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1.
Am J Surg ; 221(1): 72-85, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32814626

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Immunosuppressed patients with diverticular disease are at higher risk of postoperative complications, however reported rates have varied. The aim of this study is to compare postoperative outcomes in immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients undergoing surgery for diverticular disease. METHODS: Medline, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched. Articles were included if they compared immunosuppressed and immunocompetent patients undergoing surgery for diverticular disease. RESULTS: From 204 citations, 11 studies with 2,977 immunosuppressed patients and 780,630 immunocompetent patients were included. Mortality was greater in immunosuppressed patients compared to immunocompetent patients for emergent surgery (RR 1.91, 95%CI 1.24-2.95, p < 0.01), but not elective surgery (RR 1.70, 95%CI 0.14-20.47, p = 0.68). Morbidity was greater in immunosuppressed patients compared to immunocompetent patients for elective surgery (RR 2.18, 95%CI 1.02-4.65, p = 0.04), but not emergent surgery (RR 1.40, 95%CI 0.68-2.90, p = 0.37). CONCLUSIONS: Increased consideration for elective operation may preclude the need for emergent surgery and the associated increase in postoperative mortality.


Assuntos
Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Imunossupressão , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22421, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019419

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery develops rapidly in both elective and emergency settings. The study aimed to determine the role of different laparoscopic methods for the emergency treatment of complicated diverticulitis. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index Expanded, and the Cochrane database were searched up to November 2019 to identify all published articles related to the topic. Statistical analysis was performed using Stata 15. RESULTS: Fourteen publications were included in the analysis. Laparoscopic surgery was applied in 425 patients, and 493 patients underwent open colon resection (OCR). Postoperative mortality, morbidity, severe complications, and reoperation rates were not significantly different between the laparoscopic and open surgery groups. Subgroup analysis was performed based on the different laparoscopic methods (laparoscopic colon resection [LCR] and laparoscopic lavage and drainage [LLD]). Subgroup analysis indicated that LCR was superior to OCR in terms of morbidity, while OCR was superior to LLD in terms of severe complications. CONCLUSIONS: The safety of laparoscopic surgery for the emergency treatment of complicated diverticulitis is related to different surgical methods. LCR is suggested to be a better choice according to the postoperative outcomes. More definite conclusions can be drawn in future randomized controlled trials.


Assuntos
Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
4.
Ann Surg ; 272(2): 284-287, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32675541

RESUMO

QUESTION: Does surgery or conservative management of recurring diverticulitis/ongoing symptoms results in a higher quality of life (QoL) at 5-year follow-up. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Multicenter trial in the Netherlands. PATIENTS: Patients aged 18 to 75 years, who presented with either ongoing abdominal complaints (for >3 months) and/or frequently recurring left-sided diverticulitis (>2 episodes in 2 years) after an objectified (via Computed Tomography, Ultrasound or Endoscopy) episode of diverticulitis were included in this study. INTERVENTION: Elective Sigmoid Resection within 6 weeks vs. Conservative Management MAIN OUTCOME:: QoL at 5-year follow-up, as measured by the Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index (GIQLI). Secondary outcomes included additional QoL assessments (including the EuroQoL-5D-3L, Visual Analogue Score for pain, and the short form 36 health survey) RESULTS:: The intention to treat analysis showed the surgical group had a higher quality of life (GIQLI) score than the conservative group (mean difference 9.7, 95% confidence interval 1.7-17.7, P = 0.018), which approached but did not meet the minimum important difference of 10. This difference was achieved in 67% of those in the operative group versus 57% in the conservative group (many of who eventually underwent surgery). CONCLUSIONS: The study results demonstrate that HRQOL at 5-year follow-up may be improved in patients undergoing surgical resection, although this difference did not meet the MID for the GIQLI.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Tratamento Conservador/métodos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/diagnóstico , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Países Baixos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Am Surg ; 86(4): 308-312, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32391754

