Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 11.020
Filtrar
1.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(9): 1081-1086, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31474135

RESUMO

AIMS: The practice of alternating operating theatres has long been used to reduce surgeon idle time between cases. However, concerns have been raised as to the safety of this practice. We assessed the payments and outcomes of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed during overlapping and nonoverlapping days, also comparing the total number of the surgeon's cases and the total time spent in the operating theatre per day. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) Limited Data Set (LDS) on all primary elective TKAs performed at the New England Baptist Hospital between January 2013 and June 2016. Using theatre records, episodes were categorized into days where a surgeon performed overlapping and nonoverlapping lists. Clinical outcomes, economic outcomes, and demographic factors were calculated. A regression model controlling for the patient-specific factors was used to compare groups. Total orthopaedic cases and aggregate time spent operating (time between skin incision and closure) were also compared. RESULTS: A total of 3633 TKAs were performed (1782 on nonoverlapping days; 1851 on overlapping days). There were no differences between the two groups for length of inpatient stay, payments, mortality, emergency room visits, or readmission during the 90-day postoperative period. The overlapping group had 0.74 fewer skilled nursing days (95% confidence interval (CI) -0.26 to -1.22; p < 0.01), and 0.66 more home health visits (95% CI 0.14 to 1.18; p = 0.01) than the nonoverlapping group. On overlapping days, surgeons performed more cases per day (5.01 vs 3.76; p < 0.001) and spent more time operating (484.55 minutes vs 357.17 minutes; p < 0.001) than on nonoverlapping days. CONCLUSION: The study shows that the practice of alternating operating theatres for TKA has no adverse effect on the clinical outcome or economic utilization variables measured. Furthermore, there is opportunity to increase productivity with alternating theatres as surgeons with overlapping cases perform more cases and spend more time operating per day. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1081-1086.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Duração da Cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia do Joelho/economia , Boston/epidemiologia , Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (U.S.)/estatística & dados numéricos , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Eficiência Organizacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Medicare/estatística & dados numéricos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(9): 5209-5218, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31519635

RESUMO

AIM: The aim of this retrospective study was to investigate the impact of anastomotic leakage on survival rate and to define potential factors of risk and protection from bowel anastomotic leakage in patients with bowel segment resection treated for epithelial ovarian cancer in an accredited high-volume center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of 136 patients treated with bowel resection between 2010 and 2017 were collected. All operations were performed by three accredited gynecological oncologists and by two specialized colorectal surgeons. Survival and anastomotic leakage rates were analyzed as per preoperative treatment, number and localization of anastomoses, grading of ovarian cancer, and protective loop ileostomy. RESULTS: In total, anastomotic leakage was observed in 23 out of 165 anastomoses (13.9%), representing 23 anastomotic leakages in 136 patients (16.9%). The 30-day mortality rate was 0.73%. There was no statistically significant difference in anastomotic leakage rate depending on localization and number of anastomoses (p=0.634). Patients with a protective loop ileostomy (n=22/136 patients) had no anastomotic leakage (0.0%, p=0.021). The anastomotic leakage rate was significantly different in patients without protective loop ileostomy depending on bevacizumab administration [no bevacizumab: 15/111 (13.5%) vs. bevacizumab administration: 4/8 (50.0%), p=0.007]. Tumor-positive resection margins in bowel segments were an independent prognostic factor (relative risk=6.3; 95% confidence intervaI=3.1-12.9). CONCLUSION: In this data set, protective loop ileostomy likely reduced the anastomotic leakage rate after bowel resection in selected cases of ovarian cancer treated with debulking surgery. Especially in patients treated with bevacizumab, protective loop ileostomy should be considered. There was no significant impact of leakage rate on overall survival.


Assuntos
Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/complicações , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/diagnóstico , Fístula Anastomótica/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos de Citorredução/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/mortalidade , Prognóstico , Retratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(4): 492-500, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484611

