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1.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0236274, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722695

RESUMO

Mortality at an early stage after kidney transplantation is a catastrophic event. Treatment-related mortality (TRM) within 1 or 3 months after kidney transplantation has been seldom reported. We designed a retrospective observational cohort study using a national population-based database, which included information about all kidney recipients between 2003 and 2016. A total of 16,073 patients who underwent kidney transplantation were included. The mortality rates 1 month (early TRM) and 3 months (TRM) after transplantation were 0.5% (n = 74) and 1.0% (n = 160), respectively. Based on a multivariate analysis, older age (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.06; P < 0.001), coronary artery disease (HR = 3.02; P = 0.002), and hemodialysis compared with pre-emptive kidney transplantation (HR = 2.53; P = 0.046) were the risk factors for early TRM. Older age (HR = 1.07; P < 0.001), coronary artery disease (HR = 2.88; P < 0.001), and hemodialysis (HR = 2.35; P = 0.004) were the common independent risk factors for TRM. In contrast, cardiac arrhythmia (HR = 1.98; P = 0.027) was associated only with early TRM, and fungal infection (HR = 2.61; P < 0.001), and epoch of transplantation (HR = 0.34; P < 0.001) were the factors associated with only TRM. The identified risk factors should be considered in patient counselling, selection, and management to prevent TRM.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Rim , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Humanos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Diálise Renal , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
2.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1655-1665, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32524200

RESUMO

Second allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) has a low survival outcome and a high non-relapse mortality (NRM) rate which is a major obstacle to this treatment. We hypothesized that the status of malnourishment after first allo-HSCT as represented by the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI) could be used as a prognostic factor to determine the outcomes of second allo-HSCT. A total of 108 patients with a median age of 42 (range, 17-69) years, who received second allo-HSCT for disease recurrence after first allo-HSCT from our institution, were included in this study. Low GNRI had a significant impact on NRM at 2 years after second allo-HSCT: 56.9% in patients with GNRI ≤ 92 compared with 27.5% in patients with GNRI > 92 (P = 0.002). In multivariate analysis, GNRI of ≤ 92 was the only significant factor for NRM (hazard ratio [HR] 2.29, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.15-4.56, P = 0.018). High-risk disease status at second allo-HSCT (HR 2.74, 95% CI 1.46-5.14, P = 0.002) and GNRI of ≤ 92 (HR 1.70, 95% CI 1.02-2.82, P = 0.042) were identified as significant factors for overall survival (OS). A score of 1 was assigned to each factor, and the OS rate at 2 years after second allo-HSCT decreased according to the score: 53.0% in patients with score 0, 32.3% with score 1, and 2.5% with score 2 (P < 0.001). In conclusion, GNRI could be a useful predictor for the outcomes of second allo-HSCT. A prospective study in other cohorts is warranted to validate the findings of our study.


Assuntos
Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Neoplasias Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Desnutrição/diagnóstico , Estado Nutricional , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/complicações , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Indicadores Básicos de Saúde , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Desnutrição/etiologia , Desnutrição/mortalidade , Desnutrição/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Retratamento/efeitos adversos , Retratamento/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Homólogo/métodos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Ann Hematol ; 99(6): 1377-1387, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32382774

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) represents a major contributor to morbidity and mortality in recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplants (HCT). Several strategies exist for GVHD prophylaxis and include post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PTCY) and anti-thymocyte globulin (ATG). While several groups have described the use of PTCY in younger patients, there is a paucity of data about the efficacy of PTCY in older individuals, particularly when combined with ATG. We investigated the effect of PTCY and ATG combination on transplant outcomes in older patients at Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, Toronto, Canada. Compared to those patients who received other forms of GVHD prophylaxis, individuals who received ATG-PTCY combination had higher 2-year overall survival (OS), 57% (95% confidence interval, 44-69) vs 37% (26-49), P = 0.02; higher 2-year graft-vs-host- and relapse-free survival (GRFS), 27% (17-39) vs 12% (6-21), P = 0.01; lower 2-year non-relapse mortality (NRM), 21% (12-32) vs 45% (33-56), P = 1.00 × 10-3; lower 100-day incidence of grade 2-4 acute GVHD (aGVHD), 11% (5-21) vs 28% (18-39), P = 0.02; and lower 100-day incidence of grade 3-4 aGVHD, 0% vs 7% (3-15), P = 0.02 without an increase in the 2-year cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR), 31% (20-43) vs 21% (12-32), P = 0.14. Therefore, in older HCT recipients, use of PTCY combined with ATG is associated with improved OS, lower NRM, decreased risk of aGVHD, and improved GRFS without a significant increase in relapse risk. Therefore, the PTCY with ATG combination represents an effective strategy for GVHD prophylaxis in older allogeneic HCT recipients.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Transplante Homólogo/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Transplante Homólogo/efeitos adversos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(7): e161-e166, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32389803

