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1.
Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol ; 320(1): H52-H65, 2021 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33373275

RESUMO

Vascular cells restructure extracellular matrix in response to aging or changes in mechanical loading. Here, we characterized collagen architecture during age-related aortic remodeling in atherosclerosis-prone mice. We hypothesized that changes in collagen fiber orientation reflect an altered balance between passive and active forces acting on the arterial wall. We examined two factors that can alter this balance, endothelial dysfunction and reduced smooth muscle cell (SMC) contractility. Collagen fiber organization was visualized by second-harmonic generation microscopy in aortic adventitia of apolipoprotein E (apoE) knockout (KO) mice at 6 wk and 6 mo of age on a chow diet and at 7.5 mo of age on a Western diet (WD), using image analysis to yield mean fiber orientation. Adventitial collagen fibers became significantly more longitudinally oriented with aging in apoE knockout mice on chow diet. Conversely, fibers became more circumferentially oriented with aging in mice on WD. Total collagen content increased significantly with age in mice fed WD. We compared expression of endothelial nitric oxide synthase and acetylcholine-mediated nitric oxide release but found no evidence of endothelial dysfunction in older mice. Time-averaged volumetric blood flow in all groups showed no significant changes. Wire myography of aortic rings revealed decreases in active stress generation with age that were significantly exacerbated in WD mice. We conclude that the aorta displays a distinct remodeling response to atherogenic stimuli, indicated by altered collagen organization. Collagen reorganization can occur in the absence of altered hemodynamics and may represent an adaptive response to reduced active stress generation by vascular SMCs.NEW & NOTEWORTHY The following major observations were made in this study: 1) aortic adventitial collagen fibers become more longitudinally oriented with aging in apolipoprotein E knockout mice fed a chow diet; 2) conversely, adventitial collagen fibers become more circumferentially oriented with aging in apoE knockout mice fed a high-fat diet; 3) adventitial collagen content increases significantly with age in mice on a high-fat diet; 4) these alterations in collagen organization occur largely in the absence of hemodynamic changes; and 5) circumferential reorientation of collagen is associated with decreased active force generation (contractility) in aged mice on a high-fat diet.


Assuntos
Aorta Abdominal/patologia , Aorta Torácica/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Dieta Ocidental , Colágenos Fibrilares/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Fatores Etários , Animais , Aorta Abdominal/metabolismo , Aorta Abdominal/fisiopatologia , Aorta Torácica/metabolismo , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/genética , Doenças da Aorta/metabolismo , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Masculino , Camundongos Knockout para ApoE , Vasoconstrição
2.
Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; 60(3): 386-393, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32741679

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The current treatment for acute retrograde type A intramural haematoma (IMH) remains challenging. Aortic remodelling in both the ascending aorta (AA) and descending thoracic aorta (DTA) was evaluated and the 30 day and mid term outcomes were determined in patients who underwent thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) for retrograde type A IMH with a primary intimal tear or ulcer like projection in the DTA METHODS: This was a retrospective, multicentre observational study. Clinical data, including post-operative mortality and adverse event, aorta related re-intervention, aortic remodelling, and the survival rate of 18 non-consecutive patients with acute retrograde type A IMH undergoing TEVAR between June 2006 and March 2018 were reviewed. RESULTS: The median age at repair was 58.1 years (range 38-86) and 14 (78%) were men. Eight patients (44%) presented with haemopericardium, and 10 (56%) underwent TEVAR within 24 h. The mean IMH thickness and AA diameter were 10.4 ± 3.6 and 45.7 ± 4.6 mm, respectively. Among all patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, 11 patients presented with classical type B aortic dissection and seven with type B IMH. All procedures were technically successful. The median follow up was 28.7 months (range 7-78). No 30 day mortality was observed. Three patients developed post-procedure adverse events. Of these, two patients had neurological events, with one each having cerebrovascular and spinal cord infarction individually, and the third patient required long term haemodialysis with ventilator support. The overall survival rate was 100%. The maximum diameter of the AA and the IMH in the AA significantly decreased after TEVAR. Aortic remodelling was also observed in the DTA along the length of TEVAR coverage. CONCLUSION: In selected patients with acute retrograde type A IMH, TEVAR offered a treatment alternative to open surgical grafting and medical follow up.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Hematoma/cirurgia , Remodelação Vascular , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Prótese Vascular , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Feminino , Hematoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Hematoma/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Stents , Taiwan , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 418-425, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32768543

