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1.
FP Essent ; 488: 11-15, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31894950

RESUMO

Circumcision is the surgical removal of some or all of the foreskin (ie, prepuce) of the penis. Among high-resource countries, the United States is the only country in which the majority of newborns are circumcised for nonreligious reasons. The rate of circumcision in the United States has been decreasing. Circumcised males have a lower risk of urinary tract infections, penile cancer, and several sexually transmitted infections. The benefit of circumcision is greater for males with certain urologic conditions, such as isolated hydronephrosis, vesicoureteral reflux, and ureteropelvic junction obstruction. Complications develop in approximately 1 of every 200 procedures. The American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians recommend continued access to circumcision on an elective basis and conclude that the benefits outweigh the risks. However, they do not endorse routine neonatal circumcision. Local anesthesia should be used to decrease pain during the procedure. Three devices commonly are used. Each has risks and benefits, and no one device has been proven to be superior to another.


Assuntos
Circuncisão Masculina , Neoplasias Penianas , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Infecções Urinárias , Criança , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Neoplasias Penianas/prevenção & controle , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos , Obstrução Ureteral , Infecções Urinárias/prevenção & controle
3.
Niger Postgrad Med J ; 26(4): 235-238, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31621664

RESUMO

Context: Ectopic pregnancy is a common life-threatening emergency and a notable cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. Aims: This study aims to determine the prevalence of ectopic gestation, the associated risk factors, the pattern of presentation and management of ectopic pregnancy in Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital (DASH) Lafia. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective study of all cases of ectopic pregnancy managed at the gynaecological unit of the DASH Lafia, North-central Nigeria from 1st January, 2013 to 31st December, 2017. The data were analysed with simple descriptive statistics and were reported as frequencies and percentages. Results: During the 5-year period, there were a total of 93 ectopic pregnancies, 10,401 deliveries and 3399 gynaecological admissions in the hospital. The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy was 0.89% of all deliveries and 2.74% of all the gynaecological admissions. The majority of the patients were in the age group of 26-30 years, and significant number of the affected them were nulliparous, 30 (32.3%). Furthermore, majority of the patients had past history of sexually transmitted diseases 48 (51.6%), multiple sexual partners 40 (43.0%) and induced abortions. Abdominal pains, amenorrhoea and vaginal bleeding were the most common presenting complaints. Unilateral salpingectomy was done for majority of the patients. Conclusions: Ectopic pregnancy is an important gynaecological challenge associated with notable morbidity. Past history of sexually transmitted diseases, multiple sexual partners and induced abortions were the associated risk factors identified, and nulliparous women were mostly affected. This can limit their future reproductive accomplishments. Targeted health education campaigns should be embarked on to enlighten this group of women and the public at large.


Assuntos
Dor Abdominal/etiologia , Gravidez Ectópica/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Nigéria/epidemiologia , Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
4.
F1000Res ; 82019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31583080

RESUMO

Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common, curable non-viral sexually transmitted infection (STI) worldwide. Despite this burden of disease, it is not currently a reportable disease in the United States. Recent advances in the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of T. vaginalis infection are described in this article. This includes updated global and U.S. prevalence data in women and men as well as recent epidemiological data in HIV-infected individuals and pregnant women. Advances in molecular diagnostics are also reviewed, as are data from recent clinical trials regarding the treatment of trichomonas in women.


Assuntos
Tricomoníase/diagnóstico , Tricomoníase/epidemiologia , Tricomoníase/terapia , Coinfecção , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/terapia , Trichomonas vaginalis , Estados Unidos
5.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1135-1141, out.-dez. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1021916