RESUMO

With the COVID-19 pandemic and the ensuing barriers to the collection and transport of donor cells, it is often necessary to collect and cryopreserve grafts before initiation of transplantation conditioning. The effect on transplantation outcomes in nonmalignant disease is unknown. This analysis examined the effect of cryopreservation of related and unrelated donor grafts for transplantation for severe aplastic anemia in the United States during 2013 to 2019. Included are 52 recipients of cryopreserved grafts who were matched for age, donor type, and graft type to 194 recipients who received noncryopreserved grafts. Marginal Cox regression models were built to study the effect of cryopreservation and other risk factors associated with outcomes. We recorded higher 1-year rates of graft failure (hazard ratio [HR], 2.26; 95% confidence interval, 1.17 to 4.35; P = .01) and of 1-year overall mortality (HR, 3.13; 95% CI, 1.60 to 6.11; P = .0008) after transplantation of cryopreserved compared with noncryopreserved grafts, with adjustment for sex, performance score, comorbidity, cytomegalovirus serostatus, and ABO blood group match. The incidence of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease did not differ between the 2 groups. Adjusted probabilities of 1-year survival were 73% (95% CI, 60% to 84%) in the cryopreserved graft group and 91% (95% CI, 86% to 94%) in the noncryopreserved graft group. These data support the use of noncryopreserved grafts whenever possible in patients with severe aplastic anemia.


Assuntos
Anemia Aplástica/terapia , Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Criopreservação/métodos , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue Periférico/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anemia Aplástica/imunologia , Anemia Aplástica/mortalidade , Anemia Aplástica/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Irmãos , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Doadores não Relacionados
5.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(7): 1312-1317, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283185

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has created significant barriers to timely donor evaluation, cell collection, and graft transport for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). To ensure availability of donor cells on the scheduled date of infusion, many sites now collect cryopreserved grafts before the start of pretransplantation conditioning. Post-transplantation cyclophosphamide (ptCY) is an increasingly used approach for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, but the impact of graft cryopreservation on the outcomes of allo-HCT using ptCY is not known. Using the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research (CIBMTR) database, we compared the outcomes of HCT using cryopreserved versus fresh grafts in patients undergoing HCT for hematologic malignancy with ptCY. We analyzed 274 patients with hematologic malignancy undergoing allo-HCT between 2013 and 2018 with cryopreserved grafts and ptCY. Eighteen patients received bone marrow grafts and 256 received peripheral blood stem cell grafts. These patients were matched for age, graft type, disease risk index (DRI), and propensity score with 1080 patients who underwent allo-HCT with fresh grafts. The propensity score, which is an assessment of the likelihood of receiving a fresh graft versus a cryopreserved graft, was calculated using logistic regression to account for the following: disease histology, Karnofsky Performance Score (KPS), HCT Comorbidity Index, conditioning regimen intensity, donor type, and recipient race. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints included acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), non-relapse mortality (NRM), relapse/progression and disease-free survival (DFS). Because of multiple comparisons, only P values <.01 were considered statistically significant. The 2 cohorts (cryopreserved and fresh) were similar in terms of patient age, KPS, diagnosis, DRI, HCT-CI, donor/graft source, and conditioning intensity. One-year probabilities of OS were 71.1% (95% confidence interval [CI], 68.3% to 73.8%) with fresh grafts and 70.3% (95% CI, 64.6% to 75.7%) with cryopreserved grafts (P = .81). Corresponding probabilities of OS at 2 years were 60.6% (95% CI, 57.3% to 63.8%) and 58.7% (95% CI, 51.9% to 65.4%) (P = .62). In matched-pair regression analysis, graft cryopreservation was not associated with a significantly higher risk of mortality (hazard ratio [HR] for cryopreserved versus fresh, 1.05; 95% CI, .86 to 1.29; P = .60). Similarly, rates of neutrophil recovery (HR, .91; 95% CI, .80 to 1.02; P = .12), platelet recovery (HR, .88; 95% CI, .78 to 1.00; P = .05), grade III-IV acute GVHD (HR, .78; 95% CI, .50 to 1.22; P = .27), NRM (HR, 1.16; 95% CI, .86 to 1.55; P = .32) and relapse/progression (HR, 1.21; 95% CI, .97 to 1.50; P = .09) were similar with cryopreserved grafts versus fresh grafts. There were somewhat lower rates of chronic GVHD (HR, 78; 95% CI, .61 to .99; P = .04) and DFS (HR for treatment failure, 1.19; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.29; P = .04) with graft cryopreservation that were of marginal statistical significance after adjusting for multiple comparisons. Overall, our data indicate that graft cryopreservation does not significantly delay hematopoietic recovery, increase the risk of acute GVHD or NRM, or decrease OS after allo-HCT using ptCY.


