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1.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(40): 3172-3175, 2019 Oct 29.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31694110

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of the serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) for the interstitial lung disease associated with connective tissue diseases (CTD-ILD). Methods: 84 patients with CTD-ILD (CTD-ILD group) and 91 patients with connective tissue disease (CTD group) who visited the department of rheumatology and immunology of People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region between January, 2016 and December, 2017 were included. Serum KL-6 levels were measured by commercially available enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Results: The significantly higher levels of KL-6 were determined in the CTD-ILD group than CTD group [1 239 (577, 2 094) vs 152 (89, 280) U/ml] (P<0.001). The optimal cutoff value of serum KL-6 for diagnosis of CTD-ILD was 402 U/ml, and the sensitivity and specificity were 82.1% and 86.8%, respectively. Area Under the Curve (AUC) was 0.905. Logistic regression analysis revealed that elevated KL-6 and decreased Carbon monoxide diffusion capacity were independently correlated with the occurrence of CTD-ILD, the decreased of DLcoSB% (OR=0.928, 95%CI: 0.891-0.968) and increase of KL-6 level (OR=1.005, 95%CI: 1.003-1.007) was the independent risk factor for the occurrence of ILD. Conclusion: The serum KL-6 is an important biomarker for the diagnosis of CTD-ILD and when the level of KL-6 is increased, the ILD should be alert.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Mucina-1/sangue , Biomarcadores , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Fatores de Risco
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6231-6240, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study aimed to prospectively examine the usefulness of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) release (IGR) as a biomarker in non-small-cell lung cancer patients receiving immune checkpoint inhibitor treatment (ICI-Tx). PATIENTS AND METHODS: IGR was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at four time points: within 14 days before ICI-Tx (T1), and 8±3 (T2), 22±7 (T3), and 43±7 (T4) days after ICI-Tx. RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients were divided into three groups based on IFN-γ levels in the IGR-positive control: Group-1 (n=8) with <10 IU/ml at T1, Group-2 (n=12) with a decrease in IFN-γ levels to <10 IU/ml at T3 and/or T4, and Group-3 (n=9) without changes in IFN-γ levels. Early progression and ICI-induced interstitial pneumonitis were frequently observed in Group-1 and Group-2, respectively. Group-3 exhibited more treatment cycles than the other groups. All three groups showed clear differences in clinical outcomes. CONCLUSION: IFN-γ levels could be a biomarker for ICI-Tx.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Interferon gama/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Linfócitos T/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antígeno B7-H1/antagonistas & inibidores , Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/efeitos adversos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Interferon gama/sangue , Tuberculose Latente/diagnóstico , Tuberculose Latente/etiologia , Tuberculose Latente/metabolismo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Estudos Prospectivos , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Fatores de Tempo
3.
FP Essent ; 486: 33-44, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31710456

RESUMO

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) includes approximately 100 separate conditions that fall into four main categories: conditions with known etiologies (eg, connective tissue disease), granulomatous diseases, idiopathic interstitial pneumonias, and miscellaneous conditions. Most patients report unexplained exertional dyspnea that develops insidiously over a variable period. Cough also is common. Because the clinical manifestations of ILD mimic those of other lung diseases, comprehensive testing almost always is required. Testing typically includes chest imaging, pulmonary function testing, and basic laboratory tests. If findings are not consistent with common diagnoses, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, additional testing with high-resolution computed tomography scan and bronchoscopy or surgical lung biopsy can help confirm the diagnosis and type of ILD. Depending on the type, therapy can involve management of the underlying disease (eg, management of an autoimmune condition) or symptomatic treatment. Several drugs and interventions are available to help alleviate symptoms, slow progression, and, in some cases, reverse the condition. In cases of refractory disease, lung transplantation may be required. For patients with progressive disease and contraindications to transplantation, palliative care measures should be considered.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Biópsia , Humanos , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Testes de Função Respiratória
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 99(38): 2976-2981, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607028

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the expression and clinical significance of chemokine ligand 18 (CCL18) in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid (BALF) of patients with connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). Methods: From January 2016 to June 2017, BALF of patients with rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD group), patients with dermatomyositis-associated interstitial lung disease (DM-ILD group), and patients with primary Sjögren syndrome-associated interstitial lung disease (pSS-ILD group) of Peking University People's Hospital were collected. According to the prognosis of each group of patients during hospitalization, they were divided into the discharged and the died. Besides, 30 patients without ILD served as a control group. Levels of CCL18 in BALF of all patients were tested by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Cells in BALF of RA-ILD group, DM-ILD group and pSS-ILD group were collected and analyzed by absolute different cell counts. Results of high-resolution CT (HRCT) of these three groups were scored. In addition, the area under the curve (AUC) of CCL18 in predicting mortality during hospitalization was calculated. Results: A total of 38 patients with RA-ILD, 54 patients with DM-ILD, and 35 patients with pSS-ILD were enrolled. Levels of CCL18 of those discharged patients of RA-ILD, DM-ILD, and pSS-ILD groups were 8.27(3.62, 14.36), 11.04 (5.86, 17.38), 5.25(2.68, 8.21) µg/L, respectively, which were all significantly higher than that of the control group [2.54(1.26, 3.66) µg/L, all P<0.05]. Furthermore, levels of CCL18 of those deceased patients of RA-ILD and DM-ILD groups were 18.28 (13.82, 22.39), 18.81 (16.29, 22.90) µg/L, which were significantly higher than that of the discharged patients of same group (all P<0.05). Levels of CCL18 were positively correlated with lymphocyte percentage in BALF of RA-ILD, DM-ILD and pSS-ILD groups (r=0.4356, 0.4029, 0.3939, respectively, all P<0.05). Besides, levels of CCL18 were significantly correlated with HRCT scores of RA-ILD and DM-ILD groups (r=0.4242, 0.3319, respectively, both P<0.05). Areas under the curve (AUCs) of CCL18 to predict mortality during hospitalization of RA-ILD and DM-ILD groups were 0.860, 0.851, respectively. Conclusions: Levels of CCL18 are elevated in BALF of CTD-ILD patients, and may be correlated with the severity and prognosis during hospitalization. CCL18 might be served as an indicator of the severity and prognosis of CTD-ILD.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Dermatomiosite , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Quimiocinas , Quimiocinas CC , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/metabolismo , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia
5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 115-124, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31573469

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Nintedanib is approved for the treatment of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) and was demonstrated to slow disease progression in patients with IPF by reducing decline in forced vital capacity by 50%. Recently, nintedanib has been reported to exert anti-fibrotic activity on systemic sclerosis (scleroderma, SSc) skin fibroblasts and to diminish skin and lung fibrosis in mouse models. The goal of the present study was to determine the effects of nintedanib on a cellular model of SSc-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: Study was performed using lung fibroblasts (LF) isolated from five patients with SSc-ILD and from three control subjects. RESULTS: Nintedanib inhibited LF proliferation and migration in a concentration- and time-dependent manner. The proliferation rate of LF stimulated with PDGF in the presence of nintedanib was reduced 1.9-fold within 24 h as compared to cells stimulated with PDGF alone. Migration of SSc-ILD LF incubated with 100 nM nintedanib was reduced from 62.8±12.5% to 39.1±9.0% in the presence of PDGF and from 38.2±7.9% to 26.6±7.2% in serum-free medium. Nintedanib attenuated PDGF-induced Ca2+ efflux, reduced α-SMA promoter activity and α-SMA protein expression. Furthermore, nintedanib blocked PDGF-induced differentiation of normal LF to myofibroblasts, reduced production of collagen and fibronectin, and decreased contractility of SSc-ILD LF in both floating and fixed collagen gels. CONCLUSIONS: Our data demonstrate significant antifibrotic efficacy of nintedanib in SSc-ILD LF suggesting that nintedanib has the potential not only to prevent but also to reverse the increased activity of LF consequently attenuating excessive lung fibrosis observed in SSc-ILD.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Células Cultivadas , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/etiologia , Pulmão/citologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/complicações
6.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(10): 765-770, 2019 Oct 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594111

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical significance of detection of myositis-specific antibodies (MSAs) and myositis-associated antibodies (MAAs) in patients with connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung diseases (CTD-ILD). Methods: Serum samples of 120 patients with CTD-ILD admitted to the Department of Respiratory, Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical College from December 2016 to April 2018 were collected for analysis. The patients included 45 with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM), 36 with Sjogren's syndrome (SS) and 39 with undifferentiated connective tissue disease (UCTD). There were 37 males and 83 females with an average age of (56±11) years. Thirty-two patients with non-CTD-ILD, 10 males and 22 females with an average age of (42±17) years, were enrolled as the control group. Euroline Autoimmune Inflammatory Myopathies 16 Ag kit was used for detecting MSAs and MAAs, and the positive rates of serum MSAs and MAAs were calculated. The antibody distribution and clinical characteristics of different groups were analyzed and compared. Results: Eighty-nine of the 120 patients with CTD-ILD were positive for MSA and/or MAA (74.2%), and the detection rates of MSAs and MAAs were 52.5% (63/120) and 61.7% (74/120) respectively. No myositis antibody was detected in the non-CTD-ILD group. The detection rates of MSAs in PM/DM-ILD group, SS-ILD group and UCTD-ILD group were 75.6% (34/45), 33.3%(12/36) and 43.6%(17/39) respectively. The total detection rate of MSAs in PM/DM group was significantly higher than that in SS group and UCTD group (χ(2)=14.53, 8.95, 0.01). The anti-ARS was the most frequent (50/120, 41.7%). The positive rates of MAAs in the three groups were 64.4%(29/45), 77.8%(28/36), 43.6%(17/39) respectively, and anti-Ro-52 accounted for 60%(72/120), and were highly correlated with MSAs such as anti-Jo-1 antibodies. Conclusion: Myositis antibody profiling should be performed in patients with ILD who were negative for conventional autoimmune antibody testing and had no CTD. In patients with SS-ILD and UCTD-ILD, the myositis antibody spectrum could detect the presence of myositis-specific antibodies and myositis-related antibodies in some patients, and its role in clinical diagnosis and treatment needed further observation.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Miosite/imunologia , Polimiosite/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/sangue , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Dermatomiosite/complicações , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miosite/sangue , Miosite/diagnóstico , Miosite/epidemiologia , Polimiosite/complicações , Polimiosite/epidemiologia , Testes Sorológicos
8.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5725-5731, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570474

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: In lung cancer (LC) patients, pre-existing interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a risk of chemotherapy-associated acute exacerbation of ILD (AE-ILD). AE-ILD shows a diverse clinical course varying from fatal respiratory failure to asymptomatic event, and the prognostic impact is still unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated the association between the prognosis and AE-ILD in 86 LC patients with pre-existing ILD who were treated with cytotoxic chemotherapy, especially focusing on histological types of LC. RESULTS: Thirty (34.9%) patients had AE-ILD, that was significantly associated with a poor prognosis in LC patients with ILD. When analyzed by histological types, a significant association of AE-ILD with shorter survival was observed only in the small cell LC (SCLC) group, but not in the non-small cell LC group. CONCLUSION: The development of AE-ILD by cytotoxic chemotherapy is associated with poor prognosis in LC patients with ILD, especially in patients with SCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/mortalidade , Idoso , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Carcinoma de Pequenas Células do Pulmão/patologia
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17088, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567944

RESUMO

An international consensus for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients at risk of developing interstitial lung disease (ILD) is still lacking. The aims of study were to evaluate: the prevalence of ILD involvement in RA over high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT); the relationships between pulmonary function tests (PFTs), patient-centered measurements, and ILD; and the potential risk factors contributing to RA-ILD patients.Data regarding the clinical characteristics (age, sex, age at onset of RA), laboratory findings (rheumatoid factor [RF] and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies [ACPA]), respiratory functional assessment (forced vital capacity [FVC] and carbon monoxide diffusion capacity [DLCO]), patient-centred measures of dyspnea (PCMD), Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and HRCT have collected retrospectively. HRCT abnormalities were evaluated using a conventional visual reader-based score (CoVR) and a computer-aided method (CaM). The relationships between the 2 HRCT scores-PFTs and PCMD-were calculated using Pearson correlation. The area under the receiving-operating characteristic (AUC-ROC) curve was calculated to determine the discriminatory performance of measurements between patients with and without ILD. The multivariate regression model was used to evaluate the association force between ILD and RA characteristics.In all, 151 patients (45 males and 106 females, mean age 53.4 ±â€Š7.6 years) were included. ILD had been detected in 29 patients out of 151 (19.2%). Usual interstitial pneumonia was the most common HRCT. RA-ILD patients were older, and older at RA onset (both P < .01), with a higher HAQ-DI (P < .05) than patients without ILD. ACPA positivity and titer were higher in the RA-ILD group (P = .02). Extent and severity of ILD, and total CoVR and CaM score closely related to DLCO and PCMD (both P < .0001). A reduced DLCO was the most sensitive test for predicting the presence of ILD on HRCT (AUC-ROC 0.811 ±â€Š0.037). Advanced age (P < .0001), age at RA onset (P = .025), ACPA titer (P = .004), and smoking (P = .008) were independent explanatory variables of HRCT damage in multivariate analysis.The RA-ILD is associated with age and older age of RA onset, smoking, and ACPA titer. DLCO seems to be the most sensitive parameter to predict ILD on HRCT, followed by PCMD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Curva ROC , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
14.
Orthopade ; 48(11): 942-948, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to the broad range of diagnostic and therapeutic aspects with an increased risk of mortality, lung manifestations of rheumatic diseases are an exciting and important field in the clinical routine of pulmonologists and rheumatologists. OBJECTIVE: Discussion of different presentations in the lung, diagnostics and management of lung manifestation associated with rheumatic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Analysis and presentation of current literature on the subject. RESULTS: The manuscript presents forms of lung involvement associated with rheumatic diseases, in particular the connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease. Considering the negative impact on survival, rapid and adequate diagnosis is of great importance. In the case of a known underlying rheumatic disease, histological confirmation of interstitial changes is not always necessary. In addition to the patient's history, pulmonary function testing and diagnostic imaging with high-resolution CT-scan (HR-CT) are cornerstones of the diagnostic process. The final diagnosis and therapeutic approach should be determined by a multidisciplinary discussion process. The basis of the treatment is immunosuppressants, however the use antifibrotic drugs is currently under investigation in clinical trials. In the case of advanced lung disease, lung transplantation should be evaluated promptly. CONCLUSION: In the case of pulmonary involvement with rheumatic disease, the teamwork of pulmonologists, rheumatologists and radiologists is of particular importance.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Doenças Reumáticas , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Pneumologia , Reumatologistas
16.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 37 Suppl 119(4): 49-56, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31498073

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: PROMIS-29 is a generic health-related quality of life instrument. Our objective was to assess the reliability, construct validity, and responsiveness to change of PROMIS-29 in systemic sclerosis-associated interstitial lung disease (SSc-ILD). METHODS: Seventy-three participants with SSc-ILD were administered patient reported outcomes (PROs) at baseline and follow-up visits which included PROMIS-29 and other measures of generic health, dyspnea, and cough instruments. We assessed internal consistency reliability using Cronbach's α, an alpha of ≥ 0.70 was considered satisfactory. We assessed the responsiveness to change using linear regression models. RESULTS: Mean age of the participants was 51.9 years and the mean disease duration was 7.9 years after first non-Raynaud's symptom. Of the 73 participants, 56.2% were classified as diffuse SSc and 26% limited SSc. The baseline (mean ± SD) FVC % predicted was 73.9±15.5 with a DLCO % predicted of 57.7±21.1; 95.9% had fibrotic NSIP pattern on HRCT. PROMIS-29 scores were 0.2 to 0.9 SD below the US population. Cronbach's α reliability was acceptable for all domains (ranged from 0.77 to 0.98). All scales showed statistically significant correlations with hypothesised PROMIS-29 domains (p≤0.05 for all comparisons). PROMIS-29 showed none-to-small discriminatory ability in comparison with physiologic measures (FVC and DLCO). There was no significant relationship between the change in FVC versus the change in PROMIS-29 measures over time. CONCLUSIONS: PROMIS-29 has adequate reliability and construct validity for evaluation in SSc-ILD. It has moderate-to-large correlations with other PROs. The PROMIS-29 domains were not found to change over time in this cohort, likely due to stable nature of the observational cohort.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Dispneia , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/psicologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Escleroderma Sistêmico/psicologia
17.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 67(8): 26-30, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31562712

RESUMO

Background: : Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a demyelinating disease of skin, subcutaneous tissue, muscles and internal organs, with fibrosis as an important pathological event. Aim: : To understand cytokine interplay of IL-1ß, IL-4 and IL-6 and their association with disease activity in treatment naïve active cases of systemic sclerosis from Western India. Methods: Twenty-five SSc patients as per ACR-EULAR 2013 criteria (classified based on pulmonary fibrosis and generalized fibrosis) and 25 age-sex matched controls were enrolled. Serum cytokine levels of IL-1ß, IL-4 and IL-6 were assessed by multiplex bead based immunoassay. Results: Ten patients had Interstitial lung disease (ILD), whereas, 16 patients had generalized fibrosis. Anti-nuclear antibodies were seen in 22 patients (88%); antiScl70 in 15 patients (60%) and anti-Centromere antibodies in 5 patients (20%). Serum levels of IL-1ß in patients were significantly higher than healthy controls (p=0.0006). IL-4 levels in all SSc patients were marginally raised (p=0.0102), while IL-6 levels were significantly raised (p<0.0001). IL-4 was found to be significantly raised in SSc patients with ILD (p=0.021) as compared to patients without ILD. IL-1ß (p=0.0293) and IL-4 (p<0.0001) were significantly higher in SSc patients with fibrosis. On the contrary, IL-6 levels in patients with fibrosis were found to be lower than in patients without fibrosis. Conclusion: Significantly raised cytokine levels among treatment naïve systemic sclerosis patients were found to be associated with higher disease severity in our study. Higher levels of IL-1ß and IL-6 indicated an active inflammatory status, whereas significantly raised IL-4 levels indicated at higher fibrotic activity.


Assuntos
Citocinas/metabolismo , Fibrose , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Humanos , Índia
19.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 42(9): 700-704, 2019 Sep 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484245

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the effect of pirfenidone in fibrotic interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) after treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of 2 adult patients with IPAF in the Peking Union Medical College Hospital. As their fibrotic interstitial lung disease failed to improve with further treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants, they were treated with pirfenidone based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. Their clinical, chest radiological data and prognosis were collected and relevant literatures were reviewed. Results: One patient was a 43 year old female, the other was a 53 year old male. IPAF was diagnosed with their classic clinical, serological and radiological features. They were partially responded to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants at the initial period. Pirfenidone was suggested for them as their lung fibrosis was not improved further with immunosuppressive therapy. After 4-5 months treatment with pirfenidone, based on corticosteroids and immunosuppressant administration, their clinical and radiological manifestations improved significantly. Conclusions: Pirfenidone might be a good add-on choice for fibrotic IPAF when the disease did not respond well to corticosteroids and immunosuppressants.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Dermatol ; 46(10): 886-897, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31418479

RESUMO

Patients with dermatomyositis positive for anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase (ARS) antibodies, also known as antisynthetase syndrome (ASS), frequently present with mechanic's hand and interstitial lung disease (ILD). We first screened the antibody profiles of 59 patients with dermatomyositis, and then examined the cutaneous, muscular and pulmonary manifestations characteristic for patients with ASS. The anti-ARS antibodies Jo-1, PL-7, PL-12, EJ and KS, along with antibodies to TIF1-γ, MDA5 and Mi-2, were examined. Among the 59 patients, 20, 21, 15 and three patients were classified into the ASS, non-ASS, myositis-specific antibody-negative and unknown groups, respectively. Five of 16 patients (31%) with ASS had six relatives with a history of collagen diseases, within the second degree of relationship, including two cases of dermatomyositis (vs the non-ASS group, P = 0.018). Patients with ASS more frequently presented with fever and arthralgia, and had elevated levels of C-reactive protein. Nine of the 11 finger lesions (82%) clinically diagnosed as mechanic's hands showed a psoriasiform tissue reaction. ILD was observed in 19 of 20 patients (95%) with ASS, and eight of 21 patients (38%) in the non-ASS group, in which six patients possessed anti-MDA5 antibody. Patients with ASS showed higher serum levels of muscle enzymes, and four of 12 patients (33%) had fasciitis-dominant myopathy, while only one of 11 patients (9%) in the non-ASS group had fasciitis-dominant myopathy. Patients with ASS often present with a psoriasiform tissue reaction in the hand lesions and fasciitis-dominant myopathy, and the relatives of those with ASS are at high risk for collagen diseases.


Assuntos
Aminoacil-tRNA Sintetases/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Dermatomiosite/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Miosite/diagnóstico , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Dermatomiosite/imunologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/diagnóstico por imagem , Miosite/sangue , Miosite/imunologia , Psoríase/sangue , Psoríase/imunologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
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