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1.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 325-329, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32982261

RESUMO

Lumivascular optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a novel adjunct in the field of medicine. It offers clear real-time imaging of artery walls before and during endovascular intervention. This study reports our initial experience on the use of lumivascular OCT-guided atherectomy in the management of two patients with recurrent restenosis in their femoropopliteal arteries associated with in-stent restenosis. Endovascular procedures were successful with a Pantheris atherectomy device (Avinger, Redwood City, CA, USA) and drug-eluting balloons. The OCT images clearly distinguished normal anatomy from plaque pathology, were of great advantage in both the accurate diagnosis and treatment of target lesions, and may reduce radiation during the endovascular procedure. However, the price of the device and its need for contrast infusion limit its routine clinical use.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Aterectomia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Artéria Poplítea/diagnóstico por imagem , Stents , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/instrumentação , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Recidiva , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 462-468, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763120

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Ankle brachial index (ABI) is widely used for the diagnosis of lower extremity artery disease (LEAD). The purpose of this prospective study was to validate the diagnostic ability and reproducibility of a four cuff automated oscillometric device vs. the Doppler method. METHODS: Patients with suspected LEAD or asymptomatic individuals at risk because of the presence two or more cardiovascular risk factors were enrolled. For each patient, Doppler and oscillometric ABI measurements were repeated by two observers to address intra- and interobserver reproducibility. RESULTS: In total, 118 patients were evaluated. The prevalence of Doppler ABI (Dop-ABI) ≤ 0.90 was 45.8%. Taking the Dop-ABI as the reference, the sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive and negative predictive values of oscillometric ABI (Osc-ABI) during the first measurement by the first observer were 89.1%, 94.4%, 94.1%, 91.8%, and 92.4%, respectively. The concordance for diagnosing ABI ≤0.90 between methods was excellent (kappa coefficients ranging from 0.80 to 0.88 with different observers). Intra-observer reproducibility assessed by intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) between methods were 0.94 for observer 1 and 0.96 for observer 2. The intra-observer reproducibility using the same method was also excellent (ICC 0.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.91-0.95) for Dop-ABI and 0.95 (95% CI 0.93-0.97) for Osc-ABI). The ICC for interobserver reproducibility using the same method was 0.95 (95% CI 0.92-0.96) for Dop-ABI and 0.96 (95% CI 0.94-0.97) for Osc-ABI. CONCLUSION: This study validates the excellent diagnostic performances of a four cuff oscillometric device specifically designed for screening for LEAD. The simple measurement method could therefore be advocated in primary care where fast, easy, and reliable methods are suitable.


Assuntos
Índice Tornozelo-Braço/instrumentação , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Oscilometria/instrumentação , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Ultrassonografia Doppler , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , França , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 403-409, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768278

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Vein is regarded superior to artificial graft in peripheral arterial bypass surgery. However, this option is often limited owing to previous use or removal of the ipsilateral greater saphenous vein (iGSV). In this case, the contralateral great saphenous vein (cGSV), the small saphenous vein (SSV), or arm veins (AV) are possible alternatives. Experience with all three grafts for below knee vein bypass is reported. METHODS: Consecutive patients treated at an academic tertiary referral centre between January 1998 and July 2018 using the cGSV, SSV, or AV as the main peripheral bypass graft were analysed. Study end points were primary patency, secondary patency, limb salvage, and survival. RESULTS: Over the observed time period, 2642 bypass operations for treatment of peripheral artery disease with below knee target arteries were performed at the authors' institution: 1937 procedures using the iGSV; 644 bypass procedures using the cGSV (n = 186; 28.9%), SSV (n = 101; 15.7%), or AV (n = 357; 55.4%); and 61 procedures using a prosthetic graft. The median follow up period was 2.3 years (range 9 days-18.5 years). Thirty day mortality was 1.9% for the whole group and similar between the three groups. After five years, primary and secondary patency rates were comparable between the three groups. Secondary patency was 75% (95% confidence interval [CI] 66-83) in the cGSV and SSV groups, and 65% (95% CI 57-73) in the AV group (p = .47). Limb salvage and survival after five years were, respectively, 73% (95% CI 65-81) and 89% (95% CI 82-95) in the cGSV group, 79% (95% CI 69-89) and 87% (95% CI 79-95) in the SSV group, and 74% (95% CI 68-80) and 83% (77-89) in the AV group (p = .46). CONCLUSION: All three types of alternative autologous vein graft are equal regarding outcome parameters. Vascular surgeons should consider all autologous options if their preferred choice is not available.


