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1.
Pathologe ; 41(1): 46-51, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31993696

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) plays a special role within the group of interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) due to its inexorable progression and its specific medical treatment. With a median survival of only 2-3 years from the time of diagnosis, the prognosis is worse than many carcinomas.In contrast to other ILDs, IPF does not respond to anti-inflammatory treatment with corticosteroids but rather demands a specific medical therapy. Even though this cannot cure the disease, it can prolong survival. Lung transplantation is the only cure for progressive lung fibrosis. The clinical course is individual and difficult to predict. Acute exacerbations accelerate the clinical course and lead to high mortality.The underlying pathomechanisms of IPF, with its complex immunological and inflammatory processes and external impacts, have been the focus of recent research. Lifestyle and environmental influences are held responsible for much of its natural history. Smoking, pneumotoxic medications, and inhalation of dusts are well-known risk factors. Likewise, genetic and hereditary factors play a crucial role.This short review focuses on the peculiarities of IPF within the group of ILDs, especially in relation to its underlying mechanisms and clinical progression.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/etiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco
2.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0226084, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929532

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To conduct a meta-analysis to determine specific computed tomography (CT) patterns and clinical features that discriminate between nonspecific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP) and usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed/Medline and Embase databases were searched for studies describing the radiological patterns of UIP and NSIP in chest CT images. Only studies involving histologically confirmed diagnoses and a consensus diagnosis by an interstitial lung disease (ILD) board were included in this analysis. The radiological patterns and patient demographics were extracted from suitable articles. We used random-effects meta-analysis by DerSimonian & Laird and calculated pooled odds ratios for binary data and pooled mean differences for continuous data. RESULTS: Of the 794 search results, 33 articles describing 2,318 patients met the inclusion criteria. Twelve of these studies included both NSIP (338 patients) and UIP (447 patients). NSIP-patients were significantly younger (NSIP: median age 54.8 years, UIP: 59.7 years; mean difference (MD) -4.4; p = 0.001; 95% CI: -6.97 to -1.77), less often male (NSIP: median 52.8%, UIP: 73.6%; pooled odds ratio (OR) 0.32; p<0.001; 95% CI: 0.17 to 0.60), and less often smokers (NSIP: median 55.1%, UIP: 73.9%; OR 0.42; p = 0.005; 95% CI: 0.23 to 0.77) than patients with UIP. The CT findings from patients with NSIP revealed significantly lower levels of the honeycombing pattern (NSIP: median 28.9%, UIP: 73.4%; OR 0.07; p<0.001; 95% CI: 0.02 to 0.30) with less peripheral predominance (NSIP: median 41.8%, UIP: 83.3%; OR 0.21; p<0.001; 95% CI: 0.11 to 0.38) and more subpleural sparing (NSIP: median 40.7%, UIP: 4.3%; OR 16.3; p = 0.005; 95% CI: 2.28 to 117). CONCLUSION: Honeycombing with a peripheral predominance was significantly associated with a diagnosis of UIP. The NSIP pattern showed more subpleural sparing. The UIP pattern was predominantly observed in elderly males with a history of smoking, whereas NSIP occurred in a younger patient population.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Fatores Etários , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Pulmão/fisiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
3.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(2): 102447, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31843713

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence, clinical presentation, serological and morphological features of, and therapeutic options for Interstitial Lung Disease (ILD) in primary Sjögren's Syndrome (pSS). METHODS: Pubmed was searched between February 1996 and December 2018 using a combination of MESH terms related to pSS and ILD. Selected works were subjected to blind evaluation by two authors and a senior author in case of disagreement. The work followed PRISMA guidelines and was registered on PROSPERO (CRD42018118669). RESULTS: About 20% of pSS patients have ILD, with a 5-y survival of 84% and a need for supplemental oxygen in the 11-33% range. A significant proportion of ILD patients are seronegative without sicca syndrome. ILD seems to be associated with higher levels of Lactic Dehydrogenases and positivity for Anti-Ro52k. The prevalent pattern in High Resolution Computed Tomography is Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP), but all other patterns can be present. No difference in mortality was found between patients with NSIP and Usual Interstitial Pneumonia patterns. Amyloidosis and primary lung lymphoma can be observed in about 10% of pSS patients. CONCLUSION: The recognition of pSS underlying an ILD can be challenging in seronegative patients with no or mild sicca symptoms. A complete diagnostic assessment, including minor salivary glands and, in some cases, lung biopsy, should be performed on all patients at risk. A better recognition of the clinical or serological markers of ILD progression in these patients is warranted to drive the physicians to an early diagnosis and an effective treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Síndrome de Sjogren/complicações , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Reumatologia , Sociedades Médicas
5.
Cancer Sci ; 110(12): 3738-3745, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608537