RESUMO

To compare the accuracy of SHA.LIN,S.T.O.N.E.nephrolithometry scoring system,and Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society(CROES)nephrolithometry nomogram in predicting percutaneous nephrolithotomy(PCNL)outcomes including stone free rate(SFR)and perioperative status. Methods The clinical data of 90 patients with nephrolithiasis undergoing PCNL in department of urology,China-Japan Friendship Hospital from January 2015 to March 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.The general data,stone characteristics,operation approaches,and perioperative variables were recorded.SHA.LIN,S.T.O.N.E.score,and CROES nomogram were assigned according to the computed tomography(CT)findings before surgery.Stone free status was evaluated by kidney-ureter-bladder one month after PCNL.The relationships of SHA.LIN score,S.T.O.N.E.score,and CROES score with SFR,postoperative complications,operation time(OT),length of hospital stay(LOS),estimated blood loss(EBL),and decrease of hemoglobin was evaluated.Receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves were used to analyze the predictive accuracy. Results The SFR was 72.2%(65/90)and postoperative complications occurred in 33 cases(36.7%).The mean OT was(103.1±39.6)min,the mean EBL was(46.1±53.0)ml,the mean LOS was(15.3±5.2)d,the mean postoperative LOS was(8.5±3.4)d,and the mean decrease of hemoglobin was(16.1±10.2)g/L.Stone-free patients had significantly lower SHA.LIN score(8.23 vs. 10.36,P=0.000)and S.T.O.N.E.score(7.05 vs.8.16,P=0.000)and significantly higher CROES score(188.50 vs. 143.89,P=0.000)compared to patients with residual fragments.All these scores were not significantly associated with complications(P>0.05).On the other hand,all these scores were significantly correlated with OT,EBL,and decrease of hemoglobin(SHA.LIN:POT=0.006,PEBL=0.028,Pdecrease of hemoglobin=0.014;S.T.O.N.E.:POT=0.012,PEBL=0.047,Pdecrease of hemoglobin=0.011;and CROES:POT=0.040,PEBL=0.045,Pdecrease of hemoglobin=0.013).SHA.LIN(P=0.001)and S.T.O.N.E.(P=0.005)scores were associated with LOS.Logistic regression analysis revealed that SHA.LIN(OR=2.491),S.T.O.N.E.(OR=3.030),and CROES(OR=0.973)scores were significantly associated with stone-free status.ROC curves in predicting SFR showed that there was significant difference in the areas under the curves(AUC)for the SHA.LIN vs. S.T.O.N.E.score [0.808(95% CI=0.711-0.905)vs. 0.748(95% CI=0.632-0.864),P=0.047].AUC for the CROES score [0.770(95% CI=0.664-0.877)] showed no significantly different for the SHA.LIN score or the S.T.O.N.E.score(P>0.05). Conclusions All these three scoring systems have good predictive accuracy for SFR.SHA.LIN is more precise than S.T.O.N.E.in predicting SFR.However,they can not predict postoperative complications.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea , Nomogramas , China , Hemoglobinas/análise , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Magy Seb ; 72(3): 98-102, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544482

RESUMO

Introduction: Authors present their 7-year experience since the introduction of minimal-invasive (VATS) lobectomies for lung cancer in regard to their surgical technique, results and oncological follow-up. Method: 173 VATS lobectomies were performed between June 2011 and December 2017, 105 men and 68 women. The mean age of patients was 64.1 years. Duration of surgery was 130 minutes on average. Results: Conversion to thoracotomy was required in 8 cases (3 bleedings, 3 pulmonary vessel lymph node infiltrations, 2 bronchial suture insufficiencies). Twenty persistent air leaks developed postoperatively, requiring 10 re-drainages and 10 re-operations: 7 re-VATS and 3 thoracotomies. Two hematomas were evacuated by re-VATS, 1 postoperative atrial fibrillation required cardioversion. There were no perioperative deaths. The 164 malignant cases were: 110 adenocarcinomas, 32 squamous cell carcinomas, 6 small cell neuroendocrine carcinomas, 4 undifferentiated carcinomas, 4 carcinoid tumours, 1 synchronous adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma, 1 synchronous adenocarcinoma and small cell carcinoma, 1 carcinosarcoma and 5 metastasis from other primary tumours. 118 patients received adjuvant chemotherapy. Tumour staging distribution was: IA 40, IB 53, IIA 29, IIB 16 and IIIA 21 cases. During an average follow-up time of 19.5 months, 9 local tumour recurrence and 27 distant metastasis evaluated, of which 11 were pulmonary (3 multiplex), 10 bone, 6 cerebral, 3 hepatic (1 multiplex), and 3 suprarenal gland. Conclusion: Our results correlate with published literature. During the period of this review, VATS lobectomies became a routine surgical technique in our department. Our experience proved that axillary thoracotomy is an advantage to learn the anterior VATS lobectomy technique.