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The total endovascular approach is in current evolution, and many series have described variable outcomes for branched technology, chimney techniques, or fenestrated repair; and even a combination of some of them. We aim to describe the current outcomes on physician-modified endograft for the treatment of arch diseases. METHODS: The Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were used for this systematic review. The search was applied to MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We used the following search terms in all possible combinations: home-made, physician-modified, surgeon-modified, on-table modification, hand-made, endograft, endovascular, aortic arch, and TEVAR: a thorough search of the English-language literature published until March 2020 was performed to identify studies using physician-modified endograft for the treatment of arch diseases. Only studies with treatment of 3 patients or more and with a minimum of 6-month follow-up were enrolled in the systematic review, whereas case reports were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: Six articles participated in the systematic review after the exclusions, including a total of 239 patients for analysis. Four high-volume centers provided data including a high rate of single fenestrations in zone 2, accounting for nearly 70% of the cases. About 80.3% were males, and 67.4% received urgent treatment mainly for acute/subacute dissection (64.4%). Thoracic aortic aneurysm and/or postdissection arch aneurysm was the second leading cause of treatment with 25.9%. There was a technical success of 93.7% reaching up to 98.3% when additional procedures were performed. The 30-day mortality, stroke/transient ischemic attack, paraplegia, and stent-induced new entry rates were 2.9%, 2.1%, 0.4%, and 0.4%, respectively; whereas, overall mortality of the study was 4.6% at a mean follow-up of 33.2 ± 14.8 months. CONCLUSIONS: Endograft modification for aortic arch diseases' treatment demonstrates to be safe and highly effective, especially for aortic dissections needing single zone 2 fenestrations. Although outcomes achieved in the study seem encouraging, these are achieved at high-volume experienced centers, thus, they need to be judiciously evaluated, whereas proctoring may be a good alternative if one patient may benefit from the technique in an unexperienced center.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Desenho de Prótese , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
4.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 69: 441-446, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736023

RESUMO

Chronic juxtarenal aortoiliac occlusion (JRO) represents the most severe form of aortoiliac occlusive disease, classified under Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus (TASC II) as a TASC II D lesion with surgical treatment as the main recommendation. Although endovascular revascularization of other TASC II D lesions are routinely performed, JRO is often considered a contraindication for endovascular treatment due to the extensive nature, extending from the level of the renal arteries down to the iliac arteries. We hereby illustrate an intravascular ultrasound-guided re-entry based technique to facilitate endovascular reconstruction of a JRO. A 58-year-old man with JRO presented with an infected nonhealing forefoot ulcer. A transradial pigtail catheter was positioned at the level of the occlusion as an imaging catheter and landmark for re-entry. Subintimal wiring was performed through bilateral groin accesses to the level of the pigtail catheter. Intravascular-guided re-entry catheter was used to identify the true lumen guide firing of the needle catheter, allowing passage for a guidewire into the true lumen of the suprarenal aorta. The intimal fenestration was dilated using a 4-mm angioplasty balloon which allowed passage of the contralateral guidewire. Kissing stent grafts were deployed bilaterally, extending from the level of the infrarenal aorta down to the level of the distal external iliac arteries in overlapping fashion. Completion angiography showed brisk flow from the aorta through the stented portion into the femoral arteries. The patient underwent forefoot amputation 2 days later with successful wound healing and limb salvage at 6 months.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Doenças da Aorta/terapia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Úlcera do Pé/terapia , Artéria Ilíaca , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Amputação , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Doença Crônica , Úlcera do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera do Pé/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Resultado do Tratamento , Cicatrização
5.
Heart Fail Clin ; 16(3): 305-315, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32503754

RESUMO

Acute aortic syndromes are life-threatening medical conditions that include classic acute aortic dissection (AAD), aortic intramural hematoma, penetrating aortic ulcer, and even aortic pseudoaneurysm and traumatic aortic injury. The European Society of Cardiology has designed a multiparametric diagnostic algorithm to provide stepwise diagnosis. All patients with AAD should receive aggressive medical therapy to control blood pressure and heart rate. Urgent surgical repair is recommended for type A AAD. Uncomplicated type B AAD requires aggressive medical therapy. In contrast thoracic endovascular repair is recommended for complicated type B. AAD should be considered a lifelong disease that affects the entire aorta.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardiovasculares/métodos , Tratamento de Emergência/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Algoritmos , Doenças da Aorta/classificação , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/terapia , Humanos , Imagem Multimodal
6.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 785-791, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32495679

