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1.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 58(1): 30-34, 2020 Jan 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31905473

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (HIBI) on brain development in neonatal rats of different sexes. Methods: From January 1 to December 31, 2018, 60 7-day-old SD rats were randomly divided into HIBI-F group (20 rats), HIBI-M group (20 rats), and control group (20 rats, 10 females and 10 males). The animal model of HIBI was established with Rice-Vannucci method, with the rats' left common carotid artery double-ligated and severed. The rats were then placed in an incubator and exposed to a hypoxic gas mixture (8% O(2), 92% N(2)) for 90 minutes. No intervention was given to the control group. Two weeks after HIBI, the motor development was evaluated by footprint analysis, the residual brain volume was measured by brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and the damage of synaptic ultra structure was analyzed by transmission electron microscope. One-way ANOVA or χ(2) test was used for inter-group statistical analysis, and paired sample t test was used to compare the bilateral step length and toe distance of rats in the same group. Results: The mortality rate of HIBI-F was significantly higher than that of HIBI-M (20%(4/20) vs. 10%(2/20), χ(2)=40.000, P=0.001). The right step length and toe distance in HIBI-M group and HIBI-F group were significantly shorter than those in control group ((7.5±0.3) cm and (7.9±0.5) cm vs. (8.2±0.5) cm, F=9.605, P<0.01, (0.9±0.1) cm and (1.0±0.0) cm vs. (1.1±0.1) cm, F=71.437, P<0.01). Besides, according to above data, the right step length and toe distance in HIBI-M group were significantly shorter than those in the HIBI-F group (both P<0.01). Furthermore, the right step length was significantly shorter than the left step length ((8.3±0.4) and (8.3±0.5) cm, t=5.289 and 10.580, P=0.001 and 0.010, respectively) and toe distance ((1.1±0.1) and (1.1±0.1) cm, t=7.953 and 6.435, respectively, both P<0.01) in both HIBI-M group and HIBI-F group. Similarly, the synaptic gap of the left precentral gyrus neurons was longer in HIBI-M group and HIBI-F group than that in control group ((23.4±1.3) and (19.7±1.6) nm vs. (18.9±0.6) nm, F=71.719, P<0.01), and also longer in HIBI-M group than that in HIBI-F group (t=7.645, P<0.01). Likewise, the residual brain volume in HIBI-M group and HIBI-F group was significantly less than that in control group ((67±4)% and (75±5)% vs. 100%, F=406.122, P<0.01), and the residual brain volume in HIBI-M group was significantly less than that in HIBI-F group (t=-5.281, P<0.01). Conclusions: Male neonatal rats are more vulnerable to HIBI and have severer subsequent brain injury and hemiplegia. Different treatment strategies for HIBI patients of different sexes should be developed.


Assuntos
Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Encéfalo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
2.
Exp Parasitol ; 208: 107790, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31697939

RESUMO

Neospora caninum is a protozoan that has tropism for the central nervous system. The aim of this study was to determine whether experimental infection of gerbils would interfere with activity of enzymes associated with energy metabolism. We randomized 20 gerbils into two groups (ten animals per group): the control group (healthy animals; uninfected) and the infected group (experimentally infected with dose 7.8 × 102 tachyzoites of N. caninum per gerbil). On day six and twelve post-infection (PI), brain and spleen tissues were collected for biochemical and histopathological analyses. No histopathological lesions were observed in the brains of infected animals; however, inflammatory infiltrates were found in the spleen. Significantly greater levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were observed in the brain and spleen of infected gerbils than in the control group at 12 days PI. Cytosolic creatine kinase (CK-CYT), mitochondrial creatine kinase (CK-MIT), and pyruvate kinase (PK) activities were lower in the brains of infected gerbils than in those of the control group on day 12 PI. There was significantly less CK-CYT activity in the spleens of infected gerbils on day 6 and 12 PI. Finally, there was significantly less sodium-potassium ion pump (Na+/K+ ATPase) activity in the brains and spleens of infected gerbils on day 12 PI. These data suggest that experimental infection with N. caninum interfered with energy metabolism associated with ATP homeostasis in the brain and spleen, directly or indirectly, apparently mediated by ROS overproduction, contributing to inhibition of Na+/K+ ATPase activity.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/enzimologia , Coccidiose/enzimologia , Metabolismo Energético , Neospora , Baço/enzimologia , Animais , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/patologia , Coccidiose/metabolismo , Creatina Quinase/metabolismo , Citosol/enzimologia , Gerbillinae , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/enzimologia , Piruvato Quinase/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , ATPase Trocadora de Sódio-Potássio/metabolismo , Baço/química , Baço/patologia
3.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104416, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704261

RESUMO

Vitiligo is a common depigmentary disease characterized as diagnosis simplicity and cure difficulty in view of the ambiguity of etiology, thus novel and effective treatments are urgently needed. Paeoniflorin, the major active compound extracted from the root of Paeonia lactiflora Pall, a traditional Chinese medicine, has been validated pharmacological properties such as antioxidant stress, a theory participating in the occurrence of vitiligo, but the effect on melanogenesis is still unclear. In this study, melanosythesis effect of paeoniflorin and the potential mechanism were evaluated. We found that treatment with paeoniflorin at the concentration of 10 µg/ml significantly increased melanin content and intracellular tyrosinase activity of human melanocytes, in accordance with the elevation of protein levels of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), tyrosinase-related protein 1 (TRP-1). In addition, we also investigated that paeoniflorin promoted phosphorylation of cAMP-response element binding (CREB) and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) without affecting p38 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). These results demonstrated that paeoniflorin had a synergistic effect on normal human melanocytes via ERK/CREB pathway with up-regulation of MITF and TRP-1, enhancing melanin synthesis. Meanwhile, the milder pathological changes in vitiligo mice treat with paeoniflorin also confirmed its potential in treating vitiligo. To sum up, we suggest that paeoniflorin may be a potential medicine of vitiligo treatment in clinical.


