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1.
Histopathology ; 74(1): 184-212, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30565309

RESUMO

This article begins with the testis and a legendary figure, Sir Astley Cooper, who wrote an early text on the organ. The early 20th century saw the first major development, the description of the seminoma by the French investigator Maurice Chevassu, but the pace of knowledge did not accelerate until after World War II with a major article from the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology (AFIP) by Nathan B. Friedman and Robert A. Moore, soon followed by the first series testis fascicle by Frank J. Dixon and Moore. Other noteworthy contributions were made by two masters of gonadal pathology, Gunnar Teilum and Robert E. Scully. In the 1970s, Niels E. Skakkebaek played a seminal role in elaborating in-situ neoplasia of the testis. The school of British testicular tumour authored, in the mid-1970s, under the editorship of Roger C. B. Pugh, one of the best texts on testicular pathology. Advances in more recent years have been largely spearheaded by Thomas M. Ulbright of the Indiana University School of Medicine. Observations on the prostate gland date back to Andreas Vesalius and William Cheselden, the latter appearing to have introduced the word for the gland. Note is made of contributions on the anatomy and histology of the gland by Oswald Lowsley, L. M. Franks, and John McNeal. Diagnosing carcinoma of the prostate was brought into the modern age in a landmark 1953 article by Robert S. Totten et al. In the 1960s, Donald F. Gleason introduced a grading system that is now in use worldwide. The topic of premalignant lesions has been well established only for approximately three decades, based initially on the work of Dr McNeal and David G. Bostwick. One of the first to write a book on the bladder was the remarkable British surgeon-pathologist Sir Henry Thompson. Workers at the AFIP, including Colonel James E. Ash and Fatallah K. Mostofi, wrote many outstanding articles on bladder pathology. The roles of other institutions, such as Johns Hopkins University, the Mayo Clinic, and St Peter's Hospital Institute of Urology, London, and those who worked there are noted. Knowledge of the pathology of the urachus dates largely back to the remarkable book on the topic in 1916 by the Hopkins investigator Thomas S. Cullen. Information on renal tumours dates largely to the work of Paul Grawitz, but awareness of the many variants of renal cell carcinoma in general was slow to evolve, and has only accelerated in recent years. The AFIP group of Dr Mostofi, ably assisted by Colonel Charles J. Davis and Isabell A. Sesterhenn, has contributed to knowledge of renal neoplasia with articles of note on oncocytoma, metanephric adenoma, and medullary carcinoma. In the mid-1980s, the German workers Wolfgang Thoenes and Stephan Störkel recognised the distinctive tumour known as chromophobe renal cell carcinoma. Work on renal tumours in the young owes much to J. Bruce Beckwith. The observational talents of numerous investigators have, in just over a century, advanced our knowledge of diseases of the urinary tract and testis remarkably.


Assuntos
Patologia Clínica/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Urologia/história , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Masculino
2.
Urologiia ; (3): 149-152, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30035437

RESUMO

The article describes the achievements of James Israel and Max Nitze, who were successfully developing European medicine for more than 30 years of their scientific and practical activities, enriching it with both experimental and large clinical experience. Their scientific and practical accomplishments greatly contributed to the development of modern urology. The author analyzes the fact that the history of medicine gives rich material not only for understanding evolution but also for the possibility to foresee its further development. The current state of clinical urology has been achieved by the progress of basic research in biology, physics, biochemistry, bacteriology, immunology, pharmacology. At the same time, the personality of the scientist-physician, his observation, non-standard view, the ability to see the opening perspectives, to bring up worthy successors and create a scientific and clinical school of urologists, is of utmost importance. The great German urologists J. Israel and M. Nitze had all these fundamental characteristics of a great scientist-physician.


Assuntos
Medicina Clínica/história , Urologia/história , Medicina Clínica/tendências , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Doenças Urológicas/história , Doenças Urológicas/terapia , Urologia/tendências
4.
Urology ; 115: 3-7, 2018 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29545037

