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2.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(11): e808-e815, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33010817

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hodgkin lymphoma is potentially curable. However, 15-35% of older patients (ie, >60 years) have a lower response rate, worse survival outcomes, and greater toxicity than younger patients. Brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab exhibit activity in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. We therefore aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab in untreated older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma or in younger patients considered unsuitable for standard ABVD (ie, doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine) therapy. METHODS: We did a multicentre, single-arm, phase 2 trial at eight cancer centres in the USA. Previously untreated patients with classic Hodgkin lymphoma were eligible for study enrolment if they were 60 years or older, or younger than 60 years but considered unsuitable for standard chemotherapy because of a cardiac ejection fraction of less than 50%, pulmonary diffusion capacity of less than 80%, or a creatinine clearance of 30 mL/min or more but less than 60 mL/min, or those who refused chemotherapy. Patients were also required to have an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-2. Patients received brentuximab vedotin at 1·8 mg/kg (dose cap at 180 mg) and nivolumab at 3 mg/kg both intravenously every 21 days for 8 cycles. The primary endpoint was the overall response, defined as a partial metabolic response or complete metabolic response at the end of 8 cycles of treatment. A per protocol analysis was done including all patients who received treatment in the activity and safety analyses. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02758717. FINDINGS: Between May 13, 2016, and Jan 30, 2019, the study accrued 46 patients. The median age was 71·5 years (IQR 64-77), with two (4%) of 46 patients younger than 60 years. Median follow-up was 21·2 months (IQR 15·6-29·9), and 35 (76%) of 46 patients completed all 8 cycles of therapy. At the interim analysis on Oct 11, 2019, the first 25 evaluable patients had an overall response rate of 64% ([95% CI 43-82] 16 of 25 patients; 13 [52%] had a complete metabolic response and three [12%] had a partial metabolic response). The trial was closed to accrual on Oct 14, 2019, after the interim analysis failed to meet the predefined criteria. In all 46 evaluable patients, 22 (48%) patients achieved a complete metabolic response and six (13%) achieved a partial metabolic response (overall response rate 61% [95% CI 45-75]). 14 (30%) of 46 patients had 16 dose adjustments, primarily due to neurotoxicity. 22 (48%) of 46 patients had peripheral neuropathy (five [11%] patients had grade 3 peripheral neuropathy). Grade 4 adverse events included increased aminotranferases (one [2%] of 46), increased lipase or amylase (two [4%]), and pancreatitis (one [2%]). One (2%) patient died from cardiac arrest, possibly treatment related. INTERPRETATION: Although the trial did not meet the prespecified activity criteria, brentuximab vedotin plus nivolumab is active in older patients with previously untreated Hodgkin lymphoma with comorbidities. The regimen was also well tolerated in the majority of patients in this older population. Future trials should be based on optimising the dose and schedule, perhaps combined with other targeted agents that might permit chemotherapy-free strategies in older patients with Hodgkin lymphoma. FUNDING: Seattle Genetics and Bristol Myers Squibb.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Brentuximab Vedotin/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Brentuximab Vedotin/efeitos adversos , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Doenças Hematológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Injeções Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/etiologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Indução de Remissão , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22408, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019417

