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2.
Wiad Lek ; 73(8): 1707-1711, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33055338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim: To assess the metabolic by-products of nitric oxide in peripheral blood before and after the medicamentous management in patients suffering from community-acquired pneumonia associated with coronary heart disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: We have examined 102 patients with community-acquired pneumonia aged from 50 to 65 years, of which 58 patients were diagnosed with coronary heart disease (CHD). The complex treatment of patients with coronary heart disease was supplemented by the additional use of tivortin aspartate, which was taken orally with food at the dose of 5 ml (1g) 3 times a day for 15 days. The NO content in blood plasma was assessed by the concentration of the amount of final NO metabolites (NO3 + NO2), identified by means of the photocalorimetric method. RESULTS: Results: The content of (NO3 + NO2) in peripheral blood of patients with CAP was slightly higher (6.83 ± 0.29) µmol/l as compared to the group of apparently healthy individuals (5.19 ± 0.14) µmol/l, while in patients with CAP associated with CHD it has markedly increased to (12.74 ± 1.09) µmol/l. Against the background of administered treatment, the index of (NO3 + NO2) in patients with coronary heart disease has decreased to (5.76 ± 0.33) µmol/l, while in the group of patients who were not given tivortin aspartate additionally, this index has even slightly increased (7.01 ± 0.40) µmol/l. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Marked increase of (NO3 + NO2) levels in blood pointed to destabilization of the course of coronary heart disease with CAP, which was eliminated by the involvement of tivortin aspartate (15 days) to the main course of treatment.


Assuntos
Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas , Doença das Coronárias , Pneumonia , Idoso , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/complicações , Infecções Comunitárias Adquiridas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico , Nitritos , Pneumonia/complicações , Pneumonia/tratamento farmacológico
3.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1194-1200, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913156

RESUMO

Aim: This retrospective analysis aims to evaluate the correlation between blood glucose fluctuation (BGF) and heart rate variability (HRV) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Subjects and Methods: In total, 210 patients with CHD and T2DM from January 2014 to January 2019 admitted to Wenling Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine were enrolled in this study. Based on whether BGF existed, patients were allocated to BG control group and BG fluctuation group. The HRV parameters, frequency of adverse events, and Gensini score between groups were recorded and Pearson analysis was performed. Results: Results displayed that no significant differences in age, gender, body mass index (BMI), systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), alcohol consumption history, drinking history, or serum lipid were found between groups (P > 0.05 for all items). However, the BGF parameters were significantly higher while the HRV parameters were significantly lower in BG fluctuation group, compared with BG control group (P < 0.05 for all items). Pearson analysis showed that despite mean blood glucose (MBG) and mean amplitude of glycemic excursions (MAGE) both correlated with a standard deviation of NN intervals (SDNN) level, the correlation coefficient of MAGE-SDNN was much higher (-0.705 vs -0.185). Additionally, the frequencies of adverse events and Gensini scores were also significantly higher in the BG fluctuation group than the BG control group. Conclusions: It suggests that BGF strongly correlated with HRV in patients with CHD and T2DM. It also provides experimental instructions for clinical practice.


Assuntos
Glicemia/análise , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Glucose/metabolismo , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(8): 573-582, 2020 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32933609

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and peripheral blood CD14 +CD16 + monocytes in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD), and to elucidate the mechanism of pathogenesis in CHD by analyzing the correlation between infection, inflammation, and CHD, to provide a basis for the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of the disease. Methods: In total, 192 patients with CHD were divided into three groups: latent CHD, angina pectoris, and myocardial infarction. HCMV-IgM and -IgG antibodies were assessed using ELISA; CD14 +CD16 + monocytes were counted using a five-type automated hematology analyzer; mononuclear cells were assessed using fluorescence-activated cell sorting; and an automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure the levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterols, lipoprotein, hs-CRp and Hcy. Results: The positive rates of HCMV-IgM and -IgG were significantly higher in the CHD groups than in the control group. HCMV infection affects lipid metabolism to promote immune and inflammatory responses. Conclusion: HCMV infection has a specific correlation with the occurrence and development of CHD. The expression of CD14 +CD16 + mononuclear cells in the CHD group was increased accordingly and correlated with acute HCMV infection. Thus, HCMV antibody as well as peripheral blood CD14 +CD16 + mononuclear cells can be used to monitor the occurrence and development of CHD.


