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1.
J Prev Med Public Health ; 54(1): 46-54, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33618499

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study explored the relationship between shift intensity and insomnia among hospital nurses. METHODS: The participants were 386 female hospital nurses who underwent a special health examination for night workers in 2015. The Korean Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), indices of shift work intensity, and other covariates such as amount of exercise, level of alcohol consumption, employment duration, and hours worked were extracted from the health examination data. The indices for shift intensity were (1) number of 3 consecutive night shifts and (2) number of short recovery periods after a previous shift, both assessed over the prior 3 months. Multiple logistic regression analysis adjusted for the aforementioned covariates was performed to evaluate the association of shift intensity with insomnia, defined as an ISI score of ≥8. RESULTS: The nurses with insomnia tended to be younger (p=0.029), to have worked 3 consecutive night shifts more frequently (p<0.001), to have experienced a greater number of short recovery periods after the previous shift (p=0.021), and to have worked for more hours (p=0.006) than the nurses without insomnia. Among the other variables, no statistically significant differences between groups were observed. Experiences of 3 or more consecutive night shifts (odds ratio [OR], 2.33; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.29 to 4.20) and 3 or more short recovery periods (OR, 2.01; 95% CI, 1.08 to 3.73) were associated with increased odds of insomnia. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that decreasing the shift intensity may reduce insomnia among hospital nurses working rotating shifts.


Assuntos
Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Carga de Trabalho/normas , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Razão de Chances , República da Coreia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/normas , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia
2.
Transl Psychiatry ; 11(1): 133, 2021 02 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602920

RESUMO

We conducted a multicentre cross-sectional survey of COVID-19 patients to evaluate the acute psychological impact on the patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) during isolation treatment based on online questionnaires from 2 February to 5 March 2020. A total of 460 COVID-19 patients from 13 medical centers in Hubei province were investigated for their mental health status using online questionnaires (including Patient Health Questionnaire-9, Generalized Anxiety Disorder-7, Patient Health Questionnaire-15, and Insomnia Severity Index scales). Among all 460 COVID-19 patients, 187 (40.65%) of them were healthcare workers (HCWs). 297 (64.57%) of them were females. The most common psychological problems were somatization symptoms (66.09%, n = 304), followed by depression (53.48%, n = 246), anxiety (46.30%, n = 213), problems of insomnia (42.01%, n = 171), and then self-mutilating or suicidal thoughts (23.26%, n = 107). Of all the patients, 15.65% (n = 72) had severe somatization symptoms, and 2.83% (n = 13) had severe (almost every day) self-mutilating or suicidal thoughts. The most common psychological problems for HCWs were somatization symptoms (67.84%, n = 125), followed by depression (51.87%, n = 97), anxiety (44.92%, n = 84), problems of insomnia (36.18%, n = 55), and then self-mutilating or suicidal thoughts (20.86%, n = 39). Patients with lower education levels were found to be associated with higher incidence of self-mutilating or suicidal thoughts (odds ratio [OR], 2.68, 95% confidence interval [95% CI], 1.66-4.33 [P < 0.001]). Patients with abnormal body temperature were found to be associated with higher incidence of self-mutilating or suicidal thoughts (OR, 3.97, 95% CI, 2.07-7.63 [P < 0.001]), somatic symptoms (OR, 2.06, 95% CI, 1.20-3.55 [P = 0.009]) and insomnia (OR, 1.66, 95% CI, 1.04-2.65 [P = 0.033]). Those with suspected infected family members displayed a higher prevalence of anxiety than those without infected family members (OR, 1.61, 95% CI, 1.1-2.37 [P = 0.015]). Patients at the age of 18-44 years old had fewer somatic symptoms than those aged over 45 years old (OR, 1.91, 95% CI, 1.3-2.81 [P = 0.001]). In conclusion, COVID-19 patients tended to have a high prevalence of adverse psychological events. Early identification and intervention should be conducted to avoid extreme events such as self-mutilating or suicidal impulsivity for COVID-19 patients, especially for those with low education levels and females who have undergone divorce or bereavement.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos Somatoformes/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ideação Suicida , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 30: e20, 2021 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33583474

