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7.
J Nurs Adm ; 50(7-8): 375-377, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32701642

RESUMO

This year, Ann Marie T. Brooks, PhD, MBA, RN, FAAN, FACHE, FNAP, President at Mount Carmel College of Nursing, Columbus, Ohio, received the American Organization for Nursing Leadership's (AONL's) prestigious Lifetime Achievement Award, which honors an AONL member recognized by the nursing community as a significant leader in the nursing profession and who has served AONL in an important leadership capacity. Brooks served as president of the AONL board of directors and previously received AONL's Mentor Award. In her career, she held a series of executive nurse positions at universities, academic health centers, and community hospitals, such as dean at the Catholic University of America and chief nurse executive at Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York.Dr Brooks has extensive global nursing leadership experience including serving as chief nursing officer at King Faisal Hospital & Research Centre in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Her experience as a Magnet appraiser for the past 18 years keeps her current with how nurse leaders and clinical nurses develop and embed leading practices in nursing and healthcare. To learn more about her insights and hopes for nurse leaders, AONL Managing Editor Terese Hudson Thrall posed these questions.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Liderança , Enfermeiras Administradoras , Confiança , Distinções e Prêmios , Feminino , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Hospitais , Humanos , Ohio , Sociedades de Enfermagem
9.
Can J Nurs Res ; 52(3): 209-215, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32698617

RESUMO

Nursing knowledge and innovations are disseminated primarily through peer-reviewed publications in scholarly journals. At the present time, there are approximately 250 journals in the profession of nursing, representing all specialties and an international, global focus. Of this group, 25 have been honored by induction into the Nursing Journal Hall of Fame, which was established by the International Academy of Nursing Editors in 2018. This article introduces the Hall of Fame and the journals that have been inducted to date. Hall of Fame journals have a sustained publication history of 50 years or more and represent excellence in nursing through the articles published and journal editorial leadership. Studying the history of this group of journals reveals trends within different specialties as well as the profession of nursing overall. For many of the journals, there were particular editors who were visionary and transformative. Knowing their stories is important for the historical record of nursing publication. Celebrating nursing journal history through the Hall of Fame and understanding the unique leadership role of nursing editors, past and present, is an important and fitting tribute to nursing knowledge during the Year of the Nurse and Nurse Midwife in 2020.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Disseminação de Informação , Enfermagem , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Humanos
11.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0234612, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32726312

RESUMO

We aimed to assess whether Nobel prizes (widely considered the most prestigious award in science) are clustering in work done in a few specific disciplines. We mapped the key Nobel prize-related publication of each laureate awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine, Physics, and Chemistry (1995-2017). These key papers mapped in only narrow sub-regions of a 91,726-cluster map of science created from 63 million Scopus-indexed published items. For each key Nobel paper, a median of 435 (range 0 to 88383) other Scopus-indexed items were published within one year and were more heavily cited than the Nobel paper. Of the 114 high-level domains that science can be divided into, only 36 have had a Nobel prize. Five of the 114 domains (particle physics [14%], cell biology [12.1%], atomic physics [10.9%], neuroscience [10.1%], molecular chemistry [5.3%]) have the lion's share, accounting in total for 52.4% of the Nobel prizes. Using a more granular classification with 849 sub-domains shows that only 71 of these sub-domains (8.3%) have at least one Nobel-related paper. Similar clustering was seen when we mapped all the 40,819 Scopus-indexed publications representing the career-long output of all the Nobel laureates. In conclusion, work resulting in Nobel prizes is concentrated in a small minority of scientific disciplines.


Assuntos
Prêmio Nobel , Ciência/história , Distinções e Prêmios , Bibliometria/história , Química/história , História da Medicina , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Medicina , Física/história
12.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235400, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32614885

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stakeholder engagement can play an important role in increasing public trust and the understanding of scientific research and its impact. Frameworks for stakeholder identification exist, but these frameworks may not apply well to basic science and early stage translational research. METHODS: Four Clinical and Translational Science Award (CTSA) hubs led six focus groups and two semi-structured interviews using a semi-structured discussion guide to learn from basic science researchers about stakeholder engagement in their work. The 24 participants represented fourteen clinical and academic disciplines. RESULTS: Early stage translational researchers reported engagement with a broad array of stakeholders. Those whose research has a clinical focus reported working with a more diverse range of stakeholders than those whose work did not. Common barriers to stakeholder engagement were grouped into three major themes: a poor definition of concepts, absence of guidance, and limited resources. DISCUSSION: The National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences (NCATS), the consortium of CTSAs, and the individual CTSA "hubs" are three actors that can help early stage translational researchers develop shared terms of reference, build the necessary skills, and assemble the appropriate resources for engaging stakeholders in Clinical and Translational Research. Getting this right will involve a coordinated push by all three entities.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Pesquisadores , Participação dos Interessados , Pesquisa Médica Translacional , Grupos Focais , Humanos
13.
Acta Med Hist Adriat ; 18(1): 9-14, 2020 06.
Artigo em Servo-Croata (Latino) | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32638596

RESUMO

Searching for an answer whether medicine is a science or an art, especially in today's time when the emphasis is on the biotechnological aspects of treatment, the intention of this paper is to reflect on the outcomes of the encounter of medicine and art. Those that are recognised at least in the complementarity of the methodology, creating additional life values. By presenting authentic actions, this is a call for additional health improvement interventions, without allowing the biopsychosocial approach to human integrity to be forgotten. The inspiration for this view was the prestigious title of the European Capital of Culture that the Town of Rijeka was awarded for the year 2020. This city is also a kind of capital of health culture in many ways.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Cultura , Medicina nas Artes , Croácia , História do Século XXI , Música
15.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde | ID: lis-47617

RESUMO

Pesquisador da Fiocruz, João Aprígio Guerra de Almeida defende a mobilização social para promover o uso de leite materno doado para recém-nascidos que não podem ser amamentados por suas mães. A força motriz por trás da Rede Brasileira de Bancos de Leite Humano, coordenada pela Fundação, João Aprígio também é o secretário executivo do Programa Ibero-Americano de Bancos de Leite Humano.