Assuntos
Tumor Carcinoide/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pulmão/cirurgia , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/estatística & dados numéricos , Toracotomia/métodos , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/cirurgia , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente , Tumor Carcinoide/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Duração da Cirurgia , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16730, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive pancreatoduodenectomy (MIPD) is being increasingly performed as an alternative to open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD) in selected patients. Our study aimed to present a meta-analysis of the high-quality studies conducted that compared MIPD to OPD performed for pancreatic head and periampullary diseases. METHODS: A systematic review of the available literature was performed to identify those studies conducted that compared MIPD to OPD. Here, all randomized controlled trials identified were included, while the selection of high-quality, nonrandomized comparative studies were based on a validated tool (i.e., Methodological Index for Nonrandomized Studies). Intraoperative outcomes, postoperative recovery, oncologic clearance, and postoperative complications were also evaluated. RESULTS: Sixteen studies matched the selection criteria, including a total of 3168 patients (32.1% MIPD, 67.9% OPD). The pooled data showed that MIPD was associated with a longer operative time (weighted mean difference [WMD] = 80.89 minutes, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 39.74-122.05, P < .01), less blood loss (WMD = -227.62 mL, 95% CI: -305.48 to -149.75, P < .01), shorter hospital stay (WMD = -4.68 days, 95% CI: -5.52 to -3.84, P < .01), and an increase in retrieved lymph nodes (WMD = 1.85, 95% CI: 1.33-2.37, P < .01). Furthermore, the overall morbidity was significantly lower in the MIPD group (OR = 0.67, 95% CI: 0.54-0.82, P < .01), as were total postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) (OR = 0.79, 95% CI: 0.63-0.99, P = .04), delayed gastric emptying (DGE) (OR = 0.71, 95% CI: 0.52-0.96, P = .02), and wound infection (OR = 0.56, 95% CI: 0.39-0.79, P < .01). However, there were no statistically significant differences observed in major complications, clinically significant POPFs, reoperation rate, and mortality. CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that MIPD is a safe alternative to OPD, as it is associated with less blood loss and better postoperative recovery in terms of the overall postoperative complications as well as POPF, DGE, and wound infection. Methodologic high-quality comparative studies are required for further evaluation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16736, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393384

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Laparoscopic right donor hepatectomy has been reported sporadically in several experienced centers for selected donors. This report introduced a case of a donor with an independent right posterior segmental portal branching from the main portal vein. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 47-year-old woman volunteered to donate her right liver to her 48-year-old husband. DIAGNOSES: The recipient has been diagnosed as hepatocellular carcinoma meeting the Milan criteria and hepatitis B virus related cirrhosis. INTERVENTIONS: The parenchymal transection was performed by ultrasonic aspirator and Hem-o-Lok clips. The right hepatic artery, right hepatic duct, and the anterior and posterior branches of right portal vein were meticulously dissected, clamped, and transected. The right hepatic vein was transected by vascular stapler. A Y-graft of the recipient's own portal confluence was reconstructed with the donor's separate right anterior and posterior portal veins. OUTCOMES: The donor's operation time was 420 minutes and the warm ischemia time was about 9 minutes. Blood loss was less than 600 ml without transfusion. The donor was discharged at the 10th postoperative day without any complications. LESSONS: Laparoscopic right hepatectomy for donors with anomalous portal vein branching and subsequent inflow reconstruction for adult living donor liver transplantation is safe and feasible in highly experienced center.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Doadores Vivos , Veia Porta/anatomia & histologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/etiologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Feminino , Hepatite B/complicações , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/etiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Isquemia Quente
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16739, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393386

