Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.529
Filtrar
1.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 30(1): e022720, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33533798

RESUMO

Slaughter condemnations are important sources of information on cattle health. The incidence of bovine parasitic diseases is still very high in Brazil. These diseases, in addition to causing harm to the animals health, are neglected zoonotic diseases in several parts of world. The study analysed not only the Carcass losses, but also the economic damage resulting from slaughter condemnations due to parasitic causes. Cattle slaughter data from the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Supply (MAPA), over the period of 2012 to 2015 and data from the Secretary of Livestock and Irrigation of the state of Rio Grande do Sul (SEAPI-RS) were analyzed between 2014 and 2018.The number of organs and carcasses condemned was multiplied by the respective values (in Brazilian Real) obtained from slaughterhouses and subsequently converted into dollars. Brazilian analysis in SIF (Federal Inspection System) establishments showed that more than 1.2 million organs (3,884,505 kg) and 20,000 carcasses (4,547,718 kg) were condemned only due to parasitic causes during post-mortem inspection. In Rio Grande do Sul, in state inspection establishments, more than 1.7 million organs (8,210,559 kg) and 5,000 carcasses (1,243,200 kg) were condemned. These data are alarming and support the need for public policies to control these parasitic diseases.


Assuntos
Matadouros , Doenças dos Bovinos , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Matadouros/estatística & dados numéricos , Animais , Brasil/epidemiologia , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/economia , Doenças dos Bovinos/epidemiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/complicações , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Zoonoses/economia , Zoonoses/epidemiologia
2.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 30(1): e016320, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33605387

RESUMO

This study aimed to identify the intestinal parasites of road-killed wild felines in the North Central and North, Paraná state, southern Brazil. The animals were monitored by sampling previously established transects. The places where the felines were run over were mapped, the animals were identified, and the gastrointestinal tract was evaluated. The feces were submitted to coproparasitological techniques of spontaneous sedimentation, floating in hypersaturated NaCl solution and centrifugal floating in zinc sulfate. All the parasitic structures detected were photomicrographed. In the coproparasitological analyses were identified oocysts of Cystoisospora spp., eggs of Ancylostomatidae, and Capillaria spp.; eggs of Aelurostrongylus spp., Toxocara spp., Physaloptera spp., Taenia spp., and Spirometra spp.; Aelurostrongylus abstrusus larvae; and eggs and adults of Ancylostoma cati and Taenia spp. One of the cats was parasitized by a flea of Ctenocephalides felis felis. Based on these results, the animals analyzed in this study supplied important samples for the evaluation of parasitic diversity of North of Paraná and suggested that this region may have conditions that allow the maintenance of these parasites life cycles in the environment and among wildlife.


Assuntos
Animais Selvagens , Doenças do Gato , Enteropatias Parasitárias , Parasitos , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Animais Selvagens/parasitologia , Biodiversidade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/epidemiologia , Doenças do Gato/parasitologia , Gatos , Fezes/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/epidemiologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/parasitologia , Enteropatias Parasitárias/veterinária , Parasitos/isolamento & purificação , Parasitos/fisiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Prevalência
3.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 51(4): 789-798, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33480559

RESUMO

Two- and three-toed sloths (Choloepus spp. and Bradypus spp.) have become popular animals in American culture and in American zoos, where they are frequently used as animal ambassadors. Despite the increased focus on sloth species, the prevalence of infectious diseases in sloth populations and the associated clinical consequences are relatively unknown. This study reviewed all published literature from 1809 to 2019 that examined infectious agents in both captive and wild populations of either two- or three-toed sloths. Online databases were electronically searched for relevant manuscripts using strings of inclusion and exclusion terms, resulting in an initial identification of 5,364 articles. After removing duplications and conducting two relevance screenings, 57 manuscripts were included in the full review. A total of 1,769 individual two-toed sloths and 879 individual three-toed sloths were accounted for in the included studies, with evidence of infection or exposure to infectious agents in 647 (36.6%) and 222 (25.3%) individual two- and three-toed sloths, respectively. Approximately 74% of documented infections were cryptic fungal, parasitic, and viral infections. The remaining 26% of infections represent those that were associated with clinical signs of disease. The infectious agents reported were bacterial (84), parasitic (20), viral (9), and fungal (4). Significant knowledge gaps remain regarding clinical and subclinical infectious disease prevalence and impact in both free-ranging and captive sloths.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/veterinária , Micoses/veterinária , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Bichos-Preguiça , Viroses/veterinária , Animais , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Micoses/microbiologia , Viroses/virologia
4.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 142: 75-82, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210614

