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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e120, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146316

RESUMO

With the onset of the new coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the dental treatment of patients at risk of infection has become quite challenging. In view of this, patients with head and neck cancer may present with oral complications due to anticancer therapy, making dental assistance necessary. Thus, the objective of the study was to review the literature and critically discuss important concerns about the treatment of patients with head and neck cancer during the COVID-19 pandemic. Because dental professionals are in close contact with the main viral transmission routes, this study presents recommendations for management and protection during clinical dental care. The main characteristics and transmission routes of COVID-19 are also discussed. Dental professionals should control pain and the side effects of antineoplastic treatment and use preventive measures for infection control. During this pandemic, patients with head and neck cancer should not undergo elective procedures, even if they do not have symptoms or a history of COVID-19; therefore, in asymptomatic or painless cases, only preventive actions are recommended. In symptomatic or painful cases, precautions for safe interventional treatments must be implemented by following the hygiene measures recommended by health agencies and using personal protective equipment. During health crises, new protocols emerge for cancer treatment, and professionals must act with greater attention toward biosafety and updated knowledge. It is important to offer adequate individualized treatment based on the recommendations of preventative and interventional treatments so that patients can face this difficult period with optimized quality of life.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço , Doenças da Boca/terapia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/terapia , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22416, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019418

RESUMO

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) supresses immune system, primarily cell-mediated immunity. Cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4) cell count, viral load, and oral lesions are the most important laboratory parameters to evaluate the evolution of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The present study aims to determine the incidence of HIV-related oral lesions with CD4 cell count and viral load in Yunnan, China.A cross-sectional study was conducted from December 2007 to December 2009, in 1812 HIV positive patients from Department of Infectious Diseases in Kunming Third People's Hospital. CD4, CD8, and viral load data were collected and analyzed statistically using SPSS 11.3.Out of 1812 HIV positive patients, 929 (51.27%) were associated with 1 or more oral lesions. The most common oral lesions observed were Candida Pseudomembranous (13.75%), Candida erythematous (10.93%), Oral hairy leukoplakia (7.95%), Aphthous ulcer (6.18%), Herpes simplex infection (5.58%). In most patients with oral lesions, the CD4 cell count was < 200/µL. The incidence of oral lesions was lower when CD4 count was > 200/µL and with undetectable (P < .01) HIV viral load. Almost no oral lesions was observed when CD4 count > 500/µL (P < .01). With highly active antiretroviral therapy, reduction in HIV-related oral lesions was observed especially in Candida erythematous, Candida Pseudomembranous, Oral hairy leukoplakia, and Aphthous ulcer.The higher incidence of oral lesions with lower CD4 count (<200/µL) in HIV-infected patients indicated importance of CD4 cell count in identifying disease progression.


Assuntos
Contagem de Linfócito CD4/estatística & dados numéricos , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Carga Viral/fisiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/patologia , Adulto , Terapia Antirretroviral de Alta Atividade/métodos , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças da Boca/microbiologia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(5): 583-588, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085246

RESUMO

Epigenetics refers to a steady change in the level of gene expression caused by non-DNA sequence changes. Microbes can modulate host inflammation through epigenetic pathways to evade or expend immune responses. As an important part of human microbes, oral bacteria also have various epigenetic regulation mechanisms to affect host inflammatory responses. This article reviews the common pathways of epigenetic regulation in microbe infection and the regulation of host epigenetics by using oral microbes to provide a reference for the study of epigenetic-related mechanisms in oral diseases.


Assuntos
Epigênese Genética , Doenças da Boca , Bactérias , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Inflamação/genética
4.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 23: e200098, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027435

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between the impact of oral health on daily life and sociodemographic variables with oral parameters in adolescents living in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with data from 5,409 adolescents who participated in the "State Oral Health Survey of São Paulo - OH", 2015. The impact of oral health on daily life was assessed by the oral impacts on daily performances (OIDP) index, prevalence (presence or absence of impact) and severity of impact (OIDP scores). The negative binomial regression model (zeros-inflated) was used, considering the complex sampling and the sample weights. Prevalence ratio (PR), ratio of means (ROM) and confidence intervals (CI) were calculated. RESULTS: The prevalence of impact was 37.4%. After adjusting for the model, the impact was more prevalent (PR = 1.59; 95%CI 1.22 ‒ 1.81) and more severe (RR = 1.49; 95%CI 1.22 ‒ 1.81) among females. Compared to white-skin people, all remaining groups had a higher prevalence of impact. Among socioeconomic characteristics, family income higher than R$ 2,501 (RR = 0.79; 95%CI 0.64 ‒ 0.98) and household crowding (RR = 1.18; 95%CI 1.00 ‒ 1.39) were associated with the severity of impact. In the oral health conditions, untreated caries (PR = 1.46; 95%CI 1.23 ‒ 1.74) and gingival bleeding (PR = 1.35; 95%CI 1.14 ‒ 1.60) were associated with higher prevalence of impact. CONCLUSION: Females, non-whites, with untreated caries and gingival bleeding were associated with higher impact of oral health on daily life. Family income higher than R$ 2,500 and living in less crowded households were factors associated with less impact.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores Socioeconômicos
5.
J Contemp Dent Pract ; 21(7): 748-755, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33020357