Assuntos
Transplante de Medula Óssea/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Criopreservação/métodos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia/terapia , Linfoma/terapia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/imunologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Teste de Histocompatibilidade , Humanos , Leucemia/imunologia , Leucemia/mortalidade , Leucemia/patologia , Linfoma/imunologia , Linfoma/mortalidade , Linfoma/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/imunologia , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/patologia , Pandemias , Irmãos , Análise de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Transplante Homólogo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Doadores não Relacionados/provisão & distribução
6.
Am J Hematol ; 95(8): 927-936, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311156

RESUMO

Acute graft-vs-host disease (aGVHD) is one of the most important causes of early mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), particularly for those with steroid-refractory (SR)-aGVHD. We aimed to identify the prognostic factors and long-term clinical outcomes of basiliximab treatment for SR-aGVHD. Basiliximab was administered on days 1, 3, and 8, and repeated weekly until aGVHD was less than grade II, or patients showed no response after four doses. Out of 1498 patients receiving allo-HSCT, 230 patients with SR-aGVHD were enrolled. Grade III to IV aGVHD before basiliximab treatment significantly and independently predicted a poorer response to basiliximab in multivariate analysis. And, the cumulative incidence of overall response at 14 days, 28 days, and 56 days after treatment was 41.4% vs 23.1% (P = .023), 70.2% vs 43.6% (P = .002), and 80.1% vs 66.7% (P = .013), respectively. This was for those with grade II and grade III to IV aGVHD. Patients receiving more than four doses of basiliximab had higher rates of infections. The 4-year cumulative incidence of total and severe chronic GVHD after basiliximab treatment was 44.8% (95% CI 38.3%-51.3%) and 2.2% (95% CI 0.3%-4.1%), respectively. The 4-year cumulative incidence of relapse, non-relapse mortality, disease-free survival, and overall survival after basiliximab treatment was 11.3% (95% CI 7.2%-15.4%), 30.0% (95% CI 24.1%-35.9%), 58.7% (95% CI 52.3%-65.1%), and 61.7% (95% CI 55.4%-68.0%), respectively. Comorbidities before allo-HSCT and refined Minnesota aGVHD risk score at diagnosis had significant influences on long-term survival. Thus, basiliximab was a safe and effective treatment for patients with SR-aGVHD.


Assuntos
Basiliximab/uso terapêutico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Basiliximab/farmacologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Imunossupressores/farmacologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
7.
Ann Hematol ; 99(5): 1111-1119, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32253453

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) of the lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the major cause of non-relapse mortality (NRM) in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). This study aimed to identify variables associated with corticosteroid response and NRM in patients who developed lower GI aGVHD. We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of patients treated at Yonsei University Severance Hospital between 2008 and 2017. Among 244 recipients of alloHSCT, 48 (19.7%) were diagnosed as lower GI aGVHD at a median of 22 days after alloHSCT. In these cases, 20 (41.6%) patients were resistant to corticosteroid therapy. Corticosteroid resistance was associated with advanced stage of lower GI aGVHD (P = 0.019), low serum albumin (P = 0.006), and elevated CRP (P = 0.030) on day 7 after corticosteroid therapy. NRM rate was significantly higher in the corticosteroid-resistant group compared with the sensitive group (HR 5.339, P = 0.003). Multivariate analysis revealed serum albumin (P = 0.046), and CRP levels (P = 0.032) were independent prognostic factors for NRM. When the patients were classified into 3 groups according to Glasgow prognostic score (GPS), the rate of corticosteroid resistance was significantly higher in the high GPS group compared with the intermediate or low GPS group (83.3 vs. 27.2 and 15.3%, respectively, P < 0.001). We demonstrated that low serum albumin and elevated CRP level on day 7 after corticosteroid therapy are objective biomarkers of corticosteroid resistance and a significant predictor for higher NRM. These simple and practical parameters could be valuable information predicting response and prognosis in lower GI aGVHD.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Gastroenteropatias , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Albumina Sérica Humana/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Gastroenteropatias/sangue , Gastroenteropatias/etiologia , Gastroenteropatias/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos
8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(5): 1099-1110, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32206853