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the pioneering contributions of Dr. Robert Gibbons of Virginia Mason Medical Center to the evolution and development of the modern ureteral stent. METHODS: We reviewed Dr. Gibbons' extensive work through primary sources, including interviews, projector slides, radiology images, stent prototypes, his personal writings, and archived documents. In addition, we performed a review of historical texts and manuscripts describing important innovations in the development of the ureteral stent. RESULTS: In 1972, motivated by a desire to provide his patients with a long-term alternative to open nephrostomy and inspired by Drs. David Davis and Paul Zimskind, who in 1967 had described the use of indwelling ureteral silicone tubing, Dr. Gibbons began to experiment with modifications to improve upon existing stents. To address distal migration, Dr. Gibbons added "wings" that collapsed as the stent was advanced and expanded once in proper position to secure the stent in place. Barium was embedded into the proximal tip to facilitate radiographic visualization. A flange was added to the distal end, preventing proximal migration and minimizing trigonal irritation, and a tail was attached to aid in stent removal. The result was the original Gibbons stent, the first commercially available ureteral stent, and the establishment of Current Procedural Terminology code 52332, still used today. CONCLUSION: The ureteral stent is a fundamental component of urologic practice. In developing the Gibbons stent, Dr. Gibbons played a pivotal role in addressing the challenge of internal urinary diversion particularly for those who needed long-term management. Urologists and the patients they serve owe Dr. Gibbons and other surgeon-inventors a debt of gratitude for their innovative work.


Assuntos
Desenho de Equipamento/história , Stents/história , Cateteres Urinários/história , História do Século XX , Humanos , Invenções/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Doenças Urológicas/terapia
7.
Curr Urol Rep ; 19(3): 7, 2018 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29399714

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The practice of kidney autotransplantation (KAT) has become an increasingly favorable approach in the treatment of certain renovascular, ureteral, and malignant pathologies. Current KAT literature describes conventional open procedures, which are associated with substantial risks. We sought to compare previously reported outcomes, evaluate common surgical indications, and assess associated risks and benefits of current KAT methods. A thorough evaluation and review of the literature was performed with the keywords "autologous transplantation" and "kidney." RECENT FINDINGS: Early outcomes of robotic KAT are encouraging and have been associated with fewer complications and shorter hospital stay, but require robotic technique proficiency. KAT is an important method to manage selected complex urological pathologies. Robotic KAT is promising. Nevertheless, future studies should utilize larger patient cohorts to better assess the risks and benefits of KAT and to further validate this approach.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/métodos , Rim/cirurgia , Transplante Autólogo/métodos , Doenças Urológicas/cirurgia , Previsões , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Rim/irrigação sanguínea , Nefropatias/história , Nefropatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Rim/história , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Transplante Autólogo/história , Ureter/cirurgia , Doenças Ureterais/história , Doenças Ureterais/cirurgia , Doenças Urológicas/história
8.
Urologe A ; 56(3): 369-381, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28246758

RESUMO

In 1902, the Berlin Jewish urologist James Israel was nominated for the Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. Taking scholar, social, and political aspects into consideration, this biographical essay traces how James Israel gained a sound scientific reputation especially in kidney surgery within Imperial Germany and its antisemitic attitude and how he promoted urology to become a specialty in its own right.


Assuntos
Judeus/história , Nefrectomia/história , Prêmio Nobel , Preconceito/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Urologia/história , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
10.
Infez Med ; 24(2): 158-62, 2016 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27367329

RESUMO

Ugo Foscolo, was an Italian writer, revolutionary and poet whose works rank among the masterpieces of Italian literature. Talented and well educated in philosophy, classics and Italian literature, Foscolo gave literary expression to his ideological aspirations and to his numerous amorous experiences in odes, sonnets, plays, poems and an epistolary novel. Concurrent with his rich literary output, Foscolo's correspondence represents a unique perspective from which to monitor his literary and political views and investigate aspects of his everyday life. Among other interesting information, one can find elements of Foscolo medical history which is generally unknown. In the present article we investigate the longstanding lower urinary tract symptoms as reported by the poet in his correspondence to his family and friends.


Assuntos
Correspondência como Assunto/história , Pessoas Famosas , Literatura Moderna/história , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/história , Poesia como Assunto/história , Atitude Frente a Saúde , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/diagnóstico , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/psicologia , Doenças Urogenitais Masculinas/terapia , Qualidade de Vida , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis/história , Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Urológicas/história , Doenças Urológicas/psicologia , Doenças Urológicas/terapia , Urologia/história , Urologia/métodos
11.
Urologe A ; 55(6): 825-8, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27160773

RESUMO

C. E. Alken is regarded as the Nestor of German urology post World War II. His development path is given in brief and his specific contributions to the emancipation of the field are pointed out. In 1948 he received a teaching assignment in urology at Saarland State University Homburg, where in 1952, a Chair of Urology was established, and in 1958 he received the Ordinariat. The "Alken-Prize" which was named after him, is also presented.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/história , Docentes/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Urologia/história , Distinções e Prêmios , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos
13.
Urologe A ; 55(7): 974-80, 2016 Jul.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27220891

RESUMO

In recent years the regional aspects of medical history in the field of urology have been more intensively studied. There is already an interesting study on the history of urology in Rhineland. This article examines the checkered medical history aspects concerning urology in provincial areas of Germany, exemplified by the Bavarian town of Regensburg. The article combines the history of the over 1800-year-old town of Regensburg, one of the oldest German communities, with selected aspects of medical history and follows the route of "stones" from antiquity to the present day. The article explains what Regensburg, Galen of Pergamon and his professional colleagues from antiquity have in common, why monastery medicine was so successful here, how syphilis patients were treated in imperial cities (Reichsstädte), why one of the greatest "stone cutters" of the era met with an accident in the perpetual Reichstag town of Regensburg and how a main department of urology was finally founded after a delay but ultimately with tempo, which in 2003 led to the establishment of the most recent chair for urology in Germany.


