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1.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 401: 115109, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32544403

RESUMO

Bladder cancer (BCa) is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths worldwide due to its aggressiveness and resistance against therapies. Intricate interactions between cancer cells and the tumor microenvironment (TME) are essential for both disease progression and regression. Thus, interrupting molecular communications within the TME could potentially provide improved therapeutic efficacies. M2-polarized tumor-associated macrophages (M2 TAMs) were shown to contribute to BCa progression and drug resistance. We attempted to provide evidence for ovatodiolide (OV) as a potential therapeutic agent that targets both TME and BCa cells. First, tumor-suppressing functions of OV were determined by cell viability, colony, and tumor-sphere formation assays using a coculture system composed of M2 TAMs/BCa cells. Subsequently, we demonstrated that extracellular vesicles (EVs) isolated from M2 TAMs containing oncomiR-21 and mRNAs, including Akt, STAT3, mTOR, and ß-catenin, promoted cisplatin (CDDP) resistance, migration, and tumor-sphere generation in BCa cells, through increasing CDK6, mTOR, STAT3, and ß-catenin expression. OV treatment also prevented M2 polarization and reduced EV cargos from M2 TAMs. Finally, in vivo data demonstrated that OV treatment overcame CDDP resistance. OV only and the OV + CDDP combination both resulted in significant reductions in mTOR, ß-catenin, CDK6, and miR-21 expression in tumor samples and EVs isolated from serum. Collectively, we demonstrated that M2 TAMs induced malignant properties in BCa cells, in part via oncogenic EVs. OV treatment prevented M2 TAM polarization, reduced EV cargos derived from M2 TAMs, and suppressed ß-catenin/mTOR/CDK6 signaling. These findings provide preclinical evidence for OV as a single or adjuvant agent for treating drug-resistant BCa.


Assuntos
Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/metabolismo , Diterpenos/uso terapêutico , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/metabolismo , beta Catenina/metabolismo , Animais , Carcinogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Cocultura , Quinase 6 Dependente de Ciclina/antagonistas & inibidores , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Exossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Exossomos/metabolismo , Exossomos/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos NOD , Camundongos SCID , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , Plantas Medicinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/patologia , beta Catenina/antagonistas & inibidores
2.
Mar Drugs ; 18(4)2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331404

RESUMO

Further chemical investigation of the EtOAc extract of the soft coral Lobophytum varium resulted in the discovery of eleven new diterpenoids lobovarols F-P (1-11) of lobane- and prenyleudesmane-types, along with two known metabolites (12 and 13). The structures of the new metabolites were established by spectroscopic analyses, including 2D NMR experiments. The absolute configuration of 1 was determined using Mosher's method. The complete assignment of 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopic data of 12 and 13 and the identification of pyran-derived moieties in the prenyleudesmanes were reported for the first time. Anti-inflammatory activities of the isolated compounds in suppressing elastase release and superoxide anion generation in human neutrophils were disclosed for 1, 2, 4, 12, and 13. A stereospecific biosynthesis for lobanes and prenyleudesmanes from the related prenylgermacranes could explain the coexistence of lobanes and prenylgermacranes in L. varium.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Humanos , Neutrófilos/efeitos dos fármacos , Neutrófilos/metabolismo , Elastase Pancreática/metabolismo , Estereoisomerismo , Superóxidos/metabolismo
3.
Molecules ; 25(6)2020 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32204524

RESUMO

Five 8,17-epoxybriaranes, including three new compounds-briarenols I-K (1-3), along with two known analogues, briaexcavatolide P (4) and briaexcavatin P (5), were isolated from the octocoral Briareum excavatum. The structures of briaranes 1-3 were elucidated by spectroscopic methods, including 1D and 2D NMR studies and (+)-HRESIMS. Briarane 4 exerted inhibition effects on inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) release from RAW 264.7.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Células RAW 264.7
4.
Yakugaku Zasshi ; 140(3): 355-362, 2020.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32115552