RESUMO

Objetivo: Identificar e avaliar as práticas, o conhecimento e comportamento dos estudantes universitários em relação às Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis. Método: Estudo descritivo, quantitativo, realizado em universidade pública, no Rio de Janeiro com 255 estudantes que responderam a um questionário. Os dados foram analisados com aplicação da estatística descritiva. Resultados: Entre os jovens investigados 181 (71%) eram mulheres e 74 (29%) homens; (93,7%) tinham idades entre 18-24 anos; 194 (76%) eram sexualmente ativos; 110 (43,1%) adotam o preservativo em todos os intercursos sexuais. Os jovens consideram possuir todo conhecimento sobre as Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis (87/34,1%); acreditam que a infecção por gonorreia pode ocorrer ao utilizar banheiros públicos (80/31,7%), e que existe cura para hepatite (102/40%). Conclusão: Os achados evidenciam que os estudantes assumem comportamento de risco e demonstram fragilidades no conhecimento sobre a prevenção e transmissão das Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis


Objective: The study's purpose has been to identify and assess the practices, knowledge, and behavior of college students vis-à-vis Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Methods: It is a descriptive study with a quantitative approach, which was performed at a Public University in the Rio de Janeiro city with 255 students who answered a questionnaire. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: Among the young investigated, 181 (71%) were women and 74 (29%) were men; 93.7% were within the age group from 18 to 24 years old; 194 (76%) were sexually active; 110 (43.1%) adopt the condom in all sexual intercourse. Young people consider that they have all the knowledge about Sexually Transmitted Diseases (87/34.1%); Believe that gonorrhea infection can occur when using public restrooms (80/31.7%), and that there is a cure for hepatitis (102/40%). Conclusion: The findings show that college students assume risky behavior and demonstrate lack of knowledge concerning both prevention and transmission of Sexually Transmitted Diseases


Objetivo: Identificar y evaluar las prácticas, el conocimiento y el comportamiento de los estudiantes universitarios en relación a las Infecciones Sexualmente Transmisibles. Método: Estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo, realizado en una universidad pública, en Río de Janeiro con 255 estudiantes que respondieron a un cuestionario. Los datos fueron analizados con aplicación de la estadística descriptiva. Resultados: Entre los jóvenes investigados 181 (71%) eran mujeres y 74 (29%) hombres; (93,7%) tenían edades entre 18-24 años; 194 (76%) eran sexualmente activos; 110 (43,1%) adopta el preservativo en todos los intercursos sexuales. Los jóvenes consideran poseer todo conocimiento sobre las Infecciones Sexualmente Transmisibles (87 / 34,1%); Creen que la infección por gonorrea puede ocurrir al utilizar baños públicos (80 / 31,7%), y que existe cura para hepatitis (102/40%). Conclusión: Los hallazgos evidencian que los estudiantes asumen comportamiento de riesgo y demuestran fragilidades en el conocimiento sobre la prevención y transmisión de las Infecciones Sexualmente Transmisibles


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto Jovem , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Saúde do Estudante , Fatores de Risco , Brasil
6.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 185, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31497185

RESUMO

Introduction: In 2015, in Dire Dawa administration city, adult HIV prevalence was 3.26 with 9,523 HIV positive population, & 251 annual AIDS deaths. Female sex workers are one of the high-risk groups for contracting HIV. Therefore, this study has assessed the level of HIV/AIDS knowledge, risk perception and condom utilization pattern among female sex workers' in Diredawa city. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted from April 15-June 25, 2016, in Dire Dawa among 156 female sex workers using convenient sampling method. Respondents were interviewed face-to-face using a pretested questionnaire. Training was provided to the data collectors and supervisors. Close supervision was done and double data entry was performed. Then the data were checked for completeness, consistency and entered into Epi Info v3.1 and analyzed using SPSS v20. The descriptive statistical analysis was used to compute frequency, mean, mode and proportion of the findings of this study. The results were presented using tables, charts, graphs, and texts. Results: Among the 156 female sex workers (FSWs), 99 (63.5%) had been working on commercial sex for more than one year, 92 (59%) were usually street-based, and 80 (51.3%) had partners between 2-3 per night. Only, 17 (10.9%) respondents mentioned three and above ways of HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention methods. Less than two-thirds (64.1%) of FSWs used a condom with all partners. One hundred thirty-eight (88.5%) of participants were engaged in unsafe sexual practice at least once since their engagement in sex work. Majority of FSWs (85.3%)) believed that their occupation is hazardous and 145 (92.9%) reported that they were unhappy being a commercial sex worker. Regarding risk perception, 79 (50.64%) and 37 (23.7%) of respondents perceived their chances of contracting HIV/STIs to be high and moderate respectively. Conclusion: Knowledge about HIV/STIs and magnitude of condom utilization were good. However, a high number of unsafe sex and unsatisfactory risk perception attitudes were observed. Thus, a collaborative effort is needed to create awareness regarding risk perception attitude and increase the level of their practice towards the prevention of unsafe sex.