RESUMO

For patients without an HLA-matched donor, an HLA-mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD) has been considered as an alternative donor in allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT). We conducted a nationwide retrospective study to compare the transplant outcomes among 1-, 2-, and 3-locus (allele/antigen) mismatched unrelated donors (1MMUD n = 2044, 2MMUD n = 492, and 3MMUD n = 73) in allo-HCT and to assess the impact of antithymocyte globulin (ATG) in allo-HCT from 1-3MMUD. 2MMUD and 3MMUD were independent significant adverse factors for grade III-IV acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) (hazard ratio [HR] 1.72, p < 0.001 and HR 2.48, p < 0.001), non-relapse mortality (NRM) (HR 1.47, p < 0.001 and HR 2.00, p < 0.001), and overall survival (OS) (HR 1.21, p = 0.0066 and HR 1.60, p = 0.0015). Conversely, the use of ATG was an independent favorable factor for grade III-IV acute GVHD (HR 0.43, p < 0.001), NRM (HR 0.51, p < 0.001), and OS (HR 0.74, p = 0.0012). On the other hand, HLA compatibility and the use of ATG were not associated with a risk of relapse. An interaction test between the number of HLA mismatches and the use of ATG revealed that the effect of ATG on NRM and OS in the 2MMUD group was significantly less than that in the 1MMUD group (HR 1.53, p = 0.036 and HR 2.34, p = 0.0046). This study indicated that the number of HLA mismatches and the use of ATG were significantly associated with not only GVHD, but also NRM and OS. Whereas the use of ATG could improve transplant outcomes in allo-HCT from 1MMUD, its effectiveness with 2MMUD and 3MMUD was limited.


Assuntos
Soro Antilinfocitário/administração & dosagem , Transplante de Medula Óssea , Loci Gênicos , Antígenos HLA , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doadores não Relacionados , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(3): 266-271, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011008

RESUMO

Although allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) has been reported to provide prolonged remission of relapsed/refractory mycosis fungoides (MF) and Sézary syndrome (SS), its role has not been fully evaluated. Here, the outcomes of allogeneic HSCT for patients with MF/SS were retrospectively evaluated by using the registry database of the Japan Society for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. Forty-eight patients were evaluable and enrolled in the analysis. Median age was 45.5 years. Eighteen patients (38%) received myeloablative conditioning, and 33 (69%) received HSCT from an alternative donor. Disease status was complete or partial response in 25% of the patients and relapsed or refractory in the others. At the time of analysis, 18 patients were alive, with a median follow-up of 31.0 months (range, 3.8-31.1). Three-year overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were 30% (95%CI, 16-45%) and 19% (95%CI, 9-31%), respectively. Disease progression was not observed later than 17 months after transplantation. Both disease status and performance status at transplant significantly affected OS and PFS. Although our findings suggest that allogeneic HSCT provides long-term PFS in patients with MF/SS, the timing of transplantation should be decided carefully based on the disease status and the patient's condition in order to improve the outcome.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Micose Fungoide/mortalidade , Síndrome de Sézary/mortalidade , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Micose Fungoide/patologia , Micose Fungoide/terapia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Síndrome de Sézary/patologia , Síndrome de Sézary/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Leukemia ; 34(7): 1898-1906, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32020045