RESUMO

AIMS: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic represents an unprecedented threat to mental health. Herein, we assessed the impact of COVID-19 on subthreshold depressive symptoms and identified potential mitigating factors. METHODS: Participants were from Depression Cohort in China (ChiCTR registry number 1900022145). Adults (n = 1722) with subthreshold depressive symptoms were enrolled between March and October 2019 in a 6-month, community-based interventional study that aimed to prevent clinical depression using psychoeducation. A total of 1506 participants completed the study in Shenzhen, China: 726 participants, who completed the study between March 2019 and January 2020 (i.e. before COVID-19), comprised the 'wave 1' group; 780 participants, who were enrolled before COVID-19 and completed the 6-month endpoint assessment during COVID-19, comprised 'wave 2'. Symptoms of depression, anxiety and insomnia were assessed at baseline and endpoint (i.e. 6-month follow-up) using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), Generalised Anxiety Disorder-7 (GAD-7) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), respectively. Measures of resilience and regular exercise were assessed at baseline. We compared the mental health outcomes between wave 1 and wave 2 groups. We additionally investigated how mental health outcomes changed across disparate stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in China, i.e. peak (7-13 February), post-peak (14-27 February), remission plateau (28 February-present). RESULTS: COVID-19 increased the risk for three mental outcomes: (1) depression (odds ratio [OR] = 1.30, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.04-1.62); (2) anxiety (OR = 1.47, 95% CI: 1.16-1.88) and (3) insomnia (OR = 1.37, 95% CI: 1.07-1.77). The highest proportion of probable depression and anxiety was observed post-peak, with 52.9% and 41.4%, respectively. Greater baseline resilience scores had a protective effect on the three main outcomes (depression: OR = 0.26, 95% CI: 0.19-0.37; anxiety: OR = 1.22, 95% CI: 0.14-0.33 and insomnia: OR = 0.18, 95% CI: 0.11-0.28). Furthermore, regular physical activity mitigated the risk for depression (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.79-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: The COVID-19 pandemic exerted a highly significant and negative impact on symptoms of depression, anxiety and insomnia. Mental health outcomes fluctuated as a function of the duration of the pandemic and were alleviated to some extent with the observed decline in community-based transmission. Augmenting resiliency and regular exercise provide an opportunity to mitigate the risk for mental health symptoms during this severe public health crisis.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia
4.
Psychopharmacology (Berl) ; 238(3): 867-876, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33433644

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Previous research suggests that sleep polysomnography and EEG endpoints can be used to assess GABAergic activity; however, the impact of GABAB receptor positive allosteric modulators on sleep endpoints remains unclear. OBJECTIVES: This phase 1 study compared a single dose of ASP8062 (35 mg or 70 mg), a GABAB receptor positive allosteric modulator, with placebo and paroxetine (40 mg). METHODS: Healthy adult volunteers were randomized to four treatments (35 mg ASP8062, 70 mg ASP8062, paroxetine 40 mg, or matching placebo), each separated by a 14-day washout. Primary endpoints obtained by polysomnography were time in stage N3 or SWS and time in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep. Secondary endpoints included impact on sleep stages and electroencephalography parameters, pharmacokinetics, nighttime growth hormone (GH), and safety/tolerability. RESULTS: In 20 randomized volunteers, ASP8062 led to a significant and seemingly dose-dependent increase in SWS over the entire night; this increase was mainly observed during the first third of the night. ASP8062 did not impact time in REM sleep. Paroxetine had no effect on SWS but produced a significant reduction in time spent in REM sleep. A dose-dependent trend in increased GH release was also observed with ASP8062. Headache and nausea were the most commonly reported treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) for ASP8062; most TEAEs were mild in severity. CONCLUSIONS: Single-dose ASP8062 (35 and 70 mg) appeared to result in CNS penetration and enhanced GABAergic activity as measured by increases in slow-wave sleep and growth hormone release.


