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1.
Chemosphere ; 239: 124705, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31479913

RESUMO

Tamoxifen is a clinical drug for estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer. Recently, it has been detected in aquatic environment. The residual drugs will produce certain biological activity and create a risk to aquatic organism when they enter the water environment. Therefore, it has great significance to study the ecotoxicity of tamoxifen. In the study, we used zebrafish as a model of aquatic to investigate the ecotoxic mechanism of tamoxifen to aquatic. We found that tamoxifen induced liver lipid accumulation in zebrafish, which showed a significant hepatotoxicity with smaller liver area and bigger yolk area. Though biochemical and pathologic measurement, tamoxifen treated group showed higher transaminase and lipid content. The elevated liver lipid synthesis might due to the increase of lipid metabolism related gene Srebf1, Srebf2 and Fasn. Moreover, inflammatory cytokine Tnf-α, Il-1ß And Il-6 were increased. This result confirmed the toxicity of tamoxifen to aquatic, suggested liver injury was the main characteristic of its ecotoxicity. This study indicated it is important to avoid tamoxifen discharging into the aquatic ecology and provided a theoretical basis of prevention tamoxifen-induced ecotoxicity to aquatic.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Inflamação/induzido quimicamente , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Tamoxifeno/efeitos adversos , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Ecotoxicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/complicações , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Tamoxifeno/química , Poluentes Químicos da Água/efeitos adversos , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
2.
Toxicol Lett ; 321: 32-43, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31862506

RESUMO

Cadmium (Cd) is an important environmental pollutant. Previous studies have shown that Cd can induce liver cell injury; however, the toxicity mechanisms of Cd have not been fully elucidated. This study aimed to further confirm the hepatotoxic effects of Cd in mouse liver cells by various methods both in vivo and in vitro. In addition, it found that Cd induced autophagy but also caused autophagy blockade, and autophagy blockade intensified Cd-induced injury in liver cells. Subsequently, the study investigated the effects of Cd on lysosomes and found that Cd induced lysosomal acidification, promoted the expression of lysosomal-associated membrane protein 2 and lysosomal hydrolase cathepsin B both in vivo and in vitro, and enhanced the lysosomal degradation capacity. It indicated that Cd triggered lysosomal activation. However, the fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes was inhibited by Cd both in vivo and in vitro. Next, the expression of Rab7, a key protein that regulates autophagosome-lysosome fusion, was examined. Cd was found to inhibit Rab7 expression both in vivo and in vitro. In conclusion, the results indicated that Cd obstructed the autophagic flux by inhibiting the fusion of autophagosomes with lysosomes, thus exacerbating the Cd-induced hepatotoxicity. Moreover, the molecular mechanism of Cd-induced inhibition of autophagosome-lysosome fusion is probably related to the Cd-induced downregulation of Rab7.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Cloreto de Cádmio/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Lisossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusão de Membrana/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Autofagossomos/patologia , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/metabolismo , Catepsina B/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Feminino , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Proteína 2 de Membrana Associada ao Lisossomo/metabolismo , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Lisossomos/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Proteólise , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas rab de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(47): e18098, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31764847

