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1.
J Clin Immunol ; 39(1): 81-89, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30607663

RESUMO

The association of immunodeficiency-related vaccine-derived rubella virus (iVDRV) with cutaneous and visceral granulomatous disease has been reported in patients with primary immunodeficiency disorders (PIDs). The majority of these PID patients with rubella-positive granulomas had DNA repair disorders. To support this line of inquiry, we provide additional descriptive data on seven previously reported patients with Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) (n = 3) and ataxia telangiectasia (AT) (n = 4) as well as eight previously unreported patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas and DNA repair disorders including NBS (n = 1), AT (n = 5), DNA ligase 4 deficiency (n = 1), and Artemis deficiency (n = 1). We also provide descriptive data on several previously unreported PID patients with iVDRV-induced cutaneous granulomas including cartilage hair hypoplasia (n = 1), warts, hypogammaglobulinemia, immunodeficiency, myelokathexis (WHIM) syndrome (n = 1), MHC class II deficiency (n = 1), Coronin-1A deficiency (n = 1), X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency (X-SCID) (n = 1), and combined immunodeficiency without a molecular diagnosis (n = 1). At the time of this report, the median age of the patients with skin granulomas and DNA repair disorders was 9 years (range 3-18). Cutaneous granulomas have been documented in all, while visceral granulomas were observed in six cases (40%). All patients had received rubella virus vaccine. The median duration of time elapsed from vaccination to the development of cutaneous granulomas was 48 months (range 2-152). Hematopoietic cell transplantation was reported to result in scarring resolution of cutaneous granulomas in two patients with NBS, one patient with AT, one patient with Artemis deficiency, one patient with DNA Ligase 4 deficiency, one patient with MHC class II deficiency, and one patient with combined immunodeficiency without a known molecular etiology. Of the previously reported and unreported cases, the majority share the diagnosis of a DNA repair disorder. Analysis of additional patients with this complication may clarify determinants of rubella pathogenesis, identify specific immune defects resulting in chronic infection, and may lead to defect-specific therapies.


Assuntos
Reparo do DNA/genética , Granuloma/complicações , Granuloma/virologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Vírus da Rubéola/patogenicidade , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Dermatopatias/virologia , Adolescente , Ataxia Telangiectasia/genética , Ataxia Telangiectasia/virologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Granuloma/genética , Cabelo/anormalidades , Cabelo/virologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hirschsprung/genética , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/virologia , Masculino , Síndrome de Quebra de Nijmegen/genética , Síndrome de Quebra de Nijmegen/virologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/congênito , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Osteocondrodisplasias/virologia , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/genética , Rubéola (Sarampo Alemão)/virologia , Pele/virologia , Dermatopatias/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/genética , Doenças por Imunodeficiência Combinada Ligada ao Cromossomo X/virologia
2.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 13(1): 207, 2018 11 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30445974

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with cartilage-hair hypoplasia (CHH), a rare metaphyseal chondrodysplasia, manifest severe growth failure, variable immunodeficiency and increased risk of malignancies. The impact of CHH on gynecologic and reproductive health is unknown. Vulnerability to genital infections may predispose CHH patients to prolonged human papillomavirus (HPV) infections potentially leading to cervical, vaginal and vulvar cancer. METHODS: We carried out gynecologic evaluation, pelvic ultrasound and laboratory assessment in 19 women with genetically confirmed CHH. All patients were clinically examined and retrospective data were collected from hospital records. RESULTS: The women ranged in age from 19.2 to 70.8 years (median 40.8 years) and in height from 103 to 150 cm (median 123 cm). All women had undergone normal pubertal development as assessed by breast development according to Tanner scale and by age of menarche (mean 12.5 yrs., range 11-14 yrs). Despite significant short stature and potentially small pelvic diameters, a well-developed uterus with fairly normal size and shape was found by pelvic ultrasound in most of the patients. Ovarian follicle reserve, assessed by ultrasound was normal in relation to age in all premenopausal women it could be assessed (12 cases). Anti-Müllerian hormone was normal in relation to age in 17 women (89%). HPV was detected in 44% (8/18) and three women carried more than one HPV serotype; findings did not associate with immunological parameters. Three patients had a concurrent cell atypia in Pap smear. CONCLUSIONS: Pubertal development, reproductive hormones and ovarian structure and function were usually normal in women with CHH suggesting fairly normal reproductive health. However, the immunodeficiency characteristic to CHH may predispose the patients to HPV infections. High prevalence of HPV infections detected in this series highlights the importance of careful gynecologic follow up of these patients.