Assuntos
Moduladores GABAérgicos/uso terapêutico , Morfolinas/uso terapêutico , Polissonografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Receptores de GABA-B/metabolismo , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/tratamento farmacológico , Sono REM/efeitos dos fármacos , Sono de Ondas Lentas/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Eletroencefalografia/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Moduladores GABAérgicos/administração & dosagem , Moduladores GABAérgicos/efeitos adversos , Moduladores GABAérgicos/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morfolinas/administração & dosagem , Morfolinas/efeitos adversos , Morfolinas/farmacocinética , Paroxetina/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/administração & dosagem , Pirimidinas/efeitos adversos , Pirimidinas/farmacocinética , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia
5.
Sleep Med ; 78: 51-56, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33385779

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Uncertainty due to the COVID-19 pandemic may result in problematic sleep that can lead to negative effects on overall health. This unprecedented and stressful time can be even more detrimental for young adults with pre-existing mental health conditions. The purpose of this study is to investigate potential risk factors (i.e., current mental health symptoms, and COVID-19-related grief and worry) on sleep quality of U.S. young adults during the initial months of the global pandemic. METHOD: This cross-sectional study examined 908 young adults in the weeks following the declaration of the coronavirus pandemic as a national emergency by the United States. A series of hierarchical multiple regression analyses examined depression, anxiety, and PTSD, as well as COVID-19-related grief and worry as predictors of young adults' sleep quality. RESULTS: Young adults experienced high rates of sleep problems during the first two months (April to May 2020) of the pandemic. Depressive and anxiety symptoms appear to be predictors of sleep quality regardless of any pre-existing diagnosis. Furthermore, high levels of PTSD symptoms and COVID-19-related worry were associated with young adults' poor sleep. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings point to possible psychological factors that uniquely explain young adults' poor sleep quality during the COVID-19 pandemic in the U.S. This study shed new light on how the COVID-19 pandemic might affect the sleep behaviors of young adults without a pre-existing mental health diagnosis. Implications for supporting young adults sleep and well-being during the pandemic are addressed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Sleep Med ; 78: 115-119, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33422813

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic and the accompanying lockdown measures have had a major impact on societies around the world, leading to sleep problems for a large part of the population. In order to assess the sustainability of sleeping troubles related to the sanitary crisis, it was crucial to measure its prevalence after the end of the Covid-19 confinement. METHODS: As part of an epidemiological survey on Covid and Confinement (COCONEL), we enquired on sleep disorders using two items in 4 repetitive cross-sectional surveys. The first took place during the first week of the French confinement (March 31 to April 2; N = 1005 participants). The second took place in the middle of this period (April 15-17; N = 1005). The two last surveys were held at the end of the confinement (May 7-10; N = 2003) and one month after the end (June 10-12; N = 1736). Using a random constant, the mixed model took into account the longitudinal character of the last two waves (intra-individual correlations for individuals surveyed in waves 3 and 4). RESULTS: The prevalence of sleep problems significantly decreased during the last weeks of the confinement, and this trend was confirmed one month after the end of confinement. One quarter of the population reported that their sleep was better one month after the end of the confinement. Sleep improvement was reported more often by women and people aged less than 65. Such improvement was less frequent among those who were still highly exposed to the pandemic's media coverage after the end of the confinement. CONCLUSION: The possibility of recovering a good sleep largely depends on the type of sleep disorder. The decrease in sleep problems occurred mainly among people with mild sleep problems during the confinement. Further research is needed to assess the long-term effects of the Covid-19 pandemic and its confinement period on sleep quality in the general population.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Isolamento de Pacientes/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Quarentena/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/prevenção & controle
7.
Curr Oncol ; 28(1): 294-300, 2021 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33430131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is a highly stressful event that may lead to significant psychological symptoms, particularly in cancer patients who are at a greater risk of contracting viruses. This study examined the frequency of stressors experienced in relation to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic and its relationship with psychological symptoms (i.e., anxiety, depression, insomnia, fear of cancer recurrence) in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Thirty-six women diagnosed with a non-metastatic breast cancer completed the Insomnia Severity Index, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, the severity subscale of the Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory, and the COVID-19 Stressors Questionnaire developed by our research team. Participants either completed the questionnaires during (30.6%) or after (69.4%) their chemotherapy treatment. RESULTS: Results revealed that most of the participants (63.9%) have experienced at least one stressor related to the COVID-19 pandemic (one: 27.8%, two: 22.2%, three: 11.1%). The most frequently reported stressor was increased responsibilities at home (33.3%). Higher levels of concerns related to the experienced stressors were significantly correlated with higher levels of anxiety, depressive symptoms, insomnia, and fear of cancer recurrence, rs(32) = 0.36 to 0.59, all ps < 0.05. CONCLUSIONS: Cancer patients experience a significant number of stressors related to the COVID-19 pandemic, which are associated with increased psychological symptoms. These results contribute to a better understanding of the psychological consequences of a global pandemic in the context of cancer and they highlight the need to better support patients during such a challenging time.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Pandemias , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , /psicologia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/psicologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485962