RESUMO

Acute diverticulitis is an emergency surgical condition that is commonly managed via an acute surgical unit model. Operative surgery is indicated in selected situations including generalized peritonitis or fistulous disease; however, limited data exist on how borderline patients potentially needing surgery may be salvaged by close clinical management with modern interventional techniques. The aims of the study were to identify the operative surgery rates in acute diverticulitis and predictors for identifying patients with complicated diverticulitis. Retrospective data collection was performed on a prospectively held database at a high-volume acute surgical unit at Logan Hospital, Queensland. Patient demographic data, disease-related factors, and treatment-related factors were collected for reporting and analysis. Over three years (2016-2018), 201 patients (64%) were admitted with uncomplicated diverticulitis and 113 patients (36%) with complicated diverticulitis. An observable downward trend was noted in the number of yearly admissions for uncomplicated diverticulitis. Complicated diverticulitis was associated with male gender (P = 0.039), increased length of hospital stay (P < 0.001), temperature ≥37.5 (P = 0.025), increased white cell count (P < 0.001), and elevated C-reactive protein (P < 0.001). Twelve patients (11%) with complicated diverticulitis initially failed conservative management. Seven patients (6%) underwent a definitive Hartmann's procedure, and 5 patients (4%) underwent percutaneous drainage of abscesses. Acute diverticulitis can be safely managed nonoperatively by medical therapy and percutaneous drainage of abscesses, with surgery reserved for patients with complicated diverticulitis with sepsis or peritonitis.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Doença Diverticular do Colo/terapia , Drenagem , Abscesso Abdominal/tratamento farmacológico , Abscesso Abdominal/etiologia , Abscesso Abdominal/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Austrália , Colostomia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/complicações , Doença Diverticular do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Peritonite/etiologia , Peritonite/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 88(6): 770-775, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118825

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) developed a severity scale for surgical conditions, including diverticulitis. The Hinchey classification requires operative intervention yet remains the established scoring system for acute diverticulitis. This is a pilot study to compare the AAST grading scale for acute colonic diverticulitis with the traditional Hinchey classification. We hypothesize that the AAST classification scale is equivalent to the Hinchey in predicting outcomes. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study at an academic medical center. A consecutive sample of patients with acute diverticulitis and computed tomography imaging was reviewed. Chart review identified demographic and physiologic data with interventional and clinical outcomes. Each computed tomography scan was assigned AAST and modified Hinchey classification scores by a radiologist. Multivariate regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis compared six outcomes: need for procedure, complication, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, length of stay, 30-day readmission, and mortality. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-nine patients were included. Of the total patients, 42.6% required procedural intervention, 21.7% required ICU admission, 18.6% were readmitted, and 6.2% died. Both AAST and Hinchey predicted the need for operation (AAST odds ratios, 1.55, 12.7, 18.09, and 77.24 for stages 2-5; Hinchey odds ratios, 8.85, 11.49, and 22.9 for stages 1b-3, stage 4 predicted perfectly). The need for operation c-statistics (area under the curve) for AAST and Hinchey was 0.80 and 0.83 for Hinchey and AAST, respectively (p = 0.35). The complication c-statistics curve for AAST and Hinchey was 0.83 and 0.80, respectively (p = 0.33). The AAST and Hinchey scores were less predictive for ICU admission, readmission, and mortality with c-statistics of less than 0.80. CONCLUSION: The AAST grading of acute diverticulitis is equivalent to the modified Hinchey classification in predicting procedural intervention and complications. The AAST system may be preferable to Hinchey because it can be applied preoperatively. Although this pilot study demonstrated that the AAST score predicts surgical need, a larger study is required to evaluate the AAST score for other outcomes. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prognostic and epidemiological study, level III.


Assuntos
Doença Diverticular do Colo/diagnóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Aguda/mortalidade , Doença Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Diverticular do Colo/mortalidade , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sociedades Médicas , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Traumatologia , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Am Surg ; 86(1): 49-55, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077416

