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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(9): e19312, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32118757

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Thoracotomy is a common surgical procedure used in cases such as trauma and cancer resection. It is an invasive procedure in which incisions are made in the chest wall to gain access to the chest. Therefore, it often produces intense postoperative pain. Electroacupuncture has been known for its analgesic effects in various conditions, including cases of postoperative pain. This protocol design is for a systematic review and meta-analysis to gather evidence and investigate the analgesic effects of electroacupuncture in pain after thoracotomy. METHODS: The studies for the systematic review will be searched with keywords on the following 10 databases: PubMed, Cochrane Library (CENTRAL), EMBASE, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, CNKI, KoreaMed, KMBASE, KISS, and OASIS. The search will be done without language restrictions. Only the randomized controlled trials that meet the eligibility criteria will be finally included in the study. The quality of the study will be assessed using the Cochrane Collaborations' risk-of-bias tool, and Cochrane's software RevMan 5.3 will be used for meta-analysis. RESULTS: The designed study will provide a systematic review and meta-analysis of the searched and randomized controlled trials that meet the eligibility criteria. Meta-analysis will be performed with pain scores as the main outcome measure, and they may also be performed with additional outcomes. The qualitative and quantitative data synthesis is expected to provide high quality evidence to judge the pain management effect of electroacupuncture for patients who underwent thoracotomy. CONCLUSION: The conclusion of this systematic review and meta-analysis will provide evidence to judge whether electroacupuncture is an effective analgesic treatment option for patients suffering with post-thoracotomy pain. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42019142157.


Assuntos
Eletroacupuntura/normas , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Toracotomia/efeitos adversos , Protocolos Clínicos , Eletroacupuntura/métodos , Humanos , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Toracotomia/métodos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(11): e19040, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176031

RESUMO

Traditional high ligation and stripping (THLS) is a routine operation for varicose veins. However, THLS is accompanied with postoperative subcutaneous ecchymosis and pain. In this current study, we aimed to explore the effect of tumescence solution (TS) combined with negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) on the relief of subcutaneous ecchymosis and pain after THLS of great saphenous vein.A total of 180 patients receiving THLS were enrolled in group A, and 120 patients undergoing THLS and TS combined with NPWT were assigned into group B. The occurrences of subcutaneous ecchymosis and pain were recorded. Moreover, the total area of subcutaneous ecchymosis was estimated by the grid method. Visual analogue scale (VAS) score was used to assess the pain level of both groups.Preoperative characteristics were not significantly different between 2 groups. Postoperative ecchymosis occurred in 112 cases (62.2%) of group A and 41 cases (34.2%) of group B. The area of ecchymosis in group A (66.6 ±â€Š44.5) cm was larger than that in group B (25.2 ±â€Š19.9) cm. The number of patients without obvious pain in group A (57, 31.7%) was significantly less than that in group B (77, 64.2%) after operation. In addition, VAS score in group A (3.1 ±â€Š2.6) was higher than that in group B (2.2 ±â€Š1.9).In conclusion, the application of TS combined with NPWT in THLS can not only alleviate subcutaneous ecchymosis and pain, but also prevent the occurrence of subcutaneous ecchymosis and pain after operation. Therefore, it is conducive to postoperative recovery and is suitable for clinical application.


Assuntos
Equimose/terapia , Epinefrina/uso terapêutico , Tratamento de Ferimentos com Pressão Negativa/métodos , Ropivacaina/uso terapêutico , Veia Safena/cirurgia , Varizes/cirurgia , Adulto , Epinefrina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem
3.
Integr Cancer Ther ; 19: 1534735419893766, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009481

