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1.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1232: 355-360, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31893431

RESUMO

Epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is associated with visceral fat and various cardiac disorders, such as atrial fibrillation and adverse cardiovascular events. Therefore, it is important to develop a simple and non-invasive inspection method to assess EAT, to prevent unfavorable cardiac events. This study assessed correlations between near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) changes induced by a vascular occlusion test (VOT) and EAT volume measured by cardiac computed tomography (CCT) in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. We also assessed correlations between body mass index (BMI) and EAT volume in the same population. In addition, these correlations were compared in patients treated with statin therapy and in those without statin therapy. A NIRS probe was set on the right thenar eminence, and brachial artery blood flow was blocked for 3 min before being released. A negative correlation was found between oxyhemoglobin (ΔO2Hb) and EAT volume in the overall study population (r = -0.236, p = 0.03). Interestingly, although a strong correlation was observed in patients without statin therapy (r = -0.488, p < 0.001), this correlation was not observed in patients with statin therapy (r = 0.157, p = 0.34). These findings suggest that NIRS measurements with VOT may be a useful method to identify patients with high EAT volume and high cardiovascular risks.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Espectroscopia de Luz Próxima ao Infravermelho , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17805, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689862

RESUMO

Carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) increases in patients with adult type-2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and is used for early detection of macrovascular complications. We aimed to investigate the change of C-IMT in prediabetes and type-2 DM patients compared to subjects with normal glucose metabolism (NGM).A total of 180 individuals (60 subjects with NGM, 60 patients with prediabetes and 60 patients with type-2 DM) were included in this study. Routine laboratory and micro-macrovascular involvement were investigated. Urine albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR) was measured for urinary albuminuria detection. In addition to routine laboratory examination, right-left common and internal C-IMT (CC-IMT and IC-IMT) were measured.Systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were found to be higher in prediabetes and type-2 DM groups than NGM group. The prevalence of nephropathy and presence of CAD were higher in type-2 DM groups than prediabetes. Glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, blood urea nitrogen, creatinine, high sensitive C reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels and urinary ACR were significantly higher in patients within prediabetes and type-2 DM groups than NGM group. Glucose, HbA1c and hs-CRP levels were found to be higher in type-2 DM groups than prediabetes. Estimated glomerular filtration rate and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol level was found to be lower in patients within prediabetes and type-2 DM groups than NGM group. Right-left-mean CC-IMT and IC-IMT values were found to be higher in prediabetes and type-2 DM groups than NGM group. Left IC-IMT, left CC-IMT, and mean IC-IMT values were found to be higher in type-2 DM patients compared to prediabetes. LDL and HDL cholesterols, HbA1c, and hs-CRP levels were independently associated with IC-IMT and CC-IMT.C-IMT values were significantly higher in impaired glucose metabolism compared to NGM. C-IMT measurement may be used as part of routine screening of macrovascular complication in patients with prediabetes and newly diagnosed type-2 DM.


Assuntos
Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiopatias Diabéticas/diagnóstico , Estado Pré-Diabético/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Glicemia/metabolismo , Pressão Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estado Pré-Diabético/sangue , Estado Pré-Diabético/fisiopatologia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(43): e17664, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31651893