RESUMO

A new myxobolid species, Myxobolus zaikae n. sp., was found in the connective tissue near the kidney and liver blood vessels of the common roach Rutilus rutilus, while fish myxosporean fauna were being investigated in Lake Baikal, Russia. The parasites were studied on the basis of spore morphology as well as with histological and molecular methods. Mature spores of M. zaikae n. sp. are round or ellipsoidal in the frontal view and lemon-shaped in the lateral view, measuring 11.37 ± 0.11 µm (10.2-14.0 µm) in length, 10.29 ± 0.10 µm (9.6-11.0 µm) in width, and 6.3 ± 0.08 µm (5.8-7.1 µm) in thickness (mean ± SD; n = 50). Polar capsules are equal and pyriform, measuring 4.5 ± 0.07 µm (3.4-5.2 µm) in length and 2.9 ± 0.03 µm (2.6-3.3 µm) in width. Polar capsules contained polar filaments coiled with 5 to 6 turns. Phylogenetic analysis showed that this newly described species clusters with other myxobolid species infecting the connective tissue of different organs from Palearctic cyprinid fish.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Doenças dos Peixes , Myxobolus , Parasitos , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Brânquias , Lagos , Myxobolus/genética , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Filogenia
5.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 142: 83-97, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210615

RESUMO

The present study describes a new species of myxosporean, Ellipsomyxa ariusi sp. nov., infecting the gallbladder of the threadfin sea catfish Arius arius (Hamilton, 1822). E. ariusi sp. nov. is characterized by bivalvular, ellipsoid or elongate-oval myxospores with smooth spore valves and a straight suture, arranged at an angle to the longitudinal spore axis. Mature myxospores measured 10.1 ± 0.8 µm in length, 6.8 ± 0.5 µm in width and 7.7 ± 0.7 µm in thickness. Polar capsules are equal in size and oval to pyriform in shape. They are positioned at an angle to the longitudinal myxospore axis and open in opposite directions. Polar capsules measured 2.8 ± 0.3 µm in length and 2.5 ± 0.4 µm in width; polar filaments formed 4-5 coils, and extended to 32.2 ± 2.1 µm in length. Monosporic and disporic plasmodial stages attached to the wall of gallbladder. Molecular analysis of the type specimen generated a 1703 bp partial SSU rDNA sequence (MN892546), which was identical to the isolates from 3 other locations. In phylogenetic analyses, genus Ellipsomyxa appeared monophyletic and E. ariusi sp. nov. occupied an independent position in maximum likelihood and Bayesian inference trees with high bootstrap values. The overall prevalence of infection was 54.8% and multiway ANOVA revealed that it varied significantly with location, year, season, sex and size of the fish host. Histopathological changes associated with E. ariusi sp. nov. infection included swelling, vacuolation and detachment of epithelial layer, reduced mucus production and altered consistency and colour of bile. Based on the morphologic, morphometric and molecular differences with known species of Ellipsomyxa, and considering differences in host and geographic locations, the present species is treated as new and the name Ellipsomyxa ariusi sp. nov. is proposed.