RESUMO

After elective sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis, patients may experience persistent abdominal symptoms. This study aimed to determine the incidence and characteristics of persistent symptoms (PSs) and their risk factors in patients who had no reported recurrence after elective sigmoidectomy. Patients who underwent elective sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis from 2002 to 2016 at a tertiary academic colorectal surgery practice were included. After retrospective review of medical records, patients were contacted with a questionnaire to inquire about recurrence of diverticulitis and persistent abdominal symptoms since resection. Outcomes examined were prevalence of and risk factors for PSs after elective sigmoidectomy. Of 662 included patients, 346 completed the questionnaire and had no recurrent diverticulitis. PSs were reported by 43.9 per cent of the patients. The mean follow-up was 87 months. Female gender and preoperative diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome were independent risk factors for PSs (Relative Risk 1.65, P < 0.001 and Relative Risk 1.41, P = 0.014). Previous IV antibiotics treatment was associated with PSs (P = 0.034) but not with a significant risk factor. As the follow-up interval increased, prevalence of PSs decreased (P = 0.006). More than 40 per cent of patients experienced persistent abdominal symptoms after sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis. Female patients and those with irritable bowel syndrome were at significantly increased risk.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Asian J Surg ; 43(3): 476-481, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31439460

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: A preoperative reliable classification system between clinical and computed tomography (CT) findings to better plan surgery in acute complicated diverticulitis (ACD) is lacking. We studied the inter-observer agreement of CT scan data and their concordance with the preoperative clinical findings and the adherence with the intraoperative status using a new classification of diverticular disease (CDD). METHODS: 152 patients operated on for acute complicated diverticulitis (ACD) were retrospectively enrolled. All patients were studied with CT scan within 24 h before surgery and CT images were blinded reanalyzed by 2 couples of radiologists (A/B). Kappa value evaluated the inter-observer agreement between radiologists and the concordance between CDD, preoperative clinical findings and findings at operation. Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to evaluate the predicting values of CT classification and CDD stage at surgery on postoperative outcomes. RESULTS: Overall inter-observer agreement for the CDD was high, with a kappa value of 0.905 (95% CI = 0.850-0.960) for observers A and B, while the concordance between radiological and surgical findings was weak (kappa values = 0.213 and 0,248, respectively and 95% CI = 0.106 to 0.319 and 95% CI = 0.142 to 0.355, respectively). When overall morbidity, mortality and the need of a terminal colostomy were considered as main endpoints no concordance was observed between surgical and radiological findings and the CDD (P=NS). CONCLUSIONS: The need for a more accurate classification of ACD, able to better stage this emergency, and to provide surgeons with reliable information for the best treatment is advocated.


Assuntos
Doença Diverticular do Colo/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Diverticular do Colo/patologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Doença Diverticular do Colo/classificação , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
J Surg Res ; 245: 544-551, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MS) is defined as the cluster: hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. Operative diverticulitis in the setting of MS can be challenging to manage. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of MS on outcomes in operative acute diverticulitis patients. METHODS: We analyzed the (2012-2015) NSQIP database. We identified acute diverticulitis patients who underwent surgery. MS was defined as follows: body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2, hypertension, and diabetes. Our primary outcome measure was the occurrence of any adverse events (complications, 30-d readmission, and mortality). Secondary outcome measures were complications, hospital length of stay, 30-d readmission, and mortality. Regression and receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed. RESULTS: A total of 4572 patients were identified. Mean BMI was 29 ± 10 kg/m2. 14.6% (275) of obese patients had metabolic syndrome. Adverse events were higher in patients with MS (odds ratio [OR], 8.1; P < 0.001) versus the obese group and the obese and hypertensive group. Patients with MS had higher odds of reintubation (OR 1.9; P = 0.03), >48 h ventilator dependence (OR 3.5; P = 0.01), myocardial infarction (OR 2.3; P = 0.03), and superficial or deep surgical-site infections (OR 2.1; P = 0.01) compared with patients with no MS. MS patients had a longer length of stay (ß = 1.23; P = 0.02), higher 30-d readmissions (OR 1.7; P < 0.01), and mortality (OR 2.1; P < 0.01). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of metabolic syndrome for predicting adverse outcomes was 0.797, which was higher than the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for BMI (0.58), hypertension (0.51), or diabetes (0.64) alone. CONCLUSIONS: Adverse events in patients with MS after surgery for diverticulitis are higher than obesity, hypertension, or diabetes alone. Patients with MS have longer recovery, and higher rates of complications, readmissions, and mortality. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III Prognostic.