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The sudden novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has created a negative effect on the mental health of the public. In this study, in relation to the pandemic, psychological distress, sleep quality and affecting factors in adults were examined. METHODS: Using the convenience sampling method, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and questionnaires to determine psychological distress levels and sociodemographic characteristics were distributed online to 405 participants. RESULTS: The mean psychological distress score of the participants was 34.55 ± 8.07, while their mean sleep quality score was 6.39 ± 3.31. The prevalence of poor sleep quality was 55.1%. The psychological distress scores were higher among the men than the women, married participants than single ones, those with children than those without children and those who were employed than those who were not. The sleep quality of the single participants and the participants with low education levels was poorer. The sleep quality of those who left work in the pandemic period was poorer than those who were working from home/office and those who were already not employed before the pandemic. The sleep quality of those not working in the field of health was better than healthcare professionals and those not working at all. The scores for psychological distress were positively correlated with gender and negatively correlated with sleep quality levels. CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that the COVID-19 pandemic had a negative effect on the psychological distress and sleep quality of adults. It is recommended for healthcare professionals to take the necessary psychosocial precautions.


Assuntos
/psicologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Pandemias , Angústia Psicológica , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Turquia/epidemiologia
9.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-196721

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Mental health problems are common among adolescents and greatly influenced by stressful events. This study sought to assess the prevalence and correlates of insomnia, depressive and anxiety symptoms among Chinese adolescents during the COVID-19. METHOD: Cross-sectional study (N = 1794 adolescents, mean age = 15.26) was conducted in May 2020. An online survey was used to collect socio-demographic data, COVID-related fear (COVID-fear), nutrition, physical activity (PA) level and the symptoms of insomnia, depression and anxiety. RESULTS: The prevalence of insomnia, depressive and anxiety symptoms was 37.80%, 48.20% and 36.70%, respectively, among Chinese adolescents during the pandemic. Generalized linear models revealed that female, left behind children, and students with greater COVID-fear tended to report symptoms of insomnia, depression and anxiety concurrently. After adjusting for socio-demographic factors and COVID-fear, better nutritional status and moderately active PA were both associated with lower levels of depressive and anxiety symptoms, while highly active PA was associated with lower levels of insomnia, depressive and anxiety symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that more attention should be paid to psychological health among adolescents while combating COVID-19. To promote adolescents' mental health, educators should help adolescents develop a healthy lifestyle with balanced diet and regular exercise


ANTECEDENTES/OBJETIVO: Los problemas de salud mental son comunes en adolescentes y están influenciados por eventos estresantes. Se evaluó prevalencia y correlatos de síntomas de insomnio, depresión y ansiedad en adolescentes chinos durante el COVID-19. MÉTODO: En mayo de 2020 se realizó un estudio transversal (N = 1.794 adolescentes, edad media = 1526) mediante una encuesta en línea para recopilar datos sociodemográficos, miedo relacionado con COVID-19, nutrición, actividad física (AF) y síntomas de insomnio, depresión y ansiedad. RESULTADOS: La prevalencia de síntomas de insomnio, depresión y ansiedad fue del 3780%, 4820% y 3670%, respectivamente. Modelos lineales generalizados revelaron que mujeres, niños abandonados y estudiantes con más miedo al COVID-19 tendían a informar síntomas de insomnio, depresión y ansiedad simultaneamente. Después de ajustar los factores sociodemográficos y el miedo al COVID-19, mejor estado nutricional y AF moderadamente activa se asociaron con niveles más bajos de síntomas de depresión y ansiedad, mientras que AF muy activa se asoció con niveles más bajos de insomnio, síntomas depresivos y de ansiedad. CONCLUSIONES. Se debe prestar más atención a la salud psicológica de los adolescentes mientras se combate el COVID-19. Para promover su salud mental, los educadores deben ayudarles a desarrollar un estilo de vida saludable con una dieta equilibrada y ejercicio regular