Assuntos
Glucosídeos/farmacologia , Melanócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Vitiligo/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Distribuição Aleatória
4.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 28: e20190023, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800871

RESUMO

When exposure of the pulp to external environment occurs, reparative dentinogenesis can be induced by direct pulp capping to maintain pulp tissue vitality and function. These clinical situations require the use of materials that induce dentin repair and, subsequently, formation of a mineralized tissue. OBJECTIVE: This work aims to assess the effect of tricalcium silicate cements and mineral trioxide aggregate cements, including repairing dentin formation and inflammatory reactions over time after pulp exposure in Wistar rats. METHODOLOGY: These two biomaterials were compared with positive control groups (open cavity with pulp tissue exposure) and negative control groups (no intervention). The evaluations were performed in three stages; three, seven and twenty-one days, and consisted of an imaging (nuclear medicine) and histological evaluation (H&E staining, immunohistochemistry and Alizarin Red S). RESULTS: The therapeutic effect of these biomaterials was confirmed. Nuclear medicine evaluation demonstrated that the uptake of 99mTc-Hydroxymethylene diphosphonate (HMDP) showed no significant differences between the different experimental groups and the control, revealing the non-occurrence of differences in the phosphocalcium metabolism. The histological study demonstrated that in mineral trioxide aggregate therapies, the presence of moderate inflammatory infiltration was found after three days, decreasing during follow-ups. The formation of mineralized tissue was only verified at 21 days of follow-up. The tricalcium silicate therapies demonstrated the presence of a slight inflammatory infiltration on the third day, increasing throughout the follow-up. The formation of mineralized tissue was observed in the seventh follow-up day, increasing over time. CONCLUSIONS: The mineral trioxide aggregate (WhiteProRoot®MTA) and tricalcium silicate (Biodentine™) present slight and reversible inflammatory signs in the pulp tissue, with the formation of mineralized tissue. However, the exacerbated induction of mineralized tissue formation with the tricalcium silicate biomaterial may lead to the formation of pulp calcifications.


Assuntos
Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentina/efeitos dos fármacos , Dentinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Óxidos/farmacologia , Silicatos/farmacologia , Animais , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/tratamento farmacológico , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/patologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/análise , Imuno-Histoquímica , Masculino , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Odontoblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/farmacologia , Pulpite/tratamento farmacológico , Pulpite/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Sialoglicoproteínas/análise , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104549, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541844

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This in vitro study aimed to evaluate different periods of exposure to clarified human saliva for the ability to protect enamel against erosive tooth wear. METHODS: For this purpose, sixty specimens (4 × 4 × 1.5 mm) were prepared from third human molars. For all groups, the period before abrasion was performed by remineralisation with human saliva (except in G1). The specimens were randomly divided into six groups (n = 10) according to the different remineralisation times of exposure to clarified human saliva: no exposure to saliva (G1) and 30 min (G2), 60 min (G3), 90 min (G4), 120 min (G5), and 240 min (G6) of exposure to human saliva. A 5-day cycling was performed with 5 min of erosion (1% citric acid; pH 2.3), 4x/day. After the first and last erosive episodes, the abrasion challenge was performed with slurry of fluoride toothpaste (1450 ppm F-, as sodium monofluorophosphate) plus human saliva (1:3), with an electric toothbrush (15 s, with a total of 120 s of slurry immersion). Surface loss (SL) was determined using an optical profilometer (n = 10) and for qualitative analysis, environmental scanning electron microscopy (ESEM) was performed (n = 3). The SL data were statistically analysed by one-way analysis of variance (α = 0.05). RESULTS: No significant differences were detected among the groups for SL (p > 0.05), and ESEM showed similar aspects of eroded enamel. CONCLUSIONS: The period of in vitro exposure to clarified human saliva was not able to protect against enamel erosion.


Assuntos
Esmalte Dentário/patologia , Saliva/química , Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Humanos , Distribuição Aleatória , Escovação Dentária/instrumentação , Cremes Dentais
6.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104553, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563004

