Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 18.012
Filtrar
1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 49923, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1097213

RESUMO

Objetivo: refletir sobre as intervenções/ações de cuidado em saúde mental voltados aos profissionais da saúde que prestam assistência ao paciente suspeito ou diagnosticado com COVID-19. Conteúdo: A pandemia de COVID-19 traz o desafio para profissionais da saúde em lidar com sua própria saúde mental e a dos pacientes. É fundamental conhecer e refletir sobre iniciativas que países apresentam para lidar com a manutenção da saúde mental de profissionais da saúde em tempos de pandemia e que contribuem para repensar o planejamento, execução e avaliação de estratégias a serem utilizadas no Brasil. Considerações finais: foi possível elencar ações em saúde mental que têm se mostrado assertivas no cuidado aos trabalhadores de saúde, atuantes na ponta do cuidado, sobretudo as baseadas no esclarecimento da doença, uso adequado de equipamentos de proteção individual, além do mapeamento daqueles profissionais fragilizados emocionalmente e/ou com sofrimento mental anterior à pandemia, além do suporte emocional oferecido por meio de plataformas digitais.


Objective: to reflect on mental health care interventions/actions aimed at health professionals who provide assistance to patients suspected or diagnosed with COVID-19. Content: The COVID-19 pandemic challenges health professionals to lead with their own and patients' mental health. It is essential to know and to reflect about countries' initiatives to deal with health professional's mental health maintenance in times of pandemic, and to help to re-think strategies planning, execution and evaluation to be used in Brazil. Final considerations: it was possible to list actions in mental health that have shown to be assertive in the care of health workers who are in the front line of caring, especially those based on clarifying the disease, appropriate use of individual protective equipment, in addition to mapping those emotionally weakened professionals and or with mental suffering prior to the pandemic, in addition to the emotional support offered through digital platforms.


Objetivo: reflexionar sobre las intervenciones/acciones de atención de salud mental dirigidas a profesionales de la salud que prestan asistencia a pacientes sospechosos o diagnosticados con COVID-19. Contenido: La pandemia COVID-19 desafía a los profesionales de la salud a hacer frente con la salud mental propia y de los pacientes. Es esencial conocer y reflexionar sobre las iniciativas de los países para enfrentar al mantenimiento de la salud mental de los profesionales de la salud en tiempos de pandemia, y para ayudar a repensar la planificación, ejecución y evaluación de estrategias que se utilizarán en Brasil. Consideraciones finales: fue posible enumerar acciones en salud mental que han demostrado ser asertivas en la atención de los trabajadores de salud que trabajan en la primera línea de atención de la salud, especialmente aquellos basados en la aclaración de la enfermedad, el uso apropiado de equipos de protección individual, además de mapear aquellos profesionales debilitados emocionalmente y / o con sufrimiento mental antes de la pandemia, además del apoyo emocional ofrecido a través de plataformas digitales.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Saúde Mental/normas , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Betacoronavirus , Brasil , Saúde do Trabalhador , Disseminação de Informação , Equipamento de Proteção Individual
3.
Air Med J ; 39(5): 340-342, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012469

RESUMO

In late 2019, a novel coronavirus was identified as the cause of a cluster of atypical pneumonia cases in Wuhan, China. It subsequently spread throughout China and around the world, quickly becoming a public health emergency. In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared coronavirus disease 2019 a pandemic. This article explores the preparation and early experiences of a large Canadian critical care transport program during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic focused on 6 broad strategic objectives centered around staff welfare, regular and transparent communication, networking, evidenced-based approach to personal protective equipment, agile mission planning, and an expedited approach to clinical practice and policy updates and future state modeling.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Disseminação de Informação , Liderança , Pandemias , Transferência de Pacientes/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral , Transporte de Pacientes/organização & administração , Medicina Aeroespacial , Resgate Aéreo , Ambulâncias , Betacoronavirus , Colúmbia Britânica , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Humanos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Resiliência Psicológica
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238414, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32881933