RESUMO

AIM: The association between oral health and overall health has been broadly documented in the past few years and is supported by a rapidly growing body of evidence. Interventional studies were able to establish a linkage between dental intervention and its influence on medical situations. This study tried to determine whether the overall health of a subject may be correlated to radiographically noticeable dental pathology. There was a need to test a null theory of whether subjects having good oral health state had fewer systemic illnesses. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective panoramic radiographic study of 400 radiographs of 200 women and 200 men. Subjects were divided into a control group of subjects with no medical history, and a second group with patients who had presented with a medical history. A panoramic radiograph was observed for periapical radiolucency, caries, remaining teeth, remaining root, horizontal, and vertical bone loss. The oral index (OI) was calculated and correlated with the medical status of the patient. RESULTS: Men demonstrated a higher incidence of horizontal bone loss and missing teeth. On the contrary, women showed higher incidences of vertical bone loss, compromised periapical index, and a greater number of root canal treated teeth. Patients having a medical history had a significant percentage of the increased number of periapical lesions, tooth loss, poor quality root canal treatment, and periapical index. Patients with both diabetes mellitus (DM) and hypertension [HTN (61.3%)], anemia (75%), prostate disease (100%), and disabilities such as hearing impairment and mental retardation (100%) had significantly higher percentages of the bad OI. CONCLUSION: Most patients with medical history demonstrated a significantly poor OI than those with no medical history. The present research contributes to scientific works by probing the relationship between oral health and the overall well-being. Increasing the sample size and interventional studies are needed as an extension of the current research. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Panoramic radiograph is commonly practiced as a screening radiograph in a dental setup. By calculating an OI of each patient based on certain dental conditions, it can help in revealing the burden of medical diseases on oral health and vice versa.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Doenças da Boca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Radiografia Panorâmica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular
6.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(10): 722-728, 2020 Oct 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33045782

RESUMO

Concerning the complexities of many difficult oral diseases, how to make comprehensive diagnosis and carry out optimal treatment with high quality for an oral disease has always been the focus of clinical work. Oral multidisciplinary team (OMDT) provides new therapeutic approach for the complicated oral diseases. It is an effective supplement to the traditional specialty-oriented dental treatment mode and becomes the developmental trend of stomatology. Many difficult cases were reported to achieve good results by using multidisciplinary approach in recent years, but the complete concept system and the operation mode of OMDT have not been formed yet. On the basis of previous studies and years of clinical exploration, the author puts forward the concept of OMDT in both narrow sense and broad sense. The OMDT system was elaborately constructed and implemented from the aspects of objectives, essential requirements, organizational structure, operation mode, management framework, system guarantee, quality control and effect evaluation. To build a standardized and mature OMDT system will promote the overall level of stomatology in China.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Medicina Bucal , China , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente
7.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(3): 90-94, sept. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1128958