RESUMO

Purpose: To analyze the structural variation of the aortic arch and the supra-aortic arteries and establish an average spatial configuration that would be a pattern for a "universal double fenestration" design for physician-modified endovascular grafts (PMEGs) used in total thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Materials and Methods: Aortic arch morphology was retrospectively analyzed by reviewing the preoperative thoracic computed tomography angiography scans in 33 consecutive patients (mean age 68 years; 27 men) treated between January 2017 and March 2019 using double-fenestrated PMEGs for zone 0 TEVAR. Image analysis was completed according to a standardized technique on a vascular workstation with center lumen line reconstruction for all measurements. Variations in branching pattern of the aortic arch were classified into 8 types. Results: The arch trunk configuration was type I in 26 patients (79%), type II in 5 (15%), type III in 1, and type IV in 1. Mean aortic diameters at the level of mid ascending aorta, innominate artery (IA), left common carotid artery (LCCA), and left subclavian artery (LSA) were 35.7±3.7, 34.2±4.5, 33.3±6.7, and 33.7±4.7 mm, respectively. Mean diameters of the trunk were 12.2±1.7, 7.5±1.4, and 8.0±0.8 mm, respectively. Mean longitudinal center to center lengths were 15.9±2.5 mm between the LSA and LCCA and 12.1±3.0 mm between the LCCA and IA. Mean clock positions using the LSA as reference were 12:50 for the IA and 12:05 for the LCCA. In 32 patients (97%) all the supra-aortic branch vessels fit perfectly inside two delimited areas defined by a proximal common square area of 30×30 mm for the IA and LCCA and a second distal 8-mm-diameter circle for the LSA. Conclusion: Variations of the aortic arch anatomy are numerous and common. A general morphological pattern is described that delimits the aortic area where these variations occur. This information can be utilized for the design of an off-the-shelf double-fenestrated stent-graft for zone 0 TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 1-7, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32474143

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to compared outcomes of patients with aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD), limited to the common iliac artery, who underwent either aortoiliac thromboendarterectomy (AIE) or aortobiiliac bypass grafting (ABIB). METHODS: A single-center, retrospective analysis of consecutive patients with AIOD who underwent either AIE or ABIB between 2010 and 2019 from a prospective database. Patients with disease extending to the external iliac or common femoral arteries were excluded. Data collected included demographics, cardiovascular risk factors, indication for surgery, preoperative and postoperative ankle brachial indexes (ABIs), estimated blood loss, major adverse events (MAEs), and long-term patency. The study end point was clinical success, defined as improvement in ABIs with resolution of symptoms. MAEs included return to the operating room for any reason, postoperative myocardial infarction, stroke, pneumonia, or venous thromboembolism. RESULTS: Thirty-three patients, who met inclusion criteria, underwent repair for AIOD (AIE: 13; ABIB: 20) at our institution during this time. In both groups, there were more women than men (AIE: 11, ABIB: 10) with a mean age of 55 ± 7 years and 58 ± 6 years in the AIE and ABIB group, respectively. Indication for surgery included disabling claudication in 19 patients, ischemic rest pain in 13 patients, and tissue loss in one patient. No difference in cardiovascular risk factors or AIOD severity was noted between groups. Patients in the AIE group had slightly higher body mass index (30 ± 5 vs. 26 ± 6, P = 0.06). Two patients in each group required concomitant renal/mesenteric artery endarterectomy. One patient in the AIE group required bilateral femoral artery exposure and external iliac thrombectomy. MAEs (4 vs. 0) were higher in the ABIB group including, pneumonia in one patient, myocardial infarction in another, return to the operating room for evacuation of hematoma in the third and bypass graft thrombectomy with lower extremity angiography in the fourth patient. There were no differences in the intensive care unit or hospital length of stay between groups. Patients in both groups achieved return of normal ABI and complete resolution of their symptoms. At mean follow-up time of 43.4 ± 25.2 and 52.9 ± 35.4 months in the AIE and ABIB group, respectively, there was no symptomatic recurrence or need for reintervention while two patients in the ABIB group died of non-aortic-related issues. CONCLUSIONS: Both procedures were safe, effective, and conferred high long-term primary patency with no need for reintervention in patients with AIOD limited to the common iliac arteries.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Endarterectomia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Adulto , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Endarterectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
8.
Am J Cardiol ; 129: 87-94, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593432

