Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 18.576
Filtrar
1.
BMJ ; 367: l6721, 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852665

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To compare the proportional representation of healthcare workers in receipt of New Year honours (NYHs) with workers in other industries and to determine whether the NYH system has gender or geographical biases. DESIGN: Observational study of the UK honours system with a comparative analysis of proportional representation of the UK workforce and subgroup analyses of gender and geographical representations. PARTICIPANTS: Recipients of NYHs from 2009 to 2018. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Absolute risk of receiving an NYH based on industry, gender, or region of the UK. Relative risk of receiving an NYH for services to healthcare compared with other industries. RESULTS: 10 989 NYHs were bestowed from 2009 to 2018, 47% of which were awarded to women. 832 awards (7.6%) were for services to healthcare. People working in sport and in the arts and media were more likely to receive NYHs than those working in healthcare (relative risks of 22.01 (95% confidence interval 19.91 to 24.34) and 5.84 (5.31 to 6.44), respectively). There was no significant difference between the rate of receiving honours for healthcare and for science and technology (P=0.22). 34% (3741) of awards were issued to people living in London and in the southeast of England, and only 496 of 1447 (34%) higher order awards (knighthoods, damehoods, companions of honour, and commanders of the order of the British empire) were received by women. CONCLUSIONS: In relation to the size of its workforce, a career in healthcare is not as "honourable" as careers in certain other industries. Geographical and gender biases might exist in the honours system.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Geografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústrias/estatística & dados numéricos , Sexismo/estatística & dados numéricos , Recursos Humanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reino Unido
11.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1150, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 1976, the U.S. Sugar Association (SA), a globally networked trade organization representing the cane and beet sugar industry, won the Public Relations Society of America's (PRSA) Silver Anvil Award for a crisis communication campaign. Their campaign successfully limited the diffusion of sugar restriction policies to control obesity, heart disease, diabetes, and dental caries, and marked the beginning of the modern-day SA. The sugar industry continues to resist measures to reduce sugar consumption, therefore understanding and addressing industry opposition is crucial to achieving global targets to reduce non-communicable disease. METHODS: We critically analyze common crisis management rhetorical strategies used by SA to defend itself from perceived wrongdoing, and sugar from perceptions of harm using a thematic content analysis based on Hearit's Corporate Apologia theory. Data sources were internal SA documents related to the 1976 Silver Anvil Award in 1) PRSA records, 2) Great Western Sugar Company records, and 3) William Jefferson Darby Papers. RESULTS: SA, using prototypical apologia stances (counterattack, differentiation, apology, and corrective action) and rhetorical dissociation strategies (appearance/reality, opinion/knowledge, and act/essence) constructed a persuasive narrative to successfully defend sugar from a product safety crisis, and the sugar industry from a social legitimacy crisis. SA's overarching narrative was that restricting sugar, which it claimed was a valuable food that makes healthy foods more palatable, would cause harm and that claims to the contrary were made by opportunists, pseudoscientists, food-faddists, lay nutritionists or those who had been misled by them. SA's apologia does not meet criteria for truthfulness or sincerity. CONCLUSION: Corporate apologia theory provides an accessible way of understanding sugar industry crisis communication strategies. It enables public health actors to recognize and predict industry corporate apologia in response to ongoing product safety and social legitimacy challenges. Industry counterarguments can be examined for truthfulness and sincerity (or the lack thereof), and explained to policymakers considering sugar restriction policies, and to the public, thereby decreasing the effectiveness of illegitimate industry communication efforts to oppose regulation and legislation.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Açúcares da Dieta , Indústria Alimentícia , Relações Públicas , Açúcares da Dieta/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Doenças não Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças não Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Política Nutricional , Comunicação Persuasiva , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Br J Nurs ; 28(15): 1032-1034, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393758

RESUMO

The Flu Bee Game earned Joan Pons Laplana a runner-up place in the innovation category, as Andy Yeoman of Focus Games Ltd explains.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Difusão de Inovações , Jogos Experimentais , Humanos , Vacinas contra Influenza/administração & dosagem , Corpo Clínico/psicologia , Medicina Estatal , Reino Unido , Vacinação/psicologia , Vacinação/estatística & dados numéricos
13.
Br J Nurs ; 28(15): S20-S22, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393776