Assuntos
Peixes-Gato , Doenças dos Peixes , Myxozoa , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Teorema de Bayes , Vesícula Biliar , Índia , Myxozoa/genética , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Filogenia
6.
Korean J Parasitol ; 58(5): 499-511, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202502

RESUMO

Echinostome metacercariae were investigated in freshwater snails from 26 districts in 7 provinces of upper northern Thailand. The species identification was carried out based on the morphologies of the metacercariae and adult flukes harvested from experimental hamsters, and on nucleotide sequences of internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide dehydrogenase subunit 1 (nad1) genes. Twenty-four out of 26 districts were found to be infected with echinostome metacercariae in freshwater snails with the prevalence of 40.4%. The metacercariae were found in all 6 species of snails, including Filopaludina martensi martensi (21.9%), Filopaludina doliaris (50.8%), F. sumatrensis polygramma (61.3%), Bithynia siamensis siamensis (14.5%), Bithynia pulchella (38.0%), and Anenthome helena (4.9%). The echinostome metacercariae found in these snails were identified as Echinostoma revolutum (37-collar-spined) and Echinostoma macrorchis (45-collar-spined) morphologically and molecularly. The 2-week-old adult flukes of E. revolutum revealed unique features of the cirrus sac extending to middle of the ventral sucker and smooth testes. E. macrorchis adults revealed the cirrus sac close to the right lateral margin of the ventral sucker and 2 large and elliptical testes with slight indentations and pointed posterior end of the posterior testis. The ITS2 and nad1 sequences confirmed the species identification of E. revolutum, and the sequences of E. macrorchis have been deposited for the first time in Gen-Bank. The presence of the life cycle of E. macrorchis is a new record in Thailand and the snail F. doliaris as their second intermediate host seems to be new among the literature.


Assuntos
Cricetinae/parasitologia , Echinostoma/anatomia & histologia , Echinostoma/isolamento & purificação , Água Doce/parasitologia , Metacercárias/anatomia & histologia , Metacercárias/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Caramujos/parasitologia , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Echinostoma/genética , Genes de Helmintos/genética , Metacercárias/genética , Prevalência , Tailândia/epidemiologia
7.
Korean J Parasitol ; 58(5): 583-587, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33202512

RESUMO

Blastocystis sp. is a kind of protozoa living in the intestinal tract of human and animals, which will cause intestinal diseases such as diarrhea, abdominal distension and vomiting. This paper was aimed to understand the infection of Blastocystis sp. In golden monkeys and the transmission path in North China. Thirty-seven feces samples from golden monkeys and 116 cockroach samples from Shijiazhuang Zoo were collected from July to October 2019 for PCR analysis of Blastocystis sp. Genetic diversity analysis was further conducted on the samples with positive PCR results. The results showed that the infection rate was 48.7% (18/37) in golden monkeys and 82.8% (96/116) in cockroaches, respectively. The genetic evolution analysis based on small subunit ribosomal RNA demonstrated that three subtypes (ST) of Blastocystis sp. including ST1, ST2, and ST3 existed in the intestinal tract of golden monkeys, while only ST2 was detected in the intestinal tract of cockroaches. This paper may provide supports for the quarantine and control of Blastocystis sp. for the zoo in Northern China.


Assuntos
Animais de Zoológico , Infecções por Blastocystis/transmissão , Infecções por Blastocystis/veterinária , Blastocystis/isolamento & purificação , Baratas/parasitologia , Vetores de Doenças , Insetos Vetores , Doenças dos Macacos/parasitologia , Doenças dos Macacos/transmissão , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/transmissão , Animais , Blastocystis/classificação , Blastocystis/genética , Infecções por Blastocystis/epidemiologia , Infecções por Blastocystis/parasitologia , Cercopithecus , China/epidemiologia , Fezes/parasitologia , Feminino , Masculino , Doenças dos Macacos/epidemiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
8.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(3): e006220, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027424

RESUMO

Native foxes face serious threats related to anthropic activities and the uncontrolled pets. However, the transmission of several pathogens such as parasites by domestic dogs is an important conservation issue with limited attention in Chile. The lack of a proper identification of the helminths of wild canids in the country, based mostly in coprological studies, limited our knowledge in potential interspecific transmission. Thus, the aim of the present survey was to identify the parasitic fauna of two native canids, the Andean fox (Lycalopex culpaeus) (n=49) and Chilla (Lycalopex griseus) (n=17), from several localities in Chile through a complete parasitological survey. Sixteen different species were identified, 9 of which are new host records for Andean fox and two for Chilla fox in South America, and three are recorded for first time in Chile. Also, five of them are of zoonotic concern and six are known to use domestic dogs as their principal hosts. These findings have implications for public health and the conservation of canids whose interspecific transmission of parasites with domestic dogs is confirmed through these findings. The need for an exhaustive surveillance of wild carnivores is emphasized considering these hosts as important sources of micro- and macroparasites.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Raposas , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Chile/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/epidemiologia , Doenças do Cão/parasitologia , Cães , Raposas/parasitologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia
9.
An Acad Bras Cienc ; 92(suppl 2): e20180984, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935738

