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1.
Cardiovasc Ther ; 2020: 9625181, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934665

RESUMO

Background: The white blood cell count to mean platelet volume ratio (WMR) is an indicator of inflammation in patients with atherosclerotic disease. Residual SYNTAX Score (RSS) is an objective measure of degree and complexity of residual stenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We investigated the relationship between WMR and clinical prognosis and RSS in patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (P-PCI). Method: Between June 2015 and December 2018, 537 patients who underwent primary PCI were evaluated for in-hospital events, and 477 patients were evaluated for clinical events during follow-up after discharge. The endpoint of our study is major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) seen in the in-hospital and follow-up periods. Results: In our study, 537 patients were stratified into two groups according to admission median WMR. There were 268 patients in the low WMR group (WMR < 1286) and 269 patients in the high WMR group (WMR ≥ 1286). RSS (p = 0.01) value of the high WMR group was higher than that of the low WMR group. The rates of in-hospital MACE (p = 0.001), cardiac death (p < 0.001), decompansated heart failure (0.007), and ventricular tachycardia/fibrillation (p = 0.003) were higher in the high WMR group than in the low WMR group. The follow-up MACEs (p = 0.043), cardiac death (p = 0.026), and reinfarction (p = 0.031) ratio were higher in the high WMR group. In ROC analysis, cut-off values of in-hospital and follow-up MACEs were >1064 (sensitivity: 83.12%, and specificity: 36.29%) and >1130 (sensitivity: 69.15%, and specificity: 44.91%), respectively. The Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the high WMR group had the significantly lowest MACE-free survival rate (log-rank test, p = 0.006). A moderate correlation was observed between WMR and RSS (r: 456, p = 0.002). Conclusion: A higher WMR value on admission was associated with worse outcomes in patients with P-PCI and independently predicted for follow-up MACEs. The WMR provides both a rapid and an easily obtainable parameter to identify reliably high-risk patients who underwent primary percutaneous coronary intervention due to STEMI.


Assuntos
Plaquetas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Leucócitos , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237579, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810196

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Patients with CAD have substantial residual risk of mortality, and whether hitherto unknown small-molecule metabolites and metabolic pathways contribute to this risk is unclear. We sought to determine the predictive value of plasma metabolomic profiling in patients with CAD. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Untargeted high-resolution plasma metabolomic profiling of subjects undergoing coronary angiography was performed using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry. Metabolic features and pathways associated with mortality were identified in 454 subjects using metabolome-wide association studies and Mummichog, respectively, and validated in 322 subjects. A metabolomic risk score comprising of log-transformed HR estimates of metabolites that associated with mortality and passed LASSO regression was created and its performance validated. In 776 subjects (66.8 years, 64% male, 17% Black), 433 and 357 features associated with mortality (FDR-adjusted q<0.20); and clustered into 21 and 9 metabolic pathways in first and second cohorts, respectively. Six pathways (urea cycle/amino group, tryptophan, aspartate/asparagine, lysine, tyrosine, and carnitine shuttle) were common. A metabolomic risk score comprising of 7 metabolites independently predicted mortality in the second cohort (HR per 1-unit increase 2.14, 95%CI 1.62, 2.83). Adding the score to a model of clinical predictors improved risk discrimination (delta C-statistic 0.039, 95%CI -0.006, 0.086; and Integrated Discrimination Index 0.084, 95%CI 0.030, 0.151) and reclassification (continuous Net Reclassification Index 23.3%, 95%CI 7.9%, 38.2%). CONCLUSIONS: Differential regulation of six metabolic pathways involved in myocardial energetics and systemic inflammation is independently associated with mortality in patients with CAD. A novel risk score consisting of representative metabolites is highly predictive of mortality.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Metaboloma/fisiologia , Metabolômica/métodos , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Análise Química do Sangue/métodos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco
3.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237024, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764787