Assuntos
Braço/irrigação sanguínea , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
4.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 560-566, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32778492

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Although high quality epidemiological data are lacking, the global increase in chronic limb threatening ischaemia may be disproportionately affecting low and LMICs. All available data for outcomes from bypass for limb salvage are from high income countries, with none from LMIC settings where the challenge is greatest. This study aimed to assess the clinical outcomes following vein lower extremity bypass for chronic limb threatening ischaemia at the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, and to compare patients and outcomes with those described in the Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) Objective Performance Goals (OPG) and United States National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP). METHODS: Consecutive patients (n = 367) undergoing SVS-OPG eligible lower extremity bypass between 2015 and 2017 were studied. Thirty day major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), major adverse limb events (MALE), deaths, and amputations are reported, along with one year overall survival, limb salvage, and amputation free survival. RESULTS: Patients at University of Colombo had more diabetes mellitus (80% vs. SVS 57% vs. NSQIP 50%, p < .001) and tissue loss (100% vs. SVS 74% vs. NSQIP 59%, p < .001). The 30 day MALE was 7.6%, which is not a statistically significant difference from the SVS (6.1%) or NSQIP (9%). The 30 day MACE was 8.2%, statistically significantly higher than NSQIP (4.2%, p < .001) but not SVS (6.2%, p = .20). At 12 months, the overall survival (82%) was within the OPG threshold, but limb salvage (81.8%) and amputation free survival (64.5%) were just outside. CONCLUSION: Outcomes following vein bypass for ischaemic necrosis at the University of Colombo, Sri Lanka, are acceptable and similar to those reported from high income countries despite greater limb threat severity and resource limitations. Further real world data from similar settings on outcomes following revascularisation are required. These data suggest that a vein bypass first strategy for advanced ischaemic necrosis is feasible and effective even in resource limited settings.


Assuntos
Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Enxerto Vascular , Veias/transplante , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Doença Crônica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sri Lanka , Fatores de Tempo , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Enxerto Vascular/mortalidade
5.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(4): 549-558, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807674

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endovascular revascularisation has become a standard approach for below knee lesions and paclitaxel coated devices have been widely used in patients with chronic limb threatening ischaemia. A recent meta-analysis reported higher mortality in paclitaxel coated devices compared with uncoated devices in femoropopliteal lesions. This study aimed to determine long term outcomes in below the knee interventions using paclitaxel coated devices in routine vascular care using a large and contemporary cohort. METHODS: A large cohort was created using all inclusive health insurance claims data of patients covered by the second largest insurance fund in Germany. The cohort included patients with index revascularisation of arteries below the knee performed from 1 January 2010, to 31 December 2018. Only patients with first paclitaxel coated device exposure were included. The study cohort was stratified into balloon vs. stent treatment and patients with paclitaxel coated devices were matched with uncoated devices using propensity score. Outcomes were evaluated using the Kaplan-Meier method and Cox regression. RESULTS: There were 14 738 patients (mean age 77.6 years, 43.6% female) and 6 568 matched patients included in the study. Increasing use of paclitaxel coated devices was observed during the study period (6% in 2010 vs. 31% in 2018, p < .001), and a total of 2 611 (39.8%) deaths occurred within five years of follow up. In the propensity score matched Cox model, a paclitaxel related reduction of five year mortality (hazards ratio, HR 0.84, 95% confidence interval, CI 0.78-0.91), amputation or death (HR 0.87, 95% CI 0.81-0.94), and cardiovascular event or death (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.80-0.92) were observed. CONCLUSION: In this propensity score matched cohort, reduced long term all cause mortality, reduced rates of amputation or death and cardiovascular event or death were observed at five years after the use of paclitaxel coated devices when compared with uncoated devices for the treatment of chronic limb threatening ischaemia.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/administração & dosagem , Materiais Revestidos Biocompatíveis , Stents Farmacológicos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Isquemia/terapia , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Demandas Administrativas em Assistência à Saúde , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Amputação , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/efeitos adversos , Doença Crônica , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/mortalidade , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/mortalidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Surg Clin North Am ; 100(4): 807-822, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681878