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Hepatotoxicity is a well-known adverse effect of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (VEGFR) tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs), usually employed for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC). Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have been shown to improve survival in specific patients with mRCC, but concerns have arisen over their safety profile, particularly as regards the risk of liver damage in those patients receiving TKIs sequentially or concurrently with these new drugs. Here, we report three cases of hepatitis presentation in patients receiving TKIs after ICIs that should potentially be considered in current clinical practice, where a combination of these hepatotoxic drugs is becoming increasingly used. PATIENTS CONCERNS: All three patients were receiving TKIs therapy and presented with nonspecific clinical deterioration and liver enzyme elevation in different time frames according to the start of treatment. All were previously treated with ICIs. DIAGNOSES: After performing imaging techniques and complementary laboratory tests for the differential diagnosis of hepatic injury, the diagnosis of potentially TKI-induced hepatitis was assumed in all these cases. Hepatic biopsy was performed only in the first case in order to confirm the diagnosis. INTERVENTIONS: Potential toxic drugs were interrupted and steroids course with slow reduction regimen was administered in all these cases because of the previous use of ICIs. OUTCOMES: The patients described improved with this conservative treatment without complications during the following weeks. Only one case presented a new episode of mild hepatic alteration while on treatment with following treatment. LESSONS: Taking into account this new therapeutic context, stricter monitoring for potentially increased/altered adverse events should be indicated. Adequate patient selection and consideration of the safety profile of the different drugs used could help to optimize treatment in the near future.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Neoplasias Renais/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
4.
Arq Gastroenterol ; 56(4): 333-338, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31721967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Indigofera suffruticosa Mill (Fabaceae) is abundant in northeastern Brazil and popularly used in the treatment of infectious and inflammatory processes. Several biological properties, such as anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antitumor, hepatoprotective and low toxicity, are reported for this plant. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated hepatoprotective activity and the antioxidant effect of methanolic extract of I. suffruticosa leaves (MEIS) on Swiss albino mice submitted to experimental models of acetaminophen-induced liver injury. METHODS: MEIS (50 mg/kg; p.o.) was standardized according to the LD50 and its hepatoprotective property on Swiss albino mice evaluated during a 7-day period. On the eighth day, the acetaminophen-induced hepatic injury was performed. Histomorphometric analysis of liver tissue, antioxidant activity and serum levels of alanine aminotransferase (AST), aspartate aminotransferase (ALT) and bilirubin were measured. RESULTS: MEIS (50 mg/kg; p.o.) restored serum enzyme levels and results were close to those of positive control (silymarin) when compared to the negative control. Histopathological and histomorphometric analyzes confirmed MEIS hepatoprotective activity, showing reorganization of structural units of cells, nuclei and sinusoidal capillaries of hepatocytes, reducing the damage on liver tissue and increasing organ regeneration rate. MEIS showed high antioxidant potential at concentrations of 1000 and 500 µg/mL. CONCLUSION: This study suggests that MEIS has hepatoprotective activity and high antioxidant potential.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Indigofera/química , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Substâncias Protetoras/administração & dosagem , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Bilirrubina/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Masculino , Camundongos
5.
Res Vet Sci ; 126: 233-239, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635840

RESUMO

In this study, canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (cADSCs) therapeutic potential was investigated in artificially induced acute liver injury model by CCl4 in canines. The primary cADSCs cells were cultured and then intravenously administered into the canine animal model. Six cross-breed dogs were divided into three groups including blank control group, CCl4 model group, CCl4 induced cADSCs transplantation group. The results showed that after intraperitoneal injection of CCl4 solution, the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and Albumin (ALB) in peripheral blood of experimental canines confirmed the correct induction of acute liver injury. Moreover, the liver structure showed clear macroscopic damage. The cADSCs were homed in the liver of the administered animals. The AST, ALT and ALB in the peripheral blood rapidly decreased. H&E and PAS histological evaluation showed that both the structure of canine liver tissue and the ability to synthesize hepatic glycogen could be restored to the control level after cADSCs transplantation. Therefore, cADSCs can play a therapeutic role in the recovery of liver injury. Overall, this study demonstrates that the primary cADSCs transplantation into the acute liver injury model induced by intravenous injection can play a certain therapeutic role in the recovery of liver in canines. These results may provide a new treatment idea for acute liver disease in pets clinically.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Administração Intravenosa/veterinária , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/veterinária , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/fisiologia , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Tetracloreto de Carbono/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/terapia , Cães , Feminino , Injeções Intraperitoneais/veterinária , Masculino
6.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 882, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640579

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) requires lengthy use of second-line drugs, burdened by many side effects. Hepatitis C virus (HCV) chronic infection increases risk of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) in these patients. Data on MDR-TB patients with concurrent HCV chronic infection treated at the same time with second-line antitubercular drugs and new direct-acting antivirals (DAAs) are lacking. We evaluate if treating at the same time HCV infection and pulmonary MDR-TB is feasible and effective. CASES PRESENTATION: In this study, we described two cases of patients with pulmonary MDR-TB and concurrent HCV chronic infection cured with DAAs at a Tertiary Infectious Diseases Hospital in Italy. During antitubercular treatment, both patients experienced a DILI before treating HCV infection. After DAAs liver enzymes normalized and HCV RNA was undetectable. Then antitubercular regimen was started according to the institutional protocol, drawn up following WHO MDR-TB guidelines. It was completed without further liver side effects and patients were declared cured from both HCV infection and MDR-TB. CONCLUSIONS: We suggest to consider treatment of chronic hepatitis C with DAAs as a useful intervention for reintroduction of second-line antitubercular agents in those patients who developed DILI, reducing the risk of treatment interruption when re-exposed to these drugs.