RESUMO

Las afecciones bucodentales constituyen un problema de salud pública por su alta prevalencia y su fuerte impacto individual y colectivo en términos de dolor, malestar y discapacidad social y funcional. El Centro de Medicina Familiar y Comunitaria San Pantaleón, ubicado en la provincia de Buenos Aires, brinda asistencia sanitaria gratuita a la comunidad. Un relevamiento documentó que el 97% de los concurrentes presentaba caries y no se lavaban los dientes por falta de cepillo y pasta dental. Se decidió llevar adelante un programa de promoción de la salud bucodental. El objetivo fue evaluar su implementación; que incluyó: a) rastreo de caries y problemas odontológicos; b) coordinación interinstitucional; c) entrega de cepillos y pasta dental; d) intervención educativa; e) extensión comunitaria. Participaron en forma irregular 120 niñas, niños y adolescentes entre 5 y 18 años del Centro de Apoyo Escolar Fundación Bajo Boulogne. Se realizaron dos encuentros educativos y entrega de cepillos y pasta dental. En la revisión odontológica inicial sobre 60 participantes se detectaron caries en 43 (71,6%), que fueron derivados para tratamiento odontológico, pero concurrieron solo 26 (60,4%). El conocimiento sobre salud bucodental mostró cambios entre los más pequeños luego de las intervenciones educativas. Se logró implementar el programa, cumplimentando las actividades propuestas. Pero surgieron barreras que dificultaron la cobertura. En cuanto a la eficacia de la intervención educativa, no se logró mostrar cambios en el conocimiento. Se consiguió la detección oportuna, la incorporación de hábitos como el cepillado dentro de la institución educativa, la articulación para mejorar el acceso a la atención y la vinculación entre los diferentes actores comunitarios. (AU)


Oral disorders are a public health problem due to their high prevalence and their strong individual and collective impact in terms of pain, discomfort, and social and functional disability. The San Pantaleón Family and Community Medicine Center, located in the province of Buenos Aires, provides free healthcare to the community. A survey documented that 97% of those present had cavities and did not brush their teeth due to a lack of brush and toothpaste. It was decided to carry out an oral health promotion program. The objective was to evaluate its implementation; which included: a) tracking of caries and dental problems; b) inter-institutional coordination; c) delivery of brushes and toothpaste; d) educational intervention; e) community extension. 120 girls and boys and adolescents between 5 and 18 years of age from the Bajo Boulogne Foundation School Support Center irregularly participated. Two educational meetings were held, handing out brushes and toothpaste. In the initial dental review of 60 participants, caries was detected in 43 (71.6%), who were referred for dental treatment, with only 26 (60.4%) concurring. Oral health knowledge showed changes among the youngest after educational interventions. It was possible to implement the program, completing the proposed activities. Barriers arose that made coverage difficult. Regarding the effectiveness of the educational intervention, it was not possible to show changes in knowledge. Timely detection was achieved, the incorporation of habits such as brushing within the educational institution, articulation to improve access to care and the link between the different community actors. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Saúde Bucal/educação , Educação em Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Argentina , Serviços de Saúde Escolar/estatística & dados numéricos , Escovação Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/tendências , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Pública/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/métodos , Educação em Saúde Bucal/tendências , Odontologia Comunitária/educação , Odontologia Comunitária/estatística & dados numéricos , Cárie Dentária/diagnóstico , Cárie Dentária/prevenção & controle , Cooperação e Adesão ao Tratamento , Doenças da Boca/prevenção & controle
8.
Spec Care Dentist ; 40(6): 555-560, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32882068

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Vesiculobullous and macular lesions in the oral mucosa have been reported in patients positive for SARS-CoV-2 infection. Nonetheless, the significance and physiopathology of oral manifestations have not been clearly established in the clinical progression or outcome of the infection. AIM: To describe the clinico-pathological oral mucosal lesions in four patients with confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS AND RESULTS: Four patients with COVID-19 disease and confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) presented angina bullosa hemorragica-like lesion, vascular disorder, and nonspecific stomatitis, one patient with histological analysis demonstrated perivascular reactive lymphocitic infliltrate, focal capillary thrombosis, and hemorrhage. According to the discrimination of other local and systemic conditions and the synchronous onset of oral and systemic symptoms, the diagnosis of oral lesions probably associated with COVID-19 was established. CONCLUSION: Infection with SARS-CoV-2 may result in oral manifestations with various clinical presentations, which presumably support the hypothesis of thrombi formation and vasculitis; nevertheless, these findings need more evidence and a long-term follow up of patients to accurately establish the significance of the oral mucosa affection in the COVID-19 disease.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Doenças da Boca , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
9.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 38(4): 431-437, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865364

RESUMO

Oral cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the head and neck, and is one of the world's top ten malignancies. Microbial infection is an important risk factor of oral cancer. Candida albicans is the most popular opportunistic fungal pathogen. Epidemiological studies have shown that Candida albicans is closely tied to oral malignancy. Animal experimentation have also proven that infection of Candida albicans can promote the development of oral epithelial carcinogenesis. The current studies have revealed several mechanisms involved in this process, including destroying the epithelial barrier, producing carcinogenic substances (nitrosamines, acetaldehyde), inducing chronic inflammation, activating immune response, etc. However, current researches on mechanisms are still inadequate, and some hypotheses remain controversial. Here, we review the findings related to Candida albicans' effect on the malignant transformation of oral mucosa, hoping to provide reference for deep research and controlling oral cancer clinically.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Neoplasias Bucais , Animais , Candida albicans , Carcinogênese , Mucosa Bucal
10.
Prim Dent J ; 9(3): 45-53, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32940585

