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1.
Viruses ; 12(12)2020 11 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33255615

RESUMO

Since the recent epidemics of yellow fever in Angola and Brazil as well as the importation of cases to China in 2016, there has been an increased interest in the century-old enigma, absence of yellow fever in Asia. Although this topic has been repeatedly reviewed before, the history of human intervention has never been considered a critical factor. A two-stage literature search online for this review, however, yielded a rich history indispensable for the debate over this medical enigma. As we combat the pandemic of COVID-19 coronavirus worldwide today, we can learn invaluable lessons from the historical events in Asia. In this review, I explore the history first and then critically examine in depth major hypotheses proposed in light of accumulated data, global dispersal of the principal vector, patterns of YF transmission, persistence of urban transmission, and the possibility of YF in Asia. Through this process of re-examination of the current knowledge, the subjects for research that should be conducted are identified. This review also reveals the importance of holistic approach incorporating ecological and human factors for many unresolved subjects, such as the enigma of YF absence in Asia, vector competence, vector dispersal, spillback, viral persistence and transmission mechanisms.


Assuntos
Aedes/fisiologia , Mosquitos Vetores/fisiologia , Febre Amarela/prevenção & controle , Febre Amarela/transmissão , Aedes/virologia , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Ásia , Humanos , Mosquitos Vetores/virologia , Vírus da Febre Amarela
2.
Zootaxa ; 4894(3): zootaxa.4894.3.3, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311070

RESUMO

Eleven species of the genus Dusungwua Kemal, Kizildag Koçak 2020 in China are reviewed with emendation of the generic charaters. Among them, six new species, Dusungwua antennalveata Ren Li, sp. nov., D. basinigra Ren Li, sp. nov., D. fascecornuta Ren Li, sp. nov., D. paripalpa Ren Li, sp. nov., D. similiquadrangula Ren Li, sp. nov. and D. strictivinculum Ren Li, sp. nov. are described as new to science. Also, the following taxonomic changes are proposed: Eurhodope pseudodichromella Yamanaka, 1980 syn. nov. is synonymized with D. dichromella (Ragonot, 1893), Trachycera nipponella Yamanaka, 2000 syn. nov., Trachycera vicinella Yamanaka, 2000 syn. nov. and Trachycera yakushimensis Yamanaka, 2000 syn. nov. are synonymized with D. paradichromella (Yamanaka, 1980). The female of D. quadrangula (Du, Sung Wu, 2005) is described for the first time. Photos of adults as well as male and female genitalia are provided, along with a key to the Chinese species and a distibution map to show the localities of these species.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
3.
Zootaxa ; 4894(3): zootaxa.4894.3.7, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311074

RESUMO

The species of Syspira Simon from Hispaniola are revised and detailed documentation is provided for all known species from this island. Four new species (Syspira alayoni sp. n., S.  armasi sp. n., S.  barbacoa sp. n., and S.  bryantae sp. n.), and the unknown male of Syspira agujas Brescovit, Sánchez-Ruiz Bonaldo are described. New distribution records were found for three known species (S. agujas, S. cimitarra Brescovit, Sánchez-Ruiz Bonaldo and S.  medialuna Brescovit, Sánchez-Ruiz Bonaldo). The Hispaniolan endemic species Teminius monticola (Bryant, 1948) is transferred to Syspira based on the revision of its holotype. A key for Hispaniola Syspira species is provided. These species can be separated into two distinct groups based on features of the male palpal morphology and female genitalia: the cimitarra group including S. cimitarra, S. jimmyi Brescovit, Sánchez-Ruiz Bonaldo, S. alayoni and S. barbacoa sp. n., and the agujas group including S. agujas, S. medialuna, S. monticola comb. n., S. armasi sp. n. and S. bryantae sp. n.


Assuntos
Aranhas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
4.
Zootaxa ; 4894(3): zootaxa.4894.3.9, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311076

RESUMO

A new species of Notacanthurus Tshernova, 1974 is described based on larvae from India. Notacanthurus pange Vasanth, Selvakumar Subramanian sp. nov. can be distinguished from all known species of Notacanthurus by the following combination of characters: (i) gill lamellae 5-6 with accessory lobe; (ii) dorsal surface of femora with scattered spatulate setae (iii) male genitalia having penis lobes fused, 'V' shaped apically blunt with me-dian pair of spine-like titillators subapically and mesally; (iv) labrum with anterior portion straight and laterally curved; and (v) lingua of hypopharynx apically broad and convex. The distribution map of the new species is also provided.


