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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(4): e24260, 2021 Jan 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33530214

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) is a special subtype of interstitial lung disease that has received worldwide attention. Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) and surfactant protein-A (SP-A) can be used as an important biomarker of interstitial lung disease, but its exact relationship with IPAF is poorly understood.A total of 65 IPAF patients were included in the study and were followed up for 52 weeks. The KL-6 and SP-A were evaluated by chemiluminescence enzyme immunoassay. The above indicators were tested at 2 time points, baseline (the first admission of patients) and 52 weeks. We also collected the indicators of antinuclear antibodies and rheumatoid factor. Based on high-resolution computed tomography evaluations, patients were divided into: aggravation, stable, and improvement group. At same time, 30 age-matched normal people as normal control were recruited, the same information was collected. Correlations among the groups were compared and analyzed.The KL-6 and SP-A level in IPAF patients were significantly higher than normal controls (fold increase = 11.35 and 1.39, both P < .001) and differed significantly at baseline and 52 weeks in IPAF (difference ratio = 37.7% and 21.3%, P < .05, both). There were significant differences at baseline and 52 weeks (r values of aggravation, improvement, and stable groups for KL-6 were 0.705, 0.770, and 0.344, P = .001, .001, and .163, and for SP-A the r value were 0.672, 0.375, and 0.316, P = .001, .126, and .152). In aggravation group, KL-6 and SP-A were correlated with CT scores (both P < .05). Diffusing capacity of the lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and forced vital capacity (FVC), % predicted showed a progressive downward trend, with a significant difference at baseline and 52 weeks in IPAF patients (difference ratio = 23.8% and 20.6%, both P < .05). There was a significant correlation between KL-6 and FVC % predicted and DLCO (both P < .05), SP-A showed negatively correlated with DLCO, but not significantly correlated with FVC % predicted (P < .05 and .47).This study demonstrated that KL-6 and SP-A can reflect disease progression, and both 2 play a key role at reflection of lung epithelial cell injury and fibrosis degree in IPAF.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Mucina-1/sangue , Proteína A Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Adulto , Anticorpos Antinucleares/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator Reumatoide/sangue
2.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0244114, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33332430

RESUMO

Disease progression (DP) in interstitial lung disease (ILD) is variable and difficult to predict. In previous reports, serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) was suggested to be useful in diagnosing and predicting survival in ILD. The aim of our study was to investigate the usefulness of serum KL-6 as a predictor of DP in ILD. Clinical data of 199 patients with ILD (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: 22.8%) were prospectively collected and serum KL-6 levels were measured. DP was defined as a relative decline in forced vital capacity (FVC) ≥ 10%, acute exacerbation, or death during follow-up. The median follow-up period was 11.1 months. The mean age of the subjects was 62.2 years, and 59.8% were male. DP occurred in 21.6% of patients. The progressed group showed lower FVC, lower diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide, lower the minimum oxygen saturation during the 6-minute walk test, higher fibrosis scores on high-resolution computed tomography, and higher KL-6 levels (826.3 vs. 629.0 U/mL; p < 0.001) than those of the non-progressed group. In receiver operating characteristic curve analysis, serum KL-6 levels were a significant predictor of DP in ILD (area under the curve = 0.629, p = 0.009, and the optimal cut-off level was 811 U/mL). In multivariable Cox analysis, high serum KL-6 levels (≥ 800 U/mL) were only independently associated with DP in ILD (HR 2.689, 95% CI 1.445-5.004, P = 0.002). Serum KL-6 levels might be useful to predict DP in patients with ILD.