RESUMO

In our continuing search for secondary metabolites from plants, we investigated the chemical constituents of various Okinawan plants. From the stems and leaves of Croton cascarilloides (Euphorbiaceae), a great number of rare diterpenoids: crotofolanes; crotocascarins A-Q, and new diterpenoids; rearranged nor-crotofolanes: crotocascarins α-γ; a rearranged crotofolane: neocrotocascarin; and a new skeletal diterpenoid: isocrotofolane glucoside were isolated. Their structures were mainly elucidated from NMR spectroscopic evidence. In addition, absolute configurations of crotocascarins A, B, K and O, crotocascarin α and neocrotocascarin were determined by X-ray crystallographic analyses, chiral HPLC analyses of 2-methylbutyric acid in their molecules, application of the circular dichroism rule for the α,ß-unsaturated γ-lactone ring, and the modified Mosher's method. The absolute structures of crotofolanes were reported for the first time, and a biosynthetic mechanism for the formation of crotocascarin α and neocrotocascarin from crotocascarin B was proposed. Other interesting compounds, namely diosmarioside H: a dimeric ent-kaurane glycoside from the leaves of Diospyros maritima, and melionosides A-C: megastigmane glucosides with a spiro-ring structure from the leaves of Meliosma lepidota ssp. squamulata were also isolated.


Assuntos
Croton/química , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Japão , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Solubilidade
5.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 3378, 2020 02 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32099028

RESUMO

Acanthopanax trifoliatus (L.) Merr. (A. trifoliatus) belongs to the family Araliaceae, which is called "Le Cai", and is an indigenous plant to Guangdong Province that has been prevalently planted for years. A. trifoliatus is used in folk medicine and has ginseng-like activity. Kaurenoic acid ((-)-kaur-16-en-19-oic acid, KA) is a kaurane-type diterpenoid that is regarded as a major compound in A. trifoliatus. Early studies have reported the determination of KA by HPLC capillary electrophoresis. However, KA could not be completely separated from other components in the plant extract by HPLC because of their similar molecular structures and physical and chemical properties. UHPLC-MS/MS could be a useful tool to identify and quantify KA. In the present work, a UHPLC-ESI-MS/MS method for determining KA in A. trifoliatus was developed and validated. KA was extracted from lyophilized A. trifoliatus leaves by ultrasound-assisted extraction and further purified by solid phase extraction (SPE). KA was quantified and separated on an Accucore C18 LC column. Mass spectrometry with multi-reaction monitoring (MRM) and quantitative fragment ion/product ion (m/z: 301.3/301.3) in ESI negative mode was used for quantification. The intra-assay and inter-assay relative standard deviation (R.S.D.) were 2.8% and 3.2%, respectively. The inter-person R.S.D. on the same day was 3.6%. The inter-instrument R.S.D. with the same model on the same day was 2.9%. The recoveries evaluated upon spiking three different concentrations of KA were above 97%. A minor matrix effect of 94% was observed. This method has been applied successfully for the determination of KA in A. trifoliatus leaves.


Assuntos
Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão/métodos , Diterpenos/análise , Eleutherococcus/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem/métodos , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Eleutherococcus/metabolismo , Limite de Detecção , Extratos Vegetais/química , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Sonicação
6.
Molecules ; 25(4)2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32075007

RESUMO

ß-Cyclocitral, specifically produced by Microcystis, is one of the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) derived from cyanobacteria and has a lytic activity. It is postulated that ß-cyclocitral is a key compound for regulating the occurrence of cyanobacteria and related microorganisms in an aquatic environment. ß-Cyclocitral is sensitively detected when a high density of the cells is achieved from late summer to autumn. Moreover, it is expected to be involved in changes in the species composition of cyanobacteria in a lake. Although several analysis methods for ß-cyclocitral have already been reported, ß-cyclocitral could be detected using only solid phase micro-extraction (SPME), whereas it could not be found at all using the solvent extraction method in a previous study. In this study, we investigated why ß-cyclocitral was detected using only SPME GC/MS. Particularly, three operations in SPME, i.e., extraction temperature, sample stirring rate, and the effect of salt, were examined for the production of ß-cyclocitral. Among these, heating (60 °C) was critical for the ß-cyclocitral formation. Furthermore, acidification with a 1-h storage was more effective than heating when comparing the obtained amounts. The present results indicated that ß-cyclocitral did not exist as the intact form in cells, because it was formed by heating or acidification of the resulting intermediates during the analysis by SPME. The obtained results would be helpful to understand the formation and role of ß-cyclocitral in an aquatic environment.