Assuntos
Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Colostomia/efeitos adversos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Síndrome Metabólica/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Colectomia/métodos , Colostomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Síndrome Metabólica/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
12.
J Robot Surg ; 14(3): 517-523, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31506878

RESUMO

Numerous studies have confirmed significant benefits of intracorporeal anastomosis (ICA) following colorectal procedures; however technical challenges have limited this approach following conventional laparoscopic surgery. The robotic Xi platform serves as an enabling technology and has resulted in a surge of reports for right-sided ICA, however, there are no reports involving more complex left-sided procedures such as diverticulitis. Furthermore, there are no reports of natural orifice-assisted techniques using robotic Xi in which the specimen can be removed and the anvil can be placed transrectally, thereby completely eliminating the need for an abdominal wall incision other than for port sites. We present a pilot study to investigate the safety, feasibility and short-term outcomes of robotic Natural orifice-assisted IntraCorporeal anastomosis with transrectal Extraction of specimen, called the robotic NICE procedure. Consecutive patients presenting for elective resection for diverticulitis with formation of a colorectal anastomosis were entered into an IRB database. All patients underwent the robotic NICE procedure. Demographic data, intraoperative data and outcomes data were assessed and analyzed. Ten patients (five males and five females) underwent resection. The mean age and BMI were 56 years (43-66) and 29 kg/m2 (21-35). All procedures were successfully completed including transrectal extraction of the specimen and formation of an ICA. The mean operative time was 198 min (146-338) and mean EBL was 35 ml (15-50). Mean time to first flatus was 16 h (10-22) and mean length of stay was 1.9 days (1.6-2.6). There were no intraoperative or postoperative complications. There was no unexpected ICU stay, reoperation or readmission. Colorectal left-sided resections such as for diverticulitis were safely accomplished using natural orifice-assisted extraction of the specimen as well as complete intracorporeal anastomosis in this pilot study. The NICE procedure resulted in early return of bowel function, short length of stay and low complication. The complete elimination of abdominal wall incision likely accounts for these findings and larger cohorts of patients are to be investigated to explore this promising approach afforded by robotic technology.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Reto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Manejo de Espécimes/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/instrumentação , Segurança , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Dig Surg ; 37(1): 56-64, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30921802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is a variant of laparoscopic surgery, especially for diverticular disease (DD), but there are very little data comparing SILS to standard surgical procedures for DD, and most studies on DD surgery do not declare the disease stage. We compared SILS to open sigmoidectomy for DD in a stage-stratified matched-pair analysis to validate the significance of SILS. METHODS: All patients with SILS or conventional sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis of a single visceral surgery department were subject to a matched-pair analysis stratified by age, sex, body mass index, previous abdominal surgery, and the stage of DD. RESULTS: Fifty-five pairs were included. In total, 84/110 (76%) had complicated stages of DD. ASA stages were higher in the laparotomy group; the proportion of elective operations was similar (SILS 78%, open: 71%). In the SILS group, length of hospital stay (LoS; 10.2 vs. 16.7 days) and duration of intensive or intermediate care (IMC; 1.8 vs. 3.7 days) were shorter, blood transfusions were reduced (0.1 vs. 0.4 units) and less patients received opioids postoperatively (75 vs. 98%). The day of first defecation, stoma rate, and rates of morbidity and mortality were similar. CONCLUSIONS: SILS equals open sigmoidectomy regarding complications with advantages regarding pain, LoS, IMC/intensive care unit treatment, and blood transfusion.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Divertículo do Colo/cirurgia , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
14.
Am J Surg ; 220(1): 182-186, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31668707

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The optimal time to perform elective surgery remains to be determined. We analyzed the impact of time interval to surgery on short-terme outcome parameters in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic left colonic resection for diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of two series of case-matched patients according to the timing of operation after the last episode of diverticulitis: group A (within 90 days) and group B (beyond 90 days). RESULTS: 332 patients had left colonic resection for diverticulitis. 117 patients were included in group A vs 114 patients in group B. Overall abdominal morbidity in Group A was 21% vs 5% in group B (p = 0.02). Mean hospital stay was 7.7 days in group A vs 5 days in group B (p = 0.08). Residual inflammation was significantly increased in group A (31%) as compared to group B (11%) (p = 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic left colonic resection for acute diverticulitis is best performed beyond the third month after the last acute episode.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/tendências , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
15.
JAAPA ; 33(1): 24-26, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31880646