Assuntos
Antituberculosos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/tratamento farmacológico , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Antituberculosos/efeitos adversos , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/enzimologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Feminino , Hepacivirus/genética , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , RNA Viral/sangue , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Tuberculose Resistente a Múltiplos Medicamentos/virologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/virologia
7.
Life Sci ; 236: 116939, 2019 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593705

RESUMO

Taxifolin (TAX) reportedly exerts protective and therapeutic effects in liver. Herein, the effects of TAX against acetaminophen (APAP)-induced hepatotoxicity were investigated. Pharmacodynamics, pharmacology and metabolomics analyses of TAX were assessed on C57 mice and L-02 cells. TAX was administered for 7 days, and APAP was given on the last day to establish an acute liver injury model. ALT and AST levels were determined, and liver ROS, MDA, GST, GSH and GPX1 were analysed. The expression and protein abundance of GPX1, GPS-Pi, GCLC and GCLM were assessed by PCR and western blotting, and metabolic changes in cells and serum were investigated by UPLC-Q-Orbitrap-MS. Serum ALT and AST, and liver ROS, MDA, GST, GSH and GPX1 levels confirmed the protective effects of TAX. Besides, we found Only treating with TAX decreased the expression of CYP2E1 in mice liver tissue. TAX reversed the APAP-induced decrease in cell viability in L-02 cells, and reduced cellular ROS levels. Furthermore, TAX reversed the APAP-induced decrease in antioxidant enzymes at both mRNA and protein levels. Metabolomics analysis identified metabolites mainly related to glutathione metabolism (36 in vivo and 23 in vitro). The concentration of glutathione, oxidized glutathione, carnitine, succinic acid, pyroglutamic acid, citrulline, taurine, palmitoleic acid, phytoshingosine-1-P and sphingosine-1-P were close to normal levels after treating with TAX. These results indicate that TAX prevents APAP-induced liver injury by inhibiting APAP metabolic activation mediated by CYP450 enzymes, modulating glutathione metabolism, and expression of related antioxidative signals. These properties could be harnessed to prevent or treat hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Glutationa/metabolismo , Metaboloma , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Quercetina/análogos & derivados , Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/toxicidade , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Quercetina/farmacologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17343, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574875

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir, a pan-genotypic and ribavirin-free direct acting antiviral agent regimen, has shown significant efficacy and very few serious complications. However, as the drug metabolizes in the liver, it is not recommended in patients with decompensated liver cirrhosis. Herein, we report the case of a patient with compensated liver cirrhosis who developed severe jaundice after glecaprevir/pibrentasvir medication. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 77-year-old man diagnosed with chronic hepatitis C-related compensated liver cirrhosis visited hospital due to severe jaundice after 12 weeks of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir medication. DIAGNOSES: On the laboratory work-up, the total/direct bilirubin level was markedly elevated to 21.56/11.68 from 1.81 mg/dL; the alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels were within the normal range. We checked the plasma drug concentration level of glecaprevir, and 18,500 ng/mL was detected, which was more than 15 times higher than the drug concentration level verified in normal healthy adults. INTERVENTIONS: Glecaprevir/pibrentasvir was abruptly stopped and after 6 days, the drug concentration level decreased to 35 ng/mL and the serum total/direct bilirubin decreased to 7.49/4.06 mg/dL. OUTCOMES: Three months after drug cessation, the serum total bilirubin level normalized to 1.21 mg/dL and HCV RNA was not detected. LESSONS: We report what is likely the first known case of severe jaundice after medication with glecaprevir/pibrentasvir in a patient with compensated liver cirrhosis. Clinicians should bear potential hyperbilirubinemia in mind when treating chronic hepatitis C with this regimen and should monitor the patient closely during follow-up laboratory exams, especially in elderly cirrhotic patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Benzimidazóis/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Hepatite C Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperbilirrubinemia/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática/induzido quimicamente , Pirrolidinas/efeitos adversos , Quinoxalinas/efeitos adversos , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/virologia , Combinação de Medicamentos , Humanos , Hiperbilirrubinemia/virologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/virologia , Cirrose Hepática/virologia , Masculino
9.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(86): 12912-12915, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593207