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Prevalência , Estado Nutricional , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Exercício Físico , Estudos Transversais , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , China/epidemiologia
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777327

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health professionals are key personnel to containing infectious diseases like COVID-19. In the face of long work shifts (that reach 16 h per day on average), the risk of getting infected by a high-infectious disease and the lack of enough biological protection measures, mental suffering among health professionals suddenly became evident. METHOD: We carried out an updated meta-analysis to investigate the psychiatric impacts on health professionals in the face of the physical and psychological conditions to which they are subjected due to the high demands of the COVID-19 pandemic. Papers were researched in four databases from December 2019 to April 2020. In total, eight papers were included in the study. RESULTS: Health professionals working to fight COVID-19 are being more severely affected by psychiatric disorders associated with depression, anxiety, distress and insomnia, stress, and indirect traumatization than other occupational groups. No significant differences were observed in the publication bias. CONCLUSION: There is a strong association between health professionals and COVID-19 in terms of psychiatric repercussions. Our meta-analysis showed that health professionals have a higher level of indirect traumatization, in which the level of damage exceeds psychological and emotional tolerance and indirectly results in psychological abnormalities. The incidence of obsessive-compulsive traces and somatizations was higher in situations involving front-line professionals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Ansiedade/etiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Angústia Psicológica , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
11.
Sleep Med ; 77: 112-119, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33348298

RESUMO

Italy and Belgium have been among the first western countries to face the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emergency, imposing a total lockdown over the entire national territories. These limitations have proven effective in slowing down the spread of the infection. However, the benefits obtained in public health have come with huge costs in terms of social, economic, and psychological well-being. In the current study, we aimed to investigate how the period of home confinement affected self-reported sleep characteristics in Italians and Belgians, with special regard to sleep timing and subjective quality. Using an online survey we collected data from 2272 participants, 1622 Italians (Mage = 34.1 ± 13.6 years, 1171 F), and 650 Belgian (Mage = 43.0 ± 16.8 years, 509 F). Participants reported their sleep pattern (eg, bedtime, risetime) and perceived sleep quality during and, retrospectively, before the lockdown. During the lockdown, sleep timing was significantly delayed, time spent in bed increased, and sleep quality was markedly impaired in both Italians and Belgians. The most vulnerable individuals appeared to be women, subjects experiencing a more negative mood, and those perceiving the pandemic situation as highly stressful. However, the two samples differed in the subgroups most affected by the changes, possibly because of the different welfare systems of the two countries. In fact, in the Italian sample sleep quality and timing underwent significant modifications especially in unemployed participants, whereas in the Belgian sample this category was the one who suffered less from the restrictions. Considering that the novel coronavirus has spread across the whole globe, involving countries with different types of health and welfare systems, understanding which policy measures have the most effective protective role on physical and mental health is of primary importance.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto , Bélgica , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Autorrelato , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicina (Kaunas) ; 56(12)2020 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33317190

RESUMO

Background and Objectives: The population has been overwhelmed with false information related to the Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) crisis, spreading rapidly through social media and other channels. We aimed to investigate if frontline healthcare workers affected by infodemia show different psychological consequences than frontline clinicians who do not declare to be affected by false news related to the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: One hundred twenty-six frontline healthcare workers from the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and Emergency Departments in Romania completed a survey to assess stress, depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders, between March and April 2020. We split the sample of frontline healthcare workers into two groups based on the self-evaluated criteria: if they were or were not affected by infodemia in their activity. Results: Considering limitations such as the cross-sectional design, the lack of causality relationship, and the sample size, the results show that, the frontline medical workers who declared to be affected by false news were significantly more stressed, felt more anxiety, and suffered more from insomnia than healthcare workers who are not affected by false information related to pandemic time. Conclusions: The infodemia has significant psychological consequences such as stress, anxiety, and insomnia on already overwhelmed doctors and nurses in the outbreak of the COVID-19 crisis. These findings suggest that medical misinformation's psychological implications must be considered when different interventions regarding frontline healthcare workers during the COVID-19 pandemic are implemented.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Decepção , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Romênia/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23807, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371157