Assuntos
Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Profissionais do Sexo/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Prevalência , Trabalho Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Parceiros Sexuais , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários , Sexo sem Proteção/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Georgian Med News ; (292-293): 7-11, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560654

RESUMO

THE AIM OF THE STUDY: determining the features of the clinical manifestations of malassezial infection of the genital organs in men. The main research group included 148 men who revealed the malassezia genital infection. The comparison group included 126 men having been examined for STIs and diagnosed with chlamydia, mycoplasma, trichomonas infection and candidiasis and having not been diagnosed with malassezial infection. To solve the assigned task, the patients have received physical and general clinical and laboratory studies provided by the current regulations of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine, as well as comprehensive clinical and laboratory investigation on STI pathogens; comprehensive clinical and instrumental examination of the urogenital system (ultrasound, urethro- and cystoscopy, X-ray); microscopic and cultural mycological investigations on fungi of the genus Malassezia to establish the etiological diagnosis of malasseziosis. A comparative analysis of the urogenital pathology course and its clinical and morphological manifestations in the patient population has been carried out; it is found that malasseziosis in men usually proceeds chronically with a characteristic tendency of its manifestations to transformation; the clinical manifestations of urogenital malasseziosis in men have a number of features that distinguish it from the manifestations of urogenital pathology of another etiology; urogenital malasseziosis in men almost always reveal manifestations on the skin of the external genital organs and the perigenital area. Based on the results of the study, it can be concluded that the malassezial infection of the genitalia in men has certain features of the clinical course and manifestations that should be considered in clinical practice. The problem of urogenital malasseziosis, taking into account the possibility of its spread, the features of diagnosis and treatment, may be considered as an urgent problem of the up-to-date clinical practice, which deserves more complete coverage and further research.


Assuntos
Dermatomicoses/diagnóstico , Malassezia/isolamento & purificação , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Dermatomicoses/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Ucrânia/epidemiologia , Infecções Urinárias/epidemiologia , Sistema Urogenital
9.
Georgian Med News ; (292-293): 32-38, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31560659

RESUMO

The diseases of social significance are one of the biggest threats of people's health and well-being all over the world and a great burden for the healthcare system and community in general. It is widely known that the consequences of most of such diseases include temporary or permanent loss of working ability and continuous significant investments of money in the prediction, curing, and rehabilitation measures. The increase in the number of individuals with deviant behavior, especially among teenagers and young people, social disadaptation, migration of people, insufficient government funding for healthcare and social sphere concerning prevention of diseases of social significance and diseases linked with social status - all these factors create the background for the further complication of the STIs epidemic situation in Ukraine. It is scientifically proven that raising the quality of help given people with STIs and increasing its accessibility for different social strata, particularly for the representatives of the target groups, is an effective method for decreasing the rate of parenteral hepatitis and HIV infections in society. The aim of the current research is to assess the quality of the specialized help given patients with STIs (on the example of HIV-infected persons) in order to implement the integrated system of medical and social rehabilitation considering the features of the target group. The survey was conducted on the basis of designed questionnaires which included questions regarding the level of education, social status, necessity and frequency of appeals for medical help, particularly for dermatovenereological help, the affordability and comprehensiveness of the latter, the level of satisfaction with the received medical care, the respondent's assessment of quality and modernity of medical equipment. 389 questionaries' served as material for the research. Each questionnaire was composed of 15 questions. The respondents included 201 males and 188 females diagnosed with HIV-infection, who permanently live in Odessa region. Methods of research: analytical, descriptive, and statistical. The majority of HIV-infected respondents received incomplete secondary, complete secondary or vocational secondary education, 10,28% of them (40 respondents) received incomplete or complete higher education, which characterized the cohort of respondents as people with low level of education, social and sexual awareness. 24,16% of respondents (94 persons) were permanently employed; the others - were unemployed due to different reasons, and, consequently, had low social security level. More than half of respondents (220 individuals - 56,56%) were dissatisfied by the quality of dermatovenereological medical help due to the lack of medical equipment. Only 76 respondents (19,54%) were completely satisfied and positively characterized the latter. The necessity of the establishment of the specialized center of dermatovenereological help for HIV-infected patients was pointed out by 226 respondents (58,10%). The vast majority of HIV-infected respondents (80,98%) expresses quite strong opinion regarding the necessity of the establishment of multiprofile health care institution, which would provide the whole spectrum of medical services, taking into consideration the specific features of HIV-infected patients.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/psicologia , Adolescente , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento Sexual , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/tratamento farmacológico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Ucrânia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Emerg Med Clin North Am ; 37(4): 725-738, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563204

