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2.
J Sex Med ; 17(7): 1400-1404, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32444341

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Men concerned about their penis size often consult professionals working in urology, andrology, surgery, and sexual medicine. AIM: To inform professionals in the sexual medicine field about small penis syndrome as a clinical syndrome and to provide recommendations for treatment. METHODS: This was an overview of the existing literature combined with our extensive clinical experience. RESULTS: Small penis syndrome is a syndrome with psychiatric comorbidities and social consequences that impair life. Men with these concerns tend to be susceptible for treatment that is not evidence based and potentially harmful. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Treatment of men with concerns about penis size should start with a thorough biopsychosocial assessment, followed by extensive psychoeducation, counselling, and psychological interventions, even if surgery is being considered. STRENGTHS & LIMITATIONS: The strength of this study is the concise overview of the existing literature combined with clinical experience which leads to important recommendations. Limitation is that this is not a systematic review. CONCLUSION: Complaints about penis size should be taken seriously, and a thorough biopsychosocial and multidisciplinary assessment is required.


Assuntos
Satisfação do Paciente , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Pênis/patologia , Emoções , Doenças dos Genitais Masculinos , Humanos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Comportamento Sexual
3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(4): 519-522, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32167731

RESUMO

Obesity is increasing in prevalence worldwide and an increasingly commonly encountered condition is adult acquired buried penis (AABP). We review the current management of AABP and relevant literature. Management of AABP requires a combination of genitourinary reconstructive techniques and plastic surgery techniques that are unique to this condition. We offer our experience and tips and tricks for the treatment of AABP.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Humanos , Masculino , Obesidade , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Prevalência
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(3): e18762, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32011463

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The challenges with reconstruction of penile defects are plenty. In addition, no single and universally accepted reconstructive method exists for penile defect repair. Herein, we present the application of a circumferential penile shaft defect reconstruction using pull-up double-opposing keystone-designed perforator island flaps (KDPIFs) in one patient. This is the first case report of a circumferential penile shaft defect reconstruction using KDPIFs. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 43-year-old man who injected petroleum jelly into his penis 10 years ago presented with multiple firm nodular mass-like lesions adherent to the overlying skin along the penile shaft. Our urologic surgeon removed the foreign bodies and performed a primary closure with undermining. However, wound dehiscence developed, and skin necrosis was exacerbated 5 days postoperatively. DIAGNOSES: We performed debridement, and the final post-debridement defect was circumferential (5.5 × 12 cm) from the base of the glans to the midpoint of the penile shaft. INTERVENTIONS: We covered the defect using pull-up double-opposing KDPIFs (10 × 13 cm each) based on the hot spots of the superficial external pudendal artery perforators on each side from the suprapubic area to the scrotum. OUTCOMES: The flaps survived perfectly, with no postoperative complications. The patient was satisfied with the final outcome and had no erectile dysfunction or shortening of penile length after a 6-month follow-up. LESSONS: We successfully reconstructed a circumferential penile defect with pull-up double-opposing KDPIFs both esthetically and functionally. Our technique can be a good alternative modality for extensive penile defect reconstruction.


Assuntos
Corpos Estranhos/cirurgia , Doenças do Pênis/induzido quimicamente , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Vaselina/administração & dosagem , Vaselina/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Retalhos Cirúrgicos , Adulto , Desbridamento , Humanos , Injeções , Masculino
5.
Pediatr Surg Int ; 36(4): 523-528, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32088740

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To perform a medical evaluation of penile necrosis causes and treatment approaches by examining patients who had penile necrosis after circumcision surgery. METHODS: A total of 24 patients with penile necrosis after circumcision surgery, who presented at various hospitals in Turkey between September 2003 and April 2013 and whose cases were being reviewed at the Institution of Forensic Medicine with regard to malpractice, were evaluated retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 5 ± 3.7 years, and the mean time of the necrosis diagnosis after circumcision was 5.2 ± 6.3 days. In etiologic terms, the predictive factors were monopolar cautery use in ten (41.6%) patients, post-circumcision infection in eight (33.3%), compartment syndrome due to post-circumcision dressing in three (12.5%), local anesthetic agent used for dorsal nerve blockage in two (8.3%), and methemoglobinemia in one (4.1%) patient. The first approaches to necrosis treatment were surgical intervention in 15 (62.5%) patients, hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBOT) in 6 (25%), the conservative approach in 2 (8.3%), and HBOT plus surgical intervention in 1 (4.1%) patient. CONCLUSION: Penile necrosis is a preventable complication that requires early intervention. The current study will be helpful in preventing penile necrosis and in guiding surgeons in approaches following its occurrence.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Anestésicos Locais/farmacologia , Circuncisão Masculina/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Bandagens , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Necrose/epidemiologia , Necrose/etiologia , Necrose/cirurgia , Doenças do Pênis/epidemiologia , Doenças do Pênis/etiologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Turquia/epidemiologia
7.
Int Braz J Urol ; 46(2): 152-157, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31961620

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To present the evolution and the recent data on the etiology, diagnosis, management and outcomes of penile fracture (PF) with concomitant urethral injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the Pubmed database between 1998 and 2019 using the following key words: "penile fracture", "fracture of penis", "trauma to penis", "rupture of corpora cavernosa", "urethral injury", "urethral rupture" and "urethral reconstruction". RESULTS: The incidence of urethral lesion in patients with PF varies by geographic region and etiology. Blood in the meatus, hematuria and voiding symptoms are highly indicative of urethral rupture. The diagnosis of PF is eminently clinical and complementary exams are not necessary. The treatment consists of urethral reconstruction and the most common complications found are urethral stenosis and urethrocutaneous fistula. CONCLUSION: PF is an uncommon urological emergency, particularly in cases with urethral involvement. Urethral injury should be suspected in the presence of suggestive clinical signs, and diagnosis is usually clinical. Urgent urethral reconstruction is man-datory and produces satisfactory results with low levels of complications.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis , Pênis/lesões , Uretra/lesões , Doenças Uretrais/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pênis/etiologia , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Ruptura/diagnóstico , Ruptura/etiologia , Ruptura/cirurgia , Uretra/cirurgia , Doenças Uretrais/cirurgia
8.
Urology ; 137: 146-151, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887351

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore a series of classic bladder exstrophy (CBE) cases referred to the authors' institution where primary closure with penile disassembly epispadias repair was complicated by penile injury. The penile disassembly technique is frequently combined with bladder closure in patients with CBE undergoing the complete primary repair of exstrophy (CPRE). Penile disassembly has been posited as a risk for penile injury by ischemic mechanisms. METHODS: A prospectively-maintained institutional database of 1337 exstrophy-epispadias complex patients was reviewed for CPRE cases referred to the authors' institution, and those with injury to the penis were identified. The location, extent of injury, and subsequent management is reported. RESULTS: One hundred and thirteen male CBE patients were referred after prior CPRE. Twenty-six (20%) were identified with penile loss and reviewed. Eighty-one percent were closed in the neonatal period, and 54% had a pelvic osteotomy. Median follow-up time was 9.9 years (range 0.6-21.3). Of 26 patients with penile loss, 77% had unilateral loss and in 23% had bilateral loss involving the glans and/or one or both corpora cavernosa. Three patients were successfully managed with myocutaneous neophalloplasty. CONCLUSION: Complete penile disassembly during bladder exstrophy closure may lead to penile injury. This major complication questions the continued application of complete penile disassembly in the reconstruction of bladder exstrophy.


Assuntos
Extrofia Vesical/cirurgia , Epispadia/cirurgia , Complicações Intraoperatórias , Doenças do Pênis , Pênis , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos , Atrofia , Criança , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Complicações Intraoperatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/cirurgia , Masculino , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pênis/etiologia , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/irrigação sanguínea , Pênis/lesões , Pênis/patologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Reoperação/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos/métodos , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Sex Med ; 17(2): 210-237, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31812683

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To date, several aspects of inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) surgical procedure have been poorly studied. AIM: The aim of this study was to review the evidence associated with IPP implantation and provide clinical recommendations on behalf of the European Society for Sexual Medicine (ESSM). Overall, 130 peer-reviewed studies and systematic reviews, which were published from 2007-2018 in the English language, were included. METHODS: MEDLINE and EMBASE were searched for randomized clinical trials, meta-analyses, and open-label prospective and retrospective studies. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: The panel provided statements exploring patients and partner expectations, satisfaction in male and phalloplasty cohorts, the impact of penile length, girth and implant type, reservoir placement, the influence of comorbidities, and social circumstances. Levels of evidence were provided according to the Oxford 2011 criteria and graded as for the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine recommendations. RESULTS: In the preoperative setting, it is fundamental to identify and interact with difficult patients with the intention of enhancing the surgeon's ability to establish the surgeon-patient relationship, reduce physical and legal risk, as well as enhancing patient satisfaction. To address this need, the mnemonic Compulsive, Unrealistic, Revision, Surgeon Shopping, Entitled, Denial, and Psychiatric ("CURSED") has been suggested to identify patients who are at high risk of dissatisfaction. The current recommendations suggest improving glycemic control in patients with diabetes. Available evidence suggests evaluating transplant recipients with the criteria of Barry, consisting of stable graft function for >6 months, avoidance of intra-abdominal reservoir placement, and low-dose immunosuppression. HIV status does not represent a contraindication for surgery. Smoking, peripheral vascular disease, and hypertension may be associated with an increased risk of revision surgery. Patients with spinal cord injury may receive IPP. Patients aged ≥70 years, as well as obese patients, can be offered IPP. The IPP implantation can be performed in patients with stable Peyronie's disease. Ectopic high submuscular reservoir placement can be considered as an alternative method. CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: There is a relevant lack of high-level data and definite conclusions in certain areas remain difficult to draw. STRENGTH & LIMITATIONS: All studies have been evaluated by a panel of experts providing recommendations for clinical practice. Because of lack of sufficient prospective data, some of the included studies are retrospective and this could be stated as a limitation. CONCLUSION: This ESSM position statement provides recommendations on optimization of patient outcome by patient selection, and individualized peri- and intra-operative management. ESSM encourages centers to collaborate and to create prospective, multicenter registries in order to address this topic of increasing importance. Osmonov D, Christopher AN, Blecher GA, et al. Clinical Recommendations from the European Society for Sexual Medicine Exploring Partner Expectations, Satisfaction in Male and Phalloplasty Cohorts, the Impact of Penile Length, Girth and Implant Type, Reservoir Placement, and the Influence of Comorbidities and Social Circumstances. J Sex Med 2020;17:210-237.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Implante Peniano/métodos , Prótese de Pênis , Comorbidade , Humanos , Masculino , Motivação , Satisfação do Paciente , Induração Peniana/cirurgia , Reoperação , Parceiros Sexuais
10.
Int J Impot Res ; 32(1): 89-98, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30705435

RESUMO

Penile prosthesis implantation for treatment of medical refractory erectile dysfunction remains the gold standard. However, some men have additional pathology present such as Peyronie's Disease, penile shortening, penoscrotal webbing, buried penis or other penoscrotal anatomical abnormalities that may be addressed at the time of prosthesis implantation. Although several techniques are described, there remains a lack of data regarding the outcomes. We sought to identify the results of available literature regarding the additional procedures performed at the time of penile prosthesis implantation that provide defined surgical outcomes rather than merely describe surgical techniques. Surgical outcomes to procedures provide more realistic clinical outcome for readers than simply the description of novel techniques or expert opinions. We performed a review of the MEDLINE database to identify additional procedures performed in conjunction with penile prosthesis placement. Many procedures are described in review articles, however, with limited data regarding their outcomes. The included articles must describe additional procedures performed in conjunction with penile prosthesis placement. Perioperative office techniques and management were included if it changed the surgical technique. All abstracts obtained through search criteria were reviewed. Only articles written in English, on human subjects with documented surgical results and relevant articles were included in this study. After a thorough literature search, a total of 24 articles were identified. Penile lengthening procedures at the time of penile prosthesis comprise most of the literature on this subject. Lengthening procedures are as simple as Peyronie's plaque excision and grafting to complex sliding and lengthening procedures requiring complete neurovascular bundle and partial urethral mobilization. Additionally, aggressive cylinder sizing and prolonged postoperative cycling at home are also described. Glanulopexy may be necessary when malpositioning of the glans is present. Other options such as scrotoplasty are also available options for those patients with scrotal webs. Notably there is a paucity of published literature regarding girth enhancement, buried penis repair, hernia repair, and vasectomy at time of penile prosthesis placement. There are numerous procedures that can be performed in the same operative setting as penile prosthesis. Although the procedures do have a common goal to provide optimal postoperative natural appearance, length, straightness, girth and function, the techniques employed must be tailored to each patient as there is not a one-procedure fits all in this patient population.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Implante Peniano/métodos , Prótese de Pênis , Disfunção Erétil/etiologia , Disfunção Erétil/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão , Ereção Peniana , Pênis/anatomia & histologia , Pênis/cirurgia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Escroto/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Urology ; 135: 146-153, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626854

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of traumatic bulbar stricture and to evaluate their ability to estimate repair complexity. METHODS: Eighty-nine men with traumatic bulbar stricture who underwent urethrography and MRI at least 3 months postinjury and subsequent excision and primary anastomosis were retrospectively analyzed. The associations of MRI findings, including continuity of the tunica albuginea of the corpus spongiosum, periurethral fistula, spongiofibrosis length (SFL), and distal and proximal bulbar urethral length from the stricture, with urethrography and operative parameters were evaluated. RESULTS: Mean SFL was significantly longer than mean stricture length on urethrography (14.9 vs 7.9 mm, P <.0001). Periurethral fistula was found in 18 (20.2%) patients on MRI but not in 10 (55.6%) of them on urethrography. The corpus spongiosum was disrupted in 40 patients (55.1%) on MRI. On multivariate linear regression, SFL (standard coefficient, 0.25; t value, 2.31; P = .02) predicted operation time, while SFL (standard coefficient, 0.22; t value, 2.04; P = .04) and proximal bulbar urethral length (standard coefficient, -0.25; t value, -2.11; P = .04) independently predicted blood loss. Corporal splitting to reduce anastomotic tension and/or increase visualization during repair was needed in 33 patients (37.1%). Stricture length on urethrography (odds ratio [OR], 1.22; 95% confidence interval, 1.04-1.42; P = .006) and corpus spongiosum disruption (odds ratio, 5.51; 95% confidence interval, 1.57-19.34, P = .005) were independent predictors for the need of corporal splitting. CONCLUSION: In contrast to urethrography findings, MRI findings help predict traumatic bulbar stricture repair complexity.


Assuntos
Planejamento de Assistência ao Paciente , Doenças do Pênis/complicações , Pênis/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estreitamento Uretral/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/diagnóstico por imagem , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra/diagnóstico por imagem , Estreitamento Uretral/diagnóstico por imagem , Estreitamento Uretral/etiologia
13.
Int J Impot Res ; 32(1): 64-74, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31383991

RESUMO

Congenital penile curvature (CPC) is a relatively uncommon condition, characterized by congenital angulation of the erect penis. Surgical correction of CPC is the gold standard therapy with a variety of proposed surgical techniques and modifications. This review summarizes the contemporary literature on the surgical management of CPC, trying to address the current trends, as well as the advantages and disadvantages of available methods. We performed a non-systematic narrative and interpretative literature review until December 2018. We included articles with isolated CPC in human adults. We excluded original research articles regarding the surgical treatment of Peyronie's disease (PD). In total, we identified 34 studies including 2155 patients with CPC that met our inclusion criteria. Nine studies included patients with both CPC and PD, but reported sufficient data regarding the CPC cohort. Excisional corporoplasty and incisionless plication seemed to be the preferred surgical methods (10 and 12 studies, respectively), followed by incisional corporoplasty (5) and grafting (3). Four studies reported results of more than one method. Overall, patients with CPC can expect excellent outcomes with surgical repair and minimal side effects. No definite conclusions can be made regarding which technique is superior. The widely varied outcomes highlight the need for standardized outcomes measures in future research.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/tendências , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/congênito , Ereção Peniana , Pênis/anormalidades , Pênis/patologia , Pênis/cirurgia
15.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(12)2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31811092

RESUMO

Penile calciphylaxis is a rare but clinically challenging condition to manage. While multiple treatment options have been proposed, the underlying evidence is anecdotal, and the overall prognosis remains extremely poor. We describe the case of a patient who underwent urgent debridement of a suspected gangrenous penile tip, who was intraoperatively found to have penile calciphylaxis. The necrosis progressed and the patient had a glans amputation. A non-healing wound developed, requiring reconstruction with two skin grafts using foreskin by the plastic and reconstructive surgical unit. The patient was commenced on sodium thiosulfate and his wound had completely healed 2 months following his last operation. We review the literature to determine the biochemical features, management options and outcomes in patients with penile calciphylaxis.


Assuntos
Calciofilaxia/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Falência Renal Crônica , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Pênis/patologia , Adulto , Amputação , Calciofilaxia/complicações , Calciofilaxia/cirurgia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Gangrena , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/complicações , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia
16.
BMJ Case Rep ; 12(10)2019 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31645379

RESUMO

We present three male patients who had a rare presentation of anal fistula reaching the genital tract. Patient 1: a 44-year-old diabetic man presented initially to urology clinic complaining of penile and scrotal masses increasing in size for 6 months. Patient 2: a 67-year-old diabetic man presented with chronic sinus discharge from the scrotum. Patient 3: a 37-year-old diabetic man who presented with chronic sinus draining pus-like material from the scrotum for 1 year. Patients 1 and 2: following diagnosis of perianal fistula by MRI fistulography, complete excision of the fistula was done. This required tracking the fistula surgically, a perineal midline incision to release the fistula and excision of the fistula opening in the anal canal. The patients were doing well postoperative and no recurrence of fistula at 1-year follow-up. Patient 3: he refused surgical intervention. Penile mass or scrotal discharge has not been reported to be caused by fistula-in-ano.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Fístula Retal/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Períneo/cirurgia , Fístula Retal/diagnóstico , Escroto/cirurgia
17.
Bull Soc Pathol Exot ; 112(2): 114-118, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31478616

RESUMO

Implant of artificial penile nodule (APN) is a socio-cultural practice, linked to penitentiary environment in French Guiana. Physicians are often unfamiliar with its existence. Although serious complications remain low regarding the high prevalence of this practice, urgent cares could be required. Indeed, implant of nodule can have functional sequelae, and sometimes life-threatening consequences, especially if infection occurs and spreads. We have reported the case of a 23-year-old male who presented an infection of the penis after the implant of two APN. Removal of the nodules associated with oral antibiotics was needed. We also present CT-scan images of another patient, as an example of fortuitous discovery of these nodules. We finally discuss the various complications already described in literature.


Assuntos
Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Prótese de Pênis/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico , Administração Oral , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Remoção de Dispositivo , Guiana Francesa , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Prisões , Desenho de Prótese/efeitos adversos , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
18.
Rev. int. androl. (Internet) ; 17(3): 101-109, jul.-sept. 2019. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-188238

RESUMO

Objetivos: Dada la escasez de artículos científicos que revisen las distintas técnicas disponibles para modificaciones estéticas en el pene y que son causa de problemas uro-andrológicos posteriores, se revisa la literatura existente tras la asistencia de una infección peneana tras inyección de ácido hialurónico subcutáneo con fines estéticos. Material y métodos: Se expone un caso de un varón de 38 años de edad sin antecedentes médicos o psiquiátricos de interés, que acude a la urgencia por presentar inflamación y abscesificación en la piel peneana tras la inyección de ácido hialurónico. Fue preciso tratamiento quirúrgico mediante denudamiento y exéresis de la piel afecta, siendo la posterior evolución satisfactoria. El análisis psicológico realizado mostró una personalidad narcisista, posiblemente secundaria a traumas en la infancia. Se ha revisado la literatura presente en bases de datos médicas, así como información disponible on-line. Resultados. El aumento del tamaño del pene es una importante preocupación cultural y social, por lo que existen en el mercado distintos dispositivos para satisfacer esta demanda, entre los que destacan la fitoterapia, los ejercicios de estiramiento, pesas, bombas de vacío o dispositivos extensores. Entre las técnicas quirúrgicas descritas están la liposucción púbica, la sección del ligamento suspensorio del pene o la inyección de material autólogo o sustancias sintéticas, entre otras. Existen otras modificaciones estéticas peneanas entre las que destacan una amplia variedad de piercings genitales, tatuajes e implantes subcutáneos también denominados pocketing o "implantes 3D". Todas estas técnicas o modificaciones se describen en este artículo junto con sus posibles complicaciones urológicas asociadas más frecuentes. Conclusiones: Cada vez son más frecuentes las manipulaciones estéticas en el pene, y tanto la terminología popular como sus implicaciones médico-quirúrgicas deben ser conocidas por los urólogos y andrólogos


Objectives: Due to the scarcity of scientific articles that review the technical alternatives available for aesthetic modifications in the penis that are the cause of subsequent uro-andrological problems, the existing literature is reviewed after the assistance of a penile infection by injection of subcutaneous hyaluronic acid with aesthetic purposes. Material and methods: A 38-year-old male patient with no medical or psychiatric remarkable reports who came to the emergency room due to inflammation and abscess in penile skin after injection of hyaluronic acid. Surgical treatment was required and degloving and excision of affected skin was performed, with subsequent satisfactory evolution. The psychological analysis showed a narcissistic personality possibly secondary to traumas in childhood. We have reviewed the literature present in medical databases as well as information available on-line. Results: Enlargement of the penis is an important cultural and social concern, so that there are different devices in the market to meet this demand, among them: herbal medicine, stretching exercises, weights, vacuum pumps or extensor devices. Among the surgical techniques, there have been described the pubic liposuction, the section of the suspensory ligament of the penis or the injection of autologous material or synthetic substances among others. As for the aesthetic modifications of the penis, there is a wide variety of genital piercings, tattoos and subcutaneous implants also called "pocketing" or "3D implants". All of these techniques or modifications are described in this article along with their possible associated more frequent urological complications. Conclusions: Aesthetic manipulations in the penis are becoming increasingly popular, and both its terminology and its medical implications should be known by urologists and andrologists. Community


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Doenças do Pênis/psicologia , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Estética
19.
J Med Case Rep ; 13(1): 214, 2019 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A defect in embryological development or closure of median raphe may lead to formation of cyst(s) anywhere in the midline from glans to anus. These cysts are referred to as median raphe cysts, an uncommonly encountered clinical condition. The cyst is generally solitary, with the penile shaft being the most common location, with average size of around 1 cm. The diagnosis is mostly clinical and confirmed histologically. We report a case of a patient with a rare histological variant of median raphe cyst and provide a focused review on presentation, histopathology, and management. CASE PRESENTATION: A 29-year-old unmarried Nepali man presented to our clinic with an asymptomatic, solitary, soft, translucent, nontender cystic lesion of about 1-cm diameter at the ventral aspect of glans penis, close to the meatus, that had been noticed at the age of 3 and was nonprogressive for the past 15 years. Ultrasonography demonstrated an isoechoic cystic lesion at the tip of the penis, separated from the urethra, and lying entirely within the mucosa without any evidence of solid component, septation, or vascularity. On the basis of clinical and ultrasonographic findings, a diagnosis of median raphe cyst of the penis was made. The cyst was excised with the patient under local anesthesia, and there was no evidence of recurrence in 2 years of follow-up. The histopathological examination with Hematoxylin and eosin staining showed the cyst wall was lined partly by ciliated pseudostratified columnar epithelium and partly by columnar epithelium with apical mucin. CONCLUSIONS: Median raphe cyst is an uncommon, mostly asymptomatic condition in young patients. The cyst may occur anywhere along the midline from glans to anus. The diagnosis is clinical with histological confirmation. Excision is the treatment of choice with minimal chance of recurrence.


Assuntos
Cistos/patologia , Doenças do Pênis/patologia , Adulto , Cistos/congênito , Cistos/diagnóstico , Cistos/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças do Pênis/congênito , Doenças do Pênis/diagnóstico , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia
20.
Andrologia ; 51(9): e13351, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264245

RESUMO

Until now, no reliable method is recognised in treating buried penis. This study explored a new method of penile length augmentation using acellular dermal matrix filler in infrapubic space combined with liposuction and penile suspensory release. Patients with "small-sized penis" received penile length augmentation procedure including suprapubic liposuction, penile suspensory ligament release and insertion of folded acellular dermal matrix between corpora cavernosa and pubis symphysis. Their penile length from tip to skin was measured pre-operatively and post-operatively. The post-operative complications and patients' satisfaction were also recorded. Fifteen adult male patients were included with the mean age of 33.2 ± 4.6 years old and BMI of 28.9 ± 5.3 kg/m2 . The average amount of liposuction was 430 ± 90.0 ml. The average penile length measured pre-operatively and post-operatively (on table and 3 months afterwards) was 3.0 ± 1.3 cm, 7.3 ± 2.1 cm and 5.4 ± 1.8 cm. The penile length has significantly increased by 4.3 ± 1.6 cm (on table) and 2.4 ± 0.8 cm (3 months post-operatively; p < 0.05). The post-operative complications included oedema of penis, ecchymosis of lower abdomen and poor wound healing. No patient was dissatisfied with the appearance and function. The new method using acellular dermal matrix combined with liposuction and penile suspensory ligament release is safe and effective. The method could be applied to selected patients with buried penis.


Assuntos
Derme Acelular , Preenchedores Dérmicos/uso terapêutico , Lipectomia/métodos , Doenças do Pênis/cirurgia , Pênis/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Lipectomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Obesidade/complicações , Obesidade/terapia , Tamanho do Órgão , Satisfação do Paciente , Seleção de Pacientes , Doenças do Pênis/etiologia , Doenças do Pênis/patologia , Pênis/patologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Urológicos Masculinos/efeitos adversos
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