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic insomnia (CI) can lead to cognitive dysfunction and bring great pain to patients' life. There is no effective intervention for cognitive dysfunction caused by CI. Shenmen (HT7) is the first choice for insomnia treatment. However, the effect and mechanism of this acupoint on cognitive function after insomnia is not clear. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore whether magnetic stimulation of HT7 can improve cognitive impairment of CI by regulating prefrontal lobe and its mechanism. METHODS/DESIGN: This is a randomized controlled clinical trial. Seventy-two subjects aged 18 to 65 years old with primary insomnia and more than 3 months were randomly divided into 2 groups according to the ratio of 1:1, and 36 healthy controls were included. The control group was given sleep hygiene and cognitive therapy in behavioral cognitive therapy technology, while the experimental group was given the behavioral cognitive therapy technology intervention and magnetic stimulation of HT7 acupoint for 30 times (2 times / d, 5 times / wk for 20 days), while the healthy control group had no intervention measures. Before treatment and 20 days after treatment, we evaluated the working memory (1-back test), episodic memory (Complex Figure Test), and problem-solving ability (Hanoi tower test) processed by prefrontal lobe to explore the effect of magnetic stimulation on cognitive function of CI and its possible mechanism. At the same time, insomnia severity index was used to evaluate sleep state, Becker depression scale was used to evaluate depression, and Beck anxiety scale was used to evaluate anxiety. Chi-squared test or rank sum test was used to collect the data of patients. If P value is less than or equal to .05, the difference will be considered statistically significant. CONCLUSION: This study explored the effect and mechanism of magnetic stimulation of Shenmen (HT7) on cognitive function of CI, and confirmed that magnetic stimulation of HT7 can be used as an alternative therapy to improve cognitive impairment of CI. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ChiCTR2000034280.


Assuntos
Cognição/fisiologia , Terapia de Campo Magnético/normas , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Terapia de Campo Magnético/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMJ Open ; 10(12): e041995, 2020 12 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371040

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Jordan, a Middle Eastern country, declared a state of national emergency due to COVID-19 and a strict nationwide lockdown on 17 March 2020, banning all travel and movement around the country, potentially impacting mental health. This study sought to investigate the association between mental health (eg, anxiety and depressive symptoms) and sleep health among a sample of Jordanians living through a state of COVID-19-induced nationwide lockdown. METHODS: Using Facebook, participants (n=1240) in Jordan in March 2020 were recruited and direct to a web-based survey measuring anxiety (items from General Anxiety Disorder 7-item (GAD-7) scale instrument), depressive symptoms (items from Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), sleep health (items from the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and sociodemographic. A modified Poisson regression model with robust error variance. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) and 95% CIs were estimated to examine how anxiety and depressive symptoms may affect different dimensions of sleep health: (1) poor sleep quality, (2) short sleep duration, (3) encountering sleep problems. RESULTS: The majority of participants reported having experienced mild (33.8%), moderate (12.9%) or severe (6.3%) levels of anxiety during lockdown, and nearly half of respondents reported depressive symptoms during lockdown. Similarly, over 60% of participants reported having experienced at least one sleep problem in the last week, and nearly half reported having had short sleep duration. Importantly, anxiety was associated with poor sleep health outcomes. For example, corresponding to the dose-response relationship between anxiety and sleep health outcomes, those reporting severe anxiety were the most likely to experience poor sleep quality (aPR =8.95; 95% CI=6.12 to 13.08), short sleep duration (aPR =2.23; 95% CI=1.91 to 2.61) and at least one problem sleep problem (aPR=1.73; 95% CI=1.54 to 1.95). Moreover, depressive symptoms were also associated with poor sleep health outcomes. As compared with scoring in the first quartile, scoring fourth quartile was associated with poor sleep quality (aPR=11.82; 95% CI=6.64 to 21.04), short sleep duration (aPR=1.87; 95% CI=1.58 to 2.22), and experiencing at least one sleep problem (aPR=1.90; 95% CI=1.66 to 2.18). CONCLUSIONS: Increased levels of anxiety and depressive symptoms can negatively influence sleep health among a sample of Jordanian adults living in a state of COVID-19-induced nationwide lockdown.