RESUMO

This study evaluated the effects of replacing a saturated fat diet by n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3PUFA), on alveolar bone loss in hypercholesterolemic rats with experimental periodontitis (PD). METHODS: Eight week old Wistar rats were assigned according to dietary intake. Control group (C, n = 15) fed a commercial diet throughout the experiment. Atherogenic group (AT, n = 30) fed AT diet for 3 weeks; thereafter, AT was randomized to receive either a n-3PUFA (n = 15) or to continue with AT (n = 15) diet. Subsequently, PD was induced in all groups by unilateral ligature (L) of the first molar (M1) of the left mandible, non-ligated contralateral molars served as controls. After every week of PD induction, 5 rats per group were euthanized. Serum was collected for lipids assays and hemi-mandibles were subjected to histomorphometric (% upper and lower interradicular bone volume and periodontal ligament height, hPDL) and radiographic analyses (periodontal bone support, PBS, in ligated teeth, between M1-M2). RESULTS: Rats fed n-3PUFA diet rapidly induced a significant reduction in the serum lipids (p < 0.001). In all rats the ligated teeth showed a greater bone loss as compared with the unligated molars. At the end of the experiment the AT + L was the worst in % lower bone volume (p < 0.01), hPDL and PBS (p < 0.05). In contrast, rats fed n-3PUFA + L was similar to those rats fed C diet (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: Alveolar bone and dyslipidemia improved by substituting saturated fat intake for a n-3PUFA rich diet, in hypercholesterolemic rats with PD.


Assuntos
Perda do Osso Alveolar/terapia , Dieta , Ácidos Graxos Ômega-3/administração & dosagem , Óleos de Peixe/administração & dosagem , Hipercolesterolemia/fisiopatologia , Periodontite/fisiopatologia , Animais , Dislipidemias/terapia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
7.
Arch Oral Biol ; 109: 104580, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593890

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the erosive tooth wear promoted by commercial whitening toothpastes on eroded dentin in vitro. DESIGN: Ninety bovine roots were embedded, polished and subjected to the baseline profile analysis. The samples were protected in 2/3 of the dentin surface and were randomly assigned to 6 groups (n = 15/group): Oral-B 3D White; Close-up Diamond Attraction Power White; Sorriso Xtreme White 4D; Colgate Luminous White; Crest and erosion only. All samples were submitted to erosive pH cycles (4 × 90 s in 0.1% citric acid, pH 2.5, per day) and abrasive challenges (2 × 15 s, per day) for 7 days. The samples were subjected to abrasion, using toothbrushing machine, soft toothbrushes and slurries of the tested toothpastes (1.5 N, 1:3 water). Between the challenges, the samples were immersed in artificial saliva. The final profile was overlaid to the baseline profile for the calculation of the erosive dentin wear (µm). The data were subjected to Kruskal-Wallis/Dunn tests (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Colgate Luminous White (4.7 µm) and Sorriso Xtreme White 4D (4.0 µm) promoted the highest wear, similarly to Oral-B 3D White (2.3 µm). Oral-B 3D White promoted similar wear compared to Crest (1.1 µm) and Close-up Diamond Attraction Power White (1.2 µm); however, it induced significant higher dentin wear compared to erosion only (1.0 µm). Close-up Diamond Attraction Power White and Crest did not increase the erosive wear compared to erosion only. CONCLUSION: Some whitening toothpastes increase the wear of eroded dentin, which should be considered by the dentist when prescribing them to patient with root exposure.


Assuntos
Dentina , Abrasão Dentária , Erosão Dentária , Cremes Dentais/efeitos adversos , Animais , Bovinos , Distribuição Aleatória , Escovação Dentária
8.
Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 47-51, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887836

RESUMO

Objective: To study the influences of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on the development of experimental autoimmune Graves disease (EAGD), and to observe the effect of DHT on cytokines in male BALB/c mice model. Methods: Male BALB/c mice aged 6-8 weeks were divided into 4 groups using random number table: (1) control group; (2) EAGD group; (3) placebo group; (4) DHT group. EAGD mice were induced with an adenovirus expressing the human thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibody A-subunit (Ad-TSHR289). DHT (5mg) or a matching placebo were implanted one week before the first immunization. Thyroid hormones were detected with radioimmunoassay kit.. Cytokines [such as interferonγ (IFNγ), interleukin (IL)-4, IL-10, IL-9, and IL-17] producing cells from the spleen were detected using flow cytometry. Results: As expected Ad-TSHR289 treatment increased total thyroxine [EAGD group vs. control group: (117.76±32.69) nmol/L vs. (33.08±12.61) nmol/L, P<0.0001] and free thyroxine [EAGD group vs. control group: (15.01±11.55) pmol/L vs. (3.55±1.88) pmol/L, P<0.0001]. Treatment of DHT slightly lowered thyroid hormones [DHT group vs. placebo group: total thyroxine (114.80±44.27) nmol/L vs. (123.17±77.73) nmol/L; free thyroxine (13.48±6.01) pmol/L vs. (14.19±12.65) pmol/L], without significant difference (all P>0.05)]. However, the percentage of IL-10, but not IFN γ, IL-4, IL-9 and IL-17, secreted spleen cells increased in DHT group than in the placebo group [(7.11±3.29)% vs. (3.51±1.36)%, P<0.05]. Conclusion: The effects of DHT on thyroid hormone are mild. It might play an immunomodulatory role in the male mouse Graves disease model by up-regulating the cytokine IL-10.