RESUMO

Surgical site infection (SSI) is a well-known complication in older adults. However, there have been no studies on SSI after gastrectomy in older adults. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the incidence, risk factors, and outcomes of SSIs after gastrectomy in older adults.We performed a retrospective cohort study of older adults, aged 65 years or older, who underwent gastrectomy between January 2015 and December 2015 at the Severance Hospital in Seoul, Korea. The incidence and outcomes of SSIs after gastrectomy were evaluated, and the risk factors for SSI were identified using multivariate analyses.We identified 353 older adults who underwent gastrectomy. Of these, 25 patients (7.1%) developed an SSI. Multivariate analysis indicated that open surgery (odds ratio, 2.71; 95% confidence interval, 1.13-6.51; P = .03) and a longer operation time (odds ratio, 1.01; 95% confidence interval, 1.00-1.01; P = .04) were independent risk factors for SSI after gastrectomy. In the SSI group, the incidence of postoperative fever (84.0% vs 51.8%; P < .001), length of postoperative hospital stay (13 days vs 6 days; P < .001), and re-admission rates within 30 days postoperatively (32.0% vs 3.4%; P < .001) were significantly higher than those in the non-SSI group.The risk factors for SSI in older adults after gastrectomy were open surgery and a longer operation time. When an SSI occurred, the postoperative hospital stay was prolonged and the chances of having a postoperative fever and being re-admitted within 30 days increased.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Idoso , Comorbidade , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Humanos , Incidência , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(32): e16777, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31393401

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the clinical results of transanal endorectal pull-through (TERPT) and transabdominal approach (TAB) in the treatment of Hirschsprung disease. METHODS: We searched all publications in the PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library databases between January 2003 and November 2018. The study included randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and observational clinical studies (OCSs), to compare the surgery duration, length of postoperative hospital stay, incidence of postoperative incontinence/soiling, constipation, and enterocolitis between the TERPT and TAB groups. Mantel-Haenszel method was used for continuous variables, the combined odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for dichotomous variables were used. RESULTS: In the 87 studies, we include 1 case of RCTs and 9 cases of OCSs. Including 392 cases of TERPT and 332 cases of TAB groups. TERPT has a short postoperative hospitalization [mean difference (MD) = -6.74 day; 95% CIs; -13.26 to -0.23; P = .04], and a low incidence of postoperative incontinence (ORs = 0.54; 95% CIs, 0.35-0.83; P = .006) and constipation (ORs = 0.50; 95% CIs, 0.28-0.90; P = .02). There was no difference in duration of surgery (MD = -30.59 min; 95% CIs, -98.01-36.83; P = .37) and incidence of postoperative enterocolitis (ORs = 0.78; 95% CIs, 0.53-1.17; P = .23). CONCLUSION: TERPT is superior to TAB in terms of hospitalization time, postoperative incontinence, and constipation. However, there are still a large number of RCTs to verify, and more trials are expected to be testified in the future.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Doença de Hirschsprung/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Pré-Escolar , Constipação Intestinal/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Enterocolite/epidemiologia , Incontinência Fecal/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(35): e16968, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464939

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Robotic arm-assisted unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has been recommended for treatment of unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis. However, its effectiveness and safeness remain controversial compared with conventional UKA. Therefore, the goal of this study was to perform a meta-analysis to re-evaluate the effects of robotic arm-assisted UKA on clinical functional outcomes. METHODS: PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to screen the relevant studies. Continuous data (surgical time, knee excursion during weight acceptance, American knee society score [AKSS], Oxford knee score [OKS], forgotten joint score [FJS], visual analog scale [VAS], and range of motion [ROM]) were pooled using a standardized mean difference (SMD) with their corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) to estimate the effect size, while dichotomous data (complication rate, revision rate) were pooled to obtain the relative risk (RR) with a 95% CI by STATA 13.0 software. RESULTS: Eleven studies involving 498 patients undergoing robotic-assisted UKA and 589 patients receiving conventional UKA were included. Our pooled results demonstrated that robotic-assisted could significantly reduce the complication rate (RR: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.45-0.85; P = .0041) and improve the knee excursion during weight acceptance (SMD: 0.62, 95% CI: 0.25-1.00; P = .001), but prolonged the surgical time (SMD: 0.74, 95% CI: 0.40-1.08; P < .001). No significant difference in the revision rate, AKSS, OKS, FJS, VAS, and ROM between robotic-assisted and conventional UKA groups. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis demonstrates robotic-assisted UKA may be an effective and safe surgical procedure for treatment of unicompartmental knee osteoarthritis.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16663, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441841