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thrombin, a key enzyme of the clotting system, is involved in thrombus formation, platelet activation, and atherosclerosis, thereby possessing a central role in the pathogenesis of ischemic heart disease. Studies have shown an association between thrombin generation (TG) and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but results have been equivocal. Our aim was to study the predictive ability of TG assay in evaluating coronary stenosis severity. METHODS: In this prospective study we recruited patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) or acute chest pain (without evidence of myocardial injury) planned for coronary angiography. Thrombin generation was evaluated by Calibrated Automated Thrombogram (CAT) prior to angiography. Primary end points were significant coronary stenosis and the Syntax I score evaluated by coronary angiography. RESULTS: From April 2018 through September 2019, we recruited 128 patients. In the primary analysis there was no significant association between TG and significant coronary stenosis nor between TG and syntax I score, however, there was a positive correlation between peak height and troponin peak (Spearman correlation coefficient 0.194, P-value = 0.035). In sub-group analysis, the chest pain group bare no association between TG and coronary stenosis. In unstable angina group there was an association between peak height and significant coronary stenosis (P-value = 0.029), and in non ST-elevation myocardial infarction group, TG values possessed a relatively good predictive ability of significant coronary stenosis (area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of ~65%) and a positive correlation between both lag time and ttpeak with the syntax I score was noticed (Spearman correlation coefficient 0.31, P-value = 0.099 and Spearman correlation coefficient 0.37, P-value = 0.045 respectively). CONCLUSION: In patients with acute chest pain, TG values, evaluated by CAT, do not predict severity of coronary stenosis, nor do they possess prognostic value. Yet, in ACS patients, TG may have the ability to predict coronary disease severity.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Trombina/biossíntese , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Idoso , Angina Instável/sangue , Angina Instável/diagnóstico por imagem , Biomarcadores/sangue , Dor no Peito/sangue , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/sangue , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico por imagem , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237074, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790694

RESUMO

Androgen dependent tissue factor pathway inhibitor regulating protein (ADTRP) is a novel protein associated with coronary artery disease (CAD) susceptibility, and reduced mRNA expression of ADTRP was shown to be associated with increased CAD risk. This study aimed to determine and compare circulating ADTRP levels between CAD patients and controls, and to test the performance of plasma ADTRP as a biomarker for CAD. We measured plasma ADTRP, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), interleukin-6 (IL-6) and high sensitivity-C reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels in 362 CAD patients, 150 angiographically negative CAD controls, and 83 healthy adults with no known clinical or medical conditions using commercial ELISA. Statistical analyses were performed using receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves, quantile regression and logistic regression, with adjustments for age, gender, ethnicity and BMI. CAD patients had significantly lower plasma ADTRP levels 1,545 (1,087-2,408) pg/ml as compared to CAD controls 2,259 (1,533-3,778) pg/ml and healthy adults 3,904 (2,732-5,463) pg/ml. Plasma ADTRP outperformed the other three inflammatory biomarkers (TNF-α, IL-6 and hs-CRP) for CAD (Area under ROC curve: 0.67, Odds ratio (OR): 0.907). Our study has shown for the first time that ADTRP is present in circulation, and that plasma ADTRP may be a novel independent biomarker for CAD.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Proteínas de Membrana/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Interleucina-6/sangue , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Fatores de Risco , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0234539, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756554