RESUMO

Several studies have reported aortic dilation and increased stiffness of the ascending aorta in patients after repair of congenital heart disease (CHD), which may be a predominant cardiovascular risk. However, the clinical significance has not been described in detail. In this retrospective study, 175 repaired patients with complex CHD achieving biventricular circulation and age-matched 39 control subjects were reviewed (median age: 14.9 and 15.7 years, respectively). We measured the diameters of the ascending aorta and descending aorta from catheterization angiograms to yield Z-scores and stiffness indexes (ß) using diameter fluctuations corresponding to pulsatile pressures. Clinical profile, peak oxygen uptake during the cardiopulmonary exercise test, and incidence of unscheduled hospitalization during follow-up was also reviewed. Compared with controls, patients with complex CHD, except for those with aortic coarctation, exhibited significant dilation and increased stiffness of the aortic root and ascending aorta, but not of the descending aorta. In this CHD population (n = 147, including 112 conotruncal anomalies), exercise capacities correlated independently with the diameter Z-score and stiffness index of the ascending aorta along with the history of repetitive thoracotomies, reduced forced vital capacity, and right ventricular hypertension. During a follow-up period (median 15.6 years), either dilation (Z-score >3.5) or increased stiffness (ß >6.0) of the ascending aorta stratified morbidity, but no synergistic impact was detected. In conclusion, in repaired patients with complex CHD, a stiffened and dilated ascending aorta was frequently found, exerting significant adverse impacts on diminished exercise capacity and morbidity.


Assuntos
Aorta/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Tolerância ao Exercício/fisiologia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/fisiopatologia , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adolescente , Coartação Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Coartação Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Transposição das Grandes Artérias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Dilatação Patológica/fisiopatologia , Dupla Via de Saída do Ventrículo Direito/fisiopatologia , Dupla Via de Saída do Ventrículo Direito/cirurgia , Feminino , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tetralogia de Fallot/fisiopatologia , Tetralogia de Fallot/cirurgia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/fisiopatologia , Transposição dos Grandes Vasos/cirurgia , Persistência do Tronco Arterial/fisiopatologia , Persistência do Tronco Arterial/cirurgia
9.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 210-215, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534732