Assuntos
Angina Pectoris/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Citomegalovirus/fisiologia , Inflamação/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Angina Pectoris/virologia , China/epidemiologia , Doença das Coronárias/virologia , Humanos , Incidência , Inflamação/etiologia , Contagem de Leucócitos , Monócitos/metabolismo , Infarto do Miocárdio/virologia
5.
BMJ Open ; 10(9): e038976, 2020 09 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948572

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the risk of pre-existing comorbidities on COVID-19 mortality, and provide clinical suggestions accordingly. SETTING: A nested case-control design using confirmed case reports released from the news or the national/provincial/municipal health commissions of China between 18 December 2019 and 8 March 2020. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection, excluding asymptomatic patients, in mainland China outside of Hubei Province. OUTCOME MEASURES: Patient demographics, survival time and status, and history of comorbidities. METHOD: A total of 94 publicly reported deaths in locations outside of Hubei Province, mainland China, were included as cases. Each case was matched with up to three controls, based on gender and age ±1 year old (94 cases and 181 controls). The inverse probability-weighted Cox proportional hazard model was performed, controlling for age, gender and the early period of the outbreak. RESULTS: Of the 94 cases, the median age was 72.5 years old (IQR=16), and 59.6% were men, while in the control group the median age was 67 years old (IQR=22), and 64.6% were men. Adjusting for age, gender and the early period of the outbreak, poor health conditions were associated with a higher risk of COVID-19 mortality (HR of comorbidity score, 1.31 [95% CI 1.11 to 1.54]; p=0.001). The estimated mortality risk in patients with pre-existing coronary heart disease (CHD) was three times that of those without CHD (p<0.001). The estimated 30-day survival probability for a profile patient with pre-existing CHD (65-year-old woman with no other comorbidities) was 0.53 (95% CI 0.34 to 0.82), while it was 0.85 (95% CI 0.79 to 0.91) for those without CHD. Older age was also associated with increased mortality risk: every 1-year increase in age was associated with a 4% increased risk of mortality (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Extra care and early medical interventions are needed for patients with pre-existing comorbidities, especially CHD.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Bronquite Crônica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Infarto Cerebral/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Humanos , Falência Hepática/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Renal/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
PLoS Med ; 17(9): e1003282, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903262