RESUMO

Alcohol-induced liver injury has been a terrible threat to human health and life. The relationship between HClO and the process is unclear. Thus, a ratiometric two-photon fluorescent probe for HClO was deliberately constructed and revealed the generation of HClO in the alcohol-induced liver injury process for the first time.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/diagnóstico por imagem , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Ácido Hipocloroso/análise , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Etanol/toxicidade , Células HeLa , Humanos , Ácido Hipocloroso/metabolismo , Camundongos , Microscopia de Fluorescência por Excitação Multifotônica , Imagem Óptica , Peixe-Zebra
10.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 114(4): 522-527, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31511139

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To highlight the role of albendazole hepatotoxicity in the choice between drainage versus a resection procedure in hepatic hydatidosis. Methods: The charts of four patients were reviewed retrospectively. In three patients, albendazole caused more than 10-fold increases in transaminase levels and was stopped. One patient had concomitant autoimmune hepatitis. Results: In the first case, two large hydatid cysts involving the right and the left hepatic veins were detected. First, left lateral sectionectomy and ligation of the right posterior portal vein branches were performed. Hypertrophy of the remnant liver allowed a safe right posterior sectionectomy two months later. In the second patient, a 9-cm cyst in segments 6 and 7 was treated with pericystectomy. The third patient had a 6-cm centrally located cyst. Pericystectomy, removal of small vesicles from the anterior section bile duct, common bile duct exploration with a T-tube placement were performed. In the patient with auto-immune hepatitis, pericystectomy was chosen for two objectives: 1) to eliminate a cavity prone to recurrence in an immunosuppressed patient 2) to avoid albendazole that may complicate the interpretation of liver function tests. The postoperative period and early follow up of all patients was uneventful. The second and the fourth patients have been followed for 56 and 17 months respectively and no recurrence has been detected. Conclusions: A resection procedure eliminates the cavity and the need for adjuvant albendazole treatment. This is a vital advantage for the small subset of patients with severe albendazole hepatotoxicity.


Assuntos
Albendazol/efeitos adversos , Anticestoides/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Equinococose Hepática/cirurgia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Equinococose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Toxicol Lett ; 316: 73-84, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31513886

RESUMO

In the liver microenvironment, interactions among diverse types of hepatic cells are involved in liver fibrosis. In fibrotic tissues, exosomes act as transporters in intercellular communication. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), which are participants in liver fibrosis. However, the functions of exosomal lncRNAs in liver fibrosis induced by arsenite are undefined. The purposes of the present study were (a) to determine if lncRNAs secreted from human hepatic (L-02) cells exposed to arsenite are shuttled to hepatic stellate LX-2 cells and (b) to establish their effects on LX-2 cells. In mice, MALAT1 was overexpressed in the progression of liver fibrosis induced by arsenite as well as in L-02 cells exposed to arsenite. Co-cultures with arsenite-treated L-02 cells induced the activation of LX-2 cells and overexpression of MALAT1. Arsenite-treated L-02 cells transported MALAT1 into LX-2 cells. Downregulation of MALAT1, which reduced the MALAT1 levels in exosomes derived from arsenite-treated L-02 cells, inhibited the activation of LX-2 cells. Additionally, exosomal MALAT1 derived from arsenite-treated L-02 cells promoted the activation of LX-2 cells via microRNA-26b regulation of COL1A2. Furthermore, circulating exosomal MALAT1 was up-regulated in people exposed to arsenite. In sum, exosomes derived from arsenite-treated hepatic cells transferred MALAT1 to HSCs, which induced their activation. These findings support the concept that, during liver fibrosis induced by arsenite, exosomal lncRNAs are involved in cell-cell communication.