Assuntos
Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais , Mucina-1/sangue , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/sangue , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/diagnóstico por imagem , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/mortalidade , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Taxa de Sobrevida , Capacidade Vital
3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33093767

RESUMO

Objective: To describe the clinical and serological patients characteristics with Microscopic Polyangiitis (MPA) and Interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods: Of all the patients with AAV diagnosed between 2007-2017 at the Hospital Clinico Universidad de Chile, those with MPA and ILD were selected and studied retrospectively. Results: All patients were Hispanic; median age at diagnosis 65 years (32-84). 59% were female. All were positive for p-ANCA, 16 patients for MPO. Most common manifestations were constitutional symptoms, weight loss and fever. CT-Scans patterns were Usual Interstitial Pneumonia (UIP) in 10 patients, Nonspecific Interstitial Pneumonia (NSIP) in 6 and fibrosis not UIP or NSIP pattern in 1. In 6 cases, ILD was diagnosed 0.5-14 years before MPA and concomitantly in 11. Conclusions: Although infrequent, Microscopic Polyangiitis should be suspected in patients with ILD particularly if extra-pulmonary manifestations that rise the possibility of a systemic illness are present, regardless of the time elapsed between the latter and the diagnosis of this type of lung involvement. (Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2020; 37 (1): 37-42).


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Poliangiite Microscópica/sangue , Peroxidase/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Chile , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Masculino , Poliangiite Microscópica/diagnóstico , Poliangiite Microscópica/imunologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Testes Sorológicos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
4.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234523, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525903

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is considered a serum biomarker of various forms of interstitial lung disease (ILD). In this study, we examined the utility of SP-D as a predictive biomarker for mortality in patients with ILD associated with polymyositis/dermatomyositis (PM/DM) using large-scale multicentre cohort data. METHODS: We enrolled 381 patients with incident PM/DM-associated ILD in a multicentre retrospective cohort based on the availability of serum SP-D at the baseline. Demographic and clinical characteristics as well as the presence of autoantibodies to melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 (MDA5) and aminoacyl tRNA synthetase were measured at the time of diagnosis, and follow-up survival data were collected prospectively. RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients died during the median observation period of 18 months, and the majority of patients died of ILD. The SP-D levels at baseline were significantly lower (P = 0.02) in a non-survivor subset than in a survivor subset among the entire enrolled patients. However, the SP-D levels were higher in the non-survivor subset than in the survivor subset based on the stratification by anti-MDA5-positive, anti-ARS-positive and, double-negativity, although there was an only statistically significant difference (P = 0.01) in the double-negative group. Surprisingly, the SP-D levels were within the upper limit of normal, 110 ng/mL, in 54 (87%) of 62 anti-MDA5-positive patients who died. In the double-negative group, the mortality rates were significantly higher (P = 0.002) in a subset with SP-D ≥127.6 ng/mL, the cut-off value for mortality calculated by the receiver operating characteristic curve, than the other subset. All of patients with SP-D <127.6 ng/mL survived. CONCLUSION: Serum SP-D levels behave differently among patients with stratified by anti-MDA5 antibody, anti-ARS antibody and both negativity in PM/DM-associated ILD. Its use in clinical practice should be applied with caution on the basis of the presence or absence of anti-MDA5 antibody or anti-ARS antibody.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Dermatomiosite/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Proteína D Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Aminoacil-tRNA Sintetases/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Autoantígenos/imunologia , Biomarcadores/sangue , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Dermatomiosite/imunologia , Dermatomiosite/mortalidade , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise de Sobrevida
7.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0232978, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32384128