RESUMO

Purpose: To assess the feasibility, safety, and preliminary effectiveness of a 12-week multimodal Qigong Mind-Body Exercise (QMBE) program for breast cancer survivors with persistent post-surgical pain (PPSP). Methods: This was a single-arm mixed-methods pilot study. Primary outcome measures were feasibility (recruitment, adherence) and safety. Validated self-report questionnaires were used to evaluate a constellation of interdependent symptoms, including pain, fatigue, mood, exercise, interoceptive awareness, and health-related quality of life at baseline and 12 weeks. A subset of the instruments was administered 6 months postintervention. Shoulder range of motion and grip strength were objectively assessed at baseline and 12 weeks. Qualitative interviews were conducted at baseline and 12 weeks. Results: Twenty-one participants were enrolled; 18 and 17 participants, respectively, completed the 12-week and 6-month outcome assessment. No serious adverse events were reported. Statistically significant improvements were observed at 12 weeks in pain severity and interference, fatigue, anxiety, depression, perceived stress, self-esteem, pain catastrophizing, and several subdomains of quality of life, interoceptive awareness, and shoulder range of motion. Changes in pain, fatigue, pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression, and quality of life were clinically meaningful. Postintervention effects were sustained at 6 months. Conclusions: QMBE is a safe and gentle multimodal intervention that shows promise in conferring a broad range of psychosocial and physical benefits for breast cancer survivors with PPSP. Results support the value of future studies evaluating the impact of QMBE on multiple outcomes relevant to breast cancer survivors with PPSP.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/psicologia , Terapia por Exercício/métodos , Terapias Mente-Corpo/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Qigong , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Sobreviventes de Câncer , Exercício , Fadiga/terapia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor , Projetos Piloto , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19112, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049824

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of anorectal diseases has been increasing year by year, and the acupuncture treatment for postoperative pain of anorectal diseases has the excellent therapeutic effect. Currently, there are no relevant articles for systematic review. METHODS: We will search the randomized controlled trials related to acupuncture therapy and postoperative anorectal diseases from inception to January 2020. The following database is our focus area: PubMed, EMBASE, Springer, EBSCO, Web of Science, Cochrane, Controlled Trials Register (CENTRAL), the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wan-Fang Database and Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP database). The primary outcome is the pain of visual analogue scale (VAS). The secondary outcomes are the Symptom Checklist, Wong-Baker Faces Pain Rating (WB) Scale, verbalrating scale (VRS), and 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) scale. We will use Review Manager Software (RevMan) V.5.2 for data analysis and quantitative data synthesis. The Cochrane collaborative tool will be used to assess the risk of bias in the included studies. RESULTS: Given the available evidence, this study will provide high level results for acupuncture therapy in treating postoperative pain of anorectal diseases. CONCLUSION: The conclusions of this study will provide evidence for whether acupuncture is effective in treating postoperative pain of anorectal diseases. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020150015.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Humanos , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(7): e19136, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32049833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Virtual reality (VR)-based rehabilitation is a promising approach for improving recovery in many conditions to optimize functional results, enhancing the clinical and social benefits of surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of an early rehabilitation performed by the VR-based rehabilitation versus the traditional rehabilitation provided by physical therapists after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial, 85 subjects met the inclusion criteria and were randomized 3 to 4 days after TKA to an inpatient VR-based rehabilitation and a traditional rehabilitation. Participants in both groups received 60 minutes/day sessions until discharge (around 10 days after surgery). The primary outcome was the pain intensity. The secondary outcomes were: the disability knee, the health related quality of life, the global perceived effect, the functional independent measure, the drugs assumption, the isometric strength of quadriceps and hamstrings, the flexion range of motion, and the ability to perform proprioception exercises. Outcomes were assessed at baseline (3-4 days after TKA) and at discharge. RESULTS: VR-based or traditional rehabilitation, with 13% of dropout rate, shown no statistically significant pain reduction between groups (P = .2660) as well as in all other outcomes, whereas a statistically significant improvement was present in the global proprioception (P = .0020), in favor of the VR-based rehabilitation group. CONCLUSIONS: VR-based rehabilitation is not superior to traditional rehabilitation in terms of pain relief, drugs assumptions and other functional outcomes but seems to improve the global proprioception for patients received TKA. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapy, level 1b. CONSORT-compliant. TRIAL REGISTRATION: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov, ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02413996.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/reabilitação , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Terapia de Exposição à Realidade Virtual/métodos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
PLoS One ; 15(1): e0222370, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914126

