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4.
S Afr J Commun Disord ; 66(1): e1-e9, 2019 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31038330

RESUMO

BACKGROUND:  Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in children and is generally identified and diagnosed during the preschool years. Preschool learners with ADHD are at risk of developing emergent literacy difficulties, crucial for the development of reading and writing. Many teachers have insufficient training to identify and address barriers to learning, such as ADHD. AIM:  The aim of this article was to report on the process followed in the development of a specific support programme for Grade R teachers on ADHD and on the piloting of the programme. METHOD:  An adapted version of the intervention research model provided the structure and phases for the development, implementation and evaluation of the support programme. Current literature on ADHD training programmes, adult learning principles and Bronfenbrenners' ecosystemic framework was explored to develop the programme, training material, manual and method of presentation (Phase 1). Workshops were presented to 65 Grade R teachers working in an urban and semi-rural context (Phase 2). Participants were made aware of the symptoms of ADHD, and early identification and management of specific barriers to learning, such as ADHD, in order to reduce the risk of educational complications. Participants provided feedback (Phase 3) on the training, training material and manner of presentation following the workshops. RESULTS:  The results obtained in phases 1 and 2 of the adapted intervention research model included the compilation of the information presented in the workshops and the training manual, as well as the instructional phase and piloting of the programme. The results obtained for Phase 3 include a summary of the feedback provided by the Grade R teachers on how they experienced the training. Participants' feedback confirmed that the programme was valued and that their training expectations were met. CONCLUSION:  The intervention research model provided a valuable structure for the development and piloting of a specific support programme. This study can be replicated, and may pave the way for future support programmes for teachers. Capacity building of teachers is of the utmost importance in raising education standards in South Africa.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade , Docentes/educação , Transtorno do Deficit de Atenção com Hiperatividade/reabilitação , Docentes/psicologia , Retroalimentação , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Alfabetização , Projetos Piloto , Instituições Acadêmicas
5.
Cuad. psicol. deporte ; 19(2): 83-101, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183271

RESUMO

Según la Teoría de la Autodeterminación (Deci y Ryan, 1985, 2002), el estilo interpersonal que utilice el educador puede tener un fuerte impacto en la motivación de los estudiantes. Los objetivos de este artículo fueron: (I) explicar la justificación y desarrollo de un programa de formación basado en esta teoría para promover el apoyo a la autonomía; (II) describir el protocolo de estudio y los procedimientos de evaluación del programa de formación; y (III) probar la integridad del protocolo de estudio para una futura intervención. De un total de 40 docentes de educación física, se asignarán 20 a un grupo de intervención o a un grupo control (n = 20). Durante un período de 8 semanas, los docentes del grupo de intervención completarán un programa de formación en apoyo a la autonomía a través de varias fases. Se evaluarán indicadores que caracterizan el estilo interpersonal de apoyo a la autonomía de forma cualitativa y cuantitativa, tanto al docente como al estudiante. La recogida de los datos de la línea base cuantitativa se llevará a cabo un mes antes del inicio de la intervención y un mes después de la finalización del período de intervención. Los datos cuantitativos se analizarán mediante análisis multinivel. Para explorar las percepciones del programa de formación, también se llevará a cabo un seguimiento a través de entrevistas semiestructuradas con docentes y miembros de la clase, de cuatro a seis semanas después del final de la intervención. Este estudio cuenta con la aprobación del Comité de Ética de las instituciones participantes. Los hallazgos del estudio se difundirán a través de revistas de impacto científico y presentaciones en conferencias sobre la temática de estudio de carácter internacional


No disponible


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Autonomia Pessoal , Educação Física e Treinamento , Docentes/psicologia , Motivação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados não Aleatórios como Assunto , Apoio Social , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Docentes/educação
6.
Cuad. psicol. deporte ; 19(2): 135-146, mayo 2019. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183275

