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3.
J Card Surg ; 35(10): 2500-2505, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33043651

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The disturbance in the international normalized ratio (INR) in patients receiving warfarin therapy is of concern. We aimed to evaluate coagulation features in hospitalized patients under warfarin treatment for prosthetic heart valves during the novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pneumonia pandemic. METHODS: Between 20 February and 28 March 2020, 10 patients (7 males) who were under warfarin therapy for prosthetic heart valves were hospitalized after a diagnosis of COVID-19 in Tehran Heart Center, Tehran, Iran. The clinical, paraclinical, and in-hospital outcomes were described. The patients were followed for 4 weeks. RESULTS: The median age was 62 years. All the patients received antiviral treatment, either lopinavir/ritonavir or oseltamivir. The serum level of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein ranged between 0.24 and 15.24 mg/dL. Alanine aminotransaminase was normal in all the patients except for two, with levels 1.6 and 4.2 times above normal values. The INR increased in all the patients. One (10%) patient died in the hospital. No bleeding, ischemic, or thrombotic events occurred during the hospital stay and within the 4-week follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Antiviral therapy in patients with COVID-19 with prosthetic heart valves might be an issue responsible for an uncontrolled INR. Liver injury may happen in a minority of patients. Bridging in these patients during the antiviral treatment might be required and because of significant INR fluctuations, it might be safer to prescribe antiviral treatment in an inpatient setting.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Tromboembolia/prevenção & controle , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 381-383, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023307
5.
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc ; 2020: 2552-2556, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33018527

RESUMO

Mitral valve regurgitation is one of the most common heart valve diseases and mitral valve repair is the favored therapy, in which a part of the mitral valve is resected. To improve preoperative planning of this challenging surgery, patient-specific mitral valve replicas have been developed on which the repair can be simulated. However, there is no possibility yet to transfer the planning from the replica to the surgery of the patient. To solve this problem, we developed a patient-specific instrument with a cutting template, intraoperatively visualizing the part of the mitral valve to be resected as planned on the replica. To realize this instrument, the surgeon first simulates mitral valve repair by resection on a patient-specific mitral valve replica. This postoperative mitral valve replica is then digitalized and from it and a preoperative mitral valve model the instrument with cutting template is automatically designed and then 3D printed. An expert heart surgeon successfully tested the functional principle of the instrument on a pig mitral valve.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral , Cirurgiões , Animais , Humanos , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Suínos
6.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 291, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33008467

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Concomitant bipolar radiofrequency ablation and valve replacement in the elderly remains controversial. In the current study, we aimed to compare the outcomes of concomitant valve replacement and bipolar radiofrequency ablation with valve replacement alone in elderly patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of patients aged ≥70 years who underwent valve replacement with or without bipolar radiofrequency ablation in a single-centre between January 2006 and March 2015. The early postoperative results and long-term clinical outcomes were compared after propensity score matching. RESULTS: A total of 34 pairs of patients (73.94 ± 2.64 years old; 34 in the AF with ablation group and 34 in the AF without ablation group) were enrolled in the propensity score matching analysis. There were no significant differences between the two matched groups in terms of surgical mortality (5.88% vs. 2.94%, P = 0.555) and major postoperative morbidity. Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed a significantly better overall survival in the AF with ablation group compared to the AF without ablation group (P = 0.009). Cumulative incidence curves showed a lower incidence of cardiovascular death in the AF with ablation group (P = 0.025, Gray's test). Patients in the AF with ablation group had a reduced incidence of stroke compared to patients in the AF with ablation group (P = 0.009, Gray's test). The freedom from AF after 5 years was 58.0% in the AF with ablation group and 3.0% in the AF without ablation group. CONCLUSIONS: The addition of bipolar radiofrequency ablation is a safe and feasible procedure, even in patients aged ≥70 years, with a better long-term survival and a reduced incidence of stroke compared to valve replacement alone. These findings suggest that bipolar radiofrequency ablation should always be considered as a concomitant procedure for elderly patients with AF who require cardiac surgery. However, a large-scale, prospective, multi-centre, randomized study should be performed in the future to fully validate our findings.