RESUMO

The epidemiology of lymphomas has changed since the use of antiretroviral therapy. The incidence of Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) has significantly decreased in high income countries but not in low and middle-income countries where AIDS-related events remain high. This observational study describes the characteristics, infectious complications and main outcomes of patients diagnosed with HIV and lymphoma at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología.All adults >18 years diagnosed with HIV and lymphoma from January 2010 to December 2017 were included. Information on HIV and lymphoma was collected, as well as the occurrence of co-infections at diagnosis and during therapy. Multiple regression was done with NHL patients to evaluate independent variables associated to death.One hundred fifty three patients were included: 127 patients with NHL (83%) and 26 (17%) with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Of the NHL, 49 (38%) were diffuse large B cell Lymphomas (DLBCL), 35 (27%) plasmablastic, 28 (23%) Burkitt, 10 (8%) primary DLBCL of Central Nervous system, 3 (2%) T-cell lymphomas, and 2 (2%) pleural effusion lymphoma. Most patients were diagnosed in an advanced stage: 70% of NHL had a high International Prognostic Index (IPI); 68% of patients had <200 cells/mm. Almost 25% of NHL patients had an opportunistic infection at lymphoma diagnosis. During chemotherapy, 60% of all patients presented with at least 1 serious non-opportunistic infectious complication, and 50% presented 2 or more infectious complications, mostly bacterial infections. Thirty six percent of NHL and 23% of HL died. After adjusting for confounders, the variables associated with death were IPI and lymphoma type.HIV positive patients with lymphoma in our institution are diagnosed with an advanced stage and a high burden of infections complications. Death remains high and the variables strongly associated with death are those related to lymphoma prognosis such as lymphoma type and IPI.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/epidemiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/patologia , Infecções Oportunistas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , México/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Infecções Oportunistas/microbiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 4907-4912, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We investigated the effects of luteolin (LUT) on classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (cHL), since such studies in malignant lymphomas are lacking. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Effect of LUT on cell growth was assessed with water-soluble tetrazolium 1 (WST-1) cell proliferation assay and automated hemocytometry on trypan blue-exclusion assay. Cell death was investigated with acridine orange/ethidium bromide live-dead assay, propidium iodide (PI) flow cytometry, and Annexin-V-PI microscopy. Caspase activation was studied using CellEvent Caspase-3/7 Green detection reagent. High resolution immunofluorescence microscopy was used to detect cleaved-PARP-1. RESULTS: LUT induced a dose-dependent decrease in the growth of KMH2 and L428 cells, cellular models of mix-cellularity (MC) and nodular sclerosis (NS) cHL, respectively. However, LUT induced cell death only in KMH2, at a higher concentration, and this was associated with caspase activation and cleaved PARP-1. CONCLUSION: LUT induces cytotoxicity in the MC-cHL cellular model KMH2 via caspase activation.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Caspases/metabolismo , Morte Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Luteolina/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Poli(ADP-Ribose) Polimerase-1/metabolismo
5.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(5): 737-741, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32905626

RESUMO

In recent years, novel drugs are available for the patients with relapsed/refractory Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), like immune checkpoint inhibitors (CPi). These drugs have been able to rescue a cohort of patients who subsequently could receive an allogeneic stem-cell transplant (SCT). No data were reported for subsequent autologous SCT (ASCT) after CPi. Here, we report our real-life experience in heavily pretreated HL patients undergoing ASCT as consolidation approach after CPi treatment. A retrospective observational study was conducted. Patients had CPi therapy in the context of clinical trials (n = 6) or in the named patient program (n = 7) between July 2014 and November 2019: 9 out of 13 received pembrolizumab and the remaining four underwent nivolumab. A median of 12 cycles (range, 3-16) of CPi therapy were infused. Thirteen patients underwent ASCT after CPi: 11 (84.6%) patients obtained a complete response (CR) and 2 had progression of disease, with an overall response rate of 84.6%. With a median follow-up of 3.3 years (range, 1.1-5.5), only one CR patient had disease relapse after 3.9 months from ASCT, leading to an estimated disease-free survival of 87.5% at 56.9 months. The estimated 5-year progression-free survival was 73.4% and overall survival was 92.3% at 4.8 years, respectively. No unexpected or cumulative toxicity was observed. Our results indicated that ASCT may represent a further effective therapeutic option as consolidation in HL after CPi treatment that today represents the last conventionally recognized therapeutic line.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Adulto , Terapia Combinada , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Indução de Remissão , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(9): e2013935, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990738