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of present study is to investigate the relationship between the antecolic (AC) route of gastrojejunostomy (GJ) after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) or duodenojejunostomy (DJ) reconstruction after pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PPPD), and the incidence of delayed gastric emptying (DGE). METHODS: An electronic search of 4 databases to identify all articles comparing AC and retrocolic (RC) reconstruction after PD or PPPD was performed. RESULTS: Fifteen studies involving 2270 patients were included for final pooled analysis. The overall incidence of DGE was 27.2%. Meta-analysis results showed AC group had lower incidence of DGE (odds ratio, 0.29; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.16-0.52, P < .0001) and shorter hospital length of stay (weight mean difference, -3.29; 95% CI, -5.2 to -1.39, P = .0007). Days until to liquid and solid diet in the AC group were also significantly earlier than that in the RC group (P = .0006 and P < .0001). There was no difference in operative time, incidence of pancreatic fistula and bile leakage, and mortality, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: AC route of GJ after PD or DJ after PPPD is associated with a lower incidence of DGE. However, the preferred route for GJ or DJ reconstruction remains to be investigated in well-powered, randomized, controlled trial.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica/métodos , Esvaziamento Gástrico , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Intubação Gastrointestinal , Duração da Cirurgia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(34): e16862, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31441860

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate the effect of auxiliary Kirschner wire (K-wire) technique in the closed reduction of children with Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures by comparing with manual reduction alone.Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 68 cases of supracondylar humerus fractures. Thirty-six patients received closed reduction and percutaneous fixation with auxiliary K-wire technique (group A). Thirty-two patients received conventional manual reduction and percutaneous pin fixation (Group B).In group A, the average operation time was 20.5 ±â€Š8.5 minutes, the average frequency of intraoperative radiographic observations was 4.3 ±â€Š1.1, the average fracture healing time was 6.2 ±â€Š1.8 weeks, and the complication rate was 3/36, 8.3%. The mean operation time was 36.1 ±â€Š10.2 minutes, the average frequency of intraoperative radiography was 8.9 + 1.7 times, the average fracture healing time was (6.1 ±â€Š1.6) weeks, and the complication rate was 2/32, 6.3%. The operation time in group A was significantly shorter than that in group B. The difference between the 2 groups was statistically significant (P = .012). The frequency of radiography in group A was significantly less than that in group B (P = .001).Compared with manual reduction, auxiliary K-wire technology can significantly shorten the operation time, reduce the radiant quantity of the surgeon, improve the efficiency of closed reduction of children with Gartland type III supracondylar humerus fractures, and reduce the risk of developing postoperative complications. And meanwhile, there is no significant effect on the imaging and functional outcomes of affected extremities, which is worthy of respect.


Assuntos
Fios Ortopédicos , Fixação Interna de Fraturas/métodos , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/classificação , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Radiografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(9): 864-869, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433584

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of laparoendoscopic single site (LESS) surgery using an angiocatheter needle in patients with huge ovarian cysts (diameter ≥15 cm). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-one patients with huge ovarian cysts underwent LESS surgery using an angiocatheter needle between March 2011 and August 2016. An intra-umbilical vertical incision (1.5-2.0 cm) was made in the midline. After the cyst wall was punctured using an angiocatheter needle, the fluid contents were aspirated with a connected vacuum aspirator. After placing a Glove port in the umbilical incision, LESS surgery was performed using a rigid 0-degree, 5-mm laparoscope and conventional, rigid, straight laparoscopic instruments. Knife-in-bag morcellation was instituted for specimen collection. RESULTS: The median maximal diameter of ovarian cysts was 18 cm (range, 15-30 cm), the median operation time was 150 minutes (range, 80-520 minutes), and the median volume of blood loss was 100 mL (range, 20-800 mL). Three patients (9.7%) were diagnosed with malignant ovarian cancer using intraoperative frozen examination, and 1 patient was converted to laparotomy due to advanced disease. Thirty patients underwent LESS, and there was no need for an additional laparoscopic port. CONCLUSION: LESS surgery using an angiocatheter needle, with leaving only a small postoperative scar, was deemed feasible for the management of huge ovarian cysts.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparotomia/métodos , Cistos Ovarianos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agulhas , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
13.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(4): 658-670, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31397987

