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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e27126, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477156

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Currently no research is available on muscle and functional performance of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) in China, even though both diseases have been reported to damage motor function.This single-center prospective study involves 55 males with COPD and T2DM and 46 males with COPD. Lung function, muscle strength and endurance of the upper limbs, and quadriceps strength of both legs were assessed using instruments. The 6-min walk (6MW) test was performed to evaluate physical performance.Between the two groups, respiratory function of COPD patients with T2DM was worse than in those without (P < .05). Mean handgrip strength and muscle endurance of upper limbs and mean quadriceps strength at both 60°/s and 120°/s in COPD males with T2DM was also significantly less (P < .05). Mean 6MW distances of COPD patients with T2DM were significantly worse (P < .05), and mean pulse rate (PR) increments of COPD patients with T2DM in 6MW test were significantly higher (P < .05).The combination of COPD and T2DM not only brings one more chronic disease to elderly patients but also significantly affects muscle strength and endurance as well as physical performance. Accordingly, in the management of chronic diseases, we recommend that clinicians as well as patients themselves actively control blood sugar and review them regularly with a view to reducing adverse effects on physical performance.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Desempenho Físico Funcional , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular , Estudos Prospectivos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Músculo Quadríceps/fisiopatologia
2.
Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol ; 35(3): 269-292, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511219

RESUMO

Coronaviruses belong to the family Coronaviridae order Nidovirales and are known causes of respiratory and intestinal disease in various mammalian and avian species. Species of coronaviruses known to infect humans are referred to as human coronaviruses (HCoVs). While traditionally, HCoVs have been a significant cause of the common cold, more recently, emergent viruses, including severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) has caused a global pandemic. Here, we discuss coronavirus disease (COVID-19) biology, pathology, epidemiology, signs and symptoms, diagnosis, treatment, and recent clinical trials involving promising treatments.


Assuntos
Antivirais/administração & dosagem , COVID-19/epidemiologia , COVID-19/terapia , SARS-CoV-2 , Monofosfato de Adenosina/administração & dosagem , Monofosfato de Adenosina/análogos & derivados , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Alanina/administração & dosagem , Alanina/análogos & derivados , Animais , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/imunologia , Coronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Coronavirus/imunologia , Tosse/epidemiologia , Tosse/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/terapia , Fadiga/epidemiologia , Fadiga/terapia , Febre , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Cardiopatias/terapia , Humanos , Respiração com Pressão Positiva/métodos , Prognóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , SARS-CoV-2/efeitos dos fármacos , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Rev Med Chil ; 149(3): 378-384, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34479316

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) suffer a progressive deterioration of functional status and a decrease in independence in activities of daily living. Locomotor Syndrome (SL) is the involvement of the musculoskeletal system due to the deterioration caused by age. AIM: In patients with COPD, to evaluate the prevalence in LS and assess its impact on functional status and quality of life. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross sectional assessment of 259 patients with COPD. LS was evaluated with the Geriatric Locomotive Function Scale (GFLS-25). Those with a score < 16 were classified as having LS. Functional status was evaluated with dynamometry, Five Times Sit-to-Stand test, and the Modified Baecke Physical Activity Questionnaire. Functional impairment was measured with the London Chest Activity of Daily Living, and the quality of life was evaluated with EuroQol-5D. RESULTS: LS was found in 139 patients (53%). Activity levels and muscle strength were lower in these patients. Also, they had a higher frequency of functional impairment and a lower quality of life perception. CONCLUSIONS: LS in patients with COPD impacts their functional status and quality of life.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Atividades Cotidianas , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
J Glob Health ; 11: 04038, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34484706