RESUMO

The diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections is a crucial component of providing evidence-based care in the emergency department. Understanding how to make the diagnosis and implement effective treatment is essential to maintaining and improving public health. Providers should also be adept at giving care to sexual assault survivors and seeking out the expertise of specially trained professionals within networks known as SANE, SAFE, or SART. These networks are critical to providing standardized care to sexual assault patients. Prophylaxis remains a key element for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections in all patients who are considered high risk.


Assuntos
Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Profilaxia Pós-Exposição , Profilaxia Pré-Exposição , Estupro , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/terapia
11.
12.
Clín. investig. ginecol. obstet. (Ed. impr.) ; 46(3): 115-121, jul.-sept. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-182717

RESUMO

Objetivo: Estudio prospectivo a lo largo de 4 meses de las ITS (infecciones de trasmisión sexual) en mujeres diagnosticadas de ASCUS (atipias de las células escamosas de significado incierto) y LSIL (lesión escamosa intraepitelial de bajo grado) en la citología cervicovaginal en medio líquido. Diseño: Estudio de edad, paridad, abortos, nuligestas, fumadoras, métodos contraceptivos, antecedentes personales, citología, análisis de VPH-AR (virus del papiloma humano de alto riesgo) e ITS mediante RCP (reacción en cadena de la polimerasa, PCR en inglés) para Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum y Trichomonas vaginalis. Resultados: La serie consta de 65 casos: 36 ASCUS y 29 LSIL. No hubo diferencias significativas en ningún parámetro entre ambos grupos. Las medias de edad fueron de 36,02 y 35,77 años, respectivamente. La paridad media fue 0,61 y 0,55 partos, respectivamente. Eran nuligestas el 44,44 y 48,27%, respectivamente. No hacían contracepción el 55,35 y 65,51%, respectivamente. Eran fumadoras el 25% en ASCUS y el 27,58% en LSIL. Hubo VPH negativo en el 41,66% en ASCUS y en el 31,03% en LSIL. El VPH-AR (+) se dio en el 68,33% en ASCUS y en el 68,96% en LSIL. Los VPH-AR más frecuentes fueron: otros de AR en el 50% en ASCUS y en el 62,06% en LSIL. VPH(+) e ITS (+) ocurrió en el 44,44% en ASCUS y en el 58,62% en LSIL, sin diferencias. El análisis para ITS fue negativo en el 30,55% en ASCUS y en el 20,68% en LSIL. Hubo más gérmenes detectados en el grupo LSIL, con diferencia significativa (p<0,05) para Gardnerella vaginalis, 17,24% en LSIL frente a 2,77% en ASCUS. Los gérmenes más frecuentes fueron: U. urealyticum en el 13,88% en ASCUS y en el 24,13% en LSIL; y U. parvum en el 36,11% en ASCUS y en el 44,82% en LSIL. Conclusion: El análisis de ITS es primordial, junto con la citología y el VPH, para detectar infecciones, a tratar, para poder regresar a la normalidad citológica


