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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(1): e18538, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895790

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of dexmedetomidine in patients undergoing total knee and hip arthroplasty for postoperative pain control. METHODS: An updated systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) identified in systematic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Google Scholar, the Cochrane Database and the Chinese SinoMed Database. RESULTS: Fourteen RCTs with a total of 1220 patients were included. Overall, dexmedetomidine therapy was associated with significantly decreased pain scores 24 hours after surgery (WMD, -0.36; 95% CI, -0.49 to -0.22; I = 90.0%, P < .001) compared with scores in the control group after total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Furthermore, the rate of postoperative delirium was also markedly decreased with dexmedetomidine therapy (RR, 0.38; 95% CI, 0.24 to 0.59; I = 0.0%, P < .001). Moreover, compared with the control group, dexmedetomidine treatment was associated with a decreased risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing TKA (RR, 0.34; 95% CI, 0.15 to 0.79; I = 0.0%, P = .012), and there was a similar risk of hypotension (RR, 1.03; 95% CI, 0.72 to 1.49; I = 24.4%, P = .87) regardless of whether patients underwent TKA or THA. However, the rate of bradycardia was significantly increased with dexmedetomidine treatment in those undergoing TKA (RR, 6.11; 95% CI, 2.35 to 15.91; I = 0.0%, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Dexmedetomidine therapy seems to be an effective treatment for pain control and postoperative delirium in patients undergoing TKA/THA. However, the incidence of bradycardia is markedly increased in patients undergoing TKA. Hence, much larger prospective clinical studies are warranted to confirm these findings.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Dexmedetomidina/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): e7-e11, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31530171

RESUMO

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome is a hereditary connective tissue disorder that has gastrointestinal manifestations in over 50% of its cases. We present the first case of bariatric surgery in a patient with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and outline management challenges in the context of the relevant literature. A 56-year-old man with type IV Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and a body mass index of 41.8 kg/m2 was referred to the bariatric centre of the Churchill Hospital, Oxford, for consideration of surgery for morbid obesity. His comorbidity included type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidaemia and obstructive sleep apnoea. He underwent a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. His initial recovery was uneventful and he was discharged on the first postoperative day. Six weeks later, he presented with 43.9% excess weight loss and improved glycaemic control. Three months postoperatively, however, he complained of dysphagia, regurgitation and postprandial pain. A barium meal and gastroscopy suggested the presence of a gastric diverticulum. A surgical exploration was planned. Intraoperative gastroscopy demonstrated an asymmetrical gastric pouch dilatation and the pouch was therefore refashioned laparoscopically. Despite the initial symptomatic relief, two months later he experienced retrosternal pain with progressive dysphagia. Since then, multiple endoscopic dilatations of the gastro-oesophageal junction have been performed for recurrence of symptoms. Finally, a laparoscopic hiatus hernia repair and adhesiolysis was performed resulting in complete relief of patient's symptoms. Bariatric management of patients with Ehlers-Danlos syndrome can prove challenging. The bariatric team must implement a careful management plan including a detailed consent process, a tailored surgical intervention and a follow-up focused on potential gastrointestinal manifestations.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/complicações , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Transtornos de Deglutição/etiologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Endoscopia do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Hérnia Hiatal/diagnóstico , Hérnia Hiatal/etiologia , Hérnia Hiatal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade Mórbida/complicações , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Reoperação
3.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 28-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232611

