockdowns has led to a shortage of physiotherapeutical care. In the light of these recent events publicly available physiotherapy tutorials may be a useful tool to address this problem. Aim: The main aim of this study was to assess the quality of online physiotherapy exercise tutorials for lumbar disc herniation. Materials & Methods: With YouTube being a widely known and used platform we screened 240 of the most viewed videos. A total of 76 videos met the inclusion criteria and were statistically analyzed. The videos were assessed using Global Quality Score, DISCERN Score and JAMA benchmark criteria and in regard to their applicability. Results: They displayed a wide range of views (44,969 to 5,448,717), likes (66 to 155,079) and dislikes (6 to 2339). The videos were assessed using Global Quality Score, DISCERN Score and JAMA benchmark criteria and in regard to their applicability. Neither the number of "Views", "Likes", nor "Dislikes" was found to have a significant association with any of the quality measures used in this study. Conclusion: Overall quality grade was determined as "moderate". Based on the data examined in this study, the use of YouTube videos as a source of therapy advice for lumbar spine disc herniation cannot be recommended universally.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Mídias Sociais , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias , Modalidades de Fisioterapia , SARS-CoV-2 , Gravação em Vídeo
17.
Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis ; 101(2): 115070, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34167045

RESUMO

The novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a novel and exponentially growing disease, and consequently, the accelerated development of knowledge from good data is possible quickly and globally. In order to combat the global pandemic of COVID-19, all humans on earth need to make difficult strategic decisions on three very different scales, all fueled by Analytical and Artificial Intelligence-based predictive Models.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Inteligência Artificial , Atenção à Saúde , Surtos de Doenças , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos
18.
Rom J Ophthalmol ; 65(2): 125-129, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-1285635

RESUMO

Social Media in the COVID-19 pandemic context has become a real dissemination medium of ophthalmology information for both physicians and health care consumers. This trend of sharing information has revealed new and innovative interventions in Ophthalmology such as teleophthalmology on Social Media by providing synchronous and asynchronous consultations, education, and prevention solutions as well as scientific research findings. This paper is a review of the current challenges and limitations faced by ophthalmologists and health care consumers during the COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
COVID-19/epidemiologia , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Oftalmologia/organização & administração , SARS-CoV-2 , Mídias Sociais/organização & administração , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Humanos , Centros de Informação , Satisfação do Paciente , Telemedicina
20.
Psychol Sci ; 32(7): 1169-1178, 2021 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114521

RESUMO

As part of the Systematizing Confidence in Open Research and Evidence (SCORE) program, the present study consisted of a two-stage replication test of a central finding by Pennycook et al. (2020), namely that asking people to think about the accuracy of a single headline improves "truth discernment" of intentions to share news headlines about COVID-19. The first stage of the replication test (n = 701) was unsuccessful (p = .67). After collecting a second round of data (additional n = 882, pooled N = 1,583), we found a small but significant interaction between treatment condition and truth discernment (uncorrected p = .017; treatment: d = 0.14, control: d = 0.10). As in the target study, perceived headline accuracy correlated with treatment impact, so that treatment-group participants were less willing to share headlines that were perceived as less accurate. We discuss potential explanations for these findings and an unreported change in the hypothesis (but not the analysis plan) from the preregistration in the original study.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pensamento , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Intenção , Meios de Comunicação de Massa/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Revelação da Verdade
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