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1.
Rev Saude Publica ; 55: 2, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825797

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and analyze their associated factors in professionals from administrative sectors working predominantly in sitting position. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with data obtained from 451 workers from a federal public institution in Southern Brazil. The dependent variable was the number of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months, measured using the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. In the analyses, 19 independent variables were investigated, divided into four categories: sociodemographic, behavioral, occupational and health characteristics. Univariate analysis and multiple Poisson regression with robust variance were performed. The independent variables were inserted into blocks with stepwise backward criterion, considering the value for Wald statistics equal to 0.20. The effect measures were expressed in a relative increase (RI) in the mean value, and the data were analyzed for a 5% significance level. RESULTS: The estimated prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in the prior 12 months was 90% (confidence interval - 95%CI 87-93). In the final model of regression analysis, the variables female gender (RI = 14.75%), low (RI = 100.02%) and moderate (RI = 64.06%) work ability index, use of medications (RI = 48.06%) and waist circumference at risk (RI = 15.59%) had a significant association with the increase in the mean number of symptoms; schooling with technical education acted as a protective factor, reducing the mean by 36.46%. CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms found and the associated factors indicate the need to propose specific actions and care for this population, such as immediate treatment of symptoms and changes in the organization and work environment, to achieve balance and harmony in the demands of prolonged sitting work and avoid its impact effect of this condition on public health.


Assuntos
Pessoal Administrativo , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Postura Sentada , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Sensors (Basel) ; 21(4)2021 Feb 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33668433

RESUMO

Construction workers executing manual-intensive tasks are susceptible to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) due to overexposure to awkward postures. Automated posture recognition and assessment based on wearable sensor output can help reduce MSDs risks through early risk-factor detection. However, extant studies mainly focus on optimizing recognition models. There is a lack of studies exploring the design of a wearable sensing system that assesses the MSDs risks based on detected postures and then provides feedback for injury prevention. This study aims at investigating the design of an effective wearable MSDs prevention system. This study first proposes the design of a wearable inertial measurement unit (IMU) sensing system, then develops the prototype for end-user evaluation. Construction workers and managers evaluated a proposed system by interacting with wearable sensors and user interfaces (UIs), followed by an evaluation survey. The results suggest that wearable sensing is a promising approach for collecting motion data with low discomfort; posture-based MSDs risk assessment has a high potential in improving workers' safety awareness; and mobile- and cloud-based UIs can deliver the risk assessment information to end-users with ease. This research contributes to the design, development, and validation of wearable sensing-based injury prevention systems, which may be adapted to other labor-intensive occupations.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Sistema Musculoesquelético , Dispositivos Eletrônicos Vestíveis , Ergonomia , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Postura
3.
J Occup Health ; 63(1): e12208, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682989

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) are common occupational injuries for nurses. Furthermore, rotating and irregular shift work may exacerbate muscle tension and pain in nurses. The objective of this study was to examine the differences between fixed day shift (FDS) nurses and rotating and irregular shift (RS + IS) nurses in WMSDs using a systematic literature review and meta-analysis. METHODS: Databases including PubMed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar were searched for relevant studies published between 2010 and 2020 using the target keywords. RESULTS: This study obtained data on a total of 18 199 nurses, among which 12 786 comprised the RS + IS group and 5413 constituted the FDS group. The result of the heterogeneity test was Q = 79.27 (P < .001) and I squared = 57.11%, indicating that heterogeneity existed among the studies. Subgroup analyses were also conducted with four groups: neck pain (n = 1818), shoulder and upper limb pain (n = 2525), back pain (n = 11 962), and hip and lower limb pain (n = 1894). Significant differences were found between the RS + IS group and the FDS group with regard to back pain, with the forest plot presenting an odds ratio equaling 1.40 (95% CI: 1.19-1.64, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis indicated that RS + IS nurses are more likely to experience back pain associated with WMSD than are FDS nurses. The results can serve as a reference to the clinical management for work improvement and thereby reduce or prevent the adverse effects of rotating and irregular shift work on back pain experienced by nurses.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Enfermagem , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Jornada de Trabalho em Turnos , Dor nas Costas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Extremidade Inferior , Cervicalgia/epidemiologia , Dor de Ombro/epidemiologia
4.
J Back Musculoskelet Rehabil ; 34(2): 161-167, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33682695