RESUMO

El objetivo de esta investigación fue crear un instrumento de observación en el contexto del balonmano playa para analizar las acciones del portero ante los lanzamientos de los atacantes. La herramienta ha sido diseñada ad hocmediante un sistema mixto de formatos de campo y sistema de categorías exhaustivas y mutuamente excluyentes (E/ME). Está constituida por 11 criterios y 85 categorías, destacando entre ellas el jugador que lanza, el tipo de lanzamiento, la acción defensiva realizada para dificultar ese lanzamiento y la acción del portero para intentar repelerlo. Se ha realizado un análisis de Calidad del Dato y un análisis de Generalizabilidad, se ha realizado un procedimiento de concordancia consensuada. Además, se han estimado los coeficientes de correlación Pearson, Spearman, Tau b de Kendall y el índice Kappa de Cohen. Los resultados han mostrado índices adecuados de correlación (≤ 0,936) y Kappa de Cohen (≤ 0,906). Los resultados obtenidos en el análisis de Generalizabilidad son también excelentes, resultando unos coeficientes G relativo y G absoluto de 0,985, en la concordancia interobservador, y de 0.998, en la concordancia intraobserbador. En conjunto, los datos presentados en este trabajo ponen de relieve una elevada validez, precisión y fiabilidad de las observaciones efectuadas con la herramienta analizada


The objectives of this research were to create an instrument of observation to analyze the actions of the goalkeeper in handb all beach and determine the reliability of the observers, assessing the goodness of the categories and estimating the minimum number of sessions necessary to generalize with precision. The tool ad hoc has been designed using a mixed system of field format an d a system of categories, exhaustive and mutually exclusive (E / ME). It is made up of 11 criteria and 85 categorie s . The results have shown adequate correlation rates ( ≤ 0 , 936) and Cohen's Kappa ( ≤ 0 , 906). The results obtained in the Generalizability analysis are also excellent, resulting in relative G coefficients and absolute G of 0 , 985, in the interobserver agreem ent, and 0.998, for the intraobserver agreement. Overall, the results presented in this work highlight the high validity, accuracy and reliability of the observations made with the tool analyzed


Os objectivos deste trabalho foram a criação de um instrumento de observação para analisar as acções do guarda redes de andeb ol de praia e determinar a fiabilidade dos observadores, valorizando a bondade das categorias e estimar o número mínimo de sessões necessárias para generalizar com precisão. A ferramenta foi desenhada com base ad hoc mediante um sistema misto de formato de campo e sistema de categorias, exaustivas e mutuamente exclusivas (E/ME). Ela é co mposta por 11 critérios e 85 categorias. Os resultados obtidos demonstram índices adequados de relação ( ≤ 0,936) e Kappa de Cohen ( ≤ 0,906). Os resultados obtidos na análise da generalização são excelentes também, resultando coeficientes G relativo e G abs oluto de 0,985, no acordo interobservador, e de 0,998 para o acordo inter - observador. De maneira geral, os resultados apresentados neste trabalho revelam uma alta validade, precisão e fiabilidade das observações efectuadas com esta ferramente analizada


Assuntos
Humanos , Projetos de Pesquisa , Esportes/psicologia , Técnicas de Observação do Comportamento/métodos , Generalização (Psicologia) , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto/instrumentação , Docentes/psicologia , Educação Física e Treinamento/métodos
7.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 29(2): 239-250, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31011272

RESUMO

Background: The utilization of health services is an important policy concern in most developing countries. Many staff and students do not utilize the health services within the university system despite the availability of good quality services. This study investigated the provider-related factors related to utilization of university health service by staff and students in a privately owneduniversity in Nigeria. Methods: The perception of the quality of a university health service was investigated among a cross-section of 600 university staff and students who were selected by a stratified random sampling scheme. A self-administered questionnaire-based study was conducted. The structure, process and output predictors of utilization of the university health facility were assessed. Data analysis was carried out using Stata I/C 15.0. Results: The average age of the participants was 22.93±7.58 years. About two-thirds of them did not have opinion about the mortality and morbidity rates at the university health center. Significant proportions of the participants reported good perceptions about the structure and process quality of service indicators. Utilization of the university health center was predicted by some structure and process indicators namely; the availability/experience of staff (AOR 2.44; CI 1.67-3.58), the organization of healthcare (AOR 1.64; CI 1.11-2.41), the continuity of treatment (AOR 1.74; CI 1.12-2.70) and the waiting time (AOR 0.41; CI 0.28-0.61). Conclusion: The utilization of university health services was predicted by availability/experience of staff, the organization of healthcare, the waiting time and the continuity of care. The structure-process-outcome approach discriminates between the students and staff who utilize the university health center and those who donot. It also suggests a complex interplay of factors in the prediction of choice of a health facility.