RESUMO

Importance: Response-adapted randomized trials have used positron emission tomography-computed tomography to attempt to identify patients with early-stage favorable Hodgkin lymphoma (ESFHL) who could be treated with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (ABVD) without radiation therapy (RT). While maximal efficacy is demonstrated with combined modality therapy, RT is often omitted in fear of late adverse effects; however, the application of modern RT could limit these toxic effects. Objective: To determine the radiation doses delivered to organs at risk with modern involved-site RT among patients with ESFHL treated with 20 Gy after 2 cycles of ABVD. Design, Setting, and Participants: This case series included 42 adult patients with ESFHL (according to the German Hodgkin Study Group criteria) who were treated between 2010 and 2019, achieved complete response by positron emission tomography-computed tomography (1-3 on 5-point scale) following 2 cycles of ABVD, and then received consolidative RT. The study was conducted at a single comprehensive cancer center. Exposures: 2 cycles of chemotherapy followed by 20-Gy involved-site RT. Main Outcomes and Measures: The medical records of patients with ESFHL were examined. Organs at risk were contoured, and doses were calculated. Progression-free survival, defined from date of diagnosis to disease progression, relapse, or death, and overall survival were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Results: The cohort comprised 42 patients with ESFHL (median [range] age at diagnosis, 35 [18-74] years; 18 [43%] women; 24 [57%] with stage II disease). At a median follow-up of 44.6 (95% CI, 27.6-61.6) months, the 3-year progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 91.2% (95% CI, 74.9%-97.1%) and 97.0% (95% CI, 80.4%-99.6%), respectively. The mean heart dose was less than 5 Gy (mean, 0.8 Gy; SD, 1.5 Gy; range, 0-4.8 Gy) in all patients. The mean (SD) breast dose for both breasts was 0.1 (0.2) Gy (left breast range, 0-1.0 Gy; right breast range, 0-0.9 Gy). Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, combined modality therapy with 2 cycles of ABVD and 20 Gy for ESFHL was highly effective and avoided excess doses to organs at risk, which may limit long-term toxic effects.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Doença de Hodgkin , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração , Órgãos em Risco , Doses de Radiação , Radioterapia/métodos , Adulto , Bleomicina/administração & dosagem , Terapia Combinada/métodos , Dacarbazina/administração & dosagem , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Relação Dose-Resposta à Radiação , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/radioterapia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/etiologia , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Órgãos em Risco/patologia , Órgãos em Risco/efeitos da radiação , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Vimblastina/administração & dosagem
7.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(12): 3123-3135, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32995955

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The regulatory T cells (Tregs) are a subpopulation of lymphocytes that suppress the immune responses. The prognostic value of Tregs in lymphoma patients remains controversial. Thus, we conducted this meta-analysis to clarify the role of Tregs in the prognosis of lymphoma patients. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science to obtain eligible studies that evaluated the prognostic factor of Tregs for lymphoma patients. Hazards ratios (HRs) with the matching 95% confidence intervals (95%CIs) were merged to estimate the prognostic value of Tregs. RESULTS: We finally retrieved 23 eligible studies, including a total of 2269 patients. The overall pooled analysis on all types of lymphomas showed that Tregs had a significantly positive association with prolonged overall survival (OS) (HR = 0.633, 95% CI 0.528-0.758) and progression-free survival (PFS) (HR = 0.451, 95% CI 0.261-0.779). Subgroup analysis indicated that high Tregs were significantly correlated with longer OS in Hodgkin lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, and natural killer/T cell lymphoma. However, there was no significant association of Tregs with T cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. CONCLUSIONS: Increased Tregs indicates a better prognosis for patients with lymphoma. Tregs could be used as a valuable prognostic biomarker of lymphoma patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Prognóstico , Linfócitos T Reguladores/imunologia , Doença de Hodgkin/imunologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Linfócitos/imunologia , Linfócitos/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/imunologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Linfócitos T Reguladores/patologia
8.
Exp Hematol ; 90: 30-38, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32827560