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health anxiety is often associated with musculoskeletal symptoms and gender, but there are limited studies that investigate these relationships during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the genders regarding health anxiety and musculoskeletal symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic and to investigate the relationship of musculoskeletal symptoms with physical activity and health anxiety. METHODS: Assessments were performed through an online questionnaire. Eighty-five males and eighty-five females were included by matching genders in terms of age, body mass index, education level, number of days spent at home during the pandemic, and physical activity. The Short Health Anxiety Inventory, the International Physical Activity Questionnaire-Short Form, and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire were used to assess health anxiety, physical activity, and musculoskeletal symptoms, respectively. RESULTS: Females had a higher level of health anxiety and more musculoskeletal symptoms than males (p< 0.05). There were weak to moderate correlations in females and weak correlations in males between musculoskeletal symptoms and health anxiety (p< 0.05). Also, a weak negative correlation was found between physical activity and musculoskeletal symptoms in both genders (p< 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Females are more anxious and have more musculoskeletal symptoms during the pandemic than males. Also, health anxiety is related to musculoskeletal symptoms in both genders.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia/epidemiologia
5.
Waste Manag ; 125: 98-102, 2021 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33677182

RESUMO

Solid waste management is a global challenge impacting the lives of thousands of people, among them the recyclable materials waste pickers, through the separation and sale of these materials, make a living for themselves. These workers face unhealthy working conditions and are exposed to various occupational risks, which predispose the prevalence of musculoskeletal as chronic back problems. METHOD: Exploratory cross-sectional study with a semi-structured questionnaire to investigate the prevalence of back pain and related risk factors. RESULTS: 1.025 waste pickers were interviewed, and 970 records of chronic back pain were detected. Among them, 660 were women (68.04%), 310 were men (31.96%), the average age of 40.21 years; 597 were single (61.92%); 629 (64.84%) had over 11 years of work; 942 (97.11%) worked exclusively in the open dump, 899 (92.68%) with bags, 922 (95.05%) on dayshift. We found significant associations between gender (p < 0.001); age (p < 0.001); time at work (p < 0.022) and place at work (p < 0.001). After adjusting, there were higher prevalence of chronic back pain women (OR = 1.7), older age (OR = 2.64); working more than 11 years (OR = 1.09); and working on the open dump (OR = 2.8). CONCLUSION: The prevalence of subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders was high. Women, over 36 years old, who worked more than 11 h a day in the open dump were more exposed to suffer from chronic back problems. The importance of urgently addressing the labor impacts related to solid waste management in developing countries to protect these workers and, especially, women involved in this work is emphasized.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Eliminação de Resíduos , Adulto , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Reciclagem , Fatores de Risco
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33669544

RESUMO

We aimed to determine the neurophysiological pattern that is associated with the development of musculoskeletal pain that is induced by biomechanical constraints. Twelve (12) young healthy volunteers (two females) performed two experimental realistic manual tasks for 30 min each: (1) with the high risk of musculoskeletal pain development and (2) with low risk for pain development. During the tasks, synchronized electroencephalographic (EEG) and electromyography (EMG) signals data were collected, as well as pain scores. Subsequently, two main variables were computed from neurophysiological signals: (1) cortical inhibition as Task-Related Power Increase (TRPI) in beta EEG frequency band (ß.TRPI) and (2) muscle variability as Coefficient of Variation (CoV) from EMG signals. A strong effect size was observed for pain measurement under the high risk condition during the last 5 min of the task execution; with muscle fatigue, because the CoV has decreased below 18%. An increase in cortical inhibition (ß.TRPI >50%) was observed after the 5th min of the task in both experimental conditions. These results suggest the following neurophysiological pattern-ß.TRPI ≥ 50% and CoV ≤ 18%-as a possible indicator to monitor the development of musculoskeletal pain in the shoulder in the context of repeated and prolonged exposure to manual tasks.


