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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21752, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872067

RESUMO

RATIONALE: As the major complications post allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), gastrointestinal disorders were most commonly ascribed to acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) and opportunistic infections. Though Giardia lamblia (G lamblia) is the most common waterborne parasite of intestinal infection worldwide, seldom has it been reported in a patient with acute severe aplastic anemia after allo-HSCT. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 23-year-old male with severe aplastic anemia developed diarrhea, abdominal cramps, bloating, nausea, vomiting, fever, weight loss, and fatigue after allo-HSCT. DIAGNOSIS: Stool examinations for ova and parasites showed Giardia trophozoites and cysts. INTERVENTIONS: Methylprednisolone was stopped and the patient was intravenously treated with a 7-day course of metronidazole (500 mg, tid.). Simultaneously, cyclosporine (5 mg/kg) was continually utilized for suspicious gut GVHD. OUTCOMES: The Giardia lamblia in stool turned negative and his symptoms were resolved after the 7-day course. LESSONS: Incorporating non-invasive monitoring of stool examination for ova and parasites in the follow-up algorithm for post-HSCT patients can expedite clinical decision-making in the differential diagnoses for aGVHD even in the non-endemic area. Metronidazole therapy can be well-tolerated in HSCT patients with giardiasis.


Assuntos
Giardia lamblia/isolamento & purificação , Giardíase/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Masculino , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
2.
Ann Hematol ; 99(9): 2181-2190, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32715339

RESUMO

We retrospectively analyzed the safety and efficacy of cyclophosphamide (cyclo) for salvage treatment of chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGvHD) and cGvHD-associated (glomerulo-)nephritis at our center between 01/2010 and 11/2019. We identified 13 patients (pts) receiving cyclo for treatment of moderate (3/13) and severe (6/13) steroid-refractory cGvHD, cGvHD-associated (glomerulo-)nephritis (3/13), or vasculitis-like CNS manifestation of cGvHD (1/13). Cyclo was started on median day 509 (range 42-8193) after cGvHD onset; the median duration of application was 153 days (range 14-486) with 2/13 currently continuing treatment. The National Institute of Health organ grading and the intensity of immunosuppression (IS) were assessed at cyclo start and repeated after 3, 6, and 12 months. Response assessment was stopped at the start of any additional new IS. The median time of follow up was 407 days (range 86-1534). Best response was 1/13 CR, 6/13 PR, 4/13 SD, 1/13 MR, and 1/13 PD (ORR 54%). Significant and durable response was observed especially in cGvHD-associated (glomerulo-)nephritis (3/3). Infectious complications > CTCAE grade III were observed in 3/12 pts. During cyclo therapy, none of the pts suffered from recurrence of underlying malignancy. Overall, cyclo was relatively well tolerated and showed responses in heavily pretreated patients but requires further evaluation within clinical trials.


Assuntos
Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Terapia de Salvação/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos
3.
Lancet HIV ; 7(9): e602-e610, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649866