RESUMO

With the projected increase to 1.3 billion people aged 65 years or older by 2040, healthcare professionals are faced with significant challenges in managing this population of patients. In the oral cavity, oral mucosal disease is a significant problem found in older populations. Several facial pain conditions are more likely to be seen in this cohort of patients. Although management of this group of patients may not always be appropriate in general practice, an awareness of the range of oral medicine conditions that may be encountered in older patients is essential to allow prompt referral and treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças da Boca , Idoso , Dor Facial , Humanos
12.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 59-68, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862522

RESUMO

This Basic Science Workshop addressed the oral microbiome. At the 7th World Workshop on Oral Health & Disease in HIV/AIDS in India in 2014, some aspects of the human microbiome were discussed, and research questions formulated. Since that time, there have been major advances in technology, which have stimulated a number of publications on many aspects of the human microbiome, including the oral cavity. This workshop aimed to summarize current understanding of the "normal" microbiome of the oral cavity compared to that during HIV infection, and how oral immune factors and other clinical variables alter or control the oral microbiome. An important question is whether successful treatment with anti-retroviral therapy, which leads to a significant drop in viral loads and immune reconstitution, is associated with any change or recovery of the oral microbiome. Additionally, the workshop addressed the issue of which parameters are most appropriate/correct to evaluate the oral microbiome and how clinically relevant are shifts/changes in the oral microbiome. The workshop evaluated current knowledge in five research areas related to five basic questions and identified further topics where further research is required.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV , Microbiota , Doenças da Boca , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/microbiologia , Humanos , Índia , Doenças da Boca/microbiologia , Doenças da Boca/virologia
13.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 3-8, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862530

RESUMO

The first World Workshop on Oral AIDS was held in San Diego in 1988, organized by John and Deborah Greenspan who saw the need and advantages of getting together all those health workers globally who were interested in oral aspects of HIV with a common purpose of advancing the field collectively and collaboratively. Since that time and over the following 30 years, World Workshops on oral HIV have been held every four years or so. The aims of the first and all subsequent Workshops were to bring together clinicians and non-clinical scientists who have an interest in the oral manifestations of HIV disease, to share worldwide perspectives, knowledge and understanding of oral health and disease in HIV infection, to agree on global definitions and classifications of oral diseases and to identify research needs taking account of the worldwide perspectives and opportunities. Thus, there have been clinical science, social science and basic science aspects of each World Workshop. The Workshops have achieved their aims and have had impact in all three fields, leading to robust research agendas, changes in national HIV policies and international collaborations. They have led to policy declarations of access to oral care as a basic human right for both HIV-positive and HIV-negative individuals and advancing the rights of all HIV-positive healthcare workers to perform clinical practice.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida , Infecções por HIV , Doenças da Boca , Saúde Bucal , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/complicações , Síndrome de Imunodeficiência Adquirida/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia
14.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 22-27, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862536

RESUMO

The significance of the oral manifestations of HIV has been widely recognised since the start of the epidemic. It is estimated that more than 38 million people are living with HIV currently, with more than a third presenting with oral manifestations. Access to optimum clinical management and effective treatment in resource-rich countries has led to a remarkable decrease in some of the oral manifestations in the HIV population but this is not mirrored in developing countries, where most HIV-positive patients reside. In this paper, a review of the literature since the start of the HIV infection in different parts of the world is presented to highlight the current significance of the oral conditions in this population. Oral candidiasis was repeatedly reported as the most encountered oral manifestation of HIV in different countries, including in studies on groups on anti-retroviral therapy. Over time salivary gland disease was reported less in developed countries but was encountered more in developing countries. There is evidence to show that the prevalence of oral warts increased with the establishment of anti-retroviral therapy. A review of the worldwide prevalence of HIV-related oral conditions indicates that except for oral hairy leucoplakia, the prevalence of all other nine commonly reported oral conditions remained the same or increased over time. Oral opportunistic infections in HIV-infected patients are an ongoing clinical burden mainly in developing countries. Maintaining research in the subject and improving access to HIV treatment will help address the oral health inequalities around the world.