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is a crucial step in atherosclerosis development, and its severity is determinant for the risk of cardiovascular recurrence. Diet may be an effective strategy to protect the endothelium, although there is no consensus about the best dietary model. The CORonary Diet Intervention with Olive oil and cardiovascular PREVention (CORDIOPREV) study is an ongoing prospective, randomized, single-blind, controlled trial in 1,002 coronary heart disease (CHD) patients, whose primary objective is to compare the effect of 2 healthy dietary patterns (low-fat versus Mediterranean diet) on the incidence of cardiovascular events. Here, we report the results of one secondary outcome of the CORDIOPREV study: to evaluate the effect of these diets on endothelial function, assessed by flow-mediated dilation (FMD) of the brachial artery. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From the total participants taking part in the CORDIOPREV study, 805 completed endothelial function study at baseline and were randomized to follow a Mediterranean diet (35% fat, 22% monounsaturated fatty acids [MUFAs], and <50% carbohydrates) or a low-fat diet (28% fat, 12% MUFAs, and >55% carbohydrates), with endothelial function measurement repeated after 1 year. As secondary objectives and to explore different underlying mechanisms in the modulation of endothelial function, we quantified endothelial microparticles (EMPs) and endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and evaluated, in 24 preselected patients, in vitro cellular processes related to endothelial damage (reactive oxygen species, apoptosis, and senescence) and endothelial repair (cell proliferation and angiogenesis), as well as other modulators (micro-RNAs [miRNAs] and proteins). Patients who followed the Mediterranean diet had higher FMD (3.83%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.91-4.23) compared with those in the low-fat diet (1.16%; 95% CI: 0.80 to 1.98) with a difference between diets of 2.63% (95% CI: 1.89-3.40, p = 0.011), even in those patients with severe endothelial dysfunction. We observed higher EPC levels (group difference: 1.64%; 95% CI: 0.79-2.13, p = 0.028) and lower EMPs (group difference: -755 EMPs/µl; 95% CI: -1,010 to -567, p = 0.015) after the Mediterranean diet compared with the low-fat diet in all patients. We also observed lower intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production (group difference: 11.1; 95% CI: 2.5 to 19.6, p = 0.010), cellular apoptosis (group difference: -20.2; 95% CI: -26.7 to -5.11, p = 0.013) and senescence (18.0; 95% CI: 3.57 to 25.1, p = 0.031), and higher cellular proliferation (group difference: 11.3; 95% CI: 4.51 to 13.5, p = 0.011) and angiogenesis (total master segments length, group difference: 549; 95% CI: 110 to 670, p = 0.022) after the Mediterranean diet than the low-fat diet. Each dietary intervention was associated with distinct changes in the epigenetic and proteomic factors that modulate biological process associated with endothelial dysfunction. The evaluation of endothelial function is a substudy of the CORDIOPREV study. As in any substudy, these results should be treated with caution, such as the potential for false positives because of the exploratory nature of the analyses. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest that the Mediterranean diet better modulates endothelial function compared with a low-fat diet and is associated with a better balance of vascular homeostasis in CHD patients, even in those with severe endothelial dysfunction. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL, http://www.cordioprev.es/index.php/en. clinicaltrials.gov number NCT00924937.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/dietoterapia , Endotélio/metabolismo , Idoso , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Dieta com Restrição de Gorduras , Dieta Mediterrânea , Gorduras na Dieta , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Azeite de Oliva , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteômica , Método Simples-Cego
7.
N Z Med J ; 133(1522): 128-132, 2020 09 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32994622

RESUMO

Myocardial infarction with non-obstructive coronary arteries (MINOCA) is an increasingly recognised condition and it accounts for approximately 10% of all cases of MI. Despite the absence of obstructive coronary artery disease, patients with MINOCA are at increased risk of morbidity and mortality compared to the general population. While many well recognised conditions can present as MINOCA, it can be difficult to reach a final diagnosis with certainty due to the relative infrequency of these conditions in the general population and the lack of diagnostic gold-standard tests. The most common causes of MINOCA are myocarditis, coronary vasospasm, coronary plaque disruption and coronary thrombus or embolism. These can be assessed by way of cardiac magnetic resonance imaging, intra-coronary imaging modalities and clinically relevant diagnostic blood tests, respectively. There are less common and rarer aetiologies which should be considered in the absence of an apparent cause, each with a unique diagnostic standard. By following a systematic approach of diagnostic tests, an underlying cause of MINOCA can be found in the majority of cases, allowing a directed management strategy to be pursued.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Infarto do Miocárdio , Algoritmos , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/fisiopatologia , Diagnóstico por Computador , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21991, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899044

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the clinical efficacy and safety of Zhibitai, as a kind of natural lipid-lowering Chinese medicine, in treating coronary heart disease patients with hyperlipemia METHODS: : A systematic literature search for articles up to July 2020 will be performed in following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific Journals Database Database, Chinese Biomedical Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Service System, and Wanfang Database. Inclusion criteria are randomized controlled trials of Zhibitai applied on coronary heart disease patients with hyperlipemia. The primary outcome measures will be serum lipid levels (including total cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) and acute cardiovascular events. The secondary outcome measures will be inflammatory factors (high sensitive C-reactive protein, interleukin-6, etc), safety index (liver function, renal function, etc), and adverse events. RevMan 5.3 software will be used for data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, meta-regression, subgroup analysis, and risk of bias assessment. A funnel plot will be developed to evaluate reporting bias and Egger tests will be used to assess funnel plot symmetries. We will use the grading of recommendations assessment, development, and evaluation system to assess the quality of evidence.Trial registration number PROSPERO CRD42018103341.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Hiperlipidemias/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Humanos , Hiperlipidemias/complicações , Metanálise como Assunto , Fitoterapia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto
9.
Rev. Soc. Argent. Diabetes ; 54(supl. 2): 91-106, mayo - ago. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1122959