Assuntos
Citocinas/efeitos dos fármacos , Di-Hidrotestosterona/farmacologia , Doença de Graves , Animais , Humanos , Interferon gama , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Distribuição Aleatória
9.
J Sci Food Agric ; 100(1): 235-244, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512251

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the effects of early antibiotic exposure (EAE) on subsequent amino acid (AA) profiles and small intestinal AA transporter and receptor expression level in pigs with different dietary crude protein (CP) levels. Eighteen litters of piglets were fed creep feed diets, either with or without antibiotics while with sow on day 7. The pigs were weaned at day 23 and fed the same diets until day 42, when random pigs within each group were offered a normal- or low-CP diet, thereby creating four groups. On day 120, the pigs were euthanized, and jejunal and ileal mucosa and digesta were collected for gene-expression and AA-concentration analysis. RESULTS: With the normal-CP diet, EAE increased (P < 0.05) the concentrations of six essential amino acids (EAA) and three non-essential amino acids (NEAA) in serum, four EAAs and four NEAAs in jejunal mucosa, one EAA and two NEAAs in ileal mucosa, five EAAs and three NEAAs in jejunal digesta, and three EAAs and two NEAAs in ileal digesta. Early antibiotic exposure upregulated (P < 0.05) CAT1, ASCT2, ATB0,+ , CaSR, T1R1, and T1R3 expression in the jejunum, downregulated PepT1 expression with a normal-CP diet. It upregulated (P < 0.05) the expressions of CAT1, ATB0,+ , ATP1A1, and T1R3 in the ileum with a normal-CP diet. CONCLUSION: These results suggest that EAE has long-term effects on AA profiles, mainly in the jejunum and serum, by increasing AA transporter expression in the intestine, and that these effects may be influenced by dietary CP levels. © 2019 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos/genética , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Antibacterianos/efeitos adversos , Mucosa Intestinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/genética , Suínos/metabolismo , Sistemas de Transporte de Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/química , Ração Animal/análise , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas na Dieta/análise , Proteínas na Dieta/metabolismo , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Intestinal/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Receptores Acoplados a Proteínas-G/metabolismo , Suínos/genética , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 54(11): 843-849, 2019 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31795546

RESUMO

Objective: The aging model of guinea pigs induced by D-galactose was set up to investigate the changes of BK(Ca) expression and function on cochlear pericytes and their relationship with age-related hearing loss. Methods: Thirty healthy 8-week-old guinea pigs were randomly divided into three groups, with 10 in each group: D-galactose aging model group, subcutaneous injection of D-galactose (500 mg/kg) daily for 6 weeks; saline control group, the same amount of saline was injected into the neck of the aging model group for 6 weeks; the blank control group, no treatment was performed. The threshold of auditory brainstem response (ABR) was detected. The content of BK(Ca) in the perivascular cells of the guinea pig cochlear cells was detected by immunofluorescence technique. The changes of peripheral current density and BK(Ca) current were detected by patch clamp technique. The data were analyzed by GraphPad Prism software. Results: Compared with the saline group and the control group, the ABR threshold and the amplitude of the wave I were significantly decreased in the aging model group, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the expression of BK(Ca) in the vascular pericytes of guinea pigs in the aging model group was significantly reduced (1.00±0.08 vs 0.27±0.03,the difference was statistically significant P<0.01), and the cell current density and BK(Ca) net current value were also significantly reduced with statistically significant (P<0.01). Conclusions: D-galactose can successfully induce guinea pig aging model, in which BK(Ca) expression decreases and net current value decreases in pericytes of cochlear striavascularis, and changes in BK(Ca) expression and function may be related to age-related hearing loss.


Assuntos
Cóclea/metabolismo , Doenças Cocleares/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio Ativados por Cálcio de Condutância Alta/biossíntese , Pericitos/metabolismo , Presbiacusia/metabolismo , Animais , Cóclea/patologia , Cóclea/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cocleares/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Cocleares/patologia , Doenças Cocleares/fisiopatologia , Potenciais Evocados Auditivos do Tronco Encefálico , Galactose/administração & dosagem , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Cobaias , Modelos Animais , Presbiacusia/induzido quimicamente , Presbiacusia/patologia , Presbiacusia/fisiopatologia , Distribuição Aleatória
11.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1221-1226, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801706

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the protective effect of L. reuteri DSM17938 strain against oxidative stress in a neonatal mouse model of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) and explore the possible mechanism. METHODS: Ninety-six 10-day-old neonatal C57BL/6J mice were equally randomized into control group, NEC group, and NEC+ L. reuteri group. The pathological changes of the ileocecal intestinal tissue were evaluated with HE staining and double-blind pathological scoring. The mRNA and protein expressions of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß) in the intestinal tissues were detected using quantitative real-time PCR and ELISA, respectively. Colorimetric assays were used to determine the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and its inhibition rate, malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), oxidized glutathione (GSSG), and GSSG/ GSH ratio. RESULTS: Compared with those in the control group, the neonatal mice in NEC group showed significant weight loss (P < 0.05), obvious intestinal injury, increased pathological scores (P < 0.05), increased expressions of TNF-α and IL-1ß mRNA and proteins (P < 0.05), decreased SOD activity and inhibition rate, decreased GSH, and significantly increased MDA, GSSG, and GSSG/GSH ratios (P < 0.05). Treatment with L. reuteri obviously decreased the pathological scores, expressions of TNF-α and IL-1ß (P < 0.05), MDA, GSSG, and GSSG/GSH ratio (P < 0.05), and significantly increased SOD activity, its inhibition rate, and GSH level in the mice with NEC, but the survival rate was not significantly different between NEC and L. reuteri-treated groups (P > 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: L. reuteri DSM17938 can offer protection against NEC in mice by reducing oxidative stress and increasing antioxidant capacity of the intestinal tissue to suppress intestinal inflammations.