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), including coronary heart disease (CHD), atherosclerotic stroke and peripheral vascular disease, has become the most deadly chronic noncommunicable disease throughout the world in recent decades, while plaque regression could reduce the occurrence of ASCVD. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been widely used for prevention and treatment of these diseases. In the perspective of TCM, phlegm and blood stasis are considered to be leading pathogenesis for CHD. Hence, activating blood circulation and dissipating phlegm, which is of great benefit to regress plaque, have been regarded as general principles in treatment. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 36-year-old man presented with a 3-month history of intermittent exertional chest pain. Coronary angiography revealed 60% stenosis of the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. Liver function showed: alanine transaminase (ALT):627U/L, aspartate transaminase (AST):243U/L. DIAGNOSES: CHD and hepatitis B with severe liver dysfunction. INTERVENTIONS: The patient should have been treated with high-intensity statin therapy. Actually, due to severe liver dysfunction, Huazhirougan granule instead of statins was administered. In addition, he was treated with TCM according to syndrome differentiation for two and a half years. OUTCOMES: The chest pain disappeared and other symptoms alleviated as well after treatment. Coronary computed tomographic angiography revealed no stenosis in the proximal left anterior descending coronary artery. ALT and AST level returned to normal (ALT:45U/L,AST:24U/L). LESSONS: For patients with CHD and severe hepatic dysfunction, antilipidemic drugs such as statins are not recommended. This case suggested that TCM might fill a gap in lipid-lowering therapy. Thus, we could see that statins were not the only drug for plaque regression and the effect of TCM in treating coronary artery disease cannot be ignored.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Hepatite B/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/administração & dosagem , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Adulto , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Testes de Função Hepática , Masculino
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17629, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626147

RESUMO

The potential relationship between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and colorectal adenoma has been widely indicated. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the risk of colorectal adenoma and CAC progression in asymptomatic Korean adults who underwent serial assessments by colonoscopy and CAC scan.A total of 754 asymptomatic participants, who had undergone serial CAC scans and colonoscopies for screening, were enrolled. Changes in CAC were assessed according to the absolute change between baseline and follow-up results. CAC progression was defined using Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis method. Risk for adenoma at follow-up colonoscopy was determined using hazard ratio (HR) by Cox regression. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was measured.The mean follow-up duration was 3.4 ± 2.5 years. CAC progression was found in 215 participants (28.5%). Participants with adenoma at index colonoscopy showed a higher rate of CAC progression than those without (38.8% vs 23.6%, P < .01). In participants with adenoma at index colonoscopy, CAC progression significantly increased the cumulative risk for adenoma at follow-up colonoscopy (HR = 1.48, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.06-2.06, log-rank P = .021). In multivariate analysis, male sex (HR = 2.57, 95% CI 1.22-5.42, P = .013), ≥3 adenomas at index colonoscopy (HR = 2.60, 95% CI 1.16-5.85, P = .021), and CAC progression (HR = 2.74, 95% CI 1.48-5.08, P = .001) increased the risk of adenoma at follow-up colonoscopy. In participants without adenoma at index colonoscopy, neither baseline CAC presence nor CAC progression increased the risk of adenoma at follow-up colonoscopy. The interaction between CAC progression and adenoma at index colonoscopy was significant in multivariable model (P = .005). In the ROC analysis, AUC of CAC progression for adenoma at follow-up colonoscopy was 0.625 (95% CI 0.567-0.684, P < .001) in participants with adenoma at index colonoscopy.Participants with CAC progression, who are at high risk of coronary atherosclerosis, may need to be considered for follow-up evaluation of colorectal adenoma, especially those with adenoma at index colonoscopy.


Assuntos
Adenoma/complicações , Cálcio/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/etiologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Medição de Risco/métodos , Calcificação Vascular/etiologia , Adenoma/diagnóstico , Doenças Assintomáticas , Colonoscopia , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Vasos Coronários/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada Multidetectores , Curva ROC , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico , Calcificação Vascular/epidemiologia
5.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 47(10): 798-805, 2019 Oct 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31648462