RESUMO

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) accelerates coronary artery disease (CAD) and atherosclerosis, the causes of most heart attacks. The biomolecules involved in these inter-related disease processes are not well understood. This study analyzes biomolecules in the sera of patients with CAD, with and without type (T) 2DM, who are about to undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. The goal is to develop methodology to help identify and monitor CAD patients with and without T2DM, in order to better understand these phenotypes and to glean relationships through analysis of serum biomolecules. Aorta, fat, muscle, and vein tissues from CAD T2DM patients display diabetic-related histologic changes (e.g., lipid accumulation, fibrosis, loss of cellularity) when compared to non-diabetic CAD patients. The patient discriminatory methodology utilized is serum biomolecule mass profiling. This mass spectrometry (MS) approach is able to distinguish the sera of a group of CAD patients from controls (p value 10-15), with the CAD group containing both T2DM and non-diabetic patients. This result indicates the T2DM phenotype does not interfere appreciably with the CAD determination versus control individuals. Sera from a group of T2DM CAD patients however are distinguishable from non-T2DM CAD patients (p value 10-8), indicating it may be possible to examine the T2DM phenotype within the CAD disease state with this MS methodology. The same serum samples used in the CAD T2DM versus non-T2DM binary group comparison were subjected to MS/MS peptide structure analysis to help identify potential biochemical and phenotypic changes associated with CAD and T2DM. Such peptide/protein identifications could lead to improved understanding of underlying mechanisms, additional biomarkers for discriminating and monitoring these disease conditions, and potential therapeutic targets. Bioinformatics/systems biology analysis of the peptide/protein changes associated with CAD and T2DM suggested cell pathways/systems affected include atherosclerosis, DM, fibrosis, lipogenesis, loss of cellularity (apoptosis), and inflammation.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Angiopatias Diabéticas/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteínas Sanguíneas/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Estudos Transversais , Angiopatias Diabéticas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espectrometria de Massas por Ionização por Electrospray , Biologia de Sistemas , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21407, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a clinically common coronary heart disease. Vitamin D might be beneficial in CAD patients through its favorable effects on inflammation biomarkers. This study will be performed to examine the effects of Vitamin D supplementation on inflammatory markers in CAD patients. METHODS: We will search the electronical databases and hand-searching journals or reference lists. The study screening and data extraction will be carried out by 2 investigators independently. The primary outcome is inflammatory biomarkers of peripheral blood. Secondary outcomes are triglyceride, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and blood pressure. Review Manager (RevMan, version 5.3; The Nordic Cochrane Centre, Copenhagen, Denmark: http://community.cochrane.org) V.5.3 software will be used to compute the data. RESULTS: The results of the study will provide a reliable evidence to assess the efficacy of Vitamin D supplement on inflammation biomarkers of CAD patients. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of our systematic review will answer whether Vitamin D is an effective intervention to relieve inflammation of CAD patients. ETHICS: Because all of the data used in this review has been published, this review does not require ethical approval. REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202060072.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Vitamina D/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos
7.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(9): 1678-1684, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32716219

RESUMO

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the main cause of death worldwide. Atherosclerosis, the leading underlying cause of CAD, is a progressive inflammatory disease. miRNAs play a substantial role in inflammation. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) gene expression of IP10 and miRNA 296-a and serum levels of IP10 and serum inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL-6) in CAD patients and controls. This is a case-control study conducted on 82 angiography confirmed CAD patients and 82 controls. PBMC expressions of miR-296a and IP10 were evaluated by real-time method, and serum concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the study population. A significant increase was found for serum IP10, IL-6, and TNF-α levels, and PBMC expression of IP10 and miRNA 296-a genes expression of CAD as comparison with controls. No significant correlation was found between IP10 gene expression and miRNA 296-a. A significant positive correlation was found between PBMC gene expression level of IP10 and serum concentrations of IP10 and cytokines IL-6 and TNF-α levels. Taking together, in PBMC of CAD patients, the IP10 and 296-a miRNA genes expression levels were increased significantly than controls. IP10, IL-6, and TNF-α levels in CAD patients were more than those in controls significantly. Concerning positive relationship between miRNA 296-a gene expression level and serum concentrations of IL-6 and TNF-α in CAD patients, it is proposed that IL-6 and TNF-α inhibitor could be the main targets of miRNA 296a and, thereby the IL-6 and TNF-α levels were increased; however, further study is needed.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , MicroRNAs/sangue , Receptores de Citocinas/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/metabolismo , Receptores de Citocinas/genética , Receptores de Citocinas/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
8.
Intern Med ; 59(14): 1705-1710, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669515