Assuntos
Eletroencefalografia , Eletromiografia , Músculo Esquelético/fisiopatologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Dor Musculoesquelética/diagnóstico , Adulto , Transtornos Traumáticos Cumulativos/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fadiga Muscular , Ombro , Adulto Jovem
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33535339

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the current status of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in automobile assembly workers, as well as the distribution of WMSDs at multiple sites and related influencing factors. Methods: From March to July 2019, cluster sampling was performed to select 663 male automobile assembly workers as respondents, and the musculoskeletal injury questionnaire was used to investigate their general status and working condition. A multinomial logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the influencing factors for WMSDs at multiple sites. Results: The detection rate of WMSDs within the past 7 days was 37.9% (251/663) among the automobile assembly workers, and the detection rate of WMSDs within the past 1 year was 51.9% (344/663) . Of all workers, 13.6% (90/663) had WMSDs involving only 1 site, while 38.3% (254/663) had WMSDs involving 2 or more sites. The multinomial logistic regression analysis showed that frequent turns during work was a risk factor for WMSDs involving 1-3, 4-6, and 7-9 sites (odds ratio [OR]=1.65, 2.47, and 3.65, respectively) . Repeated action of lower extremities and ankles was a risk factor for WMSDs involving 4-6 and 7-9 sites (OR=2.15 and 2.98, respectively) . Working in an uncomfortable position was a risk factor for WMSDs involving 1-3, 4-6, and 7-9 sites (OR=1.95, 2.67, and 3.04, respectively) . Prolonged standing during work was a risk factor for WMSDs involving 1-3 and 4-6 sites (OR= 1.87 and 1.79, respectively) . Working overtime was a risk factor for WMSDs involving 7-9 sites (OR=5.48) . Adequate time for rest was a protective factor against WMSDs involving 1-3 and 4-6 sites (OR=0.50 and 0.31, respectively) . Conclusion: There is a high detection rate of WMSDs in automobile assembly workers, and WMSDs at multiple sites are more common than WMSDs at a single site. Poor position and organizational management factors are risk factors for occupational WMSDs at multiple sites.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Doenças Profissionais , Automóveis , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33622673

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on rheumatic patients' and rheumatologists' usage, preferences and perception of digital health applications (DHAs). METHODS: A web-based national survey was developed by the Working Group Young Rheumatology of the German Society for Rheumatology and the German League against Rheumatism. The prospective survey was distributed via social media (Twitter, Instagram and Facebook), QR code and email. Descriptive statistics were calculated, and regression analyses were performed to show correlations. RESULTS: We analysed the responses of 299 patients and 129 rheumatologists. Most patients (74%) and rheumatologists (76%) believed that DHAs are useful in the management of rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMDs) and felt confident in their own usage thereof (90%; 86%). 38% of patients and 71% of rheumatologists reported that their attitude had changed positively towards DHAs and that their usage had increased due to COVID-19 (29%; 48%). The majority in both groups agreed on implementing virtual visits for follow-up appointments in stable disease conditions. The most reported advantages of DHAs were usage independent of time and place (76.6%; 77.5%). The main barriers were a lack of information on suitable, available DHAs (58.5%; 41.9%), poor usability (42.1% of patients) and a lack of evidence supporting the effectiveness of DHAs (23.2% of rheumatologists). Only a minority (<10% in both groups) believed that digitalisation has a negative impact on the patient-doctor relationship. CONCLUSION: The COVID-19 pandemic instigated an increase in patients' and rheumatologists' acceptance and usage of DHAs, possibly introducing a permanent paradigm shift in the management of RMDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Reumatologistas/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
Am J Gastroenterol ; 116(3): 530-538, 2021 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33560650