Assuntos
Arsenitos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Exossomos/metabolismo , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/metabolismo , Fígado/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Compostos de Sódio , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Técnicas de Cocultura , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Exossomos/genética , Exossomos/ultraestrutura , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Células Estreladas do Fígado/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Fígado/ultraestrutura , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/genética , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Transdução de Sinais
12.
In Vivo ; 33(5): 1469-1476, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471394

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of pretreatment with bevacizumab on liver damage in a rat model of massive hepatectomy (Hx) model, as a surrogate model of massive Hx for liver metastasis from colorectal cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Wister rats (n=24) were separated into the following two groups: 90% Hx and 90% Hx plus bevacizumab group. Bevacizumab (5 mg/kg) was injected intraperitoneally 7 days before Hx. Samples of blood and remnant liver tissue were obtained 24 hours after hepatectomy and the following parameters were evaluated: Biochemical analysis; liver regeneration rate; survival rate; and real-time polymerase chain reaction for interleukin-1 beta (Il1b), tumor necrosis factor alpha (Tnfa), matrix metalloproteinase (Mmp) 2 and Mmp9 mRNA. In addition, samples of whole liver tissue were obtained immediately before Hx and real-time polymerase chain reaction was performed for X-box binding protein 1 (Xbp1), activating transcription factor 6 (Atf6), C/EBP homologous protein (Chop), glucose-regulated protein 78 (Grp78) and heat-shock protein 70 (Hsp70), as markers of endoplasmic reticulum stress response. RESULTS: The levels of transaminases 24 hours after Hx were significantly reduced in the group pretreated with bevacizumab compared to that not pretreated (p<0.05). The liver regeneration rate at 24 hours after Hx was significantly increased in the group pretreated with bevacizumab compared with the group which underwent Hx alone (p<0.05). The survival rate for the group pretreated with bevacizumab tended to be higher than that of the Hx-only group, 72 hours after Hx (p=0.09). The expressions of Il1b, Mmp2 and Mmp9 mRNA 24 hours after Hx in the group pretreated with bevacizumab tended to be lower than that of rats which underwent Hx alone (p=0.11, 0.09 and 0.15, respectively). The expression of Xbp1, Chop, Grp78 and Hsp70 mRNA immediately before Hx in the group pretreated with bevacizumab were significantly higher than the 90% Hx group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Bevacizumab pretreatment had protective effects on liver injury after massive hepatectomy in rats, apparently via the induction of the endoplasmic reticulum stress response, i.e. the so-called unfolded protein response.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Bevacizumab/efeitos adversos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Animais , Biomarcadores , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Hepatectomia , Fígado/cirurgia , Testes de Função Hepática , Regeneração Hepática , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Ratos , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Molecules ; 24(16)2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31398934

RESUMO

The present study was envisaged to investigate the chemical constituents and the intervention effects of Portulaca oleracea extract (POE) on acute alcoholic liver injury of rats. The chemical composition of POE was detected by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Sixty male Wistar rats were divided into 6 groups: Normal control (NC) group, acute alcoholic liver injury model group (ALI), low, medium and high dose of POE (25, 50, 100 mg/kg) groups and bifendate (BF, 3.75 mg/kg) group. Each group was given by intragastrical administration for 7 days. Alcoholic liver injury was induced in the experimental model by administering 50% ethanol at 8 mL/kg and repeated administration after 6 h, for a period of 7 days. The results showed that pretreatment with POE significantly reduced the ethanol-elevated serum level of alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and triglyceride (TG). The activities of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-PX) in liver were enhanced followed by administration of POE, while the content of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) was found to decrease. Hepatic content of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-6 (IL-6) was also reduced by POE treatment. These results indicated that POE could increase the antioxidant capacity and relieve the inflammatory injury of the liver cells induced by ethanol. Meanwhile, in our study, POE reduced the expression of miR-122, acetyl coenzyme A carboxylase (ACC) 1 mRNA and protein and increased the expression of lipoprotein lipase (LPL) mRNA and protein in liver, which indicated that POE could improve the lipid metabolism disorder induced by ethanol. Our findings suggested that POE had protective effects on acute alcoholic liver injury of rats.


Assuntos
Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Portulaca/química , Animais , Biomarcadores , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Citocinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Testes de Função Hepática , MicroRNAs/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos
16.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2019: 6029876, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31396303