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Allogeneic blood or marrow transplantation (alloBMT) is a potentially life-saving treatment for individuals with HIV and haematological malignancies; challenges include identifying donors and maintaining antiretroviral therapy (ART). The objectives of our study were to investigate interventions to expand donor options and to prevent ART interruptions for patients with HIV in need of alloBMT. METHODS: This single-arm, interventional trial took place at the Johns Hopkins Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center (Baltimore, MD, USA). Individuals with HIV who were at least 18 years of age and referred for alloBMT for a standard clinical indication were eligible. The only exclusion criterion was a history of documented resistance to enfuvirtide. We used post-transplant cyclophosphamide as graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis to expand donor options and an optimised ART strategy of avoiding pharmacoenhancers and adding subcutaneous enfuvirtide during post-transplant cyclophosphamide and during oral medication intolerance. Our primary outcome was the proportion of participants who maintained ART through day 60 after alloBMT. We measured the HIV latent reservoir using a quantitative viral outgrowth assay. This study is registered on ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01836068. FINDINGS: Between June 1, 2013, and August 27, 2015, nine patients who were referred for transplant provided consent. Two patients had relapsed malignancy before donor searches were initiated. Seven patients had suitable donors identified (two matched sibling, two matched unrelated, two haploidentical, and one single-antigen mismatched unrelated) and proceeded to alloBMT. All patients maintained ART through day 60 and required ART changes (median 1, range 1-3) in the first 90 days. One patient stopped ART and developed HIV rebound with grade 4 meningoencephalitis at day 146. Among six patients who underwent alloBMT and had longitudinal measurements available, the HIV latent reservoir was not detected post-alloBMT in four patients with more than 95% donor chimerism, consistent with a 2·06-2·54 log10 reduction in the HIV latent reservoir. In the two patients with less than 95% donor chimerism, the HIV latent reservoir remained stable. INTERPRETATION: By using post-transplant cyclophosphamide as GVHD prophylaxis, we successfully expanded alloBMT donor options for patients with HIV. Continuing ART with a regimen that includes enfuvirtide post-alloBMT was safe, but life-threatening viral rebound can occur with ART interruption. FUNDING: amfAR (the Foundation for AIDS Research), Johns Hopkins University Center for AIDS Research, and National Cancer Institute.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/complicações , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Adulto , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade , Transplante de Medula Óssea/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Carga Viral
4.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1655-1665, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524200

RESUMO

Second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has a low survival outcome and a high non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate which is a major obstacle to this treatment. We hypothesized that the status of malnourishment after first allo-HSCT as represented by the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) could be used as a prognostic factor to determine the outcomes of second allo-HSCT. A total of 108 patients with a median age of 42 (range, 17-69) years, who received second allo-HSCT for disease recurrence after first allo-HSCT from our institution, were included in this study. Low GNRI had a significant impact on NRM at 2 years after second allo-HSCT: 56.9% in patients with GNRI ≤ 92 compared with 27.5% in patients with GNRI > 92 (P = 0.002). In multivariate analysis, GNRI of ≤ 92 was the only significant factor for NRM (hazard ratio [HR] 2.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15-4.56, P = 0.018). High-risk disease status at second allo-HSCT (HR 2.74, 95% CI 1.46-5.14, P = 0.002) and GNRI of ≤ 92 (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.02-2.82, P = 0.042) were identified as significant factors for overall survival (OS). A score of 1 was assigned to each factor, and the OS rate at 2 years after second allo-HSCT decreased according to the score: 53.0% in patients with score 0, 32.3% with score 1, and 2.5% with score 2 (P < 0.001). In conclusion, GNRI could be a useful predictor for the outcomes of second allo-HSCT. A prospective study in other cohorts is warranted to validate the findings of our study.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/complicações , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/mortalidade , Desnutrição/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Retratamento/efeitos adversos , Retratamento/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ann Hematol ; 99(6): 1377-1387, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382774

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) represents a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT). Several strategies exist for GVHD prophylaxis and include post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG). While several groups have described the use of PTCY in younger patients, there is a paucity of data about the efficacy of PTCY in older individuals, particularly when combined with ATG. We investigated the effect of PTCY and ATG combination on transplant outcomes in older patients at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Canada. Compared to those patients who received other forms of GVHD prophylaxis, individuals who received ATG-PTCY combination had higher 2-year overall survival (OS), 57% (95% confidence interval, 44-69) vs 37% (26-49), P = 0.02; higher 2-year graft-vs-host- and relapse-free survival (GRFS), 27% (17-39) vs 12% (6-21), P = 0.01; lower 2-year non-relapse mortality (NRM), 21% (12-32) vs 45% (33-56), P = 1.00 × 10-3; lower 100-day incidence of grade 2-4 acute GVHD (aGVHD), 11% (5-21) vs 28% (18-39), P = 0.02; and lower 100-day incidence of grade 3-4 aGVHD, 0% vs 7% (3-15), P = 0.02 without an increase in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), 31% (20-43) vs 21% (12-32), P = 0.14. Therefore, in older HCT recipients, use of PTCY combined with ATG is associated with improved OS, lower NRM, decreased risk of aGVHD, and improved GRFS without a significant increase in relapse risk. Therefore, the PTCY with ATG combination represents an effective strategy for GVHD prophylaxis in older allogeneic HCT recipients.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
7.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(7): e28263, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323913