Assuntos
Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS , Candidíase Bucal , Infecções por HIV , Doenças da Boca , Infecções Oportunistas Relacionadas com a AIDS/epidemiologia , Candidíase Bucal/epidemiologia , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Leucoplasia Pilosa/epidemiologia , Leucoplasia Pilosa/etiologia , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/etiologia , Prevalência
15.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 80-90, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862541

RESUMO

As a result of the extension of life span produced by increasing access to combined antiretroviral therapy, people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWH) face new challenges from comorbidities. Although advances in medical care for HIV infection have dramatically reduced opportunistic infections and AIDS-defining cancers, some non-AIDS-defining cancers (NADC) and specific oral diseases such as periodontitis and salivary gland disease are now more prevalent. Cancer prevention is, therefore, a priority issue in care of PLWH, stressing both restoration of immune function and reduction of non-HIV cancer risk factors (tobacco in all its forms; areca nut; heavy alcohol consumption; diets lacking antioxidant vitamins and minerals; and oncogenic virus infections) through specific interventions, especially tobacco and areca nut cessation and alcohol moderation. Detection of oral high-risk human papillomaviruses (HR-HPV) and the universal preventive HPV vaccination among PLWH should be promoted to reduce the malignancy burden, along with routine oral examinations which remain the cheapest, most reliable, most reproducible, and non-invasive tool to identify suspicious lesions. Also, considerations of oral inflammation and periodontal health are important to replication and gene expression of viruses in the mouth. Considering that a key risk factor for this scenario is the presence of oncogenic virus infection such as several members of the human herpesvirus and human papillomavirus families, here we analyze the variables involved in the seeming increase in comorbidities in PLWH.


Assuntos
Antirretrovirais , Infecções por HIV , Doenças da Boca , Neoplasias , Antirretrovirais/efeitos adversos , Antirretrovirais/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/epidemiologia , Doenças da Boca/virologia , Neoplasias/epidemiologia , Papillomaviridae
16.
Oral Dis ; 26 Suppl 1: 133-136, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To review the existing research literature on the paradigm that the oral lesions could be an indicator of the disease severity with the objective of documenting the current status of research, highlighting its major findings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Publications were identified through a careful search, of which a majority focused on oral lesions as an indicator for HIV progression. A PubMed journal search of 10 years OF period publication (2009-2019) for "oral lesion, oral manifestation, indicator, HIV and HIV-associated" was performed and analysed. Various research methods were included within the study criteria including clinical study, clinical trial, comparative study and randomised control trial. RESULTS: A total 33 studies were obtained and analysed, including cohort study, cross-sectional study, case-control study, clinical trial, retrospective observational analysis study, prospective observational study and randomised control trial. The most common oral lesions found in the studies were Kaposi sarcoma (KS), followed by oral candidiasis, periodontitis, necrotising ulcerative gingivitis (NUG), necrotising ulcerative periodontitis (NUP) and oral hairy leucoplakia (OHL). The early diagnosis and accurate treatment plan were very important to indicate the disease severity related to HIV infection. CONCLUSION: Oral lesions reported in 39% articles and could be an indicator of HIV disease severity due to its effects on decreased cluster-differentiated (CD4+) T-cell count and increased viral load.


Assuntos
Candidíase Bucal , Infecções por HIV , Doenças da Boca , Contagem de Linfócito CD4 , Candidíase Bucal/diagnóstico , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos Transversais , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Leucoplasia Pilosa/diagnóstico , Leucoplasia Pilosa/etiologia , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Doenças da Boca/virologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
17.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 58(8): 1029-1033, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811723

RESUMO

Cervicofacial infections of dental aetiology can be life-threatening and with the closure of dental practices following the onset of the COVID-19, it would be anticipated that their prevalence presenting to maxillofacial surgery would increase and services may be overwhelmed, with patients presenting later with a potential subsequent increase in morbidity. A retrospective analysis of patients with cervicofacial infection of dental aetiology referred to maxillofacial surgery during the initial six weeks of COVID-19 lockdown in 2020 was carried out and compared with the equivalent period in the two preceding years. Unexpectedly, during COVID-19 lockdown, there was a reduction in patients seen with cervicofacial infection of dental aetiology. This may have resulted from patient adherence to government guidelines "Stay at home", successful triaging of patients in primary care and emergency treatment provided by urgent dental care centres. Proportionally more patients who presented to hospital had received prior antibiotic therapy and required in-patient admission. All patients admitted received incision and drainage, with an increase extraoral drainage and an associated reduction in length of stay. During COVID-19 lockdown, maxillofacial managed a reduced number of patients with cervicofacial infection, likely resulting from primary and secondary dental care working together. The rate of incision and drainage of patients not admitted increased under local anaesthesia with increase of extraoral drainage and reduced length of stay for those admitted.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Doenças da Boca , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Humanos , Infecções/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal ; 25(6): e805-e809, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32851991