RESUMO

A significant proportion of osteoarthritis (OA) patients continue to experience moderate to severe pain after total joint replacement (TJR). Preoperative factors related to pain persistence are mainly studied using individual predictor variables and distinct pain outcomes, thus leading to a lack of consensus regarding the influence of preoperative parameters on post-TJR pain. In this prospective observational study, we evaluated knee and hip OA patients before, 3 and 6 months post-TJR searching for clinical predictors of pain persistence. We assessed multiple measures of quality, mood, affect, health and quality of life, together with radiographic evaluation and performance-based tasks, modeling four distinct pain outcomes. Multivariate regression models and network analysis were applied to pain related biopsychosocial measures and their changes with surgery. A total of 106 patients completed the study. Pre-surgical pain levels were not related to post-surgical residual pain. Although distinct pain scales were associated with different aspects of post-surgical pain, multi-factorial models did not reliably predict post-surgical pain in knee OA (across four distinct pain scales) and did not generalize to hip OA. However, network analysis showed significant changes in biopsychosocial-defined OA personality post-surgery, in both groups. Our results show that although tested clinical and biopsychosocial variables reorganize after TJR in OA, their presurgical values are not predictive of post-surgery pain. Derivation of prognostic markers for pain persistence after TJR will require more comprehensive understanding of underlying mechanisms.


Assuntos
Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Idoso , Artroplastia de Substituição/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/fisiopatologia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/fisiopatologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/fisiopatologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
7.
Cir. pediátr ; 33(1): 11-15, ene. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-186131

RESUMO

Introducción: Publicaciones recientes reportaron el alta temprana y bajos requerimientos de opioides para el control del dolor postope-ratorio en la reparación mínimamente invasiva del pectus excavatumtras crioablación bilateral de nervios intercostales. Nuestro objetivo es describir nuestra experiencia inicial con esta técnica. Material y métodos: Análisis retrospectivo de historias clínicas de pacientes sometidos a crioanalgesia toracoscópica bilateral durante la reparación mínimamente invasiva del pectus excavatum en nuestra institución desde septiembre de 2018 a marzo de 2019. Técnica: Se aplicó una criosonda a -70°C bajo visión toracoscópica durante 2 minutos del 3º al 7º espacio intercostal, de manera bilateral. El dolor postoperatorio fue evaluado con una Escala Visual Analógica. Resultados: Se incluyeron 21 pacientes, de los cuales el 90% era de sexo masculino con una edad media de 15,2 ± 4,29 años y un peso de 53,6 ± 15,33 kg. El índice de Haller promedio fue de 5,1 ± 2,97 y el índice de corrección de 37,6 ± 13,77%. El número promedio de implantes fue de 2,55 ± 0,74. La duración media de la crioanalgesia fue de 39,9 ± 21,1 minutos. Ninguno recibió anestesia peridural. El tiempo de internación postquirúrgico fue de 1,64 ± 0,73. La necesidad de rescate con opiáceos fue menor a 1 dosis en el 71,3%. La puntuación de dolor en los días postoperatorios 1, 3, 7 y 21 fue, en promedio, de 2,55; 2,01; 0,5 y 0,06, respectivamente. Conclusiones: El empleo de la crioanalgesia toracoscópica bilateral permitió el alta hospitalaria temprana y buen control del dolor postoperatorio en todos los casos, convirtiéndose en el método analgésico de elección en nuestra práctica clínica


