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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32771337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Psychological suffering by health professionals may be associated with the uncertainty of a safe workplace. Front-line professionals exposed and involved in the diagnosis and treatment of COVID-19 patients are more susceptible. METHOD: This review was conducted based on papers that were published at MEDLINE, BMJ, PsycINFO, and LILACS, the according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA). RESULTS: Health professionals had a higher level of anxiety (13.0 vs. 8.5%, p < 0.01, OR = 1.6152; 95%CI 1.3283 to 1.9641; p < 0.0001) and depression 12.2 vs. 9.5%; p = 0.04; OR = 1.3246; 95%CI 1.0930 to 1.6053; p = 0.0042), besides somatizations and insomnia compared to professionals from other areas. CONCLUSION: Health professionals, regardless of their age, showed significant levels of mental disorders. We observed a prevalence of anxiety and depression. Insomnia was a risk factor for both.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/etiologia , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Estresse Psicológico
2.
Emergencias ; 32(5): 369-371, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33006841
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33086738

RESUMO

It has been well documented that both risk perception and group identification are related to psychosocial well-being. However, their combined effect has rarely been analyzed. We examined the combined effect of perceived risk associated with COVID-19 infection at work and work community identification on psychosocial well-being (i.e., frequency of stress symptoms) among health care and social sector workers in Finland (N = 1 279). Data were collected via an online questionnaire in June 2020 and analyses of covariance were conducted. Perceived COVID-19 infection risk at work was classified into high, medium and low risk. In total, 41% of participants reported a high risk. After all background variables were included, participants who reported high perceived infection risk and low work community identification reported stress symptoms more often than those who reported high perceived risk and high identification (p = 0.010). Similarly, the former differed significantly from all other comparison groups (medium and low risk, p < 0.001), being the most stressed. We found that perceived infection risk and work community identification were not related to each other. Our conclusion is that high work community identification can buffer employee stress when faced with a high perceived health risk. In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, work organizations with a high infection risk should advance the possibility of employees' identification with their work community.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/virologia , Estresse Ocupacional/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Assistentes Sociais/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Finlândia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Identificação Social
6.
Infez Med ; 28(3): 351-356, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32920570

RESUMO

The rapidly increased number of patients with COVID-19 resulted in the shortage of hospital beds. An outpatient follow-up plan was developed for COVID-19 patients with stable clinical condition and no concomitant diseases. The records of COVID-19 first admission clinic were retrospectively reviewed to identify the COVID-19 patients who were followed on home isolation as outpatients between March 17, 2020 and April 18, 2020 in Ankara, Turkey. Demographic and clinical characteristics of the patients, compliance with isolation rules, re-admission rates, and outcomes were investigated. A total of 41 patients with COVID-19 were followed on home isolation without hospitalization. The median age of the patients was 36 years. Twenty-four (58.5%) of 41 patients were female. Twenty-nine (70.7%) patients were healthcare workers. The most common symptoms at admission were cough, myalgia/arthralgia, and loss of smell and/or taste. Fourteen (34.1%) patients were asymptomatic on the first admission. Anti-viral treatment was given to 27 (65.8%) of 41 patients. Four of 41 patients were readmitted to the outpatient clinic and hospitalized. Three patients had worsening respiratory symptoms and pneumonia was detected in CT scans. One patient was hospitalized because of disseminated herpes zoster infection. Two patients who jeopardized the isolation rules were isolated and monitored at another hospital by provincial health directorate teams. If adequate conditions are provided, follow-up on home isolation seems to be a feasible method in carefully selected patients. However, these patients should be monitored closely by an experienced team during the isolation period.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/métodos , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Isolamento de Pacientes/métodos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Ocupação de Leitos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Avaliação de Sintomas , Turquia/epidemiologia
7.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(8)2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941709

RESUMO

Dermatologic surgeons are at increased risk of contracting SARS-COV-2. At time of writing, there is no published standard for the role of pre-operative testing or the use of smoke evacuators, and personal protective equipment (PPE) in dermatologic surgery. Risks and safety measures in otolaryngology, plastic surgery, and ophthalmology are discussed. In Mohs surgery, cases involving nasal or oral mucosa are highest risk for SARS-COV-2 transmission; pre-operative testing and N95 masks should be urgently prioritized for these cases. Other key safety recommendations include strict control of patient droplets and expanded pre-clinic screening. Dermatologic surgeons are encouraged to advocate for appropriate pre-operative tests, smoke evacuators, and PPE. Future directions would include national consensus guidelines with continued refinement of safety protocols.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Dermatologistas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gestão da Segurança/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Cirurgia de Mohs/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia de Mohs/métodos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fumaça/prevenção & controle
8.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(38): 1364-1368, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970661