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the clinical characteristics and long-term prognosis between male and female patients with premature coronary artery disease (PCAD) post coronary intervention, and analyse the risk factors of major adverse cardio-cerebrovascular events (MACCE) and bleeding events. Methods: This was a prospective single-center observational study. From January 2013 to December 2013, 4 744 patients diagnosed as PCAD and treated with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in Fuwai Hospital were enrolled. The general clinical data, laboratory results and interventional treatment data of all patients were collected, and patients were followed up for 2 years after PCI and the incidence of events including MACCE and bleeding was analyzed. The baseline data and clinical events of PCAD patients of different genders were compared. Survival curves were estimated by Kaplan-Meier method. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression were used to analyze whether gender was an influencing factor of different clinical events of PCAD patients within 2 years after PCI, and other relevant influencing factors of MACCE and bleeding events. Results: Among the 4 744 PCAD patients included, there were 3 390 (71.5%) male aged (47.0±5.4) years old and 1 354 (28.5%) female aged (57.0±5.8) years old. Compared with female patients, male patients had higher body mass index, higher proportion of hyperlipidemia, smoking, myocardial infarction, previous PCI, preoperative estimated glomerular filtration rate, ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction, radial artery approach, intravenous ultrasound use and chronic occlusive lesions (all P<0.05). Age, left ventricular ejection fraction, prevalence of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, past stroke history, non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) and the use of calcium channel blockers were lower in male patients than in female patients (all P<0.05). The 2-year follow-up results showed that the incidence of BARC type 1 hemorrhage was significantly higher in female patients than in male patients (6.9%(92/1 343) vs. 3.7%(126/3 378), P<0.001); however, the incidence of MACCE, all-cause death, cardiac death, recurrent myocardial infarction, revascularization (target vessel revascularization and target lesion revascularization), stent thrombosis, stroke and BARC type 2-5 hemorrhage were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that gender was an independent risk factor for BARC type 1 bleeding in PCAD patients (HR=2.180, 95%CI 1.392-3.416, P<0.001), but it was not an independent risk factor for MACCE and BARC type 2-5 bleeding(all P>0.05). Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS were the independent risk factors for MACCE in PCAD patients with PCI (the HRs(95%CI) were 1.289(1.052-1.580), 1.030(1.019-1.042), 1.758(1.365-2.264), 1.264(1.040-1.537), respectively); gender (HR=1.579, 95%CI 1.085-2.297, P=0.017), hyperlipidemia (HR=1.305, 95%CI 1.005-1.695, P=0.046), anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin (HR=1.321, 95%CI 1.002-1.741, P=0.048) or sulfonate(HR=1.659, 95%CI 1.198-2.298, P=0.002) were the independent risk factors for bleeding events. Conclusions: There are differences in clinical and coronary artery lesion characteristics between different genders in patients with PCAD. The incidence of minor bleeding is significantly higher in female PCAD patients than in male PCAD patients. Hyperlipidemia, preoperative SYNTAX score, multivessel lesions and NSTE-ACS are the independent risk factors for MACCE, and gender, hyperlipidemia, anticoagulant drugs including low molecular weight heparin or sulfonate are the independent risk factors for bleeding events in patients with PCAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Bratisl Lek Listy ; 120(8): 581-585, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31379181

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible association of miR-206 serum as an indicator of diagnosis in patients with coronary artery disease. METHODS: In this study, 100 patients with coronary artery disease who had angiography and vascular transplantation were selected and evaluated. Extraction of microRNAs from peripheral blood plasma was performed using an exclusive microRNA extraction kit. Then the cDNA synthesis of the target microRNA was performed and its concentration and purity were evaluated. The expression level of miR-206 was performed using the real-time PCR technique and the SYBER Green method, using U6 snRNA as an internal control. In order to analyze the amount of microRNA expression and the significance of the patient sample, the t­test was used to compare the control sample. Also, Pearson correlation coefficient test was used to determine the relationship between the expression level of microRNAs. RESULTS: The results showed a positive correlation between miR-206 expression and coronary artery disease.While the average expression of 1 ± 0.18 in the control sample was increased to 8.76 according to the severity of involvement in the patient, the relative expression of miR-206 in the CAD + group was significantly increased compared to the control (p < 0. 03). CONCLUSIONS: It appears that miR-206 can be considered as an indicator of coronary endothelial cell function. As such, it can be used as a biomarker for prognosis and in controlling the treatment for coronary artery disease (Tab. 2, Fig. 3, Ref. 20).