Assuntos
Ephemeroptera , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Brânquias , Índia , Larva , Masculino , Pênis
5.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.1, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311115

RESUMO

New taxonomic and faunistic data for eight species of Paraphloeostiba Steel, 1960 (Omaliini) from China and Laos are provided. Three new species are described and illustrated: P. ampliata sp.n. (China: Yunnan), P. brancuccii sp.n. (Laos), and P. cooteri sp.n. (China: Zhejiang). A new synonymy is established: P. formosana Shavrin Smetana, 2016 = P. amooraphila Shavrin, 2017 syn.n. Paraphloeostiba opacicollis Steel, 1960 is redescribed, illustrated, and recorded from Laos for the first time. A key to the species of Paraphloeostiba of China and Laos is presented. Previous records of P. apicalis (Cameron, 1925) from China are doubtful; additional material from Indonesia and the Philippines is reported. Paraphloeostiba sulcicollis (Fauvel, 1904) is recorded from China for the first time. New records of Paraphloeostiba are reported: P. apicalis from Mindanao (Philippines), P. formosana Shavrin Smetana, 2016 from mainland China and Vietnam, P. gayndahensis (MacLeay, 1873) from Yunnan, and P. sonani (Bernhauer, 1943) from Myanmar. In addition, four new species of Omaliini are described and illustrated: Nipponophloeostiba longilobata sp.n., Omalium khmericum sp.n., and Phloeostiba assingi sp.n. from northern Laos, and Phloeonomus (Phloeonomus) rougemonti sp.n. from China (Yunnan).


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Laos , Filipinas
6.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.5, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311119

RESUMO

A new Neotropical genus of Ctenidae from the Brazilian Amazon rainforest is described based on male and female characters: Bulboctenus gen. nov. Three new species are described for the genus: Bulboctenus kayapo sp. nov., Bulboctenus itunaitata sp. nov. and Bulboctenus munduruku sp. nov. The genus can be distinguished from other Ctenidae by males with median apophysis oriented horizontally, perpendicular to the tegulum, RTA strongly excavated anteriorly, metatarsi III and IV with bulbous setae ventrally, sternum and coxae with thick setae; and females with median sector of the epigyne hexagonal with two posterior conical projections ventrally and elevated lateral margins. Discussion on the modification on the leg setae across the Neotropical Ctenids species are given.


Assuntos
Aranhas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Brasil , Feminino , Masculino , Floresta Úmida
7.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.7, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311121

RESUMO

Aristotelia barriosi sp. nov. (Veraguas Province, Santa Fe NP), Agnippe tarakanovi sp. nov. (Herrera Province, Sarigua NP) and Chionodes sariguaensis sp. nov. (Herrera Province, Sarigua NP) are described from Panama. Adults and the genitalia of both sexes for all species and the habitats of two latter species are illustrated.


Assuntos
Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Ecossistema , Feminino , Genitália , Masculino , Panamá
8.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.10, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311124

RESUMO

We report for the first time the occurrence of genus Micropeza from Caatinga biome, through the description of M. chiroptera sp. nov. The new species is probably closely related to M. dactyloptera Harterreiten-Souza, Sujii Pujol-Luz, 2014 by the finger-shaped projection on costal vein. A key of Micropeza species with a finger-shaped projection on costal vein and a distribution map of these species are provided.


Assuntos
Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Brasil , Ecossistema
9.
Zootaxa ; 4890(3): zootaxa.4890.3.11, 2020 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311125

RESUMO

Rutaraphes Jaloszynski was proposed for an unusual species discovered on Shikoku, Japan. Rutaraphes shikokuensis Jaloszynski has a unique aedeagus, with an asymmetrical median lobe, lacking parameres, and the diaphragm to which the internal muscles are attached is situated not sub-medially, sub-basally, or basally, as in most genera of Stenichnini, but sub-apically, and nearly transverse in relation to the long axis of the aedeagus. It is here confirmed that this highly unusual structure was not a teratology in the sole known specimen, because the newly described Rutaraphes taiwanicus sp. n. shares similar genital structures. The new species occurs on northern Taiwan, and differs from R. shikokuensis in (among others) male modifications of the head. The new discovery extends the known range of Rutaraphes over 1500 km SW, suggesting that also the islands of the Ryukyus may be inhabited by this rare genus.