Assuntos
Enterocolite Necrosante/terapia , Lactobacillus reuteri , Estresse Oxidativo , Probióticos/uso terapêutico , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Método Duplo-Cego , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
12.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1160-1165, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801715

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of occlusal interference on the afferent pathway of the trigeminal nerve and neuronal excitability in the trigeminal subnucleus caudalis (SPVC) of rats by electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion (TG) and extracellular recordings of SPVC activities. METHODS: Twenty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group and model group (n=10). In the model group, occlusal interference for 30 consecutive days was induced using light-cured flowable resin on the right maxillary molars. During occlusal interference, the pain sensitivity was scored with von Frey Fibers in the masseter. Simultaneous recordings of electrical activities from the SPVC, electrocardiogram, body temperature and electromyogram of the breath muscles of the anesthetized rats were performed, and the responses evoked by electrical stimulation of the TG were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the control rats, the rats in the model group showed significantly increased pain sensitivity scores (P < 0.05) and increased spontaneous discharge frequency of the SPVC (P < 0.05). The amplitude of the SPVC responses induced by electrical stimulation of the TG showed stimulus intensity-dependent changes (P < 0.05), and the amplitude evoked by 4 mA and 8 mA stimulation was similar between the model group and the control group (P>0.05). Train stimulation (0.2 ms, 1 mA, 30 s, 100 Hz) of the TG significantly increased the discharge frequency of the SPVC only in the rats in the model group (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The functional activities of the pain afferent pathway of the trigeminal nerve can be electrophysiologically monitored by electrical stimulation of the TG and extracellular recordings of SPVC activities in rats. Occlusal interference can increase the excitability of the neurons in the SPVC and enhance their sensitivities to TG afferent activation, suggesting the neural plasticity of the pain afferent pathway.


Assuntos
Vias Aferentes , Medição da Dor , Limiar da Dor , Dor/fisiopatologia , Nervo Trigêmeo/fisiologia , Animais , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Núcleos do Trigêmeo
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(10): 1232-1238, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31801723

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of ulinastatin on the inflammatory mediators and their signaling pathways miR-146a/TLR4/NF-κB in rats with hemorrhagic shock. METHODS: Seventy-two SD rats were randomly assigned into shock without resuscitation group (SR group, n=24), acetated Ringer's solution resuscitation group (AR group, n=24) and ulinastatin treatment group (n=24). In all the 3 groups hemorrhagic shock models were established by femoral artery bleeding (with the mean arterial pressure maintained at 30-40 mmHg) without resuscitation (in SR group) or with resuscitation (in AR and ulinastatin groups) using acetated Ringer's solution for 30 min at 60 min after the onset of shock. At 1, 4, and 6 h after the shock onset or immediately after shock if the rats died, the lung tissues were taken for measurement of mRNA expressions of miR-146a, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin-1 (IL-1), IL-4, IL-6 and IL-10 using real-time quantitative PCR and the protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88, IκB-α, p-IκB-α, NF-κB p65, IRAK4, p-IRAK4 (Thr345, Ser346), p-IRAK4 (Thr342) and TRAF6 using Western blotting. The lung histopathology of the rats was examined under optical microscope with HE staining. RESULTS: Compared with the SR group, the rats in the AR group showed slightly alleviated inflammatory infiltration in the lung tissues with significantly increased mRNA levels of miR-146a, IL-4 and IL-10 (P < 0.05) and protein expressions of IκB-α, p-IRAK4 (Thr342) and p-IRAK4 (Thr345, ser346) (P < 0.05), and decreased mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 (P < 0.05) and protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB p65, p-IκB-α, IRAK-4 and TRAF6 (P < 0.05). Compared with those in AR group, the rats in ulinastatin group showed further alleviation of inflammatory lung tissue injury, with increased mRNA levels of miR-146a, IL-4 and IL-10 (P < 0.01) and protein expressions of IκB-α, p-IRAK4 and p-IRAK4 (P < 0.01) and decreased mRNA levels of TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 (P < 0.01) and protein expressions of TLR4, MyD88, NF-κB p65, p-IκB-α, IRAK-4 and TRAF6 (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Ulinastatin combined with acetated Ringer's solution resuscitation alleviates lung inflammations in rats with hemorrhagic shock possibly by enhancing miR-146a expression to regulate TLR4/NF-κB signaling pathway through a negative feedback mechanism and thus modulate the balance of pro-inflammatory and anti-inflammatory factors.


Assuntos
Glicoproteínas/farmacologia , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Pulmão/patologia , Choque Hemorrágico/tratamento farmacológico , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , MicroRNAs/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Choque Hemorrágico/complicações , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo
14.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(12): 907-915, 2019 Dec 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826534