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , MicroRNAs/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Humanos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Tuberk Toraks ; 67(2): 102-107, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31414640

RESUMO

Introduction: Respiratory and cardiac functions in association with skeletal and neurophysiologic systems can be evaluated with cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET). Compared to treadmill exercise test, CPET provides more comprehensive data about the hemodynamic response to exercise. Materials and Methods: We aimed to evaluate the relationship with CPET findings and coronary lesions identified on angiography in patients with angina pectoris who underwent teradmill exercise, CPET and coronary angiography (CAG). By this way we sought to examine the CPET parameters that might be predictive for coronary artery disease (CAD) before diagnostic exercise test results and ischemia symptoms develop. Thirty patients in whom CAG was planned because of symptoms and exercise test results were enrolled in the study. Oxygen consumption (VO2), carbondioxide production (VCO2), minute ventilation (VE), maximum work rate (WR), DVO2/DWR and O2 pulse (VO2/HR) values were calculated. Significant CAD was defined as ≥ 50% narrowing in at least one of the coronary arteries. Result: The mean age was 60.4 ± 8.9 years ve 21 (65.6%) of subjects were male. On CAG, CAD was detected in 19 (59.4%) patients. Maximum heart rate, heart rate reserve (HRR), VE/VCO2 measured at anaerobic threshold (AT) and VO2(mL/kg/min) were significantly differed in patients with CAD than those without (p= 0.031; p= 0.041; p= 0.028; p= 0.03 respectively). Peak VO2, VO2/WR and O2 pulse values were higher in patients with normal angiographic results than those with CAD but the difference did not reach to statistical significance. Conclusions: The findings of our study indicate that among CPET parameters AT VE/VCO2, ATVO2 (mL/kg/dk) and HRR can have predictive value in the diagnosis of CAD. We think that these parameters might be used in the evaluation of patients with angina and dyspnea suspected of CAD. In conclusion parameters obtained during the test that are not influenced by patient's effort might increase the value of CPET in the diagnosis CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Teste de Esforço , Idoso , Angina Pectoris/diagnóstico , Angina Pectoris/fisiopatologia , Dióxido de Carbono/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Teste de Esforço/normas , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio , Testes de Função Respiratória
8.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8309, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411246

RESUMO

This study aimed to detect the expression of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) and evaluate its correlation with disease risk, stenosis degree, inflammation, as well as overall survival (OS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. A total of 230 patients who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography were consecutively recruited and assigned to CAD group (n=125) or control group (n=105) according to presence or absence of CAD. Gensini score was calculated to assess the severity of coronary artery damage. Plasma samples were collected and the expression ANRIL was detected in all participants. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-17 in CAD patients were measured and OS was calculated. The relative expression of ANRIL was higher in CAD patients compared to controls (P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic disclosed that ANRIL could distinguish CAD patients from controls with an area under the curve of 0.789 (95%CI: 0.731-0.847). Spearman's rank correlation test revealed that expression of ANRIL was positively correlated with Gensini score (P=0.001), levels of hs-CRP (P=0.001), ESR (P=0.038), TNF-α (P=0.004), and IL-6 (P<0.001), while negatively correlated with IL-10 level (P=0.008) in CAD patients. Kaplan-Meier curve revealed that high expression of ANRIL was associated with shorter OS (P=0.013). In conclusion, circulating ANRIL presented a good diagnostic value for CAD, and its high expression was associated with increased stenosis degree, raised inflammation, and poor OS in CAD patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Idoso , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(4): 29-32, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311215

RESUMO

Aim and Objectives: This study has been undertaken to determine and compare the levels of serum uric acid in cases with and without coronary artery disease (CAD), to study association between serum uric acid (SUA) level with presence and severity of coronary artery disease. Methods: Total 80 cases more than 13 years of age who presented to hospital with symptoms related to CAD were included in the study and divided into two groups based on coronary angiography reports. Serum uric acid level was measured in all patients by Uricase method. Presence and severity of CAD was assessed by coronary angiography. Association of SUA level with presence and severity of CAD were assessed by statistical analysis. Results: In total, 39 (48.75%) of the patients were diagnosed with CAD having mean age of 56.71 ± 10.36 years. The CAD patients had significantly higher SUA levels than those without CAD, (7.35 ± 1.61mg/dl vs. 4.08 ± 0.83 mg/dl, p=<0.001).There was statistically significant association between SUA and severity of CAD. Serum uric acid levels were increased in cases with CAD with increase in severity of CAD (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Serum uric acid was significantly associated with the presence and severity of CAD and can be used for assessing severity of CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adolescente , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e15959, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305390