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery programmes are established as an essential part of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Optimal pain management is central to the success of an enhanced recovery programme and is acknowledged to be an important patient reported outcome measure. A variety of analgesia strategies are employed in elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery ranging from patient-controlled analgesia to local anaesthetic wound infiltration catheters. However, there is little evidence regarding the optimal analgesia strategy in this cohort of patients. The LapCoGesic study aimed to explore differences in analgesia strategies employed for patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery and to assess whether this variation in practice has an impact on patient-reported and clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, multicentre, observational cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal resection was undertaken over a two-month period. The primary outcome measure was postoperative pain scores at 24 hours. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 22. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery were included in the study. Thoracic epidural was used in 4 (3.9%) patients, spinal diamorphine in 56 (54.4%) patients and patient-controlled analgesia in 77 (74.8%) patients. The use of thoracic epidural and spinal diamorphine were associated with lower pain scores on day 1 postoperatively (P < 0.05). The use of patient-controlled analgesia was associated with significantly higher postoperative pain scores and pain severity. DISCUSSION: Postoperative pain is managed in a variable manner in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery, which has an impact on patient reported outcomes of pain scores and pain severity.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Analgesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
J Surg Res ; 245: 107-114, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415931

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To help control opioid overprescription, we conducted a large institutional, 3-site initiative to provide discharge prescribing guidelines for different procedures. Our aim is to refine institutional guidelines for parathyroidectomy. METHODS: Patients undergoing parathyroidectomy completed a 28-question survey about opioid consumption. Discharge opioid prescription amounts were converted into morphine milligram equivalents (MMEs) and reported as median and interquartile range (IQR). Consumption was dichotomized into top quartile MME users (Q4) versus standard users (Q1, Q3). Univariate analysis compared opioid consumption. RESULTS: A total of 91 patients were included; 90% were opioid-naive. While the median prescribed was 75 (IQR 75, 150) MME, the median consumed was 0 (IQR 0, 20). Top users reported higher pain scores [median (IQR): 2 (2, 4)] compared to standard users [1 (0, 3), P = 0.01]. However, there was no difference in opioid consumption between unilateral neck exploration, bilateral exploration, or thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy, P = 0.11. There was no difference in opioid consumption by age, sex, or BMI (all P > 0.05). Of those receiving a prescription, 94.6% had left-over opioids at the time of survey, resulting in 82% of prescribed opioids being unused. CONCLUSIONS: Over half of patients undergoing parathyroidectomy did not consume any opioid, and very few needed more than 2 d of opioid. Moreover, most patients did not dispose the unused opioids, which put these pills at risk of diversion and misuse. Surgical approach did not change consumption, illustrating that these guidelines are applicable to thyroidectomy given the similarity between techniques. We recommend prescribing nonopioid analgesics for patients undergoing parathyroidectomy.


Assuntos
Analgésicos não Entorpecentes/efeitos adversos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Paratireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , /prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Tireoidectomia/efeitos adversos
5.
J Surg Res ; 245: 309-314, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric postoperative opioid prescribing has come under scrutiny as a result of the ongoing opioid epidemic. Previous research has demonstrated that African American adults are less likely to receive analgesics, particularly opioids, after surgery, even after controlling for pain severity. We sought to examine racial disparities in the filling of opioid prescriptions by pediatric surgical patients after cholecystectomy. METHODS: We studied patients aged 1 to 18 y who were enrolled in Ohio Medicaid and underwent cholecystectomy. Procedures performed in January 2013-July 2016 were included. The percentage of patients who filled a postoperative opioid prescription within 14 d of their procedure was compared between black and white patients using log binomial regression models fit using generalized estimating equations to account for patient clustering within hospitals. RESULTS: We identified 1277 patients who underwent a cholecystectomy. In unadjusted analyses, black children were significantly less likely than white children to fill an opioid prescription postoperatively (74.9% versus 85.7%, P < 0.001). After adjustment for patient-level clinical and demographic characteristics, we found that black children treated at non-children's hospitals in large-/medium-sized urban counties were significantly less likely to fill an opioid prescription after cholecystectomy when compared with white children treated at urban children's hospitals or to white children treated in non-children's hospitals in either large/medium urban counties or other counties. However, this association was partly explained by a longer average length of stay among black children. CONCLUSIONS: Black children who undergo cholecystectomy at urban non-children's hospitals are less likely to fill a postoperative opioid prescription than white children who undergo cholecystectomy at those same hospitals or other hospitals. Further research is needed to identify whether this disparity is due to a lower rate of opioid prescribing or a lower rate of prescription filling.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Colecistectomia/efeitos adversos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Afro-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Europeu/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Ohio , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Estados Unidos
6.
Orv Hetil ; 160(52): 2054-2060, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868008