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the performance of 3 circulating markers for the diagnosis and the progression of interstitial lung disease (ILD) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum concentrations of 3 circulating markers, lung epithelial-derived surfactant protein D (SPD), chemokine CCL-18 and Krebs von den Lungen-6 glycoprotein (KL-6), were measured by ELISA in consecutive patients with established RA. These patients were recruited from 3 tertiary centers and they all had been investigated by chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). For a subset of French patients, a follow-up HRCT was available (mean interval between HRCT: 3±1.5 years). RESULTS: Among the 147 included patients (age: 66 ± 12 years, 69% women, disease duration 11 ± 10 years), 40 (27%) had RA-ILD on chest HRCT. SPD, CCL18 and KL-6 concentrations were significantly higher in patients with RA-ILD. ROC curve analysis to assess the diagnostic abilities of the three markers for the diagnosis of RA-ILD showed a superiority of KL-6 (Area under the curve, AUC: 0.79 95% CI 0.72-0.86) compared to SPD (AUC: 0.66 95% CI 0.58-0.74) and CCL18 (AUC: 0.62, 95% CI 0.53-0.70). The sensitivity of KL-6 for the diagnosis of RA-ILD was 68% with a specificity of 83%. The combination of KL-6 with SPD and CCL18 improved its diagnostic ability, with increased sensitivity from 68% to 77%, specificity from 83% to 97%. Increased KL-6 levels were independently associated with the presence of RA-ILD after the adjustment on other RA-ILD risk factors. In the French subset with longitudinal data, baseline KL-6 serum levels were predictive of ILD progression and the degree of ILD progression on HRCT was proportional to baseline KL-6 concentrations. CONCLUSION: These results show that KL-6 is a relevant circulating marker for the diagnosis and might be an interesting marker for the progression of RA-ILD.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Quimiocinas CC/sangue , Estudos de Coortes , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucina-1/sangue , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Proteína D Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(16): e19493, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311922

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Past investigations showed inconsistent results for diagnostic and prognostic predictive values of Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) for interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: Web of Science and PubMed were systematically searched on for articles exploring the association of KL-6 and ILDs published between September 1993 and March 2019. For comparisons between-groups, the standard mean difference and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were computed as the effect sizes. For diagnostic studies, a summary of sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratios, negative likelihood ratios, and diagnostic odds ratio, which indicated the accuracy of KL-6 in the differentiation of ILDs and no ILDs, were calculated from the true positive, true negative, false positive, and false negative of each study. In addition, the summary receive-operating characteristics curve was constructed to summarize the TP and FP rates. For follow-up study, we computed hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% CIs for mortality. ILD patients showed elevated concentrations of KL-6, compared to healthy controls and patients without ILD. RESULTS: The meta-analysis showed a sensitivity (0.85 [95% CI: 0.77-0.91]) and specificity (0.97 [95% CI: 0.90-0.99]) of KL-6 for ILDs. In addition, it showed elevated baseline circulating levels of KL-6 in subsequent active ILD, compared to subsequent inactive ILD. Moreover, there was a significant association between baseline levels of circulating KL-6 and mortality of ILD (HR 2.95, 95% CI 2.45-3.55, I = 65.9%, P = .032). CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the study suggested that circulating KL-6 showed diagnostic and prognostic predictive values for ILDs.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Mucina-1/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(16): e19695, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32311947

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of the study was to estimate and compare the diagnostic accuracy of serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (KL-6) and surfactant protein D (SP-D) for identifying interstitial lung disease (ILD) from non-ILD among connective tissue disease (CTD) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Original articles on the diagnostic accuracy of serum KL-6 and SP-D in differentiating CTD-ILD from CTD-nonILD were identified from three public databases. The overall quality of evidence and methodologic quality of each eligible study were assessed by the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach and Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies, respectively. We used the bivariate model to calculate random-effect sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, and area under curve. Furthermore, trial sequential analysis (TSA) was used to determine whether sample sizes incorporated in the meta-analysis were powerful for evaluating the diagnostic utility. Bayesian network analysis was performed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of 2 serum biomarkers in differentiating ILD among CTD patients and various subgroups. RESULTS: Twenty-nine studies were included in the quantitative synthesis. No threshold effects were observed (all P values >.05). For diagnosis of ILD among CTD patients, overall sensitivity and specificity of serum KL-6 were 0.76 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.68-0.82) and 0.89 (95% CI: 0.83-0.93), whereas those for serum SP-D were 0.65 (95% CI: 0.45-0.80) and 0.88 (95% CI: 0.80-0.93). Comprehensive comparison of 2 circulating biomarkers using back-calculated likelihood ratio (LR) demonstrated that serum KL-6 corresponded to a higher LR+ and a lower LR- in comparison to serum SP-D, as well as in SSc-ILD. TSA indicated that evidence for serum KL-6 and SP-D in identifying CTD-ILD is powerful; nonetheless, more trials were needed for validation of serum KL-6 and SP-D in differentiating CTD-ILD subtypes, including different CTD and ethnicities. CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis suggested that serum KL-6 had superior diagnostic accuracy to SP-D for differentiating ILD from non-ILD among CTD patients, providing a convenient and non-invasive approach for screening and management of ILD among CTD patients.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Mucina-1/sangue , Proteína D Associada a Surfactante Pulmonar/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/complicações
10.
Zhonghua Jie He He Hu Xi Za Zhi ; 43(4): 362-368, 2020 Apr 12.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32294819