RESUMO

In the face of the rapid evolution of the COVID-19 pandemic, healthcare professionals on the frontline are in urgent need of frequent updates in the accomplishment of their practice. Hence, clinicians started to search for prompt, valid information on sources that are parallel to academic journals. Aim of this work is to investigate the extent of this phenomenon. We administered an anonymous online cross-sectional survey to 645 Italian clinicians. Target of the survey were all medical figures potentially involved in the management of COVID-19 cases. 369 questionnaires were returned. 19.5% (n = 72) of respondents were younger than 30 years-old; 49,3% (n = 182) worked in Infectious Diseases, Internal Medicine or Respiratory Medicine departments, 11.5% (n = 42) in Intensive Care Unit and 7.4% (n = 27) were general practitioner. 70% (n = 261) of respondents reported that their use of social media to seek medical information increased during the pandemic. 39.3% (n = 145) consistently consulted Facebook groups and 53.1% (n = 196) Whatsapp chats. 47% (n = 174) of respondents reported that information shared on social media had a consistent impact on their daily practice. In the present study, we found no difference in social media usage between age groups or medical specialties. Given the urgent need for scientific update during the present pandemic, these findings may help understanding how clinicians access new evidences and implement them in their daily practice.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Troca de Informação em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Disseminação de Informação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Difusão de Inovações , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32961702

RESUMO

This study focuses on stigma communication about COVID-19 on Twitter in the early stage of the outbreak, given the lack of information and rapid global expansion of new cases during this period. Guided by the model of stigma communication, we examine four types of message content, namely mark, group labeling, responsibility, and peril, that are instrumental in forming stigma beliefs and sharing stigma messages. We also explore whether the presence of misinformation and conspiracy theories in COVID-19-related tweets is associated with the presence of COVID-19 stigma content. A total of 155,353 unique COVID-19-related tweets posted between December 31, 2019, and March 13, 2020, were identified, from which 7000 tweets were randomly selected for manual coding. Results showed that the peril of COVID-19 was mentioned the most often, followed by mark, responsibility, and group labeling content. Tweets with conspiracy theories were more likely to include group labeling and responsibility information, but less likely to mention COVID-19 peril. Public health agencies should be aware of the unintentional stigmatization of COVID-19 in public health messages and the urgency to engage and educate the public about the facts of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Saúde Pública/normas , Mídias Sociais , Estigma Social , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Comunicação em Saúde , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
8.
J Law Med ; 27(4): 829-838, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880401

RESUMO

As the rush to understand and find solutions to the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic continues, it is timely to re-examine the legal, social and ethical drivers for sharing health-related data from individuals around the globe. International collaboration and data sharing will be essential to the research effort. This raises the question of whether the urgent imperative to find therapies and vaccines may justify some temporary rebalancing of existing ethical and regulatory standards. The Global Alliance for Genomic Health is playing a leading role in collecting information about national approaches to these challenging questions. In this section, we examine some of the initiatives being taken in Australia against this global backdrop.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Austrália , Betacoronavirus , Humanos
10.
Am Surg ; 86(7): 762-765, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916069

RESUMO

The response of the American College of Surgeons (ACS) to the COVID-19 pandemic was vigorous and effective because it had mature programs in surgical quality and health policy and advocacy, the legacy of decades of work by its officers and leaders and its current executive director, David Hoyt. Hoyt had the foresight to institute a digital communications platform upon which the College collected data for its clinical programs and conducted many of its meetings. Through internet portals, online communities, and social media it broadcasted news and information to the membership. When the global COVID-19 pandemic struck, the College was able to quickly mobilize its leaders and scientific experts to disseminate credible information, recommend protocols to maintain patient and provider safety in operating room environments, provide a rational scheme of prioritization of urgent surgical operations, and a sensible means of resumption of normal surgical practice. As the financial impact of the outbreak on surgical practice became apparent, the ACS represented the interests of surgeons in the White House, Capitol, federal agencies, and governors' mansions and statehouses. In an interview by Steven Wexner, a member of the ACS Board of Regents, Hoyt described the response of the ACS to an unprecedented threat to the surgical care of patients in the country and the world. His story demonstrates the legacy of credibility and professionalism built by decades of principled leadership of generations of officers and Regents of the College, and his own example of effective leadership in crisis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Liderança , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Sociedades Médicas/organização & administração , Cirurgiões/organização & administração , Gestão da Qualidade Total , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/organização & administração , Disseminação de Informação , Masculino , Inovação Organizacional , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Profissionalismo , Estados Unidos
11.
JCO Clin Cancer Inform ; 4: 794-798, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32897736