Objective: Recent publications report early discharge and low opioid requirements after minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair treated with bilateral intercostal nerve cryoablation. Our aim is to report our initial experience with this technique. Materials and methods: Retrospective analysis of medical records of patients undergoing bilateral thoracoscopic cryoanalgesia during minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair within our institution from September 2018 to March 2019. Technique: A cryoprobe was applied at -70 ºC for 2 minutes each from the 3rd to the 7th intercostal nerves bilaterally under thoracoscopic control. Postoperative pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale (VAS). Results: Twenty-one patients were included. Ninety percent were male, the mean age being 15.2 ± 4.29 years, and the mean weight being 53.6 ± 15.33 kg. The average Haller index was 5.1 ± 2.97, and the mean repair index was 37.6 ± 13.77%. The mean number of implants intro-duced was 2.55 ± 0.74. The mean duration of cryoanalgesia was 39.9 ± 21.1. No patients received epidural anesthesia. Mean postoperative stay was 1.64 ± 0.73 days. Seventy-one percent of the patients required 1 dose of opioids at the most for postoperative pain control. According to the VAS, the average pain score on postoperative days 1, 3, 7, and 21 was 2.55, 2.01, 0.5, and 0.06, respectively. Conclusions: Bilateral thoracoscopic cryoanalgesia during minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair leads to early discharge and good postoperative pain control in all cases. Cryoanalgesia has become our treatment of choice for pain control in the thoracoscopic repair of pectus excavatum


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Toracoscopia/métodos , Crioanestesia/métodos , Nervos Intercostais , Crioanestesia/instrumentação , Crioanestesia/tendências , Manejo da Dor , Cirurgia Torácica/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos
8.
J Trauma Acute Care Surg ; 88(2): 249-257, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804414

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The efficacy of surgical stabilization of rib fracture (SSRF) in patients without flail chest has not been studied specifically. We hypothesized that SSRF improves outcomes among patients with displaced rib fractures in the absence of flail chest. METHODS: Multicenter, prospective, controlled, clinical trial (12 centers) comparing SSRF within 72 hours to medical management. Inclusion criteria were three or more ipsilateral, severely displaced rib fractures without flail chest. The trial involved both randomized and observational arms at patient discretion. The primary outcome was the numeric pain score (NPS) at 2-week follow-up. Narcotic consumption, spirometry, pulmonary function tests, pleural space complications (tube thoracostomy or surgery for retained hemothorax or empyema >24 hours from admission) and both overall and respiratory disability-related quality of life (RD-QoL) were also compared. RESULTS: One hundred ten subjects were enrolled. There were no significant differences between subjects who selected randomization (n = 23) versus observation (n = 87); these groups were combined for all analyses. Of the 110 subjects, 51 (46.4%) underwent SSRF. There were no significant baseline differences between the operative and nonoperative groups. At 2-week follow-up, the NPS was significantly lower in the operative, as compared with the nonoperative group (2.9 vs. 4.5, p < 0.01), and RD-QoL was significantly improved (disability score, 21 vs. 25, p = 0.03). Narcotic consumption also trended toward being lower in the operative, as compared with the nonoperative group (0.5 vs. 1.2 narcotic equivalents, p = 0.05). During the index admission, pleural space complications were significantly lower in the operative, as compared with the nonoperative group (0% vs. 10.2%, p = 0.02). CONCLUSION: In this clinical trial, SSRF performed within 72 hours improved the primary outcome of NPS at 2-week follow-up among patients with three or more displaced fractures in the absence of flail chest. These data support the role of SSRF in patients without flail chest. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic, level II.