RESUMO

Objective Lipoprotein (a), or Lp (a), has been shown to be associated with the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in populations of various ethnicities. This study aimed to investigate the association between serum Lp (a) and CKD in Japanese patients. Methods A total of 6,130 subjects who underwent a serum Lp (a) level assessment for any reason (e.g. any type of surgery requiring prolonged bed rest or risk factors for atherosclerosis, such as hypertension or diabetes) were retrospectively investigated at Kanazawa University Hospital from April 2004 to March 2014. Of these, 1,895 subjects were excluded because of the lack of clinical data. Subjects were assessed for Lp (a), low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, triglycerides, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, body mass index (BMI), coronary artery disease (CAD), and CKD (stage ≥3). Results When the study subjects were divided into quartiles of Lp (a) levels, significant trends were observed with regard to the presence of CKD (p = 2.7×10-13). A multiple regression analysis showed that Lp (a) was significantly associated with CKD [odds ratio (OR), 1.12; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08-1.17; p = 1.3×10-7, per 10 mg/dL], independent of other classical risk factors, including age, gender, BMI, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, LDL cholesterol, and triglycerides. Under these conditions, Lp (a) was significantly associated with CAD (OR = 1.11, 95% CI = 1.06-1.16; p = 1.7×10-6, per 10 mg/dL), independent of other risk factors. Conclusion Serum Lp (a) was associated with CKD, independent of other classical risk factors in a Japanese population.


Assuntos
Hiperlipidemias/complicações , Lipoproteína(a)/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/complicações , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Curva ROC , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Triglicerídeos/sangue
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 28-34, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650921

RESUMO

Involvement of atherosclerosis in extracardiac vascular territories may identify coronary artery disease (CAD) patients at higher risk for adverse events. We investigated the long-term prognostic implications of polyvascular disease in patients with CAD, and further analyzed lipid goal attainment and its relation to patient outcomes. The study was a retrospective analysis of 10,297 patients who underwent coronary revascularization, categorized as having CAD alone (83.1%) or with multisite artery disease (MSAD) (16.9%) including cerebrovascular disease (CBVD) and/or peripheral artery disease (PAD). Incidence rates and hazard ratios (HR) for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or all-cause death) according to vascular territories involved, and in relation to most-recent lipid levels attained, were analyzed. Patients with MSAD were older with higher burden of co-morbidities. The rate of MACE (myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or all-cause death) and its individual components increased with the number of affected vascular beds. Adjusted HR (95% confidence interval) for MACE was 1.41 (1.24 to 1.59) in patients with CAD and CBVD, 1.46 (1.33 to 1.62) in CAD and PAD, and 1.69 (1.49 to 1.92) in those with CAD and CBVD and PAD, compared with CAD alone. Most-recent low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) levels <55 mg/dl and <70 mg/dl were attained by 21.8% and 44.6% of patients with CAD alone, in comparison to 22.7% and 43.3% in MSAD. Compared with patients with most-recent LDL-C > 100 mg/dl, attaining LDL-C < 70 mg/dl had an adjusted HR for MACE of 0.52 (0.47 to 0.57) in CAD only patients and 0.66 (0.57 to 0.78) in MSAD patients. In conclusion, the presence of CBVD and/or PAD in patients with CAD is associated with higher burden of co-morbidities and progressive increase in long-term MACE. More than half of CAD patients with or without MSAD do not achieve lipid goals, which are associated with a significantly lower risk for adverse events.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Hipercolesterolemia/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica , Doença Arterial Periférica/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angina Instável/epidemiologia , Angina Instável/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/epidemiologia , Causas de Morte , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Comorbidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipercolesterolemia/sangue , Hipercolesterolemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Israel/epidemiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia
10.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 822-830, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684596