RESUMO

The prognostic significance of systemic atherothrombosis in heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the relation between the presence of polyvascular disease (PVD) and cardiovascular outcomes in HFpEF patients.A total of 510 consecutive HFpEF patients were prospectively observed for up to 1500 days or until occurrence of cardiovascular events. PVD was defined as ≥2 coexistence of coronary artery disease, peripheral arterial disease, and cerebrovascular disease.Overall, 124 cardiovascular events were observed during follow-up (median: 1430 days). Kaplan-Meier curve showed HFpEF with PVD (n = 84) experienced more cardiovascular events than did those without PVD patients (44.0% vs 20.4%, log-rank: P < .001). Multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis with significant factors from univariate analysis showed the presence of PVD (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.875, 95% [CI]: 1.894-4.365, P < .001), previous HF hospitalization (HR: 1.578, 95% CI: 1.031-2.414, P = .036), hemoglobin (HR: 0.889, 95% CI: 0.805-0.983, P = .021), serum sodium (HR: 0.946, 95% CI 0.896-1.000, P = .048), ln-BNP (per 1.0, HR: 1.255, 95% CI: 1.055-1.494, P = .010), and E/e' (HR: 1.047, 95% CI: 1.020-1.075, P < .001) significantly predicted future cardiovascular events. Multivariable Cox hazard analysis with 4 established factors (age, BNP, diabetes mellitus, and previous HF hospitalization) from the I-PRESERVE (Irbesartan in HFpEF) study showed PVD was independently associated with cardiovascular events in HFpEF patients (HR: 2.562, 95% CI: 1.715-3.827, P < .001).The presence of PVD is significantly associated with cardiovascular events in HFpEF, suggesting the importance of screening PVD in HFpEF.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Doença Arterial Periférica/diagnóstico , Idoso , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/epidemiologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Função Ventricular Esquerda
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16464, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305479

RESUMO

Atherosclerosis is the primary etiological factor associated with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Kidneys have a highly arterial vascular structure and are therefore commonly affected by atherosclerosis, including those affecting the coronary arteries. Renal shear wave elastography (SWE) is an ultrasonographic method, which provides reliable information regarding the condition of the renal parenchyma.We investigated the relationship between SWE findings and the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.We calculated the following: the renal cortical stiffness (rCS) evaluated via SWE, the renal resistive index, the renal pulsatility index, the acceleration time, and the mean Syntax score (SS). Patients with a mean SS <12 were categorized into a low-risk (LR) and those with a mean SS ≥12 were categorized into the high-risk (HR) group.Our study included 132 patients-76 in the LR and 56 in the HR group. Creatinine, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and rCS were significantly higher, but the glomerular filtration rate (GFR) was significantly lower in the HR group. The Hs-CRP (odds ratio [OR] 1.220), GFR (OR 0.967), and rCS (OR 1.316) were observed to be independent predictors for the HR group. The cutoff value of rCS using receiver-operating characteristic curve analysis was 4.43 for the prediction of HR patients and showed 60.7% sensitivity and 57.9% specificity (area under the curve 0.642).SWE which shows renal parenchymal injury and atherosclerosis in renal vessels may give an idea about the severity of coronary atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Imagem por Elasticidade , Córtex Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Angiografia Coronária , Creatinina/sangue , Elasticidade , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Córtex Renal/irrigação sanguínea , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tecido Parenquimatoso/diagnóstico por imagem , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
13.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3 Supl): 302-305, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023113