RESUMO

Metacercariae of Diplostomidae are widely distributed in America and may cause diplostomiasis, an ocular disease in fishes. The aim of this study is to report the occurrence of metacercariae of Austrodiplostomum compactum in Plagioscion squamosissimus (non-native fish species) from Nova Avanhandava Reservoir, Tietê River, Brazil and an explanation for the high infection rates with this parasite in the Paraná River Basin is proposed. Eyes of 70 hosts were examined, the metacercariae were preserved and identified. The prevalence (P), mean intensity of infection (MII) ± standard deviation, mean abundance (MA) ± standard deviation, were calculated and a bibliographic review was performed. There was no difference in parasitism between male and female hosts. The values of P = 80%, MII = 21.55 ± 3.25 and MA = 17.24 ± 2.91 were high, as in most studies in areas where P. squamosissimus were introduced, while these values were low in areas of natural occurrence. This may be explained by the genetic susceptibility of the host to the parasite. The entire population of P. squamosissimus from the Upper Paraná has been founded by a few specimens, resulting in very low genetic variability. Consequently, the population may be highly susceptible to A. compactum.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Peixes/parasitologia , Helmintíase Animal/parasitologia , Metacercárias , Trematódeos , Animais , Brasil , Feminino , Masculino , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Rios
10.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(3): e007320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935770

RESUMO

Although anemia has been historically linked to Haemonchus contortus infection, other infectious agents, such as hemotropic mycoplasmas and tick-borne disease pathogens, may also lead to anemic crisis in sheep. This study has aimed to investigate infections related to anemia in a sheep herd from Bandeirantes City, Paraná State, southern Brazil. Seven out of forty-two (16.6%; 95% CI: 8.32-30.6%) sheep were positive for hemoplasmas by a PCR targeting the 16S rRNA gene and all tested negative for A. marginale/A. ovis and Babesia/Theileria spp. by PCR based on msp4 and 18S rRNA genes, respectively. Two (4.7%; 95% CI: 1.32-15.79%) animals were infested with Rhipicephalus microplus ticks. Fecal egg counting was performed in 38 sheep and 24 (63.15%; 95% CI: 47.2-76.6%) presented > 500 eggs per gram. Phylogenetic analysis of partial sequences of the detected hemotropic Mycoplasma sp. 16S and 23S rRNA genes confirmed that the animals were infected with Mycoplasma ovis. Polymorphism analysis of partial 16S rRNA sequences showed three different genotypes of M. ovis infecting sheep assessed in the present study. Mycoplasma ovis and gastrointestinal nematodes occurs in sheep from the northern region of Paraná State.


Assuntos
Anemia/veterinária , Nematoides , Parasitos , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Doenças dos Ovinos , Anemia/complicações , Anemia/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil , Mycoplasma/genética , Mycoplasma/isolamento & purificação , Nematoides/isolamento & purificação , Parasitos/classificação , Parasitos/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/complicações , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/microbiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Filogenia , RNA Ribossômico 16S/genética , Ovinos , Doenças dos Ovinos/microbiologia , Doenças dos Ovinos/parasitologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(3): e008720, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32935771

RESUMO

This study provides an updated list of parasite species and their respective hosts in the upper Paraná River floodplain. The list of parasites is structured by phylum, class, order and family, followed by a record of each host species. A total of 315 taxa of parasites were reported, of which 201 were identified at the species level. These 201 species comprise 3 Flagellata, 3 Myxozoa, 50 Monogenea, 43 Digenea, 40 Cestoda, 41 Nematoda, 8 Acanthocephala, 6 Copepoda, 5 Branchiura and 2 Pentastomida, arranged in 84 host fish species. This work carried out in the floodplain of the upper Paraná River contributes to the listing of parasite species and host interactions of the local ichthyofauna. Little is known about these communities and its riches are underestimated due to the high density of fish found in this region, highlighting the importance of conducting studies on the local fauna.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Parasitos , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Lista de Checagem , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Peixes/parasitologia , Parasitos/classificação , Parasitos/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Rios
12.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 141: 39-46, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940249

RESUMO

In the present study, we provide supplementary data for Myxidium cf. rhodei Léger, 1905 based on morphological, histological and molecular characterization. M. cf. rhodei was observed in the kidneys of 918 out of 942 (97%) roach Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus, 1758). Myxospores of M. cf. rhodei were fusiform with pointed ends, measuring 12.7 ± 0.1 SD (11.8-13.4) µm in length and 4.6 ± 0.1 (3.8-5.4) µm in width. Two similar pear-shaped polar capsules were positioned at either ends of the longitudinal axis of the myxospore: each of these capsules measured 4.0 ± 0.1 (3.1-4.7) µm in length and 2.8 ± 0.1 (2.0-4.0) µm in width. Polar filaments were coiled into 4 to 5 turns. Approximately 18-20 longitudinal straight ridges were observed on the myxospore surface. The suture line was straight and distinctive, running near the middle of the valves. Histologically, the plasmodia of the present species were found in the Bowman's capsules, and rarely in the interstitium of the host. Phylogenetic analysis revealed that M. cf. rhodei was sister to M. anatidum in the Myxidium clade including most Myxidium species from freshwater hosts.


Assuntos
Cyprinidae , Doenças dos Peixes , Myxozoa , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , DNA Ribossômico , Rim , Filogenia
13.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 141: 47-52, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940250

RESUMO

Reproduction of Trachurus picturatus off the western Portuguese coast was studied over 1 yr. During histological analyses, the presence of Kudoa sp. was detected in advanced vitellogenic oocytes. Kudoa infections are known to cause economic loss through the induction of post-mortem liquefaction of fish muscles, but ovarian infection as reported in this study will seriously affect the reproductive potential of the species and thus impact fisheries productivity. Only females showed gonad infection which led to total degradation of advanced vitellogenic oocytes. No macroscopic, somatic or condition indices revealed differences between infected and uninfected females, rendering this infection event a concealed suppression of reproduction.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções/veterinária , Myxozoa , Perciformes , Animais , Feminino , Ovário , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais
14.
Dis Aquat Organ ; 141: 91-101, 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940254

RESUMO

Malacosporeans are a group of endoparasitic cnidarians (Myxozoa) that use freshwater bryozoans and fish as final and intermediate hosts, respectively. The malacosporean Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae causes proliferative kidney disease (PKD), an emerging disease in aquaculture and wild fish populations, including threatened salmonids in Europe and the USA. Mixed infections of malacosporeans are often encountered, and a monitoring tool for screening of multiple malacosporean species in either their fish or bryozoan hosts is therefore desirable. We describe an inexpensive method that combines PCR amplification of the partial 18S rRNA gene (~260 bp) and a single-step restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) method for identification of 10 malacosporean lineages and species. We demonstrate and test this methodology on a set of DNA extracted from malacosporeans infecting fish kidney and tissues sampled from bryozoan colonies and compare the results with Sanger sequencing of the same parasite DNA isolates. The PCR-RFLP and Sanger sequencing methods agreed in 100% of cases. The PCR-RFLP method offers a number of opportunities, including screening large panels of host tissue samples to gain insights into infection patterns, characterizing mixed infections, and confirming highly pathogenic T. bryosalmonae infections. The method can also be further refined as new sequence data become available for malacosporeans.