Assuntos
Aldeídos/isolamento & purificação , Cianobactérias/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Microcystis/isolamento & purificação , Aldeídos/química , Cianobactérias/química , Cianobactérias/patogenicidade , Diterpenos/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Lagos/microbiologia , Microcystis/química , Microcystis/patogenicidade , Microextração em Fase Sólida , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/química
7.
Environ Toxicol ; 35(6): 707-713, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32023008

RESUMO

Excessive intake of high fat diet (HFD) and associated obese conditions are critical contributors of cardiac diseases. In this study, an active metabolite andrographolide from Andrographis paniculata was found to ameliorate HFD-induced cardiac apoptosis. C57/BL6 mouse were grouped as control (n = 9), obese (n = 8), low dose (25 mg/kg/d) andrographolide treatment (n = 9), and high dose (50 mg/kg/d) andrographolide treatment (n = 9). The control group was provided with standard laboratory chow and the other groups were fed with HFD. Andrographolide was administered through oral gavage for 1 week. Histopathological analysis showed increase in apoptotic nuclei and considerable cardiac-damages in the obese group signifying cardiac remodeling effects. Further, Western blot results showed increase in pro-apoptotic proteins and decrease in the proteins of IGF-1R-survival signaling. However, feeding of andrographolide significantly reduced the cardiac effects of HFD. The results strongly suggest that andrographolide supplementation can be used for prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease in obese patients.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Obesidade/patologia , Andrographis/química , Animais , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Obesos , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Miocárdio/patologia , Obesidade/metabolismo , Obesidade/fisiopatologia , Transdução de Sinais
8.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 68(1): 96-99, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31902905

RESUMO

Chemical investigation of the aerial parts of Andrographis paniculata resulted in isolation of nine compounds, including a new ent-labdane diterpenoid, andrographic acid methyl ester (1), a new chalcone glucoside, pashanone glucoside (5), and seven known metabolites, andrograpanin (2), andrographolide (3), andropanolide (4), andrographidine A (6), andrographidine F (7), 6-epi-8-O-acetyl-harpagide (8), and curvifloruside F (9). Their chemical structures were elucidated based on comprehensive analyses of the spectroscopic data, including NMR and MS. Among the isolated compounds, andropanolide exerted cytotoxicity toward LNCaP, HepG2, KB, MCF7, and SK-Mel2 carcinoma cells, with IC50 values ranging from 31.8 to 45.9 µM. In addition, andropanolide significantly inhibited the overproduction of nitric oxide (NO) in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated RAW264.7 macrophages, with an IC50 value of 13.4 µM.


Assuntos
Andrographis/química , Diterpenos/química , Flavonoides/química , Andrographis/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Flavonoides/isolamento & purificação , Flavonoides/farmacologia , Humanos , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Camundongos , Conformação Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/química , Componentes Aéreos da Planta/metabolismo , Células RAW 264.7
9.
Phytochemistry ; 171: 112234, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31901735

RESUMO

A total of fifteen grayanane diterpenoid glucosides including eight undescribed ones, pierisjaponosides A-H, were isolated from the leaves of Pieris japonica (Thunb.) D. Don ex G. Don (Ericaceae). Their structures were established by extensive spectros copic techniques including HRESIMS and NMR, as well as chemical methods. The absolute configurations of pierisjaponosides A, B, and D were finally established by single-crystal X-ray diffraction with Cu Kα radiation. This is the first time to report the crystal structure of a 5,9-epoxygrayanane diterpenoid glucoside. Pierisjaponoside E represents the first example of a 9ß-hydroxygrayan-1(10)-ene diterpenoid. All the isolated grayanane diterpenoid glucosides were evaluated for their analgesic activities in the acetic acid-induced writhing models in mice, and showed significant analgesic effects. Pierisjaponosides A and C-H, micranthanoside A, pieroside A, and craiobiosides A and B displayed significant analgesic effects with the writhe inhibition rates over 50% at a dose of 5.0 mg/kg. Pierisjaponoside E exhibited significant analgesic activities with the percentage inhibitions of 81.7%, 70.4%, and 52.1% at the doses of 5.0, 1.0, and 0.2 mg/kg, respectively. The preliminary structure-activity relationships of grayanane diterpenoid glucosides as potent analgesics were discussed, giving some clues to design novel analgesics.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Diterpenos/uso terapêutico , Ericaceae/química , Glucosídeos/uso terapêutico , Dor/tratamento farmacológico , Compostos Fitoquímicos/uso terapêutico , Ácido Acético , Analgésicos/química , Analgésicos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Glucosídeos/química , Glucosídeos/isolamento & purificação , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Dor/induzido quimicamente , Medição da Dor , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
10.
J Mycol Med ; 30(1): 100927, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31983544