RESUMO

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) affects many individuals worldwide and is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Controversy exists on whether or not to screen asymptomatic patients. Further complicating this is that many patients with a chronic lower extremity wound are often asymptomatic. PAD and traditional noninvasive vascular studies may be inaccurate in providing a correct diagnosis. A review of current and novel vascular assessment modalities along with their benefits and limitations are presented here. A combination of these vascular assessments may help improve accuracy in diagnosis, providing timely care to those patients in need.


Assuntos
Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Humanos , Pele/irrigação sanguínea , Dermatopatias Vasculares/fisiopatologia , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho/métodos , Sístole/fisiologia , Cicatrização/fisiologia
8.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H456-H467, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32706261

RESUMO

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a manifestation of atherosclerosis in the leg arteries, which causes claudication. This may be in part due to vascular mitochondrial dysfunction and excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. A mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant (MitoQ) has been shown to improve vascular mitochondrial function that, in turn, led to improved vascular function in older adults and animal models. However, the roles of vascular mitochondria in vascular function including endothelial function and arterial stiffness in patients with PAD are unknown; therefore, with the use of acute MitoQ intake, this study examined the roles of vascular mitochondria in endothelial function, arterial stiffness, exercise tolerance, and skeletal muscle function in patients with PAD. Eleven patients with PAD received either MitoQ or placebo in a randomized crossover design. At each visit, blood samples, brachial and popliteal artery flow-mediated dilation (FMD), peripheral and central pulse-wave velocity (PWV), blood pressure (BP), maximal walking capacity, time to claudication (COT), and oxygen utility capacity were measured pre- and-post-MitoQ and placebo. There were significant group by time interactions (P < 0.05) for brachial and popliteal FMD that both increased by Δ2.6 and Δ3.3%, respectively, and increases superoxide dismutase (Δ0.03 U/mL), maximal walking time (Δ73.8 s), maximal walking distance (Δ49.3 m), and COT (Δ44.2 s). There were no changes in resting heart rate, BP, malondialdehyde, total antioxidant capacity, PWV, or oxygen utility capacity (P > 0.05). MitoQ intake may be an effective strategy for targeting the vascular mitochondrial environment, which may be useful for restoring endothelial function, leg pain, and walking time in patients with PAD.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The results of this study reveal for the first time that acute oral intake of mitochondrial-targeted antioxidant (MitoQ, 80 mg) is effective for improving vascular endothelial function and superoxide dismutase in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Acute MitoQ intake is also effective for improving maximal walking capacity and delaying the onset of claudication in patients with PAD. These findings suggest that the acute oral intake of MitoQ-mediated improvements in vascular mitochondria play a pivotal role for improving endothelial function, the redox environment, and skeletal muscle performance in PAD.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Artéria Braquial/efeitos dos fármacos , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Claudicação Intermitente/tratamento farmacológico , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organofosforados/uso terapêutico , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Artéria Poplítea/efeitos dos fármacos , Ubiquinona/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Pressão Arterial/efeitos dos fármacos , Artéria Braquial/metabolismo , Artéria Braquial/fisiopatologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/metabolismo , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Nebraska , Compostos Organofosforados/metabolismo , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Artéria Poplítea/metabolismo , Artéria Poplítea/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Ubiquinona/metabolismo , Ubiquinona/uso terapêutico , Rigidez Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Caminhada
9.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(7): 605-611, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32691691