Assuntos
Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços de Saúde para Estudantes/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde para Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Docentes/psicologia , Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Nigéria , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Estudantes/psicologia , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Rev. pesqui. cuid. fundam. (Online) ; 11(3): 672-679, abr.-maio 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-988575

RESUMO

Objective: The study's goal has been to characterize the professors from the health field on sociodemographic aspects, academic formation and both religion and spirituality indexes. Methods: It is a descriptive-exploratory study with a quantitative approach, which was carried out with 34 health professors from a Higher Education Institution, in Teresina city, Piauí State, Brazil, from December/2015 to May/2016. Questionnaires were applied with sociodemographic variables and academic training, in addition to three scales of both religion and spirituality. The data was handled in the SPSS® software. Results: It was evidenced the predominance of women, age group of 45 years old on average, married, catholic, with an average of 18 years of professional performance and specializations in different areas. It was also observed a strong influence of both spiritual and religious factors related to the beliefs, spiritual and daily well-being of the professors inserted in academic practices. Conclusion: The influence of religious, spiritual and spiritual well-being corroborates the need for reflections with regards to the new methodological proposals in Higher Education Institutions, then considering the professors' performance towards health students within the academic practice framework


Objetivo: Caracterizar os docentes da área da saúde sobre aspectos sociodemográficos, formação acadêmica e índices de religião e espiritualidade. Métodos: Estudo quantitativo, realizado com 34 docentes da saúde de uma Instituição de Ensino Superior, em Teresina, Brasil, de dezembro/2015 a maio/2016. Foram aplicados questionários com variáveis sociodemográficas e de formação acadêmica, além de três escalas de religião e espiritualidade. Os dados foram processados no software SPSS. Resultados: Evidenciou-se o predomínio do sexo feminino, com média de 45 anos, casados, católicos, com média de 18 anos de formação e especializações em áreas diversas. Observou-se forte influência dos fatores espirituais e religiosos nas crenças, bem-estar espiritual e cotidiano dos docentes inseridos em práticas acadêmicas. Conclusão: A influência de aspectos religiosos, espirituais e bem-estar espiritual corrobora para a necessidade de reflexões sobre novas propostas metodológicas no Ensino Superior para atuação da prática acadêmica de docentes para os estudantes da saúde


Objetivo: Caracterizar a los docentes del área de la salud sobre aspectos sociodemográficos, formación académica e índices de religión y espiritualidad. Métodos: Estudio cuantitativo, realizado con 34 docentes de la salud de una Institución de Enseñanza Superior, en Teresina, Brasil, de diciembre/2015 a mayo/2016. Se aplicaron cuestionarios con variables sociodemográficas y de formación académica, además de tres escalas de religión y espiritualidad. Los datos se procesaron en el software SPSS. Resultados: Se evidenció el predominio del sexo femenino, con promedio de 45 años, casados, católicos, con promedio de 18 años de formación y especializaciones en áreas diversas. Se observó una fuerte influencia de los factores espirituales y religiosos en las creencias, el bienestar espiritual y cotidiano de los docentes insertados en prácticas académicas. Conclusión: La influencia de aspectos religiosos, espirituales y bienestar espiritual corrobora para la necesidad de reflexiones sobre nuevas propuestas metodológicas en la Enseñanza Superior para la actuación de la práctica académica de docentes para los estudiantes de la salud


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Religião , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Espiritualidade , Docentes/psicologia , Educação Superior
9.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 28(1): 33-47, abr. 2019. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-182610