Objective: Prospective study along 4 months of STI (sexually transmitted infections) in women diagnosed with ASCUS (atypias of squamous cells of undetermined significance) and LSIL (low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion) in the cervicovaginal cytology by liquid medium. Design: Study of: age, parity, abortions, nulligravides, smokers, contraceptive methods, personal antecedents, cytology, HR-HPV(high-risk human papilloma virus) analysis, STI analysis by PCR (polymerase chain reaction) for: Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Ureaplasma urealyticum, Ureaplasma parvum, and Trichomonas vaginalis. Results: The series are 65 cases: 36 ASCUS and 29 LSIL. There weren't significant differences in any parameter between both groups. The means of age there were 36.02 and 35.77 years, respectively. The mean of parity was 0.61 and 0.55, respectively. They were nulligravides 44.44% in ASCUS and 48.27% in LSIL. No contraception was used in 55.35% in ASCUS and 65.51% in LSIL. The active smokers were 25% in ASCUS and 27.58% in LSIL. There was HPV negative in 41.66% in ASCUS and 31.03% in LSIL. There was HPV (+) in 68.33% in ASCUS and 68.86% in LSIL. The HPV-AR more frequent were: HR others in 50% in ASCUS and 62.06% in LSIL. HPV (+) and STI (+) occurred in 44.44% in ASCUS and 58.62% in LSIL. The STI analysis was negative in 30.55% in ASCUS and 20.68% in LSIL, without differences. There were more detected microorganisms in LSIL group, with significant difference (p<0.05) for Gardnerella vaginalis, 17,24% in LSIL versus 2,77% in ASCUS group. The more frequent microorganisms were: U. urealyticum, in 13.88% in ASCUS and 24.13% in LSIL; and U. parvum, in 36.11% in ASCUS and 44.82% in LSIL. Conclusion: The STI analysis is primordial, together to cytology and HPV-HR, for detect infections, to treat, to advance to the cytologic normality


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/diagnóstico , Neoplasias de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico , Células Escamosas Atípicas do Colo do Útero/citologia , Neoplasia Intraepitelial Cervical/diagnóstico , Lesões Intraepiteliais Escamosas Cervicais/diagnóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
13.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 686, 2019 Aug 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31382923

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Europe, the highest proportion of HIV diagnoses are in gay men and other men who have sex with men (MSM). Globally, HIV prevalence is particularly high among males who report selling sex, but rates among men who buy sex from other men are less clear. This study analyzed the association of transactional sex (TS) and HIV diagnosis, sexually transmitted infection (STI) diagnoses, and various drug use; and examined the variations in TS by payment direction. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional, non-randomized, observational study. This European MSM Internet Survey recruited MSM from 38 European countries. For descriptive purposes we stratified according to TS behavior (frequently selling sex, frequently buying sex, neither frequently selling nor buying sex in the previous 12 months), and we constructed separate multivariable logistic regression models to investigate whether engaging in TS accounted for some of the HIV- and STI diagnoses and drug use in this population. RESULTS: Of almost 161,000 sexually active MSM, 12.2% engaged in TS. The multivariable logistic regression results showed that relative to not frequently engaging in TS, frequently selling sex was independently associated with a higher odds of reporting diagnosed HIV (ever, adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 1.60, confidence interval [CI] 95% 1.39 to 1.85), bacterial STIs (past 12 months, aOR 1.75 CI 95% 1.54 to 2.00), using heroin or crack cocaine or injecting drugs (aOR 3.17, CI 95% 2.70 to 3.73), and using benzodiazepines (aOR 2.13, CI 95% 1.88 to 2.41). Compared to men not engaging in frequent TS, frequently buying sex was associated with a higher odds of using benzodiazepines (aOR 2.13, CI 95% 1.88 to 2.41). CONCLUSIONS: MSM who frequently sell sex suffer greater sexual- and substance use risks than other MSM, but both men who frequently sell and those who buy sex are more likely to use benzodiazepines. MSM who sell sex to other men constitute an important at-risk population who must be offered targeted health services.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Homossexualidade Masculina/estatística & dados numéricos , Trabalho Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Cocaína Crack , Estudos Transversais , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Heroína , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Razão de Chances , Fatores de Risco , Comportamento Sexual , Minorias Sexuais e de Gênero/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/transmissão , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
14.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 940-944, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438062