RESUMO

Background: By 2030, Sustainable Development Goal 3.4 aims to reduce the premature mortality caused by non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the second leading cause of mortality and disability-adjusted life years in India. This review was conducted to estimate the prevalence of COPD using systematic review and meta-analysis technique. Method: Search was conducted using six databases for studies on COPD among population above 30 years in India between years 2000 to 2020. Cross-sectional and cohort studies reporting prevalence of COPD and associated risk factors were included in the present review. Screening and data extraction was done by two authors independently. Studies were appraised for quality using the modified New Castle Ottawa scale and reporting quality was assessed using STROBE guidelines. Result: Our search returned 8973 records, from which 23 records fulfilled the eligibility criteria. Overall, the prevalence of COPD among population aged 30 years and above in India was 7%. Risk factors like active and passive smoking, biomass fuel exposure, environmental tobacco smoke, occupational exposure to dust, indoor and outdoor pollution, and increasing age were reported to have a significant association with COPD among Indian population. Conclusion: Our findings suggest the need for a multicentric national-level research study to understand COPD burden and its contributing risk factors. The findings also suggest the need for COPD sensitive health literacy program focused on early screening and primary prevention of risk factors for COPD, which may help early initiation of self-management practices, that are crucial for better quality of life.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
5.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(749): 1515-1519, 2021 Sep 08.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495587

RESUMO

Inhaled medication is the cornerstone of medical treatment of COPD. The efficacy of these treatments depends on the optimal use of inhalation devices. This requires not only an impeccable inhalation technique, but above all the selection of an inhaler adapted to the patient. In this article, we describe the specificities of the different inhalation devices and some of the patient's characteristics to be taken into account when selecting an inhaler, in particular the presence of cognitive disorders, impaired dexterity or insufficient inspiratory force.


Assuntos
Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Administração por Inalação , Aerossóis/uso terapêutico , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Nebulizadores e Vaporizadores , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico
8.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 44(9): 800-805, 2021 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34496521

RESUMO

Objective: To retrospectively analyze the high risk factors of death in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and to explore the influence of aspiration on the long-term survival rate of COPD patients. Methods: A retrospective analysis of clinical data of inpatients, who were admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University from April 2012 to December 2013 due to COPD exacerbations and had radionuclide aspiration test, was conducted. Meanwhile, we phoned the patients' family members, whose phone numbers were recorded in the electronic patient record system, to follow up the patients' survival status, and learn the causes of death from their death records if patients died during follow-up period. Inquired the resident administration patients belonging to according to their original address to get patient's current contact information if changed. Besides, if family members of patients failed to provide death record, we should look up information concerned from the medical records room of the hospital where they died. Results: The follow-up for the last patient was performed on February 20, 2017.The time span of this study is 58 months, starting from the radionuclide aspiration test for the first patient and ending with the follow-up for the last patient. 16 of the 53 patients(16/53, 30.2%)were tested positive whose average age was slightly higher than patients without aspiration (76.0±6.8 vs 70.9±9.9), but there was no significant difference between them(P=0.064). The aspiration rates among patients over and under the age of seventy were 14/35 and 2/18 respectively, and there was a significant difference between them(P = 0.03). Compared to the aspiration-negative patients, the aspiration-positive patients had higher incidence rate of pneumonia in COPD exacerbations (11/16 vs 9/37, χ²= 9.383, P = 0.002).The major cause of death in the patients with and without aspiration were respectively severe pneumonia and pulmonary encephalopathy(P<0.05 in both cases).Among COPD patients who took radionuclide aspiration test, the median survival time of the patients with and without aspiration were about 3 and 5 years respectively. The high-risk factors influencing long-term survival of the COPD patients with aspiration included ICU-involved medical history and accompanying pneumonia. Conclusions: The incidence rate of aspiration is relatively high in COPD patients over 70 years old. Compared to COPD patients without aspiration, COPD patients with aspiration have higher incidence rate of pneumonia and shorter median survival time. ICU-involved medical history and severe pneumonia are the two high-risk factors influencing long-term survival of COPD patients with aspiration.To improve the survival time of COPD patients with aspiration, we need to attach importance to the prevention and treatment of aspiration.


Assuntos
Pneumonia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Pulmão , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
BMC Pulm Med ; 21(1): 278, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465321