RESUMO

Introduction: Due to the increasing number of arthroplasties, the number of post-operative hospital days was reduced and the rate of rehabilitation accelerated. For this, proper postoperative analgesia is essential and the multimodal pain relief is an excellent tool. Aim: The aim of our study was to compare postoperative functional results, postoperative pain levels, and opioid analgesic needs of patients who received conventional and novel analgesic treatments. Method: In our prospective study, 81 patients were enrolled who underwent primary hip prosthesis surgery in our institution between February 2017 and January 2018. Of the randomized patients, 38 were in the control group and 43 in the multimodal pain group. We have tested their analgesic needs and the subjective pain levels of patients with the help of the visual analog scale (VAS). Results: Patients receiving multimodal pain relief had significantly lower opioid analgesic requirements and significantly lower VAS values assessed at 6 hours, and 3 and 4 days postoperatively. In addition, the patients in this group stayed in the hospital for a significantly shorter time after surgery. Conclusions: Based on our experience, multimodal pain relief in one-sided primary hip joint arthroplasty significantly reduced the patients' postoperative subjective pain sensation and pain killer consumptions. Orv Hetil. 2019; 160(52): 2054-2060.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(50): e18356, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31852139

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is accompanied by moderate to severe postoperative pain. Multimodal analgesia, such as femoral nerve block, periarticular infiltration analgesia (PIA), and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia, have been used for postoperative analgesia. Recently, randomized controlled trials have compared the efficacy of the adductor canal block (ACB) and the PIA in patients undergoing TKA. However, there is no definite answer as to the efficacy and safety of the ACB compared with the PIA. METHOD: Randomized controlled trials about relevant studies were searched from PubMed (1996 to May 2019), Embase (1980 to May 2019), and Cochrane Library (CENTRAL, May 2019). Five studies which compared the ACB with the PIA methods were included in our meta-analysis. RESULTS: Five studies containing 413 patients met the inclusion criteria. There were no significant differences between the ACB and the PIA group in visual analog scale (VAS) score at rest (P = .14) and movement (P = .18), quadriceps muscle strength (P = .95), complications (P = .78), length of stay (LOS) (P = .54), and time up and go (TUG) test (P = .09), While patients in the ACB group had less equivalent morphine consumption (P < .05) compared with the PIA group. CONCLUSIONS: Our pooled data indicated the ACB group reduced the equivalent morphine consumption compared with the PIA group, with no statistically significant differences in the VAS score, quadriceps muscle strength, TUG test, complications, and LOS.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Músculo Quadríceps/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Coxa da Perna , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 101(8): 606-608, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31672035

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The 12-mm AirSeal® port is widely used in robotically assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy due to its ability to maintain stable pneumoperitoneal pressures and smoke evacuation. However, it creates a potential risk of port site hernia. We have traditionally used EndoClose™ to perform full thickness closure of this port, but noted that patients experienced increased pain related to this procedure, which sometimes persisted for several months. Using the Da Vinci Si we performed peritoneal closure with 2-0 vicryl by switching the fourth arm to the right master controller. The external oblique sheath was closed outside with 1 Ethibond. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed this closure in 20 consecutive patients (group 1). Postoperative day 1, 2 and post-discharge telephone consultation pain scores (1-10) were recorded and compared with the previous 20 consecutive patients who had the EndoClose closure (group 2). RESULTS: We recorded an instructional video to enable reproduction of the new technique. The mean length of stay was 1.5 days for patients in group 1 and 1.9 days for those in group 2 (P = 0.04). There was no difference in operating time or average day 1 pain scores. Post-discharge follow-up call revealed 1 of 20 patients who had AirSeal port site pain in group 1 and 5 of 17 in group 2 (P = 0.04). Pain scores also tended to be higher for group 2. CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary analysis of this novel technique to close the AirSeal port in two separate layers improves postoperative pain related to this port site.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia/métodos , Prostatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Próstata/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos , Idoso , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Técnicas de Fechamento de Ferimentos/efeitos adversos
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17708, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689803