RESUMO

The clinical and imaging differences between bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients with medically managed asymptomatic moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis (AS) have not been studied previously. We aim to characterize these differences and their clinical outcomes in this study. A retrospective observational study was conducted on 836 consecutive cases of isolated asymptomatic moderate-to-severe AS, with median follow-up of 3.4 years. Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics were compared between BAV and TAV patients. Subgroup analysis stratified by AS severity were performed. Survival analysis of all-cause mortality was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards model. Compared to BAV patients, TAV patients were older (76 ± 11 vs 55 ± 16 years, p <0.001) and had more co-morbidities including hypertension (78% vs 56%; p <0.001), diabetes (41% vs 24%; p <0.001), and chronic kidney disease (20% vs 3%; p = 0.001). TAV patients had less severe aortic valve disease than BAV patients, with a higher aortic valve area index (0.71 ± 0.20 cm2/m2 vs 0.61 ± 0.18 cm2/m2, p <0.001) and less aortic dilation (sinotubular junction: 23.7 ± 4.0 mm vs 26.9 ± 4.8 mm, p <0.001; mid-ascending aorta: 31.4 ± 4.7 mm vs 36.3 ± 6.3 mm, p <0.001). TAV patients were more likely to have eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy and less likely to have a normal geometry (p = 0.003). Competing risk analysis identified increased age (hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.05, p <0.001) and LVEF (hazard ratio 0.98, 95% confidence interval 0.97 to 0.99, p <0.001) as independent risk factors of all-cause mortality. Valve morphology was not a significant independent risk factor for aortic valve replacement or mortality. In conclusion, asymptomatic TAV patients had more cardiovascular risk factors, less severe aortic valve disease, less sinotubular and mid-ascending aortic dilation, more severe LV remodeling.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças Assintomáticas , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causas de Morte , Dilatação Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dilatação Patológica/epidemiologia , Dilatação Patológica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico
10.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233321, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is well established that coronary artery disease progresses along with myocardial disease. However, data on the association between coronary artery calcium (CAC) and echocardiographic variables are lacking. METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 2,650 Framingham Study participants (mean age 51 yrs, 48% women; 40% with CAC>0), we related CT-based CAC score to left ventricular (LV) mass index (LVMi), LV ejection fraction (LVEF), E/e', global longitudinal strain (GLS), left atrial emptying fraction (LAEF), and aortic root diameter (AoR), using multivariable-adjusted generalized linear models. CAC score (independent variable) was used as log-transformed continuous [ln(CAC+1)] and as a categorical (0, 1-100, and ≥101) variable. Adjusting for standard risk factors, higher CAC score was associated with higher LVMi and AoR (ßLVMI per 1-SD increase 0.012, ßAoR 0.008; P<0.05, for both). Participants with 1≤CAC≤100 and those with CAC≥101 had higher AoR (ßAoR 0.013 and 0.020, respectively, P = 0.01) than those with CAC = 0. CAC score was not significantly associated with LVEF, E/e', GLS or LAEF. Age modified the association of CAC score with AoR; higher CAC scores were associated with larger AoR more strongly in older (>58 years; ßAoR0.0042;P<0.007) than in younger (≤58 years) participants (ßAoR0.0027;P<0.03). CONCLUSIONS: We observed that subclinical atherosclerosis was associated with ventricular and aortic remodeling. The prognostic significance of these associations warrants evaluation in additional mechanistic studies.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/complicações , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Cardiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Remodelação Ventricular , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Remodelamento Atrial , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Cardiopatias/complicações , Cardiopatias/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
11.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 434-441, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32422290

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The endovascular approach has been widely used for aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD), especially for aortic bifurcation and iliac artery Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II (TASC-II) A and B lesions. However, the outcomes of self-expanding covered stents (SECSs) for extensive aortoiliac lesion remain unclear. This study aimed to assess the short-term patency of kissing covered stents for the revascularization of aortoiliac TASC-II C and D diseases. METHODS: Thirty-three patients with TASC-II C and D lesions of AIOD were treated with kissing covered stents. All patients were reviewed under a standard institutional review board protocol. Demographic variables, lesion location and characteristics, stenting configuration, and patency were analyzed. RESULTS: Thirty-one male and 2 female patients with a mean age of 65.1 ± 10.7 years underwent aortoiliac bifurcation reconstruction with kissing SECSs. Eight patients had TASC-II C lesions, and 25 patients had TASC-II D lesions. Among them, 8 patients had total infrarenal aortoiliac occlusion, of which 5 had juxtarenal aortoiliac lesions. The mean lesion length was 11.6 ± 2.1 cm. Mean diameters of aorta and common iliac artery were 18.3 ± 2.1 and 10.7 ± 1.5 mm, respectively. Among them, the abutting stent configuration was used in 11 patients with short or focal ostial lesions, whereas the crossing stent configuration was used in 22 patients with longer lesions extending into the distal aorta. The mean follow-up was 24.5 ± 7.8 months, the follow-up rate was 93.9% (31 of 33), and 29 patients had follow-up longer than 12 months. Primary patency rate at 12 months was 96.5%, and secondary patency rate was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: The use of kissing SECSs for the revascularization of extensive AIOD is safe and effective. The short-term primary patency rates of endovascular treatment of TASC-II C and D lesions were favorable.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/terapia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Artéria Ilíaca , Stents , Idoso , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
12.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(5): 792-800, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32431247

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To describe the implantation steps and tips and tricks for the Inner Branch Arch Endograft designed to treat aortic arch aneurysm and chronic type A aortic dissection. TECHNIQUE: Anatomical suitability criteria should be met in order to use this device. The proximal segment of the graft lands in the ascending aorta distally to the sinotubular junction and the distal segment lands in the descending aorta. The device includes 2 inner branches; the proximal branch is used for a connection to the innominate artery (positioned slightly posterior at 12:30 o'clock), while the second branch is positioned slightly anterior at 11:30 o'clock and is used as a connection to the left common carotid artery. Access, implantation technique, deployment of the device, and catheterization of the branches are described thoroughly. CONCLUSION: This Inner Branch Arch Endograft is an appealing alternative to treat aortic arch pathology, especially in patients unsuitable for open repair. Nevertheless, complex aortic arch repair is associated with a learning curve. Meticulous preoperative planning and a high level of concentration intraoperatively are mandatory.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Desenho de Prótese , Stents , Aorta Torácica/anormalidades , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 572.e5-572.e7, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32445884