RESUMO

This study investigated the hepatoprotective effects of Morchella esculenta fruit body (ME) and the underlying mechanisms in mice with alcohol-induced acute liver injury. Systematic analysis revealed that ME contained 21 types of fatty acid, 17 types of amino acid, and 12 types of mineral. Subsequently, a mouse model of acute alcohol-induced liver injury was established by oral administration of alcohol for 14 days. Fourteen-day administration of ME prevented alcohol-induced increases in alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels and reduced the activity of acetaldehyde dehydrogenase in blood serum and liver tissue. ME appears to regulate lipid metabolism by suppressing triglycerides, total cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein in the liver. ME inhibited the production of inflammatory factors including chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL 40), interleukin-7 (IL-7), plasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1), and retinol-binding protein 4 (RBP4) in blood serum and/or liver tissue. ME treatment relieved the alcohol-induced imbalance in prooxidative and antioxidative signaling via nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf-2), as indicated by upregulation of superoxide dismutase-1, superoxide dismutase-2, catalase, heme oxygenase-1, and heme oxygenase-2 expression and downregulation of kelch-like ECH-associated protein 1 (Keap-1) in the liver. Moreover, ME reduced the levels of phosphorylated nuclear factor kappa-B kinase α/ß, inhibitor of nuclear factor kappa-B α and nuclear factor kappa-B p65 (NF-κB p65) in the liver. The hepatoprotective effects of ME against alcohol-induced acute liver injury were thus confirmed. The mechanism of action may be related to modulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory signaling pathways, partially via regulation of Nrf-2 and NF-κB signaling.


Assuntos
Ascomicetos/química , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/veterinária , Etanol/toxicidade , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Mediadores da Inflamação/metabolismo , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(15)2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gadolinium chloride (GdCl3) has been reported to attenuate liver injury caused by a variety of toxicants. Gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC) is thought to be essential in controlling liver homeostasis and pathology. Here we evaluate the effects of GdCl3 on functional GJIC and connexin expression in mouse models and primary hepatocytes. METHODS: Mice were administered GdCl3 intraperitoneally the day before a carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) injection or bile duct ligation (BDL) operation. Primary hepatocytes were treated with CCl4 or lipopolysaccharides (LPS), with or without GdCl3. A scrape loading/dye transfer assay was performed to assess the GJIC function. The expression of connexins was examined by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), western blot and immunofluorescent staining. RESULTS: CCl4 treatment or the BDL operation led to the dysfunction of GJIC and a down-regulation of Cx32 and Cx26 in injured liver. GdCl3 administration restored GJIC function between hepatocytes by facilitating the transfer of fluorescent dye from one cell into adjacent cells via GJIC, and markedly prevented the decrease of Cx32 and Cx26 in injured liver. In primary hepatocytes, CCl4 or LPS treatment induced an obvious decline of Cx32 and Cx26, whereas GdCl3 pretreatment prevented the down-regulation of connexins. In vivo GdCl3 protected hepatocytes and attenuated the liver inflammation and fibrosis in liver injury mouse models. CONCLUSION: GdCl3 administration protects functional GJIC between hepatocytes, and prevents the decrease of connexin proteins at mRNA and protein levels during liver injury, leading to the alleviation of chronic liver injury.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Comunicação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Gadolínio/farmacologia , Junções Comunicantes/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Animais , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Tetracloreto de Carbono/administração & dosagem , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Conexinas/agonistas , Conexinas/genética , Conexinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Ligadura , Lipopolissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Camundongos , Cultura Primária de Células
18.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(36): 10059-10068, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31431007

RESUMO

Torularhodin is a natural product extracted from Sporidiobolus pararoseus and has a similar chemical structure to ß-carotene. The antioxidative effects of torularhodin were investigated using DPPH, ABTS, a cell oxidative damage model in vitro, and a d-galactose-induced liver-injured mouse model in vivo. Cell experiments demonstrated that torularhodin had a powerful effect on oxidative damage caused by H2O2 to AML12 cells. Torularhodin significantly reduced inflammatory cytokines and increased the activity of antioxidant enzymes both in mouse serum and the liver. The inhibition of d-galactose-induced oxidative damage in the liver was correlated with the torularhodin-mediated effects on improving the activity of Nrf2/HO-1, reducing the expression of Bax and NF-κB p65 by western blot analysis. RT-PCR results demonstrated torularhodin upregulated the antioxidative mRNA expression of Nrf2, NQO1, and HO-1 in the liver. In summary, torularhodin significantly scavenged free radicals and prevented oxidative damage in vitro and reduced d-galactose-induced liver oxidation via promotion of the Nrf2/HO-1 pathways in vivo.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Basidiomycota/química , Carotenoides/administração & dosagem , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/genética , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Galactose/efeitos adversos , Heme Oxigenase-1/genética , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Humanos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/genética , NAD(P)H Desidrogenase (Quinona)/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , NF-kappa B/genética , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Toxicol Lett ; 316: 183-193, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31437515