Assuntos
Ablação por Cateter , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Idoso , Fibrilação Atrial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos , Ablação por Cateter/métodos , Cateteres , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Período Pós-Operatório , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing Za Zhi ; 48(9): 759-764, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957759

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the prognosis of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) or tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) stenosis. Methods: This was a retrospective study. Patients with symptomatic severe aortic stenosis, who underwent TAVR with follow-up time more than one year in Guangdong Provincial People's Hospital from April 2016 to August 2018, were included. According to aortic CT angiography, the patients were divided into BAV group and TAV group. The primary endpoint was the composite event of all-cause death and stroke, and the secondary endpoints were TAVR-related complications. Incidence of clinical endpoints and parameters derived from echocardiography were compared between the groups, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was used to compare the composite event between the two groups. Results: A total of 49 patients were included. The age was (73.6±6.3) years, and 25(51.0%) were male. There were 32 patients in BAV group and 17 in TAV group, the follow-up time was 466 (390, 664) days. The incidence of composite endpoint of death and stroke at one year were comparable in BAV and TAV groups (6.3% (2/32) vs. 5.9% (1/17), P=1.00). Kaplan-Meier curves also showed a similar risk of the composite endpoint(HR=1.03,95%CI 0.09-11.24,Log-rank P=0.98) between two groups. The incidence of all-cause death, stroke, myocardial infarction, severe bleeding, major vascular complications, new-onset atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter, and permanent pacemaker implantation were all similar between the two groups(all P>0.05), and there was no acute kidney injury (stage 2 or 3) in both groups. Echocardiographic parameters at one year were similar between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusions: The midterm prognosis of TAVR in patients with BAV and TAV stenosis is similar. Clinical trials of large sample size with long-term follow-up are warranted to verify our findings.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Kyobu Geka ; 73(8): 583-585, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879284

RESUMO

Papillary fibroelastoma (PFE) accounts for approximately 8% of benign primary cardiac tumors. PFE frequently develops in the left heart system, such as the aortic valve and the mitral valve. We report a case of a giant PFE in the right ventricle. The patient was an 83-year-old woman with a history of chronic atrial fibrillation, diabetes, and hypertension. She had experienced palpitation and shortness of breath for several years. A giant mobile tumor was observed in the right ventricle by transthoracic echocardiography, and its extirpation was performed. Intraoperatively, a giant tumor of 3 cm in diameter was observed on the right ventricular side of the posterior tricuspid leaflet. As the tumor strongly adhered to the tendinous cords, it was unavoidable to resect the tendinous cords. Thus, a tricuspid valve repair was performed in addition to the tumor extirpation. The patient was diagnosed with papillary fibroelastoma by pathological examination.


Assuntos
Fibroma , Neoplasias Cardíacas , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Ventrículos do Coração , Humanos , Valva Tricúspide
9.
Heart ; 106(20): 1549-1554, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32868279

RESUMO

The established processes for ensuring safe outpatient surveillance of patients with known heart valve disease (HVD), echocardiography for patients referred with new murmurs and timely delivery of surgical or transcatheter treatment for patients with severe disease have all been significantly impacted by the novel coronavirus pandemic. This has created a large backlog of work and upstaging of disease with consequent increases in risk and cost of treatment and potential for worse long-term outcomes. As countries emerge from lockdown but with COVID-19 endemic in society, precautions remain that restrict 'normal' practice. In this article, we propose a methodology for restructuring services for patients with HVD and provide recommendations pertaining to frequency of follow-up and use of echocardiography at present. It will be almost impossible to practice exactly as we did prior to the pandemic; thus, it is essential to prioritise patients with the greatest clinical need, such as those with symptomatic severe HVD. Local procedural waiting times will need to be considered, in addition to usual clinical characteristics in determining whether patients requiring intervention would be better suited having surgical or transcatheter treatment. We present guidance on the identification of stable patients with HVD that could have follow-up deferred safely and suggest certain patients that could be discharged from follow-up if waiting lists are triaged with appropriate clinical input. Finally, we propose that novel models of working enforced by the pandemic-such as increased use of virtual clinics-should be further developed and evaluated.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Triagem , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Modelos Organizacionais , Inovação Organizacional , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Triagem/métodos , Triagem/organização & administração
11.
Cardiol Rev ; 28(6): 308-311, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941261

RESUMO

Cardiac involvement as a complication of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection in children is a relatively new entity. We present our initial experience managing children with coronavirus disease 2019-related acute myocardial injury. The 3 patients presented here represent a spectrum of the cardiac involvement noted in children with coronavirus disease 2019-related multisystem inflammatory syndrome, including myocarditis presenting as cardiogenic shock or heart failure with biventricular dysfunction, valvulitis, coronary artery changes, and pericardial effusion.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Miocardite , Pandemias , Administração dos Cuidados ao Paciente/métodos , Derrame Pericárdico , Pneumonia Viral , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica , Adolescente , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Técnicas de Imagem Cardíaca/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico por imagem , Vasos Coronários/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/terapia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/virologia , Humanos , Miocardite/terapia , Miocardite/virologia , Derrame Pericárdico/terapia , Derrame Pericárdico/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/fisiopatologia , Síndrome de Resposta Inflamatória Sistêmica/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Wiad Lek ; 73(7): 1580-1582, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759458

RESUMO

Penetrating aortic ulcer (PAU) is ulceration of an aortic atherosclerotic plaque penetrating through the internal lamina into the media. PAU is a rare condition and occurs in 2% - 7% of acute aortic syndromes (AAS); however, the actual incidence is unknown because of asymptomatic patients. One may treat it conservatively as well as surgically. We present a case of a 54-year-old man, who was admitted to hospital due to the exaggeration of exertional chest pain and persistent headaches. During coronary angiography, the suspicion of PAU was raised. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis. Transesophageal echocardiography showed bicuspid aortic valve with minimal calcification, the dilated ascending aorta, large atherosclerotic plaques in the aortic arch with ulceration (thickness: 5.0 - 5.5mm, diameter: 5 - 6 mm, depth: 3 - 4 mm), without intramural hematoma. Conservative treatment was chosen with uneventful 2-year follow-up. Although surgical management is advocated for patients with PAU type A, we demonstrated that type A PAU can be successfully treated conservatively as well.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas , Úlcera , Aorta , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 25-30, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736460

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of aortic valve replacement through upper partial J-shaped sternotomy compared to conventional sternotomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 240 procedures of isolated aortic valve replacement for the period 2012-2017. According to inclusion criteria, 112 patients were randomized into 2 groups: group I - median sternotomy, group II - upper partial J-shaped sternotomy. Mean age of patients was 56.1±14.3 and 53.1±14.9 years, respectively (p=0.284). Females prevailed in both groups (55.4% vs. 57.1%, p=0.848). Peak pressure gradient on the aortic valve was 106.2±23.9 and 102.8±25.3 mm Hg, respectively (p=0.484). RESULTS: In-hospital mortality was 1.8% (n=1) in group I (p=0.315). Incidence of postoperative complications (complete atrioventricular blockade, ventricular septal defect) was similar (p=1.0). Mean time cross clamping in I and II groups was 65.5±12.5 and 64.7±13.1 min (p=0.729). Mean follow-up period was 31.6 and 33.5 months, respectively. Kaplan-Meier survival rate was 92.6 and 93.0%, respectively (log-rank test=0,767). Freedom from thromboembolic events was 91.7 and 90% (log-rank test=0.213). CONCLUSION. U: Pper partial J-shaped sternotomy is safe and effective for aortic valve surgery and characterized by similar outcomes compared to conventional sternotomy.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Esternotomia/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 583, 2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32762676

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dengue fever is endemic and a leading health problem in Sri Lanka. Increased incidence of concurrent bacteremia in patients with dengue infection is a recognized complication. However, Staphylococcal endocarditis following dengue fever is uncommon. Quadricuspid aortic valve (QAV) is a rare congenital anomaly and few cases of infective endocarditis have been reported in QAV. CASE PRESENTATION: A 32-year-old Sri Lankan male presented to the National Hospital of Sri Lanka with recurrence of fever and acute left hemiplegia following an uncomplicated recovery of dengue fever. He was diagnosed to have Staphylococcal infective endocarditis of quadricuspid aortic valve, with septic emboli to brain and spleen. He was managed with intravenous vancomycin initially, however, due to inadequate response, intravenous linezolid was added. He developed rhabdomyolysis with very high creatine phosphokinase leading to acute kidney injury, which settled with the cessation of linezolid. The patient succumbed to his illness despite aggressive antimicrobial therapy and maximum supportive care while being assessed for aortic valve replacement. CONCLUSIONS: This case illustrates three clinical issues that a clinician should be aware of. Firstly, the possibility of a serious secondary bacterial infection as a cause for recurrence of fever following dengue infection. Secondly, this case highlights the importance of identifying QAV as a cause for complicated infective endocarditis of increased severity. The report also denotes the value of being vigilant of linezolid induced rhabdomyolysis which had a causal relationship with the commencement of the drug and its cessation.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Dengue/complicações , Endocardite Bacteriana/diagnóstico , Endocardite Bacteriana/etiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/diagnóstico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/etiologia , Staphylococcus aureus/isolamento & purificação , Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Lesão Renal Aguda/mortalidade , Adulto , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Hemocultura , Dengue/tratamento farmacológico , Dengue/virologia , Vírus da Dengue , Endocardite Bacteriana/tratamento farmacológico , Evolução Fatal , Febre/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Linezolida/farmacologia , Linezolida/uso terapêutico , Masculino , Rabdomiólise/induzido quimicamente , Rabdomiólise/complicações , Infecções Estafilocócicas/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade
15.
Eur J Endocrinol ; 183(4): 463-470, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822316