RESUMO

The prognosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) is poor, and 5%-20% of those receiving chemotherapy experience ILD exacerbation. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of nab-paclitaxel plus carboplatin for NSCLC patients with ILD, we undertook a multicenter phase II study. Chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced NSCLC and mild or moderate ILD received nab-paclitaxel (100 mg/m2 , days 1, 8, and 15) plus carboplatin (area under the curve = 6, day 1) every 3 weeks for 4 cycles (maximum, 6 cycles). Interstitial lung diseases were diagnosed based on criteria for fibrosing interstitial pneumonia. The primary endpoint was the prevalence of exacerbation-free ILD 28 days after completion of protocol treatment. Secondary endpoints were response rate, progression-free survival, overall survival, prevalence of exacerbation-free ILD, and toxicity. Ninety-four patients were enrolled, and 92 patients received any protocol treatment. Median age was 70 years, and 58% had nonsquamous histology. In the primary analysis, the prevalence of exacerbation-free ILD 28 days after protocol treatment was 95.7% (88/92; 90% confidence interval, 90.3-98.5), which met the primary endpoint. Response rate was 51% (95% confidence interval, 40%-62%). At the time of data cut-off, median progression-free survival was 6.2 months, and median overall survival was 15.4 months. The most common grade 3/4 adverse events were neutropenia (75%), leukopenia (53%), anemia (48%), and thrombocytopenia (20%). Two treatment-related deaths (1 each of pulmonary infection and ILD exacerbation) were observed. This study showed that a combination of nab-paclitaxel with carboplatin was tolerable in NSCLC patients with mild or moderate ILD in terms of safety. This study is registered at the University Hospital Medical Information Network (UMIN) Clinical Trial Registry (UMIN 000012989).


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Albuminas/administração & dosagem , Albuminas/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Carboplatina/administração & dosagem , Carboplatina/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paclitaxel/administração & dosagem , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos
6.
Neurology ; 93(19): e1768-e1777, 2019 11 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594859

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To define the clinical phenotype of dermatomyositis (DM) with anti-Mi2 autoantibodies. METHODS: In this longitudinal cohort study, the prevalence and severity of clinical features at disease onset and during follow-up in patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM were compared to patients with anti-Mi2-negative DM, antisynthetase syndrome (AS), and immune-mediated necrotizing myopathy (IMNM). Longitudinal anti-Mi2 autoantibody titers were assessed. RESULTS: A total of 58 patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM, 143 patients with anti-Mi2-negative DM, 162 patients with AS, and 170 patients with IMNM were included. Among patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM, muscle weakness was present in 60% at disease onset and occurred in 98% during longitudinal follow-up; fewer patients with anti-Mi2-negative DM developed weakness (85%; p = 0.008). Patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM were weaker and had higher creatine kinase (CK) levels than patients with anti-Mi2-negative DM or patients with AS. Muscle biopsies from patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM had prominent necrosis. Anti-Mi2 autoantibody levels correlated with CK levels and strength (p < 0.001). With treatment, most patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM had improved strength and CK levels; among 10 with multiple serum samples collected over 4 or more years, anti-Mi2 autoantibody titers declined in all and normalized in 3, 2 of whom stopped immunosuppressant treatment and never relapsed. Patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM had less calcinosis (9% vs 28%; p = 0.003), interstitial lung disease (5% vs 16%; p = 0.04), and fever (7% vs 21%; p = 0.02) than did patients with anti-Mi2-negative DM. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with anti-Mi2-positive DM have more severe muscle disease than patients with anti-Mi2-negative DM or patients with AS. Anti-Mi2 autoantibody levels correlate with disease severity and may normalize in patients who enter remission.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Calcinose/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/imunologia , Febre/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Complexo Mi-2 de Remodelação de Nucleossomo e Desacetilase/imunologia , Debilidade Muscular/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Dermatomiosite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Debilidade Muscular/fisiopatologia , Miosite/imunologia , Miosite/fisiopatologia , Necrose , Fenótipo , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17088, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567944

RESUMO

An international consensus for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients at risk of developing interstitial lung disease (ILD) is still lacking. The aims of study were to evaluate: the prevalence of ILD involvement in RA over high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT); the relationships between pulmonary function tests (PFTs), patient-centered measurements, and ILD; and the potential risk factors contributing to RA-ILD patients.Data regarding the clinical characteristics (age, sex, age at onset of RA), laboratory findings (rheumatoid factor [RF] and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies [ACPA]), respiratory functional assessment (forced vital capacity [FVC] and carbon monoxide diffusion capacity [DLCO]), patient-centred measures of dyspnea (PCMD), Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ-DI), and HRCT have collected retrospectively. HRCT abnormalities were evaluated using a conventional visual reader-based score (CoVR) and a computer-aided method (CaM). The relationships between the 2 HRCT scores-PFTs and PCMD-were calculated using Pearson correlation. The area under the receiving-operating characteristic (AUC-ROC) curve was calculated to determine the discriminatory performance of measurements between patients with and without ILD. The multivariate regression model was used to evaluate the association force between ILD and RA characteristics.In all, 151 patients (45 males and 106 females, mean age 53.4 ±â€Š7.6 years) were included. ILD had been detected in 29 patients out of 151 (19.2%). Usual interstitial pneumonia was the most common HRCT. RA-ILD patients were older, and older at RA onset (both P < .01), with a higher HAQ-DI (P < .05) than patients without ILD. ACPA positivity and titer were higher in the RA-ILD group (P = .02). Extent and severity of ILD, and total CoVR and CaM score closely related to DLCO and PCMD (both P < .0001). A reduced DLCO was the most sensitive test for predicting the presence of ILD on HRCT (AUC-ROC 0.811 ±â€Š0.037). Advanced age (P < .0001), age at RA onset (P = .025), ACPA titer (P = .004), and smoking (P = .008) were independent explanatory variables of HRCT damage in multivariate analysis.The RA-ILD is associated with age and older age of RA onset, smoking, and ACPA titer. DLCO seems to be the most sensitive parameter to predict ILD on HRCT, followed by PCMD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Curva ROC , Testes de Função Respiratória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 7763-7769, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618191

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Pulmonary hypertension is a common complication of interstitial lung disease. This study was conducted to retrospectively analyze the incidence of pulmonary hypertension among interstitial lung disease patients and the correlation between systolic pulmonary artery pressure (PASP) and pulmonary functions. We also intended to investigate whether antinuclear antibody (ANA) could be an effective indicator of pulmonary hypertension. MATERIAL AND METHODS There were 182 patients diagnosed with interstitial lung disease through high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Pulmonary hypertension was defined as an increase of mean pulmonary arterial pressure (PAPm) ≥25 mmHg (~PASP ≥40 mmHg) at rest. Severe pulmonary hypertension was defined as PAPm ≥35 mmHg. There were 104 cases including in this study. There were 67 cases from the ANA positive (ANA+) group and 37 cases from the ANA negative (ANA-) group. All study patients had pulmonary function tests, which included the measurements of maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV), residual volume (RV), total lung capacity (TLC), forced expiratory volume (FVC), vital capacity (VC), and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO). RESULTS The pulmonary hypertension incidence in the study cohort was 25%, and the severe pulmonary hypertension incidence was 6.48%. The incidence of pulmonary hypertension in ANA+ cases was 22.22%. The incidence of pulmonary hypertension in the ANA- cases was 32.14%. The lung function test results showed moderate relationships between DLCO, FVC%, VC%, and PASP; no relationship between MVV, FEV1/FVC%, RV/TLC, and PASP; minimum relationship between FVC%, VC%, and PASP in the ANA+ group; and moderate relationship between FVC%, VC%, and PASP in the ANA- group. CONCLUSIONS Pulmonary hypertension occurred in 25% of the 182 interstitial lung disease patients and was negatively associated with deteriorated lung functions (specifically VC%, FVC%, and DLCO parameters). ANA level was not associated with the prognosis of pulmonary hypertension of patients with interstitial lung disease, and it did not significantly affect the correlation between PASP and pulmonary functions. Thus, ANA level did not seem to be a necessary indicator of pulmonary hypertension, and a more effective treatment method for pulmonary hypertension of patients with interstitial lung disease is urgently needed.


Assuntos
Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Idoso , Anticorpos Antinucleares/análise , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Volume Expiratório Forçado , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/sangue , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes de Função Respiratória/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Capacidade Vital
9.
Int J Rheum Dis ; 22(9): 1741-1745, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31328423

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbation (AE) of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is associated with high mortality, but there is limited clinical data on AE of interstitial lung disease (ILD) in connective tissue disease-associated ILD (CTD ILD). The present study was conducted to provide prevalence and clinical features of AE, as well as various risk factors associated with mortality among AE CTD ILD patients. METHODS: Between May 2013 and April 2018, 15 patients who developed AE among 105 consecutive patients with CTD with chronic ILD were included. AE was defined using the criteria recently proposed by the IPF net, with slight modification for adaptation to CVD-IP6 (collagen vascular disease-associated interstitial pneumonia), and patients having CTD with AE met all the criteria. RESULTS: Fifteen patients with mean age of 45.8 ± 13.9 years developed AE; the most common subgroup (n = 5, 33%) was systemic sclerosis. The mean duration (months) between diagnosis of ILD and AE was 56.5 ± 38.0 with mean follow-up duration of 24 ± 18.1 months. The baseline arterial oxygen pressure (PaO2 ) was 81.7 ± 8.1 mm Hg and mean forced vital capacity (%) was 57.9 ± 8.9. Five patients requiring mechanical ventilation died. Patients with shorter duration (months) of disease between onset of ILD to AE had higher mortality, 40.4 ± 45.1 vs 64.6 ± 33.6. Those who had significantly lower baseline PaO2 (mean ± SD), 72.6 ± 3.4 vs 86.2 ± 5.3 mm Hg (P = .002) had higher mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In our study, the majority of patients with AE CTD ILD had systemic sclerosis. Patients with lower baseline PaO2 and those requiring mechanical ventilation had higher mortality.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Adulto , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/mortalidade , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/mortalidade , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Índia/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Respiração Artificial , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
10.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2884-2893, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31265163

RESUMO

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are the standard of care for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients harboring EGFR mutations. However, almost all patients develop resistance after approximately 1 y of treatment, with >50% of cases due to the T790M secondary mutation of the EGFR gene. A large global Phase III study (AURA3) demonstrated that osimertinib significantly prolonged progression-free survival (PFS) over platinum-doublet chemotherapy in patients with T790M-positive NSCLC who had progressed on previous EGFR-TKI therapy. However, it is not clear whether efficacy or safety of osimertinib in Japanese patients is similar to the overall population. We report a pre-planned subgroup analysis of pooled Phase II data from the AURA Extension and AURA2 trials to investigate the efficacy and safety of osimertinib in Japanese patients. This study included 81 Japanese patients. Patients were administered 80 mg osimertinib orally once daily until disease progression. The main endpoints were objective response rate (ORR), PFS, and safety. The ORR was 63.6% and median PFS was 13.8 mo. Overall survival rate at 36 mo was 54.0%. The most common all-cause adverse events (AEs) were rash (grouped term; 65.4%), diarrhea (51.9%), paronychia (grouped term; 49.4%), and dry skin (grouped term; 39.5%). Most AEs were grade 1-2. Five patients (6.2%) developed interstitial lung disease, resulting in two deaths (2.5%). Osimertinib demonstrated favorable ORR and PFS in Japanese patients, similar to the overall population. Additionally, osimertinib has good efficacy and a manageable safety profile in Japanese patients with NSCLC who had acquired resistance due to the T790M mutation.