RESUMO

Desde que el estudio Framingham en 1974 reportó un aumento de dos a cinco veces en el riesgo de desarrollar insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) en pacientes con diabetes mellitus (DM), otros estudios observacionales confirmaron esta asociación que ha tomado gran visibilidad en los últimos años a partir de los resultados de los estudios de seguridad cardiovascular de las drogas antidiabéticas. La IC se define como un síndrome clínico que resulta del deterioro funcional o estructural del llenado ventricular o la eyección de sangre. Puede clasificarse según la fracción de eyección, la presencia de síntomas y la limitación de la actividad física. Existen distintos factores asociados a la IC en personas con DM como la edad, la antigüedad de la enfermedad, la utilización de insulina, la enfermedad coronaria, la hipertensión arterial, la enfermedad arterial periférica, el aumento de creatinina, el escaso control glucémico, la albuminuria y la obesidad. A su vez la IC se asocia a insulinorresistencia y a estados disglucémicos que se consideran de riesgo para el desarrollo de DM. En la fisiopatología están implicados el sistema nervioso simpático, el sistema renina angiotensina aldosterona, los péptidos natriuréticos, alteraciones renales, remodelación del ventrículo izquierdo, miocardiopatía diabética, neuropatía autonómica cardíaca y la inflamación. El diagnóstico de IC es clínico; los estudios complementarios orientan en el diagnóstico etiológico y son útiles en el seguimiento. El buen control glucémico es importante pero no suficiente para reducir el desarrollo de IC. Se ha descripto que algunos antidiabéticos podrían incrementar el riesgo de falla cardíaca y, por el contrario, otros tendrían un efecto beneficioso. El tratamiento de la IC no difiere de una persona sin DM. Dado que el pronóstico de la IC en los pacientes con DM es más severo, los esfuerzos deben centrarse en prevenir, diagnosticar y tratar los factores de riesgo cardiovascular para reducir el desarrollo de IC.


Since the Framingham study in 1974 reported a 2 to 5 fold increase in the risk of developing heart failure (HF) in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM), other observational studies confirmed this association that has gained great visibility in recent years from of the results of cardiovascular safety studies of antidiabetic drugs. HF is defined as a clinical syndrome that results from functional or structural deterioration of ventricular filling or blood ejection. It can be classified according to the ejection fraction, the presence of symptoms and the limitation to physical activity. There are different factors associated with HF in people with DM such as age, duration of the disease, insulin use, coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, peripheral arterial disease, increased creatinine, poor glycemic control, albuminuria and obesity. In turn, HF is associated with insulin resistance and dysglycemic states that are considered of risk for the development of DM. Pathophysiology involves the sympathetic nervous system, the renin angiotensin aldosterone system, natriuretic peptides, kidney abnormalities, left ventricular remodeling, diabetic cardiomyopathy, autonomic cardiac neuropathy, and inflammation. The diagnosis of HF is clinical, complementary studies guide the etiological diagnosis and are useful for follow-up. Good glycemic control is important but not sufficient to reduce the development of HF. It has been described that some antidiabetics could increase the risk of heart failure, while others would have a beneficial effect. The treatment of HF does not differ from a person without DM. Since the prognosis of HF in patients with DM is more severe, efforts should be focused on preventing, diagnosing and treating cardiovascular risk factors, to reduce the development of HF


Assuntos
Humanos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Terapêutica , Doença das Coronárias , Cardiomiopatias Diabéticas , Insuficiência Cardíaca
10.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 24(14): 7855-7860, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32744713

RESUMO

We present the case details of seven patients diagnosed with severe novel coronavirus disease 2019 (2019-nCoV, hereafter COVID-19) with hepatic injury. Most of these patients were elderly and had hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary heart disease, and other underlying health conditions prior to admission for COVID-19. Liver injury occurred in all seven cases during the course of the disease. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels initially increased (1.2-times to 2.0-times the normal value, respectively) in the second week. The liver function recovered in all patients within one week of conventional liver protection treatment. Elevated serum transaminase levels in these patients were due to the COVID-19 infection but could also be related to systemic immune response caused by cytokine storm syndrome (CSS) and hepatocyte damage caused by ischemia and hypoxia. COVID-19 is highly infectious and mainly affects the lungs. In some cases, especially in patients with severe disease type, COVID-19 may also cause liver injury. The liver function of patients with severe COVID-19 should be very carefully monitored, especially if the patients are elderly and have underlying comorbidities.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Hepatopatias/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Idoso , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hepatopatias/etiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21390, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756130