RESUMO

Aortoiliac endarterectomy was the standard treatment for aortoiliac occlusive disease before the availability of prosthetic graft material for aortobifemoral bypass, although the number of patients appropriate for this repair continues to diminish in the endovascular era. Patients with focal aortoiliac disease are often treated with bilateral "kissing" iliac stents through an endovascular approach. However, in patients with eccentric plaque morphology or smaller caliber vessels, the risk of distal embolization and vessel rupture is not insignificant. On the other hand, if the disease is localized to the distal aortic bifurcation, an open aortobifemoral bypass may be excessive and incur additional morbidity. Our case report reviews a 60-year-old woman who presented with lifestyle-limiting claudication from an isolated aortoiliac atherosclerotic plaque who we proceeded with an open aortoiliac endarterectomy.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Endarterectomia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Claudicação Intermitente/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Claudicação Intermitente/diagnóstico por imagem , Claudicação Intermitente/fisiopatologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(4): 753-763, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471542

RESUMO

Blood flow through the heart and great vessels is sensitive to time and multiple velocity directions. The assessment of its three-dimensional nature has been limited. Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allow the comprehensive visualization and quantification of in vivo flow dynamics using four-dimensional (4D)-flow MRI. In addition, the technique provides the opportunity to obtain advanced hemodynamic measures. This article introduces 4D-flow MRI as it is currently used for blood flow visualization and quantification of cardiac hemodynamic parameters. It discusses its advantages relative to other flow MRI techniques and describes its potential clinical applications.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador
15.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 68: 545-548, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32283304

RESUMO

The coral reef aorta (CRA) is a rare phenomenon of extreme calcification in the juxtarenal and suprarenal aorta. Open revascularization has an overall in-hospital mortality rate of 13%. We present a patient with a suprarenal CRA with colon ischemia. She has an extensive past medical history of percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and stenting of the celiac trunk (CT) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA). The computed tomography angiography showed a CRA of the suprarenal aorta with occlusion of the CT stent and near occlusion of the SMA stent. Our case illustrates that the CRA in the suprarenal part of the aorta can be treated well by chimney graft procedure, although owing to lack of long-term follow-up, it might be reserved for high-risk candidates for (thoraco)abdominal aortic surgery.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão , Doenças da Aorta/terapia , Colite Isquêmica/terapia , Calcificação Vascular/terapia , Idoso , Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Colite Isquêmica/diagnóstico por imagem , Colite Isquêmica/etiologia , Colite Isquêmica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Calcificação Vascular/complicações , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcificação Vascular/fisiopatologia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
16.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(3): 405-413, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32321357

RESUMO

Purpose: To report a technique of global cerebral embolic protection (CEP) designed for use during thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR). Technique: Arterial cannulas are inserted percutaneously in the right axillary artery (12-F) and left common carotid artery (LCCA; 10-F) to provide normothermic antegrade cerebral perfusion during TEVAR with neuromonitoring. Inferior vena cava blood is drawn using a 19-F femoral cannula, filtered, oxygenated, and delivered through independent roller pumps to the arterial cannulas. Static CEP is obtained by balloon occlusion of the 3 aortic arch branches proximally, resulting in complete separation of aortic and cerebral blood flow; static CEP is used during aortic endograft delivery and deployment. Dynamic CEP, obtained by creating flow reversal in the innominate artery and proximal LCCA, is used at all other times. Successful use of this CEP technique is illustrated in a patient with shaggy aorta undergoing fenestrated total arch TEVAR. Conclusion: Percutaneous normothermic bilateral antegrade cerebral perfusion provides effective CEP during TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Aterosclerose/cirurgia , Oclusão com Balão , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Circulação Cerebrovascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Embolia Intracraniana/prevenção & controle , Perfusão/métodos , Úlcera/cirurgia , Idoso , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aterosclerose/diagnóstico por imagem , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Embolia Intracraniana/etiologia , Embolia Intracraniana/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Resultado do Tratamento , Úlcera/diagnóstico por imagem , Úlcera/fisiopatologia
17.
J Endovasc Ther ; 27(2): 252-257, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32186260