Assuntos
Acrilamidas/administração & dosagem , Compostos de Anilina/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Acrilamidas/efeitos adversos , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Compostos de Anilina/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Diarreia/induzido quimicamente , Diarreia/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Exantema/induzido quimicamente , Exantema/epidemiologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Paroniquia/induzido quimicamente , Paroniquia/epidemiologia , Intervalo Livre de Progressão , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxa de Sobrevida
11.
Respir Res ; 20(1): 140, 2019 Jul 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bronchoscopic cryobiopsy is a new method of bronchoscopic tissue sampling in interstitial lung disease. In case of transbronchial biopsies, the resultant tissue samples are of high quality, and the lung parenchyma seen in the samples is adequate for a histological diagnosis in most cases. Bleeding after transbronchial biopsy is the most important procedure- associated complication and may be life threatening. This study addresses the risk of bleeding of transbronchial cryobiopsy. METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, controlled multicentre study 359 patients with interstitial lung disease requiring diagnostic bronchoscopic tissue sampling were included. Both conventional transbronchial forceps biopsy and transbronchial cryobiopsy were undertaken in each patient. The sequence of the procedures was randomized. Bleeding severity was evaluated semi-quantitatively as "no bleeding", "mild" (suction alone), "moderate" (additional intervention) or "severe" (prolonged monitoring necessary or fatal outcome), for each intervention. RESULTS: In 359 patients atotal of 1160 cryobiopsies and 1302 forceps biopsies were performed. Bleeding was observed after forceps biopsy in 173 patients (48.2%) and after cryobiopsy in 261 patients (72.7%). Bleeding was significantly greater in the cryobiopsy group (cryobiopsy/forceps biopsy: no bleeding 27.3%/51.8%; mild 56.5%/44.0%; moderate 15.0%/4.2%; severe 1.2%/0%; p < 0.001). The rate of clinically relevant bleeding (moderate or severe) was higher after the cryobiopsy procedures compared to the forceps biopsies (16.2% vs. 4.2%, p < 0.05). No fatal bleeding complications occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Compared to transbronchial forceps biopsy, transbronchial cryobiopsy was associated with an increased risk of bleeding which is of clinical relevance. Therefore training and additional precautions for bleeding control should be considered. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The study was registered with clinicaltrials.gov ( NCT01894113 ).


Assuntos
Brônquios/patologia , Criocirurgia/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Biópsia/efeitos adversos , Biópsia/métodos , Estudos Cross-Over , Criocirurgia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(21): e15779, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31124970

RESUMO

To assess characteristics and outcomes of patients hospitalized with interstitial lung diseases (ILD) and to analyze patient's comorbidities, procedures, and in-hospital outcomes.We identified patients hospitalized with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and others ILD such as hypersensitivity pneumonitis, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, lymphangioleiomyomatosis, pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis, and sarcoidosis in Spain during 2014 and 2015.We identified 14,565 discharges among patients admitted for ILD in Spain during the study period: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) in 42.32% (n = 6164), sarcoidosis in 37.65% (n = 5484), hypersensitivity pneumonitis in 10.55% (n = 1538), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia in 7.06% (n = 1028), pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis in 1.48% (n = 215), and lymphangioleiomyomatosis in 0.94% (n = 136). The most common associated comorbidities according to those included in the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) were COPD, diabetes, and congestive heart disease. The presence of pulmonary hypertension increased the probability of dying in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (OR 1.36; 95%CI 1.06-1.73). Patients with cryptogenic organizing pneumonia had the longest length of hospital stay and the highest percentage of hospital readmissions (23.64%). The highest IHM corresponded to the idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (14.94%). Computed tomography of the chest was the procedure more used during admissions for ILD.IPF was responsible for larger percentage of hospital admission among ILD in our study. In addition, the IHM were higher in IPF patients in comparison with those with other ILD. The most common associated comorbidity in ILD according to those included in the CCI was COPD. Computed tomography of the chest was the procedure more frequently used.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/diagnóstico por imagem , Alveolite Alérgica Extrínseca/epidemiologia , Criança , Comorbidade , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/diagnóstico por imagem , Pneumonia em Organização Criptogênica/epidemiologia , Feminino , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/diagnóstico por imagem , Histiocitose de Células de Langerhans/epidemiologia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoidose/diagnóstico por imagem , Sarcoidose/epidemiologia , Espanha/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
13.
Intern Med ; 58(17): 2443-2449, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31118378

RESUMO

Objective Although rare, pulmonary tuberculosis occasionally develops in patients with interstitial pneumonia (IP). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinicoradiological features of pulmonary tuberculosis associated with IP. Methods In this retrospective, observational, single-center study, the medical charts, high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings, and bacteriological test results of patients with IP who also tested positive for Mycobacterium tuberculosis were reviewed. Patients The study included 20 patients with IP out of 329 who tested positive for M. tuberculosis in sputum or bronchoalveolar lavage fluid cultures at Toranomon Hospital between January 2006 and December 2017. Results The HRCT patterns were usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) in 11 patients and non-UIP in 9 patients. Consolidations (80%) were the most frequent HRCT findings, followed by cavities (60%) and nodules (45%), which are generally characteristic of pulmonary tuberculosis. Consolidations often developed in relation to fibrotic or emphysematous lesions. Tuberculosis lesions could not be identified in one patient. All patients were treated with anti-tuberculosis drugs according to WHO guidelines, and 13 patients achieved a WHO category of "Treatment success." No patient died of tuberculosis, and the median survival time for the 20 patients was 1,196 days. Conclusion Although the HRCT findings for pulmonary tuberculosis associated with IP are atypical, appropriate tuberculosis treatments can lead to favorable outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escarro/microbiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Tuberculose Pulmonar/patologia
14.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(9): 1472-1482, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30951251

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate rheumatoid arthritis (RA) disease activity and risk of RA-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD). METHODS: We investigated disease activity and risk of RA-ILD using the Brigham RA Sequential Study (BRASS, 2003-2016). All patients were diagnosed as having RA according to accepted criteria. Disease Activity Scores in 28 joints (DAS28) and covariate data were measured prospectively at annual study visits. Diagnosis of RA-ILD was determined by review of images from clinically indicated chest computed tomography scans. We analyzed patients without RA-ILD at baseline. We used Cox regression to estimate hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for RA-ILD, using annually updated DAS28 data, with adjustment for known RA-ILD risk factors (age, sex, smoking status, RA duration, and serologic status). We performed alternative analyses that did not censor at the time of missing DAS28 data and included adjustment for use of methotrexate, use of glucocorticoids, presence of bone erosions, and presence of rheumatoid nodules. RESULTS: Among 1,419 participants, the mean ± SD age was 55.8 ± 14.2 years, and 68.6% were seropositive for either cyclic citrullinated peptide or rheumatoid factor. We identified 85 incident cases of RA-ILD during a mean ± SD follow-up duration of 8.9 ± 4.2 years per patient. The moderate/high disease activity group had a multivariable HR of 2.22 (95% CI 1.28-3.82) for RA-ILD compared to the remission/low disease activity group. Risk of RA-ILD increased across disease activity categories: multivariable HR 1.00 (reference) for remission, 1.41 (95% CI 0.61-3.28) for low disease activity, 2.08 (95% CI 1.06-4.05) for moderate disease activity, and 3.48 (95% CI 1.64-7.38) for high disease activity (P for trend = 0.001). For each unit increase in the DAS28, the risk of RA-ILD increased by 35% (95% CI 14-60%). Results were similar in analyses that included follow-up for missing DAS28 data and with adjustment for use of methotrexate, use of glucocorticoids, presence of bone erosions, or presence of rheumatoid nodules. CONCLUSION: Active articular RA was associated with an increased risk of developing RA-ILD. These results suggest that decreasing systemic inflammation may alter the natural history of RA-ILD development.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Artrite Reumatoide/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Metotrexato/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Prospectivos , Indução de Remissão , Fatores de Risco
15.
Rev Mal Respir ; 36(4): 455-460, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31005425

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In the diagnostic approach to interstitial lung disease (ILD), the use of transbronchial cryobiopsy (TBC) may offer an alternative to surgical lung biopsy (SLB). We report the diagnostic effectiveness and the safety of TBC in ILD based on the preliminary experience in two French university centers. METHODS: Twenty four patients underwent TBC for the diagnosis of ILD in the operating room between 2014 and 2017. All the histological diagnoses obtained were then reviewed and validated during multidisciplinary discussions (MDD). RESULTS: Patients had an average of 3 TBC.TBC samples were analyzable in 22/24 (91.7%) patients. In these, samples allowed a histological diagnosis to be made in 14/22 (63.6%) patients and a diagnosis with certainty in 13/22 (59%) after MDD. The overall diagnostic yield from TBC was 13/24 (54.2%). Nine (37.5%) patients had a pneumothorax. Five (20.8%) patients had a bleeding. There were no deaths. Taking into account a possible initial learning curve and considering only the 15 patients who had their TBC after 2015, we note that a diagnosis could be made after MDD for 12 of them, that is, 80%. CONCLUSION: A prospective randomized study is needed to evaluate the technique in France in order to specify its diagnostic performance and its safety profile in comparison to SLB.


Assuntos
Broncoscopia/métodos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Pulmão/patologia , Idoso , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestesia Geral/métodos , Biópsia/efeitos adversos , Biópsia/métodos , Biópsia/estatística & dados numéricos , Broncoscopia/efeitos adversos , Broncoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Criobiologia/métodos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 72, 2019 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029113

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Riluzole is the only approved oral drug for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We performed a retrospective study including ALS patients treated with riluzole, focusing on adverse events. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with ALS according to the revised El Escorial criteria (World Federation of Neurology) in our center and who were administered 50 mg oral riluzole twice daily between January 2011 and September 2017 and followed up for at least 6 months from treatment initiation or until death were included. Data regarding sex, age, disease type, initial symptoms, biochemical analyses performed before and after riluzole administration, and medical history were collected. In case of withdrawal, cause of discontinuation and durations of disease and drug administration were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 92 cases were enrolled. Riluzole administration was discontinued in 20 cases (21.7%). The most frequent reason for discontinuation was elevated liver enzymes (n = 5, 5.4%), followed interstitial pneumonia (IP), nausea and appetite loss, dizziness, general malaise, tongue paresthesia, and urinary urgency. In two cases, administration was discontinued primarily because of progression of bulbar palsy. All adverse events occurred within 6 months from treatment initiation and improved soon after its discontinuation. Three IP cases developed severe respiratory failure and required steroid treatment. CONCLUSION: Riluzole administration was discontinued in 20 cases among total of 92 cases. Careful follow-up is important for the first six months after the initiation of riluzole administration, including through interviews, chemical analyses, and chest X-rays, as required.


Assuntos
Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/tratamento farmacológico , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/efeitos adversos , Riluzol/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/etiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/induzido quimicamente , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
17.
Rev Mal Respir ; 36(4): 508-518, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006579

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In 2015, the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation (ISHLT) published a consensus document for the selection of lung transplant candidates. In the absence of recent French recommendations, this guideline is useful in order to send lung transplant candidates to the transplantation centers and to list them for lung transplantation at the right time. BACKGROUND: The main indications for lung transplantation in adults are COPD and emphysema, idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and interstitial diseases, cystic fibrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). The specific indications for each underlying disease as well as the general contraindications have been reviewed in 2015 by the ISHLT. For cystic fibrosis, the main factors are forced expiratory volume in one second, 6-MWD, PAH and clinical deterioration characterized by increased frequency of exacerbations; for emphysema progressive disease, the BODE score, hypercapnia and FEV1; for PAH progressive disease or the need of specific intravenous therapy and NYHA classification. Finally, the diagnosis of fibrosing interstitial lung disease is usually a sufficient indication for lung transplantation assessment. OUTLOOK AND CONCLUSION: These new recommendations, close to French practices, help clinicians to find the right time for referral of patients to transplantation centers. This is crucial for the prognosis of lung transplantation.


Assuntos
Transplante de Pulmão/métodos , Seleção de Pacientes , Adulto , Contraindicações , Fibrose Cística/epidemiologia , Fibrose Cística/terapia , França/epidemiologia , Transplante de Coração-Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Coração-Pulmão/métodos , Transplante de Coração-Pulmão/normas , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/terapia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/epidemiologia , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/terapia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/terapia , Transplante de Pulmão/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Pulmão/normas , Transplante de Pulmão/estatística & dados numéricos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/epidemiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/terapia , Enfisema Pulmonar/epidemiologia , Enfisema Pulmonar/terapia
18.
Z Rheumatol ; 78(3): 228-235, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30887119

RESUMO

Pulmonary involvement in patients with rheumatoid arthritis, in particular interstitial lung diseases (RA-ILD) is of great clinical importance. Patients should be asked about symptoms of pulmonary involvement and the lungs should be clinically examined even during the diagnostic procedure and regularly during the course of the disease. Before initiation of a basic pharmacological treatment an X­ray examination of thoracic organs is obligatory. In cases of conspicuous clinical or radiological findings, extended diagnostic procedures with lung function testing (body plethysmography with diffusion measurement) and high resolution computed tomography (CT) should be performed, depending on the findings. The differential diagnosis of interstitial lung alterations in patients with RA is broad and should consider side effects of the basis medication in addition to infectious causes. The optimal pharmacological treatment of RA-ILD is not sufficiently clarified. The value of methotrexate (MTX) has changed because, in contrast to previous assumptions, a better course could be observed under MTX treatment, at least in mild to moderate courses of RA-ILD. In the case of a clinically relevant RA-ILD, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) blockers should be avoided because a dramatic deterioration of pulmonary function has sometimes been observed. Among biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARD), rituximab and abatacept are currently preferred. The role of Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors in RA-ILD is currently being discussed but limited data are available. Patients with RA-ILD benefit from a close collaboration between pulmonologists and rheumatologists.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos , Artrite Reumatoide , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Abatacepte , Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Metotrexato
19.
JAMA Pediatr ; 173(5): e190081, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882883

RESUMO

Importance: Studies demonstrating improved survival after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant generally exclude infants. Objective: To analyze overall survival trends and other outcomes among infants who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this cohort study, we used time-trend analysis to evaluate 3 periods: 2000 through 2004, 2005 through 2009, and 2010 through 2014. The study was conducted in a multicenter setting through the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research, which is made up of a voluntary working group of more than 450 transplant centers worldwide. Two groups of infants aged 1 year or younger in 2 cohorts were included: those with malignant conditions, such as leukemia, and those with nonmalignant disorders, including immunodeficiencies. Data analysis was conducted from July 2017 to December 2018. Exposures: Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant. Main Outcomes and Measures: Survival trends, disease relapse, and toxicity. Results: A total of 2498 infants with a median age of 7 months (range, <1-12 months) were included. In the nonmalignant cohort (n = 472), survival rates improved from the first to the second period (hazard ratio, 0.77 [95% CI, 0.63-0.93]; P = .007) but did not change after 2004. Compared with infants with nonmalignant diseases (n = 2026; 3-year overall survival: 2000-2004, 375/577 [65.0%]; 2005-2009, 503/699 [72.0%]; and 2010-2014, 555/750 [74.0%]), those with malignant conditions had poorer survival rates, without improvement over time (3-year overall survival: 2000-2004, 109/199 [54.8%]; 2005-2009, 104/161 [64.6%]; and 2010-2014, 66/112 [58.9%]). From 2000 through 2014, relapse rates increased in infants with malignant conditions (3-year relapse rate: 2000-2004, 19% [95% CI, 14%-25%]; 2005-2009, 23% [95% CI, 17%-30%]; 2010-2014, 36% [95% CI, 27%-46%]; P = .01). Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome was frequent, occurring with a cumulative incidence of 13% (95% CI, 11%-16%) of infants with nonmalignant diseases and 32% (95% CI, 22%-42%) of those with malignant diseases. Generally, recipients of human leukocyte antigen-identical sibling bone marrow grafts had the best outcomes. Conclusions and Relevance: Survival rates have not improved for infants with malignant diseases over the 15-year study period. Infants with nonmalignant diseases had improved survival rates in the earlier but not the later study period. Higher relapses for the malignant cohort and toxicities for all infants remain significant challenges. Strategies to reduce relapse and toxicity and optimize donor and graft selection may improve outcomes in the future.


Assuntos
Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/mortalidade , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/terapia , Leucemia/terapia , Causas de Morte/tendências , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/epidemiologia , Hepatopatia Veno-Oclusiva/etiologia , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/mortalidade , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Leucemia/mortalidade , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Mortalidade/tendências , Recidiva , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/mortalidade , Imunodeficiência Combinada Severa/terapia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
20.
Respir Investig ; 57(4): 388-394, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898531

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The standard treatment for unresectable stage III non-small cell lung cancer (LC) is chemoradiation therapy (CRT); however, the optimal treatment for LC in patients with interstitial pneumonia (IP) (LC-IP) has not been determined. This study compared the clinical course of LC-IP patients to that of patients without IP (LC without IP) and determined the key factors of survival. METHODS: We retrieved the records of 52 consecutive LC patients treated at our institution between January 2011 and September 2016. The characteristics and outcomes of LC patients with and without IP were compared. Survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method and univariate and multivariate analyses of two-year survival were also conducted. RESULTS: Forty-two men and 10 women were evaluated. Eleven patients (21%) had IP as their underlying disease. Except for age, the backgrounds of LC patients with and without IP were almost identical. Among LC-IP patients, the median predicted forced vital capacity was 86% and the Gender-Age-Physiology (GAP) index was 3. None of the LC-IP patients received CRT but 32 (78%) of the LC without IP patients underwent CRT. Chemotherapy alone was the main treatment for LC-IP. The median survival times were 485 and 1271 days in LC patients with and without IP, respectively (p=0.419). Multivariate analysis of survival longer than two years revealed CRT as the only predictive factor. CONCLUSIONS: CRT was the only predictive factor for longer survival in LC patients; however, no LC-IP patients received CRT, possibly because of the underlying IP.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/epidemiologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/terapia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Quimiorradioterapia , Comorbidade , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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