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the clinical features and prognosis of interstitial lung disease patients with positive anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody. Methods: The patients with interstitial lung disease who visited Peking Union Medical College Hospital from March 2006 to March 2016 were divided into three groups: interstitial lung disease with ANCA-positive(ANCA-ILD), connective tissue disease associated interstitial lung disease and interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (CTD-ILD/IPAF) and idiopathic interstitial pneumonia (IIP). The three groups were analyzed in terms of clinical manifestations, serology, lung function, imaging, survival and recurrence. Results: Two hundred and seventy four patients were enrolled and 38 (14%) were ANCA-positive of whom 16 were male and 22 were female. The age of 38 ANCA-positive patients was (59±10) years and the follow-up time was (52±31) months. Seven among the 38 ANCA-positive patients died and the death rate is 18.42%. The ANCA-positive patients with interstitial lung disease have higher onset age (ANCA-ILD:59±10,CTD-ILD/IPAF:52±10,IIP:53±11,H=19.29, P<0.001), lower hemoglobin (ANCA-ILD: 129±21, CTD-ILD/IPAF: 138±15, IIP: 140±19, H=8.17, P=0.017), higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ANCA-ILD:45±35, CTD-ILD/IPAF:26±24,IIP:19±22,H=19.73, P<0.001), lower lung function improvement rate after treatment (ANCA-ILD:31%,CTD-ILD/IPAF:59%,IIP: 39%,χ(2)=11.74,P=0.003), lower absorption rate of CT lesion (ANCA-ILD:61%,CTD-ILD/IPAF:82%,IIP:67%, χ(2)=9.23,P=0.010) and higher death rate(ANCA-ILD:18%,CTD-ILD/IPAF:6%,IIP:12%, χ(2)=7.16,P=0.028). Conclusions: There are significant differences in clinical characteristics between ANCA-positive patients and other types of pulmonary interstitial disease. And both the treatment effect and the prognosis is poor for the ANCA-positive patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/imunologia , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/sangue , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/imunologia , Pneumonias Intersticiais Idiopáticas/mortalidade , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Masculino , Prognóstico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
BMC Pulm Med ; 20(1): 6, 2020 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915006