Assuntos
Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fraturas Múltiplas/cirurgia , Hemotórax/epidemiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Fraturas das Costelas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Fraturas Múltiplas/complicações , Fraturas Múltiplas/diagnóstico , Hemotórax/etiologia , Hemotórax/prevenção & controle , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos , Fraturas das Costelas/complicações , Fraturas das Costelas/diagnóstico , Índices de Gravidade do Trauma , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
10.
J Surg Res ; 246: 19-25, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31550671

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Some surgeons have adopted the use of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) or robotic surgery to perform resections for lung cancer. VATS is associated with less pain and a decrease in pulmonary complications compared with open thoracotomies. Long-acting liposomal bupivacaine (LB) intercostal nerve blocks are reported to provide superior pain relief compared with epidural catheters in the first 3 d after a thoracotomy. This study examined whether LB improves pain after VATS and if it provides effective analgesia after a thoracotomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 151 consecutive patients undergoing a VATS or thoracotomy who received paravertebral nerve blocks. VATS patients received paravertebral nerve blocks with LB (VATS-LB) or 0.25% bupivacaine with epinephrine (BE; VATS-BE). Thoracotomy patients received paravertebral nerve blocks via LB injections. Pain scores, narcotic utilization, complications, and hospital length of stay were examined. RESULTS: Fifty patients underwent a VATS-LB, 53 underwent a VATS-BE, and 32 underwent a thoracotomy. Thoracotomy and VATS-LB patients had pain scores lower than VATS-BE patients in the first 48 h after surgery (P < 0.004). Opioid use was not significantly different between the thoracotomy and VATS-LB patients throughout the first 2 wk postoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: LB paravertebral blocks significantly improve postoperative pain in comparison with 0.25% BE blocks in VATS patients. LB paravertebral blocks also provide effective analgesia in patients undergoing thoracotomies.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Toracotomia/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Bupivacaína/administração & dosagem , Epinefrina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/diagnóstico , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Nervos Espinhais/efeitos dos fármacos , Vértebras Torácicas/inervação , Resultado do Tratamento , Vasoconstritores/administração & dosagem
11.
Schmerz ; 34(1): 33-40, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31578650

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal perioperative pain management after total knee arthroplasty is necessary to promote mobilization and achieve early rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to determine whether local infiltration anesthesia (LIA) is the better postoperative pain therapy compared to a femoral nerve block (FNB) or a sciatic nerve block (SNB) using routine data. METHODS: Data from the acute pain registry "Qualitätsverbesserung in der postoperativen Schmerztherapie" (QUIPS) were analyzed. The endpoints included postoperative maximal pain, frequency of pain-related movement impairment, nausea, and number of patients requesting opioids postoperatively. The influence of regional anesthesia in addition to general anesthesia was analyzed in 5 groups. RESULTS: In total, the data of 8754 patients could be examined. It was found that the addition of LIA (ß = -0.087 p = 0.000) or FNB (ß = -0.137 p = 0.000) to general anesthesia is associated with a small but significant reduction of postoperative maximum pain. Between LIA, FNB, and SNB no relevant differences could be detected. DISCUSSION: The pain reduction achieved by adding LIA or FNB in patients after total knee arthroplasty is relatively small. Comparison of techniques is hindered as there exists no widely accepted standard for performing LIAs yet.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho , Bloqueio Nervoso , Dor Pós-Operatória , Anestesia Local , Anestésicos Locais , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Nervo Femoral , Humanos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(49): e17606, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31804303

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of patients with postoperative pain (PPP). METHODS: We will carry out a systematic review of the published literature and will comprehensively search Cochrane Library, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, and China National Knowledge Infrastructure from inception to the present with no language restrictions. Randomized controlled trials comparing acupuncture with other interventions or sham acupuncture will be included. Two reviewers will independently conduct study selection, data collection, and study quality. A third reviewer will resolve any discrepancies. We will apply RevMan 5.3 software for statistical analysis. RESULTS: The protocol of this study will systematically assess the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for patients with PPP. The primary outcome is postoperative pain intensity. The secondary outcomes comprise of: analgesic consumption, postoperative recovery parameters, vital signs, quality of life, and treatment related adverse events. CONCLUSION: This study will summarize the current evidence base for the effectiveness and safety of acupuncture for patients with PPP.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(52): e18448, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31876726