RESUMO

Lack of awareness of one's negative social reputation is linked to aggressive behavior among older school-age children. The present study extends this research to the first year of elementary school. The first goal was to compare generalized and dyadic perspectives in studying discrepancies between children's actual and perceived rejection. The second goal was to determine whether discrepancies between actual and perceived rejection are related to sociometric status. The third goal was to examine whether discrepancies between actual and perceived rejection are related to aggressive behaviors at school. Actual peer rejection was measured with peer negative nominations, perceived peer rejection with students' self-ratings and meta-perceptions, and aggressive behavior with teacher ratings. The discrepancies between actual and self-perceived rejection were substantial in the total sample. Furthermore, non-rejected children had higher scores than rejected children in dyadic overestimation (identifying peers who they believed disliked them but did not), while it was the reverse for dyadic underestimation (not identifying peers who in fact disliked them). High levels of dyadic underestimation were negatively associated with the concurrent aggressive behavior. Rejected children's underestimation of their peer rejection appeared to have protective effects on antisocial and aggressive problems. Findings are discussed in terms of theories of symbolic interactionism and social information processing


No ser consciente de la mala reputación propia está relacionado con el comportamiento agresivo de niños y niñas. El presente trabajo amplia la investigación al inicio de la escuela primaria. El primer objetivo fue comparar la percepción generalizada y diádica en la discrepancia entre el rechazo real y el percibido. El segundo objetivo fue determinar si la discrepancia entre rechazo real y percibido está relacionada con el tipo sociométrico. El tercer objetivo fue examinar si la discrepancia entre rechazo real y percibido está relacionada con conductas agresivas. El rechazo real se midió con nominaciones negativas, el rechazo percibido con autoinformes y el comportamiento agresivo con calificaciones de los docentes. La discrepancia entre rechazo real y autopercibido fue sustancial en la muestra total. Además, los niños y niñas no rechazados obtuvieron puntajes más altos que los rechazados en la sobreestimación diádica (identificar como rechazadores a compañeros que de hecho no les rechazaron), mientras se dio la pauta inversa en la subestimación diádica (no identificar como rechazadores a compañeros que sí rechazaron al niño o a la niña). Los niveles elevados de subestimación diádica se asociaron negativamente con el comportamiento agresivo. La subestimación de los niños o niñas rechazados parece tener efectos protectores sobre los problemas antisociales/agresivos. Se comentan los hallazgos en relación con la teoría del interaccionismo simbólico y el procesamiento de la información social


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Rejeição (Psicologia) , Agressão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Docentes/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Docentes/estatística & dados numéricos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica Breve , Análise de Variância
10.
J Psychol ; 153(5): 528-554, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30924730

RESUMO

The present study investigated the relationship between employees' perceptions of five characteristics emphasized in their work organization (i.e., individualism, hostile interaction styles, competition, hierarchical governance, and email reliance) and the occurrence of incivility in that context. We also examined how perceptions of uncivil environments, in turn, related to personal experiences of workplace incivility and negative outcomes for targets. The proposed model was examined in two samples of university faculty. Study 1 tested the model with three organizational characteristics (individualism, hostile interaction styles, and competition) and three outcomes (job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and physical health) in a sample of faculty from a wide range of departments at a large Southern university. The second study investigated two additional organizational characteristics (hierarchical governance and email reliance) and an additional outcome (psychological distress) in a nationwide sample of law faculty. Results demonstrated that all but one of the characteristics (email reliance) related to perceptions of an uncivil workplace environment; uncivil environment perceptions, in turn, predicted personal experiences of incivility and negative occupational and health outcomes.


Assuntos
Comportamento Competitivo , Incivilidade , Satisfação no Emprego , Saúde do Trabalhador , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Correio Eletrônico , Docentes/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cultura Organizacional , Reorganização de Recursos Humanos
11.
Int J Occup Med Environ Health ; 32(1): 75-85, 2019 02 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30855100