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the mechanism of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) on the phagocytosis of alveolar macrophages (AM) in mice with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) through actin-related protein (Arp) 2/3 complex. Methods: Forty mice were divided into healthy control(A) group, healthy PM2.5 (B) group, COPD(C) group, and COPD PM2.5(D) group according to the random number table method. A mouse model of COPD was established by cigarette smoke exposure method. PM2.5 (662 µg/m(3)) model was established by continuously inhalation for 90 days in healthy PM2.5 group and COPD PM2.5 group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the ability of AM to phagocytose fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled E.coli (FITC-E.coli), expressed as mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) and percentage of phagocytic positive cells (phagocytosis percentage); Western blotting was used to detect AM Arp2 and F-actin content, and laser confocal microscopy for AM Arp2 and F-actin and phagocytic FITC-E.coli average optical density and colocalization of Arp2 and F-actin, while scanning electron microscopy was used to observes the morphology of AM after phagocytizing FITC-E.coli. Results: AM phagocytosis: MFI and phagocytosis percentage in the COPD group [4 656±251, (31.9±1.7)%] were lower than the healthy control group [8 657±247, (65.7±1.9)%] (both P<0.01); and healthy PM2.5 group and COPD PM2.5 group [7 653±228, (47.9±1.6)% and 3 660±237, (19.2±1.2)%] were lower than the respective control groups (all P<0.01), and the decrease in the COPD group was more pronounced. AM Arp2, F-actin content: the COPD group (0.51±0.02, 0.46±0.03) were lower than the healthy control group (0.81±0.04, 0.71±0.04, both P<0.01); the healthy PM2.5 group and the COPD PM2.5 group [(0.64±0.03, 0.56±0.04) and (0.29±0.02, 0.26±0.02)] were lower than the respective control groups (all P<0.01), and the decrease in COPD group was more significant. Arp2, F-actin, and phagocytic FITC-E.coli mean optical density values: the COPD group (33.0±2.3, 62.0±0.7, 41.0±0.4) were lower than the healthy control group (141.0±4.2, 145.0±2.9, 189.0±2.6, both P<0.01); the healthy PM2.5 group and the COPD PM2.5 group (127.0±2.8, 124.0±0.7, 154.0±0.9, and 24.0±2.4, 37.0±0.4, 29.0±0.8) were lower than the respective control groups (all P<0.01), and the decrease in the COPD group was more significant. Colocalization of AM Arp2 and F-actin: Montessori colocalization coefficient (MOC) (0.38±0.03) in the COPD group was lower than the healthy control group (0.88±0.03, P<0.01); healthy PM2.5 group and COPD PM2.5 group [(0.58±0.03) and (0.14±0.02)] were lower than the respective control groups (both P<0.01), and the decrease in COPD group was more significant. Morphology of AM phagocytosis of FITC-E.coli: AM in the healthy control group was obviously deformed, and the surface of the cell membrane was slightly wrinkled and high, and the free edge of the micro-pleated fold had a long and dense filamentous pseudopodia extension. The changes of morphology of AM in the COPD group was not obvious, the micro-wrinkles on the surface of the cell membrane were rare, and the filopodia poorly extended or even absent. The AM form of the healthy PM2.5 group changed slightly, mostly irregular circular or elliptical. The micro-wrinkles on the surface of the cell membrane were less and flat, and the filopodia protrudes short and less; the AM form of the COPD PM2.5 group was stiff, and the micro-wrinkles on the surface of the cell membrane were few and flat, no obvious filopodia or protrusions. Correlation analysis: After basal state and PM2.5 intervention, AM Arp2, F-actin content and MOC values of Arp2 and F-actin were positively correlated with MFI. Conclusions: The phagocytic function of AM in COPD mice was low, which was related to the abnormal rearrangement of cytoskeleton involved in Arp2/3 complex and F-actin. It was speculated that PM2.5 might inhibit Arp2/3 complex and F-actin. The cytoskeletal rearrangement of proteins was involved in the aggravation of AM phagocytosis in mice with COPD.


Assuntos
Complexo 2-3 de Proteínas Relacionadas à Actina/metabolismo , Macrófagos Alveolares/metabolismo , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Fagocitose/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/metabolismo , Animais , Camundongos , Distribuição Aleatória , Fumaça/efeitos adversos
15.
Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi ; 37(11): 815-819, 2019 Nov 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826544

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the effects of simulated-thermobaric explosive gas on the respiration and nervous system in rats. Methods: 70 of SPF SD rats were randomly divided into four thermobaric explosive gas groups, two restoration observation groups and control group from April to August in 2018. The exposure time of in four thermobaric explosive gas groups were 3.75, 7.5, 15.0 and 30 min, respectively. The restoration observation groups were designed to observe for 30 and 120 min after exposure thermobaric explosive gas 30 min. The bloods were collected and analyzed at the end of exposure and recovery observation. The endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) , nitric oxide (NO) , glutamic acid (GLU) , acetylcholinesterase (AchE) and dopamine (DA) were detected in brain tissues, respectively. Results: The blood gas index (pH, PCO(2), PO(2), COHb, O(2)Hb, MeHbt) and blood electrolytes (Na(+), K(+), Ca(2+) and Cl(-)) in exposure groups have significant differences with these in control (P<0.05) . The pH value decreased with the exposure time longer. However, it basically returned to normal level when terminating exposure for 120 min. The concentration of PCO(2), MeHb and CoHb increased first and then decreased with the exposure time extension. Conversely, The PO(2) and O(2)Hb decreased first and then increased with the exposure time longer. The concentration of endogenous CO, GLU, and AchE decreased and NO increased in exposure group 4 and the restoration observation group 1 compared with those in control (P<0.01) . In addition, there were pathological changes in lung and brain tissue of exposure group, such as inflammatory cell infiltration and edema. Conclusion: The blood gas index, electrolytes, neurotransmitter, histopathology of lung and brain were changed to various degrees by thermobaric bomb gas exposure. These findings would provide some beneficial support for evaluating the damage effect of thermobaric bomb gas on organisms.