RESUMO

Segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis (SCAD) is a rare variant of chronic colitis that is limited to segments of the left colon that harbor diverticula. Histologically, SCAD is known to mimic chronic idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease. Patients usually present with hematochezia and cramping abdominal pain; SCAD often resolves spontaneously without treatment, or completely after a limited course of therapy. Due to the histologic overlap with ulcerative colitis and occasional Crohn colitis, the implications of an inaccurate diagnosis are significant.


Assuntos
Colectomia , Colite/cirurgia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Ileostomia , Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Colite/complicações , Colite/patologia , Colonoscopia , Diarreia/etiologia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/complicações , Doença Diverticular do Colo/patologia , Diverticulose Cólica/complicações , Diverticulose Cólica/patologia , Diverticulose Cólica/cirurgia , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/etiologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
16.
Int J Colorectal Dis ; 35(2): 233-238, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31823052

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The ideal location of specimen extraction in laparoscopic-assisted colorectal surgery is still debatable. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of incisional hernias and surgical site infections in patients undergoing elective laparoscopic resection for recurrent sigmoid diverticulitis by performing specimen extraction through left lower transverse incision or Pfannenstiel-Kerr incision. METHODS: A total of 269 patients operated between January 2014 and December 2017 were retrospectively screened for inclusion in the study. Patients with specimen extraction through left lower transverse incision (LLT) and patients with specimen extraction through Pfannenstiel-K incision (P-K) were matched in 1:1 proportion regarding age, sex, comorbidities, and previous abdominal surgery. The incidence of incisional hernias and surgical site infections were compared by using Fisher's exact test. RESULTS: After matching 77 patients in the LLT group and 77 patients in the P-K group, they were found to be homogenous regarding the above mentioned descriptive characteristics. No patients in the P-K group developed an incisional hernia compared with 10 patients (13%) in the LLT group (p = 0.001). All these patients required hernia repair with mesh augmentation. The rate of surgical site infections was 1/77 in the P-K group and 0/77 in the LLT group (p = 1.0). In the P-K group, a wound protector was used in 86% of patients whereas in the LLT group, 39% of the wounds were protected during specimen extraction (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: The Pfannenstiel-Kerr incision may be the preferred extraction site compared with the left lower transverse incision given the significant reduction of the risk of incisional hernias.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Hérnia Abdominal/epidemiologia , Hérnia Incisional/epidemiologia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Doenças do Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Hérnia Abdominal/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Incidência , Hérnia Incisional/prevenção & controle , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Análise por Pareamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Suíça/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Surg Res ; 247: 220-226, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31708198