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to assess the effect of preoperative sleep quality on acute postoperative pain in breast cancer patients.The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index questionnaire (PSQI) was used to assess the overall sleep status of women scheduled for unilateral modified radical mastectomy in the past month. Based on the responses, patients were allocated to good sleep group or poor sleep group. Postoperatively, acute pain was assessed using the numerical rating score in the first 24 hours; in addition, the requirement of analgesics and the incidence of postoperative complications were recorded.A total of 108 breast surgery patients were enrolled. Based on the PSQI results, 55 (51%) patients were allocated to poor sleep group and 53 (49%) to good sleep group. Pain scores were similar in the 2 groups at the end of surgery (P = .589); however, poor sleep group reported higher postoperative pain scores than the good sleep group at 2 (P = .002), 6 (P < .001), 12 (P < .001), and 24 (P = .002) hours after surgery. The incidence of severe pain in the poor sleep group was higher than that in the good sleep group (27% vs 8%, P = .018), and the ratio of participants who required rescued analgesics was greater in the poor sleep group (52% vs 22%, P = .002). In addition, patients with poor sleep quality had more postoperative complications and longer hospital stay.In this study, breast cancer patients with poor preoperative sleep quality reported more severe postoperative pain, required more analgesics, experienced more complications, and had longer hospital stay.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/complicações , Sono , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Distúrbios do Início e da Manutenção do Sono/fisiopatologia , Adulto Jovem
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e17967, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770205

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The analgesic efficacy of paravertebral block for percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the analgesic efficacy of paravertebral block for patients with percutaneous nephrolithotomy. METHODS: We have searched PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases, and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing analgesic efficacy of paravertebral block for percutaneous nephrolithotomy are included in this meta-analysis. RESULTS: Five RCTs are included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control group after percutaneous nephrolithotomy, paravertebral block is associated with the decrease in analgesic consumption (standard mean difference (Std. MD) = -1.55; 95% confidence interval (CI) = -2.18 to -0.92; P < .00001) and additional analgesics (risk ratio (RR) = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.07 to 0.44; P = .0003), prolonged time to first analgesic requirement (Std. MD = 1.51; 95% CI = 0.26 to 2.76; P = .02). There is no statistical difference of adverse events including nausea or vomiting (RR = 0.51; 95% CI = 0.11 to 2.35; P = .38), or itching (RR = 0.69; 95% CI = 0.26 to 1.81; P = .45) between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Paravertebral block is effective for pain control after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e18056, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770220

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of continuous adductor canal block (CACB) versus continuous femoral nerve block (CFNB) in postoperative analgesia and early rehabilitation of patients with total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, and EMbase were systematically searched to retrieve literature comparing efficacy of CACB versus CFNB on pain relief and functional recovery in knee replacement patients until December 2018, without language limitation. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software. RESULTS: A total of 7 clinical randomized controlled trials and 4 retrospective studies were included, involving 484 cases in the CACB group and 491 in the CFNB group. The results of the meta-analysis showed that the visual analogue scores (VAS) at rest were similar between the CACB group and the CFNB group at 8 hours (standard mean difference(SMD) = -0.26, 95% confidence interval(CI): -0.62, 0.11), 12 hours (SMD = -0.02, 95%CI: -0.50, 0.47), 24 hours (SMD = 0.05, 95%CI: -0.22, 0.33), and 48 hours (SMD = -0.10, 95%CI: -0.29, 0.09) after TKA (P > .05 for all). The muscle strength of patients in the CACB group post-operation was significantly improved than those of the CFNB group (SMD = 0.81; 95% CI: 0.35, 1.26; P = .0005). There were no significant differences in the amount of opioids consumption and the incidence of postoperative fall between CACB and CFNB (P > .05). CONCLUSION: The analgesic effects of CACB versus CFNB are equivalent after TKA. CACB has less effect on the quadriceps muscle strength, which is beneficial to the early postoperative activities and functional rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Anestesia por Condução/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Nervo Femoral , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Músculo Quadríceps/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Estudos Retrospectivos , Coxa da Perna/inervação , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17621, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626143