RESUMO

We evaluated the outcome of multimodal supervised exercise training (SET) on walking performances and different hemodynamic parameters (ankle/toe-brachial index [ABI/TBI], and transcutaneous oxygen pressure [TcPO2]) in patients with symptomatic lower extremity peripheral artery disease (PAD). Whether hemodynamic parameters predict walking performances at baseline and following SET was also investigated. Fontaine stage II PAD's patients following a 3-month SET were retrospectively included. Hemodynamic parameters and walking performances (pain-free [PFWD], maximal [MWD], and 6-minute [6MWD] walking distance) were measured in each patient. Eighty-five symptomatic PAD patients were included. Following SET, PFWD, MWD, and 6MWD significantly increased (+142%, +94%, +14%; respectively; P ≤ .001). Toe-brachial index significantly increased (MD: 0.04 ± 0.01; P = .02), whereas ABI and TcPO2 did not change significantly. At baseline, patients with higher TBI and TcPO2 performed significantly better (PFWD: ß = 0.25, P = .01 for TBI; PFWD: ß = 0.30, P = .005, and MWD: ß = 0.22, P = .04, for TcPO2). No significant relationship was observed at baseline between ABI and walking performances. Baseline values of hemodynamic parameters did not significantly correlate with changes in walking performances. Multimodal SET significantly improves walking performances. Following SET, no significant changes in ABI and TcPO2 were observed. Toe-brachial index values significantly improved after SET. However, this increase was very modest and its clinical relevance remains questionable. Although baseline TBI and supine TcPO2 values predict baseline walking performances, no association was found between baseline hemodynamic parameters and changes in walking performances following SET.


Assuntos
Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Tolerância ao Exercício , Hemodinâmica , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Caminhada , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Feminino , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Treinamento de Resistência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
10.
Vascul Pharmacol ; 131: 106764, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629143

RESUMO

The effects of angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors and angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARBs) on angiogenesis, myocardial remodeling and intermittent claudication have been studied. Clinical studies have shown reduced re-intervention after cardiac stenting with the use of ACEI/ARBs. We hypothesized that the use of ACEI/ARBs decreases re-interventions after endovascular revascularization in tibial artery disease (TAD) patients. This is a retrospective study comparing the effects of ACEI/ARBs on the outcomes after endovascular revascularization for TAD. We divided all patients that underwent endovascular revascularization into Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/Angiotensin receptor blockers (ACEI/ARBs) and No Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor/Angiotensin receptor blockers (NoACEI/ARBs) groups. A total of 360 patients underwent endovascular intervention for TAD. One hundred and ninety-six (54%) patients, 124 (57%) males, were on ACEI/ARBs after endovascular intervention for TAD, whereas 164(46%) patients, 87 (53%) males were not. The groups were well matched in the demographic variables except higher incidence of congestive heart failure, coronary artery disease and dialysis in the ACEI/ARBs group (p = .001, 0.02, 0.01 respectively). Reintervention rates were not associated with ACEI/ARBs use (p = .097). Even when corrected for statin use and antiplatelet therapy, no difference was seen in the reintervention rates in the two groups (p = .535, 0.547 respectively). Primary patency, assisted primary patency and secondary patency did not differ with the use of ACEI/ARBs (p = .244 0.096,0.060 respectively). No difference was seen in overall survival between the two groups (p = .690). ACEI/ARBs do not appear to affect the patency and reintervention rates for patients undergoing endovascular revascularization for TAD.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/uso terapêutico , Aterectomia , Células Endoteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Reepitelização/efeitos dos fármacos , Artérias da Tíbia/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas de Receptores de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/efeitos adversos , Aterectomia/efeitos adversos , Células Endoteliais/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Artérias da Tíbia/patologia , Artérias da Tíbia/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos
11.
Diab Vasc Dis Res ; 17(5): 1479164120930589, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32589047

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In many cases, Ilomedin® infusions are applied as part of a perioperative measure in patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease because it makes a relevant vasodilatatory effect in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and with/without peripheral neuropathy. AIMS: A prospective case-control study was performed to investigate the effect of prostanoids on peripheral resistance in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus, as well as the role of peripheral neuropathy in patients undergoing arterial reconstruction. METHODS: Sixty patients undergoing arterial reconstruction were enrolled. Sufficient data were collected on 38 patients. Prior to surgery, peripheral nerve conduction velocity was measured. Blood flow volume at the common femoral artery was assessed intraoperatively using a Doppler flowmeter at four time points: at baseline before arterial reconstruction (T0), after reconstruction (T1), after 5 (T2) and 10 min (T3) after intra-arterial application of 3000 ng of Ilomedin. Peripheral resistance units were calculated as a function of mean arterial pressure and flow volume using the following formula: peripheral resistance unit = mean arterial pressure (mm Hg) / flow volume (mL/min). RESULTS: Ilomedin produced an immediate and significant drop of peripheral resistance in patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus as well as in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Patients with peripheral neuropathy showed a less pronounced effect to Ilomedin compared to individuals with normal nerve conduction velocity.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Iloprosta/administração & dosagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Resistência Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Vasodilatação/efeitos dos fármacos , Vasodilatadores/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Iloprosta/efeitos adversos , Infusões Intra-Arteriais , Cuidados Intraoperatórios , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Vasodilatadores/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cardiovasc Diabetol ; 19(1): 75, 2020 06 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32527273