Assuntos
Cabelo/anormalidades , Doença de Hirschsprung/patologia , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/patologia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/virologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/congênito , Papillomaviridae/patogenicidade , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Genótipo , Cabelo/patologia , Cabelo/virologia , Doença de Hirschsprung/genética , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteocondrodisplasias/genética , Osteocondrodisplasias/patologia , Osteocondrodisplasias/virologia , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sorogrupo
3.
World J Gastroenterol ; 13(32): 4350-4, 2007 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17708610

RESUMO

AIM: To explore the genetic diversities of UL144 open reading frame (ORF) of cytomegalovirus DNA detected in colon tissue from infants with Hirschsprung's disease (HD) by sequencing UL144 DNA in 23 aganglionic colon tissue and 4 urine samples from 25 HD infants. METHODS: Nest PCR was performed for amplification of the UL144 gene. The UL144 gene was analyzed with softwares, such as DNAclub, BioEdit, PROSITE database, and DNAstar. RESULTS: The strains from HD patients were distributed among three genotypes of UL144: group 1A (64%), group 2 (24%), and group 3 (12%). The UL144 genotypes between strains from HD and control group were compared by chi square test (c2 = 1.870, P = 0.393). Strains from the colon were sporadically distributed in UL144 genotypes. CONCLUSION: There are genetic diversities of UL144 ORF in colon tissue of infants with HD. However, cytomegalovirus UL144 genotypes are not associated with clinical manifestations of HD.


Assuntos
Colo/metabolismo , Citomegalovirus/genética , DNA Viral/metabolismo , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Proteínas Virais/genética , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Aminoácidos , DNA Viral/genética , Genótipo , Doença de Hirschsprung/metabolismo , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/análise , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Fenótipo , Proteínas Virais/análise
4.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18322590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the UL139 gene polymorphism of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), and the relationship between polymorphisms of HCMV UL139 ORF and Hirschsprung's disease (HD). METHODS: Forty-three specimens of the aganglionic intestinal segment and 6 urine samples of HD infants were amplified by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method. The amplicons were sequenced in both strands directly. The control group consisted of 10 asymptomatic HCMV infected infants, and their urine specimens were also analyzed using the same method. RESULTS: HCMV UL139 genes of 28 clinical strains from HD 1 patients were successfully amplified and sequenced. UL139 was hypervariable and was clustered into 3 major groups and 5 genotypes. The predominant genotype of HCMV in HD infants was UL139 Group 3 (48 percent). Comparison of strains distribution between the two groups did not reach statistical significance using chi square test (chi square=7.378, P=0.194). The results of correlation analysis between UL139 and UL144 genes showed a p value 0.05 by Kendall test. Clinically, strains from the rectosigmoid segment, total colon aganglionosis, and long-segment were distributed sporadically in UL139 genotypes. CONCLUSION: UL139 gene displayed polymorphisms. No linkage was found between UL139 genotype and clinical phenotype of HD. There was no correlation between HCMV UL144 and UL139.


Assuntos
Citomegalovirus/genética , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Fases de Leitura Aberta , Polimorfismo Genético , Feminino , Genótipo , Doença de Hirschsprung/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Proteínas Virais/química , Proteínas Virais/genética
5.
Surg Today ; 33(10): 764-7, 2003.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-14513326

RESUMO

We report a case of coexistent congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection with pseudo-Hirschsprung's disease in a female infant born at 39 weeks' gestation. The serologic data, urinary viral culture, and gene expression by in situ hybridization all suggested a CMV infection, and the pathologic findings of resected bowel specimens showed aganglionosis. Thus, congenital CMV infection may be etiologically associated with Hirschsprung's disease in some children.


Assuntos
Infecções por Citomegalovirus/congênito , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/complicações , Doença de Hirschsprung/virologia , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções por Citomegalovirus/patologia , Feminino , Doença de Hirschsprung/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Hirschsprung/patologia , Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Radiografia
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