RESUMO

While the pain after gynecological laparoscopy is assumed to be minor, many women suffer from unexpected postoperative pain in the post-anesthesia care unit (PACU). Prior identification of these patients is significant for effective analgesia. Therefore, we sought to determine the predictors for acute postoperative pain after gynecological laparoscopy. The data of 280 patients undergoing gynecological laparoscopy were analyzed. Data included demographic characteristics, previous obstetric/gynecologic surgical history, menstruation pattern including dysmenorrhea severity, gynecological hormone administration history, and surgical data (surgical time, endometriosis severity, adhesion, drainage insertion, and surgery type). Univariate analysis and binary logistic regression were used to evaluate predictors for substantial pain in the PACU after gynecologic laparoscopy. Among the 280 patients, 115 (41%) suffered from substantial postoperative pain in the PACU. Whenever the level of dysmenorrhea became more severe (none → mild → moderate → severe), the risk of substantial pain in the PACU increased 2.9-fold (odds ratio [OR] 2.92, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.11-4.03, P < .001). Moreover, patients undergoing laparoscopy for ectopic pregnancy had a higher risk of substantial pain compared with the others (OR 3.11, 95% CI 1.36-7.12, P = .007). Other factors did not show a significant association with substantial pain. Patients with preoperative severe dysmenorrhea and those undergoing laparoscopy for ectopic pregnancy should be considered to have a high risk of substantial postoperative pain in the PACU so that they receive prompt and aggressive analgesic intervention. In particular, dysmenorrhea severity is clinically valuable as a useful predictor for substantial pain after gynecological laparoscopy.


Assuntos
Dor Aguda/diagnóstico , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Doenças dos Genitais Femininos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Aguda/etiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 39(10): 500-504, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599858

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Opioids are commonly used after posterior spinal instrumented fusion (PSIF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Prescription opioids use can potentially lead to misuse, abuse, dependence, and overdose death. Prolonged opioid use has not been extensively studied in the postoperative AIS population. The purpose of this study is to identify risk factors associated with prolonged opioid use after PSIF for AIS. METHODS: A large insurance database was queried for AIS patients undergoing PSIF. Patients with prolonged postoperative opioid use were defined as those receiving new prescriptions for an opioid medication >6 weeks following the date of surgery, up to 8 months postoperatively. Preoperative and intraoperative risk factors for prolonged opioid use were then examined, including the number of spinal levels fused, preoperative opioid prescriptions, demographic variables, pertinent comorbidities (anxiety, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, and autism) and other preoperative prescriptions (anxiolytics, antidepressants, nonopioid analgesics, neuropathic medications, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder medications). Each variable's independent risk for prolonged postoperative opioid use was examined utilizing a multivariable binomial regression analysis. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A total of 511 patients were included in the study. Of this 50 patients (9.78%) were found to have prolonged opioid use following scoliosis surgery. Preoperative opioid use (odds ratio, 2.93; P<0.001) was the most significant predictor of prolonged postoperative opioid use. In addition, female sex, obesity, a preoperative diagnosis of anxiety and a preoperative prescription for a muscle relaxer were also significant positive risk factors for prolonged postoperative opioid use. Several factors were found to be protective against prolonged postoperative opioid use. Fewer total fusion levels, compared with ≥13 levels, had a significantly lower risk of prolonged opioid use. Preoperative anxiolytic and antidepressant use were also both negative predictors of prolonged opioid use. CONCLUSIONS: Efforts at addressing preoperative opioid use, anxiety, obesity, and providing multimodal pain management strategies should be considered to reduce additional postoperative opioid prescriptions after PSIF for AIS. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III-retrospective comparative study.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Escoliose/epidemiologia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Demandas Administrativas em Assistência à Saúde , Adolescente , Ansiolíticos/uso terapêutico , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Criança , Comorbidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relaxantes Musculares Centrais/uso terapêutico , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Período Pós-Operatório , Período Pré-Operatório , Fatores de Proteção , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17358, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574881