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To critically review all literature concerning the cost-effectiveness of flexible ureteroscopy comparing single-use with reusable scopes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic online literature review was performed in PubMed, Embase and Google Scholar databases. All factors potentially affecting surgical costs or clinical outcomes were considered. Prospective assessments, case control and case series studies were included. RESULTS: 741 studies were found. Of those, 18 were duplicated and 77 were not related to urology procedures. Of the remaining 646 studies, 59 were considered of relevance and selected for further analysis. Stone free and complication rates were similar between single-use and reusable scopes. Operative time was in average 20% shorter with digital scopes, single-use or not. Reusable digital scopes seem to last longer than optic ones, though scope longevity is very variable worldwide. New scopes usually last four times more than refurbished ones and single-use ureterorenoscopes have good resilience throughout long cases. Longer scope longevity is achieved with Cidex and if a dedicated nurse takes care of the sterilization process. The main surgical factors that negatively impact device longevity are lower pole pathologies, large stone burden and non-use of a ureteral access sheath. We have built a comprehensive fi nancial costeffective decision model to fl exible ureteroscope acquisition. CONCLUSIONS: The cost-effectiveness of a fl exible ureteroscopy program is dependent of several aspects. We have developed a equation to allow a literature-based and adaptable decision model to every interested stakeholder. Disposable devices are already a reality and will progressively become the standard as manufacturing price falls.


Assuntos
Reutilização de Equipamento/economia , Ureteroscópios/economia , Ureteroscopia/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Desenho de Equipamento , Reutilização de Equipamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Ureteroscópios/normas , Ureteroscópios/estatística & dados numéricos , Ureteroscopia/instrumentação , Ureteroscopia/estatística & dados numéricos
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16776, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415380

RESUMO

This study examined the safety and usefulness of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) for malignant abdominal tumors in pediatric patients and analyzed the factors affecting the resection margin, operative time, and hospital stay of neuroblastoma (NBL) patients.We retrospectively reviewed data of pediatric patients who underwent MIS for malignant abdominal tumors from January 2011 to June 2017 at the Seoul National University Children's Hospital. Sex; age at operation; diagnosis; tumor location; operation-related data, such as operation time and transfusion; and follow-up data were reviewed. We divided patients into an excision group and a biopsy group. Detailed pathologic data were reviewed to analyze factors affecting the resection margin of NBL. Median value and range were calculated for all continuous variables. Mann-Whitney test and χ test were used as appropriate. P values of <.05 were considered significant.Thirty-four pediatric patients were included; 21 were boys. The median age was 4 (0.2-18) years. The most common diagnosis was NBL (17 patients; 50.0%). Three patients each were diagnosed with lymphoma, solid pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas, and teratoma. The median tumor size was 3.4 (0.5-10.2) cm. The median operation time was 108 (55-290) minutes, and the median hospital stay was 5 (2-11) days. The number of conversions to open surgery was 4. There were no postoperative complications or mortality. There were 18 patients in the excision group and 16 in the biopsy group. Diagnosis and the number of patients receiving preoperative chemotherapy differed between the 2 groups. R0 resection of NBL was significantly higher in patients with stage 1 disease and those aged >2 years. There were no clinical factors influencing operative time or hospital stay.MIS was feasible and safe in pediatric patients with malignant abdominal tumors. R0 resection of NBL was related to age and stage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Abdominais/cirurgia , Neuroblastoma/cirurgia , Adolescente , Fatores Etários , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , República da Coreia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e15857, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261493

RESUMO

Drainage of the thorax postoperatively using chest tubes is a standard procedure in thoracic surgery. However, chest tubes can induce pain and immobilization, increase risk of infection, deteriorate the ventilation capacity, and increase difficulty of postoperative management, particularly in children. This study aimed to investigate the safety and effect of excluding chest tubes after performing thoracoscopic lobectomy in selected children.A retrospective review of medical records was performed in West China Hospital of Sichuan University from January 2014 to June 2018. Patients who underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy without chest tubes were recorded. Patients with accompanying severe pulmonary infection, extensive thoracic adhesions, or undeveloped interlobar fissure were excluded.In total, 246 patients underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy without a chest tube, and none required chest drain insertion or reintervention during hospitalization and follow-up at 90 days postoperatively. Among them, 2 (0.81%) patients developed a delayed pneumothorax which was found after being discharged, and resolved spontaneously in 2 weeks. No hemothorax, atelectasis, and bronchial fistula were found. Furthermore, 202 (82.1%) patients developed subcutaneous emphysema, which was asymptomatic and spontaneously resolved within 3 to 7 days. The length of postoperative hospital stay was 2 days; patients were discharged in the 3rd day postoperatively. Patients could recover to free mobilization and resume regular diet at 6 hours postoperatively. All patients were followed up for at least 3 months; no other complications were found, and all patients recovered well.This study showed that chest tube placement in selected patients may be unnecessary in children undergoing thoracoscopic lobectomy. The minimally invasive procedure and meticulous resection have been the preconditions of this procedure, which may contribute to a rapid recovery and can avoid the chest tube-related complications effectively.