RESUMO

The graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (HCT) can prevent relapse but the risk of severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) leads to prolonged intensive immunosuppression and possible blunting of the GVL effect. Strategies to reduce immunosuppression in order to prevent relapse have been offset by increases in severe GVHD and nonrelapse mortality (NRM). We recently validated the MAGIC algorithm probability (MAP) that predicts the risk for severe GVHD and NRM in asymptomatic patients using serum biomarkers. In this study we tested whether the MAP could identify patients whose risk for relapse is higher than their risk for severe GVHD and NRM. The multicenter study population (n = 1604) was divided into two cohorts: historical (2006-2015, n = 702) and current (2015-2017, n = 902) with similar NRM, relapse, and survival. On day 28 post-HCT, patients who had not developed GVHD (75% of the population) and who possessed a low MAP were at much higher risk for relapse (24%) than severe GVHD and NRM (16 and 9%); this difference was even more pronounced in patients with a high disease risk index (relapse 33%, NRM 9%). Such patients are good candidates to test relapse prevention strategies that might enhance GVL.


Assuntos
Algoritmos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/sangue , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hematológicas/sangue , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/sangue , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Transplante Homólogo
13.
Ann Hematol ; 99(3): 609-618, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002656

RESUMO

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) represents a significant cause of mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). NF-kB system is a master regulator of innate immunity responses. It controls the expression of various cytokines and chemokines many of which are involved in GVHD pathogenesis. Chemo(radio) therapy administered during conditioning induces DNA damage and activates DNA damage response (DDR) signaling resulting in irreversible cell cycle arrest - cellular senescence which has been described to be associated with robust pro-inflammatory secretion mostly controlled by NF-kB. The NFKB1 gene encodes the DNA-binding subunit of the NF-kB complex. Using the candidate gene approach, we analyzed possible association of two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs3774937 C/T and rs3774959 A/G of the NFKB1 gene with GVHD and transplant-related mortality (TRM) occurrence in 109 recipients allografted from HLA-identical donor. Both SNPs in recipients were found to be strongly associated with acute GVHD. Nevertheless, no significant association with chronic GVHD and TRM was found. Presented pilot results contribute to pre-clinical observations and suggest that NF-kB may be an important regulator of HSCT-related inflammatory reactions such as acute GVHD. Novel pathogenic mechanisms of GVHD may arise from perspectives of DDR and cellular senescence where NF-kB plays an essential role.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/genética , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Subunidade p50 de NF-kappa B/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Taxa de Sobrevida
14.
Ann Hematol ; 99(3): 591-598, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32006152

RESUMO

Although a combination of calcineurin inhibitor and methotrexate (MTX) is used for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis in umbilical cord blood transplantation (CBT), optimal dose of MTX for CBT remains to be determined.We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of standard-dose MTX (St-MTX, 15 mg/m2 on day 1 and 10 mg/m2 on days 3 and 6) and mini-dose MTX (Mini-MTX, 5 mg/m2 on days 1, 3 and 6) for GVHD prophylaxis in patients who underwent single unit CBT against hematological malignancies.Thirty-two and 26 patients received St-MTX and Mini-MTX, respectively. Cumulative incidence of neutrophil engraftment was significantly higher in the Mini-MTX group than in the St-MTX group (88.5% vs 65.6%, P = 0.00448). Cumulative incidences of grade II to IV and grade III to IV of acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) were 34.4% and 6.2% in the St-MTX group, and 34.6% and 7.7% in the Mini-MTX group with no statistical significance. One-year non-relapse mortality (NRM) was significantly lower in the Mini-MTX group compared to the St-MTX group (31.2% vs 3.8%, P = 0.00938), whereas relapse rate was not different between the groups. Multivariate analysis also indicated that Mini-MTX significantly improved engraftment (HR, 0.5359; 95% CI, 0.3082 to 0.9318; P = 0.0270) and reduced NRM (HR, 0.117; 95% CI, 0.0151 to 0.9067; P = 0.040).Our study suggests that GVHD prophylaxis using Mini-MTX in CBT is feasible and associated with improvement of engraftment and reduction in NRM.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco de Sangue do Cordão Umbilical , Sobrevivência de Enxerto/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Neoplasias Hematológicas , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
15.
Leukemia ; 34(7): 1907-1923, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32047237

RESUMO

Overcoming graft-versus-host disease (GvHD) without increasing relapse and severe infections is a major challenge after allogeneic hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). ATIR101 is a haploidentical, naïve cell-enriched T-cell product, depleted of recipient-alloreactive T cells to minimize the risk of GvHD and provide graft-versus-infection and -leukemia activity. Safety and efficacy of ATIR101 administered after T-cell-depleted haploidentical HSCT (TCD-haplo + ATIR101) without posttransplant immunosuppressors were evaluated in a Phase 2, multicenter study of 23 patients with acute leukemia and compared with an observational cohort undergoing TCD-haplo alone (n = 35), matched unrelated donor (MUD; n = 64), mismatched unrelated donor (MMUD; n = 37), and umbilical cord blood (UCB; n = 22) HSCT. The primary endpoint, 6-month non-relapse mortality (NRM), was 13% with TCD-haplo + ATIR101. One year post HSCT, TCD-haplo + ATIR101 resulted in lower NRM versus TCD-haplo alone (P = 0.008). GvHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) was higher with TCD-haplo + ATIR101 versus MMUD and UCB (both P < 0.03; 1-year rates: 56.5%, 27.0%, and 22.7%, respectively) and was not statistically different from MUD (1 year: 40.6%). ATIR101 grafts with high third-party reactivity were associated with fewer clinically relevant viral infections. Results suggest that haploidentical, selective donor-cell depletion may eliminate requirements for posttransplant immunosuppressors without increasing GvHD risk, with similar GRFS to MUD. Following these results, a randomized Phase 3 trial versus posttransplant cyclophosphamide had been initiated.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Depleção Linfocítica/mortalidade , Doadores não Relacionados/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante , Adulto Jovem
16.
Int J Hematol ; 111(6): 869-876, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32052319

RESUMO

The impact of acute and chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) on clinical outcomes was retrospectively analyzed in 960 patients with non-malignant diseases (NMD) who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Grade III-IV acute GVHD (but not grade I-II) was significantly associated with a lower rate of overall survival (OS), and higher non-relapse mortality (NRM) than that seen in patients without acute GVHD. Extensive (but not limited) GVHD was significantly associated with a lower OS rate and higher NRM than that seen in patients without chronic GVHD. Any grade of acute (but not chronic) GVHD was significantly associated with a lower incidence of relapse and a lower proportion of patients requiring a second HSCT or donor lymphocyte infusion for graft failure or mixed chimerism, but its impact on OS was almost negligible. Acute GVHD was significantly associated with lower OS rates in all disease groups, whereas chronic GVHD was significantly associated with lower OS rates in the primary immunodeficiency and histiocytosis groups. In conclusion, acute and chronic GVHD, even if mild, was associated with reduced OS in patients receiving HSCT for NMD and effective strategies should, therefore, be implemented to minimize GVHD.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Histiocitose/mortalidade , Histiocitose/terapia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/mortalidade , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Lactente , Masculino , Doenças Metabólicas/mortalidade , Doenças Metabólicas/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Ann Hematol ; 99(3): 627-633, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31965273

RESUMO

Acute kidney injury (AKI) after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is associated with high mortality rates. To determine the incidence and risk factors associated with AKI in patients undergoing HSCT during the infusion period, patients admitted for HSCT from 2012 to 2015 were studied. AKI was classified according to the KDIGO (Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes) criteria. We analyzed the main comorbidities, underlying conditions, types of transplant, preparative regimens, and use of potentially nephrotoxic drugs as risk factors for AKI. Among the 180 patients (median age 53 years), 69 (36.5%) developed AKI (23 KDIGO 1, 28 KDIGO 2, and 18 KDIGO 3), 49 (50.0%) undergoing allogeneic and 20 (22.3%) autologous transplantation, and 18 (9.4%) required dialysis. The main comorbidities were hypertension (38; 19.8%), and diabetes (19; 9.9%). The median pre-transplant creatinine was 0.7 mg/dl. Twenty-one patients died (10.9%). The risk factors for AKI in allogeneic HSCT were as follows: baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (RR 1.12 (1.02-1.22), p = 0.019), use of vasopressors (RR 3.72 (2.20-6.29), p < 0.001), and use of methotrexate (RR 1.83 (1.08-3.11), p = 0.025). Male gender (RR 5.91 (1.65-21.16), p = 0.006), baseline eGFR (RR 1.22 (1.04-1.43), p = 0.011), and use of aminoglycosides (RR 3.92 (1.06-14.44), p = 0.041) were the risk factors for AKI associated with autologous HSCT. During hospitalization for HSCT, AKI was a common problem. The use of a low dose of methotrexate to prevent graft versus host disease was associated with its occurrence.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Metotrexato , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Lesão Renal Aguda/induzido quimicamente , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Autoenxertos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida
18.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(4): e28190, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31981413