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although an increased arterial stiffness has been associated with traditional coronary risk factors, the risk factors and pathology of arterial stiffness remain unclear. In this study, we aimed to identify the plasma metabolites associated with arterial stiffness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: We used the metabolomic data of 209 patients with type 2 diabetes as the first dataset for screening. To form the second dataset for validation, we enlisted an additional 31 individuals with type 2 diabetes. The non-targeted metabolome analysis of fasting plasma samples using gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry and the measurement of brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) were performed. RESULTS: A total of 65 annotated metabolites were detected. In the screening dataset, there were statistically significant associations between the baPWV and plasma levels of indoxyl sulfate (r = 0.226, p = 0.001), mannitol (r = 0.178, p = 0.010), mesoerythritol (r = 0.234, p = 0.001), and pyroglutamic acid (r = 0.182, p = 0.008). Multivariate regression analyses revealed that the plasma levels of mesoerythritol were significantly (ß = 0.163, p = 0.025) and that of indoxyl sulfate were marginally (ß = 0.124, p = 0.076) associated with baPWV, even after adjusting for traditional coronary risk factors. In the independent validation dataset, there was a statistically significant association between the baPWV and plasma levels of indoxyl sulfate (r = 0.430, p = 0.016). However, significant associations between the baPWV and plasma levels of the other three metabolites were not confirmed. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The plasma levels of indoxyl sulfate were associated with arterial stiffness in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Although the plasma levels of mannitol, mesoerythritol, and pyroglutamic acid were also associated with arterial stiffness, further investigation is needed to verify the results.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Indicã/sangue , Doença Arterial Periférica/sangue , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Eritritol/análogos & derivados , Eritritol/sangue , Feminino , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Humanos , Masculino , Manitol/sangue , Metabolômica , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Ácido Pirrolidonocarboxílico/sangue
13.
J Med Vasc ; 45(4): 214-220, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571562

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To perform a comprehensive literature review on outcomes achieved with the historical Dardik graft, illustrated with a case report of a patient with 13-years primary patency and limb salvage. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review was performed through MedLine (PubMed.gov, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institute of Health) from 1976 to 2018 using search terms (Umbilical Vein Graft), (Dardik graft), (Glutaraldehyde stabilized human umbilical vein [HUV]) and (HUV) to collected data on clinical use of HUV. Only papers in English and reporting adequate information about indication for surgery, short- and long-term patency and complication rate were included. RESULTS: Data about a total of 899 patients (977 limbs) were available. Overall, 45% of patients (438 limbs) underwent HUV implantation for critical limb ischemia (rest pain or tissue loss) or for disabling claudication in 12.2% of cases (120 limbs). Others indication for surgery were acute onset limb ischemia, popliteal aneurysms or aneurysmal degeneration of a previously implanted synthetic graft. At a mean follow-up of 4.3 years (range 3-6 years), primary patency and secondary patency were 61.3% and 61%, respectively. Aneurisms formation was detected in 3% of cases (21 limbs), graft's infection in 24.4% of cases (31 limbs) and graft's thrombosis in 25.5% of cases (193 limbs). CONCLUSION: This article provide a historical review of the use, outcomes and complications of HUV. Even though it is no longer commercially available, the knowledge of this type of substitute still remains inspirational for the development of innovative vascular conduits and fundamental for the new generations of physician both in diagnostics and in the management of complications.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veias Umbilicais/transplante , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
14.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(1): H171-H182, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32502377