RESUMO

Objectives: Over the last 20 years, tertiary institutions have been subjected to several changes. This has resulted in increased workloads for academics. Some academics have started to experience symptoms that are related to chronic fatigue syndrome and burnout. Researchers, however, cannot agree whether the 2 syndromes are two sides of the same coin or actually 2 separate constructs. This study that was conducted at a tertiary institution in South Africa therefore aimed to determine if these constructs accounted for the evidence of the same syndrome within an academic setting or if they were 2 separate, distinguishable constructs. However, since job satisfaction and social support play a role in the poor physical and psychological health experienced by individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome or burnout, it was decided to also include these 2 constructs into the investigation. Age was also incorporated because it had dissimilar relationships with burnout and chronic fatigue syndrome. Material and Methods: The participants completed the following questionnaires via an online survey: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Symptom Inventory, the Oldenburg Burnout Inventory, the Overall Job Satisfaction Scale and the Social Support Scale. The data was used for constructing a structural equation model. Results: Job satisfaction was found to be a strong predictor of burnout. The number of symptoms indicative of chronic fatigue syndrome reported by the participants proved to be a relatively strong significant predictor of burnout. Age did not yield any significant relationship with any of the constructs. Conclusions: The results indicated that chronic fatigue and burnout should be perceived as 2 distinguishable constructs in the academic context. It should be noted, however, that some overlap exists between them. Int J Occup Med Environ Health. 2019;32(1):75 ­ 85


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Docentes/psicologia , Síndrome de Fadiga Crônica/epidemiologia , Satisfação no Emprego , Apoio Social , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , África do Sul , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Pers Soc Psychol ; 117(2): 260-281, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30869983

RESUMO

As students explore science and engineering fields, they receive messages about what competencies are required in a particular field, as well as whether they can reach their goals by entering the field. Faculty members convey information both about whether students might have the ability to succeed in a particular field and also whether students might want to succeed in a particular field-is this career one that serves the values or goals of the student? We hypothesize a novel pathway through which growth versus fixed mindset messages communicated by faculty affect students. Specifically, we explore whether emphasizing the potential for growth, rather than emphasizing fixed abilities, can indicate to students that science, technology, engineering, or math (STEM) fields offer opportunities to fulfill their goals. Across 8 studies, we find that perceiving that faculty endorse growth versus fixed mindset beliefs increases beliefs that STEM contexts afford communal and agentic goals; perceived communal affordances more strongly predict people's interest in pursuing STEM education and careers. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Engenharia/educação , Docentes/psicologia , Metas , Matemática/educação , Ciência/educação , Estudantes/psicologia , Tecnologia/educação , Universidades , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
13.
Nurs Educ Perspect ; 40(6): E3-E8, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30920467

RESUMO

AIM: We explored faculty and staff perceptions of the challenges and opportunities of working on regional campuses of a large academic health science center. BACKGROUND: The growth of multicampus academic institutions presents numerous issues for intercampus planning and for organizational/professional relationships. We were interested in learning how regional campus faculty and staff experienced these issues, with the practical goal of making recommendations to both central and regional campus administrations. METHOD: A cross-sectional, online survey was distributed to faculty and staff who worked at regional campuses of a large health sciences university. RESULTS: Regional faculty and staff felt more valued by local colleagues and administrators than by their central campus counterparts. Top challenges were central administration's lack of communication and understanding of regionals' unique circumstances and needs. CONCLUSION: Regional campuses' workplace experience is significantly different from that of central campus. More timely communication and active solicitation of regional campus input are needed.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Docentes/psicologia , Universidades/organização & administração , Comunicação , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30866474

RESUMO

The 2014⁻2016 Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) epidemic outbreak reached over 28,000 cases and totaled over 11,000 deaths with 4 confirmed cases in the United States, which sparked widespread public concern about nationwide spread of EVD. Concern was elevated in locations connected to the infected people, which included Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. This threat of exposure enabled a unique opportunity to assess self-reported knowledge about EVD, risk perception, and behavior response to EVD. Unlike existing studies, which often survey one point in time across geographically coarse scales, this work offers insights into the geographic context of risk perception and behavior at finer-grained spatial and temporal scales. We report results from 3138 respondents comprised of faculty, staff, and students at two time periods. Results reveal increased EVD knowledge, decreased risk perception, and reduction in protective actions during this time. Faculty had the lowest perceived risk, followed by staff and then students, suggesting the role of education in this outcome. However, the most impactful result is the proof-of-concept for this study design to be deployed in the midst of a disease outbreak. Such geographically targeted and temporally dynamic surveys distributed during an outbreak can show where and when risk perception and behaviors change, which can provide policy-makers with rapid results that can shape intervention practices.