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing performance of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation over the last decades, graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality. The efficacy of ruxolitinib against GVHD has been demonstrated in adult studies; however, very few studies have been conducted in children. PROCEDURE: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of ruxolitinib in 29 children with steroid-refractory acute or chronic GVHD. Twenty-five (87%) patients received at least three different immune modulator agents, including methylprednisolone, before initiating ruxolitinib. RESULTS: All grade 2 acute GVHD patients completely responded to ruxolitinib treatment; 82% of high-grade (3-4) acute GVHD patients and 80% of chronic GVHD (moderate-severe) patients had at least a partial response. Of seven patients with bronchiolitis obliterans, five had a partial response after ruxolitinib. Of 29 patients, 22 were administered steroids at any time in the first month of acute GVHD or the first three months of chronic GVHD during ruxolitinib usage, which was significantly tapered by the end of the observation period. CONCLUSION: Steroid-refractory acute and chronic pediatric GVHD patients treated with ruxolitinib had a high overall response rate, with the additional benefit of steroid sparing.


Assuntos
Bronquiolite Obliterante/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Terapia de Salvação , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Aloenxertos , Bronquiolite Obliterante/etiologia , Bronquiolite Obliterante/mortalidade , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Doença Crônica , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
19.
Hum Immunol ; 81(1): 18-25, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31889553

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is a therapeutic modality commonly used to treat hematological and immunological disorders. Among the main complications of allo-HSCT is the acute graft-versus-host disease (a-GVHD), a condition which accounts for a high incidence of mortality. Several genes encoding inflammatory mediators may present polymorphisms, which have been implicated in the risk of developing a-GVHD. In our study, we investigated the association between genotypes of cytokine-encoding genes and the incidence and severity of a-GVHD and survival of HSCT recipients. No statistically significant association was found between IL and 6-174 G/C, INF-γ + 874 T/A, TNF-α -238 A/G, -308 A/G and IL-10-819C/T, -592 A/C polymorphisms and the presence or severity of a-GVHD. A higher risk of a-GVHD was associated with the IL-10-1082 GG genotype compared to the AA + AG genotypes of recipients and donors. The IL-10-1082 genotype can be used as a prognostic determinant to predict which HSCT recipient will be more responsive to the transplant. Thus, cytokine gene assays may be useful in the individualization of prophylactic regimens and for an appropriate selection of immunosuppressants based on the HSCT recipient's responsiveness.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Interleucina-10/genética , Polimorfismo Genético , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Adulto , Aloenxertos , Criança , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/genética , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/genética , Neoplasias Hematológicas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hematológicas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Taxa de Sobrevida
20.
Int J Hematol ; 111(4): 574-578, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31912373

RESUMO

We have previously reported that haematopoietic progenitor cell transplantation recipients with biopsy-negative acute Gastrointestinal Graft versus Host Disease (Discordant GVHD) demonstrate superior survival compared to "True Positive" cases. We aimed to elucidate this discrepancy by examining clinical and laboratory predictors of survival among patients treated for True Positive or Discordant GVHD. Data were obtained by retrospective chart review. At diagnosis, the incidence of severe symptoms, hypoalbuminaemia, hyperbilirubinaemia, and poor performance status were recorded. Following treatment, the incidence of non-response to first-line corticosteroids was assessed. Differences between cohorts were compared using Fisher's exact test. 74 patients were identified, comprising 55 (74%) True Positive and 19 (26%) Discordant GVHD cases. True Positive cases were significantly more likely to have baseline severe symptoms (84% vs. 36%; p = 0.0002) and hypoalbuminaemia (94% vs. 75%; p = 0.023). There was no significant difference between cohorts in terms of hyperbilirubinaemia or performance status. Non-response to corticosteroid therapy was observed significantly more frequently in the True Positive cohort (55% vs. 11%; p = 0.001). In summary, the superior survival observed in Discordant GVHD is explained by a less severe GI-GVHD phenotype at diagnosis and a greater likelihood of response to corticosteroids. Further research is warranted to explain biological mechanisms for these findings.


Assuntos
Trato Gastrointestinal , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/diagnóstico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/mortalidade , Doença Aguda , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/patologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
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