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Indications for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) in pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML) are primarily dependent on risk stratification at diagnosis and relapse status. We sought to determine whether access to HSCT is influenced by regional and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Children with newly diagnosed AML aged < 15 years between 2001 and 2015 were identified using the Cancer in Young People in Canada national population-based registry. Factors potentially associated with the receipt of HSCT were studied using univariate and multivariable logistic regression models. RESULTS: Overall, 568 children with newly diagnosed AML were included and 262 (46%) received HSCT. A greater proportion of patients, 103/157 (65.6%), underwent HSCT after first or subsequent relapse compared to 159/411 (38.7%) patients who underwent transplant before relapse. Among patients for whom HSCT would be considered before relapse, factors associated with higher odds of HSCT in a multivariable analysis were: poor versus good-risk cytogenetics (Odds ratio [OR]: 30.0, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 7.7-117.0), diagnosis during 2012-2015 versus 2001-2006 (OR: 3.2, 95% CI: 1.6-6.3), diagnosis in eastern Canada versus central Canada (OR: 3.7, 95% CI: 1.9-7.3), and age 10-14 years versus age < 1 year (OR: 5.4, 95% CI: 2.3-12.8). Among patients for whom HSCT would be considered after first relapse, higher odds of HSCT was associated with diagnosis at a HSCT center (OR: 2.1, 95% CI: 1.1-4.1). CONCLUSION: Patients diagnosed at a HSCT performing center and patients from eastern Canada had higher odds of receiving HSCT. This may suggest preferential access to HSCT for certain patients.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Canadá/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/diagnóstico , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
9.
PLoS One ; 15(2): e0228508, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040515

RESUMO

DNAM-1 (CD226) is an activating immunoreceptor expressed on T cells and NK cells and involved in the pathogenesis of acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). We previously reported that a soluble form of DNAM-1 (sDNAM-1) is generated by shedding from activated T cells. Moreover, higher serum levels of sDNAM-1 in patients before allo-HSCT is a predictive biomarker for the development of aGVHD based on the retrospective univariate and multivariate analyses in allo-HSCT patients. However, it remains unclear how the serum levels of sDNAM-1 are regulated after allo-HSCT and whether they are associated with the development of aGVHD. Here, we constructed a mathematical model to assess the dynamics of sDNAM-1 after allo-HSCT by assuming that there are three types of sDNAM-1 (the first and the second were from alloreactive and non-alloreactive donor lymphocytes, respectively, and the third from recipient lymphocytes). Our mathematical model fitted well to the data set of sDNAM-1 in patients (n = 67) who had undergone allo-HSCT and suggest that the high proportion of the first type of sDNAM-1 to the total of the first and second types is associated with high risk of the development of severe aGVHD. Thus, sDNAM-1 after allo-HSCT can be a biomarker for the development of aGVHD.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Modelos Teóricos , Adulto , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/análise , Antígenos de Diferenciação de Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Biomarcadores/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Meia-Vida , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos
11.
Int J Hematol ; 111(4): 574-578, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912373