RESUMO

Germinal center-associated nuclear protein (GANP) is a unique and multifunctional protein that plays a critical role in cell biology, neurodegenerative disorders, immunohematology, and oncogenesis. GANP is an orthologue of Saccharomyces Sac3, one of the components of the transcription export 2 (TREX-2) complex and a messenger RNA (mRNA) nuclear export factor. GANP is widely conserved in all mammals, including humans. Although GANP was originally discovered as a molecule upregulated in the germinal centers of secondary lymphoid follicles in peripheral lymphoid organs, it is expressed ubiquitously in many tissues. It serves numerous functions, including making up part of the mammalian TREX-2 complex; mRNA nuclear export via nuclear pores; prevention of R-loop formation, genomic instability, and hyper-recombination; and B-cell affinity maturation. In this review, we first overview the extensive analyses that have revealed the basic functions of GANP and its ancestor molecule Sac3, including mRNA nuclear export and regulation of R-loop formation. We then describe how aberrant expression of GANP is significantly associated with cancer development. Moreover, we discuss a crucial role for GANP in B-cell development, especially affinity maturation in germinal centers. Finally, we illustrate that overexpression of GANP in B cells leads to lymphomagenesis resembling Hodgkin lymphoma derived from germinal center B cells, and that GANP may be involved in transdifferentiation of B cells to macrophages, which strongly affects Hodgkin lymphomagenesis.


Assuntos
Acetiltransferases/imunologia , Carcinogênese/imunologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/imunologia , Doença de Hodgkin/imunologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/imunologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/imunologia , Transporte Ativo do Núcleo Celular/imunologia , Animais , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/patologia , Carcinogênese/patologia , Transdiferenciação Celular/imunologia , Centro Germinativo/imunologia , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Neoplasias Hematológicas/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Macrófagos/patologia , RNA Mensageiro/imunologia , RNA Neoplásico/imunologia
9.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(9): e660-e670, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recognising that the immune suppressive microenvironment promotes tumour growth in Hodgkin lymphoma, we hypothesised that activating immunity might augment the activity of targeted chemotherapy. We evaluated the safety and activity of combinations of brentuximab vedotin with nivolumab or ipilimumab, or both in patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, phase 1/2 trial, patients with relapsed or refractory Hodgkin lymphoma aged 18 years or older who had relapsed after at least one line of therapy, with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 2 or lower, and adequate organ and marrow function, with no pulmonary dysfunction were eligible for inclusion. Phase 1 primary objectives were to determine the maximum tolerated dose and dose limiting toxicities of brentuximab vedotin combined with ipilimumab (ipilimumab group), nivolumab (nivolumab group), or both (triplet therapy group) using a 3 + 3 dose escalation design with expansion cohorts. During the dose escalation phase, patients were enrolled sequentially into one of six cohorts: in the ipilimumab group fixed brentuximab vedotin 1·8 mg/kg with ipilimumab 1 mg/kg (cohort A) or 3 mg/kg (cohort B); in the nivolumab group fixed nivolumab 3 mg/kg with brentuximab vedotin 1·2 mg/kg (cohort D) or 1·8 mg/kg (cohort E); and in the triplet therapy group fixed nivolumab 3 mg/kg and ipilimumab 1 mg/kg with brentuximab vedotin 1·2 mg/kg (cohort G) or 1·8 mg/kg (cohort H). Additional patients were enrolled in the expansion phase at the same doses of cohorts B, E, and H. All drugs were given intravenously; brentuximab vedotin and nivolumab were given every 3 weeks, ipilimumab was given every 6 weeks in the ipilimumab group and every 12 weeks in the triplet therapy group. All eligible and treated patients were included in the analysis. This phase 1/2 study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT01896999. The phase 2, randomised portion of the trial is still enrolling. FINDINGS: Between March 7, 2014, and Dec 28, 2017, 64 patients were enrolled; two patients in the ipilimumab group and one patient in the nivolumab group were excluded due to ineligibility after enrolment and 61 were evaluable. A total of six dose limiting toxicities were reported in four patients, and the doses used in cohorts B, E, and H were established as maximum tolerated doses and patients were subsequently enrolled onto expansion cohorts (C, F, and I) with these schedules. There were ten (43%) grade 3-4 treatment related adverse events in the ipilimumab group, three (16%) in the nivolumab group, and 11 (50%) in the triplet therapy group including: eight (13%) of 64 patients reporting rash, and colitis, gastritis, pancreatitis and arthritis, and diabetic ketoacidosis each occurring in one (2%) patient. There were two (3%) treatment related deaths, one in the nivolumab group and one in the triplet therapy group. The overall response rate was 76% (95% CI 53-92) in the ipilimumab group, 89% (65-99) in the nivolumab group, and 82% (60-95) in the triplet therapy group, and the complete response rate was 57% (95% CI 34-78%) in the ipilimumab group, 61% (36-83%) in the nivolumab group, and 73% (50-89%) in the triplet therapy group. With a median follow-up of 2·6 years (IQR 1·8-2·9) in the ipilimumab group, 2·4 years (2·2-2·6) in the nivolumab group, and 1·7 years (1·6-1·9) in the triplet therapy group, median progression-free survival is 1·2 years (95% CI 1·7-not reached) in the ipilimumab group, but was not reached in the other two treatment groups. Median overall survival has not been reached in any of the groups. INTERPRETATION: There are clear differences in activity and toxicity of the three combination regimens. The tolerability and preliminary activity for the two most active regimens, brentuximab vedotin with nivolumab and the triplet therapy, are being compared in a randomised phase 2 trial (NCT01896999). FUNDING: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group-American College of Radiology Imaging Network and the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Brentuximab Vedotin/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Ipilimumab/uso terapêutico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Brentuximab Vedotin/efeitos adversos , Progressão da Doença , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Hipersensibilidade/etiologia , Ipilimumab/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Dor/etiologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Recidiva , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Am J Hematol ; 95(12): 1495-1502, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32815561

RESUMO

Nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) is a subtype of Hodgkin lymphoma with a preserved B-cell phenotype and follicular T helper (TFH ) cells rosetting around the tumor cells, the lymphocyte-predominant (LP) cells. As we recently described reactivity of the B-cell receptors of LP cells of some NLPHL cases with Moraxella spp. proteins, we hypothesized that LP cells could present peptides to rosetting T cells in a major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII)-bound manner. Rosetting PD1+ T cells were present in the majority of NLPHL cases, both in typical (17/20) and variant patterns (16/19). In most cases, T-cell rosettes were CD69+ (typical NLPHL, 17/20; NLPHL variant, 14/19). Furthermore, both MHCII alpha and beta chains were expressed in the LP cells in 23/39 NLPHL. Proximity ligation assay and confocal laser imaging demonstrated interaction of the MHCII beta chain expressed by the LP cells and the T-cell receptor alpha chain expressed by rosetting T cells. We thus conclude that rosetting T cells in NLPHL express markers that are encountered after antigenic exposure, that MHCII is expressed by the LP cells, and that LP cells interact with rosetting T cells in an immunological synapse in a subset of cases. As they likely receive growth stimulatory signals in this way, blockade of this interaction, for example, by PD1-directed checkpoint inhibitors, could be a treatment option in a subset of cases in the future.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação/imunologia , Linfócitos B , Doença de Hodgkin , Sinapses Imunológicas , Moraxella/imunologia , Infecções por Moraxellaceae , Linfócitos B/imunologia , Linfócitos B/patologia , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/imunologia , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Humanos , Sinapses Imunológicas/imunologia , Sinapses Imunológicas/patologia , Masculino , Infecções por Moraxellaceae/imunologia , Infecções por Moraxellaceae/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/imunologia , Linfócitos T Auxiliares-Indutores/patologia
12.
Hematol Oncol ; 38(4): 501-508, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602970