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Endoscopy-related injury (ERI) is common in gastroenterologists (GI). The study aim was to assess the prevalence of self-reported ERI, patterns of injury, and endoscopist knowledge of preventative strategies in a nationally representative sample. METHODS: A 38-item electronic survey was sent to 15,868 American College of Gastroenterology physician members. The survey was completed by 1,698 members and was included in analyses. Descriptive, univariate, and multivariate analyses were conducted to evaluate the likelihood of ERI based on workload parameters and gender. RESULTS: ERI was reported by 75% of respondents. ERI was most common in the thumb (63.3%), neck (59%), hand/finger (56.5%), lower back (52.6%), shoulder (47%), and wrist (45%). There was no significant difference in the prevalence of ERI between men and women GI. However, women GI were significantly more likely to report upper extremity ERI while men were more likely to report lower-back pain-related ERI. Significant gender differences were noted in the reported mechanisms attributed to ERI. Most respondents did not discuss ergonomic strategies in their current practice (63%). ERI was less likely to be reported in GI who took breaks during endoscopy (P = 0.002). DISCUSSION: ERI is highly prevalent in GI physicians. Significant gender differences regarding specific sites affected by ERI and the contributing mechanisms were observed. Results strongly support institution of training in ergonomics for all GI as a strategy to prevent its impact on providers of endoscopy.


Assuntos
Endoscopia , Gastroenterologistas , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Traumatismos Ocupacionais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ergonomia , Feminino , Gastroenterologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
11.
Nutr. hosp ; 38(1): 128-138, ene.-feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-198849

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: la actividad física es una conducta relacionada con la salud que se asocia a un mayor bienestar de la población que padece enfermedades musculoesqueléticas. OBJETIVO: el objetivo es evaluar la asociación de diferentes factores de salud y estilo de vida con la actividad física en el tiempo libre de la población española que padece enfermedades musculoesqueléticas. MÉTODOS: hemos utilizado datos de la Encuesta Europea de Salud en España de 2014. La población se clasificó en función del diagnóstico médico o no de enfermedad musculoesquelética (artrosis, dolor de espalda, osteoporosis o varias de estas enfermedades). La encuesta recoge datos sobre la actividad física y otras conductas relacionadas con la salud (alimentación, consumo de alcohol y tabaco, entre otras) y otros indicadores de salud (estado de salud percibido, dolor percibido, salud mental, limitaciones físicas, entre otros). Hemos empleado modelos de regresión logística multivariante para analizar la relación entre las diferentes variables estudiadas en la población con diagnóstico de enfermedad musculoesquelética. RESULTADOS: la actividad física se asocia a la ingesta diaria de fruta y verdura, independientemente de la edad y el sexo, y al consumo diario de pescado en las mujeres mayores de 45 años. El consumo de tabaco es mayor en las mujeres y los hombres inactivos, mientras que el consumo semanal de alcohol se asocia a una mayor actividad física (excepto en las mujeres de entre 15 y 44 años). CONCLUSIONES: la actividad física habitual es una conducta que se asocia a un mejor estado de salud y un estilo de vida más saludable en la población española con enfermedad musculoesquelética


BACKGROUND: physical activity is a health-related behavior that is associated with increased well-being in people living with musculoskeletal disease. OBJECTIVE: we assessed the association of different health and lifestyle factors with physical activity in the Spanish population living with musculoskeletal disease. METHODS: we used data from the 2014 European Health Survey for Spain. The population was classified according to their musculoskeletal disease (including osteoarthritis, back pain, osteoporosis, or several of these diseases) diagnostic status. The survey collected data on habitual physical activity and other health-related behaviors (diet, alcohol and tobacco consumption, among others) and other health indicators (self-perceived health status, perceived pain, mental health, physical limitations, among others). We used multivariate logistic regression models to analyze the relationship between the different variables studied in the population living with musculoskeletal disease. RESULTS: physical activity is associated with daily fruit and vegetable intake, regardless of age and sex, and with daily fish consumption in women aged 45 years and older. Tobacco smoking is higher in inactive women and men, while weekly consumption of alcohol is associated with more physical activity (except in women aged 15-44 years). CONCLUSIONS: physical activity is a behavior associated with a better health status and healthier lifestyle in the Spanish population living with musculoskeletal disease