RESUMO

Purpose: To evaluate the clinical and anatomical features of patients with arch pathology to better understand the applicability of the Zenith inner branched arch endograft (IBAE). Materials and Methods: A retrospective review was performed of 60 consecutive patients (mean age 62.5 years; 42 men) who presented with nonruptured aortic arch pathology at a single institution between 2009 and 2016. Patients were stratified into standard (no previous cardiac surgery, <80 years old, and no significant medical comorbidity), high (previous cardiac surgery or significant comorbidity), or prohibitive risk (turned down for operative intervention) for operative intervention. Anatomical measurements of the aorta were obtained on computed tomography scans; anatomical suitability was based on the device's instructions for use. Results: Overall, 27 (45%) patients had anatomy amenable to treatment with the existing IBAE. Inadequate proximal seal length and large ascending aortic diameters were the primary reasons for anatomical unsuitability. Shortening the inner curve seal zone from 25 to 15 mm and increasing the proximal seal zone diameter from 38 to 42 mm increased anatomical suitability to include 49 (82%) patients. Of these, 31 were in the high-risk cohort and 7 were deemed prohibitive risk; therefore, IBAE would have been strongly considered in these 38 patients. Conclusion: Based on anatomical criteria alone, nearly half of patients with aortic arch pathology have anatomy suitable to the Zenith IBAE in its current design. Arch branch vessel anatomy was not a limitation of the device. From a clinical standpoint, if endovascular repair were reserved for those at high or prohibitive risk for open repair, approximately 30% of patients would likely benefit from the IBAE in its current form.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/instrumentação , Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares/instrumentação , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Seleção de Pacientes , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Ann Vasc Surg ; 67: 148-157, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32205250

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to perform a postimplantation geometrical analysis and to evaluate early and mid-term outcomes of new-generation balloon-expandable covered stents, used in the kissing conformation to treat obstructive lesions involving the aortic bifurcation. METHODS: A single-center retrospective review of all patients who underwent endovascular reconstruction of the aortoiliac bifurcation for obstructive disease, with the use of Viabahn balloon expandable stents (VBX; W. L. Gore & Associates, Flagstaff, AZ) deployed in the kissing conformation, from March 2018 to June 2019 was carried out. Two same-size kissing VBXs were simultaneously deployed from the distal aorta (1.5-2 cm above the aortic bifurcation) to the common iliac arteries; a kissing post-ballooning using compliant balloons was routinely performed to flare the proximal part of the VBX, to adapt to the aortic diameter and morphology. A postoperative computed tomography (CT) angiogram was obtained for all patients for the geometrical assessment. "Precision" of deployment was measured as protrusion mismatch, intended as the longitudinal distance between the stents' proximal ends. "Conformability" was measured as radial mismatch (area and volume of the "dead space" between the stented lumen and the aortic wall) and D-ratio (ratio of the major and minor axes in the axial view). Symmetry was measured as the ratio between the minor diameter of the 2 kissing stents at the same level. RESULTS: Twenty-eight patients (56 limbs) underwent endovascular treatment with kissing VBXs for Trans-Atlantic Inter-Society Consensus II C (n = 10, 36%) or D (n = 18, 64%) lesions involving the aortic bifurcation. Two 8-mm diameter ("8L") VBX stents were used in most cases (n = 32, 57%). At the postoperative CT, the mean protrusion mismatch was 0.8 ± 1.7 mm and was <5 mm in all cases. The mean radial mismatch area was 20.4 ± 10.6 mm2, and the mean radial mismatch volume was 2442 ± 182 mm3. The mean D-ratio was 1.4 ± 0.2. Early procedural and postprocedural complication rates were 4% and 0%, respectively. After 9.7 ± 4.2 months of follow-up, no cases of limb occlusion or restenosis occurred. CONCLUSIONS: The use of kissing VBX stents may represent a valid option for the treatment of obstructive lesions involving the aortic bifurcation, with excellent early and mid-term outcomes and achievement of optimal stents geometry.