RESUMO

Olanzapine, a representative of antipsychotics, is a first-line drug for treatment of schizophrenia. However, olanzapine-induced liver steatosis limits its clinical utilization. This study is to explore the mechanism of liver steatosis induced by olanzapine based on the regulation of transporters involved in uptake and oxidation of fatty acids. Our results revealed that 12-week oral administration of olanzapine increased hepatic triglyceride(TG), caused liver steatosis. Our further studies showed that the expression of fatty acid transporter 2(FATP2) and fatty acid binding protein 1(FABP1) were up-regulated in liver of female mice after 12-week olanzapine exposure, as well as in primary mouse hepatocytes treated with olanzapine. Olanzapine treatment also reduced hepatic ß-hydroxybutyrate level (indicator of fatty acid ß-oxidation), meanwhile, the L-carnitine (L-Car) concentration in liver of olanzapine group was significantly lower than that in control group. Further study demonstrated that both mRNA and protein expression of hepatic OCTN2 (carnitine/organic cation transporter 2) were obviously down-regulated in male mice after 12-week olanzapine treatment. Also, olanzapine markedly inhibited L-Car uptake in MDCK-hOCTN2 cells (1.06 µM of IC50), HepG2 cells and primary mouse hepatocytes. Supplementation of L-Car attenuated hepatic TG rise and improved simple steatosis in olanzapine treatment mice. Taken together, up-regulation of FATP2/FABP1 and down-regulation/inhibition of hepatic OCTN2 probably contribute to olanzapine-induced liver steatosis. Supplementation of L-Car is a promising strategy to attenuate olanzapine-induced simple steatosis.


Assuntos
Antipsicóticos/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/induzido quimicamente , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Olanzapina/toxicidade , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/antagonistas & inibidores , Adulto , Animais , Carnitina/farmacologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Cães , Proteínas de Ligação a Ácido Graxo/genética , Fígado Gorduroso/metabolismo , Fígado Gorduroso/patologia , Fígado Gorduroso/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/genética , Membro 5 da Família 22 de Carreadores de Soluto/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
20.
BMC Complement Altern Med ; 19(1): 228, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438932

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) may increase the sensitivity to liver injury caused by stimulants such as drugs and poisons. The traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) Jiang-Zhi Granule (JZG) has been proven effective for improving liver function, reducing hepatic fat accumulation and inflammation in NAFLD. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of JZG on the susceptibility of NAFLD rats to liver injury and to identify the relevant mechanism. METHODS: Forty wistar rats were randomly divided into five groups, normal group, normal+CCl4 group, high-fat diet (HFD) group, HFD + CCl4 group, and HFD + CCl4 + JZG group. NAFLD were established with HFD for 8 weeks. Then Low-dose CCl4 was given intraperitoneally to induce liver injury in NAFLD rats for 48 h. From the 5th week of HFD, intragastric administration of JZG was simultaneously given to the rats in the HFD + CCl4 + JZG group. At the end of the experiment, liver histological pathology, serum transaminase, lipid in liver and blood, as well as hepatic expression levels of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) related molecules were evaluated. RESULTS: NAFLD rat model was established by eight-week HFD feeding, exhibiting elevated levels of hepatic lipid, blood lipid, serum transaminase and significantly increased expression of ERS related molecules including glucose regulating protein 78 (GRP78), protein kinase RNA-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK), eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2α (EIF2α), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NFκB) in liver tissues. After injection of CCl4 in NAFLD rats, elevated serum transaminases, severe inflammation and focal necrosis were observed in liver tissue, but no obvious change was found in the rats of normal group. JZG reduced hepatic inflammation, hepatic necrosis, hepatic lipid, blood transaminases and blood lipids in HFD + CCl4 rats. ERS related molecules were significantly elevated by low-dose CCl4 in NAFLD rats, and were down-regulated by JZG. CONCLUSION: The sensitivity to CCl4-induced liver injury is increased in NAFLD rats, which could be improved by JZG. The pharmacological mechanism may involve the regulation of ERS signaling pathway by JZG.


Assuntos
Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica , Animais , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/metabolismo , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/patologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Dieta Hiperlipídica , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/metabolismo , Hepatopatia Gordurosa não Alcoólica/patologia , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
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