RESUMO

The role of the ASIC1a in evoking the exercise pressor reflex in rats with simulated peripheral artery disease is unknown. This prompted us to determine whether ASIC1a plays a role in evoking the exaggerated exercise pressor reflex in decerebrated rats with simulated peripheral artery disease. To simulate peripheral artery disease, we ligated the left femoral artery 72 h before the experiment. The right femoral artery was freely perfused and used as a control. To test our hypothesis, we measured the effect of injecting two ASIC1a blockers into the arterial supply of the triceps surae muscles with and without the femoral artery ligated on the reflex pressor responses to 1) static contraction of the triceps surae muscles, 2) calcaneal tendon stretch, and 3) intra-arterial injection of diprotonated phosphate (pH 6.0). We found that the ASIC1a blockers psalmotoxin-1 (200 ng/kg) and mambalgin-1 (6.5 µg/kg) decreased the pressor responses to static contraction as well as the peak pressor responses to injection of diprotonated phosphate when these responses were evoked from the freely perfused hindlimb. In contrast, ASIC1a blockers only decreased the peak pressor responses evoked by injection of diprotonated phosphate in the hindlimb circulation with simulated peripheral artery disease. This inhibitory effect was less than the one measured from the healthy hindlimb. Independently of the hindlimb of interest, ASIC1a blockers had no effect on the pressor responses to tendon stretch. Our results do not support the hypothesis that ASIC1a play a role in evoking the exercise pressor reflex arising from a hindlimb with simulated peripheral artery disease.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The role of ASIC1a in evoking the metabolic component of the exercise pressor reflex in peripheral artery disease is unknown. Using a within-rat experimental design, we found that the contribution of ASIC1a decreased in a rat model of peripheral artery disease. These results have key implications to help finding better treatments and improve morbidity, quality of life, and mortality in patients with peripheral artery disease.


Assuntos
Canais Iônicos Sensíveis a Ácido/metabolismo , Contração Muscular , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Esforço Físico , Reflexo , Bloqueadores do Canal Iônico Sensível a Ácido/farmacologia , Animais , Venenos Elapídicos/farmacologia , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Músculo Esquelético/irrigação sanguínea , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Peptídeos/farmacologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Venenos de Aranha/farmacologia , Tendões/fisiopatologia
15.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 319(2): H320-H330, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32530751

RESUMO

The exercise pressor reflex is a feedback autonomic and cardiovascular control mechanism evoked by mechanical and metabolic signals within contracting skeletal muscles. The mechanically sensitive component of the reflex (the mechanoreflex) is exaggerated in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and in a rat model of simulated PAD in which a femoral artery is chronically ligated. Products of cyclooxygenase enzyme activity have been shown to chronically sensitize the mechanoreflex in PAD, but the identity of the muscle afferent receptors that mediate the sensitization is unclear. We hypothesized that injection of the endoperoxide 4 receptor (EP4-R) antagonist L161982 or the thromboxane A2 receptor (TxA2-R) antagonist daltroban into the arterial supply of the hindlimb would reduce the pressor response to repetitive, dynamic hindlimb skeletal muscle stretch (a model of isolated mechanoreflex activation) in rats with a femoral artery that was ligated ~72 h before the experiment but not in rats with freely perfused femoral arteries. We found that EP4-R blockade had no effect on the pressor response (peak Δmean arterial pressure) to stretch in freely perfused (n = 6, pre: 14 ± 2, post: 15 ± 2 mmHg, P = 0.97) or ligated (n = 8, pre: 29 ± 4, post: 29 ± 6 mmHg, P = 0.98) rats. In contrast, TxA2-R blockade had no effect on the pressor response to stretch in freely perfused rats (n = 6, pre: 16 ± 3, post: 17 ± 4 mmHg, P = 0.99) but significantly reduced the response in ligated rats (n = 11, pre: 29 ± 4, post: 17 ± 5 mmHg, P < 0.01). We conclude that TxA2-Rs contribute to chronic mechanoreflex sensitization in the chronic femoral artery-ligated rat model of simulated PAD.NEW & NOTEWORTHY We demonstrate that thromboxane A2 receptors, but not endoperoxide 4 receptors, on the sensory endings of thin fiber muscle afferents contribute to the chronic sensitization of the muscle mechanoreflex in rats with a ligated femoral artery (a model of simulated peripheral artery disease). The data may have important implications for our understanding of blood pressure control during exercise in patients with peripheral artery disease.