Assuntos
Angioplastia com Balão/instrumentação , Doenças da Aorta/terapia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Artéria Ilíaca , Stents , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia com Balão/efeitos adversos , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dados Preliminares , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
19.
J Vasc Surg ; 72(2): 726-737, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32171442

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is a paucity of good-quality evidence comparing direct surgical (DS) with endovascular/hybrid (EVH) revascularization for aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD). We aimed to perform a meta-analysis of studies comparing DS and EVH revascularization for AIOD. METHODS: PubMed, Ovid MEDLINE, Cochrane, and Embase databases were searched for studies comparing DS and EVH revascularization for AIOD from 2000 to 2018. Risk of bias assessment was performed using the Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies. Demographics, clinical presentation, and comorbidities of the two groups were compared. Kaplan-Meier curves from selected studies were digitized with WebPlotDigitizer. Meta-analysis was conducted using Review Manager, and outcome measures were compared. Subgroup analysis was performed for primary patency in the EVH group. RESULTS: Eleven observational studies were identified comparing a sample of 4030 patients. The median Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies score was 19 of 24. A total of 1679 and 2351 patients underwent DS and EVH techniques, respectively. No significant difference was found between means for sex, claudication, rest pain, tissue loss, preoperative ankle-brachial pressure index, and TransAtlantic Inter-Society Consensus C and D lesions in the two groups averaged across studies. However, the DS group had significantly younger patients (average age, 61.83 vs 66.77; P = .0011). The risk factors of the two groups, such as smoking, diabetes, ischemic heart disease, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, renal failure, and chronic lung disease, were comparable. Average hospital stay was significantly higher for the DS group (7.76 days vs 3.12 days; P = .025). Change in ankle-brachial pressure index, 30-day mortality, and 30-day graft/stent thrombosis were not significantly different for the groups. Overall, primary patency for a median follow-up of 50 months favored the DS group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.51; confidence interval [CI], 0.36-0.73; P = .0002). There was moderate heterogeneity among studies (I2 = 46%). The HR for the subgroup for which endovascular procedures were combined with common femoral endarterectomy was 0.43 compared with 0.88 for endovascular revascularization alone. Limb salvage was similar in both groups (HR, 1.10; CI, 0.74-1.64; P = .63), but overall survival after the procedure favored the DS group (HR, 0.75; CI, 0.60-0.94; P = .01; I2 = 0%). CONCLUSIONS: Moderate-quality studies showed that DS revascularization had significantly better primary patency than EVH revascularization for AIOD, although DS patients were younger and may have differed on other confounding variables. Both techniques had similar limb salvage rates, and the primary patency was better for endovascular revascularization combined with common femoral endarterectomy than for endovascular revascularization alone.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Doenças da Aorta/mortalidade , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/mortalidade , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese Vascular/mortalidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/mortalidade , Humanos , Artéria Ilíaca/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
20.
Angiology ; 71(6): 536-543, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32166960

RESUMO

Both essential hypertension (EH) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) can impair the elasticity of the ascending aorta. We prospectively enrolled 42 patients with T2DM, 44 patients with EH, 45 patients with T2DM and EH (T2DM + EH), and 41 healthy subjects (HS). They all underwent transthoracic echocardiography to measure ascending aorta inner diameters and a brachial blood pressure measurement to calculate aortic elastic parameters (ie, compliance, distensibility, strain, stiffness index, and Peterson elastic modulus). We found that there were no significant differences as regard with age, sex, body mass index, blood lipids and glucose, carotid atherosclerosis, and ascending aorta inner diameters among the 4 groups. The aortic elastic properties were significantly impaired in T2DM, EH, and T2DM + EH patients compared with the HS, and more impaired in EH and T2DM + EH patients than T2DM patients; there were no significant differences between EH and T2DM + EH patients. Our findings suggest that both T2DM and EH can impair aortic elastic properties. Essential hypertension may play a more important role in the process of ascending aorta sclerosis in patients with T2DM + EH.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Pressão Sanguínea , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Ecocardiografia , Hipertensão Essencial/complicações , Rigidez Vascular , Idoso , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Doenças da Aorta/etiologia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/fisiopatologia , Módulo de Elasticidade , Hipertensão Essencial/diagnóstico , Hipertensão Essencial/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco
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