Assuntos
Sífilis/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Urologia/história , Alemanha , História do Século XV , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , História do Século XVIII , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , História Medieval , Humanos
14.
Urologe A ; 55(4): 534-8, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27000284

RESUMO

The authors studied the publications written by the staff of the University Department of Urology in Budapest, Hungary between 1946 and 1956. The collection was contributed on the occasion of Professor Babics's 10-year-long chairmanship. Over a period of 10 years, 214 papers were published by 15 urologists, including 3 books and 3 PhD theses; 16 papers were published in German, 22 in English, 2 in French, and 1 in Italian. The most frequent topic of the papers (26) was basic science (e.g., ureter motility, lymph circulation, intrarenal pressure condition). Other papers dealt with nephrology, artificial kidneys, TURP, and nephron-sparing renal surgery. Some articles examined various types of malignant tumors and benign prostatic hyperplasia, while 17 publications focused on the topic of andrology. Tuberculosis was also discussed by the authors. Despite political isolation, the communist dictatorship, poverty, the lack of health equipment, physicians educated before WWII with their work morality and hard work managed to perform contemporary clinical and basic scientific research.


Assuntos
Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/história , Pesquisa Biomédica/história , Manuscritos Médicos como Assunto/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Unidade Hospitalar de Urologia/história , II Guerra Mundial , História do Século XX , Humanos , Ciência/história
15.
G Ital Nefrol ; 33 Suppl 66: 33.S66.18, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26913886

RESUMO

The medicinal use of herbs is a principal achievement of human ingenuity. The most renowned doctors of antiquity: Hippocrates, Dioscorides, Theophrastus, Pliny the Elder and Galen mentioned herbs in their works. The first printed herbal was published in Mainz in 1485. Outstanding scientists e.g. Otto Brunfels, Hieronymus Bock, Leonard Fuchs and Andreo Mattiola published herbals in the 16th century. Polish doctors also contributed to the development of herbal treatment. The first work: Of Herbs and their Potency by Stefan Falimirz, published in 1534, triggered other publications in the 16th century, the age of herbals. In 1542, Hieronymus Spiczynski published a herbal: Of Local and Overseas Herbs and their Potency. Then, in 1568, Marcin Siennik published his: Herbal, which is the Description of Local and Overseas Herbs, their Potency and Application. In 1595, Marcin of Urzedow published: The Polish Herbal, the Books of Herbs. Completed in mid-16th century, it was only published 22 years after his death. The last work discussed is Herbal Known in Latin as published in 1613 by Simon Syrenius a graduate of Ingolstadt and Padua universities and lecturer at the Academy of Krakow. The work was Europes most complete elaboration on herbal treatment. The herbs described in the herbals worked as diuretics, demulcents, analgesics, relaxants and preventives of kidney stones. Published in Polish, they are still to be found in Poland. All the works presented herein are held by the Library of the Seminary of Wloclawek, and the Ossolinski National Institute in Wroclaw.


Assuntos
Fitoterapia/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , História do Século XVI , História do Século XVII , Humanos , Polônia , Doenças Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Urologe A ; 54(11): 1622-30, 2015 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26450094

RESUMO

Like many other areas of medicine, dermatology with its comparatively high proportion of Jewish physicians was also not spared from the National Socialist appointment policy with dismissals, laws on "appreciation of the people", research influenced by National Socialist policies, and persecution of Jewish physicians. Prof. Abraham Aaron Buschke and Dr. Wilhelm Ludwig Lowenstein, who were the first to describe the Buschke-Lowenstein tumor, also suffered this destiny. In March 1933, Professor Buschke was dismissed from the position of directing physician at the Virchow Hospital in Berlin and in 1934 his teaching license was revoked. Despite affidavits of his "loyalty to the regime", Dr. Lowenstein fared the same treatment.


Assuntos
Judeus/história , Socialismo Nacional/história , Médicos/história , Racismo/história , Doenças Urológicas/história , Urologia/história , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
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