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the value of serum krebs von den lungen-6 (KL-6) level as a diagnostic indicator for connective tissue disease associated with interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD). METHODS: One hundred fifty five patients with newly diagnosed CTD in our hospital were enrolled and divided into two groups by their ILD manifestations, the CTD-ILD group and the CTD group. In parallel, 61 patients with pulmonary infection and 60 cases of healthy subjects were also enrolled into the study. The difference of serum KL-6 level among the four groups were compared. In CTD-ILD group, carbon monoxide diffusing capacity (DLCo) and high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of lung were also tested. The serum KL-6 level of 32 patients from the CTD-ILD group who received cyclophosphamide (CTX) pulse therapy were sampled and measured, by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), at three time points: before treatment, 3 months after treatment and 6 months after treatment. RESULTS: The serum KL-6 level in the CTD-ILD group (1004.9 (676.41738.1) IU/ml) is significantly higher than three other groups (χ2 = 72.29, P < 0.001). In the CTD-ILD group the level of serum KL-6 was positively correlated with disease severity on HRCT (r = 0.75, P <  0.001), while was negatively correlated with DLCo (r = - 0.50, P <  0.001). In 32 patients who received CTX pulse therapy, the level of serum KL-6 was gradually decreased in 20 cases whose lesions were absorbed within 6 months (F = 13.67, P <  0.001), whereas it remained unchanged in the rest of 12 patients (Z = -1.328, P = 0.198). CONCLUSIONS: Serum KL-6 level can potentially serve as a diagnostic marker for CTD-ILD and be utilized to evaluate the effectiveness of CTX pulse therapy.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Mucina-1/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/tratamento farmacológico , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Testes de Função Respiratória , Fatores de Risco , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Adulto Jovem
12.
J Clin Neurosci ; 74: 32-35, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31982271

RESUMO

Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an extramuscular manifestation associated with increased mortality in idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). To identify risk factors for ILD in patients with IIM, this study retrospectively enrolled 117 eligible patients from a university medical center. After a comprehensive chart review, 56 patients were stratified into ILD (n = 28) and non-ILD (n = 28) groups. Clinical features, laboratory data, concomitant diseases, and serology profiles were compared. Patients with ILD had high prevalence of anti-Jo1 antibodies (p = 0.002), anti-Ro52 antibodies (p < 0.001), both anti-Jo1 and anti-Ro52 antibodies (p = 0.008), anti-Jo1 or anti-Ro52 antibodies (p < 0.001), and lower initial creatine kinase (CK) levels (p = 0.006). Moreover, patients with anti-Ro52 antibodies and either anti-Ro52 or anti-Jo1 antibodies had 9.17-fold (95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.858-33.487, p < 0.001) and 13.44-fold (95% CI: 4.008-52.757, p < 0.001) increased odds of developing ILD, respectively. By contrast, patients with higher CK levels had 0.99-fold (95% CI: 0.999-0.999, p = 0.011) increased odds of developing ILD. Both anti-Ro52 and anti-Jo1 antibodies were independent serological risk factors for IIM-associated ILD. Because these serology tests are commonly available, they can be used to guide pulmonary screening for patients with IIM to increase neurologist proactivity in recognizing and treating extramuscular conditions.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Miosite/complicações , Adulto , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Feminino , Histidina-tRNA Ligase/imunologia , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miosite/diagnóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ribonucleoproteínas/imunologia , Fatores de Risco
13.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 199(3): 314-325, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31797350

RESUMO

Neopterin is primarily synthesized and released by activated macrophages/monocytes upon stimulation with interferon-γ and is considered as a marker for macrophage activation. This study aimed to analyze the serum levels of neopterin in patients with dermatomyositis (DM) in association with clinical manifestations, laboratory data and patient prognosis. One hundred and eighty-two consecutive DM patients and 30 healthy controls were retrospectively enrolled into the study. Serum levels of neopterin were significantly increased in DM patients compared to healthy controls (P < 0·001). High serum neopterin levels were associated with anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene (MDA5) antibody, rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (RP-ILD) and characteristic DM cutaneous involvement. Longitudinal assessment of serum samples revealed that the serum neopterin levels were closely correlated with disease severity (ß = 30·24, P < 0·001). In addition, a significant increase in serum neopterin concentration of non-survivors was observed when compared to that of survivors (P < 0·001). Receiver operator characteristic curves showed that serum neopterin could distinguish non-survivors and survivors at an optimal cut-off level of 22·1 nmol/l with a sensitivity and specificity of 0·804 and 0·625, respectively (P < 0·001). Kaplan-Meier survival curves revealed that DM patients with serum neopterin > 22·1 nmol/l had a significantly higher mortality compared to the patient group with serum neopterin < 22·1 nmol/l (log-rank P < 0·001). Multivariate regression analysis identified high serum neopterin concentration to be an independent risk factor for poor prognosis in DM (adjusted hazard ratio = 4·619, 95% confidence interval = 2·092-10·195, P < 0·001). In conclusion, increased serum levels of neopterin were significantly associated with RP-ILD and reduced survival in DM patients, suggesting it as a promising biomarker in disease evaluation of DM.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Neopterina/sangue , Adulto , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Análise de Regressão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
14.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(2): 575-583, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31758424