RESUMO

Among patients with advanced-stage classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) receiving ABVD chemotherapy, PET performed after the first two treatment cycles (PET-2) has prognostic value. However, 15% of patients with a negative PET-2 will experience treatment failure. Here we prospectively evaluated serum thymus and activation-regulated chemokine (TARC) levels, to improve risk assessment in patients treated according to HD0607 PET-driven trial (#NCT00795613). In 266 patients with available serum samples, who have agreed to participate in a sub-study for assessment of the role of TARC monitoring, serum TARC levels were measured at baseline and at time of PET-2 by commercially available ELISA test kits. The primary end-point was to evaluate the association between TARC after 2 ABVD cycles and PFS. Median TARC-2 values were significantly higher in PET-2-positive patients compared to PET-2-negative patients (P = .001), and in patients with treatment failure compared to those in continuous CR (P = .01). The 4-year PFS significantly differed between patients with TARC-2 >800 pg/mL vs ≤800 pg/mL (64% vs 86%, P = .0001). Moreover, among PET-2-negative patients, elevated TARC-2 identified those with a worse prognosis (74% vs 89%; P = .01). In multivariable analysis, TARC-2 >800 pg/mL was a significant independent predictor of PFS in the whole study population (HR 2.39, P = .004) and among the PET-2-negative patients (HR 2.49, P = .02). In conclusion, our results indicate that TARC-2 serum levels above 800 pg/mL suggest the need for a stringent follow-up in PET-2-negative patients, and the evaluation of new drugs in PET-2-positive, who will likely fail to respond to intensification with escalated BEACOPP.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Quimiocina CCL17/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença de Hodgkin/sangue , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença de Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Adulto Jovem
13.
Leuk Res ; 96: 106408, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32659407

RESUMO

Loss of the epigenetic marker 5-hydroxymethylcytosine (5hmC) has been demonstrated in a variety of neoplasms. Several recent studies have shown epigenetic alteration in Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL), which may impact treatment. We demonstrate near universal depletion of 5hmC in the neoplastic Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (H/RS) cells in all cases of CHL (49/49). We hypothesized that the addition of vitamin C-a cofactor for the ten-eleven translocation (TET) enzymes which oxidize 5-methylcytosine (5mC) to 5hmC - may replenish levels of 5hmC. The CHL cell line L428 was grown in optimal conditions and then subjected to vitamin C treatment, which demonstrated reduced cell viability as well as caspase activation and increased concentration of 5hmC. A more detailed understanding of the epigenetic landscape of CHL may help guide future therapies.


Assuntos
5-Metilcitosina/análogos & derivados , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Metilação de DNA , Epigênese Genética , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Células de Reed-Sternberg/patologia , 5-Metilcitosina/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/genética , Doença de Hodgkin/cirurgia , Humanos , Células de Reed-Sternberg/metabolismo
14.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(9): e28361, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672879

RESUMO

Waldeyer's ring (WR) involvement in pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is extremely rare and criteria for determining involvement and response to treatment are unclear. The international Staging, Evaluation, and Response Criteria Harmonization for Childhood, Adolescent and Young Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma (SEARCH for CAYAHL) Group performed a systematic review of the literature in search of involvement or response criteria, or evidence to support specific criteria. Only 166 cases of HL with WR involvement were reported in the literature, 7 of which were pediatric. To date no standardized diagnostic or response assessment criteria are available. Given the paucity of evidence, using a modified Delphi survey technique, expert consensus statements were developed by the SEARCH group to allow for a more consistent definition of disease and response evaluation related to this rare site of involvement among pediatric oncologists. The available evidence and expert consensus statements are summarized.