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies comparing adductor canal block (ACB) with femoral nerve block (FNB) are inconclusive with regard to patient-controlled analgesia (PCA) induced by opioids. Moreover, some postoperative pain severity results differ between previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The primary aim of the current study was to compare total intravenous morphine consumption administered via PCA during the first postoperative day in continuous FNB and ACB groups after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Secondary aims included evaluation of postoperative pain via a visual analog scale, degree of knee extension, quadriceps muscle strength, and ability to sit, stand upright, and walk. METHODS: The study was a RCT. Inclusion criteria were presence of gonarthrosis, age >18 and <75 years, and scheduled for TKA under single-shot spinal anesthesia. RESULTS: A number of morphine uses was lower in the FNB group than in the ACB group (14, range 12-15 vs 20, range 18-22; P = .0001), and they perceived less severe pain at the 8th (P = .00003) and 24th hours. However, ACB was significantly superior with regard to most of the other parameters pertaining to mobility, including muscle strength at the 8th and 24th hours, degree of knee extension at the 8th hour, sitting at the 8th hour, standing upright at the 24th hour, and walking at the 24th and 48th hours. DISCUSSION: FNB was associated with the perception of less severe pain after TKAs. However, ACB was associated with earlier mobility rehabilitation.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Nervo Femoral/efeitos dos fármacos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Morfina/uso terapêutico , Força Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Músculo Quadríceps , Amplitude de Movimento Articular/efeitos dos fármacos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica/efeitos dos fármacos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17545, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626118

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Controversy still exists regarding the efficiency and safety of ilioinguinal/iliohypogastric nerve (II/IH) block versus transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block for pain management after inguinal hernia repair. The purpose of the current meta-analysis was to perform a relatively credible and comprehensive assessment to compare the efficiency and safety of II/IH versus TAP for pain management after inguinal hernia repair. METHODS: The PUBMED, CENTRAL, and EMBASE were systematically searched. Studies comparing II/IH versus TAP for pain management in adult patients undergoing inguinal herniorrhaphy were included. The results of this study are synthesized and reported following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement. RESULTS: Six studies with 632 patients were included in this study. No statistically significant difference was observed between the II/IH and TAP groups in postoperative opioid use, the time to first request for rescue analgesia, the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), incidence of complication related with nerve blocks and patient satisfaction. The TAP group had a significantly higher pain score at 6 and 8 hours postoperatively (6 hours: mean difference [MD] = 0.94, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.22, I = 0%, P < .01; 8 hours: MD = 1.02, 95% CI 0.3-1.74, I = 59%, P < .01). However, no statistically significant difference was observed at 1, 2, 4, 12, 24, 48 hours, and 6 months postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: In general, this meta-analysis revealed that both approaches have similar postoperative opioid consumption and no significant difference in postoperative complication and patient satisfaction. The II/IH block provides excellent analgesic effects at 6 and 8 hours after inguinal herniorrhaphy in compared with the TAP block. However, more high-quality randomized controlled trials with long-term follow-up are still required to make the conclusion.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Adulto , Idoso , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Herniorrafia/métodos , Humanos , Plexo Hipogástrico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuralgia/etiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1174-1180, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618333