RESUMO

We have previously reported that haematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation recipients with biopsy-negative acute Gastrointestinal Graft versus Host Disease (Discordant GVHD) demonstrate superior survival compared to "True Positive" cases. We aimed to elucidate this discrepancy by examining clinical and laboratory predictors of survival among patients treated for True Positive or Discordant GVHD. Data were obtained by retrospective chart review. At diagnosis, the incidence of severe symptoms, hypoalbuminaemia, hyperbilirubinaemia, and poor performance status were recorded. Following treatment, the incidence of non-response to first-line corticosteroids was assessed. Differences between cohorts were compared using Fisher's exact test. 74 patients were identified, comprising 55 (74%) True Positive and 19 (26%) Discordant GVHD cases. True Positive cases were significantly more likely to have baseline severe symptoms (84% vs. 36%; p = 0.0002) and hypoalbuminaemia (94% vs. 75%; p = 0.023). There was no significant difference between cohorts in terms of hyperbilirubinaemia or performance status. Non-response to corticosteroid therapy was observed significantly more frequently in the True Positive cohort (55% vs. 11%; p = 0.001). In summary, the superior survival observed in Discordant GVHD is explained by a less severe GI-GVHD phenotype at diagnosis and a greater likelihood of response to corticosteroids. Further research is warranted to explain biological mechanisms for these findings.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
12.
Bull Cancer ; 107(1S): S28-S35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303250

RESUMO

Acute and chronic renal failures are very common after allogeneic HSCT. These complications have a real impact on mortality and morbidity of transplant recipients. Within the framework of the ninth workshops of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2018, various causes and mechanisms of renal failure, diagnostic work-up, treatment and recommendations to limit renal failure after transplantation are reviewed. Recommendations to adjust medications to avoid renal failure are also proposed in this article.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Insuficiência Renal/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/prevenção & controle , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Incidência , Síndrome Nefrótica/etiologia , Insuficiência Renal/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Renal/terapia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Microangiopatias Trombóticas , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo
13.
Bull Cancer ; 107(1S): S18-S27, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30952358

RESUMO

Hepatobiliary complications are frequent in the context of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) and contribute largely to the morbidity and mortality after transplantation. Within the framework of the ninth workshops of practice harmonization of the Francophone Society of Bone Marrow Transplantation and Cellular Therapy (SFGM-TC) held in Lille in September 2018, diagnostic approaches and treatments of hepatobiliary dysfunctions prior to and following transplantation were reviewed according to the analysis of published studies.


Assuntos
Doenças Biliares/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Aloenxertos , Doenças Biliares/diagnóstico , Doenças Biliares/terapia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Hepatite Viral Humana/diagnóstico , Hepatite Viral Humana/terapia , Hepatite Viral Humana/transmissão , Humanos , Sobrecarga de Ferro/diagnóstico , Sobrecarga de Ferro/etiologia , Sobrecarga de Ferro/terapia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Hepatopatias/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos
14.
Intern Med ; 59(1): 113-118, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31462594