Assuntos
Cnidários , Doenças dos Peixes , Infecções/veterinária , Myxozoa , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Europa (Continente) , Nefropatias/veterinária , Polimorfismo de Fragmento de Restrição
15.
Parasitol Res ; 119(11): 3617-3625, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32833049

RESUMO

Two myxosporean species of the genus Sphaeromyxa were isolated from the gallbladders of marine fish in the South China Sea. Sphaeromyxa scorpaena n. sp. was collected from Scorpaenodes albaiensis Evermann and Seale, 1907. The mature myxospores were arcuate-shaped with tapered to pointed ends, and a length of 14.1 ± 0.7 (13.8-15.1) µm and a width of 5.2 ± 0.3 (4.9-5.8) µm. The polar capsules (PCs) were pyriform with a length of 3.2 ± 0.2 (3.1-3.5) µm and a width of 1.6 ± 0.1 (1.4-1.8) µm, and containing ribbon-like polar filaments irregularly folded 1.5-2.5 turns. Molecular characteristics and phylogenetic analysis based on 18S rDNA as well as morphological comparison confirmed that S. scorpaena n. sp. was a previously undescribed species. Sphaeromyxa theraponi, isolated from Terapon jarbua Forsskål, 1775, was reported for the first time from the South China Sea. The mature myxospores were slightly arched, tapering to bluntly rounded ends, with a length of 17.3 ± 0.9 (15.5-19.4) µm and a width of 4.8 ± 0.3 (4.1-5.3) µm. A sporoplasm was situated in the space between PCs in the myxospore. The PCs were pyriform, which contained ribbon-like polar filaments irregularly folded by 2-3 turns, with a length of 7.0 ± 0.5 (5.8-8.1) µm and a width of 2.6 ± 0.2 (2.2-3.0) µm. Our morphological and phylogenetic analyses suggest that the pointed ends of S. scorpaena n. sp. might be a secondarily acquired characteristic rather than an ancestral trait.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Peixes/parasitologia , Myxozoa/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Animais , China , DNA Ribossômico , Vesícula Biliar/parasitologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Percas , Perciformes/parasitologia , Filogenia
16.
Parasitol Res ; 119(11): 3627-3637, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32852620

RESUMO

This study increases the known biodiversity of cnidarian parasites in neotropical bryconid fishes. Two novel Myxobolus species are described based on morphology, ultrastructure and small subunit ribosomal DNA (ssrDNA) sequencing: Myxobolus vetuschicanus n. sp. infecting fins of Salminus franciscanus and Myxobolus mineirus n. sp. infecting the mesentery of Brycon orthotaenia from the São Francisco River basin, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Ultrastructural analysis of the two species revealed an asynchronous sporogenesis process, with germinative cells and young developmental stages of myxospores in the periphery of the plasmodia. In M. vetuschicanus n. sp., the plasmodia were surrounded by a layer of fibroblasts and in M. mineirus n. sp., the plasmodial membrane had direct contact with the host tissue. The phylogenetic analysis based on the ssrDNA of Henneguya/Myxobolus species showed that the two novel Myxobolus species grouped in subclades together with other parasite species of bryconid fishes.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Caraciformes/parasitologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Myxobolus/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Nadadeiras de Animais/parasitologia , Animais , Brasil , DNA Ribossômico , Brânquias/parasitologia , Myxobolus/classificação , Filogenia , Subunidades Ribossômicas Menores de Eucariotos , Rios/parasitologia
17.
Folia Parasitol (Praha) ; 672020 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32764187

RESUMO

Myxobolus pseudodispar Gorbunova, 1936 (Myxozoa) was originally described as a parasite of common roach, Rutilus rutilus (Linnaeus), with developing stages in muscles and spores disseminated in macrophage centres of different organs and tissues. Later, this parasite was described from several other cyprinids, but with relatively large intraspecific differences based on SSU rDNA gene sequences. Within our long-term study on myxozoan biodiversity, we performed a broad microscopic and molecular screening of various freshwater fish species (over 450 specimens, 36 species) from different localities. We investigated the cryptic species status of M. pseudodispar. Our analysis revealed four new unique SSU rDNA sequences of M. pseudodispar as well as an infection in new fish host species. Myxobolus pseudodispar sequence analysis showed clear phylogenetic grouping according to fish host criterion forming 13 well-recognised clades. Using 1% SSU rDNA-based genetic distance criterion, at least ten new species of Myxobolus Bütschli, 1882 may be recognised in the group of M. pseudodispar sequences. Our analysis showed the paraphyletic character of M. pseudodispar sequences and the statistical tests rejected hypothetical tree topology with the monophyletic status of the M. pseudodispar group. Myxobolus pseudodispar represents a species complex and it is a typical example of myxozoan hidden diversity phenomenon confirming myxozoans as an evolutionary very successful group of parasites with a great ability to adapt to a new hosts with subsequent speciation events.


Assuntos
Biodiversidade , Especificidade de Hospedeiro , Interações Hospedeiro-Parasita , Myxobolus/classificação , Myxobolus/fisiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Animais , Evolução Biológica , DNA Ribossômico/análise
18.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(3): e003320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667503

RESUMO

Infection of fish gills by Henneguya causes greater contact between the secondary gill lamellae, thereby giving rise to decreased absorption surface area at the end of the filaments. This ectoparasite can cause damages on the gills infected fish. In the present study, fresh gills of Metynnis lippincottianus were analyzed using optical microscopy techniques. The myxoporean Henneguya sp. was found to be infecting 80% of the gills of this host fish. Presence of this parasite caused hyperplasia and fusion of the gill lamellae, but without inflammation in the parasitized organ.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes , Brânquias , Myxozoa , Animais , Brasil , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Brânquias/parasitologia , Myxozoa/fisiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/epidemiologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Rios
19.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(2): e000620, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609239

RESUMO

This study describes Henneguya sacacaensis n. sp. in specimens of the Osteichthyes Satanoperca jurupari (Heckel, 1840), collected in the Rio Curiaú Environmental Protection Area in the city of Macapá, state of Amapá Brazil. Using optical microscopy and molecular analysis, these cyst-shaped parasites were analyzed. The gills of 57.14% of the analyzed S. jurupari contained hundreds of spores. The cysts found on the gill lamellae were oval-shaped and whitish. The Henneguya spores had an average length of 46.5 (41.3-56.92) µm. The fusiform body of the Henneguya measured 16.5 (13.16-20.01) µm long and 5.1 (3.91-6.12) µm in width, the two polar capsules had a taper of 3.83 (3.4-4.32) µm and a width of 1.68 (1.4-1.99) µm, and the tail measured 30 (22.47-41.67) µm in length, containing a polar filament coiled seven to nine times. Morphogical and phylogenetic analysis allowed the preposition of a new species, Henneguya sacacaensis n. sp, that belongs to the family Myxobolidae and the genus Henneguya.


Assuntos
Ciclídeos , Doenças dos Peixes , Myxozoa , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais , Animais , Brasil , Ciclídeos/parasitologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Brânquias/parasitologia , Myxozoa/classificação , Myxozoa/citologia , Myxozoa/genética , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia , Filogenia , Especificidade da Espécie
20.
Rev Bras Parasitol Vet ; 29(2): e001820, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609240

RESUMO

This study investigated the fauna of ectoparasitic crustaceans in Leporinus affinis from Reservoir Coaracy Nunes, in eastern Amazon (Brazil), as well as the parasite-host interactions. The mouth, gills and tegument of 50.9% of the fish examined were parasitized by Argulus chicomendesi, Ergasilus turucuyus and Excorallana berbicensis, and a total of 118 parasites were collected. The dominance was found for E. berbicensis and the higher infestation levels were caused by E. berbicensis on the body surface of the hosts, but E. turucuyus had the highest prevalence on the gills of this host. The cluster analysis revealed higher similarity in the infestations by E. berbicensis and A. chicomendesi in relation to infestation site in hosts. Host sex and relative condition factor (Kn) were not influenced by moderate parasitism, but the abundance of parasites presented negative correlation with weight and Kn of the fish. This is the first study on the parasites of L. affinis showing low species diversity, with moderate prevalence and low parasite abundance.


Assuntos
Arguloida , Caraciformes , Copépodes , Doenças dos Peixes , Parasitos , Animais , Arguloida/fisiologia , Biodiversidade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Caraciformes/parasitologia , Copépodes/fisiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/epidemiologia , Doenças dos Peixes/parasitologia , Brânquias/parasitologia , Doenças Parasitárias em Animais/parasitologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...