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Atividade Motora , Estilo de Vida , Espanha , Nível de Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Análise por Conglomerados , Índice de Massa Corporal , Saúde Mental , Modelos Logísticos
12.
J Hand Surg Asian Pac Vol ; 26(1): 41-46, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33559578

RESUMO

Background: The evaluation of pain catastrophizing, which is a negative emotion associated with pain, is useful for predicting pain after surgery and is also associated with upper extremity disability. Therefore, it is important to evaluate pain catastrophizing after surgery for upper limb musculoskeletal disorders. This study examined the appropriate time to evaluate pain catastrophizing after surgery for upper extremity motor disorders. Methods: A total of 32 patients underwent surgery. Pain catastrophizing (Pain Catastrophizing Scale: PCS) and pain intensity (Numerical Rating Scale: NRS) were measured at the start of rehabilitation and 2, 4, and 8 weeks postoperatively. The subjective ability of the upper extremity was measured 8 weeks postoperatively using the Hand20 questionnaire. The variation in the postoperative PCS and NRS were investigated. Results: The PCS and NRS values were significantly lower 2 weeks postoperatively than at the time rehabilitation started. Pain catastrophizing was a significant predictor of pain, with the greatest degree of prediction at 2 weeks. Pain catastrophizing was also a significant predictor of the Hand20 result at 8 weeks postoperatively. Conclusions: Our data shows that pain catastrophizing should be evaluated 2 weeks postoperatively for the prediction of continuing pain.


Assuntos
Catastrofização , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Extremidade Superior/cirurgia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/reabilitação , Período Pós-Operatório
13.
Musculoskelet Sci Pract ; 52: 102340, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33571900

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Telehealth services have helped enable continuity of care during the coronavirus pandemic. We aimed to investigate use and views towards telehealth among allied health clinicians treating people with musculoskeletal conditions during the pandemic. METHODS: Cross-sectional international survey of allied health clinicians who used telehealth to manage musculoskeletal conditions during the coronavirus pandemic. Questions covered demographics, clinician-related factors (e.g. profession, clinical experience and setting), telehealth use (e.g. proportion of caseload, treatments used), attitudes towards telehealth (Likert scale), and perceived barriers and enablers (open questions). Data were presented descriptively, and an inductive thematic content analysis approach was used for qualitative data, based on the Capability-Opportunity-Motivation Behavioural Model. RESULTS: 827 clinicians participated, mostly physiotherapists (82%) working in Australia (70%). Most (71%, 587/827) reported reduced revenue (mean (SD) 62% (24.7%)) since the pandemic commenced. Median proportion of people seen via telehealth increased from 0% pre (IQR 0 to 1) to 60% during the pandemic (IQR 10 to 100). Most clinicians reported managing common musculoskeletal conditions via telehealth. Less than half (42%) of clinicians surveyed believed telehealth was as effective as face-to-face care. A quarter or less believed patients value telehealth to the same extent (25%), or that they have sufficient telehealth training (21%). Lack of physical contact when working through telehealth was perceived to hamper accurate and effective diagnosis and management. CONCLUSION: Although telehealth was adopted by allied health clinicians during the coronavirus pandemic, we identified barriers that may limit continued telehealth use among allied health clinicians beyond the current pandemic.


Assuntos
Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/reabilitação , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Pessoal Técnico de Saúde/psicologia , Austrália , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
J Vasc Interv Radiol ; 32(2): 220-225.e2, 2021 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461874

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the impact of a versatile flexible ceiling-mounted C-arm on active table and gantry repositioning during interventions and its effect on operator discomfort, system usability, and patient safety compared with a traditional ceiling-mounted system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: There were 100 IR procedures studied: 50 in a traditional IR system (standard group) and 50 with a novel multiaxis ceiling-mounted system (test group). FlexArm was capable of multiple gantry rotation points allowing increased access to the patient in addition to 236 cm of lateral x-ray detector travel. For each procedure, both the table and the gantry repositioning were measured. Patient safety, patient/equipment repositioning effort, and physical discomfort were evaluated through an operator survey. RESULTS: Table repositioning was reduced from 42 to 16 instances per procedure (P < .001) in the test group compared with the standard group. The operators perceived less table and gantry repositioning effort (P < .0001) and decreased risks of equipment collisions, displacement of vascular access, and dislodgment of tubes/lines with the test group (P < .0001). Operator discomfort was reduced for all body areas in the test group over the standard group (P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: The FlexArm system geometry enhances operator ergonomics, as there was a decrease need to move the table, leading to a perceived decrease in patient risk and decrease operator physical discomfort when compared to a traditional imaging system.