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This retrospective clinical study aimed to examine the similarities and differences between connective tissue disease-associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD) and interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF) and to identify the influencing factors of CTD-ILD, with a goal of early detection and active treatment of the disease. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of 480 patients: 412 with CTD-ILD and 68 with IPAF. Demographic features, clinical characteristics, laboratory indicators, and chest high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) imaging data were analyzed. RESULTS: Compared with the IPAF group, the CTD-ILD group contained more women, and the incidences of joint pain, dry mouth/dry eyes, and Raynaud's phenomenon were higher; erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and D-dimer levels were higher; red blood cell (RBC) and hemoglobin (Hb) levels were lower; a high rheumatoid factor (RF) titer (> 2 times the normal upper limit) was observed, and anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide antibody (anti-CCP), anti-keratin antibody (AKA), antinuclear antibody (ANA), and anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody (anti-MDA5) levels were higher. Compared with CTD-ILD patients, IPAF patients were more likely to present initially with respiratory symptoms, with higher rates of fever, cough and expectoration, dyspnea, and Velcro crackles; anti-Ro52 titers were higher; incidences of honeycombing opacity, reticulate opacity, patchy opacity, and pleural thickening were greater. Female sex, a high RF titer (> 2 times the normal upper limit), anti-CCP positivity, ANA positivity, and anti-MDA5 positivity were risk factors for CTD-ILD when the odds ratios were adjusted. CONCLUSION: CTD-ILD and IPAF patients differed in demographic features, clinical characteristics, laboratory indicators, and chest HRCT imaging data. Female sex, a high RF titer (> 2 times the normal upper limit), anti-CCP positivity, ANA positivity, and anti-MDA5 positivity were risk factors for CTD-ILD.Key Points• This retrospective clinical study comprehensively compared the demographic features, clinical characteristics, laboratory indicators, and chest HRCT imaging data of CTD-ILD and IPAF patients.• The evidence suggested that female sex, a high RF titer, anti-CCP positivity, ANA positivity, and anti-MDA5 positivity were risk factors for CTD-ILD.


Assuntos
Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/complicações , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Idoso , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/sangue , Doenças do Tecido Conjuntivo/diagnóstico por imagem , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Radiografia Torácica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
15.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 72(3): 409-419, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31532072

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a frequent complication of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), occurring in up to 40% of patients during the course of their disease. Early diagnosis is critical, particularly given the shared clinicoepidemiologic features between advanced rheumatoid arthritis-associated ILD (RA-ILD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). This study was undertaken to define the molecular basis of this overlap through comparative profiling of serum proteins in RA-ILD and IPF. METHODS: Multiplex enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs) were used to profile 45 protein biomarkers encompassing cytokines/chemokines, growth factors, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in sera obtained from RA patients with ILD and those without, individuals with IPF, and healthy controls. Levels of selected serum proteins were compared between patient subgroups using adjusted linear regression, principal component analysis (PCA), and least absolute shrinkage and selection operator (LASSO) modeling. RESULTS: Multiplex ELISA-based assessment of sera from 2 independent cohorts (Veterans Affairs [VA] and Non-VA) revealed a number of non-overlapping biomarkers distinguishing RA-ILD from RA without ILD (RA-no ILD) in adjusted regression models. Parallel analysis of sera from IPF patients also yielded a discriminatory panel of protein markers in models adjusted for age/sex/smoking, which showed differential overlap with profiles linked to RA-ILD in the VA cohort versus the Non-VA cohort. PCA revealed several distinct functional groups of RA-ILD-associated markers that, in the VA cohort, encompassed proinflammatory cytokines/chemokines as well as 2 different subsets of MMPs. Finally, LASSO regression modeling in the Non-VA and VA cohorts revealed distinct biomarker combinations capable of discriminating RA-ILD from RA-no ILD. CONCLUSION: Comparative serum protein biomarker profiling represents a viable method for distinguishing RA-ILD from RA-no ILD and identifying population-specific mediators shared with IPF.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/sangue , Proteínas Sanguíneas/análise , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/complicações , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Humanos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema de Registros , Análise de Regressão
16.
Chest ; 157(3): 580-589, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678306