RESUMO

Prior evidence suggested that inflammation and inflammatory cytokines polymorphisms might be essential in the development of coronary heart disease (CHD) and cognitive decline. The following study investigated the associations between interleukin-35 (IL-35) polymorphisms and cognitive decline in CHD patients over a 2-year period.CHD patients were enrolled between January 2015 and January 2016. Cognitive function, including memory, orientation, verbal and attention were assessed using Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status-Modified (TICS-m) during a 2-year follow-up. Genotypes of the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs2243115, rs568408, rs582054, rs583911, rs428253, rs4740 and rs393581 of IL-35 were examined by MassArray (Sequenom). The differences of TICS-m score between 2-year interval were used to estimate the cognitive decline; linear regression model was used to analyze the association between IL-35 polymorphisms and cognitive decline in CHD patients after a 2-year follow-up.The mean age of study individuals was 60.58 (±7.86) years old. There were 255 (68.5%) males and 117 (31.5%) female patients. The TICS-m scores, including overall cognition score, verbal attention and memory scores gradually decreased over a 2 year follow up period (P < .001, respectively), whereas there was no difference in orientation function score between the 1-year and 2-year follow-up (P = .448). Furthermore, after adjusting for age, sex, history of hypertension(HT) and Diabetes mellitus(DM), smoking, education, Therapy regimen (PCI, CABG, medication) left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and the severity of coronary artery stenosis (Gensini score), no association was found between IL-35 rs2243115, rs568408, rs582054, rs583911, rs428253, rs4740 genotypes and cognitive decline in CHD patients over a 2-year period.Our data reveled that IL-35 polymorphisms was not associated with cognitive decline in CHD patients over a 2-year period. Yet, further studies are needed to confirm the role of cytokine gene polymorphisms in cognitive decline among CHD patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Interleucinas/sangue , Idoso , Disfunção Cognitiva/complicações , Doença das Coronárias/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Estudos Retrospectivos
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(31): e21485, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32756176

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Exercise intolerance is very common in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD). Although some researches confirming the validation of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on CHD treatment, the effect of TCM on improving the exercise tolerance of patients with CHD remains unclear so far. Our trial is to investigate whether the Yangxinshi (YXS) tablet can improve exercise tolerance as well as the quality of life among CHD patients. METHODS: It is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center trial. A total of 90 patients with CHD from 3 hospitals in China will be enrolled and randomly assigned to one of 2 groups: YXS group, N = 45; placebo group, N = 45. The 2 groups will simultaneously receive standardized western medicine and exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program for 12 weeks. The primary outcome measure is the exercise capacity, which will be evaluated by the cardiopulmonary exercise test and 6-minute walking test. The 2nd outcomes include symptom improvement, psychologic issues, laboratory tests, side effects, and adverse events. DISCUSSION: To our knowledge, it is the 1st randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effect of TCM YXS tablet on exercise tolerance in patients with CHD. The results will provide more evidence for future studies in this area. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5752).


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Tolerância ao Exercício/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , China , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Teste de Esforço , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Teste de Caminhada
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21589, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769912

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Guipi Decoction (GPD) is a classical traditional Chinese medication used to treat CHD. However, systematic review and meta-analysis regarding its efficacy and safety has not been systematically evaluated. The objective of this protocol is to determine the efficacy and safety of GPD in the treatment of CHD. METHODS: Randomized controlled trials evaluating the effectiveness and safety of GPD in the treatment of CHD will be retrieved from 8 electronic databases, including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, Web of science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure Database, VIP Database, Wanfang Database and China Biology Medicine Database. Study selection, data collection, risk of bias assessment, and evaluation of the quality of evidence will be performed in order. Data will be analyzed by RevMan V.5.3.5 software. RESULTS: This study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of GPD in the treatment of CHD. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide evidence for determining whether or not GPD is an effective and safe intervention for CHD. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD 42020156420.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/normas , Humanos , Metanálise como Assunto , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(2): 197-204, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32796784