RESUMO

A 51-year-old woman with Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia underwent a second cord blood transplantation followed by maintenance therapy with interferon-α. After 33 months, she developed cardiogenic shock caused by advanced atrioventricular block. Laboratory tests revealed increased myocardium enzymes, and ultrasonic cardiography demonstrated mild thickening of the left ventricular wall. She was diagnosed with myocarditis and successfully treated using prednisolone. Myocarditis after allogeneic stem cell transplantation is a rare but potentially fatal complication. However, it is important for physicians to be aware of this complication because all of the symptoms may be reversed with immunosuppressive treatment.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Atrioventricular/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/complicações , Miocardite/etiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/terapia , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/diagnóstico , Bloqueio Atrioventricular/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocardite/diagnóstico , Miocardite/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisolona/uso terapêutico , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia
15.
J Oncol Pharm Pract ; 26(1): 5-12, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30854922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Posaconazole reduces the risk of invasive Aspergillus in transplant patients, but significantly inhibits tacrolimus metabolism. One study demonstrated that a three-fold dose reduction of tacrolimus was required to obtain therapeutic concentrations when used with posaconazole. However, with empiric dose reduction, there is a risk of subtherapeutic tacrolimus levels and subsequent graft failure or graft-versus-host disease. Overall, the existing data on the impact of posaconazole on tacrolimus pharmacokinetics is limited. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to determine whether tacrolimus doses should be decreased upon initiation of posaconazole in patients receiving an allogeneic stem cell transplant. METHODS: This is a retrospective chart review at an academic medical center. All allogeneic stem cell transplant adults who received concomitant posaconazole and tacrolimus from February 2016 through December 2017 were included. RESULTS: Seventy-nine patients identified using an internal electronic database were analyzed. The median time to therapeutic tacrolimus concentration was significantly longer in patients who did not receive an empiric dose reduction (0% DR, 10d; 1-30% DR, 4d; 31-65% DR, 5d; >65% DR, 4d; p = 0.0395). The rate of supratherapeutic levels was highest amongst patients who did not receive an empiric DR, and was noted to be significant compared to the group that had 31-65% DR (p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: This study validates our current practice of instituting an empiric 50% dose reduction of oral tacrolimus to 0.03 mg/kg/day when used concomitantly with posaconazole to achieve therapeutic levels in allogeneic stem cell transplant patients.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacocinética , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/tendências , Imunossupressores/farmacocinética , Transplante de Células-Tronco/tendências , Tacrolimo/farmacocinética , Triazóis/farmacocinética , Adulto , Antifúngicos/administração & dosagem , Esquema de Medicação , Interações Medicamentosas/fisiologia , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tacrolimo/administração & dosagem , Triazóis/administração & dosagem
16.
BMC Immunol ; 20(1): 46, 2019 12 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31818250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is one of the most complex complications after allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Current standard of grading system is based on clinical symptoms in skin, liver and intestinal. However, it's difficult to differ GVHD and its extent just by clinical manifestation. Here we retrospectively analyzed cell immune function in patients implemented allogeneic stem cell transplantation in Ningbo first Hospital from Jan 2013 to Jan 2018. RESULTS: the data are collected from 51 patients (mean age was 42; 45.1% women). The average NK cell percentage was 39.31% in severe GVHD (Grade III-IV), was 16.98% in mild GVHD (GradeI-II), while was 21.15% in No GVHD group. The statistical analysis showed difference among each grade. Further analysis was performed in Antithymocyte globulin (ATG) treated group and control group. We showed NK Cell percentage was sharply different in ATG treated group: 47.34% in severe GVHD, 11.98% in mild GVHD group, while 18.3% in no GVHD group. However, in control group, the average percentage of NK cells was 23.27% in severe GVHD, was 23.22%in mild GVHD group, while was 21.13% in no GVHD group. CONCLUSION: The data supports that ATG can prevent GVHD by increasing NK cell percentage. The percentage of NK cell seemed to be a useful probe to evaluate the severity of GVHD in allogeneic stem cell transplantation patients using ATG in pretreatment.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Soro Antilinfocitário/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Células Matadoras Naturais/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
17.
Blood Adv ; 3(24): 4264-4270, 2019 12 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31869413

RESUMO

We evaluated the role of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) in transplant-naïve patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) who failed to attain metabolic complete response (mCR) to 1 to 2 lines of salvage chemotherapyThose with residual but nonprogressive disease assessed by positron emission tomography/computed tomography scanning were eligible. An additional 1 to 2 cycles of salvage therapy were permissible in those with progressive disease or when required to bridge to allo-HSCT, with additional imaging at baseline before transplantation. Conditioning consisted of carmustine, etoposide, cytarabine, melphalan, and alemtuzumab. Donor lymphocyte infusions (DLI) were administered for mixed chimerism or residual or relapsed disease. Eleven patients had sibling donors, 13 had HLA-matched unrelated donors, and 7 had HLA-mismatched unrelated donors. There were no graft failures, and no episodes of grade 4 acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD); only 19.4% of patients had grade 2 to 3 GVHD, and 22.2% had extensive chronic GVHD. The non-relapse mortality rate was 16.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 7.1%-34.5%). Relapse incidence was 18.7% (95% CI, 8.2%-39.2%). The study met its primary objective, with a 3-year progression-free survival of 67.7% (95% CI, 48.4%-81.2%). Survival outcomes were equivalent in those with residual metabolically active disease immediately before transplantation (n = 24 [70.8%; 95% CI, 17.2%-83.7%]). Two of the 5 patients who relapsed received DLI and remained in mCR at latest follow-up, with a 3-year overall survival of 80.7% (95% CI, 61.9%-90.8%). We demonstrate encouraging results that establish a potential role for allo-HSCT in selected high-risk patients with HL. This trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00908180.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Blood Cancer J ; 9(12): 88, 2019 11 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740656