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Adipokines have inflammatory and fibrotic properties that may be critical in interstitial lung disease (ILD). We examined associations of serum adipokine levels with CT imaging-based measures of subclinical ILD and lung function among community-dwelling adults. METHODS: A subset of the original Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis cohort (n = 1,968) had adiponectin, leptin, and resistin measured during follow-up visits (2002-2005). We used regression models to examine associations of adiponectin, leptin, and resistin levels with (1) high-attenuation areas (HAAs) from CT scans (2004-2005, n = 1,144), (2) interstitial lung abnormalities (ILAs) from CT scans (2010-2012, n = 872), and (3) FVC from spirometry (2004-2006, n = 1,446). We used -(1/HAA2), which we denoted with H, to model HAA as our outcome to meet model assumptions. RESULTS: Higher adiponectin was associated with lower HAA on CT imaging among adults with a BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2 (P for BMI interaction = .07). Leptin was more strongly associated with ILA among never smokers compared with ever smokers (P for smoking interaction = .004). For every 1-SD increment of log-transformed leptin, the percent predicted FVC was 3.8% lower (95% CI, -5.0 to -2.5). Higher serum resistin levels were associated with greater HAA on CT in a fully adjusted model. For every 1-SD increment of log-transformed resistin there was an increase in H of 14.8 (95% CI, 3.4-26.3). CONCLUSIONS: Higher adiponectin levels were associated with lower HAA on CT imaging among adults with a higher BMI. Higher leptin and resistin levels were associated with lower FVC and greater HAA, respectively.


Assuntos
Adiponectina/sangue , Doenças Assintomáticas , Leptina/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Pulmão/diagnóstico por imagem , Obesidade/sangue , Resistina/sangue , Adipocinas/sangue , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Vida Independente , Pulmão/fisiopatologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Fumar/epidemiologia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Capacidade Vital
18.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(1): 112-119, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382295

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To clarify the incidence, risk factors, and impact of malignancy in patients with PM/DM-associated interstitial lung disease (ILD). METHODS: This study used data from 497 patients with PM/DM-associated ILD enrolled in a multicentre, retrospective and prospective cohort of incident cases. Cancer-associated myositis (CAM) was defined as malignancy diagnosed within 3 years before or after PM/DM diagnosis. Demographic and clinical information was recorded at the time of diagnosis, and data about the occurrence of mortality and malignancy was collected. RESULTS: CAM was identified in 32 patients with PM/DM-associated ILD (6.4%). Patients with CAM were older (64 vs 55 years, P < 0.001), presented with arthritis less frequently (24% vs 49%, P = 0.01), and showed a lower level of serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 (687 vs 820 IU/l, P = 0.03) than those without CAM. The distribution of myositis-specific autoantibodies, including anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5, anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase, and anti-transcriptional intermediary factor 1-γ antibodies, did not differ between the groups. Survival analysis demonstrated that CAM patients had a poorer survival than non-CAM patients (P = 0.006), primarily due to excess deaths by concomitant malignancy, while mortality due to ILD-related respiratory failure was similar between the groups (P = 0.51). CONCLUSION: Concomitant malignancy can occur in patients with PM/DM-associated ILD, and has significant impact on mortality. Older age, lack of arthritis, and a lower level of serum Krebs von den Lungen-6 at diagnosis are predictors of concomitant malignancy.