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to compare the quadratus lumborum block (QLB) method with transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) for postoperative pain management in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery. METHODS: Seventy-four patients scheduled for laparoscopic colorectal surgery were randomly assigned into 2 groups. After surgery, patients received bilateral ultrasound-guided single-dose of QLB or TAPB. Each side was administered with 20 ml of 0.375% ropivacaine. All patients received sufentanil as patient-controlled intravenous analgesia (PCIA). Resting and moving numeric rating scale (NRS) were assessed at 2, 4, 6, 24, 48 hours postoperatively. The primary outcome measure was sufentanil consumption at predetermined time intervals after surgery. RESULTS: Patients in the QLB group used significantly less sufentanil than TAPB group at 24 and 48 hours (P < .05), but not at 6 hours (P = .33) after laparoscopic colorectal surgery. No significant differences in NRS results were found between the two groups at rest or during movement (P > .05). Incidence of dizziness in the QLB group was lower than in TAPB group (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: The QLB is a more effective postoperative analgesia as it reduces sufentanil consumption compared to TAPB in patients undergoing laparoscopic colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Músculos Abdominais/inervação , Músculos Abdominais Oblíquos/inervação , Cirurgia Colorretal/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Anestésicos Locais/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Ropivacaina/administração & dosagem , Sufentanil/administração & dosagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção
15.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 2019(10)2019 10 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31684698

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peripheral regional anaesthesia techniques are well established for postoperative pain treatment following knee surgery. The adductor canal block (ACB) is a new technique, which can be applied as a single shot or by catheter for continuous regional analgesia. OBJECTIVES: To compare the analgesic efficacy and adverse events of ACB versus other regional analgesic techniques or systemic analgesic treatment for adults undergoing knee surgery. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase, five other databases, and one trial register on 19 September 2018; we checked references, searched citations, and contacted study authors to identify additional studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing single or continuous ACB versus other regional analgesic techniques or systemic analgesic treatment. Inclusion was independent of the technique used (landmarks, peripheral nerve stimulator, or ultrasound) and the level of training of providers. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used Cochrane's standard methodological procedures. Our primary outcomes were pain intensity at rest and during movement; rate of accidental falls; and rates of opioid-related adverse events. We used GRADE to assess the quality of evidence for primary outcomes. MAIN RESULTS: We included 25 RCTs (1688 participants) in this review (23 trials combined within meta-analyses). In 18 studies, participants underwent total knee arthroplasty (TKA), whereas seven trials investigated patients undergoing arthroscopic knee surgery. We identified 11 studies awaiting classification and 11 ongoing studies. We investigated the following comparisons. ACB versus sham treatment We included eight trials for this comparison. We found no significant differences in postoperative pain intensity at rest (2 hours: standardized mean difference (SMD) -0.56, 95% confidence interval (CI) -1.20 to 0.07, 4 trials, 208 participants, low-quality evidence; 24 hours: SMD -0.49, 95% CI -1.05 to 0.07, 6 trials, 272 participants, low-quality evidence) or during movement (2 hours: SMD -0.59, 95% CI -1.5 to 0.33; 3 trials, 160 participants, very low-quality evidence; 24 hours: SMD 0.03, 95% CI -0.26 to 0.32, 4 trials, 184 participants, low-quality evidence). Furthermore, they noted no evidence of a difference in postoperative nausea between groups (24 hours: risk ratio (RR) 1.91, 95% CI 0.48 to 7.58, 3 trials, 121 participants, low-quality evidence). One trial reported that no accidental falls occurred 24 hours postoperatively (low-quality evidence). ACB versus femoral nerve block We included 15 RCTs for this comparison. We found no evidence of a difference in postoperative pain intensity at rest (2 hours: SMD -0.74, 95% CI -1.76 to 0.28, 5 trials, 298 participants, low-quality evidence; 24 hours: SMD 0.04, 95% CI -0.09 to 0.18, 12 trials, 868 participants, high-quality evidence) or during movement (2 hours: SMD -0.47, 95% CI -1.86 to 0.93, 2 trials, 88 participants, very low-quality evidence; 24 hours: SMD 0.56, 95% CI -0.00 to 1.12, 9 trials, 576 participants, very low-quality evidence). They noted no evidence of a difference in postoperative nausea (24 hours: RR 1.22, 95% CI 0.42 to 3.54, 2 trials, 138 participants, low-quality evidence) and no evidence that the rate of accidental falls during postoperative care was significantly different between groups (24 hours: RR 0.20, 95% CI 0.04 to 1.15, 3 trials, 172 participants, low-quality evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: We are currently uncertain whether patients treated with ACB suffer from lower pain intensity at rest and during movement, fewer opioid-related adverse events, and fewer accidental falls during postoperative care compared to patients receiving sham treatment. The same holds true for the comparison of ACB versus femoral nerve block focusing on postoperative pain intensity. The overall evidence level was mostly low or very low, so further research might change the conclusion. The 11 studies awaiting classification and the 11 ongoing studies, once assessed, may alter the conclusions of this review.


Assuntos
Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Artroplastia do Joelho , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e17756, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770194

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) generates an uncomfortable postoperative period accompanied by pain, edema, and paresthesia. There are few studies on the effect of photobiomodulation (PBM) after SARME and it was not possible to find studies on the efficacy of light emitted by diode (LED) after this type of intervention. The main objective of the study will be to evaluate the efficacy of PBM with LED in the control of pain, facial edema, paresthesia, and bone repair after SARME. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 72 participants aged from 18 to 45 years, who search the Department of Buccomaxillofacial Surgery and Traumatology of Mandaqui Hospital Complex, will be conducted. Immediately after surgeries, the participant will be inserted into the placebo or LED group. In the LED group, the participants will receive PBM with an extraoral device (660 and 850 nm with 6 J per point) and an intraoral device (660 nm with 2 J per point) and in the control group the person in charge of the application will simulate the irradiation with the devices kept off. The applications will be in the immediate postoperative period, 1, 2, 7, 14, 30, 60, 90, and 120 days after the end of the surgeries, when the evaluations will also be performed. Facial measurements, extra and intraoral sensitivity, pain and bone repair will be evaluated. Secondarily, data regarding the occurrence of headache; otalgia; nausea; bruising; nasolacrimation; epistaxis; dysphagia; systemic and superficial temperature in the operated region; use of analgesics and anti-inflammatories; anxiety and impact of oral health on the participants' quality of life will be computed. DISCUSSION: Since PBM has shown positive effects on postoperative complications of other types of oral surgery and also has a positive effect on bone repair after maxillary disjunction, surgically assisted or not, it seems clear the need to evaluate its performance regarding pain, edema, and paresthesia after these surgeries. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This protocol was registered in Clinical Trials platform (https://clinicaltrials.gov/) with the number NCT03814525, first published and last updated on January 24, 2019.


Assuntos
Edema/terapia , Terapia com Luz de Baixa Intensidade/métodos , Doenças Maxilares/terapia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Técnica de Expansão Palatina/efeitos adversos , Parestesia/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Regeneração Óssea , Método Duplo-Cego , Edema/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Maxila/cirurgia , Doenças Maxilares/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Parestesia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(48): e17967, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31770205