Assuntos
Bombas (Dispositivos Explosivos) , Combustíveis Fósseis , Sistema Nervoso , Sistema Respiratório , Animais , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Encefálica/efeitos dos fármacos , Combustíveis Fósseis/toxicidade , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Sistema Nervoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Sistema Respiratório/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Diving Hyperb Med ; 49(4): 253-258, 2019 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828743

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Mesenteric ischaemia results from a lack of adequate blood flow to and oxygenation of the mesentery and intestines. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) on the healing process in intestinal mucosa of rats undergoing mesenteric ischaemia and reperfusion. METHODS: Thirty-two Wistar-Albino rats were divided into four groups of eight: 1) ischaemia/reperfusion (I/R); 2) sham operation; 3) I/R+HBOT started 6 hours after reperfusion; 4) I/R+HBOT started 12 hours after reperfusion. In the I/R groups, a vascular clamp was placed across the superior mesenteric artery to occlude arterial circulation for 60 minutes, followed by reperfusion. A dose of HBOT consisted of 100% oxygen breathing for 90 minutes at 2.5 atmospheres absolute pressure. Thirteen doses of HBOT were administered after ischaemia. The rats were sacrificed on the eighth day, and their intestinal tissues were harvested for histopathologic analysis. The tissue levels of catalase, malondialdehyde, and glutathione were determined. RESULTS: The histopathological scores (HSCORE) were consistent with macroscopic examinations. The scores were significantly higher (worse) in Group 1 compared to Group 2, Group 3, and Group 4 (for all comparisons, P < 0.05). Group 4's HSCORE was significantly higher than those of Group 2 and Group 3 (for both comparisons P < 0.05). Group 3's HSCOREs were only marginally higher than Group 2. Group 3 exhibited higher glutathione levels than Group 1 (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences across the groups with respect to malondialdehyde and catalase levels. CONCLUSION: A beneficial effect of HBOT was observed on oxidative stress and inflammation in acute mesenteric ischaemia-reperfusion.


Assuntos
Oxigenação Hiperbárica , Isquemia Mesentérica , Traumatismo por Reperfusão , Animais , Oxigenação Hiperbárica/métodos , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Isquemia Mesentérica/prevenção & controle , Oxigênio , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle
17.
Urologiia ; (5): 14-21, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31808626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: According to the literature, bacterial count of uropathogens isolated from expressed prostate secretion and urine which is sufficient for a diagnosis of bacterial prostatitis I and II categories, remains contradictory. Undoubtedly, the identification of microorganisms from affected organ in high titers indicates the presence of a relevant infectious-inflammatory process. In turn, there is no consensus on the development of bacterial prostatitis at lower titers of uropathogens. Thus, the aim of our study was to identify and compare the potential features of the development and occurrence of an infectious inflammatory process in the prostate during the reproduction of bacterial prostatitis in an animal model using a low titer of causative uropathogens. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 16 "New Zealand" mature male rabbits aged 24+/-2 weeks old with weight of 3.5+/-0.3 kg were examined. Inoculation was performed via transurethral route, according to the developed experimental technique. E. coli was used as bacterial agent with a count of 1 x 103 CFU/ml, 1 x 105 CFU/ml and 1 x 107 CFU/ml. All animals were randomized into 4 groups of 4 individuals depending on the titer of the inoculated microorganisms (groups 1-3, respectively), group 4 - control (with inoculation by Sol. NaCl 0.9%). Sacrification and vivisection were performed on days 1, 3, 7 and 14 of the control days. Biopsy specimens from the lower urinary tract and internal genital organs of laboratory animals (bladder, urethra, prostatic complex - 6 biopsies #1A-1D, 2A, 2B) were evaluated morphologically and bacteriologically. Analytical evaluation of the experimental data was presented using descriptive statistical methods. RESULTS: In experimental groups (Groups 1-3), bacteriological examination of prostatic complex biopsies showed growth of microflora in all samples in titers of 101-107 CFU / ml. In group 1, the maximum concentration of uropathogen was observed on day 7, compared to day 1 in both groups 2 and 3. In all observed cases, the highest degree of bacterial contamination was noted in the biopsy specimens from paraprostatic tissues and distal part of the prostate, which was 4.0+/-1.7 lg CFU/ml and 3.5+/-1.9 lg CFU/ml, respectively, and the smallest in proximal prostatic loci (1C) and bladder neck (2B) - 3.0+/-1.2 lg COE / ml and 3.0+/-1.7 lg COE / ml, respectively. According to the morphological study, a relevant progression of the suppurative and destructive inflammation (with foci of colliquation necrosis) was identified in group 1 in the biopsies from the prostate with a maximum degree of changes on day 7 with subsequent formation of loose connective tissue proliferation areas by 14 days. This indicates the conversion of the inflammatory process to the chronic stage. These changes corresponded with the results of histopathological studies in groups 2 and 3 where higher titers of bacterial agent were used. In group 4 (control) the commensal flora was bacteriologically determined in the biopsies, but there were no signs of inflammation, according to the results of the morphological study. CONCLUSION: In experimental model, we found that E. coli 103 CFU / ml induces the development of a phasic inflammatory process in the structures of the prostatic complex. These processes resulted in the formation of irreversible proliferative changes. As a consequence, it shold be recommended to consider these signs of contamination when evaluating the results of bacteriological examination of expressed prostate secretion/urine samples during planning treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas , Prostatite , Animais , Progressão da Doença , Escherichia coli , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/patologia , Coelhos , Distribuição Aleatória
18.
Anticancer Res ; 39(12): 6463-6470, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31810910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the efficacy of trabectedin combined with FOLFIRI (irinotecan, leucovorin and 5-fluorouracil) on a colorectal cancer (CRC) patient-derived orthotopic xenograft (iPDOX) mouse model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A CRC tumor from a patient previously established in nude mice was implanted subcutaneously in transgenic green fluorescence protein (GFP)-expressing nude mice in order to label the tumor stromal cells with GFP. Mice were randomized into four groups: Group 1, untreated control; group 2, FOLFIRI; group 3, trabectedin alone; group 4, trabectedin plus FOLFIRI. Tumor width, length, and mouse body weight was measured twice every week. RESULTS: All three treatment groups showed inhibited tumor growth compared to the untreated control group. Only the combination of FOLFIRI and trabectedin arrested tumor growth. No significant changes was observed in body weight in any group. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the combination of trabectedin plus FOLFIRI has clinical potential for patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias Colorretais/tratamento farmacológico , Trabectedina/administração & dosagem , Animais , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Camptotecina/administração & dosagem , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Colorretais/metabolismo , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/farmacologia , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/farmacologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Camundongos Transgênicos , Distribuição Aleatória , Trabectedina/farmacologia , Carga Tumoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
Sheng Li Xue Bao ; 71(6): 839-845, 2019 Dec 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31879739