RESUMO

PURPOSE: COVID-19 is a rapidly emerging worldwide pandemic that has drastically changed health care across the United States. Oncology patients are especially vulnerable. Novel point-of-care resources may be useful to rapidly disseminate peer-reviewed information from oncology experts nationwide. We describe our initial experience with distributing this information through a private, curated, virtual collaboration question-and-answer (Q&A) platform for oncologists. METHODS: The Q&A database was queried for a 2-month period from March 12 to May 12, 2020. We collected the total number of views and unique viewers for the questions. We classified the questions according to their emphasis (practice management, clinical management, both) and disease type across radiation oncology, medical oncology, gynecologic oncology, and pediatric oncology. RESULTS: Seventy-nine questions were approved, 67 of which were answered and generated 49,494 views with 5,148 unique viewers. Most discussions covered clinical management, with breast cancer being the most active disease site. Ten questions covered pediatric oncology and gynecologic oncology. Forty-seven percent of the 11,010 users of the platform visited the website during the 2-month period. CONCLUSION: Discussions on the Q&A platform reached a substantial number of oncologists throughout the nation and may help oncologists to modify their treatment in real time with the rapidly evolving COVID-19 pandemic.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Prova Pericial , Disseminação de Informação , Oncologia , Neoplasias/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Administração da Prática Médica , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Internet , Oncologistas , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito
12.
JMIR Public Health Surveill ; 6(3): e22060, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32930670

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The success of behavioral interventions and policies designed to reduce the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic depends on how well individuals are informed about both the consequences of infection and the steps that should be taken to reduce the impact of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate associations between public knowledge about COVID-19, adherence to social distancing, and public trust in government information sources (eg, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention), private sources (eg, FOX and CNN), and social networks (eg, Facebook and Twitter) to inform future policies related to critical information distribution. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey (N=1243) between April 10 and 14, 2020. Data collection was stratified by US region and other demographics to ensure representativeness of the sample. RESULTS: Government information sources were the most trusted among the public. However, we observed trends in the data that suggested variations in trust by age and gender. White and older populations generally expressed higher trust in government sources, while non-White and younger populations expressed higher trust in private sources (eg, CNN) and social networks (eg, Twitter). Trust in government sources was positively associated with accurate knowledge about COVID-19 and adherence to social distancing. However, trust in private sources (eg, FOX and CNN) was negatively associated with knowledge about COVID-19. Similarly, trust in social networks (eg, Facebook and Twitter) was negatively associated with both knowledge and adherence to social distancing. CONCLUSIONS: During pandemics such as the COVID-19 outbreak, policy makers should carefully consider the quality of information disseminated through private sources and social networks. Furthermore, when disseminating urgent health information, a variety of information sources should be used to ensure that diverse populations have timely access to critical knowledge.


Assuntos
Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Isolamento Social , Confiança , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Governo , Humanos , Masculino , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Distância Social , Mídias Sociais , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32987914

RESUMO

Italy was the first European country to be affected by COVID-19, facing an unprecedented situation. The reaction required drastic solutions and highly restrictive measures, which severely tested the trust of the Italian people. Nevertheless, the effectiveness of the introduced measures was not only linked to political decisions, but also to the choice of the Italian people to trust and rely on institutions, accepting such necessary measures. In this context, the role of information sources was fundamental, since they strongly influence public opinion. The central focus of this research was to assess the information seeking behavior (ISB) of the Italian citizens, to understand how they related to information and how their specific use of information influenced public opinion. By making use of a survey addressed to 4260 Italian citizens, we identified extraordinarily virtuous behavior in the population: people strongly modified their ISB in order to address the most reliable sources. In particular, we found a very high reliance on scientists, which is particularly striking, if compared to the past. Moreover, starting from the survey results, we used social simulation to estimate the evolution of public opinion. Comparing the ISB during and before COVID-19, we discovered that the shift in the ISB, during the pandemic, may have actually positively influenced public opinion, facilitating the acceptance of the costly restrictions introduced.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Opinião Pública , Betacoronavirus , Europa (Continente) , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Itália
14.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 274: 139-158, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990671

RESUMO

Recent decades made a change in health care by putting health information as a core asset for effective management and improved quality of care. That is a reason why applications of information technology in health and healthcare attract more attention by healthcare organisations with highly skilled health information management professionals having an active role in the effective maintenance of organized and accurate electronic healthcare data. Also, widely adopted standards and principles of healthcare information governance are essential in efforts to reach a compromise of shared data, information and knowledge in the interoperable, electronic healthcare information sharing environment.