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Medicinal plants extracts and plant-derived compounds are one of the natural sources for discovering new antifungal agents, the objectives of this work were to investigate for the first time the antidermatophytic, antipathogenic activities of methanol, acetone extracts, and essential oil of Marrubium vulgare L. grown in Tunisia and its active compound marrubiin on pathogenic for animals and humans, such as some dermatophytes and pathogenic for plants, and to evaluate antioxidant activities of different extracts with consideration to their chemical compositions. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Acetone and methanol extracts were evaluated by HPLC, the essential oil was also analyzed by GC/MS. PCL assay was used to determine the antioxidant activity. RESULTS: Results showed that methanol and acetone extracts exhibited a significant antioxidant activity (261.41 and 272.90µmol TE/g respectively), while the lowest one was observed in the case of marrubiin and essential oil. The antifungal activity of different extracts, marrubiin and essential oil at two concentrations (20 and 100µg/mL) were screened against the dermatophytes fungi Microsporum gypseum, Microsporum canis, Arthroderma cajetani, Trichophyton mentagrophytes, Trichophyton tonsurans, Epidermophyton floccosum and against two fungi strains (Botrytis cinerea, Pythium ultimum). Among tested extracts, marrubiin at 100µg/mL showed about 50% inhibition for T. mentagrophytes and E. floccosum. The anti-phytopathogenic activity was also carried out, only marrubiin had in activity against B. cinerea at the highest dose (32.40%), while methanol extract of M.vulgare and marrubiin are able to increase the mycelial growth of P. ultimum at the highest concentration (45.15 and 40.30% respectively). CONCLUSION: In our study, we conclude that M.vulgare and marrubiin can be used as natural antioxidants and antifungal agent for treatment of skin dermatophyte infections.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Arthrodermataceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Marrubium/química , Animais , Antifúngicos/isolamento & purificação , Antioxidantes/isolamento & purificação , Arthrodermataceae/classificação , Arthrodermataceae/patogenicidade , Dermatomicoses/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatomicoses/microbiologia , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Epidermophyton/efeitos dos fármacos , Epidermophyton/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Humanos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Microsporum/efeitos dos fármacos , Microsporum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Óleos Voláteis/química , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Óleos Vegetais/química , Óleos Vegetais/farmacologia , Trichophyton/efeitos dos fármacos , Trichophyton/crescimento & desenvolvimento
11.
Phytochemistry ; 170: 112198, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31765875

RESUMO

Fungal endophytes from plants are an important source for discovery of novel bioactive natural products. In this study, five undescribed harziane diterpenoids with a 4/7/5/6 tetracyclic scaffold, harzianols F‒J and three known derivatives, were obtained from the liquid fermentation of an endophytic fungus Trichoderma atroviride B7, which was isolated from the healthy flower of a Lamiaceae plant Colquhounia coccinea var. mollis. Their structures were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and X-ray crystallographic diffraction in the case of harzianol F. Harzianol I exhibited significant antibacterial effect against the growth of Staphylococcus aureus (EC50 = 7.7 ± 0.8 µg/mL), Bacillus subtilis (EC50 = 7.7 ± 1.0 µg/mL), and Micrococcus luteus (EC50 = 9.9 ± 1.5 µg/mL). Meanwhile, cytotoxic activity of harzianol I against three cancer cell lines was also observed. A plausible biosynthetic pathway for harziane diterpenoids was proposed.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Lamiaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Trichoderma/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Bacillus subtilis/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Micrococcus luteus/efeitos dos fármacos , Conformação Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Fitoterapia ; 140: 104431, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31759031

RESUMO

Two novel heptanornemoralisin-type diterpenoids nornemoralisins A (1) and B (2), together with two known compounds nemoralisin (3) and nemoralisin A (4), were isolated from the stem bark and leaves of Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R. Parker. Their structures were established through comprehensive analyses of NMR spectroscopic data and high resolution mass spectrometric (HR-ESI-MS) data. The absolute configurations of carbon stereocenters were elucidated by circular dichroism (CD) analyses. The four compounds were tested for their potential cytotoxic effects against ACHN, HeLa, SMMC-7721, and MCF-7 cell lines. Nornemoralisins A (1) and B (2) exhibited significant cytotoxicity on ACHN with an IC50 value of 13.9 ± 0.8 and 10.3 ± 0.4 µM, respectively, and other compounds failed to reveal obvious cytotoxicity on the tested cell lines, compared to positive control vinblastine (IC50, 28.0 ± 0.9 µM).


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Meliaceae/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , China , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Casca de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/química
13.
Chem Biodivers ; 17(1): e1900600, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793197

RESUMO

Four new hetisine-type C20 -diterpenoid alkaloids, named as coreanines A-D (1-4), were isolated from the roots of Aconitum coreanum, together with thirteen known alkaloids (5-17). Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods including IR, HR-ESI-MS and NMR techniques. All the isolated compounds were screened for the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitory effects, and none of them showed considerable inhibitory activity.


Assuntos
Acetilcolinesterase/metabolismo , Aconitum/química , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Inibidores da Colinesterase/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Raízes de Plantas/química , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Inibidores da Colinesterase/química , Inibidores da Colinesterase/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Electrophorus , Estrutura Molecular
14.
J Chromatogr A ; 1612: 460621, 2020 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635786

RESUMO

Crocetane and phytane are two isoprenoids isomers with similar molecular structures and often present together in methane-seep sediments and some Palaeozoic crude oils. Their commonly co-elution on gas chromatography is challenging for quality and quantity analysis, making it impossible to determine their compound-specific isotopic composition, and thus, insight their geological and geochemical significance. A new gas chromatography method is reported here using a DB-17MS column (50%-phenyl-methyl polysiloxane as the stationary phase) that successfully achieved baseline separation of crocetane and phytane and can be used to accurately identify and quantify them on gas chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Routine steroids and terpenoids biomarkers can also be analysed simultaneously. Additionally, their compound-specific carbon isotopic compositions were also measured without matrix influence using this method. This is the first time that a simple chromatographic method for direct determination of compound-specific carbon isotopic composition of crocetane has been reported publicly.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/química , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas/métodos , Isótopos de Carbono/análise , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Esteroides/análise , Terpenos/análise
15.
Phytochemistry ; 170: 112217, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812109

RESUMO

Twelve ent-abietane and two ent-pimarane diterpenoids were isolated from the leaves of Croton mubango Müll. Arg. (Euphorbiaceae) collected in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. 2ß-Hydroxy-ent-abieta-7,13-dien-3-one, 15-hydroxy-ent-abieta-7,13-dien-3-one, 13α,15-dihydroxy-ent-abieta-8(14)-en-3-one, 2ß,9,13-trihydroxy-ent-abieta-7-en-3-one, 2ß,7ß-dihydroxy-ent-abieta-8,11,13-trien-3-one, 15-hydroxy-ent-abieta-8,11,13-trien-3-one and ent-pimara-8(14),15-dien-3-one and the ent-forms of the previously reported normal series diterpenoids, ent-abieta-8,11,13-trien-3-one, 7ß-hydroxy-ent-abieta-8,11,13-trien-3-one, 3α-hydroxy-ent-abieta-8,11,13-triene, 15-hydroxy-ent-abieta-8,11,13-triene and 6ß-hydroxy-ent-abieta-8,11,13-triene are reported here for the first time. Structures were established using HRESIMS, FTIR, NMR, DP4+ probability calculations and by comparison of the experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Ent-pimara-8(14), 15-dien-3-one, showed antiproliferative activity against melanoma (MALME-3M), renal (UO-31) and ovarian cancer cell lines (IGROV1) at a concentration of 10-5 M in the NCI 60 screen.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Euphorbiaceae/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Conformação Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(3): 385-389, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30669862

RESUMO

Ten briarane-type diterpenoids (1-10), including one new stereoisomer 17-epi-junceellolide B (1), were isolated from the MeOH extract of the Vietnamese gorgonian Junceella fragilis. Their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic experiments including 1D and 2D NMR, and HR-QTOF-MS. In addition, the in vitro cytotoxic activity against eight human cancer cell lines (LNCaP, HepG2, KB, MCF-7, SK-Mel2, HL-60, LU-1 and SW480) of all isolated compounds was evaluated by SRB assays.


Assuntos
Antozoários/química , Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/isolamento & purificação , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Análise Espectral/métodos , Vietnã
17.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(3): 405-412, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30406671

RESUMO

Neogenkwanine I (1), a new daphnane-type diterpene with 4,7-ether group, along with four known ones (2-5), were isolated from Daphne genkwa. The structure including absolute configurations of 1 was established on the basis of NMR, 13C-NMR and ECD calculations and CD exciton chirality analysis. 13C-NMR and ECD calculations of daphnane-type diterpenes were reported here for the first time. All of the diterpenes were screened for their cytotoxic activities against MCF-7 and Hep3B cell lines. The cytotoxicity structure- activity relationship of compounds was illustrated with the absence of ortho-ester group of daphnane-type diterpenes.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Daphne/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Flores/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citotoxinas/isolamento & purificação , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Estrutura Molecular , Teoria Quântica , Estereoisomerismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(6): 790-796, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445862

RESUMO

A new dolabellane diterpenoid, clavirolide H (1), together with eleven known compounds, including two dolabellane diterpenoid (2 and 3), a rare cavernosine-type C17 γ-lactone terpenoid (4), a diketopiperazine (5) and seven sterols (6-12), were isolated from the Xisha sponge Fascaplysinopsis reticulata. Their structures were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic analysis, and the four types of compounds of the above isolates were reported from the genus Fascaplysinopsis for the first time. Selected compounds 1, 4-6 and 9-12 were evaluated for cytotoxic activities against K562, HL-60, Hela, HCT-116, A549, L-02 and BEL-7402 cell lines. Compounds 4-6 and 10-12 showed potent cytotoxicitives against HL-60 with IC50 values ranging from 8.8 to 12.4 µM. Compounds 4 and 5 exhibited weak cytotoxic activities against HeLa with IC50 of 20.7 and 27.4 µM, and 5 also has moderate cytotoxicity against HCT-116 with IC50 of 16.3 µM.[Figure: see text].


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/isolamento & purificação , Citotoxinas/isolamento & purificação , Poríferos/química , Animais , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Citotoxinas/química , Citotoxinas/farmacologia , Dicetopiperazinas/isolamento & purificação , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Esteróis/isolamento & purificação , Terpenos/isolamento & purificação
19.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(8): 1053-1060, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30584768

RESUMO

Two new marine natural compounds, 3ß-acetoxy-15-hydroxyspongia-12-en (1) and 3-methylspongia-3,12-dien-16-one (2), were isolated from the marine sponge Acanthodendrilla sp., collected in Pulau-Pulau. Compounds 1 and 2 represent new chemical entities of the known spongian diterpene family. Compound 1 is a new 3-acetoxyspongia and compound 2 presents an unreported rearranged 3-methylspongia-3-en. Their structures, including relative configurations, were fully elucidated based on 1D and 2D NMR analyses, as well as HRESTOFMS experiments. No significant bioactivities were found for these compounds. This work reports two new chemical structures, compounds 1 and 2, together with the first isolation of spongian diterpenes from Acanthodendrilla genus.


Assuntos
Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Poríferos/química , Animais , Diterpenos/química , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular
20.
Phytochemistry ; 169: 112184, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678787

RESUMO

An extensive phytochemical investigation on the chemical constituents from the needles and twigs of the vulnerable conifer Pseudotsuga sinensis yielded 19 diterpenoids and 21 sesquiterpenoids with various carbocyclic skeletons. Among them, 13 (named pseudosinins A-M, resp.) were undescribed compounds. Their structures with absolute configurations were characterized by a combination of spectroscopic methods, calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) data, quantum chemical calculations of the chemical shifts, and single crystal X-ray diffraction analyses. In particular, an array of labdane-derived norditerpenoids with C19-, C18-, and C16-skeletons, and related drimane-type sesquitepenoids with C15- and C13-skeletons were found in the title plant. The possible biogenetic relationships of these degraded terpenoids were briefly discussed. Among the isolates, pseudosinin D, cis-communic acid, and 4ß,15-dihydroxy-19-norabieta-8,11,13-trien-7-one showed moderate inhibitory activities against the enzyme ATP-citrate lyase (ACL), a potential drug target for the treatment of hyperlipidemia and hypercholesterolemia.


Assuntos
ATP Citrato (pro-S)-Liase/antagonistas & inibidores , Diterpenos/farmacologia , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Pseudotsuga/química , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , ATP Citrato (pro-S)-Liase/metabolismo , China , Cristalografia por Raios X , Diterpenos/química , Diterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/isolamento & purificação , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , NF-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , NF-kappa B/biossíntese , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos/química , Sesquiterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
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