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the increased adoption of minimally invasive techniques in colorectal surgery, an open resection with ostomy creation remains an accepted operation for perforated diverticulitis. In the United States, there is an increase in the rates of both morbid obesity and diverticular disease. Therefore, we wanted to explore whether outcomes for morbidly obese patients with diverticulitis are worse than nonmorbidly obese patients after open colectomy for diverticulitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database from 2005 to 2015, we identified adults with emergent admission for diverticulitis (International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, code 562.11) with evidence of preoperative sepsis and intraoperative contaminated/dirty wound classification, in which a resection with ostomy (Current Procedural Terminology codes 44141, 44143, or 44144) was performed. We excluded cases with age >90 y, ventilator dependence, evidence of disseminated cancer and missing sex, race, body mass index, functional status, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, length of stay (LOS), or operative time data. Morbid obesity was defined as body mass index >35 kg/m2. Risk variables of interest included age, sex, race, medical comorbidities, requirement for preoperative transfusion, preoperative sepsis, and operative time. Outcomes of interest included LOS, 30-d postoperative complications, and mortality. Univariate and propensity scores with postmatching analyses were performed. RESULTS: A total of 2019 patients met inclusion and exclusion criteria, of which 413 (20.5%) were morbidly obese. Morbidly obese patients tended to be younger (mean 57.2 versus 62.6 y) and female (54.5% versus 45.5%). Morbidly obese patients also had higher rates of insulin-dependent diabetes (8.0% versus 4.2%), hypertension (60.1% versus 51.3%), renal failure (3.4% versus 1.5%), and higher American Society of Anesthesiologists class (class 4: 23.5% versus 19.6% and class 5: 1.45% versus 0.87%). Morbidly obese patient had no increase in 30-d mortality or LOS, but they had higher rates of superficial wound infection (9.0% versus 5.8%; P = 0.0259), deep wound infection (4.4% versus 1.9%; P = 0.0073), acute renal failure (4.8% versus 2.4%; P = 0.0189), postoperative septic shock (17.7% versus 12.1%; P = 0.0040), and return to the operating room (11.1% versus 6.4%; P = 0.0015). We identified 397 morbidly obese patients well matched by propensity score to 397 nonmorbidly obese patients. Conditional logistic regression showed no difference in LOS (median 12.9 versus 12.4 d; P = 0.4648) and no increased risk of 30-d mortality (P = 0.947), but morbid obesity was an independent predictor for return to the operating room (adjusted odds ratio: 27.09 [95% confidence interval: 2.68-274.20]; P = 0.005). CONCLUSIONS: This analysis of a large national clinical database demonstrates that morbidly obese patients presenting with perforated diverticulitis undergoing a Hartmann's procedure do not have increased mortality or LOS compared with nonobese patients. After adjusting for the effects of morbid obesity, morbidly obese patients had increased risk of return to operating room. Despite literature describing the many perioperative risks of obesity, our analysis showed only increased reoperation for obese patients with diverticulitis.


Assuntos
Colostomia/efeitos adversos , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Perfuração Intestinal/cirurgia , Obesidade Mórbida/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Sepse/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença Diverticular do Colo/complicações , Doença Diverticular do Colo/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Perfuração Intestinal/etiologia , Perfuração Intestinal/mortalidade , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Período Perioperatório/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/mortalidade , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
18.
Int J Med Robot ; 16(1): e2068, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31875352

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Introduction of the da Vinci Xi system has facilitated the use of robotics in colorectal surgery. Nevertheless, data on the outcomes of robotic surgery for the treatment of colonic diverticulitis have remained scarce. METHODS: Patient demographics, clinical characteristics, and perioperative outcomes of the patients undergoing totally robotic with the da Vinci Xi system or laparoscopic surgery for left-sided colonic diverticulitis (LCD) were compared. RESULTS: Laparoscopic and robotic groups included 22 and 20 patients, respectively. There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of patient demographics, clinical characteristics, operative time, and postoperative complications. There were three conversions in the laparoscopy group and no conversion in the robotic group (P = 0.23). Conversion to open surgery was associated with postoperative morbidity (P = 0.02). CONCLUSION: Robotic surgery is an applicable alternative for the treatment of LCD. Robotic approach may potentially lower the risk of operative morbidity by reducing the requirement of conversion.


Assuntos
Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
19.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 30(4): 104-113, dic. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1096799