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elderly patients with coronary heart disease often suffer adverse psychological reactions, such as anxiety and depression. The dual-track interactive nursing model is a nursing intervention aimed to provide specific and community nursing. For patients with chronic diseases, this model can improve the patients' self-management and rehabilitation. The effect of this model on the mental health of patients with chronic diseases has been unanimously recognized by researchers. In this study, a dual-track interactive nursing model intervention was conducted on the anxiety and depression in elderly patients with coronary heart disease to verify the psychological effect of the model. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: From June 2018 to June 2019, 136 elderly patients with coronary heart disease (mean age of 63.5±8.26 years) from three communities in Changsha, Hunan Province, China were selected as subjects. A total of 53 and 50 patients were identified in the intervention and the control groups, respectively. The control group underwent routine longitudinal referral, whereas the intervention group was subjected to a two-track interactive nursing model intervention. The Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36) and related questionnaires were used to monitor and compare the two groups before and after the intervention and employed for scoring and comparative analysis. RESULTS: After the intervention, the mental health scores of the intervention group in total score, somatization, obsessive-compulsive symptoms, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, hostility, and paranoia are significantly lower than those of the control group (P<0.05). The intervention group has scored significantly higher in coping style but significantly lower in negative coping than the control group (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The application of the dual-track interactive nursing model intervention in the management of patients with coronary heart disease can improve the self-management and the mental health of patients with coronary heart disease.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade , Doença das Coronárias , Depressão , Idoso , Ansiedade , China , Doença das Coronárias/psicologia , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
15.
Probl Sotsialnoi Gig Zdravookhranenniiai Istor Med ; 28(Special Issue): 857-862, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856838

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze quality-of-life parameters in patients with coronary heart disease in Chelyabinsk region. The number of patients with coronary heart disease who took part in this research was 830 people. The data were collected with using of application form that was supplemented by the Russian-language questionnaire SF-36. We determined the medical and social characteristics, the assessment of the conditions and lifestyle of patients with coronary heart disease, and the subjective assessment of the quality of life by themselves. We have been revealed statistically significant differences in assessing the quality of life by patients of different territorial groups. The data should be differentially use in developing of regional and territorial programs in order to reduce mortality from coronary heart disease.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias , Isquemia Miocárdica , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 16: 257-270, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32753874