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) on the long-term depression (LTD) of hippocampus in mice. Sixty C57BL/6J mice (30 days old) were randomly divided into control group, three CGRP (50, 100, and 200 nmol/L) groups, CGRP + CGRP8-37 group and CGRP + APV group (10 mice for each group). The effects of exogenous application of different concentrations of CGRP on synaptic plasticity and LTD in hippocampus of mice were detected by in vitro recording of local field potential. The results showed that higher doses (100 and 200 nmol/L) of CGRP significantly enhanced the induction of LTD in the hippocampus. Moreover, CGRP increased the magnitude of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated excitatory postsynaptic currents. The above-mentioned effects of CGRP were blocked by either CGRP selective antagonist CGRP8-37 or NMDA receptor antagonist APV. These results suggest that CGRP can dose-dependently enhance the induction of LTD in hippocampus of mice, and the underlying mechanism involves the mediation of NMDA receptor function.


Assuntos
Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina , Hipocampo , Animais , Peptídeo Relacionado com Gene de Calcitonina/farmacologia , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão Sináptica de Longo Prazo/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Distribuição Aleatória
20.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(22): 4912-4917, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872600

RESUMO

The aim of this paper was to observe the effect of triptolide( TP) on cardiovascular function and its possible mechanism by intraperitoneal injection of bacterial lipopolysaccharide in rats with endotoxemia. Sixty male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided intonormal group( NC group),endotoxemia model group( LPS group),TP low concentration intervention group( LPS + TP-L group,25 µg·kg~(-1)),TP middle concentration intervention group( LPS+TP-M group,50 µg·kg~(-1)),TP high concentration intervention group( LPS+TP-H group,100 µg·kg~(-1)) and polymyxin B group( LPS+PMX-B group,0. 2 mg·kg~(-1)). 10 mg·kg~(-1) LPS was injected intraperitoneally for 6 h to replicate the endotoxemia rat model. The rats in TP intervention groups were pre-treated 15 min before intraperitoneal injection of LPS. Rats in each group underwent total arterial intubation to measure hemodynamic parameters: heart rate( HR),left ventricular diastolic pressure( LVDP),the maximum rate of the increase/decrease of left ventricular pressure( ±dp/dtmax). The levels of BNP,CK-MB and c Tn-Ⅰ in serum and levels of TNF-α and IL-6 in plasma were detected by ELISA. The contents of p65 protein in myocardium and contents of p65,TLR4,i NOS and e NOS protein in thoracic aorta were detected by Western blot. As compared with NC group,the hemodynamic indexes in LPS group were significantly decreased; the contents of BNP,CK-MB and c Tn-Ⅰ in serum,TNF-α and IL-6 in plasma,p65 in myocardium,i NOS,e NOS,TLR4 and p65 in vascular tissues were significantly increased. As compared with LPS group,the hemodynamic indexes were significantly improved in LPS+TP-M group,LPS+TP-H group and LPS+PMX-B group; the contents of BNP,CK-MB and c Tn-Ⅰ in serum,TNF-α and IL-6 in plasma,p65 in myocardium,i NOS,e NOS,TLR4 and p65 in vascular tissues were significantly decreased in each treatment group. Triptolide has a protective effect on cardiovascular damage in a dose-dependent manner in endotoxemia rats,probably through TLR4/NF-κB p65 signaling pathway to improve endothelial function.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/farmacologia , Endotoxemia , Fenantrenos/farmacologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Receptor 4 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Animais , Endotélio , Compostos de Epóxi/farmacologia , Lipopolissacarídeos , Masculino , NF-kappa B , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Transdução de Sinais , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa
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