RESUMO

Introducción: Los pacientes que se presentan con cuadros de peritonitis de origen diverticular (estadios Hinchey III o IV) en un contexto de sepsis severa con inestabilidad hemodinámica (shock séptico) la realización de anastomosis primaria presenta una alta tasa de dehiscencia anastomótica y mortalidad operatoria, aconsejándose la realización de una resección y abocamiento a la manera de Hartmann. Sin embargo, la alta tasa de complicaciones relacionadas a la confección del ostoma, la complejidad de la cirugía de restauración del tránsito intestinal, asociado a que entre el 40 % y el 60 % de los Hartmann no se reconstruyen, ha estimulado a que se intenten otras variables de resolución para esta compleja y grave patología. Diversas publicaciones en los últimos años han propuesto la táctica de "cirugía del control del daño" con el objeto de disminuir la morbimortalidad de estos gravísimos cuadros sépticos y a su vez reducir la tasa de ostomías. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia inicial con esta modalidad de manejo de la peritonitis diverticular Hinchey III/IV sepsis severa e inestabilidad hemodinámica (shock séptico) y realizar una revisión bibliográfica del tema. Material y método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, de series de casos. Entre noviembre de 2015 y diciembre de 2016. Servicio de coloproctología del complejo médico hospitalario Churruca-Visca de la ciudad de Buenos Aires y práctica privada de los autores. Se utilizó la técnica de laparotomía abreviada y cierre temporal del abdomen mediante un sistema de presión negativa. Resultados: En el periodo descripto se operaron 17 pacientes con peritonitis generalizada purulenta o fecal de origen diverticular. Catorce casos fueron Hinchey III (82,36%) y 3 casos Hinchey IV (17,64%). En 3 casos se observó inestabilidad hemodinámica en el preoperatorio o intraoperatorio. Todos ellos correspondientes al estadio IV de Hinchey. Se describen los 3 casos tratados mediante esta táctica quirúrgica. Discusión: La alta tasa de morbimortalidad de este subgrupo de pacientes incentivó a diversos grupos quirúrgicos a implementar la técnica de control del daño, permitiendo de esta manera estabilizar a los pacientes hemodinámicamente y en un segundo tiempo evaluar la reconstrucción del tránsito intestinal. En concordancia con estas publicaciones, dos de nuestros pacientes operados con esta estrategia, pudieron ser anastomosados luego del segundo lavado abdominal. Conclusión: En pacientes con peritonitis diverticular severa asociado a shock séptico el concepto de laparotomía abreviada con control inicial del foco séptico, cierre temporal del abdomen con sistema de presión negativa y posterior evaluación de la reconstrucción del tránsito intestinal, es muy alentador. Permitiendo una disminución de la morbimortalidad como así también del número de ostomías. (AU)


Introduction: Patients presenting with diverticular peritonitis (Hinchey III or IV stages) in a context of severe sepsis with hemodynamic instability (septic shock), performing primary anastomosis has a high rate of dehiscence anastomotic and operative mortality, advising the realization of a resection and ostoma in the manner of Hartmann. However, the high rate of complications related to performing of ostoma, the complexity of intestinal transit restoration surgery, associated with the 40% to 60% of Hartmann reversal not performed, has encouraged other variables to be attempted resolution for this complex and serious pathology. Several publications in recent years have proposed the tactic of "damage control surgery" in order to reduce the morbidity of these serious septic charts while reducing the rate of ostomies. The objective of this study is to present our initial experience with this modality of management of the diverticular peritonitis Hinchey III/IV severe sepsis and hemodynamic instability (septic shock) and to carry out a bibliographic review of the subject. Material and method: Observational, descriptive study of case series. Between November 2015 and December 2016. Coloproctology service of the Churruca-Visca hospital medical complex in the city of Buenos Aires and private practice of the authors. The technique of abbreviated laparotomy and temporary closure of the abdomen was used by a negative pressure system. Results: In the period described, 17 patients with generalized purulent or fecal peritonitis of diverticular origin were operated. Fourteen cases were Hinchey III (82.36%) and 3 cases Hinchey IV (17.64%).In 3 cases, hemodynamic instability was observed in the preoperative or intraoperative period. all of them corresponding to Hinchey's Stage IV. The 3 cases treated using this surgical tactic are described. Discussion: The high morbidity rate of this subgroup of patients encouraged various surgical groups to implement the damage control technique, thus allowing patients to stabilize hemodynamically and in a second time evaluate reconstruction intestinal transit. In line with these publications, two of our patients operated on with this strategy could be anastomosated after the second abdominal wash. Conclusion: In patients with severe diverticular peritonitis associated with septic shock, the concept of abbreviated laparotomy with initial control of the septic focus, temporary closure of the abdomen with negative pressure system and subsequent evaluation of transit reconstruction intestinal, it's encouraging. Allowing a decrease in morbidity as well as the number of ostomies. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Peritonite/cirurgia , Choque Séptico , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa , Laparotomia/métodos , Peritonite/etiologia , Reoperação , Lavagem Peritoneal , Colostomia/métodos , Colostomia/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Epidemiologia Descritiva , Sepse , Doença Diverticular do Colo/complicações , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos Abdominais , Laparotomia/mortalidade
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