Assuntos
Ansiedade , Depressão , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/complicações , Ansiedade/diagnóstico , /prevenção & controle , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/métodos , Depressão/complicações , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Saúde Mental/tendências , Redes Sociais Online , Prevalência , Técnicas Psicológicas , Higiene do Sono , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Chron Respir Dis ; 17: 1479973120962800, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33000648

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID pandemic has had a high psychological impact on healthy populations. Increased levels of perceived stress, depression, and insomnia are expected, especially in people with pre-existing medical conditions, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), who seem to be particularly vulnerable. However, the difference in psychological distress frequency between asthma and COPD patients is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To compare the prevalence of depression, perceived stress related to COVID, post-traumatic stress, and insomnia in asthma and COPD patients at a pulmonology clinic in Santa Marta, Colombia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was designed. The patients were contacted by telephone. An electronic link was sent to those who accepted. The questionnaire asked for perceived stress related to COVID-19, post-traumatic stress symptoms, depressive symptoms, and insomnia risk. RESULTS: 148 asthma patients and 144 COPD patients participated in, between 18 and 96 years. The prevalence of high COVID-19 perceived stress was 10.6% (n = 31); post-traumatic stress risk, 11.3% (n = 33); depression risk, 31.5% (n = 92); and insomnia risk, 57.7% (n = 169). No significant differences were found between asthma and COPD in indicators of psychological distress. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma and COPD patients present similar frequencies of depression risk, COVID-19 perceived stress, post-traumatic stress risk, and insomnia risk during the Colombian lockdown. It is essential to evaluate and manage psychological distress among asthma and COPD patients. It can reduce the risk of exacerbation and improve the quality of life.


Assuntos
Asma , Infecções por Coronavirus , Depressão , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos , Asma/epidemiologia , Asma/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Colômbia/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Autoavaliação Diagnóstica , Feminino , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Angústia Psicológica , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/psicologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Autoimagem , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/diagnóstico , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/diagnóstico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/etiologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia
17.
Neurology ; 95(19): e2605-e2609, 2020 11 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004606

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Asylum seekers experience a high burden of physical and psychological trauma, yet there is a scarcity of literature regarding the epidemiology and sequelae of head injury (HI) in asylum seekers. We examined HI prevalence and association with neuropsychiatric comorbidities in asylum seekers. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study was performed through review of 139 medical affidavits from an affidavit database. Affidavits written from 2010 to 2018 were included. Demographic and case-related data were collected and classified based on the presence of HI. For neuropsychiatric sequelae, the primary study outcome was headache and the secondary outcomes were depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, and anxiety. Multivariable logistic regression was performed to examine the association between HI and neuropsychiatric sequelae, adjusted for demographic and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 139 medical affidavits of asylum seekers were included. The mean age was 27.4 ± 12.1 years, 56.8% were female, and 38.8% were <19 years. Almost half (42.5%) explicitly self-reported history of HI. Compared to clients who did not report HI, clients with HI were older and more likely to report a history of headache, physical abuse, physical trauma, concussion, and loss of consciousness. After adjustment for demographic and clinical characteristics, clients with HI had greater odds for neuropsychological sequelae such as headache (odds ratio [OR] 4.2, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.0-8.7) and depression (OR 2.5, 95% CI 1.1-5.7). CONCLUSIONS: We observed a high prevalence of HI in asylum seekers. Comprehensive screening for HI and neuropsychiatric comorbidities is encouraged when evaluating asylum seekers.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Cefaleia/epidemiologia , Refugiados/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia , Violência/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Concussão Encefálica/epidemiologia , Concussão Encefálica/psicologia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/psicologia , El Salvador/etnologia , Feminino , Guatemala/etnologia , Haiti/etnologia , Cefaleia/psicologia , Honduras/etnologia , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/epidemiologia , Transtornos da Memória/psicologia , México/etnologia , Nicarágua/etnologia , Razão de Chances , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Prevalência , Trauma Psicológico/epidemiologia , Trauma Psicológico/psicologia , Refugiados/psicologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Distribuição por Sexo , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Inconsciência/epidemiologia , Inconsciência/psicologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32916836