RESUMO

Current approaches to gathering sexually transmitted infection (STI) case information for surveillance efforts are inefficient and lead to underreporting of disease burden. Electronic health information systems offer an opportunity to improve how STI case information can be gathered and reported to public health authorities. To test the feasibility of a standards-based application designed to automate STI case information collection and reporting, we conducted a pilot study where electronic laboratory messages triggered a FHIR-based application to query a patient's electronic health record for details needed for an electronic case report (eCR). Out of 214 cases observed during a one week period, 181 (84.6%) could be successfully confirmed automatically using the FHIR-based application. Data quality and information representation challenges were identified that will require collaborative efforts to improve the structure of electronic clinical messages as well as the robustness of the FHIR application.


Assuntos
Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Registros de Saúde Pessoal , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Saúde Pública , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis
15.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 2003-2004, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438450

RESUMO

We compared in-person and online training in a statewide education program to disseminate HIV, HCV, and STD clinical evidence. In a study period of three months, 250 clinicians completed four training courses delivered in dual formats. Course evaluation was positive regarding useful information, easy comprehension, knowledgeable trainer, appropriate format, knowledge increase, intention to use knowledge, and plan to change practice. Online training became a preferred format by clinicians when compared to in-person training (p=0.01).


Assuntos
HIV , Hepatite C , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Humanos , Internet
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16401, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393348

RESUMO

Viral hepatitis is caused by different etiological agents with distinct epidemiological, clinical, and laboratory characteristics accounting for significant worldwide morbidity and mortality. Since 1996, the Brazilian Department of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) and Viral Hepatitis (DIAHV) in collaboration with the Ministry of Defense has been conducting periodic serosurveys of conscripts enlisted for the Brazilian army to assess STI prevalence and obtain data on knowledge and risk factors pertaining to STIs. This article aims to present the hepatitis B (hepatitis B surface antigen - HBsAg) and C (anti-HCV) seroprevalence estimates and risk factors as per the 8th edition of the Conscript Survey performed in 2016.This cross-sectional study was conducted among conscripts across Brazil aged 17 to 22 years from August to December 2016. It included a self-reported questionnaire and blood testing for syphilis, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and hepatitis B and C.In total 38,247 conscripts were enrolled; after applying exclusion criteria, 37,282 conscripts were included. The estimated HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalence rates were 0.22% and 0.28%, respectively. Higher HBsAg and anti-HCV prevalence rates were observed in the North Region (0.49%) and in the Central-west Region (0.65%), respectively. Regarding hepatitis B vaccination, 23.5% (n = 8412) of the individuals reported being unvaccinated and 47.4% (n = 16,970) did not know if they had been vaccinated. Among the anti-HCV positive conscripts, 53% (n = 51, 0.56%, P = .049) reported that they had never had sexual intercourse. Regarding self-reported STI status, most of the positive anti-HCV (n = 100, 0.29%, P < .01) and positive HBsAg (n = 76, 0.22%, P = .205) conscripts reported not having a STI. From those who tested positive for HBsAg, 89% (n = 42, 0.28%, P = .005) reported not making consistent use of condoms with steady partners.Our data suggest a low prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections among Brazilian young men, and relatively low rates of self-reported HBV immunization. History of STIs, higher number of partners, inconsistent use of condoms, and lack of awareness of routes of transmission were significantly associated with HBV and HCV infections. To achieve the World Health Organization's goal of viral hepatitis elimination, access to hepatitis information, testing, and surveillance need to be improved.