RESUMO

Clare Mechen, runner up at the BJN Awards 2019, describes the work of the Leg Club for which her team was shortlisted.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Úlcera da Perna/enfermagem , Enfermagem , Humanos , Reino Unido
16.
Pathologe ; 40(6): 636-648, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414177

RESUMO

The pathologist Walter Müller is undoubtedly one of the most prominent post-war representatives of his profession. He became full professor and founding dean in Essen, and in 1983 the German Society for Pathology (DGP) awarded him the Rudolf Virchow Medal - the highest distinction of the society - for his merits to the field of pathology.But this glorious career was by no means predetermined. Rather, after the end of the Second World War there were signs of a career break that were still largely unknown. After fleeing Königsberg from the approaching Red Army, Müller had to fear for his professional existence and his scientific advancement, as he was threatened with a ban on his profession in connection with denazification. As a young assistant doctor, Müller had joined the Berlin SA soon after the National Socialists took power and had also applied for membership of the NSDAP in 1937.Using Müller as an example, this article deals with the political influences and effects of National Socialism on young scientists and their career development. It poses the question of typical political barriers and overarching patterns of adaptation.On the basis of the personal written estate, personal archive sources, and a reanalysis of the available secondary literature, existing self-portrayals and narratives of Walter Müller are critically reviewed and supplemented. Several examples show that Müller's career development was characterized by a willingness to adapt politically. After a brief career slump in the years 1946/47, he succeeded in consolidating his career thanks to a mild denazification process and subsequently became one of the leading experts in German-language pathology.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Patologistas , Berlim , História do Século XX , Humanos , Socialismo Nacional , Patologistas/história
18.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(6): 775-778, 2019 Jul 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31340303

RESUMO

Smoking is a major global risk factor for preventable death and disability. EAT is an acronym for Education Against Tobacco, a multinational network of physicians and medical students that aims to improve tobacco control by means of school-based prevention targeted at adolescents through counseling, use of software and support materials. The first EAT-Brazil Award, launched in March 2018, was a competition designed to encourage the proposal of objective solutions for tobacco control in Brasil, and identify new talents in the area. Brazilian undergraduate students from any field of study could submit a one-page essay on the subject, competing for the amount of R$ 1000.00 (one thousand reais). There were a total of 39 applicants (20 women and 19 men) from 9 Brazilian states and 18 undergraduate programs, with a mean age of 22.5 years (SD = 3.7). Data from an online anonymous questionnaire answered after the submission of their essays revealed that most applicants were students of institutions from in the state of Minas Gerais (n = 26/39; 66.6%), studied medicine (n = 20/39, 51.3%), and had no prior knowledge of the EAT-Brazil Network (n = 27/39, 69.2%). The winner of the award was Lucas Guimarães de Azevedo, a fourth-year medical student at Federal University of Western Bahia. The next editions of the award should focus on increasing the number of applicants and diversifying their geographical distribution.


Assuntos
Distinções e Prêmios , Prevenção do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
20.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 956, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31315605

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A healthy diet is a key determinant of an individual's health status and is closely related to mental health and quality of life (QoL); however, the exact nature of the relationship is unknown. This study hypothesized that a higher diet quality score is associated with a lower observance of symptoms of depression and anxiety and a higher QoL. METHODS: This study evaluated 1,295 adults (521 men; 774 women) aged 19-64 years, who participated in the 2014-2015 National Fitness Award Project. Diet quality was measured by the recommended food score (RFS), and mental health and QoL were assessed by the beck depression inventory (BDI), beck anxiety inventory (BAI), and the World Health Organization QoL-Brief (WHOQoL-BREF). RESULTS: After adjusting for covariates, the individuals with depression had a significantly lower RFS value compared to those without depression, and the group with a QoL score above the median had a higher RFS value than the group with a QoL score below the median. These trends occurred in both men and women. Subjects in the highest tertile of RFS showed a lower odds of depression (OR = 0.51, 95% CI = 0.32-0.81, p-trend = 0.0043) and a QoL score below the median (OR = 0.40, 95% CI = 0.30-0.54, p-trend < 0.0001) compared with those in the lowest tertile. The RFS was not associated with anxiety. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that higher diet quality may be associated with lower depressive symptoms and a better QoL in Korean adults.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Dieta/normas , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Distinções e Prêmios , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aptidão Física , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA