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2.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 381-383, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023307
3.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 384-389, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757655

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We retrospectively analyzed our experience of mitral valve repair for native mitral valve endocarditis in a single institution. METHODS: From January 1991 to October 2011, 171 consecutive patients underwent surgery for infective endocarditis. Of these, 147 (86%) had mitral valve repair. At the time of surgery, 98 patients had healed (group A) and 49 had active infective endocarditis (group B). Repair procedures included resection of all infected tissue and thick restricted post-infection tissue, leaflet and annulus reconstruction with treated autologous pericardium, chordal reconstruction with polytetrafluoroethylene sutures, and ring annuloplasty if necessary. Fifty-two (35%) patients required concomitant procedures. The study endpoints were overall survival, freedom from reoperation, and freedom from valve-related events. The median follow-up was 78 months. RESULTS: There was one hospital death (hospital mortality 0.7%). Survival at 10 years was 88.5% ± 3.5% with no significant difference between the two groups (p = 0.052). Early reoperation was required in 4 patients in group B due to persistent infection or procedure failure. Freedom from reoperation at 5 years was 99% ± 1.0% in group A and 89.6 ± 4.0% in group B (p = 0.024). Event-free survival at 10 years was 79.3% ± 4.8% (group A: 83.4% ± 5.9%, group B: 72.6% ± 6.9%, p = 0.010). CONCLUSIONS: Mitral valve repair was highly successful using autologous pericardium, chordal reconstruction, and ring annuloplasty if required. Long-term results were acceptable in terms survival, freedom from reoperation, and event-free survival. Mitral valve repair is recommended for mitral infective endocarditis in most patients.


Assuntos
Endocardite/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Pericárdio/transplante , Adulto , Idoso , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 210-215, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32534732

RESUMO

The clinical and imaging differences between bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) patients with medically managed asymptomatic moderate-to-severe aortic stenosis (AS) have not been studied previously. We aim to characterize these differences and their clinical outcomes in this study. A retrospective observational study was conducted on 836 consecutive cases of isolated asymptomatic moderate-to-severe AS, with median follow-up of 3.4 years. Clinical and echocardiographic characteristics were compared between BAV and TAV patients. Subgroup analysis stratified by AS severity were performed. Survival analysis of all-cause mortality was performed using Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox proportional hazards model. Compared to BAV patients, TAV patients were older (76 ± 11 vs 55 ± 16 years, p <0.001) and had more co-morbidities including hypertension (78% vs 56%; p <0.001), diabetes (41% vs 24%; p <0.001), and chronic kidney disease (20% vs 3%; p = 0.001). TAV patients had less severe aortic valve disease than BAV patients, with a higher aortic valve area index (0.71 ± 0.20 cm2/m2 vs 0.61 ± 0.18 cm2/m2, p <0.001) and less aortic dilation (sinotubular junction: 23.7 ± 4.0 mm vs 26.9 ± 4.8 mm, p <0.001; mid-ascending aorta: 31.4 ± 4.7 mm vs 36.3 ± 6.3 mm, p <0.001). TAV patients were more likely to have eccentric left ventricular hypertrophy and less likely to have a normal geometry (p = 0.003). Competing risk analysis identified increased age (hazard ratio 1.03, 95% confidence interval 1.02 to 1.05, p <0.001) and LVEF (hazard ratio 0.98, 95% confidence interval 0.97 to 0.99, p <0.001) as independent risk factors of all-cause mortality. Valve morphology was not a significant independent risk factor for aortic valve replacement or mortality. In conclusion, asymptomatic TAV patients had more cardiovascular risk factors, less severe aortic valve disease, less sinotubular and mid-ascending aortic dilation, more severe LV remodeling.


Assuntos
Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças Assintomáticas , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Doenças da Aorta/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/complicações , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Causas de Morte , Dilatação Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dilatação Patológica/epidemiologia , Dilatação Patológica/fisiopatologia , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/epidemiologia , Hipertrofia Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Volume Sistólico
6.
Prog Cardiovasc Dis ; 63(4): 442-451, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32531300

RESUMO

Bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients are at increased risk of valve dysfunction and ascending aorta aneurysm. Imaging techniques are essential to establish diagnosis, identify complications and indicate surgical treatment. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is the imaging technique of choice to diagnose BAV, valve morphotype and valvular dysfunction in clinical practice. However, it can be less precise in assessing the aortic root and proximal ascending aorta, and visualization of the mid-distal ascending aorta and the arch may be difficult in some adults where cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and computed tomography, using multiplanar reconstructions, are better at assessing aortic diameters. Although valvular dysfunction is very variable, almost half of the patients have more than mild aortic valve disease. TTE is the most effective and accurate test for evaluating the severity of valvular dysfunction and guiding appropriate management decisions. Aorta dilation is a common finding in patients with BAV. The pattern of aortic dimensions has been categorized in three aortic phenotypes: no-dilation phenotype, ascending aorta phenotype and root phenotype. Controversial data exist regarding the relationship between BAV morphology and aorta dilation phenotype. The assessment of aortic stiffness (measuring distensibility or the velocity of propagation of flow) has raised special interest in order to predict progressive aorta dilation. However, current data indicates that BAV aortas do not show altered stiffness compared to those associated with a tricuspid valve with a similar aorta size. Moreover, novel 4D-flow CMR sequences have been crucial in the evaluation of abnormal ascending aorta flow, showing that flow in the aorta of BAV patients is asymmetric and includes the formation of large vortices. Such flow abnormalities are thought to produce changes in wall shear stress which has been associated with extracellular matrix dysregulation. The key points to understand familial screening and the recommendations for establishing the follow-up and therapeutic management of BAV patients are exposed in the review. The main objective of this article is to review the advantages and limitations of the imaging techniques in the diagnosis and management of BAV and the best strategies in the use of multimodality imaging.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Multimodal , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Radiol Clin North Am ; 58(4): 733-751, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471541

RESUMO

Preoperative assessment with computed tomography (CT) is critical before transcatheter interventions for structural heart disease. CT provides information for device selection, device sizing, and vascular access approach. The interpreting radiologist must have knowledge of appropriate CT protocols, how and where to obtain the important measurements, and know additional imaging characteristics that are important to describe for optimal support of the interventionalist. CT is the modality of choice for pre-operative evaluation in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement and left atrial appendage occlusion, and is also useful before transcatheter mitral valve replacement, which is an ongoing area of research.


Assuntos
Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/cirurgia , Humanos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador , Substituição da Valva Aórtica Transcateter/métodos
9.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 74, 2020 May 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32381038

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hypo-attenuated leaflet thickening (HALT) in bioprosthetic aortic valve has been studied, but its equivalent in bioprosthetic mitral valve (bMV) remains uncharacterized. We sought to identify the prevalence, hemodynamic characteristics, and significance of anticoagulation therapy in bMV HALT. METHODS: A single-center cross-sectional study of 53 consecutive patients who underwent mitral valve replacement (MVR) with bMV between 2007 and 2017 was conducted. Cardiac-gated contrasted CT scans were obtained. Anticoagulant and antiplatelet therapy use were ascertained at the time of hospital discharge and CT scanning. Patient characteristics, postoperative stroke, and hemodynamic profile by echocardiogram were obtained to descriptively characterize the prevalence and characteristics associated with bMV HALT. RESULTS: Three patients (5.7%) were found to have a HALT on bMV. The mean time from index MVR to CT scan was 3.4 ± 0.8 years in HALT cohort and 3.4 ± 2.7 years in non-HALT cohort. Fifty patients (94.3%) were discharged on warfarin, and 37 patients (69.8%) were on warfarin at the time of CT scans. One patient with HALT was on therapeutic warfarin at the time of the CT scan that identified HALT. All three patients were asymptomatic at the time of CT scan. In patients with HALT, mean transmitral pressure gradient were 8, 5, and 2.7 mmHg, all with trivial or mild mitral regurgitation. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, the prevalence of HALT was low at 5.7%, all presenting without symptoms. One patient presented with HALT while on therapeutic oral anticoagulation, which may suggest thrombotic etiology may not adequately explain HALT.


Assuntos
Bioprótese , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Estudos Transversais , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/epidemiologia , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Trombose/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
10.
J Cardiovasc Magn Reson ; 22(1): 29, 2020 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354361

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Aortic valve repair has become a treatment option for adults with symptomatic bicuspid (BAV) or unicuspid (UAV) aortic valve insufficiency. Our aim was to demonstrate the feasibility of 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) to assess the impact of aortic valve repair on changes in blood flow dynamics in patients with symptomatic BAV or UAV. METHODS: Twenty patients with adult congenital heart disease (median 35 years, range 18-64; 16 male) and symptomatic aortic valve regurgitation (15 BAV, 5 UAV) were prospectively studied. All patients underwent 4D flow CMR before and after aortic valve repair. Aortic valve regurgitant fraction and systolic peak velocity were estimated. The degree of helical and vortical flow was evaluated according to a 3-point scale. Relative flow displacement and wall shear stress (WSS) were quantified at predefined levels in the thoracic aorta. RESULTS: All patients underwent successful aortic valve repair with a significant reduction of aortic valve regurgitation (16.7 ± 9.8% to 6.4 ± 4.4%, p < 0.001) and systolic peak velocity (2.3 ± 0.9 to 1.9 ± 0.4 m/s, p = 0.014). Both helical flow (1.6 ± 0.6 vs. 0.9 ± 0.5, p < 0.001) and vortical flow (1.2 ± 0.8 vs. 0.5 ± 0.6, p = 0.002) as well as both flow displacement (0.3 ± 0.1 vs. 0.25 ± 0.1, p = 0.031) and WSS (0.8 ± 0.2 N/m2 vs. 0.5 ± 0.2 N/m2, p < 0.001) in the ascending aorta were significantly reduced after aortic valve repair. CONCLUSIONS: 4D flow CMR allows assessment of the impact of aortic valve repair on changes in blood flow dynamics in patients with bicuspid aortic valve disease.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Aortografia , Anuloplastia da Valva Cardíaca , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Hemodinâmica , Interpretação de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Adulto , Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/cirurgia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(9): 1771-1780, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32451876

RESUMO

Left ventricular global longitudinal strain (LVGLS) analysis is a sensitive measurement of myocardial deformation most often done using speckle-tracking transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). We propose a novel approach to measure LVGLS using feature-tracking software on the magnitude dataset of 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and compare it to dynamic computed tomography (CT) and speckle tracking TTE derived measurements. In this prospective cohort study 59 consecutive adult patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) were included. The study protocol consisted of TTE, CT, and CMR on the same day. Image analysis was done using dedicated feature-tracking (4D flow CMR and CT) and speckle-tracking (TTE) software, on apical 2-, 3-, and 4-chamber long-axis multiplanar reconstructions (4D flow CMR and CT) or standard apical 2-, 3-, and 4-chamber acquisitions (TTE). CMR and CT GLS analysis was feasible in all patients. Good correlations were observed for GLS measured by CMR (- 21 ± 3%) and CT (- 20 ± 3%) versus TTE (- 20 ± 3%, Pearson's r: 0.67 and 0.65, p < 0.001). CMR also correlated well with CT (Pearson's r 0.62, p < 0.001). The inter-observer analysis showed moderate to good reproducibility of GLS measurement by CMR, CT and TTE (Pearsons's r: 0.51, 0.77, 0.70 respectively; p < 0.05). Additionally, ejection fraction (EF), end-diastolic and end-systolic volume measurements (EDV and ESV) correlated well between all modalities (Pearson's r > 0.61, p < 0.001). Feature-tracking GLS analysis is feasible using the magnitude images acquired with 4D flow CMR. GLS measurement by CMR correlates well with CT and speckle-tracking 2D TTE. GLS analysis on 4D flow CMR allows for an integrative approach, integrating flow and functional data in a single sequence. Not applicable, observational study.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Ecocardiografia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Contração Miocárdica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Função Ventricular Esquerda , Adolescente , Adulto , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Variações Dependentes do Observador , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Prospectivos , Interpretação de Imagem Radiográfica Assistida por Computador , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Volume Sistólico , Adulto Jovem
12.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1620-1626, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375543

RESUMO

Accumulating preclinical and clinical evidence suggests that calcification is one of the body's primary responses to injury and a key pathological feature of cardiovascular disease. Calcification activity can now be imaged using 18F-sodium fluoride (18F-NaF) positron emission tomography (PET) in combination with either computed tomography or magnetic resonance. These techniques allow visualization of calcification activity and, therefore, provide different information to the established macroscopic calcium imaged with computed tomography. Indeed, 18F-NaF PET has been used to investigate a wide range of valvular conditions, including aortic stenosis, mitral annular calcification, and bioprosthetic valve disease, as well as vascular conditions, including abdominal aortic aneurysm disease, coronary, and carotid atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease, and erectile dysfunction. In this brief review, we will focus on how 18F-NaF PET has improved our pathophysiological understanding of cardiovascular calcification and how it can be used as a marker of vascular calcification, providing a useful tool that can be utilized in clinical trials investigating the prediction of both disease progression and clinical events. Finally, we will discuss how 18F-NaF might be employed clinically to improve patient assessment and to guide decision-making.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Radioisótopos de Flúor/administração & dosagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Impotência Vasculogênica/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Fluoreto de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Calcificação Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Animais , Calcinose/terapia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Impotência Vasculogênica/terapia , Masculino , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Calcificação Vascular/terapia
15.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(7): 1291-1292, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32232624

RESUMO

Caseous Mitral Annular Calcification (CMAC) is seen in 0.6% of Mitral annular Calcification (MAC) and carries an increased risk for ischemic stroke. The typical location is Posterior Mitral Annular area and arises as degeneration of MAC. Typical Echocardiographic features along with Cardiac MRI and CT imaging features are diagnostic.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Ecocardiografia , Aneurisma Cardíaco/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Imagem Multimodal , Valor Preditivo dos Testes
16.
Am J Cardiol ; 125(11): 1673-1677, 2020 06 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32291092

RESUMO

Our study was to apply the 2015 American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology Athletic Participation Guidelines to a group of otherwise healthy school age children and young adults with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and describe the potential competitive sports restriction as they age. We performed a retrospective chart review of children and young adults aged 5 to 22 years with isolated BAV with at least two echocardiograms between 2000 and 2013. Using task force guidelines, exercise restriction was recommended for any of the following: (1) any dilation of the aortic root, (2) any dilation of the ascending aorta, (3) moderate aortic stenosis, (4) severe aortic regurgitation; (5) left ventricular dilation or (6) reduced shortening fraction. Of the 345 patients with isolated BAV, 202 were considered restricted at study entry. The final cohort included 123 children and young adults. Over the course of follow up, 36% (44 of 123) met restriction criteria. The most likely cause for restriction was aortic dilation (34%). Progression of aortic valve disease occurred in a minority of patients (3%). There were no reports of death, dissection or catheter or surgical based intervention. In conclusion, we found that strict adherence to current guidelines would result in restriction of more than 1/3 of school age children and young adults with BAV from some form of competitive athletics during school age years. Strict application of the current guidelines in this age group may lead to over-restriction of youths from competitive sports.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Exercício Físico , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Esportes , Adolescente , Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Dilatação Patológica , Gerenciamento Clínico , Progressão da Doença , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Int Heart J ; 61(2): 301-307, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32224602

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) caused by left-sided heart disease (LHD-PH) is classified into 2 types: isolated post-capillary PH (Ipc-PH) and combined pre- and post-capillary PH (Cpc-PH). However, the impact of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) or diastolic pressure gradient (DPG) on the prognosis of LHD-PH has varied among previous studies. Thus, we verified the significance of PVR or DPG on the prognosis of LHD-PH in our series.We analyzed 243 consecutive LHD-PH patients. The patients were divided into 3 groups: Group A, patients with PVR ≤ 3 Wood unit (WU) and DPG < 7 mmHg; Group B, patients with either PVR > 3 WU or DPG ≥ 7 mmHg; and Group C, patients with PVR > 3 WU and DPG ≥ 7 mmHg.The Kaplan-Meier curve demonstrated that Group B had lower cardiac death-free survival compared with Group A, whereas no significant differences were observed when compared with Group C. In the Cox hazard model, DPG was not associated with cardiac death in the LHD-PH patients. However, only in the ischemic heart disease group, patients with DPG ≥ 7 mmHg had worse prognosis compared with those with normal DPG.The cardiac death-free rate of patients with either increased PVR or DPG was close to that of patients with both increased PVR and DPG. It seems reasonable to define Cpc-PH only by PVR in the new criteria. However, the significance of DPG in LHD-PH might be dependent on the underlying cause of LHD-PH.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Diástole/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resistência Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Cardiomiopatias/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiomiopatias/fisiopatologia , Morte , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Hipertensão Pulmonar/etiologia , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Isquemia Miocárdica/complicações , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Miocárdica/fisiopatologia , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais
18.
J Card Surg ; 35(5): 1145-1147, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32293048

RESUMO

Caseous calcification of the mitral annulus (CCMA) is a very rare form of mitral annular calcification (MAC). CCMA accounts for 0.63% of all cases and 0.06-0.07% of the total population and usually seen in elderly and female patients. It mostly affects the posterior leaflet of the mitral valve. The pathogenesis of CCMA remains unclear. Hypercholesterolemia and the dissolution of lipid-laden macrophages may be implicated in liquefaction necrosis. CCMA is composed of a mixture of calcium, fatty acid, and cholesterol. The name "caseous" comes from the cheese-like or toothpaste-like consistency of the mass. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging may help in differentiating MAC from CCMA and should perform. The first treatment option should be conservative treatment because of surgical complications of the procedure. We presented a case report which is about CCMA with preoperative and intraoperative robotic images.


Assuntos
Calcinose/diagnóstico por imagem , Calcinose/cirurgia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/métodos , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Imagem Multimodal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Idoso , Calcinose/patologia , Evolução Fatal , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/patologia , Humanos , Período Intraoperatório , Valva Mitral/patologia
19.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1445-1454, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32297100

RESUMO

Previous studies have focused on only 1 or 2 echocardiographic parameters as prognostic markers in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS). A total of 900 patients with AIS who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (72.6 ± 12.0 years and 60% males) were retrospectively reviewed. Composite clinical events, including all-cause mortality, non-fatal stroke, non-fatal myocardial infarction, and coronary revascularization, were assessed during clinical follow-ups. During a median follow-up of 3.3 years (interquartile range 0.6-5.1 years), there were 151 (16.8%) composite events. In the multivariable analyses after controlling for potential confounders, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) < 62% (hazard ratio [HR] 1.62; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.14-2.30; p = 0.007) and AV sclerosis (AVs) (HR 1.56; 95% CI 1.10-2.21; p = 0.013) were independent prognostic factors associated with composite events. Multivariable analyses showed that HR for composite events gradually increased according to LVEF and AVs: HR was 2.6-fold higher in the highest-risk group than in the lowest group (p < 0.001). Compared with a clinical model (global chi-square = 69.6), LVEF, AVs, and both of them were significantly improved outcome prediction in sequential Cox model analysis (global chi-square = 75.6, 75.7, and 78.8, respectively; p < 0.05 for each) for each. In patients with AIS, LVEF < 62%, and the presence of AV sclerosis can predict future vascular events. Patients with AIS exhibiting reduced LVEF and AV sclerosis may benefit from aggressive secondary prevention.


Assuntos
Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/mortalidade , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Esclerose , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/mortalidade , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/mortalidade , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/fisiopatologia , Disfunção Ventricular Esquerda/terapia , Função Ventricular Esquerda
20.
Int J Cardiovasc Imaging ; 36(8): 1429-1436, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303878

RESUMO

The ascending aorta dilatation in the bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) patients is often attributed to congenital abnormalities of the aortic wall, but it may be related to hemodynamic disturbances in the course of BAV disease. At present, ascending aortic diameter is used as almost sole but weak predictor of aortic dissection and rupture in BAV. We examined the association between aortic wall mechanics and severity of aortic valve disease including different cusps fusion patterns using conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging (TDI). We prospectively studied 106 BAV patients: 72 with right-left (R-L) coronary cusp fusion were matched 1:1 to 34 patients with right-noncoronary (R-N) cusp fusion obtaining 34 pairs of patients. Peak systolic radial velocity and acceleration of the ascending aortic wall, measured by TDI, were used as an index of hemodynamic stress imposed on the aorta. Paired analysis showed higher aortic wall radial velocity (4.71 ± 1.61 cm/s vs. 3.33 ± 1.44 cm/s, p = 0.001) and acceleration (1.08 ± 0.46 m/s2 vs. 0.80 ± 0.34 m/s2, p = 0.015) in-R-L compared to R-N fusion. Pearson correlation showed association of ascending tubular aortic diameter with age (r = 0.258, p = 0.012), weight (r = 0.323, p = 0.001), peak aortic valve gradient (r = 0.386, p = 0.0001), aortic root diameter (r = 0.439, p < 0.0001), and R-N fusion pattern (r = 0.209, p = 0.043). Aortic root diameter was related to male gender (r = 0.296, p = 0.003), weight (r = 0.381, p = 0.0001), ascending aortic diameter (r = 0.439, p < 0.0001), and severity of aortic regurgitation (r = 0.337, p = 0.0009). Regional differences in aortic wall motion between different BAV cusp fusion patterns and association of aortic diameters with the severity of aortic valve disease, both suggest a deleterious hemodynamic impact of cusp fusion patterns and aortic valve dysfunction on ascending aortic wall. Assessment of aortic hemodynamic by TDI is feasible and could be potentially used to improve prediction of acute aortic complications, thus helping to establish optimal timing of aortic surgery in BAV patients.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aneurisma Aórtico/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/anormalidades , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemodinâmica , Adulto , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/etiologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/fisiopatologia , Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Insuficiência da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/diagnóstico por imagem , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/etiologia , Estenose da Valva Aórtica/fisiopatologia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Dilatação Patológica , Feminino , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/complicações , Doenças das Valvas Cardíacas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
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