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze the expression level and correlation of miR-182-5p and its target gene PAPPA in coronary atherosclerosis (CAD).Real time PCR, ELISA, and Western blotting methods were used to detect the expression levels. Dual-luciferase reporter gene assays were used to analyze the interaction between the 3'-UTR of PAPPA and miR-182-5p.The expression level of miR-182-5p in CAD was significantly lower than that in normal population, while the content of serum PAPPA was significantly increased, and the expression level of miR-182-5p was negatively correlated with the PAPPA content. The expression level of miR-182-5p decreased, while the expression level of PAPPA increased significantly in the ox-LDL treated HA-VSMC cells. Researchers found that PAPPA could promote the activation of IGF signaling pathway in HA-VSMC cells treated by ox-LDL, further activate NF-kB, PI3K/AKT and ERK signaling pathway, and promote cell proliferation. However, miR-182-5p could inhibit the expression of PAPPA, block the activation of IGF signal pathway, and inhibit the proliferation of HA-VSMC cells induced by ox-LDL. miR-182-5p had a targeted action site in the 3'-UTR of PAPPA by bioinformatics prediction. The analysis of luciferase reporter gene further confirmed that miR-182-5p could target the 3'-UTR of PAPPA to inhibit its expression.miR-182-5p demonstrated a protective effect on atherosclerosis and may be a potential therapeutic target for atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , MicroRNAs/sangue , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Proteína Plasmática A Associada à Gravidez/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20924, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629690

RESUMO

Disabled-2 (Dab2) is a clathrin and cargo-binding endocytic adaptor protein that plays a role in cellular trafficking of low-density lipoprotein receptor (LDLR). However, little is known about its involvement in coronary artery disease (CAD). Here, we aimed to investigate the association between Dab2 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and CAD in Chinese Han and Uyghur populations.We performed a case-control study in CAD group that consisted of 621 Han and 346 Uygurs, and the age and gender matched control group consisted of 611 Han and 405 Uygurs. The clinicopathological characteristics of these subjects were analyzed. Genotyping of 4 SNPs (rs1050903, rs2855512, rs11959928, and rs2255280) of the Dab2 gene was performed in all subjects with an improved multiplex ligase detection reaction method.The distribution of the genotype, dominant model (AA vs. AC + CC), as well as allele frequencies of both rs2855512 and rs2255280, was significantly different between CAD patients and control subjects in Han population but not in Uyghur population. AA genotype may be a risk factor for CAD. For Han population, statistical significant correlation between dominant model for both SNPs (AA) and CAD was found after multivariate adjustment. After multivariate adjustment in the Han population, we speculate that rs285512 A allele and rs2255280 A allele may be potentially associated with the onset of coronary heart disease. Individuals with the AA genotype had an OR of 1.44 (95% CI: 1.10-1.88, P = .01, rs2855512) and 1.41 (95% CI: 1.08-1.85, P = .01, rs2255280) for CAD compared with individuals with the AC or CC genotype, respectively.Our data indicates that the AA genotype of rs2855512 and rs2255280 in the Dab2 gene may be a genetic marker of CAD risk in Chinese Han population.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Risco
12.
Life Sci ; 256: 117898, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32522566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Atherosclerosis as a progressive inflammatory disease is the main cause of Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Multiple genetic and environmental factors are involved in susceptibility to atherosclerotic vascular diseases. FOXO1 gene acts as a key molecular proinflammatory transcription factor and the FBOX32 gene as an F-box protein plays pivotal roles in regulation of muscle atrophy and inhibition of the pathologic cardiac hypertrophy. MiR-27a has been reported to contribute to atherosclerosis prevention and the inflammatory processes of atherosclerosis. MicroRNA-23a has been found to promote atherosclerotic plaque progression and vulnerability. Hence, given the importance of these subjects, the present study was carried out to investigate the expression levels of the desired genes. METHODOLOGY: In this case-control study, 82 patients with CAD and 80 healthy controls were investigated. Expression levels of miRNAs -27a and 23a, FOXO1, Sirtuin 1 (SIRT1) in the Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs), serum concentration of IL6 and TNF-α of the studied subjects were evaluated using the real-time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) technique. The correlation between the variables was also investigated. RESULTS: Results of the study demonstrated that expression of FOXO1, IL-6, TNF-α, miR-27a, and miR-23a increased in the PBMCs of the patients with CAD and their expression levels were significantly correlated with the severity of stenosis. A significant decrease was observed in the expression of SIRT1 in the patients with CAD compared to the healthy controls. Furthermore, the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was plotted to find the effectiveness of FOXO1 and miRNA-27a gene expression as a diagnostic marker for CAD. CONCLUSIONS: Findings of the study suggested that miRs-27a and FOXO1 genes have a potential role in the progression of atherosclerosis and mediate the molecular and genetic disturbances of the intracellular communication in the atherosclerosis.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Citocinas/sangue , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Feminino , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20494, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481463