Assuntos
Besouros , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Tamanho Corporal , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Taiwan
10.
Zootaxa ; 4881(1): zootaxa.4881.1.3, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311128

RESUMO

An illustrated catalogue of the Palaearctic types of Cleptes species and subspecies described by Walter Linsenmaier is given. All types are currently housed at the Natur-Museum, Luzern, Switzerland. Cleptes laevifacies Linsenmaier, 1999 is confirmed as a member of  the nitidulus species group.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Museus
11.
Zootaxa ; 4881(1): zootaxa.4881.1.10, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311135

RESUMO

Four species of the genus Trichrysis Lichtenstein, 1876 are described from Vietnam as new for science: T. aliciae Wisniowski, sp. nov., T. chamchuensis Wisniowski Nguyen, sp. nov., T. kylan Wisniowski Cuong, sp. nov., and T. raymundi Wisniowski, sp. nov. The species belong to the T. cyanea species group.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Vespas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Vietnã
12.
Zootaxa ; 4881(1): zootaxa.4881.1.12, 2020 Nov 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311137

RESUMO

Polypedilum (Cerobregma) paracyclus sp. n. Qi Song is described based on male imagines collected by light trap in Oriental China. The description is supported by both morphological and DNA barcode evidences. The new species is distinguished from its related congeners in having some atypical morphological characters: tibia and femur dark brown, knees yellow; abdominal segment VII distinctly triangular and tapered towards base; tergite IX broadly sub-trapezoidal, tapering posteriorly, anal tergite bands ending with a characteristic sub-oval area; superior volsella sickle-like shaped with pointed apex; inferior volsella with orally directed dorsal setae; distal inner margin of gonostylus without shortly branched setae.


Assuntos
Chironomidae , Dípteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Cor , Masculino
13.
Zootaxa ; 4878(3): zootaxa.4878.3.11, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311151

RESUMO

Parasadoletus exsertus gen. and sp. nov. (Hemiptera: Heteroptera: Lygaeoidea: Heterogastridae) is described from Mount Glorious, southeastern Queensland, Australia, based on specimens collected associated with a rainforest tree Argyrodendron actinophyllum (F. M. Bailey) Edlin (Malvaceae). The new genus is compared and its relationship with other known genera of the family Heterogastridae elucidated, also comments on host plant associations within this family are provided.


Assuntos
Hemípteros , Heterópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Austrália , Árvores
14.
Zootaxa ; 4878(2): zootaxa.4878.2.10, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311161

RESUMO

The two species of the genus Eurypteryx C. Felder R. Felder, 1874 known from China, E. bhaga and E. dianae (Lepidoptera, Sphingidae, Macroglossinae, Macroglossini) were examined and compared with E. geoffreyi from Thailand. The male E. dianae is described for the first time based on a single specimen from an evergreen broad-leaf forest in Maolan Nature Reserve, Libo, Guizhou, China. The diagnostic features and a distribution map of the species of Eurypteryx in China are provided. A list of all Eurypteryx species presently known worldwide is also given.


Assuntos
Quirópteros , Lepidópteros , Mariposas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , China , Masculino
15.
Zootaxa ; 4878(2): zootaxa.4878.2.12, 2020 Nov 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311163

RESUMO

Brescovit (1993), in the revision of the genus Hibana, described H. talmina, based on males from Venezuela, Colombia, Guyana and northern Brazil. Subsequently, Brescovit Lise (1993) described its female, in an attempt to associate with the male, based on specimens collected in Dominica and Trinidad. Unfortunately, there was no justification for this mating. Recently Galvis et al. (2019) collected several couples of Hibana talmina in mangrove forests in some surrounding areas of Cartagena (Bolívar, Colombia), during a study of predation of crabs on these spiders. The detailed study of these couples showed that there was a wrong mating by Brescovit Lise (1993) and this is corrected here. The original distribution is updated, with the exclusion of Dominica. The females previously assigned to H. talmina are treated here as Hibana labonita sp. nov., which is diagnosed in relation to the other species of Hibana.