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The analgesic efficacy of paravertebral block for percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains controversial. We conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to explore the analgesic efficacy of paravertebral block for patients with percutaneous nephrolithotomy. METHODS: We have searched PubMed, EMbase, Web of science, EBSCO, and Cochrane library databases, and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing analgesic efficacy of paravertebral block for percutaneous nephrolithotomy are included in this meta-analysis. RESULTS: Five RCTs are included in the meta-analysis. Overall, compared with control group after percutaneous nephrolithotomy, paravertebral block is associated with the decrease in analgesic consumption (standard mean difference (Std. MD) = -1.55; 95% confidence interval (CI) = -2.18 to -0.92; P < .00001) and additional analgesics (risk ratio (RR) = 0.17; 95% CI = 0.07 to 0.44; P = .0003), prolonged time to first analgesic requirement (Std. MD = 1.51; 95% CI = 0.26 to 2.76; P = .02). There is no statistical difference of adverse events including nausea or vomiting (RR = 0.51; 95% CI = 0.11 to 2.35; P = .38), or itching (RR = 0.69; 95% CI = 0.26 to 1.81; P = .45) between 2 groups. CONCLUSIONS: Paravertebral block is effective for pain control after percutaneous nephrolithotomy.


Assuntos
Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/estatística & dados numéricos , Manejo da Dor/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Hautarzt ; 70(11): 854-863, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31584113

RESUMO

The project "Pain-free Hospital" was the first attempt to improve the level of postoperative care by standardizing pain therapy standards (concepts) in the individual surgical disciplines. Dermatosurgery is no exception. In addition to drug therapy, it is also important to consider biopsychosocial aspects of the symptom pain, as this is the only way to prevent chronification of acute pain in the further course of a disease. Drug therapy should not only be adapted to the classic WHO system (only considering pain intensity), but should also address aspects of pain quality. In this article, we discuss these aspects in more detail and present our treatment concept for dermatosurgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Dor , Humanos , Medição da Dor
19.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 14(1): 179, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640750

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sufficient pain control and rapid mobilisation after VATS are important to enhance recovery and prevent complications. Thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) is the gold standard, but failure rates of 9-30% have been described. In addition, TEA reduces patient mobilisation and bladder function. Subpleural continuous analgesia (SCA) is a regional analgesic technique that is placed under direct thoracoscopic vision and is not associated with the mentioned disadvantages of TEA. The objective of this study was to assess surgical feasibility, pain control and patient satisfaction of SCA. METHODS: Observational pilot study in patients who underwent VATS pulmonary resection and received SCA (n = 23). Pain scores (numeric rating scale 0-10) and patient satisfaction (5-point Likert scale) were collected on postoperative day (POD) 0-3. Secondary outcomes were the period of urinary catheter use and period to full mobilisation. RESULTS: Placement of the subpleural catheter took an average of 11 min (SD 5) and was successful in all patients. Pain scores on POD 0-3 were 1.2 (SD 1.2), 2.0 (SD 1.9), 1.7 (SD 1.5) and 1.2 (SD 1.1) respectively. On POD 0-3 at least 79% of patients were satisfied or very satisfied on pain relief and mobilisation. The duration of subpleural continuous analgesia was 4 days (IQR 3-5, range 2-11). Urinary catheters were used zero days (IQR 0-1, range 0-6) and full mobilisation was achieved on POD 2 (IQR 1-2, range 1-6). CONCLUSION: Subpleural continuous analgesia in VATS pulmonary resection is feasible and provides adequate pain control and good patient satisfaction. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This pilot study was not registered in a trial register.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Satisfação do Paciente , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Idoso , Analgésicos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Projetos Piloto , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 39(9): 1122-1126, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640954

RESUMO

Previous studies have shown that postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is related to multiple factors including age, postoperative trauma, inflammation, postoperative pain, and anesthesia, among which postoperative pain is thought to play an important role in the development of POCD. This review summarizes the recent findings in the study of the role of postoperative pain in the pathogenesis of POCD in light of nerve injuries, neural remodeling and stress, and the progress in the prevention and treatment of POCD in elderly patients. It is of vital important to assess the postoperative pain and formulate adequate analgesic regimens for effective prevention and management of POCD to protect the brain functions of elderly patients.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/complicações , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Humanos , Inflamação , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia
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