Assuntos
Mecanorreceptores/metabolismo , Contração Muscular , Músculo Esquelético/inervação , Doença Arterial Periférica/metabolismo , Receptores de Tromboxano A2 e Prostaglandina H2/metabolismo , Reflexo , Animais , Pressão Arterial , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Masculino , Mecanorreceptores/efeitos dos fármacos , Mecanotransdução Celular , Doença Arterial Periférica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Fenilacetatos/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptores de Prostaglandina E Subtipo EP4/metabolismo , Receptores de Tromboxano A2 e Prostaglandina H2/antagonistas & inibidores , Reflexo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Fatores de Tempo
16.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 193-201, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32547046

RESUMO

Arterial stiffness is a good predictor of cardiovascular events. As a substitute for elastic modulus representing stiffness, pulse wave velocity (PWV) has been used for over a century as it is easy to measure; however, PWV is known to essentially depend on blood pressure at the time of measurement. The cardio-ankle vascular index (CAVI) is a relatively new index of global arterial stiffness of the origin of the aorta to the ankle arteries. The characteristic feature is its independency from blood pressure at the measuring time. Recently, a variant index CAVI0 was proposed, which was claimed to be a more accurate arterial stiffness index than CAVI, considering independency from blood pressure. The purpose of this review is to evaluate the properties of CAVI more precisely by comparing with CAVI0, and to confirm the true meaning of CAVI as an index of arterial stiffness. First, the properties of PWV depending on the blood pressure and the variation of PWV values in the cardiac cycle were analyzed. Then, we attempted to clarify the point at which the PWV, adopted in CAVI or in CAVI0, was measured in cardiac cycle. A comprehensive comparison of the clinical data of CAVI and CAVI0 showed that CAVI is more appropriate than CAVI0. In conclusion, CAVI is reconfirmed to be a reliable and useful index of blood pressure-independent arterial stiffness composed of both organic and functional stiffness.


Assuntos
Pressão Arterial , Índice Vascular Coração-Tornozelo , Modelos Cardiovasculares , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Rigidez Vascular , Humanos , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
17.
Vasc Endovascular Surg ; 54(5): 430-435, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32489155

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Cadaveric saphenous vein (CV) conduits are used in rare instances for limb salvage in patients without autogenous veins although long-term outcome data are scarce. This study was designed to evaluate the outcomes of CV bypass in patients with threatened limbs. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts from 2010 to 2017 of 25 patients who underwent 30 CV allografts for critical limb ischemia and acute limb ischemia. Patient charts were reviewed for demographics, comorbidities, smoking status, indications for bypass, and outcomes. Primary outcomes included graft patency, major amputation rates, and mortality. Secondary outcomes measured included infection rates, 30-day major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and major adverse limb events (MALE). Statistical analysis was performed using time series and Kaplan-Meier survival curves. RESULTS: A total of 30 limbs received CV lower extremity bypasses (20 males, 10 female), and the average age was 68 ± 4 years. Primary patency rates were 71%, 42%, and 28% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Assisted primary patency rates were 78%, 56%, and 37% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Secondary patency rates were 77%, 59%, and 28% at 3, 6, and 12 months, respectively. Minor amputations, defined as amputations below the transmetatarsal level occurred in 5 (20%) patients. Wound infection occurred in 8 (32%) patients which was managed with local wound care and no patients required an extraanatomic bypass for limb salvage. Thirty-day MALE occurred in 7 (23.3%) patients. We had no 30-day mortality or MACE. The average graft length was 64.2 ± 8 cm with an average graft diameter of 3.9 ± 2 mm. Amputation-free survival and overall survival at 12 months were 20 (68%) and 21 (84%), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Cadaveric saphenous vein allograft may be used as a bypass conduit as a viable surgical option before limb amputation. Despite the poor patency rates, the limb salvage rates of cadaveric vein grafts demonstrate that this alternate conduit may be considered when no autogenous vein is available.