Assuntos
Angiografia/instrumentação , Ergonomia , Radiografia Intervencionista/instrumentação , Radiologistas , Angiografia/efeitos adversos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Saúde do Trabalhador , Posicionamento do Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Radiografia Intervencionista/efeitos adversos , Fluxo de Trabalho
15.
Am Fam Physician ; 103(3): 147-154, 2021 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33507054

RESUMO

Telemedicine can provide patients with cost-effective, quality care. The coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic has highlighted the need for alternative methods of delivering health care. Family physicians can benefit from using a standardized approach to evaluate and diagnose musculoskeletal issues via telemedicine visits. Previsit planning establishes appropriate use of telemedicine and ensures that the patient and physician have functional telehealth equipment. Specific instructions to patients regarding ideal setting, camera angles, body positioning, and attire enhance virtual visits. Physicians can obtain a thorough history and perform a structured musculoskeletal examination via telemedicine. The use of common household items allows physicians to replicate in-person clinical examination maneuvers. Home care instructions and online rehabilitation resources are available for initial management. Patients should be scheduled for an in-person visit when the diagnosis or management plan is in question. Patients with a possible deformity or neurovascular compromise should be referred for urgent evaluation. Follow-up can be done virtually if the patient's condition is improving as expected. If the condition is worsening or not improving, the patient should have an in-office assessment, with consideration for referral to formal physical therapy or specialty services when appropriate.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/terapia , Telemedicina , /epidemiologia , Humanos , Anamnese , Força Muscular , Pandemias , Exame Físico/métodos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular
16.
RMD Open ; 7(1)2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33479021

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Whether patients with inflammatory rheumatic and musculoskeletal diseases (RMD) are at higher risk to develop severe courses of COVID-19 has not been fully elucidated. Aim of this analysis was to describe patients with RMD according to their COVID-19 severity and to identify risk factors for hospitalisation. METHODS: Patients with RMD with PCR confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection reported to the German COVID-19 registry from 30 March to 1 November 2020 were evaluated. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate ORs for hospitalisation due to COVID-19. RESULTS: Data from 468 patients with RMD with SARS-CoV-2 infection were reported. Most frequent diagnosis was rheumatoid arthritis, RA (48%). 29% of the patients were hospitalised, 5.5% needed ventilation. 19 patients died. Multivariable analysis showed that age >65 years (OR 2.24; 95% CI 1.12 to 4.47), but even more>75 years (OR 3.94; 95% CI 1.86 to 8.32), cardiovascular disease (CVD; OR 3.36; 95% CI 1.5 to 7.55), interstitial lung disease/chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (ILD/COPD) (OR 2.79; 95% CI 1.2 to 6.49), chronic kidney disease (OR 2.96; 95% CI 1.16 to 7.5), moderate/high RMD disease activity (OR 1.96; 95% CI 1.02 to 3.76) and treatment with glucocorticoids (GCs) in dosages >5 mg/day (OR 3.67; 95% CI 1.49 to 9.05) were associated with higher odds of hospitalisation. Spondyloarthritis patients showed a smaller risk of hospitalisation compared with RA (OR 0.46; 95% CI 0.23 to 0.91). CONCLUSION: Age was a major risk factor for hospitalisation as well as comorbidities such as CVD, ILD/COPD, chronic kidney disease and current or prior treatment with GCs. Moderate to high RMD disease activity was also an independent risk factor for hospitalisation, underlining the importance of continuing adequate RMD treatment during the pandemic.