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are various reasons for delayed positive nasopharyngeal PCR tests for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID19) in not only asymptomatic but also severely diseased patients. The pathophysiological attributes are not known. We explore this possibility through a case report. CASE PRESENTATION: A 64-year-old male with history of pulmonary fungal infection, asthma and chronic pulmonary obstructive disease (COPD), diabetes, coronary artery disease presented with shortness of breath, fever and chest image of ground opacity, reticular interstitial thickening, highly suspicious for COVID19. However, nasopharyngeal swab tests were discordantly negative for four times in two weeks, and IgG antibody for COVID19 was also negative. However, serum IgE level was elevated. No other pathogens are identified. His symptoms deteriorated despite corticosteroid, antibiotics and bronchodilator treatment. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) and open lung wedge biopsy were performed for etiology diagnosis. They demonstrated COVID19 viral RNA positive fibrosing organizing pneumonia with respiratory tract damage characterized by suspicious viral cytopathic effect, mixed neutrophilic, lymphoplasmacytic, histiocytic and eosinophilic inflammation and fibrosis besides expected asthma and COPD change. One week later, repeated COVID19 nasopharyngeal tests on day 40 and day 49 became positive. CONCLUSION: Our case and literature review indicate that allergic asthma and associated high IgE level together with corticosteroid inhalation might contribute to the delayed positive nasopharyngeal swab in upper airway; COPD related chronic airways obstruction and the addition of fibrosis induced ventilator dependence and poor prognosis in COVID19 pneumonia, and should be therapeutically targeted besides antiviral therapy.


Assuntos
Teste de Ácido Nucleico para COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico Tardio , Nasofaringe/virologia , SARS-CoV-2/isolamento & purificação , Administração por Inalação , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Asma/complicações , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/patologia , Lavagem Broncoalveolar , COVID-19/complicações , COVID-19/terapia , Evolução Fatal , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/patologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
12.
Chin Med J (Engl) ; 134(17): 2025-2036, 2021 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517376

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease characteristic of small airway inflammation, obstruction, and emphysema. It is well known that spirometry alone cannot differentiate each separate component. Computed tomography (CT) is widely used to determine the extent of emphysema and small airway involvement in COPD. Compared with the pulmonary function test, small airway CT phenotypes can accurately reflect disease severity in patients with COPD, which is conducive to improving the prognosis of this disease. CT measurement of central airway morphology has been applied in clinical, epidemiologic, and genetic investigations as an inference of the presence and severity of small airway disease. This review will focus on presenting the current knowledge and methodologies in chest CT that aid in identifying discrete COPD phenotypes.


Assuntos
Obstrução das Vias Respiratórias , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Enfisema Pulmonar , Humanos , Fenótipo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico por imagem , Enfisema Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488265

RESUMO

Objective: To analyze the application of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Screening Questionnaire and pulmonary function test in dust-exposed migrant workers. Methods: In May 2019, 149 cases of dust exposed migrant workers were selected as the research subjects through the free clinic in the countryside. COPD Screening Questionnaire and lung function test were carried out to analyze the high-risk groups and the influencing factors of positive pulmonary function test results. Results: Among 149 cases of dust-exposed migrant workers, 107 (71.8%) were positive for questionnaire screening, 73 (49.0%) were positive for pulmonary function test, 75 (50.3%) were diagnosed with coal worker's pneumoconiosis, and 101 (67.8%) were diagnosed with lung function injury. The positive rate of pulmonary function of migrant workers with positive questionnaire screening results was significantly higher than that of those with negative results (P<0.05) . The results of multivariate analysis showed that compared with non-pneumoconiosis, the risk of positive pulmonary function test results was higher in dust-exposed migrant workers with stage Ⅲ pneumoconiosis (OR=16.462, 95%CI: 3.390-79.946; P<0.01) . Compared with non-smoking, the risks of positive pulmonary function test results of dust-exposed migrant workers with smoking index of 11-20 package years and >20 package years were higher (OR=19.814, 95%CI: 3.854-101.883; OR=9.733, 95%CI: 2.310-41.008; P<0.01) . Conclusion: The risk of COPD in dust-exposed migrant workers is high, so we should strengthen the early examination of the high pneumoconiosis stage and smoking population. The screening questionnaire can better screen out the high-risk groups of COPD, and it can be used as a basic screening tool.