Assuntos
Leite Humano , Aleitamento Materno , Distinções e Prêmios , Participação da Comunidade , Promoção da Saúde
18.
Neurocirugía (Soc. Luso-Esp. Neurocir.) ; 31(3): 132-145, mayo-jun. 2020. tab, ilus, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192417

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVOS: La lesión axonal traumática (LAT) contribuye significativamente a la mortalidad y morbilidad tras traumatismo craneoencefálico (TCE). Sin embargo, la caracterización de la LAT supone un reto diagnóstico para las técnicas de neuroimagen habitual. La secuencia de RM tensor de difusión (diffusion tensor imaging [DTI]) es capaz de detectar el grado de difusión de las moléculas de agua tisular y así inferir la afectación traumática de la sustancia blanca. El objetivo principal de este trabajo ha sido caracterizar la LAT a través de la secuencia DTI realizada en la fase subaguda precoz en nuestra serie de pacientes con TCE moderado y grave y evaluar si existe asociación con la evolución de los pacientes. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se ha realizado RM-DTI a 217 pacientes con TCE moderado y grave en la fase subaguda precoz tras el TCE (mediana = 19 días). El método de análisis elegido es por región de interés para calcular el valor medio de fractional anisotropy (FA) en 28 haces de sustancia blanca. Los valores obtenidos en los pacientes se han comparado con aquellos medidos en 58 sujetos sanos. RESULTADOS: Los resultados principales han sido que los pacientes, independientemente de la gravedad, demostraron valores de FA significativamente inferiores al grupo control en prácticamente todos los haces estudiados. Se detectó asociación entre el valor de FA y algunas variables clínicas de interés. Adicionalmente, los valores de FA de las tres porciones del cuerpo calloso, cíngulo y pedúnculos cerebrales se correlacionaron con la evolución del paciente evaluada a los 6 y 12 meses tras el TCE. CONCLUSIONES: El DTI es una herramienta útil para caracterizar la LAT y la detección de la reducción de FA en la fase subaguda precoz se relaciona con evolución desfavorable de los pacientes a medio y largo plazo


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Traumatic axonal injury (TAI) contributes significantly to mortality and morbidity after traumatic brain injury (TBI). Its identification is still a diagnostic challenge because of the limitations of conventional imaging techniques to characterized it. Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) can indirectly identify areas of damaged white matter integrity by detecting water molecule diffusion alterations. Our main objective is to characterize the TAI using DTI at the early subacute stage in our series of moderate to severe TBI patients and to evaluate if there is a relationship between the information provided by the DTI and patient's outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We have obtained DTI data from 217 patients with moderate to severe TBI acquired at a median of 19 days after TBI, and patient DTI metrics were compared with data obtained from 58 age-matched healthy controls. Region of interest method was applied to obtain mean fractional anisotropy (FA) value in 28 white matter fiber bundles susceptible to TAI. RESULTS: Our main results were that when we compared patients with controls, patients, regardless of TBI severity, showed significantly reduced mean FA in almost all region of interest measured. We found statistically significant correlation between FA metrics and some clinical characteristics. Additionally, the FA values of the three portions of Corpus callosum, Cingulum and cerebral peduncles measured at the early subacute stage were highly associated with outcome assessed at hospital discharge and at 6 and 12 months after TBI. CONCLUSIONS: We conclude that DTI is a useful tool to characterize TAI and the detection of FA reduction in the subacute stage after TBI is associated with long-term unfavorable outcome


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/cirurgia , Imagem de Tensor de Difusão/instrumentação , Distinções e Prêmios , Lesões Encefálicas Traumáticas/etiologia , Modelos Lineares , Intervalos de Confiança
20.
Br J Sports Med ; 54(15): 920-924, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32376674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The percentage of athletes with Therapeutic Use Exemptions (TUEs) competing in elite sport and the association with winning medals has been a matter of speculation in the absence of validated competitor numbers. We used International Olympic Committee (IOC) and World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) data to identify athletes competing with TUEs at five Olympic Games (Games) and a possible association between having a TUE and winning an Olympic medal. METHODS: We used the IOC's competition results and WADA's TUE database to identify the number of TUEs for athlete competitions (ACs, defined as one athlete competing in one event) and any associations with medals among athletes competing in individual competitions. We calculated risk ratios (RR) for the probability of winning a medal among athletes with a TUE compared with that of athletes without a TUE. We also reported adjusted RR (RRadj) controlling for country resources, which is a potential confounder. RESULTS: During the Games from 2010 to 2018, there were 20 139 ACs and 2062 medals awarded. Athletes competed with a TUE in 0.9% (181/20 139) of ACs. There were 21/2062 medals won by athletes with a TUE. The RR for winning a medal with a TUE was 1.13 (95% CI: 0.73 to 1.65; p=0.54), and the RRadj was 1.07 (95% CI: 0.69 to 1.56; p=0.73). CONCLUSION: The number of athletes competing with valid TUEs at Games is <1%. Our results suggested that there is no meaningful association between being granted a TUE and the likelihood of winning a medal.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Comportamento Competitivo , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Esportes/legislação & jurisprudência , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , Doping nos Esportes/legislação & jurisprudência , Doping nos Esportes/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Prevalência
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