RESUMO

Purpose: Our study aimed at determining and comparing the mechanism of cardiovascular protection variables in moderate-intensity continuous training (MICT) and high-intensity interval training (HIIT) in patients with stable coronary heart disease (CHD) after coronary stenting. Participants and Methods: This experimental study used the same subject and cross-over design, involving eleven stable CHD patients after coronary stenting. These were randomly divided into two groups; MICT for 29 minutes at 50-60% heart rate reserve and HIIT with 4x4 minute intervals at 60-80% heart rate reserve, each followed by three minutes of active recovery at 40-50% heart rate reserve. These were conducted three times a week for two weeks. The participants' levels of adrenaline, noradrenaline, endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS), extracellular superoxide dismutase (EC-SOD) activity assayed, and flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) were examined before and after treatments were completed. Results: The HIIT significantly increased the levels of noradrenaline and eNOS compared with MICT (p<0.05). Also, HIIT was better in maintaining EC-SOD activity and FMD compared with MICT (p<0.05). Through the noradrenalin pathway, HIIT had a direct and significant effect on eNOS and FMD (p<0.05) but MICT, through the noradrenaline pathways, had a direct and significant effect on eNOS (p<0.05), and through the EC-SOD activity pathways had a direct and significant effect on FMD (p<0.05). MICT reduced EC-SOD activity and also decreased the FMD value. Conclusion: HIIT is superior to MICT in increasing cardiovascular protection by increasing the concentrations of noradrenalin and eNOS, maintaining EC-SOD activity, and FMD in stable CHD patients after coronary stenting.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/terapia , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/instrumentação , Stents , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/sangue , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença das Coronárias/fisiopatologia , Estudos Cross-Over , Epinefrina/sangue , Tolerância ao Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Indonésia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/sangue , Norepinefrina/sangue , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Superóxido Dismutase/sangue , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Am Heart J ; 228: 17-26, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Secondary preventive therapies play a key role in the prevention of adverse events after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, adherence to secondary preventive drugs after CABG is often poor. With the increasing penetration of smartphones, health-related smartphone applications might provide an opportunity to improve medication adherence. We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of using a smartphone-based application to improve medication adherence in patients after CABG. METHODS: The Measurement and Improvement Studies of Surgical coronary revascularizatION: medication adherence (MISSION-2) study is a multicenter randomized controlled trial that planned to enroll over 1000 patients who underwent isolated CABG at one of four large teaching hospitals in China; all enrolled participants had access to a smartphone and were able to operate at least three smartphone applications. The investigators randomly assigned the participants to one of two groups: (1) the intervention group with an advanced smartphone application for 6 months which was designed specifically for this trial and did not exist before. Participants could receive medication reminders and cardiac health education by the smartphone application or (2) the control group with usual care. The primary outcome was CABG secondary preventive medication adherence as measured by the translated Chinese version of the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8) at 6 months after randomization. The secondary outcomes were mortality, major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), cardiovascular rehospitalization, self-reported secondary preventive medication use after 6 months of follow-up, blood pressure (BP), body mass index (BMI), and self-reported smoking status. All analyses were conducted using the intention-to-treat principle. RESULTS: A total of 1000 patients (mean age, 57.28 [SD, 9.09] years; 85.5% male) with coronary heart disease after CABG were enrolled between September 2015 and September 2016 and were randomly assigned to the intervention (n = 501) or control group (n = 499). At 6 months, the proportion of low-adherence participants, categorized by MMAS-8 scores, was 11.8% in the intervention group and 11.7% in the control group (RR = 1.005, 95% CI 0.682 to 1.480, P = 1.000). Similar results were found in sensitivity analyses that considered participants who withdrew from the study, or were lost to follow-up as nonadherent. There were no significant differences in the secondary clinical outcome measures, and there were no significant differences in the primary outcome across the subgroups tested. In the intervention group, the proportion of participants who used and operated the application during the first month after CABG was 88.1%; however, the use rate decreased sharply from 42.5% in the second month to 9.2% by the end of the study (6 months). CONCLUSIONS: A smartphone-based application supporting secondary prevention among patients after CABG did not lead to a greater adherence to secondary preventive medications. The limited room for improvement in medication adherence and the low participants' engagement with the smartphone applications might account for these non-significant outcomes.


Assuntos
Fármacos Cardiovasculares/uso terapêutico , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Doença das Coronárias , Educação em Saúde/métodos , Adesão à Medicação/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Smartphone , Software , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença das Coronárias/tratamento farmacológico , Doença das Coronárias/psicologia , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Sistemas de Alerta/instrumentação , Prevenção Secundária/métodos
18.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236951, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32790754