RESUMO

Objective: Turner syndrome (TS) is a rare disorder affecting 1/2500 female newborn. Aortic dilatation (AD) and aortic dissection represent a major concern in TS. The aims of our study were to describe the aortic root growth, potential aortic dilatation (AD) risk factors and cardiovascular outcomes in a cohort of patients with TS. Methods: Among 204 adult patients included, 197 were studied using a standardized 1.5 Tesla MRI protocol. AD was defined as an aortic diameter ≥20 mm/m2 at the Valsalva sinuses and/or at the ascending aorta, when indexed to body surface area. Results: At baseline, AD was present in 81/197 (41.1%) and 32/197 (16.2%) of patients, at the levels of Valsalva and ascending aorta, respectively. The aortic Valsalva diameter was larger in patients treated for thyroiditis (P < 0.001). Potential risk factors of AD were aging (P < 0.001) and the presence of bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) (P = 0.002). The hazard ratio (HR) of AD occurrence in the presence of BAV was 2.2 (95% CI: 1.33-3.71). After a median follow-up period of 5.1 years (n = 143), AD was present in 58/143 (40.6%) and 25/143 (17.5%) of patients at the levels of Valsalva and ascending aorta, respectively. The median aortic growth of the Valsalva sinuses remained stable. At the ascending aorta, it increased by 0.14 ± 0.61 mm/year. Only one aortic-related death was observed. Conclusion: AD is common in adult patients with TS. However, our results are rather reassuring, as the median aortic diameters remained stable after 5.1 years and few aortic events were observed.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Turner/epidemiologia , Adulto , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/patologia , Doenças da Aorta/complicações , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Estudos de Coortes , Dilatação Patológica/complicações , Dilatação Patológica/diagnóstico , Dilatação Patológica/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Síndrome de Turner/complicações , Adulto Jovem
17.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 384-389, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively analyzed our experience of mitral valve repair for native mitral valve endocarditis in a single institution. METHODS: From January 1991 to October 2011, 171 consecutive patients underwent surgery for infective endocarditis. Of these, 147 (86%) had mitral valve repair. At the time of surgery, 98 patients had healed (group A) and 49 had active infective endocarditis (group B). Repair procedures included resection of all infected tissue and thick restricted post-infection tissue, leaflet and annulus reconstruction with treated autologous pericardium, chordal reconstruction with polytetrafluoroethylene sutures, and ring annuloplasty if necessary. Fifty-two (35%) patients required concomitant procedures. The study endpoints were overall survival, freedom from reoperation, and freedom from valve-related events. The median follow-up was 78 months. RESULTS: There was one hospital death (hospital mortality 0.7%). Survival at 10 years was 88.5% ± 3.5% with no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.052). Early reoperation was required in 4 patients in group B due to persistent infection or procedure failure. Freedom from reoperation at 5 years was 99% ± 1.0% in group A and 89.6 ± 4.0% in group B (p = 0.024). Event-free survival at 10 years was 79.3% ± 4.8% (group A: 83.4% ± 5.9%, group B: 72.6% ± 6.9%, p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: Mitral valve repair was highly successful using autologous pericardium, chordal reconstruction, and ring annuloplasty if required. Long-term results were acceptable in terms survival, freedom from reoperation, and event-free survival. Mitral valve repair is recommended for mitral infective endocarditis in most patients.


Assuntos
Endocardite/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pericárdio/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 63(4): 475-481, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32640281

RESUMO

Patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) frequently develop aneurysms of the aortic root and tubular ascending aorta. Aneurysms of the aortic arch, in the absence of concomitant aortopathies, are much less common. According to the 2018 American Association of Thoracic Surgery consensus guidelines on BAV-related aortopathy, prophylactic surgical aortic repair / replacement is recommended starting at a maximum aortic diameter of 50 mm in patients with risk factors. Concomitant aortic surgery is also recommended at an aortic diameter of 45 mm in those patients with other indications for cardiac surgery (most commonly aortic valve procedures). The ultimate goal of prophylactic aortic surgery is the prevention of aortic catastrophes, e.g. aortic rupture or acute aortic dissection, which are associated with high morbidity and mortality. The surgical technique used - in elective and emergency cases - depends on the involvement and nature of the aortic valve disease, as well as the extent of aortic aneurysm formation. The current review focusses on the surgical management of the aortic root, tubular ascending aorta, and proximal aortic arch in BAV patients. Despite the abovementioned recommendations, many BAV patients develop acute aortic syndromes below the recommended aortic diameter thresholds. Further research is therefore required in order to identify high-risk BAV subgroups that would benefit from earlier surgical repair.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico , Aneurisma Aórtico/etiologia , Valva Aórtica/patologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular , Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Humanos , Técnicas de Sutura
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