Assuntos
Aranhas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
16.
Zootaxa ; 4878(1): zootaxa.4878.1.7, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311171

RESUMO

The species belonging to Reuteria Puton 1875 present in Lodos Entomological Museum, Turkey (LEMT) are reviewed. Up to now, only Reuteria marqueti Puton 1875 and R. winkelmanni Günther Strauss 2018 had been recorded from Turkey. In this study, Reuteria riegeri torosensis ssp. n., R. atalayi sp. n. and R. serratis sp. n. are described as new subspecies and species and from Turkey, respectively. Presence of R. marqueti in Turkey is discussed and considered as doubtful. Consequently, total number of Reuteria species known from Turkey rises to four. Additionally, unknown female of R. winkelmanni is described and illustrated, and an identification key for Reuteria species of Turkey is presented.


Assuntos
Heterópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Museus , Turquia
17.
Zootaxa ; 4878(1): zootaxa.4878.1.10, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311174

RESUMO

Ammophila kowalczyki sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Sphecidae), a new species from Iran, is described and illustrated. In addition, new data on the distribution of six other species of Ammophila are given, among them Ammophila insignis F. Smith, 1856 from the United Arab Emirates, Ammophila laevicollis Ed. André, 1886 and Ammophila terminata F. Smith, 1856 from Spain. Of the other three, Ammophila sarekandana Balthasar, 1957 and Ammophila rauschi Dollfuss, 2013 are reported for the first time from Tajikistan, and Ammophila formosensis Tsuneki, 1971 is reported from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan.


Assuntos
Himenópteros , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Abelhas
18.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.4, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311190

RESUMO

The Einasleigh Uplands bioregion of central north Queensland, Australia, harbours a unique suite of reptiles that have begun to receive significant attention in the last 20 years. This has resulted in a number of new reptile species being described, and recognition that others await description. We describe a new species of Lucasium Wermuth, 1965 from the western Einasleigh Uplands. Lucasium iris sp. nov. is genetically distinct and morphologically diagnosable from all congeners by its large size, long and narrow tail, nares in contact with rostral scale, homogeneous body scales, distinct vertebral stripe, and paired, enlarged, apical subdigital lamellae. It is known from low rocky hills in a localised area of the Gregory Range, has the most restricted known distribution of any Lucasium, and is the only Lucasium endemic to Queensland. The new species appears most closely related to L. steindachneri (Boulenger, 1885), based on mitochondrial DNA sequences, but has a colour-pattern more similar to L. immaculatum Storr, 1988. All three of these species occur in the Einasleigh Uplands, but only L. steindachneri is known to occur in sympatry with L. iris sp. nov. In addition to the description of the new species, we present records of Lucasium immaculatum from the Einasleigh Uplands, which represent a significant known range extension.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Austrália , Ecossistema , Queensland
19.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.5, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311191

RESUMO

The species of the genus Centroctenus can be distinguished from other Ctenidae genera by the presence of a long tibiae and the absence of a retrolateral projection of the cymbium in the male palp, and by the presence of a rounded spermathecae in the female epigynum. The composition of this spider genus is herein expanded to eleven Neotropical species, with the description of six new species: Centroctenus dourados sp. n., C. claudia sp. n., C. chalkidisi sp. n., and C. varzea sp. n., from Brazil; and Centroctenus coloso sp. n. from Colombia and Centroctenus alinahui sp. n. from Ecuador. A map with the distribution of all known species in the genus is presented.


Assuntos
Aranhas , Distribuição Animal , Animais , Feminino , Masculino
20.
Zootaxa ; 4877(2): zootaxa.4877.2.7, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33311193

RESUMO

We describe a new species of diurnal gecko, Gonatodes castanae sp. nov. from the foothills of the Serranía de San Lucas, municipality of Norosí, Department of Bolívar, Colombia. The new species differs from all species in the genus by the combination of the following characters: moderate size, subcaudal scale pattern type B (1'1'1''), typically two rows of lateral scales on the digits, and aspects of color pattern in males (dorsum, flanks, limbs and tail with white ocelli on a black background) and females (dorsum, flanks, limbs and tail with brown to black reticulations and withe spots on a greenish-yellow background). The validity of the new species is also supported by molecular analyses. This species inhabits relicts of riverine forests at about 150 m above sea level (a.s.l.). Gonatodes castanae increases the number of known species in this genus to 34 and the species registered for Colombia to eight.


Assuntos
Lagartos , Distribuição Animal , Estruturas Animais , Animais , Colômbia , Feminino , Florestas , Masculino
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