RESUMO

Aims to explore the interaction between serum selenium level and CYP4F2 and CTRP9 gene polymorphisms in the development of coronary artery disease (CAD).A total of 200 cases of CAD were selected from the Central Hospital of Enshi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hubei, China, and 200 healthy subjects cases were served as controls. The polymorphism of CYP4F2 and CTRP9 gene was detected by Sanger sequencing, and the serum selenium level was measured by hydride generation atomic fluorescence spectrometry.The serum selenium level in the CAD group was significantly lower than that in the control group. The risk of CAD was decreased in the patients carrying the AA genotype in CYP4F2 rs3093135, while the frequency of the CC genotype of CTRP9 rs9553238 in CAD patients was higher than that in control subjects. Low serum selenium level and CTRP9 rs9553238 CC genotype play a positive role in the occurrence of CAD.The serum selenium level is negatively correlated with CAD. The polymorphism of the CYP4F2 rs3093135 and CTRP9 rs9553238 was significantly related to the susceptibility of CAD, and there is a synergistic effect between the serum selenium level and the CTRP9 rs9553238 CC genotype, which significantly increases the risk of CAD.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/genética , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Família 4 do Citocromo P450/genética , Selênio/sangue , Peptídeos e Proteínas Associados a Receptores de Fatores de Necrose Tumoral/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
14.
Angiology ; 71(9): 840-846, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32519552

RESUMO

We investigated the relationship between C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) and coronary artery ectasia (CAE). The retrospective study population included 150 patients with isolated CAE, 150 with obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), and 150 with a normal coronary artery angiogram (NCA). The severity of isolated CAE was determined according to the Markis classification. C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio was significantly higher in patients with isolated CAE than in those with obstructive CAD and NCA (10.5 [5.9-30.9], 5.7 [1.8-13.2] and 3.0 [0.9-8.9], respectively). Logistic regression analysis showed that CAR (odds ratio [OR]: 3.054, 95% CI: 1.021-9.165, P = .001), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR; OR: 1.330, 95% CI: 1.025-1.694, P = .044), and monocyte-to-high density cholesterol ratio (MHR; OR: 1.031, 95% CI: 1.009-1.054, P = .006) were independently associated with the presence of isolated CAE. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that CAR (area under the curve [AUC] ± standard error [SE] = 0.838 ± 0.016; P < .001) had a stronger diagnostic value for detecting significant CAE than PLR (AUC ± SE = 0.632 ± 0.023) and MHR (AUC ± SE = 0.726 ± 0.022). C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio had a significantly strong correlation with the severity of isolated CAE (r = 0.536, P < .001). To the best of our knowledge, this study showed for the first time that CAR was significantly associated with CAE presence and severity.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/metabolismo , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Albumina Sérica/metabolismo , Idoso , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Dilatação Patológica , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(22): e20029, 2020 May 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481372

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to explore the potential association between cystatin C (Cys-c) and coronary heart disease (CHD) in hypertensive patients.In this study, circulating levels of Cys-c in 62 essential hypertension (EH) patients, 147 hypertension with coronary heart disease (EH + CHD) patients, and 60 healthy volunteers were investigated using immunoturbidimetry. Then, we analyzed the correlations between Cys-C and other clinical parameters.Serum Cys-C level was significantly higher in the EH and EH + CHD groups than in the control group, and higher in the EH + CHD group than in the EH group. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis showed that the diagnostic value of Cys-C for patients with hypertension combined CHD was 0.871(95% CI: 0.818-0.913). Serum Cys-C level was significantly higher in the double-vessel disease group and multi-vessel disease group than in the single-vessel disease group, and higher in the multi-vessel disease group than in the double-vessel disease group. Urinary albumin and CRP correlated positively with Cys-C, and HDL correlated negatively with Cys-C. Cys-C was an independent risk factor for CHD in hypertensive patients.Our results suggested that circulating Cys-C levels was up-regulated in patients with hypertension and CHD, and had correlation with the severity of coronary artery disease. As one of the important risk factors for CHD, Cys-C can predict the occurrence of CHD in patients with hypertension.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Cistatina C/sangue , Hipertensão/sangue , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Análise de Regressão
17.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(2): 160-165, 2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32428150

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Coronary collateral development (CCD) predicts the severity of coronary heart disease. Hemogram parameters, such as mean platelet volume (MPV), eosinophil, red cell distribution width, and platelet distribution width (PDW), are supposed novel inflammatory markers. We aimed to compare hemogram parameter values in patients presenting with non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) with adequate or inadequate CCD. METHODS: A total of 177 patients with NSTEMI undergoing coronary arteriography were enrolled and divided into two groups based on the development of CCD: one group with adequate CCD (n=88) and the other with impaired CCD (n=89). RESULTS: Baseline demographics and clinical risk factors were similar between the groups. Hemogram parameters were not significantly different between the two groups. However, compared to the inadequate CCD group, the median PDW was significantly higher in the adequate CCD group, 17.6 (1.4) vs. 17.8 (1.6) p=0.004. In a multivariate analysis, PDW (p=0.001, 95% CI for OR: 0.489(0,319-0,750) was found to be significantly different in the adequate CCD group compared to the inadequate CCD group. Pearson's correlation analysis revealed that PDW was significantly correlated with the Rentrop score (r=0.26, p<0.001). CONCLUSIONS: We suggest that since PDW is an index that is inexpensive and easy to assess, it could serve as a marker of CCD in patients with NSTEMI.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/sangue , Infarto do Miocárdio sem Supradesnível do Segmento ST/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Plaquetas , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Volume Plaquetário Médio , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 127: 9-15, 2020 07 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32418719

RESUMO

Recent experimental studies have suggested that galectin-3 has an interaction with aldosterone, and modifies its adverse effects. We therefore aimed to elucidate whether the relationship between plasma aldosterone concentrations (PACs) and long-term fatal cardiovascular (CV) events would depend on plasma galectin-3 levels. A total of 2,457 patients (median age: 63.5 [interquartile range (IQR) = 56.3 to 70.6] years, 30.1% women) from the LUdwigshafen RIsk and Cardiovascular Health study, with a median follow-up of 9.9 (IQR = 8.5 to 10.7) years, were included. We tested the interaction between aldosterone and galectin-3 for CV-mortality using a multivariate Cox proportional hazard model, reporting hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs). Adjustments for multiple CV risk factors as well as medication use were included. Mean PAC was 79.0 (IQR = 48.0 to 124.0) pg/ml and there were 558 (16.8%) CV deaths. There was a significant interaction between PAC and galectin-3 (p = 0.021). When stratifying patients by the median galectin-3, there was a significant association between aldosterone and CV-mortality for those above (HR per 1 standard deviation = 1.14; 95%CI [1.01 to 1.30], p = 0.023), but not below the cut-off value (HR per 1 standard deviation = 1.00; 95%CI [0.87 to 1.15], p = 0.185). In conclusion, the current study demonstrates for the first time a modifying effect of galectin-3 on the association between aldosterone and CV-mortality risk in humans. These findings indicate that galectin-3 is an intermediate between aldosterone and adverse outcomes.


Assuntos
Aldosterona/sangue , Doenças Cardiovasculares/sangue , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Galectina 3/sangue , Medição de Risco/métodos , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Feminino , Seguimentos , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
19.
Am J Clin Nutr ; 112(1): 66-73, 2020 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453399

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are limited data regarding the relation between serum phosphorus concentration (SPC) and subclinical coronary atherosclerosis in the asymptomatic healthy population without kidney dysfunction. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the relation between SPC and characteristics of atherosclerotic plaques and cardiac events according to SPCs using a large cohort of asymptomatic Korean individuals. METHODS: We evaluated 6329 asymptomatic Korean individuals [mean age: 53.6 ± 7.6 y, 4611 men (72.9%)] without kidney dysfunction and coronary artery disease who voluntarily underwent coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) as part of a general health examination. Study participants were stratified into quartiles according to their SPCs (≤3.0, 3.1-3.3, 3.4-3.7, ≥3.8 mg/dL). The degree and extent of subclinical coronary atherosclerosis were evaluated with CCTA. Stenosis of diameter ≥50% was defined as significant. A cardiac event was defined as a composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, unstable angina, and coronary revascularization. RESULTS: After adjustment for cardiovascular disease risk factors, the risk of any atherosclerotic plaque was significantly higher with increasing SPC quartiles (P = 0.001). In particular, the risk of calcified plaque increased in the second (OR: 1.27; 95% CI: 1.07, 1.51; P = 0.006), third (OR: 1.39; 95% CI: 1.17, 1.64; P < 0.001), and fourth SPC quartiles (OR: 1.50; 95% CI: 1.24, 1.82; P < 0.001) compared with that in the first quartile. However, there were no significant differences in the adjusted ORs for noncalcified plaque, mixed plaque, or significant stenosis. During a follow-up of median 5.4 y, there was no significant difference in cardiac events between the SPC quartiles. CONCLUSIONS: In asymptomatic Korean individuals without kidney dysfunction, a high SPC was an independent predictor of calcified plaques without any difference in cardiac events. Further long-term prospective studies are required to validate these results.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Rim/fisiopatologia , Fósforo/sangue , Adulto , Doenças Assintomáticas , Angiografia Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , República da Coreia
20.
Int Heart J ; 61(3): 470-475, 2020 May 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32350212

RESUMO

Cardiovascular events still occur despite statin-based lipid-lowering therapy in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). LR11, a member of the low-density lipoprotein receptor family, is a novel marker for the proliferation of intimal smooth muscle cells, which are critical to atherosclerotic plaque formation. We evaluated the impact of LR11 on long-term clinical outcomes in CAD patients treated with statins after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).This study included 223 consecutive CAD patients (age, 64.5 ± 9.6 years; male, 81.2%) treated with statin after first PCI between March 2003 and December 2004 at our institution. Patients were stratified to two groups according to LR11 levels (median). Composite cardiovascular disease (CVD) endpoints that included cardiovascular death, non-fatal acute coronary syndrome and non-fatal stroke were compared between groups.The rate of CVD endpoints was significantly higher in the high LR11 group (log-rank, P = 0.0029) during the median follow-up period of 2844 days. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that a higher LR11 level was significantly associated with adverse clinical outcomes (adjusted hazard ratio for composite CVD endpoints, 2.47; 95% confidence interval, 1.29-4.92; P = 0.006).Elevated levels of LR11 were significantly associated with long-term clinical outcomes among CAD patients treated with statins after first PCI.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Relacionadas a Receptor de LDL/sangue , Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/sangue , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/etiologia , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/mortalidade , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
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