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aims to explore the relationship between preoperative anxiety and chronic postoperative pain. METHODS: A total of forty rats were divided into four groups, control, single-prolonged stress alone, Hysterectomy alone, and SPS+ Hysterectomy. The paw withdrawal mechanical thresholds (PWMT) were examined. qRT-PCR and western blotting assay were performed to detect the GFAP expression in astrocytes isolated from the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) region. In addition, the long-term potentiation (LTP) in ACC was examined. RESULTS: Rats in the SPS group or the Hysterectomy alone group had no significant effect on chronic pain formation, but SPS can significantly induce chronic pain after surgery. Astrocytes were still active, and the LTP was significantly increased three days after modeling in the SPS+Hysterectomy group. CONCLUSIONS: anxiety can induce chronic pain by activating astrocytes in the ACC region.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/complicações , Astrócitos/metabolismo , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Animais , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Giro do Cíngulo/metabolismo , Membro Posterior , Histerectomia , Potenciação de Longa Duração/fisiologia , Limiar da Dor/fisiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Período Pré-Operatório , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Fatores de Tempo
17.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 65(9): 1201-1207, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618338

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Inguinal hernioplasty techniques have been improved since the first hernioplasty. Tension-free techniques that apply synthetic mesh materials, as in the Lichtenstein approach, are the gold standard. Laparoscopic hernioplasty is the strongest alternative to Lichtenstein. The superiority of laparoscopic hernioplasty over Lichtenstein is a major topic of debate. In this study, we aimed to find a conclusion to this debate by comparing our totally extraperitoneal (TEP) experiences with Lichtenstein experiences. METHODS: Patients who underwent inguinal hernioplasty at the Gulhane Training and Research Hospital from 2013 to 2018 were included in this retrospective cohort study. The sample included 96 TEP and 90 Lichtenstein patients for a total of 186 patients. The variables assessed were hospitalization duration, postoperative early visual analog scale score, chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications. Data were collected from patient records and via telephone questionnaire if needed. Data analysis was done by SPSS v20, using chi-square, Fisher's exact, and Mann-Whitney U tests. RESULTS: Male/female ratios were similar between the TEP and Lichtenstein groups. There was no difference in mean age between groups (p=0.1). The hospital stay was shorter (p=0.0001), and early postoperative visual analog scale score was lower in the TEP group (p=0.003). Chronic pain, paresthesia, recurrence, and early postoperative complications (hematoma, seroma, wound infection) were similar. CONCLUSIONS: TEP is superior to Lichtenstein with shorter hospitalization duration and lower rates of early postoperative pain. No difference between the two techniques was found for chronic pain. We believe that laparoscopic hernioplasty approach may be the best alternative technique for inguinal hernia repair.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Herniorrafia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Herniorrafia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Parestesia/etiologia , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 29(11): 1436-1445, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31556797

RESUMO

Introduction: Major colorectal surgery procedures are complex operations that can result in significant postoperative pain and complications. More evidence is needed to demonstrate how opioid-related adverse drug events (ORADEs) after colorectal surgery can affect hospital length of stay (LOS), hospital revenue, and what their association is with clinical conditions. By understanding the clinical and economic impact of potential ORADEs within colorectal surgery, we hope to further guide approaches to perioperative pain management in an effort to improve patient care and reduce hospital costs. Materials and Methods: We conducted a retrospective study utilizing the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Administrative Database to analyze Medicare discharges involving three colorectal surgery diagnosis-related groups (DRGs) to identify potential ORADEs. The impact of potential ORADEs on mean hospital LOS and hospital revenue was analyzed. Results: The potential ORADE rate in patients undergoing colorectal surgery was 23.92%. The mean LOS for discharges with a potential ORADE was 5.35 days longer than without an ORADE. The mean hospital revenue per day with a potential ORADE was $418 less than without an ORADE. Any type of open surgery had a statistically significant higher potential ORADE rate than the matched laparoscopic case (P < .001). Clinical conditions most strongly associated with ORADEs in colorectal surgery included septicemia, pneumonia, shock, and fluid and electrolyte disorders. Conclusion: The incidence of ORADEs in colorectal surgery is high and is associated with longer hospital stays and reduced hospital revenue. Reducing the use of opioids in the perioperative setting, such as using multimodal analgesia strategies, may lead to positive outcomes with shorter hospital stays, increased hospital revenue, and improved patient care.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/estatística & dados numéricos , Custos Hospitalares , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Colo/cirurgia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/economia , Efeitos Colaterais e Reações Adversas Relacionados a Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/economia , Masculino , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/economia , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sepse/epidemiologia , Choque/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Desequilíbrio Hidroeletrolítico/epidemiologia
19.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 17(4): eAO4905, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508661