RESUMO

A isquemia miocárdica induzida por esforço em níveis significativos interferiria no aumento no volume sistólico e levaria à deflexão da curva do PuO2. A alteração da resposta curvilínea do PuO2, que resulta em achatamento da curva, demonstraria redução do volume sistólico e/ou falha para aumentar a extração de oxigênio. Em revisão não sistemática da literatura, encontramos poucos relatos sobre a deflexão da curva do PuO2 secundária à isquemia induzida por esforço, totalizando apenas nove estudos em 22 anos, que abrangeram 339 pacientes. A sensibilidade e a especificidade do TE foi de, respectivamente, 46% e 66%; a sensibilidade e a especificidade do TCP atingiram, respectivamente, 51% e 60%, considerando-se a deflexão do PuO2. Quando a deflexão do PuO2 foi associada à relação entre VO2/work rate slope, a sensibilidade e a especificidade atingiram 87% e 74%, respectivamente. No subgrupo com isquemia extensa, o pico do PuO2 foi reduzido em comparação com o subgrupo com isquemia discreta (12,8 ± 3,8 vs. 16,4 ± 4,6 ­ p < 0,05), demonstrando que a deflexão da curva de PuO2 pode estar presente nos casos de isquemia miocárdica extensa. Houve elevação do PuO2 de 11,76 para 13,27 ml/batimento e do slope de PuO2 de 7,05 para 9,25 depois de angioplastia coronariana. Há indícios de que a utilização do teste cardiopulmonar no diagnóstico da doença coronariana pode ser útil, rastreando os casos de maior gravidade


Exercise-induced myocardial ischemia, at significant levels, may interfere in the increase of systolic volume and cause deflection of the PuO2 curve. A change of the curvilinear response of PuO2, which results in a flattening of the curve, demonstrates a reduction of the systolic volume and/or failure to increase the extraction of oxygen. In a non-systematic literature review, we found few publications about the deflection of the PuO2 curve, secondary to exercise-induced ischemia, totaling only nine studies over 22 years, and including 339 patients. The sensitivity and the specificity of the ET were 46% and 66%, respectively; the sensitivity and the sensibility of the CPT reached 51% and 60%, respectively, considering the deflection of PuO2. When the deflection of PuO2 was associated with the relationship between VO2/work rate slope, the sensibility and specificity reached 87% and 74%, respectively. In the subgroup with extensive ischemia, peak PuO2 was reduced as compared to the subgroup with mild ischemia (12.8±3.8 vs. 16.4±4.6 - p < 0.05), showing that there may be a flattening of the curve in cases with extensive myocardial ischemia. There was an increase in PuO2 from 11.76 to 13.27 ml/beat and of the slope of PuO2 from 7.05 to 9.25 following coronary angioplasty. There are indications that the use of cardiopulmonary testing may be useful in the diagnosis of coronary heart disease, detecting more serious cases


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Consumo de Oxigênio , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Teste de Esforço/métodos , Prognóstico , Volume Sistólico , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Exercício , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Isquemia Miocárdica , Frequência Cardíaca
14.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 32(4): 250-259, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217061

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Identification of new risk factors is needed to improve prediction of adverse outcomes in patients with three-vessel disease (TVD). The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic values of serum chloride and sodium levels in patients with TVD. METHODS: We used data from a prospective cohort of consecutive patients with angiographically confirmed TVD. The primary endpoint was all-cause death. Cox proportional hazard regression was used to analyze the relationship of serum chloride and sodium levels with long-term outcomes of TVD patients. RESULTS: A total of 8,318 participants with available serum chloride and sodium data were included in this analysis. At baseline, patients in the low tertiles group of serum chloride level (⪕ 102.0 mmol/L) or serum sodium level (⪕ 139.0 mmol/L) had more severe disease conditions. During a median follow-up of 7.5-year, both low serum chloride level and low serum sodium level were found to be associated with an increased risk for mortality in univariate analysis. However, when both parameters were incorporated into a multivariate model, only low serum sodium level remained to be an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio: 1.16, 95% confidence interval: 1.01-1.34, P = 0.041). Modest but significant improvement of discrimination was observed after incorporating serum sodium level into the Synergy between percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery score. CONCLUSION: Serum sodium level is more strongly associated with long-term outcomes of TVD patients compared with serum chloride level. Low serum sodium level is an independent risk factor for mortality, but only provides modest prognostic information beyond an established risk model.