Assuntos
Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Orofaringe/diagnóstico por imagem , Orofaringe/patologia , Tonsila Faríngea/patologia , Prova Pericial , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Palato Mole/patologia , Tonsila Palatina/patologia , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Língua/patologia
16.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(6): e1008590, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32542010

RESUMO

EBV transforms B cells in vitro and causes human B-cell lymphomas including classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL), Burkitt lymphoma (BL) and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The EBV latency protein, EBNA2, transcriptionally activates the promoters of all latent viral protein-coding genes expressed in type III EBV latency and is essential for EBV's ability to transform B cells in vitro. However, EBNA2 is not expressed in EBV-infected CHLs and BLs in humans. EBV-positive CHLs have type II latency and are largely driven by the EBV LMP1/LMP2A proteins, while EBV-positive BLs, which usually have type I latency are largely driven by c-Myc translocations, and only express the EBNA1 protein and viral non-coding RNAs. Approximately 15% of human BLs contain naturally occurring EBNA2-deleted viruses that support a form of viral latency known as Wp-restricted (expressing the EBNA-LP, EBNA3A/3B/3C, EBNA1 and BHRF1 proteins), but whether Wp-restricted latency and/or EBNA2-deleted EBV can induce lymphomas in humanized mice, or in the absence of c-Myc translocations, is unknown. Here we show that a naturally occurring EBNA2-deleted EBV strain (P3HR1) isolated from a human BL induces EBV-positive B-cell lymphomas in a subset of infected cord blood-humanized (CBH) mice. Furthermore, we find that P3HR1-infected lymphoma cells support two different viral latency types and phenotypes that are mutually exclusive: 1) Large (often multinucleated), CD30-positive, CD45-negative cells reminiscent of the Reed-Sternberg (RS) cells in CHL that express high levels of LMP1 but not EBNA-LP (consistent with type II viral latency); and 2) smaller monomorphic CD30-negative DLBCL-like cells that express EBNA-LP and EBNA3A but not LMP1 (consistent with Wp-restricted latency). These results reveal that EBNA2 is not absolutely required for EBV to form tumors in CBH mice and suggest that P3HR1 virus can be used to model EBV positive lymphomas with both Wp-restricted and type II latency in vivo.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr , Antígenos Nucleares do Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Deleção de Genes , Herpesvirus Humano 4/fisiologia , Doença de Hodgkin , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B , Proteínas Virais/genética , Latência Viral , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/genética , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/patologia , Infecções por Vírus Epstein-Barr/virologia , Antígenos Nucleares do Vírus Epstein-Barr/metabolismo , Herpesvirus Humano 4/patogenicidade , Doença de Hodgkin/genética , Doença de Hodgkin/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/virologia , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Virais/metabolismo
17.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 67(8): e28365, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32491274

RESUMO

Hepatic involvement in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) is uncommon (∼5% of patients) but always implies stage IV disease. Accurate staging is mandatory for making the appropriate risk assignment and treatment decisions. The Staging Evaluation and Response Criteria Harmonization for Childhood, Adolescent and Young Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma (SEARCH for CAYAHL) international working group conducted a systematic literature review of liver involvement in HL patients with the aim to propose a universally acceptable definition for liver involvement in pediatric HL. Thirty-three articles describing 6985 pediatric and adult HL patients were reviewed, of which 539 (7.7%) mentioned liver involvement. The literature did not provide a uniform definition of hepatic involvement and we propose consensus criteria derived from the EuroNet and Children's Oncology Group protocols, where liver involvement is defined as any hepatic lesion on computed tomography scan that correlates with 18 F-FDG uptake greater than background liver. A clear definition of liver lesions is necessary to consistently identify liver involvement and compare its impact on outcomes among protocols worldwide.