RESUMO

AIMS: Immune endothelial inflammation, underlying coronary heart disease (CHD) related phenotypes, could provide new insight into the pathobiology of the disease. We investigated DNA methylation level of the unique CpG island of HLA-G gene in CHD patients and evaluated the correlation with cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) features. METHODS: Thirty-two patients that underwent CCTA for suspected CHD were enrolled for this study. Obstructive CHD group included fourteen patients, in which there was a stenosis greater than or equal to 50% in one or more of the major coronary arteries detected; whereas subjects with Calcium (Ca) Score = 0, uninjured coronaries and with no obstructive CHD (no critical stenosis, NCS) were considered as control subjects (n = 18). For both groups, DNA methylation profile of the whole 5'UTR-CpG island of HLA-G was measured. The plasma soluble HLA-G (sHLA-G) levels were detected in all subjects by specific ELISA assay. Statistical analysis was performed using R software. RESULTS: For the first time, our study reported that 1) a significant hypomethylation characterized three specific fragments (B, C and F) of the 5'UTR-CpG island (p = 0.05) of HLA-G gene in CHD patients compared to control group; 2) the hypomethylation level of one specific fragment of 161bp (+616/+777) positively correlated with coronary Ca score, a relevant parameter of CCTA (p<0.05) between two groups evaluated and was predictive for disease severity. CONCLUSIONS: Reduced levels of circulating HLA-G molecules could derive from epigenetic marks. Epigenetics phenomena induce hypomethylation of specific regions into 5'UTR-CpG island of HLA-G gene in CHD patients with obstructive non critical stenosis vs coronary stenosis individuals.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/genética , Doença das Coronárias/imunologia , Metilação de DNA , Antígenos HLA-G/genética , Regiões 5' não Traduzidas , Adulto , Idoso , Cálcio/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Doença das Coronárias/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose Coronária/genética , Estenose Coronária/imunologia , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/imunologia , Vasos Coronários/metabolismo , Ilhas de CpG , Epigênese Genética , Feminino , Antígenos HLA-G/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Placa Aterosclerótica/diagnóstico por imagem
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(27): e20783, 2020 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32629660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To systematically review the effects of Danhong injection on endothelial function and inflammatory factors after the percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for coronary heart disease (CHD) and to provide a basis for further research. METHODS: Through computer retrieval, including PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wan Fang Data, VIP, SinoMed were retrieved on a computer. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on the effects of Danhong injection on endothelial function and inflammatory factors after PCI for CHD were collected in strict accordance with the pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria. Chinese and English literatures in published from the establishment of each database to December 1, 2019, were retrieved by combining subject headings and free terms. Literatures were screened out by 2 researchers independently, and the risk of bias was assessed by 2 independent researchers by using the assessment tool for risk of bias as described Cochrane systematic reviewer's manual 5.1.0. Statistical analysis was performed by using Stata 14.0 software. RESULTS: By collecting the existing evidence, this study would determine the effects of Danhong injection on endothelial function and inflammatory factors after PCI for CHD by meta-analysis. CONCLUSION: Through this study, we will draw a definite conclusion on whether Danhong injection has significant effects on endothelial function and inflammatory factors after PCI for CHD. This conclusion will provide practical and scientific guidance for the use of Danhong injection after PCI for CHD. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: PROSPERO CRD42020165568.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Endotélio Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Terapia Combinada , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/administração & dosagem , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/efeitos adversos , Endotélio Vascular/lesões , Humanos , Inflamação/etiologia , Injeções , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos
20.
Int Heart J ; 61(4): 641-650, 2020 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32684587

RESUMO

A number of studies have showed the relationship between R353Q (rs6046) polymorphism in factor VII gene and coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the results remain controversial due to the limitations of the research objects and small sample size of individual study. We conducted this meta-analysis to validate the association between R353Q (rs6046) polymorphism and the risk of CHD.The relevant data was collected up to March 25, 2019 from PubMed, Web of Science, CNKI, and Wanfang databases. We examined all eligible studies using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale (NOS). The odds ratio (OR) and its corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were adopted to evaluate the relationship between the R353Q (rs6046) polymorphism and CHD. Stata version 14.0 (Stata Corporation, USA) was used in all statistical tests.There were at least 28 eligible studies, including 14626 cases and 17994 controls, included in our meta-analysis. R353Q (rs6046) polymorphism was associated with the reduced risk of CHD in four genetic models: allele model (Q versus R: OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.69 to 0.90, P < 0.001, I2 = 56.4%), homozygote (co-dominant) model (QQ versus RR: OR = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.58 to 0.92, P = 0.004, I2 = 5.8%), heterozygote (co-dominant) model (RQ versus RR: OR = 0.71, 95% CI = 0.58 to 0.86, P = 0.001, I2 = 75.4%), and dominant model (RQ+QQ versus RR: OR = 0.74, 95% CI = 0.63 to 0.865, P < 0.001, I2 = 64.1%) excluding recessive model (QQ versus RR+RQ: OR = 0.86, 95% CI = 0.57 to 1.28, P = 0.447, I2 = 51.6%).The results of the current meta-analysis suggested that R353Q (rs6046) polymorphism was associated with the reduced risk of CHD, especially in Asians.


Assuntos
Doença das Coronárias/genética , Fator VII/genética , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Fatores de Proteção
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