Assuntos
Hepatite B/epidemiologia , Hepatite C/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Preservativos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Escolaridade , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Hepatite B/imunologia , Hepatite B/prevenção & controle , Antígenos de Superfície da Hepatite B/sangue , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/administração & dosagem , Hepatite C/imunologia , Anticorpos Anti-Hepatite C/sangue , Humanos , Masculino , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Estudos Soroepidemiológicos , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
17.
Rev Med Suisse ; 15(658): 1397-1400, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411830

RESUMO

While some sexual traumas are anecdotal, others are more serious and require specific and urgent medical care. This article reviews the main problems that can arise during sexual acts and reminds the importance of detecting and treating sexually transmitted diseases.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento , Delitos Sexuais , Comportamento Sexual , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Humanos
18.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1102, 2019 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412831

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality among women, particularly in low-resource countries like Ethiopia. Early screening for pre-cervical cancer is a key intervention in reduction of maternal deaths. We assessed uptake of pre-cervical cancer screening and its associated factors among women of reproductive age in Debre Markos town in northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community-based, cross-sectional study was conducted among 517 women of reproductive age. A multistage sampling technique was used to select study participants. Kebeles (sub-districts) were selected by a simple random sampling technique.Data was entered using Epi Info and analyzed by SPSS. Variables in binary logistic regression with a P value < 0.2 were fitted to multivariable logistic regression. Significant variables were declared at 95% CI and an AOR of P value < 0.05. RESULTS: A total of 517 women were interviewed with100% response rate. Results revealed only 108 women (20.9%) [95% CI =17.6-24.6] had been screened for pre-cervical cancer. Participants ages 35-49 [AOR = 3.21, 95% CI: 1.40, 7.39] informed by health professionals about cervical cancer [AOR = 6.65, 95% CI: 3.64, 12.15], positive attitude to screening [AOR = 3.38, 95% CI: 1.92, 7.61], visited health institution once or more in a year [AOR = 6.72, 95% CI: 2.40, 18.79], visited health institution once or more in two years [AOR = 3.76, 95% CI = 1.39, 10.19], history of sexually transmitted infections [AOR = 2.37, 95% CI: 1.11, 5.07] and family history of cervical cancer [AOR = 4.95, 95%CI: 1.62,15.15] were significantly associated with pre-cervical cancer screening. CONCLUSION: Uptake of pre-cervical cancer screening was found to be low among women of reproductive age. Age, attitude, informed by health provider, visiting health institution, history of sexually transmitted infections and family history of cervical cancer were found to be significantly associated with higher uptake of screening. To scale up currently limited uptake of pre-cervical cancer screening, community health education should be undertaken, leading to attitude change for young women.


Assuntos
Detecção Precoce de Câncer/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/prevenção & controle , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Estudos Transversais , Etiópia , Feminino , Instalações de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Anamnese , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/epidemiologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Adulto Jovem
19.
AIDS Behav ; 23(9): 2253-2272, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401741

RESUMO

A systematic review was conducted to summarize and appraise the eHealth interventions addressing HIV/STI prevention among men who have sex with men (MSM), and characterize features of successful eHealth interventions. Fifty-five articles (17 pilots and 38 full efficacy trials) were included with the predominance of web-based interventions in the United States-based settings. Intervention modalities include web-based, short message service (SMS)/text messges/email reminder, online video-based, computer-assisted, multimedia-based, social network, live chat and chat room, virtual simulation intervention, and smartphone applications. Forty-nine eHealth interventions achieved a short-term behaviour change among participants. Four studies were conducted with 12-month follow-ups; and only one of them could maintain the behaviour change over this longer time period which could be due to the lack of booster interventions. Our study suggests that eHealth interventions can achieve short term behaviour change among MSM, however limited interventions could maintain behaviour change over 12 months. Further eHealth intervention strategies to promote HIV prevention among MSM should be conducted and rigorously evaluated.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/prevenção & controle , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Homossexualidade Masculina , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/prevenção & controle , Telemedicina , Adulto , Humanos , Masculino , Comportamento de Redução do Risco , Mensagem de Texto
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