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Since December 2019, China has been affected by a severe outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). Frontline medical workers experienced difficulty due to the high risk of being infected and long and distressing work shifts. The current study aims to evaluate psychological symptoms in frontline medical workers during the COVID-19 epidemic in China and to perform a comparison with the general population. METHODS: An online survey was conducted from 14 February 2020 to 29 March 2020. A total of 899 frontline medical workers and 1104 respondents in the general population participated. Depression, anxiety, insomnia, and resilience were assessed via the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), and abbreviated Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC-10), respectively. RESULTS: Overall, 30.43%, 20.29%, and 14.49% of frontline medical workers in Hubei Province and 23.13%, 13.14%, and 10.64% of frontline medical workers in other regions reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, and insomnia, respectively. In addition, 23.33%, 16.67%, and 6.67% of the general population in Hubei Province and 18.25%, 9.22%, and 7.17% of the general population in other regions reported symptoms of depression, anxiety, and insomnia, respectively. The resilience of frontline medical staff outside Hubei Province was higher than that of the general population outside Hubei Province. CONCLUSION: A large proportion of frontline medical workers and the general public experienced psychological symptoms during the COVID-19 outbreak. Psychological services for frontline medical workers and the general public are needed.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/etiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Coronavirus , Depressão/etiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Psychiatry Res ; 293: 113452, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32977047

RESUMO

The aim of the present study was to examine the role of perceived social support pertaining to a range of psychological health outcomes amongst individuals undergoing social isolation and social distancing during COVID-19. A total of 2,020 participants provided responses to an online cross-sectional survey comprised of validated instruments including the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), the Generalized Anxiety Disorder Scale (GAD-7), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9), the Brief Irritability Test (BITe) and the UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS). Individuals experiencing self-isolation had significantly higher rates of depression, irritability and loneliness compared to those who were not. The risk for elevated levels of depression symptoms was 63% lower in individuals who reported higher levels of social support compared to those with low perceived social support. Similarly, those with high social support had a 52% lower risk of poor sleep quality compared to those with low social support. Social support was found to be significantly associated with elevated risk for depression and poorer sleep quality. The results contribute to our understanding of differential psychological outcomes for individuals experiencing anti-pandemic measures.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Depressão/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Apoio Social , Adolescente , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Solidão/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente , Percepção , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/epidemiologia , Isolamento Social/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Psychosomatics ; 61(6): 607-615, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32943211

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus pandemic has changed health care rapidly and dramatically. OBJECTIVE: To provide a critical synthesis of the scientific literature on the pandemic's implications for psychiatric practice. METHODS: A rapid literature review was undertaken to identify scientific literature linking psychiatric outcomes and practice changes due to coronavirus and the disease it causes (COVID-19). A structured quality assessment was used to assess those articles reporting quantitative data. RESULTS: Fifty articles were identified for inclusion, but only 12 contained original data. Eleven of those twelve were rated as of weak quality. The literature described psychiatric sequelae of the coronavirus and related public health interventions through cross-sectional surveys among different populations; no studies include diagnostic or functional impairment data. Populations at risk include COVID-19 survivors, health care workers, the elderly, and those with preexisting psychiatric disease. Impacts on psychiatric practice were described, again without data on changes to quality or access of care. CONCLUSIONS: There is a quickly accumulating body of evidence on the psychiatric implications of coronavirus including psychological effects on the general public and at-risk subgroups. Similarly, psychiatric practice has witnessed substantial adaptation to the pandemic. However, there remain significant gaps in scientific knowledge. We suggest opportunities for consultation-liaison psychiatry to improve the understanding of the relationship between coronavirus and psychiatric care.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Assistência à Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Psiquiatria , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Depressão/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Angústia Psicológica , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/psicologia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Sobreviventes/psicologia
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