Assuntos
Minas de Carvão , Exposição Ocupacional , Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Migrantes , Poeira , Humanos , Pneumoconiose/diagnóstico , Pneumoconiose/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/diagnóstico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Testes de Função Respiratória , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488267

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the related risk factors of silicosis complicated with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) , so as to provide ideas for formulating relevant prevention and treatment measures. Methods: In August 2020, 135 silicosis patients hospitalized in the pneumoconiosis Department of Beidaihe rehabilitation hospital of the emergency management department from August 2019 to July 2020 were selected as the research object. The clinical data of the patients were collected. According to whether they were complicated with COPD, they were divided into Silicosis group (74 cases) and silicosis complicated with COPD group (61 cases) . The physical activity level of the patients was investigated with the international physical activity scale (IPAQ) . Results: Compared with Silicosis group, silicosis complicated with COPD group had higher body mass index (BMI) , current smoking, previous smoking, pneumoconiosis grade Ⅱ, pneumoconiosis grade Ⅲ, insufficient physical activity, family history of respiratory diseases and abnormal C-reactive protein (CRP) (P0.05) . Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking, family history of respiratory diseases and abnormal CRP were the risk factors of silicosis complicated with COPD (OR=4.704, 2.516, 4.445, P<0.05) . Conclusion: Now smoking, family history of respiratory diseases and abnormal CRP are the possible influencing factors of silicosis complicated with COPD.


Assuntos
Pneumoconiose , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Silicose , Humanos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/complicações , Estudos Retrospectivos , Silicose/complicações , Fumar
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(12): 3133-3143, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34467705

RESUMO

To study the effect of mineral Chloriti Lapis on pulmonary metabolites and metabolic pathways in lung tissues of rats with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD). The AECOPD rat model of phlegm heat syndrome was replicated by the method of smoking combined with Klebsiella pneumoniae infection. Except for using UPLC-Q-TOF-MS analysis, SPSS 18.0, SIMCA 13.0 and other software were also used for statistical analysis. Through literature search and online database comparison, the differential metabolites were identified, and the possible metabolic pathways were analyzed. After 15 days of administration, PLS-DA analysis was carried out on lung tissue samples of rats in each group. The results showed that the metabolic profiles of lung tissues of rats in each group could be well separated, which indicated that Chloriti Lapis and aminophylline had significant intervention effect on the lung metabolic profile of rats with AECOPD. Moreover, the metabolic profile of Chloriti Lapis group was closer to that of control group, and the intervention effect was better than that of aminophylline group. As a result, 15 potential differential metabolites were identified: phytosphingosine, sphinganine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], lysoPC(18∶0), stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), arachidonic acid, docosapentaenoic acid, linoleic acid and palmitic acid. Among them, Chloriti Lapis could significantly improve the levels of 10 differential metabolites of phytosphingosine, tetradecanoylcarnitine, L-palmitoylcarnitine, elaidic carnitine, lysoPC[18∶2(9Z,12Z)], lysoPC(16∶0), lysoPC[18∶1(9Z)], stearic acid, lysoPC(15∶0), and palmitic acid(P<0.05). The intervention effect of Chloriti Lapis group was better than that of aminophylline group. Analysis of metabolic pathways showed that there were 8 possible metabolic pathways that could be affected, and three of the most important metabolic pathways(pathway impact>0.1) were involved: linoleic acid metabolism, arachidonic acid metabolism, and sphingolipid metabolism. Chloriti Lapis had obvious intervention effects on lung tissue-related metabolites and metabolic pathways in rats with AECOPD, and the effect was better than that of aminophyllinne.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Animais , Pulmão , Metabolômica , Minerais , Ratos
17.
Molecules ; 26(17)2021 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34500777

RESUMO

Human neutrophil elastase (HNE) is a uniquely destructive serine protease with the ability to unleash a wave of proteolytic activity by destroying the inhibitors of other proteases. Although this phenomenon forms an important part of the innate immune response to invading pathogens, it is responsible for the collateral host tissue damage observed in chronic conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and in more acute disorders such as the lung injuries associated with COVID-19 infection. Previously, a combinatorially selected activity-based probe revealed an unexpected substrate preference for oxidised methionine, which suggests a link to oxidative pathogen clearance by neutrophils. Here we use oxidised model substrates and inhibitors to confirm this observation and to show that neutrophil elastase is specifically selective for the di-oxygenated methionine sulfone rather than the mono-oxygenated methionine sulfoxide. We also posit a critical role for ordered solvent in the mechanism of HNE discrimination between the two oxidised forms methionine residue. Preference for the sulfone form of oxidised methionine is especially significant. While both host and pathogens have the ability to reduce methionine sulfoxide back to methionine, a biological pathway to reduce methionine sulfone is not known. Taken together, these data suggest that the oxidative activity of neutrophils may create rapidly cleaved elastase "super substrates" that directly damage tissue, while initiating a cycle of neutrophil oxidation that increases elastase tissue damage and further neutrophil recruitment.