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To analyze the presence of burning mouth syndrome (BMS) in a group of patients diagnosed with oral lichenoid disease (OLD). MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective study of 217 patients diagnosed with OLD; 158 (72,8%) women and 59 (27,2%) men, with an average age upon diagnosis of 56,4 years (SD 11,88). We carried out a detailed and complete characterization of symptoms, with special emphasis on BMS diagnostic data specified by the International Headache Society. RESULTS: Four patients (1.8%) presented with long-term clinical symptoms of burning mouth, indicative of BMS and they fulfilled the IHS 2018 criteria, except for criterion D, i.e."Oral mucosa is of normal appearance". The observed lichenoid mucosal lesions were not considered to be able to account for the reported intraoral pain in any of our patients. Thus neither diagnosis was considered to be exclusive. CONCLUSIONS: Patients diagnosed with OLD, and who simultaneously present clinical characteristics of BMS should be studied in detail, in order to evaluate the possibility of both diagnoses concurring.


Assuntos
Síndrome da Ardência Bucal , Doenças da Boca , Síndrome da Ardência Bucal/diagnóstico , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Mucosa Bucal , Dor , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(3): 396-402, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769273

RESUMO

Background and Objective: As parents are the primary decision-makers of child's health, a study was conducted to assess and compare the oral health status and impact of oral diseases on daily activities among 12- to 15-year-old institutionalized orphan and non-orphan children in Bengaluru city. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 210 orphans and 210 government school children living with parents. Data with regard to the impact of oral diseases on daily activities were collected by means of Child Oral Impacts on Daily Performances (C-OIDP) index, and oral health status was determined using WHO Oral Health Assessment Form 1997. Statistical Analysis: Descriptive statistics of the key variables were reported and data were analyzed using Pearson's Chi-square test, Mann-Whitney U-test, One-way analysis of variance and Step-wise multiple linear regression analysis. Statistical significance was set at P < 0.05 for this study. Results: Common oral health problems perceived by orphans and non-orphans were bleeding gums (16.8% and 12.4%) and toothache (12.7% and 13.7%), respectively. The daily performances most affected were cleaning mouth (33.3%; orphans 5.35 ± 4.22; non-orphans 7.05 ± 7.55; P = 0.000) and eating (33.1%; orphans 6.91 ± 6.09; non-orphans 7.07 ± 6.78; P = 0.003). Oral mucosal condition, dental fluorosis, dentofacial anomalies, and calculus showed significant difference among orphans and non-orphans (P = 0.000). Conclusion: C-OIDP score was high in orphans. Age, dental fluorosis, and decayed teeth were the significant factors for determining C-OIDP score. More than half of the study subjects were suffering from oral diseases which required treatment to improve their quality of life.


Assuntos
Crianças Órfãs , Doenças da Boca , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida
20.
Rev Saude Publica ; 54: 85, 2020.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32844983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE To verify the prevalence and factors associated with regular use of dental services in university students of the Universidade Federal de Pelotas (UFPel). METHODS This cross-sectional study interviewed 1,865 students aged 18 years or older, starting bachelor's degrees in 2017, enrolled in the second academic semester of 2017 and in the first of 2018 in classroom courses at UFPel. We considered regular users those who reported regularly going to the dentist with or without perceived dental problems. To test factors associated with regular use of dental services, demographic, socioeconomic and oral health variables were collected. Statistical analyses were based on Poisson regression models. RESULTS The prevalence of regular use of dental services was 45.0% (95%CI 42.7-47.3). University students of high economic class (PR = 1.47; 95%CI 0.91-2.36), with last private dental appointment (PR = 1.29; 95%CI 1.03-1.61), positive self-perception of oral health (PR = 2.33; 95%CI 1.79-3.03) and no report of toothache in the last six months (PR = 1.22; 95%CI 1.03-1.45) showed higher prevalence of regular use of dental services. CONCLUSION The results point to inequalities in the regular use of dental services related to socioeconomic factors and a lower use among university students with worse oral health conditions. These results suggest that public health prevention and promotion policies in higher education institutions must be carried out to ensure quality of life among these young adults.


Assuntos
Serviços de Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Doenças da Boca/prevenção & controle , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
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