Assuntos
Gestão da Informação em Saúde , Tecnologia da Informação , Assistência à Saúde , Disseminação de Informação , Gestão da Informação
15.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 108(2): 491-495, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890542

RESUMO

The speed at which the COVID-19 pandemic spread across the globe and the accompanying need to rapidly disseminate knowledge have highlighted the inadequacies of the traditional research/publication cycle, particularly the slowness and the fragmentary access globally to manuscripts and their findings. Scholarly communication has slowly been undergoing transformational changes since the introduction of the Internet in the 1990s. The pandemic response has created an urgency that has accelerated these trends in some areas. The magnitude of the global emergency has strongly bolstered calls to make the entire research and publishing lifecycle transparent and open. The global scientific community has collaborated in rapid, open, and transparent means that are unprecedented. The general public has been reminded of the important of science, and trusted communication of scientific findings, in everyday life. In addition to COVID-19-driven innovation in scholarly communication, alternative bibliometrics and artificial intelligence tools will further transform academic publishing in the near future.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Comunicação Acadêmica , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Pandemias , Radioterapia (Especialidade)
17.
J Am Board Fam Med ; 33(5): 774-778, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989072

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Primary care practice-based research networks (PBRNs) are critical laboratories for generating evidence from real-world settings, including studying natural experiments. Primary care's response to the novel coronavirus-19 (COVID-19) pandemic is arguably the most impactful natural experiment in our lifetime. EVALUATING THE IMPACT OF COVID-19: We briefly describe the OCHIN PBRN of community health centers (CHCs), its partnership with implementation scientists, and how we are leveraging this infrastructure and expertise to create a rapid research response evaluating how CHCs across the country responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. COVID-19 RESEARCH ROADMAP: Our research agenda focuses on asking: How has care delivery in CHCs changed due to COVID-19? What impact has COVID-19 had on the delivery of preventive services in CHCs? Which PBRN services (e.g., data surveillance, training, evidence synthesis) are most impactful to real-world practices? What decision-making strategies were used in the PBRN and its practices to make real-time changes in response to the pandemic? What critical factors in successfully and sustainably transforming primary care are illuminated by pandemic-driven changes? DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: PBRNs enable real-world evaluation of practice change and natural experiments, and thus are ideal laboratories for implementation science research. We present a real-time example of how a PBRN Implementation Laboratory activated a response to study a historic natural experiment, to help other PBRNs charting a course through this pandemic.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Centros Comunitários de Saúde/tendências , Redes Comunitárias/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Centros Comunitários de Saúde/organização & administração , Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/métodos , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Ciência da Implementação , Disseminação de Informação , Inovação Organizacional , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Projetos de Pesquisa , Participação dos Interessados , Estados Unidos
18.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239441, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32976519

RESUMO

The study aims to understand Twitter users' discourse and psychological reactions to COVID-19. We use machine learning techniques to analyze about 1.9 million Tweets (written in English) related to coronavirus collected from January 23 to March 7, 2020. A total of salient 11 topics are identified and then categorized into ten themes, including "updates about confirmed cases," "COVID-19 related death," "cases outside China (worldwide)," "COVID-19 outbreak in South Korea," "early signs of the outbreak in New York," "Diamond Princess cruise," "economic impact," "Preventive measures," "authorities," and "supply chain." Results do not reveal treatments and symptoms related messages as prevalent topics on Twitter. Sentiment analysis shows that fear for the unknown nature of the coronavirus is dominant in all topics. Implications and limitations of the study are also discussed.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/classificação , Betacoronavirus , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Medo/psicologia , Humanos , Disseminação de Informação , Aprendizado de Máquina , Pandemias
19.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238491, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32936804

RESUMO

As the most visible face of health expertise to the general public, health agencies have played a central role in alerting the public to the emerging COVID-19 threat, providing guidance for protective action, motivating compliance with health directives, and combating misinformation. Social media platforms such as Twitter have been a critical tool in this process, providing a communication channel that allows both rapid dissemination of messages to the public at large and individual-level engagement. Message dissemination and amplification is a necessary precursor to reaching audiences, both online and off, as well as inspiring action. Therefore, it is valuable for organizational risk communication to identify strategies and practices that may lead to increased message passing among online users. In this research, we examine message features shown in prior disasters to increase or decrease message retransmission under imminent threat conditions to develop models of official risk communicators' messages shared online from February 1, 2020-April 30, 2020. We develop a lexicon of keywords associated with risk communication about the pandemic response, then use automated coding to identify message content and message structural features. We conduct chi-square analyses and negative binomial regression modeling to identify the strategies used by official risk communicators that respectively increase and decrease message retransmission. Findings show systematic changes in message strategies over time and identify key features that affect message passing, both positively and negatively. These results have the potential to aid in message design strategies as the pandemic continues, or in similar future events.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Doenças Transmissíveis Emergentes , Comunicação , Infecções por Coronavirus , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Mídias Sociais , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Emergências , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/organização & administração , Órgãos Governamentais , Humanos , Internet , Meios de Comunicação de Massa , Modelos Estatísticos , Modelos Teóricos , Administração em Saúde Pública , Gestão da Segurança , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA