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5.
Cir Cir ; 87(5): 595-599, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31448776

RESUMO

The Royal College of Surgery of New Spain, in Mexico City, was established by decree of King Carlos III, in Spain, on March 17, 1768. Two surgeons from the Royal Colleges of Surgery of Cádiz and Barcelona were sent to the new continent, to start the activities of this school. The peninsular Spanish surgeons brought with them the most recent knowledge of European surgery, as well as more rational methods in the surgical treatment of some diseases. The Royal College of Surgery allowed to regulate and professionalize the practice of Surgery in New Spain.


Assuntos
Cirurgia Geral/educação , Faculdades de Medicina/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , História do Século XVIII , Cooperação Internacional , México , Espanha , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/educação
9.
World Neurosurg ; 128: 398-402, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31096031

RESUMO

Sir Ludwig Guttmann's pioneering work in the treatment of spinal injury not only improved the care for patients with paraplegia up to now but revolutionized basic principles of neurorehabilitation. A wide selection of publications honors the personal and academic life of this singular German neurologist and neurosurgeon of Jewish descent. When the Nazis came into power, Guttmann was dismissed from his hospital workplace, humiliated, and later forced to leave Germany. Surprisingly, after the Second World War, the psychiatrist Friedrich Panse, who had been a member of the Nazi party, initiated Guttmann's academic rehabilitation up to his nomination as emeritus professor of Cologne University in 1964. The present article recounts the difficult academic restitution and poses the question why Guttmann sought to re-establish connections to Germany, a country that had expelled him so harshly some decades before.


Assuntos
Reabilitação Neurológica/história , Neurologia/história , Neurocirurgia/história , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/reabilitação , Esportes para Pessoas com Deficiência/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , Alemanha , História do Século XX , II Guerra Mundial
11.
Hautarzt ; 70(6): 462-467, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31065735

RESUMO

Johann Heinrich Rille, also characterized as a renowned nestor of German-speaking dermatovenereology, was named as extraordinary professor for syphilis and skin diseases in Leipzig in 1902, the second oldest university in Germany. Although the chair of dermatology was promised this was postponed for many years, not only because of World War I but also due to an ongoing struggle for dermatology to be accepted as an independent specialty in Germany. Finally, in 1919, the long overdue promotion to full professor was granted. Rille commented on this as "successful partial coping with the ordeal of German dermatology in Leipzig".


Assuntos
Dermatologia/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , Dermatopatias/história , Sífilis/história , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos , Masculino
13.
Adv Physiol Educ ; 43(2): 134-139, 2019 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933538

RESUMO

Dr. James McCune Smith, the first African-American to obtain a medical degree, has a remarkable legacy of historical proportions, yet his immense impact on society remains relatively unknown. He may be most celebrated for his effectiveness in abolitionist politics, however, his pioneering influence in medicine is equally remarkable. As examples, McCune Smith pioneered the use of medically based statistics to challenge the notion of African-American racial inferiority. He scientifically challenged the racial theories promoted in Thomas Jefferson's Notes on the State of Virginia (Jefferson T., 1832), and he was a harsh critic of phrenology (study of the shape and size of the cranium as a supposed indication of character and mental abilities). Furthermore, notwithstanding being denied entry to America's universities and medical societies because of his race, McCune Smith became a giving physician to orphans, an accomplished statistician, medical author, and social activist who worked to end slavery. His pioneering work debunked doubts about the ability of African-Americans to transition into free society. Specifically, he used his training in medicine and statistics to refute the arguments of slave owners and prominent thought leaders that African-Americans were inferior and that slaves were better off than free African-Americans or white urban laborers. Frederick Douglass, narrator of the Anti-Slavery Movement, cited Dr. James McCune Smith as the single most important influence on his life. Dr. McCune Smith, along with Frederick Douglass, Gerrit Smith, John Brown and other intellectual pioneers of the time, were instrumental in making the elimination of slavery possible.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , Médicos/história , Relações Raciais/história , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Masculino
15.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 4-16, ene.-feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-991321

RESUMO

RESUMEN Introducción: el desarrollo histórico de las Ciencias Médicas en la provincia de Matanzas ha estado indisolublemente unido a los profesionales de la salud que han tenido el honor de participar en la formación de las nuevas generaciones. Convirtiéndose así en protagonistas de la educación médica superior. Han transcurrido 50 años desde sus inicios en la provincia. Aunque en diversos artículos sobre el tema, se destacan nombres de algunos de sus profesores, no aparece una relación de manera organizada con el aporte de cada docente a la Educación Médica Superior en la provincia. Los autores consideran que la historia debe quedar escrita para que pueda ser consultada y conocida, y, sí en su escritura se cuenta con la presencia de sus protagonistas, adquiere entonces un carácter relevante. Objetivo: escribir este artículo ha sido el propósito del grupo de Ciencias Médicas de la Asociación de Pedagogos, que incluye además de sus nombres, una síntesis de sus principales aportes. Material y métodos: se utilizaron métodos del nivel teórico y del empírico como la revisión de documentos y las entrevistas. Resultados: en este trabajo se realizó un corte hasta noviembre del año 2018, por conmemorarse en el próximo enero el 50 aniversario de la Educación Médica Superior, en Matanzas. Se presentaron los aportes de 81 personalidades con sus síntesis biográficas, todos ellos considerados profesores de alto prestigio en Matanzas. Conclusiones: se presentó las síntesis biográficas de 81 personalidades de las ciencias médicas, de alto prestigio en Matanzas para contribuir al conocimiento de la historia de la docencia médica en la provincia.


ABSTRACT Introduction: the historical development of the Medical Sciences in the province of Matanzas has been indivisibly linked to the health staff that has had the honor of participating in training the new generations of health professionals, therefore becoming protagonists of the High Medical Education. Fifty years have passed since its beginning in the province. Although the names of some of them are highlighted in several articles on the theme, there is not an organized record with the contribution of each member of the teaching staff to High Medical Education in the province. The authors considered that the history should be written for it to be consulted and known; and if history is written by the protagonists themselves, it gets a more relevant character. Objective: to write this article has been the purpose of the Medical Sciences group of the Pedagogues Association. Besides the referred professionals´ name, it includes a synthesis of their main contributions. Material and methods: there were used methods of the theoretical and the empirical level like documental review and interviews. Results: November 2018 was the last date taken into account because next January will be commemorated the 50th anniversary of high medical education in Matanzas. The contributions of 81 personalities and their biographical syntheses are presented; all of the cited personalities are considered highly prestigious professors in Matanzas. Conclusions: the biographical syntheses of 81 personalities of the medical sciences with high prestige in the province of Matanzas were presented, to contribute to the knowledge of medical teaching in the province.


Assuntos
História do Século XX , Educação Médica/história , Educação Profissionalizante/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais
16.
Rev. medica electron ; 41(1): 1-8, ene.-feb. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1046720

RESUMO

El 6 de enero de 1969 se distingue en la provincia de Matanzas por ser el inicio de la docencia médica superior en la Provincia, al arribar a la misma 32 estudiantes del sexto año de la carrera de medicina, al frente de la vice dirección docente en la Provincia de Matanzas se encontraba entonces el doctor Armando Amable Pancorbo Pancorbo , especialista en Pediatría, quien entre otras funciones dirigió todo este proceso y le dedicó todos su esfuerzos, por sus cualidades humanas y revolucionarias le fueron asignadas múltiples funciones a lo largo de su vida profesional, algunas relacionadas con su especialidad, otras de más impacto en el desarrollo de la Educación Médica Superior lo cual es estimado como uno de sus mayores logros. Se considera que es esta una merecida semblanza de quien dedicó su vida a la salud pública en Matanzas y quien fuera querido y admirado por sus compañeros, por sus pacientes, por sus estudiantes y por su familia. A todos dedicó todo su amor.


January 6th 1969 is a notorious date in the province of Matanzas because high medical education began that day in the province with the arrival of 32 sixth-year students of the medicine curriculum. The teaching vice-direction in the province of Matanzas was then headed by Doctor Armando Amable Pancorbo Pancorbo, specialist in Pediatrics, who directed the starting process and devoted his efforts to it. Due to his human and revolutionary qualities, he was assigned many responsibilities through his long professional life, some of them related to his specialty and others related to the development of the high medical education, estimated as one of his highest achievements. Be this a deserved biographical sketch for a people who consecrated his life to public health in the province of Matanzas, and who was loved and admired by his coworkers, his patients, his students and by the members of his family. He devoted his love to all of them.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Pediatria/história , Educação Médica/história , Docentes de Medicina/história , Internato e Residência/história
19.
Clin Anat ; 32(4): 489-500, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30664272

RESUMO

At the beginning of the 19th century, there were only five medical schools in America. The Medical Department of Transylvania University in Lexington, Kentucky, was the first in the West; however, it had few students or faculty until it was restructured in 1815. In 1817-1818, three of its faculty members (Benjamin Dudley, Daniel Drake, and William Richardson) quickly developed a highly dysfunctional relationship. Dudley tried to have Richardson fired, with Drake blocking this. Drake then criticized Dudley's performance of a coroner's autopsy, resulting in both parties publishing derogatory comments about each other. Dudley then challenged Drake to a pistol duel but Drake, not believing in dueling, declined. Richardson, wanting to defend his friend's honor, accepted the challenge and was mortally wounded in August 1818. Dudley, a prominent surgeon, saved his life. Both Dudley and Richardson were important Kentuckian Freemasons and the brotherhood felt compelled to punish them for un-Masonic behavior. Drake left and started his own medical school in Cincinnati in 1819, in direct completion with and destabilizing Transylvania's school. This saga is dissected in the context of the bizarre history of dueling as part of the Code of Honor by which gentlemen in the Old South often resolved their differences. The essay analyzes the autopsy dispute and reviews politics within the medical school, the University, and newer competing medical schools. Transylvania's medical school was recognized as one of the best in the US during the first half of the 1800s, but by 1859, it had permanently closed its doors. Clin. Anat. 32:489-500, 2019. © 2019 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.


Assuntos
Cultura , Docentes de Medicina/história , Relações Interpessoais/história , Faculdades de Medicina/história , Autopsia , Violação de Sepulturas , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Kentucky , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/terapia
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