Assuntos
Cloretos/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Sódio/sangue , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 261: 199-204, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156116

RESUMO

Clinical decision support is very important especially in such a wide-spread disease as a coronary artery disease. A large variety of prediction methods can potentially solve the classification problem to support clinical decisions. However, not all of them provide similar efficiency for the classification of patients with coronary artery disease. We have analyzed prediction the efficiency of classifiers (Ridge Classifier, XGB Classifier and Logistic Regression) depending on the number and combination of features. We have tested 24 sets of features on 4 classifiers to proof the hypothesis that using optimized features sets with a higher Pearson ratio results in more efficient classifiers than using all available data.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Modelos Logísticos , Algoritmos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Humanos
16.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 1009-1012, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204372

RESUMO

Spontaneous coronary artery rupture (SCAR) is an extremely rare, life-threatening entity without any previous underlying diseases. The clinical presentation may differ according to the site of the rupture and some patients may deteriorate early into sudden death due to the abrupt evolution of the associated cardiac tamponade and cardiogenic shock.1) The correct diagnosis of SCAR deserves a high level of suspicion. It may be confirmed as a differential diagnosis in patients with cardiac tamponade using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) following emergency pericardiocentesis, and a definite diagnosis can be achieved by selective angiography. Although SCAR is associated with a dismal prognosis, some patients have recovered through emergency surgical operations or catheter interventions.2) We report the case of a patient presenting cardiac tamponade and cardiogenic shock due to spontaneous rupture of the circumflex branch of the left coronary artery, which was successfully isolated by bilateral ligation.


Assuntos
Tamponamento Cardíaco/etiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Doença Aguda , Tamponamento Cardíaco/diagnóstico , Tamponamento Cardíaco/cirurgia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Vasos Coronários/cirurgia , Humanos , Ligadura/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pericardiocentese , Ruptura Espontânea , Choque Cardiogênico/diagnóstico , Choque Cardiogênico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
17.
Molecules ; 24(11)2019 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151162

RESUMO

Fluorine-19 magnetic resonance imaging (19F MRI) with intravenously applied perfluorooctyl bromide-nanoemulsions (PFOB-NE) has proven its feasibility to visualize inflammatory processes in experimental disease models. This approach is based on the properties of monocytes/macrophages to ingest PFOB-NE particles enabling specific cell tracking in vivo. However, information on safety (cellular function and viability), mechanism of ingestion and impact of specific disease environment on PFOB-NE uptake is lacking. This information is, however, crucial for the interpretation of 19F MRI signals and a possible translation to clinical application. To address these issues, whole blood samples were collected from patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), stable coronary artery disease (SCAD) and healthy volunteers. Samples were exposed to fluorescently-labeled PFOB-NE and particle uptake, cell viability and migration activity was evaluated by flow cytometry and MRI. We were able to show that PFOB-NE is ingested by human monocytes in a time- and subset-dependent manner via active phagocytosis. Monocyte function (migration, phagocytosis) and viability was maintained after PFOB-NE uptake. Monocytes of STEMI and SCAD patients did not differ in their maximal PFOB-NE uptake compared to healthy controls. In sum, our study provides further evidence for a safe translation of PFOB-NE for imaging purposes in humans.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética de Flúor-19 , Fluorcarbonetos , Imagem Molecular , Monócitos/fisiologia , Nanopartículas , Fagocitose/fisiologia , Adulto , Biomarcadores , Sobrevivência Celular , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Emulsões , Imunofluorescência , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética de Flúor-19/métodos , Fluorcarbonetos/química , Humanos , Macrófagos , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Fatores de Tempo
18.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 109-113, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118652