Assuntos
Fluordesoxiglucose F18/uso terapêutico , Doença de Hodgkin/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Fígado/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Lactente , Fígado/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/terapia , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 535, 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513132

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Expression of forkhead box P3 (FOXP3), a key regulator of T-cell function, in the tumor immune microenvironment is related to survival in classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL). Vitamin D receptor (VDR), a transcription factor agonists have been shown to induce FOXP3 expression in T-cells and enhance recruitment of these cells to the inflammatory sites. VDR expression is CHL has been described. However, there is no data on expression of VDR in context of quantity of FOXP3 positive cells in CHL. METHODS: We examined and correlated immunohistochemical expression of VDR and FOXP3 along with clinical and pathology findings in 29 cases of CHL. RESULTS: VDR was expressed in Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells and background lymphocytes and FOXP3 was expressed in background lymphocytes. 82% of CHL cases, regardless of the subtype, expressed VDR and in majority of the cases, VDR expression was directly proportional to the quantity of FOXP3 expressing lymphocytes in the tumor microenvironment. In cases with higher clinical stage (III/IV), only 28.5% of cases diffusely expressed VDR and FOXP3 compared to 71.4% showing focal positivity. Whereas in cases with lower clinical stages (I/II), the expression pattern of VDR and FOXP3 was almost similar (41.6% diffuse versus 33.3% focal). Interestingly, focal VDR and FOXP3 expression pattern was significantly higher among males. Mixed cellularity cases showed predilection for focal VDR and FOXP3 expression (80% cases); whereas nodular sclerosis subtype had focal and diffuse VDR and FOXP3 expression patterns in similar proportion. Cases with diffuse VDR and FOXP3 expression were less likely to have bone marrow involvement. Epstein Barr virus- encoded small RNA (EBER) positive cases were predominantly focally positive (80%) for VDR and FOXP3. CONCLUSIONS: In summary, quantity of FOXP3 positive T-cells in CHL microenvironment seems to correlate with VDR expression. Clinical stage show a trend of inverse correlation with expression of VDR and quantity of FOXP3 positive T-cells. These findings suggest that VDR could be a possible prognostic and therapeutic target in CHL.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Receptores de Calcitriol/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Medula Óssea/patologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/análise , Doença de Hodgkin/mortalidade , Doença de Hodgkin/terapia , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Linfonodos/citologia , Linfonodos/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Receptores de Calcitriol/análise , Células de Reed-Sternberg/metabolismo , Células de Reed-Sternberg/patologia , Fatores Sexuais , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Microambiente Tumoral , Adulto Jovem
19.
Int J Hematol ; 112(5): 734-740, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529584

RESUMO

Human herpesvirus type 8 (HHV8) is a gamma herpesvirus known for its role in lymphoid neoplasms, especially in immunosuppressed patients. We describe the case of a 64-year-old male, without known immunodeficiency, with 1-year-long clinical history of mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenopathies and recurrent pulmonary infections. Histopathological evaluation of a mediastinal lymph node revealed the presence of scattered atypical large cells with Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg morphology in a background of lymphocytes and extensive areas of fibrosis. The large cells were positive for HHV8 and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), with a clonal pattern of IGH gene rearrangement. A descriptive diagnosis of "HHV8-positive, EBV-positive Hodgkin lymphoma-like large B-cell lymphoma" was rendered. Interestingly, the retrospective evaluation of a previous biopsy, diagnosed as reactive lymphadenitis, revealed the presence of HHV8- and EBV-positive cells, with a polyclonal pattern and a small peak corresponding to that of the most recent biopsy. This case presents diagnostic challenges due to the presence of particular features not clearly related to current HHV8-associated entities, and also suggests the possibility for disease progression in the spectrum of HHV8- and EBV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.


Assuntos
Herpesvirus Humano 4 , Herpesvirus Humano 8 , Doença de Hodgkin/patologia , Doença de Hodgkin/virologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/virologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/patologia , Transtornos Linfoproliferativos/virologia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/virologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Células de Reed-Sternberg/patologia , Células de Reed-Sternberg/virologia
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