Assuntos
/diagnóstico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/complicações , Doenças Reumáticas/complicações , /genética , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , /terapia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema de Registros , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças Reumáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Fatores de Risco
17.
J Rehabil Med ; 53(1): jrm00146, 2021 Jan 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of adding a workplace intervention to inpatient occupational rehabilitation on return-to-work self-efficacy, and whether changes in return-to-work self-efficacy were associated with future work outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial. SUBJECTS: Individuals aged 1860 years, sick-listed 212 months were randomized to multimodal inpatient rehabilitation with (n?=?88) or without (n?=?87) a workplace intervention. METHODS: Between-group differences for 4 months follow-up were assessed using linear mixed models. Associations between self-efficacy scores and future sickness absence days during 12 months of follow-up were assessed by linear regression. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant between-group differences in self-efficacy during follow-up. Participants with high or medium self-efficacy scores at the end of rehabilitation had fewer sickness absence days during follow-up compared with participants with low scores. Participants with consistently high scores or an increasing score throughout the programme showed fewer sickness absence days than those with reduced or consistently low scores. CONCLUSION: Receiving an added workplace intervention did not increase return-to-work self-efficacy more than standard inpatient occupational rehabilitation alone. High scores and a positive development in return-to-work self-efficacy were associated with higher work participation. This suggests that return-to-work self-efficacy could be an important factor to consider in the return-to-work process.


Assuntos
Transtornos Mentais/reabilitação , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/reabilitação , Doenças Profissionais/reabilitação , Retorno ao Trabalho/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Autoeficácia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
19.
Work ; 68(1): 33-43, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33459678

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal and psychosocial problems have tended to increase during the COVID-19 pandemic. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the changes in musculoskeletal problems and psychosocial status of teachers during the COVID-19 pandemic due to online education and to investigate the effects of preventive telerehabilitation applications for musculoskeletal problems. METHODS: Forty teachers who conducted online education during the pandemic volunteered to participate in the study. All assessments were performed via online methods. The Cornell Musculoskeletal Discomfort Questionnaire (CMDQ), ProFitMap-Neck questionnaire, Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), and Upper Extremity Functional Index (UEFI) were used to evaluate musculoskeletal problems; the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were used to evaluate anxiety and depression, respectively; and the Work-Life Balance Scale (WLBS) was used to evaluate how well individuals achieve this balance. Information about before online education, during online education, and after training was obtained with the assessments. After the first assessment, telerehabilitation, which involved presentations and brochures, was applied to 18 participants willing to participate in the training. RESULTS: The ProFitMap, UEFI, and WLBS scores during the online education decreased significantly, while the scores of the CMDQ, ODI, BDI, and BAI during the online education increased significantly compared to the pre-online education scores (p < 0.05). In addition, the total CMDQ, ProFitMap, and ODI scores improved significantly after the training (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Musculoskeletal and psychosocial problems increased in teachers during online education. Preventive telerehabilitation methods will be beneficial for individuals who do not have access to face-to-face physiotherapy.


Assuntos
Educação a Distância/métodos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Psicologia , Telerreabilitação/normas , Adulto , /prevenção & controle , Educação a Distância/normas , Ergonomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/epidemiologia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Preventiva/instrumentação , Medicina Preventiva/métodos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telerreabilitação/instrumentação , Telerreabilitação/métodos , Turquia
20.
Instr Course Lect ; 70: 637-650, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33438941

RESUMO

Ultrasonography as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool has become a resource for musculoskeletal injuries. It can be a useful imaging modality for clinical correlation of physical examination findings as well as an aid for image-guided procedures. Understanding the settings in which it is a helpful adjunct will have implications on efficiency and cost utility. The objectives of this chapter are to provide a background of ultrasonography as a musculoskeletal imaging modality, provide clinical correlation for ultrasonographic findings for common upper extremity pathology, review the diagnostic efficacy of ultrasonography for image-guided procedures, and provide insight into the cost utility of ultrasonography guidance for therapeutic injections.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas , Humanos , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia , Extremidade Superior/diagnóstico por imagem
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