Assuntos
Docentes/psicologia , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/epidemiologia , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Pessoal Administrativo , Adulto , Surtos de Doenças , Epidemias , Feminino , Doença pelo Vírus Ebola/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Ohio , Projetos de Pesquisa , Características de Residência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Autorrelato , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Allied Health ; 48(1): e35-e42, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826840

RESUMO

AIMS: Faculty members in healthcare professions have an important role in developing future clinicians, and preparation for their responsibilities is important. The purpose of this study was to examine junior athletic training faculty members' perceptions of doctoral preparation using a qualitative, phenomenological design. METHODS: We included 20 athletic training faculty members (14 women, 6 men) who were 32±3 yrs of age and averaged 2±2 yrs as full-time faculty members in accredited athletic training programs. We audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim semi-structured telephone interviews designed to gain participants' perspectives on their doctoral education and transition to their faculty role. Two investigators analyzed data using a phenomenological approach, and saturation was obtained. Trustworthiness was established with the use of member checking, multiple analyst triangulation, and peer review. RESULTS: Perceptions of doctoral preparation emerged into three themes: 1) doctoral preparation emphasizes research preparation, 2) teaching experience is important, and 3) faculty desire more preparation for faculty life and administrative responsibilities. Generally, participants felt highly prepared to do research, somewhat prepared to teach, and inadequately prepared for faculty life and administrative duties. CONCLUSIONS: Doctoral program advisors and administrators should consider diversifying doctoral education to more holistically prepare faculty members.


Assuntos
Ocupações Relacionadas com Saúde/educação , Educação de Pós-Graduação/organização & administração , Docentes/psicologia , Percepção , Esportes/educação , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa
16.
Enferm. clín. (Ed. impr.) ; 29(supl.1): 42-45, mar. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184767

RESUMO

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the perception of students, lecturers and staffs on smoke-free campus policy. Method: Samples, including 880 students, 102 lecturers and 209 staff, were taken from all faculties in Universitas Riau using convenience sampling technique. A survey was conducted for these respondents through the distribution of questionnaires. Information pertaining to demographics, smoking and non-smoking behaviors and experiences, and perceptions regarding smoke-free campus policy was obtained. Results: It was discovered that 58% of survey groups and respondents were females, 84.3% were non-smokers, and 66.1% reported exposure to cigarette smoke in university campus every day or several days in a week. All groups reported that they were affected by cigarette smoking with no significant difference in the proportion (p = .540). The rate of students and lecturers were similar in terms of their agreements on smoking prohibition in campus environment (81.7% and 84.3% respectively), while it was different with staff (p = .004). Further ANOVA analysis revealed that there was a significant difference between groups regarding agreements on smoking prohibition (p = .007) such that staff differed from lecturers and students (p = .014 and p = .028), while lecturers and students showed no significant difference (p = .502). All groups strongly agreed on establishing a smoke-free campus (81.9% of students, 85.3% of lecturers, 77.7% of staffs) with no significant difference in their proportion (p = .079). Conclusions: Interventions can be introduced to enhance support gotten from the staff group, however, majority of the students, lecturers and staffs were very supportive of creating a smoke-free campus. Therefore, there is a call to action for university leaders and decision makers to implement the policy


No disponible


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Política Antifumo , Docentes/psicologia , Estudantes/psicologia , Universidades , Indonésia , Autorrelato
18.
Perspect Psychol Sci ; 14(1): 101-104, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30799750
20.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(1): 98-102, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598654

RESUMO

Librarians have ever-expanding teaching responsibilities in many academic disciplines. Assessment of learning outcomes requires longitudinal evaluation to measure true retention of skills and knowledge. This is especially important in the health sciences, including pharmacy, where librarians take an active role in teaching students to help prepare them for a profession in which solid information literacy skills are required to safely and effectively provide evidence-based care to patients. In this commentary, I reflect on a year of teaching in a pharmacy program and consider the outcomes of my instruction, areas for improvement, student retention of learning, assessment challenges, faculty-librarian collaboration, and continued support for library instruction in the pharmacy curriculum.


Assuntos
Educação em Farmácia/organização & administração , Docentes/psicologia , Competência em Informação , Bibliotecários/psicologia , Bibliotecas Especializadas/organização & administração , Estudantes de Farmácia , Ensino/psicologia , Adulto , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pennsylvania , Adulto Jovem
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