RESUMO

Second allogeneic stem-cell transplantation (SCT2) is a therapeutic option for patients with AML relapsing after a first transplant. Prior studies have shown similar results after SCT2 from the same or different donor; however, there are limited data on second non-T-depleted haplo-identical transplant in this setting. We retrospectively analyzed SCT2 outcomes in 556 patients, median age 46 years, relapsing after first transplant given in CR1. Patients were divided into three groups based on SCT2 donor (donor2): same donor (n = 163, sib/sib-112, UD/UD-51), different matched donor (n = 305, sib/different sib-44, sib/UD-93, UD/different UD-168), or haplo-donor (n = 88, sib/haplo-45, UD/haplo-43). Two-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) rate after SCT2 was 23.5%, 23.7%, and 21.8%, respectively (P = 0.30). Multivariate analysis showed no effect of donor2 type on relapse: hazard ratio (HR) 0.89 (P = 0.57) and 1.11 (P = 0.68) for different donor and haplo-donor compared to same donor, respectively. However, donor2 did predict for non-relapse mortality (NRM) after SCT2: HR 1.21 (P = 0.50) and 2.08 (P = 0.03), respectively, and for LFS: HR 1.00 (P = 0.97) and 1.43 (P = 0.07), respectively. In conclusion, SCT2 with the same or different matched donor is associated with similar outcomes in patients with relapsed AML. Non-T-depleted haplo-identical transplant may be associated with higher NRM, similar relapse rate and with no better results in this setting.


Assuntos
Seleção do Doador , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/etiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva , Retratamento , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
20.
Semin Immunopathol ; 41(6): 655-664, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31673757

RESUMO

Allogeneic transplantation of hematopoietic stem cells (allo-HCT) represents an increasingly employed therapeutic approach to potentially cure patients suffering from life-threatening malignant and autoimmune disorders. Despite its lifesaving potential, immune-mediated allo-reactivity inherent to the allogeneic transplantation can be observed within up to 50% of all allo-HCT patients regularly resulting in the manifestation of acute and/or chronic graft-versus-host disease (GvHD). Mechanistically, especially donor T cells are assumed to chiefly drive inflammation that can occur in virtually all organs, with the skin, liver, and gut representing as the most frequently affected anatomic sites. Especially in the presence of intestinal manifestations of GvHD, the risk that the disease takes a life-threatening, potentially fatal course is significantly increased. In the light of a rapid gain of knowledge in respect to decode innate and adaptive immunity related mechanisms as, e.g., cytokine networks, intracellular signaling pathways or environmental triggers as, e.g., the intestinal microbiota and the development of novel therapeutic approaches, detailed insight into endogenous mechanisms seeking to counterbalance the proinflammatory machinery or to proactively foster signals promoting the resolution of allo-driven intestinal inflammation is emerging. Here, we seek to highlight the key aspects of those mechanisms involved in and contributing to the resolution of GvHD-associated intestinal inflammation. Concomitantly, we would like to briefly outline and discuss promising future experimental targets suitable to be therapeutically employed to directionally deflect the tissue response from a proinflammatory to an inflammation-resolving type of intestinal GvHD after allo-HCT.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Enteropatias/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Gerenciamento Clínico , Suscetibilidade a Doenças , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Homeostase , Humanos , Enteropatias/diagnóstico , Enteropatias/epidemiologia , Enteropatias/terapia
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