RESUMO

As of September 21, 2020, the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic had resulted in 6,786,352 cases and 199,024 deaths in the United States.* Health care personnel (HCP) are essential workers at risk for exposure to patients or infectious materials (1). The impact of COVID-19 on U.S. HCP was first described using national case surveillance data in April 2020 (2). Since then, the number of reported HCP with COVID-19 has increased tenfold. This update describes demographic characteristics, underlying medical conditions, hospitalizations, and intensive care unit (ICU) admissions, stratified by vital status, among 100,570 HCP with COVID-19 reported to CDC during February 12-July 16, 2020. HCP occupation type and job setting are newly reported. HCP status was available for 571,708 (22%) of 2,633,585 cases reported to CDC. Most HCP with COVID-19 were female (79%), aged 16-44 years (57%), not hospitalized (92%), and lacked all 10 underlying medical conditions specified on the case report form† (56%). Of HCP with COVID-19, 641 died. Compared with nonfatal COVID-19 HCP cases, a higher percentage of fatal cases occurred in males (38% versus 22%), persons aged ≥65 years (44% versus 4%), non-Hispanic Asians (Asians) (20% versus 9%), non-Hispanic Blacks (Blacks) (32% versus 25%), and persons with any of the 10 underlying medical conditions specified on the case report form (92% versus 41%). From a subset of jurisdictions reporting occupation type or job setting for HCP with COVID-19, nurses were the most frequently identified single occupation type (30%), and nursing and residential care facilities were the most common job setting (67%). Ensuring access to personal protective equipment (PPE) and training, and practices such as universal use of face masks at work, wearing masks in the community, and observing social distancing remain critical strategies to protect HCP and those they serve.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Vigilância da População , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/mortalidade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
9.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 942020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880381

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Covid-19 pandemic is testing the resistance of health systems, the preservation of health professionals is a priority in processes of this type. The professionals' exposure to suspicious contacts often requires their confinement. The objective was to know the epidemiological characteristics of the primary care professionals who required confinement. METHODS: The research was carried out in the North Metropolitan Primary Care Area of Barcelona, from February 17 to May 3, 2020. 1,418 professionals who required confinement due to the epidemic by Covid-19 participated. The reasons for confinement, symptomatology, the confinement time and the results of PCR tests results were recorded. Univariate descriptive analysis was performed. RESULTS: 78.8% of the professionals were women and the mean age was 45.2 years. 67.8% were doctors and nurses, in the remaining 32.2% there were different healthcare and non-care professionals. 64.1% of the sample presented symptoms compatible with Covid-19. Participants described multiple symptoms during confinement. 1,050 diagnostic RT- PCR tests were performed, being positive in 323 cases, of which 33 were in asymptomatic people. CONCLUSIONS: The impact of the epidemic by Covid-19 is anticipated in health personnel compared to the general population. The distribution of symptoms in healthcare professionals is similar to that of other studies in the general population. Of the total number of professionals requiring isolation, 22.7% confirmed the diagnosis.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Quarentena , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Espanha/epidemiologia
10.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200350, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965403

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to report the experience of telemonitoring Brazilian nursing homes before coronavirus and COVID-19 infections. METHODS: a descriptive experience report that occurred between March 18 and April 25, 2020 through telemonitoring nursing homes in Salvador, Bahia, following a script previously prepared for first contact and follow-up. The telemonitoring was carried out by professors from the School of Nursing of Universidade Federal da Bahia and Graduate Program students for four weeks. RESULTS: thirty-two institutions were followed for four weeks. Some facilities and difficulties appeared during the monitoring. FINAL CONSIDERATIOS: as nursing homes are collective households, their residents are vulnerable to transmission of infections. In addition, the diversity of structures and economic, social and human resources needs of these locations reveal their fragility and urgency of public policies that address such diversities.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Instituição de Longa Permanência para Idosos , Casas de Saúde , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telefone , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Doenças Profissionais/diagnóstico , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Vigilância da População/métodos , Habilidades Sociais , Telefone/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Tempo
11.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 73(suppl 2): e20200469, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report the experience of the Nursing Committee for Coping with COVID-19 in Bahia. METHODS: The experience report describes motivation, objectives, representatives, organization, working groups, activities and impact of the Committee actions. RESULTS: The Committee consists of educational institutions and class representation. It accepts demands, questions and complaints from nursing workers, acts in favor of safe care and inspection of health and safety conditions at work. Five working groups and six technical support groups were formed. These groups address Communication, Review of Health Services Contingency Plans, Assistance to Long-Term Institutions, Epidemiology and External Activities. An Instagram account was created for quick and reliable access to information, and also an email to meet demands and monitor COVID-19 cases. CONCLUSION: The results of the Committee work contribute to guide, support, value and defend nursing workers in coping with COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Comitê de Profissionais/organização & administração , Brasil/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Motivação , Assistentes de Enfermagem , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Fatores Socioeconômicos
12.
Arch. prev. riesgos labor. (Ed. impr.) ; 23(3): 330-342, jul.-sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194119

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES: En abril de 2018 se detectó un número inusualmente elevado de síntomas irritativos de ojos, garganta y nariz, síntomas inespecíficos digestivos y mareos en trabajadores de los laboratorios de microbiología (LAM) y análisis clínicos (LAC) de un hospital de tercer nivel de Mallorca, asociados a olores también inhabituales. OBJETIVO: Confirmar la existencia del brote, identificar sus causas, y contribuir a su control y prevención. MÉTODOS: Estudio epidemiológico del brote con componentes cualitativo y cuantitativo. El primero se basó en la técnica de Grupos Focales. El estudio cuantitativo permitió elaborar las curvas epidémicas, en base a las visitas de los trabajadores por molestias al Servicio de Salud Laboral (SSL) y los episodios de incapacidad temporal (IT). Finalmente, se revisaron los informes higiénicos disponibles, valorando las posibles relaciones con la distribución de los casos. RESULTADOS: Mediante los grupos focales se establecieron dos definiciones operativas de caso, junto a la identificación de las posibles explicaciones del brote según las percepciones de los trabajadores. El estudio cuantitativo confirmó la existencia de un brote en el LAM, descartándolo en el LAC. Los episodios de IT en el LAM entre las semanas 16 y 39 excedieron en cuatro veces el número de casos esperados. El número de visitas al SSL también mostró un exceso de casos en las mismas semanas. CONCLUSIONES: El estudio cuantitativo confirma la existencia de un brote epidémico que ha finalizado, si bien el estudio cualitativo pone de manifiesto la continuación de los malos olores y molestias. La mejora de los sistemas de vigilancia epidemiológica facilitará la monitorización y control de otros posibles brotes en el futuro


BACKGROUND: In April 2018, an unusually high number of eye, throat and nose irritative symptoms, nonspecific gastrointestinal symptoms and dizziness were identified in workers in the microbiology (LAM) and clinical analysis (LCA) laboratories of a tertiary public hospital in Mallorca; these symptoms were also associated with perception of unusual odors. OBJECTIVE: To confirm the presence of an outbreak, identify its causes, and contribute to its prevention and control. METHODS: Epidemiological study of the outbreak involving qualitative and quantitative methods. The qualitative component was based on conducting focus groups The quantitative study allowed us to develop epidemic curves, based on employee visits to the hospital's occupational health service (OHS) due to either symptoms or episodes of sickness absence (SA). Lastly, available industrial hygiene reports were reviewed to examine possible relationships with the distribution of cases. RESULTS:Two operational case definitions were established through the focus groups, along with identification of possible explanations for the outbreak based on employee perception. The quantitative study confirmed the outbreak in the LAM, but not in the LCA. The SA episodes in the LAM between weeks 16 and 39 exceeded the number of expected cases four-fold. We also detected an excess of visits to the OHS during the same time period. CONCLUSIONS: The quantitative study confirmed an epidemic outbreak that has since ended, although the qualitative study indicated the persistence of bad smell and discomfort. The improvement of epidemiological surveillance systems as a result of the study will facilitate the monitoring and control of future possible outbreaks


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Surtos de Doenças/prevenção & controle , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Laboratório/estatística & dados numéricos , Surtos de Doenças/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Grupos Focais , Incidência
13.
Rev. esp. med. legal ; 46(3): 146-152, jul.-sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-192316

RESUMO

España ha sido uno de los países con mayor afectación por la pandemia COVID-19. Hasta la fecha, un 22% de los casos notificados son personal sanitario, siendo significativamente mayor este porcentaje entre las mujeres (76% del personal sanitario contagiado). Ante la evidencia de que muchos profesionales sanitarios pueden haberse contagiado en su puesto de trabajo, hemos revisado la problemática en el ámbito de la salud laboral que produce la COVID-19. Se describen los decretos publicados por el Gobierno de España y las recomendaciones de la Organización Internacional del Trabajo. Concretamente se analiza la clasificación del SARS-CoV-2 como agente biológico del grupo 3, su calificación como accidente de trabajo o enfermedad profesional y sus repercusiones en las situaciones de incapacidades (temporales y permanentes), secuelas y muerte, así como el estudio de las posibles demandas de aquellos que lo han sufrido como consecuencia de falta de medidas preventivas


Spain is one of the countries most affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. To date, 22% of reported cases are healthcare professionals, and 76% of them are women. Given that many healthcare professionals may have been infected in their workplace, we have reviewed the occupational health challenges posed by COVID-19. The Spanish laws and the recommendations of the International Labor Organization are described. The review covers the classification of SARS-CoV-2 as a biological agent in group 3 and of COVID-19 as an occupational accident or disease, its repercussions in temporary and permanent disabilities, sequelae and death, and the possible claims of those who may have developed the disease due to the lack of preventive measures


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/legislação & jurisprudência , Licença Médica/legislação & jurisprudência , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Precauções Universais/legislação & jurisprudência , Controle de Doenças Transmissíveis/legislação & jurisprudência , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(30): e21413, 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32791757

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to examine the anxiety status of the frontline clinical nurses in the designated hospitals for the treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in Wuhan and to analyze the influencing factors, to provide data for psychologic nursing.This study used a cross-sectional survey design and convenience sampling. The questionnaires were completed by 176 frontline clinical nurses. Anxiety was determined using the Hamilton anxiety scale. General data were collected using a survey. Correlation analyses were used.Among the 176 frontline nurses, 77.3% (136/176) had anxiety. The anxiety scores of the frontline clinical nurse fighting COVID-19 were 17.1 ±â€Š8.1. Anxiety symptoms, mild to moderate anxiety symptoms, and severe anxiety symptoms were found in 27.3%, 25%, and 25% of the nurses, respectively. Sex, age, marital status, length of service, and clinical working time against COVID-19 were associated with anxiety (P < .05).The frontline nurses working in the designated hospitals for the treatment of COVID-19 in Wuhan had serious anxiety. Sex, age, length of service, and clinical working time against COVID-19 were associated with anxiety in those nurses. Psychologic care guidance, counseling, and social support should be provided to the nurses to reduce their physical and mental burden. Nursing human resources in each province should be adjusted according to each province's reality.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 117(21): 365-372, 2020 05 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32843135

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adequate immunity to so-called childhood diseases can lower the occupational risk of vaccine-preventable infectious diseases in persons who work in day-care centers for children. METHODS: A systematic literature survey was carried out in PubMed and Embase for the period January 2000 to February 2019. Studies on immune status and vaccination status were included. In addition, data from the first wave of the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Adults (Studie zur Gesundheit Erwachsener in Deutschland, DEGS1) and surveillance data on notifiable infections in Germany were evaluated. RESULTS: Six studies and the DEGS1 analysis of vaccination or immune status for varicella zoster, rubella, hepatitis A (HAV), pertussis, measles, and mumps in persons caring for children in day-care centers, most of whom are women, were included in this review. According to DEGS1, childcare workers are more commonly vaccinated against HAV and pertussis than the general female population (prevalence ratios [PR]: 1.46 [1.12; 1.90] and 1.57 [1.05; 2.36]), yet 57% had not been vaccinated against HAV and 77% had not been vaccinated against pertussis. Childcare workers were found to be less commonly vaccinated against rubella than the general female population, although the difference was not statistically significant (PR: 0.87 [0.71; 1.07]). In a Canadian study, positive HAV serology was found to be correlated with the duration of activity as a childcare worker. In the DEGS1 study, large proportions of the younger childcare workers in particular were seronegative against measles (16%), mumps (19%), and HAV (37%). Notifiable disease statistics show that those working in community facilities had a markedly higher risk of mumps, pertussis, and varicella (relative risk [RR]: 1.8-2.6) and a somewhat higher risk of rubella and HAV (RR: 1.47 and 1.21, respectively). CONCLUSION: Childcare workers have a higher occupational risk of infection but do not always receive the appropriate vaccinations. In particular, women of child-bearing age working in day-care centers should be made more aware of the need for vaccination.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Doenças Preveníveis por Vacina/epidemiologia , Criança , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(34): e21908, 2020 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846856

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A meta-analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and occupational dust exposure, and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and treatment of COPD caused by occupational factors. METHODS: PubMed and Embase databases were used to search for original epidemiological literature related to theme. Both random and fixed effects models were used to calculate pooled odds ratios and their corresponding 95% confidence intervals. Review Manager was used to perform data analysis. RESULTS: Nine studies were included in the meta-analysis in accordance with the inclusion criteria. There was a significantly obvious correlation between occupational dust exposure and COPD of the population-based studies assessed in this article. The risk of developing COPD for workers exposed to dust was 1.51 times higher than for controls (I = 40%, 95% confidence interval: 1.27-1.79). The presence of publication bias was not found. CONCLUSION: The study provided evidence supporting the association between occupational dust exposure and the risk of developing COPD.


Assuntos
Poeira , Exposição por Inalação/efeitos adversos , Doenças Profissionais/complicações , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/fisiopatologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/prevenção & controle , Medição de Risco
17.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 69(31): 1015-1019, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759914

RESUMO

On March 24, 2020, the South Dakota Department of Health (SDDOH) was notified of a case of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in an employee at a meat processing facility (facility A) and initiated an investigation to isolate the employee and identify and quarantine contacts. On April 2, when 19 cases had been confirmed among facility A employees, enhanced testing for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, was implemented, so that any employee with a COVID-19-compatible sign or symptom (e.g., fever, cough, or shortness of breath) could receive a test from a local health care facility. By April 11, 369 COVID-19 cases had been confirmed among facility A employees; on April 12, facility A began a phased closure* and did not reopen during the period of investigation (March 16-April 25, 2020). At the request of SDDOH, a CDC team arrived on April 15 to assist with the investigation. During March 16-April 25, a total of 929 (25.6%) laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 cases were diagnosed among 3,635 facility A employees. At the outbreak's peak, an average of 67 cases per day occurred. An additional 210 (8.7%) cases were identified among 2,403 contacts of employees with diagnosed COVID-19. Overall, 48 COVID-19 patients were hospitalized, including 39 employees and nine contacts. Two employees died; no contacts died. Attack rates were highest among department-groups where employees tended to work in proximity (i.e., <6 feet [2 meters]) to one another on the production line. Cases among employees and their contacts declined to approximately 10 per day within 7 days of facility closure. SARS-CoV-2 can spread rapidly in meat processing facilities because of the close proximity of workstations and prolonged contact between employees (1,2). Facilities can reduce this risk by implementing a robust mitigation program, including engineering and administrative controls, consistent with published guidelines (1).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Surtos de Doenças , Indústria de Embalagem de Carne , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , South Dakota/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol ; 253: 90-94, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32829231

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the mental health of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-section survey-based study amongst doctors working within Obstetrics and Gynaecology in the United Kingdom. RESULTS: A total of 207 doctors completed the survey. Obstetricians and Gynaecologists reported significantly higher rates of both Major Depressive Disorder (versus, p = 0.023) and Generalised Anxiety Disorder (versus, p = 0.044) as compared to the UK-wide estimates. Sub-group analysis showed that anxiety was more common amongst female doctors as compared to males (versus, p = 0.047). Although the prevalence of GAD was higher amongst registrars compared to their Consultant and/or Senior House Officer counterparts, this was not statistically significant. Respondents felt that the most significant factor for work-related changes to mental health was keeping up to date with frequently changing guidelines and protocols related to COVID-19. Only of respondents felt able to talk to colleagues about their mental health. CONCLUSIONS: Key findings include the high prevalence of mental health conditions amongst doctors, demonstration of the persistent taboo that mental health carries within the speciality and the key contributory factors to poor mental health. Further work should be done to assess if changes to the way new and updating guidelines, protocols and pathways are disseminated reduces the impact on the mental health of doctors. With the threat of a second COVID-19 peak looming, now more than ever, it is vital that steps are taken to break the stigmatisation of mental health amongst doctors, encouraging doctors to seek help when required.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Ginecologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Obstetrícia/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Médicos/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Adulto , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
20.
J Laryngol Otol ; 134(8): 665-669, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: ENT surgeons are likely to be at high risk of coronavirus disease 2019 exposure. METHODS: A national registry of UK ENT surgeons with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 was created with the support of ENT UK. Voluntary entry was made by either the affected individual or a colleague, using a web-based platform. RESULTS: A four-month data collection period is reported, comprising 73 individuals. Coronavirus disease 2019 was test-confirmed in 35 respondents (47.9 per cent). There was a need for hospitalisation in two cases (2.7 per cent) and tragically one individual died. Symptom onset peaked in March. The majority suspected their exposure to have been in the workplace, with a significant proportion attributing their disease to a lack of personal protective equipment at a time before formal guidance had been introduced. CONCLUSION: The registry suggests that a significant number of ENT clinicians in the UK have contracted coronavirus disease 2019, and supports the need for tailored personal protective equipment guidance and service planning.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Otolaringologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Incidência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sistema de Registros , Autorrelato/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Local de Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos
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