Assuntos
Salvamento de Membro , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Veia Safena/transplante , Enxerto Vascular , Idoso , Amputação , Cadáver , Feminino , Humanos , Salvamento de Membro/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Fatores de Tempo , Enxerto Vascular/efeitos adversos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
18.
Vasc Med ; 25(3): 235-245, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32362209

RESUMO

Patients with critical limb ischemia have nonhealing wounds and/or ischemic rest pain and are at high risk for amputation and mortality. Accurate evaluation of foot perfusion should help avoid unnecessary amputation, guide revascularization strategies, and offer efficient surveillance for patency. Our aim is to review current modalities of assessing foot perfusion in the context of the practical clinical management of patients with critical limb ischemia.


Assuntos
Angiografia , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Monitorização Transcutânea dos Gases Sanguíneos , Pé/irrigação sanguínea , Isquemia/diagnóstico , Fluxometria por Laser-Doppler , Imagem de Perfusão , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Isquemia/fisiopatologia , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
19.
Angiology ; 71(8): 747-753, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32425059

RESUMO

We determined whether patients with peripheral arterial disease (PAD) who have either an exaggerated or a negative pressor response during treadmill walking have shorter peak walking time (PWT) and claudication onset time (COT) than patients with a normal pressor response, independent of comorbid conditions. A total of 249 patients were categorized to 1 of 3 groups based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) responses at 2 minutes of treadmill walking (speed = 2 mph, grade = 0%): group 1 (negative pressor response, SBP < 0 mm Hg), group 2 (normal pressor response, SBP 18 mm Hg), and group 3 (exaggerated pressor response, SBP > 18 mm Hg). After adjusting for comorbid conditions, group 3 (exaggerated) had significantly reduced COT (P = .011) and PWT (P = .002) compared to group 2 (normal), while group 1 (negative) and group 2 (normal) were not different. Patients with symptomatic PAD with an increase in SBP > 18 mm Hg after 2 minutes of treadmill walking experience claudication earlier and thus have greater ambulatory dysfunction, compared to patients with PAD with a normal pressor response, whereas patients with PAD with negative pressor response had a similar walking performance. The implication is that the magnitude of pressor response to only 2 minutes of treadmill walking can partially explain the degree of ambulatory dysfunction in patients with PAD.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Tolerância ao Exercício , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Limitação da Mobilidade , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Caminhada , Idoso , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo , Teste de Caminhada
20.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 31(6): 978-985, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32414572

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the long-term outcomes of the Misago peripheral stent trial (Terumo) for atherosclerotic lesions in the superficial femoral artery (SFA) in patients with claudication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective multicenter, single-arm, clinical trial of primary stent placement for de novo cases of SFA disease conducted in the United States and Asia. The primary endpoint was freedom from clinically driven target lesion revascularization (CD-TLR) at 36 months. Secondary outcomes were ankle-brachial index (ABI), Rutherford score, Walking Impairment Questionnaire (WIQ), a quality of life survey, and rate of device fracture. RESULTS: A total of 276 patients (64.4% male; mean age, 69.3 ± 10.1 years) were enrolled. Freedom from CD-TLR was 78.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 73.0%-83.0%) at 24 months and 75.4% (95% CI, 69.6%-80.2%) at 36 months. Baseline ABI was 0.7 ± 0.1 and 0.98 ± 0.20 (P < .001) at 30 days after the procedure. Baseline Rutherford score was 3.6 ± 0.6 and 1.6 ± 1.0 30 at 30 days after the procedure (P < .001). Mean (and changed) ABI and Rutherford score at 36 months compared to day 30 after the procedure were, respectively, 0.91 (-0.1 ± 0.2) and 1.5 (-0.2 ± 1.1). WIQ score at baseline was 21.49 ± 26.30 and 50.51 ± 38.49 at 30 days after the procedure ( P < .001). The mean WIQ score at 2 years was 46.65 ± 37.31 (P = .12). Stent fracture rate at 36 months was 2.0% (4 of 202 patients). CONCLUSIONS: OSPREY (Occlusive-Stenotic Peripheral Artery Revascularization Study) 36-month data demonstrated persistent freedom from CD-TLR and sustained improvement in ABI and Rutherford score with primary stent placement for SFA lesions.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Femoral , Claudicação Intermitente/terapia , Doença Arterial Periférica/terapia , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Índice Tornozelo-Braço , Ásia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Femoral/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/fisiopatologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese , Qualidade de Vida , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
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