RESUMO

Aims: This study aimed to utilize a validated sleep questionnaire as a screening tool for symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea in patients undergoing coronary catheterization in Jordan. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional design was used to screen adult patients undergoing coronary catheterization for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The Berlin sleep questionnaire was used to record nocturnal and daytime symptoms of OSA and to stratify patients into "low-risk" or "high-risk" for OSA. Coronary artery disease was defined as ≥50% intraluminal stenosis in at least one coronary vessel. Results: A total of 398 patients were studied, mean age was 58.7 years (SD=10.70), ranging from 21-92 years, and 68.6% were males. Based on the Berlin sleep questionnaire's definition, 176 patients (44.2%) were at high-risk for obstructive sleep apnea. Snoring was reported by 61%; loud in 42.1%, and frequent in 62%. Daytime sleepiness was reported by 36%, and 18.9% had fallen asleep while driving. Witnessed apnea during sleep was less reported (7.8%). Prevalence of symptoms and risk of OSA were not different between patients with and without coronary artery disease, P>0.05. In addition, logistic regression indicated that there was no significant association between risk of OSA and coronary artery disease, adjusted (odds ratio=0.93, 95% Confidence Interval=0.60-1.44, P=0.752). Conclusions: Symptoms and risk of obstructive sleep apnea were common among adult Jordanians undergoing coronary catheterization. There was no association between risk of obstructive sleep apnea and coronary artery disease. Larger studies are needed to assess the role of screening for obstructive sleep apnea in this patient population.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Cardíaco , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/diagnóstico , Sono , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Estenose Coronária/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Jordânia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/epidemiologia , Apneia Obstrutiva do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Ter Arkh ; 91(4): 130-135, 2019 May 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31094487

RESUMO

Obesity is closely associated with metabolic and cardiovascular diseases, including dyslipidemia, coronary artery disease, hypertension, and heart failure. Adipose tissue (AT) is identified as a complex endocrine organ, with a wide range of regulatory functions at the cellular, tissue and systemic levels. Various terms, including paracardiac, epicardial and pericardial, are used to describe the fatty deposits surrounding the heart. Among all the fat depots, perivascular AT (PVAT) is of great biological significance for the cardiovascular system due to its anatomical proximity to the vessels. Recent studies have shown the presence of a complex, bidirectional paracrine and vasocardial signaling system between the vascular wall and PVAT. In the review, we will discuss the biological role of PVAT in both the physiological state and cardiovascular pathology, emphasizing its dual proatherogenic and antiatherogenic role. Let us consider PVAT as a target for various therapeutic agents in cardiovascular diseases. We will also analyze data on the role of non-invasive techniques as a diagnostic tool for assessing coronary artery inflammation.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo , Vasos Sanguíneos/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Tecido Adiposo/patologia , Tecido Adiposo/fisiologia , Vasos Sanguíneos/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/metabolismo , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/metabolismo , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Obesidade/patologia , Pericárdio
20.
Angiology ; 70(9): 844-852, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122026

RESUMO

This meta-analysis assessed the prognostic value of serum γ-glutamyltransferase (GGT) level for cardiovascular (CV) and all-cause mortality in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). We conducted a systematic literature search of PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang, and Weipu databases until December 2018. Observational studies investigating the prognostic role of serum GGT level for CV and all-cause mortality in patients with CAD were included. Pooled risk ratios (RR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the highest versus the lowest GGT level were used to summarize the prognostic value. Twelve studies involving 12 531 patients with CAD were included. Meta-analysis showed that elevated GGT level was significantly associated with higher risk of CV mortality (RR: 2.04; 95% CI: 1.57-2.64) and all-cause mortality (RR: 1.49; 95% CI: 1.27-1.74) in patients with CAD. This meta-analysis suggests that elevated serum GGT levels are an independent predictor of CV and all-cause mortality in patients with CAD. Determination of GGT level may improve the prediction of CV and all-cause mortality in patients with CAD.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Sistema Cardiovascular/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , gama-Glutamiltransferase/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Humanos , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
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