Assuntos
Imunidade Inata , Elastase de Leucócito/metabolismo , Metionina/análogos & derivados , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Biocatálise , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/patologia , COVID-19/virologia , Domínio Catalítico/genética , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/imunologia , Humanos , Elastase de Leucócito/antagonistas & inibidores , Elastase de Leucócito/genética , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Metionina/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Infiltração de Neutrófilos , Neutrófilos/enzimologia , Oxirredução/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/imunologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/patologia , SARS-CoV-2/imunologia , Especificidade por Substrato/imunologia
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501549

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Severe and critically ill COVID-19 patients frequently need pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) after hospitalization. However, little is known about the effectiveness of PR in COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We compared the performances in the six-min walk test (6MWT), chronic respiratory questionnaire (CRQ), and Functional Independence Measure (FIM) from inpatient PR between 51 COVID-19 patients and 51 other patients with common pneumonia. We used multivariate linear regression controlled for baseline values at entrance, age, sex, and cumulative illness rating scale. The odds ratios (ORs) of non-improvement/improvement in 6MWT (>30-m) and CRQ (>10-point) at discharge were compared between the two groups (Fisher's exact test). RESULTS: The two groups had similar improvements in 6MWT and CRQ, but the COVID-19 group achieved a 4-point higher FIM (p-value = 0.004). The OR of non-improvement/improvement in 6MWT was 0.30 (p-value = 0.13) between COVID-19 and controls; however, the odds of non-improvement in CRQ tended to be 3.02 times higher (p-value = 0.075) in COVID-19 patients. Severe and critical COVID-19 patients had similar rehabilitation outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: Inpatient PR can effectively improve physical functions and life quality in COVID-19 patients, irrespective of disease severity. Whether the relatively low gains in CRQ is an indicator of chronic disease development in COVID-19 patients needs further studies.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Estado Terminal , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34501596

RESUMO

For COVID-19 patients who remain symptomatic after the acute phase, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is recommended. However, only a few studies have investigated the effectiveness of PR, especially considering the duration between the acute phase of COVID-19 and the onset of rehabilitation, as well as the initial severity. This prospective observational study evaluated the efficacy of PR in patients after COVID-19. A total of 120 still-symptomatic patients referred for PR after overcoming acute COVID-19 were asked to participate, of whom 108 (mean age 55.6 ± 10.1 years, 45.4% female) consented. The patients were assigned to three groups according to the time of referral and initial disease severity (severe acute; severe after interval; mild after interval). The primary outcome was dyspnea. Secondary outcomes included other respiratory disease symptoms, physical capacity, lung function, fatigue, quality of life (QoL), depression, and anxiety. Furthermore, patients rated the overall effectiveness of PR and their subjective change in health status. At the end of PR, we detected improvements with large effect sizes in exertional dyspnea, physical capacity, QoL, fatigue, and depression in the overall group. Other parameters changed with small to medium effect sizes. PR was effective after acute COVID-19 in all three groups analyzed.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Idoso , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , SARS-CoV-2 , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(17)2021 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34502019

RESUMO

The lungs play a very important role in the human respiratory system. However, many factors can destroy the structure of the lung, causing several lung diseases and, often, serious damage to people's health. Nerve growth factor (NGF) is a polypeptide which is widely expressed in lung tissues. Under different microenvironments, NGF participates in the occurrence and development of lung diseases by changing protein expression levels and mediating cell function. In this review, we summarize the functions of NGF as well as some potential underlying mechanisms in pulmonary fibrosis (PF), coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), pulmonary hypertension (PH), asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and lung cancer. Furthermore, we highlight that anti-NGF may be used in future therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Remodelação das Vias Aéreas/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/patologia , Fator de Crescimento Neural/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Asma/patologia , COVID-19/tratamento farmacológico , COVID-19/patologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão Pulmonar/patologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/patologia , Fibrose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar/patologia
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