Assuntos
Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/mortalidade , Miosite/mortalidade , Neoplasias/mortalidade , Fatores Etários , Aminoacil-tRNA Sintetases/imunologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mucina-1/sangue , Miosite/sangue , Miosite/etiologia , Neoplasias/sangue , Neoplasias/complicações , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
19.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 59(2): 310-318, 2020 02 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321420

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the serum cytokine profile and address the pathomechanism of interstitial lung disease (ILD) complicated with PM/DM. METHODS: Forty patients with PM/DM-ILD were enrolled, and principal components analysis and cluster analysis were performed to classify patients into subgroups. Additionally, we compared cytokine profiles between the survivors and dead patients and between anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody- and anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase antibody-positive ILD patients. We also examined the association of various cytokines with disease activity indicators and prognosis of ILD. RESULTS: The principal components analysis data allowed classification of the cytokine profile into three groups: group 1, neutrophilic and M1-macrophage-driven cytokines; group 2, type 1 Th cell-driven and M2-macrophage-induced cytokines; and group 3, M2-macrophage-driven cytokines. Cluster analysis showed the presence of PM/DM-ILD patient groups with high or low levels of total cytokines. Ninety percent of patients who died of ILD were included in clusters with high cytokine levels. Serum cytokine levels of all groups were significantly higher in the anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody-positive patients than in the anti-aminoacyl tRNA synthetase antibody-positive patients. Groups 1 and 2 significantly correlated with known factors for poor prognosis, such as serum ferritin levels and alveolar-arterial oxygen difference. Serum cytokine levels of patients in group 1 were significantly higher initially and at 2 and 4 weeks in those who died. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that the activation of monocytes, macrophages and type 1 Th cells, and neutrophils play roles in the pathomechanism of PM/DM-ILD, and group 1 cytokines could be useful biomarkers for predicting prognosis of PM/DM-ILD.


Assuntos
Citocinas/sangue , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Análise por Conglomerados , Dermatomiosite/complicações , Dermatomiosite/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise de Componente Principal , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
Med Sci (Paris) ; 35 Hors série n° 2: 18-23, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859626

RESUMO

Dermatomyositis are rare chronic auto-immune diseases characterized by cutaneous involvement. Diagnosis could be made in childhood or in aldult. There are some different clinical and histological presentation associated with different myositis specific antibody. There are five dermatomyositis specific autoantibodies, anti-Mi2, anti-Tif1-γ, anti-NXP2, anti-MDA5, and anti-SAE. Anti-Mi2 are associated with "classical form" of DM with cutaneous and muscular involvement. Anti-Tif1γ and anti-NXP2 are found in juvenile and adult dermatomyositis, and are associated with recurrent diseases with cutaneous involvement at the forefront. In adults, they are associated with cancer. Anti-MDA5 antibodies are associated with a systemic involvement and an interstitial lung disease. Finally, anti-SAE have been found only in adults, with a classic form.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/isolamento & purificação , Dermatomiosite/classificação , Dermatomiosite/diagnóstico , Terminologia como Assunto , Adenosina Trifosfatases/imunologia , Adulto , Idade de Início , Criança , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/imunologia , Dermatomiosite/sangue , Dermatomiosite/epidemiologia , Humanos , Helicase IFIH1 Induzida por Interferon/imunologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/etiologia , Complexo Mi-2 de Remodelação de Nucleossomo e Desacetilase/imunologia , Fatores de Transcrição/imunologia , Enzimas Ativadoras de Ubiquitina/imunologia
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