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare analgesia and opioid consumption for patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty with preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block with patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block. METHODS: The medical records of patients undergoing unilateral total hip arthroplasty between January 1st, 2017 and March 31, 2018 were reviewed, and 238 patients were included in the study. The primary outcome was postoperative opioid consumption in the first 24 postoperative hours. Secondary outcomes were intraoperative, post anesthesia care unit, and 48-hour opioid consumption, postoperative pain Visual Analog Scale scores, and post-anesthesia care unit length of stay. Primary and secondary endpoint data were compared between patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty with preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block with patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block. RESULTS: For the patients who received quadratus lumborum block, the 24-hour total oral morphine equivalent (milligram) requirements were lower (53.82mg±37.41), compared to the patients who did not receive quadratus lumborum block (77.59mL±58.42), with p=0.0011. Opioid requirements were consistently lower for the patients who received quadratus lumborum block at each additional assessment time point up to 48 hours. Pain Visual Analog Scale scores were lower up to 12 hours after surgery for the patients who received a posterior quadratus lumborum block, and the post-anesthesia care unit length of stay was shorter for the patients who received quadratus lumborum block. CONCLUSION: Preoperative posterior quadratus lumborum block for primary total hip arthroplasty is associated with decreased opioid requirements up to 48 hours, decreased Visual Analog Scale pain scores up to 12 hours, and shorter post-anesthesia care unit length of stay. Level of evidence: III.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Anestésicos Locais/uso terapêutico , Artroplastia de Quadril , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Anestesia Geral , Raquianestesia , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Período Perioperatório/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Urology ; 134: 103-108, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31536742

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To measure the incidence of persistent opioid use following ureteroscopy (URS). Over 100 Americans die every day from opioid overdose. Recent studies suggest that many opioid addictions surface after surgery. METHODS: Using claims data, we identified adults who underwent outpatient URS for treatment of upper tract stones between January 2008 and December 2016 and filled an opioid prescription attributable to URS. We then measured the rate of new persistent opioid use-defined as continued use of opioids 91-180 days after URS among those who were previously opioid-naive. Finally, we fit multivariable models to assess whether new persistent opioid use was associated with the amount of opioid prescribed at the time of URS. RESULTS: In total, 27,740 patients underwent outpatient URS, 51.2% of whom were opioid-naïve. Nearly 1 in 16 (6.2%) opioid-naïve patients developed new persistent opioid use after URS. Six months following surgery, beneficiaries with new persistent opioid use continued to fill prescriptions with daily doses of 4.2 oral morphine equivalents. Adjusting for measured sociodemographic and clinical differences, patients in the highest tercile of opioids prescribed at the time of URS had 69% higher odds of new persistent opioid use compared to those in the lowest tercile (odds ratio, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.41-2.03). CONCLUSION: Nearly 1 in 16 opioid-naive patients develop new persistent opioid use after URS. New persistent opioid use is associated with the amount of opioid prescribed at the time of URS. Given these findings, urologists should re-evaluate their post-URS opioid prescribing patterns.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides , Dor Pós-Operatória , Padrões de Prática Médica , Ureteroscopia , Cálculos Urinários/cirurgia , Adulto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/administração & dosagem , Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Demografia , Feminino , Humanos , Revisão da Utilização de Seguros , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/prevenção & controle , Dor Pós-Operatória/tratamento farmacológico , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Ureteroscopia/efeitos adversos , Ureteroscopia/métodos , Urologistas/estatística & dados numéricos
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