Assuntos
Tubos Torácicos , Pneumonectomia , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Drenagem/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Segurança do Paciente , Pneumonectomia/instrumentação , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/instrumentação , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16198, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261563

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to report the experience and long-term efficacy of a novel surgical treatment for pelvic lipomatosis (PL) using a combination of pelvic fat mass extirpation and ureteral reimplantation.Data of 8 patients with PL who underwent pelvic fat mass extirpation and ureteral reimplantation at our hospital from September 2010 to March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Demographics, serum creatinine level, radiographic changes, perioperative complications, and patient-reported outcomes were evaluated.Surgeries were performed successfully without severe perioperative complications in all 8 patients. Median operating time was 150 minutes with a median estimated blood loss of 75 mL. Patients were discharged after a median of 8.5 postoperative days. Imaging studies at the first follow-up revealed varying extents of alleviation of hydronephrosis and 3 patients' urinary symptoms were gradually relieved after surgery. During a median follow-up of 48.5 months (range, 10-100 months), all patients exhibited excellent surgical outcomes without evidence of disease progression, except 1 patient who underwent radical cystectomy with Bricker ileal conduit surgery due to hydronephrosis recurrence in the 49th postoperative month.Based on these cases, pelvic fat mass extirpation and ureteral reimplantation is a safe and effective surgical treatment for PL.


Assuntos
Lipomatose/cirurgia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Tecido Adiposo/cirurgia , Adulto , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Seguimentos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Lipomatose/sangue , Lipomatose/diagnóstico por imagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ureter/cirurgia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/sangue , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16304, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277168

RESUMO

To determine the potential value and suitability of Bishop-Koop procedure (BK) compared to divided stoma (DS) in neonates with meconium ileus (MI), congenital intestinal atresia (CIA), and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC).A retrospective data collection from 2000 to 2019 on neonates undergoing BK and DS formation and closure for MI, CIA, and NEC was conducted. Ostomy related complications following both procedures were analyzed.One hundred two consecutive patients managed with a BK (n = 57, 55.8%) and DS (n = 45, 44.2%) for MI (n = 38, 37.2%), CIA (n = 31, 30.5%), and NEC (n = 33, 32.3%) were analyzed. Mean operating time for ostomy creation did not differ significantly between BK and DS groups (156 ±â€Š54 vs 135 ±â€Š66.8 min, P = .08). The prevalence of stoma-related complications following BK and DS formation was 8.7% and 31.1%, respectively (P = .005). The complication rate after BK and DS closure was 3.5% and 6.7%, respectively (P = .65). The operating time for ostomy reversal and length of hospital stay after stoma closure were significantly shorter in BK group (82.2 ±â€Š51.4 vs 183 ±â€Š84.5 min and 5.5 ±â€Š2.7 vs 11.3 ±â€Š3.9 days, P < .001).BK procedure is safe, reliable, and suitable technique in neonatal surgery with low complications rate following ostomy creation as well as shorter operating time and length of hospital stay after ostomy closure compared to DS ostomies. Surgeons should keep this technique as an alternative approach in their repertoire.


Assuntos
Enterocolite Necrosante/cirurgia , Enterostomia/efeitos adversos , Atresia Intestinal/cirurgia , Íleo Meconial/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estomas Cirúrgicos/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(7_Supple_C): 77-83, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256640

RESUMO

AIMS: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and multiligament knee (MLK) injuries increase the risk of development of knee osteoarthritis and eventual need for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). There are limited data regarding implant use and outcomes in these patients. The aim of this study was to compare the use of constrained implants and outcomes among patients undergoing TKA with a history of prior knee ligament reconstruction (PKLR) versus a matched cohort of patients undergoing TKA with no history of PKLR. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with a history of ACL or MLK reconstruction who underwent TKA between 2007 and 2017 were identified in a single-institution registry. There were 223 patients who met inclusion criteria (188 ACL reconstruction patients, 35 MLK reconstruction patients). A matched cohort, also of 223 patients, was identified based on patient age, body mass index (BMI), sex, and year of surgery. There were 144 male patients and 79 female patients in both cohorts. Mean age at the time of TKA was 57.2 years (31 to 88). Mean BMI was 29.7 kg/m2 (19.5 to 55.7). RESULTS: There was a significantly higher use of constrained implants among patients with PKLR (76 of 223, 34.1%) compared with the control group (40 of 223, 17.9%; p < 0.001). Subgroup analysis showed a higher use of constrained implants among patients with prior MLK reconstruction (21 of 35, 60.0%) compared with ACL reconstruction (55 of 188, 29.3%; p < 0.001). Removal of hardware was performed in 69.5% of patients with PKLR. Mean operative time (p < 0.001) and tourniquet time (p < 0.001) were longer in patients with PKLR compared with controls. There were no significant differences in rates of deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, infection, transfusion, postoperative knee range of movement (ROM), or need for revision surgery. There was no significant difference in preoperative or postoperative Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score for Joint Replacement (KOOS, JR) scores between groups. CONCLUSION: Results of this study suggest a history of PKLR results in increased use of constrained implants but no difference in postoperative knee ROM, patient-reported outcomes, or incidence of revision surgery. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B(7 Supple C):77-83.


Assuntos
Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Artroplastia do Joelho/estatística & dados numéricos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/etiologia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Lesões do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/complicações , Reconstrução do Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/métodos , Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Articulação do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Osteoartrite do Joelho/diagnóstico , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Qualidade de Vida , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(29): e16377, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335687

RESUMO

RATIONALE: Small intestine stromal tumors (SISTs) are a type of gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) that has an insidious onset. Natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery has been gradually developed for the treatment of colorectal, stomach, small intestine, hepatobiliary, and gynecological tumors because of its safety and feasibility. This case study explored the possibility of applying the NOSE method for the treatment of SIST. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old male patient was admitted to the hospital after having an irregular abdominal mass for >1 month that was detected by a medical examination. Thoracic and abdominopelvic enhanced computer tomography revealed irregular masses on the left side of the abdominal cavity. DIAGNOSIS: Sist. INTERVENTIONS: Nose (laparoscopic resection of intestinal stromal tumors with transrectal extract specimen and no abdominal auxiliary incision) surgery was performed. OUTCOMES: The patient underwent operation successfully and recuperates well with no complications. LESSONS: Nose surgery is minimally invasive, results in patient recuperation with no complications, and is considered to be feasible for SIST treatment.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal , Neoplasias Intestinais , Laparoscopia/métodos , Cirurgia Endoscópica por Orifício Natural/métodos , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/patologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/fisiopatologia , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/cirurgia , Humanos , Neoplasias Intestinais/patologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Intestinais/cirurgia , Intestinos/diagnóstico por imagem , Intestinos/patologia , Intestinos/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(30): e16010, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348226

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Nowadays laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered as criterion standard for surgical treatment of acute calculous cholecystitis. During the last few years, there has been growing interest about the robotic approach. Several authors have reported the superiority of robotic cholecystectomy, associated with a lower percentage of conversion especially in patients with intraoperative diagnosis of acute or gangrenous cholecystitis. We report 3 case reports of moderate acute cholecystitis successfully treated by robotic cholecystectomy. PATIENT CONCERNS: Three patients presented moderate acute calculous cholecystitis with leukocytosis, fever, nausea, vomiting, and pain. DIAGNOSIS: Three patients of our study population had clinical and laboratory suspicion of moderate acute calculous cholecystitis verified by abdominal ultrasound examination, which found out cholelitiasis in all 3 cases. Final diagnosis was confirmed by intraoperative findings and histopathological examination, with two empyematous cholecystitis and one perforated cholecystitis. INTERVENTIONS: All patients underwent robotic cholecystectomy with the da Vinci Robotic Surgical System. The entire procedure required a mean operation time of 128 minutes and the average blood loss was 60 mL, without any intraoperative complications. OUTCOMES: In all 3 cases postoperative period was uneventfull. All the patients were discharged within 24 hours and no readmissions were reported during a 30 days' follow-up. CONCLUSIONS: Robotic cholecystectomy for ACC is feasible and safe. Several studies have demonstrated that robotic approach reduces the risk of conversion to open surgery in case of acute or gangrenous cholecystitis. Our results are in line with current literature. In fact, we have successfully treated 2 patients with empyematous acute cholecystitis and 1 with gangrenous cholecystitis with a totally robotic approach, without any complications or need of conversion to open surgery. In conclusion, our results confirm that it is the time to include robotic surgery in the emergency setting.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia/métodos , Colecistite Aguda/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA