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1.
Arch Esp Urol ; 73(8): 675-681, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025912

RESUMO

Greenlight laser prostate vaporization is considered a valid alternative to transurethral prostate resection (TURP) for patient with LUTS due to BPH. The current review highlights the current evidence on greenlight technique and current state of-the-art. We will review clinically relevant concerns such as size limitation, economic issues and same-day surgery options. We will also describe technological improvements overtime and its relationship with current vaporization practices.CURRENT SITUATION: Based on clinical trial Goliath, Greenlight 180W vaporization showed non-inferiority to TURP and similar mid-term functional outcomes. A benefit towards length of hospital stay, similar complication rate (below 80% at 2 years). The current laser generators (higher potency) are able to provide an ablative effect on tissue that is associated to a shorter operative time. The major advantage of greenlight laser is the same day discharge, with a low readmission rates. Greenlightlaser is more cost-effective than TURP. CONCLUSIONS: Green light laser remains as an alternativevalid option despite the technological improvementsin the field.


Assuntos
Terapia a Laser , Hiperplasia Prostática , Ressecção Transuretral da Próstata , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Hiperplasia Prostática/cirurgia
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (9): 43-50, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33030001

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze surgical (including minimally invasive) treatment of advanced age patients with colon cancer and severe comorbidities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Advanced age patients with colon cancer (≥60 years) were compared with younger ones. Concomitant diseases were detected in 94,4% of older patients and in 45,9% of patients in the control group (χ2=51,747; p<0,001). RESULTS: Surgery time, intraoperative blood loss, length of hospital-stay, postoperative morbidity and mortality were similar. CONCLUSION: Severe comorbidities did not significantly affect surgical outcomes in these patients and did not increase postoperative morbidity and mortality.


Assuntos
Neoplasias do Colo , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Neoplasias do Colo/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22431, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the procedural and post-operative complications (POC) associated with laparoscopic versus open abdominal surgery for right-sided colonic cancer resection. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, http://www.ClinicalTrials.gov, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Central, and Google scholar for English studies comparing the POC in patients who underwent laparoscopic versus open surgery (OS) for right colonic cancer. Data were assessed by the Cochrane-based RevMan 5.4 software (The Cochrane Community, London, UK). Mean difference (MD) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were used to represent the results for continuous variables, whereas risk ratios (RR) with 95% CIs were used for dichotomous data. RESULTS: Twenty-six studies involving a total number of 3410 participants with right colonic carcinoma were included in this analysis. One thousand five hundred and fifteen participants were assigned to undergo invasive laparoscopic surgery whereas 1895 participants were assigned to the open abdominal surgery. Our results showed that the open resection was associated with a shorter length of surgery (MD: 48.63, 95% CI: 30.15-67.12; P = .00001) whereas laparoscopic intervention was associated with a shorter hospital stay [MD (-3.09), 95% CI [-5.82 to (-0.37)]; P = .03]. In addition, POC such as anastomotic leak (RR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.60-1.55; P = .88), abdominal abscess (RR: 1.13, 95% CI: 0.52-2.49; P = .75), pulmonary embolism (RR: 0.40, 95% CI: 0.09-1.69; P = .21) and deep vein thrombosis (RR: 0.94, 95% CI: 0.39-2.28; P = .89) were not significantly different. Paralytic ileus (RR: 0.87, 95% CI: 0.67-1.11; P = .26), intra-abdominal infection (RR: 0.82, 95% CI: 0.15-4.48; P = .82), pulmonary complications (RR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.57-1.20; P = .32), cardiac complications (RR: 0.73, 95% CI: 0.42-1.27; P = .27) and urological complications (RR: 0.83, 95% CI: 0.52-1.33; P = .44) were also similarly manifested. Our analysis also showed 30-day re-admission and re-operation, and mortality to be similar between laparoscopic versus OS for right colonic carcinoma resection. However, surgical wound infection (RR: 0.65, 95% CI: 0.50-0.86; P = .002) was significantly higher with the OS. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, laparoscopic surgery was almost comparable to OS in terms of post-operative outcomes for right-sided colonic cancer resection and was not associated with higher unwanted outcomes. Therefore, laparoscopic intervention should be considered as safe as the open abdominal surgery for right-sided colonic cancer resection, with a decreased hospital stay.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Idoso , Colectomia/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21731, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32872057

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was performed to incorporate newly published, high-quality randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to determine the effects of cemented versus uncemented hemiarthroplasty for elderly patients with displaced fracture of the femoral neck. METHODS: The following electronic databases were extensively searched from the inception of the database through December 2018: EMBASE, Medline, the Cochrane Library, and Web of Science. RCTs focusing on the outcomes of cemented and uncemented hemiarthroplasty were reviewed and screened for eligibility. We used the Cochrane Collaboration's Review Manager Software to perform meta-analyses. Two independent reviewers extracted the data and assessed the study quality and bias risk through the Cochrane Collaboration tool. Use fixed effect model or random effect model to pooled data. Cochran's Q statistic was used to evaluate heterogeneity, and I statistic was used to quantify heterogeneity. RESULTS: Fifteen RCTs were enrolled (n = 3790) (uncemented hemiarthroplasty group = 1015; cemented hemiarthroplasty group = 1037) (mean age ranged from 70-85.3 years; all patients > 65 years). The meta-analysis showed that cemented hemiarthroplasty has a longer operating time (weighted mean difference, 8.03; 95% confidence interval (CI) 4.83-11.23; P < .00001), less pain (odds ratio, 0.48; 95% CI 4.83-11.23; P = .02), lower mortality 1-year (odds ratio, 0.78; 95% CI 0.62-0.98; P = .03) and fewer implant-related complications (odds ratio, 0.20; 95% CI 0.13-0.30; P < .00001) than Uncemented hemiarthroplasty. However, there are still some limitations in our study, such as the uniformity of the surgery administration programme and rehabilitation scheme, and the small sample size of the included studies. CONCLUSIONS: Cemented hemiarthroplasty for elderly patients with displaced fracture of femoral neck may acquire better functional results.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos , Fraturas do Colo Femoral/cirurgia , Hemiartroplastia/mortalidade , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação
5.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 23-28, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869611

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify the criteria of smooth postoperative period after cholecystectomy and risk factors of local surgical infection. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective analysis included 680 patients after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. We assessed incidence and risk factors of infectious complications. Major markers of acute inflammation, ultrasonic features of surgical site in early postoperative period were analyzed. RESULTS: Postoperative infectious complications developed in 35 patients (5.1%). All studied risk factors except an age (obesity, cardiorespiratory diseases, surgery time over 150 min, violation of the principles of antibiotic therapy, intraoperative blood loss over 50 ml, drainage time over 5 days) significantly affected the development of infectious complications. Surgery time over 150 min and violation of the principles of antibiotic therapy were the most significant factors. Serum procalcitonin, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were characterized by the highest prognostic value on the 3rd postoperative day. Threshold values were defined. CONCLUSION: Surgery time and violation of the rules of antibiotic prophylaxis were the most significant risk factors of postoperative infectious complications. We determined the criteria of smooth postoperative period: procalcitonin <1.5 mg/l, C-reactive protein <50 mg/l, erythrocyte sedimentation rate <39 mm/h, ultrasonic pattern of hypoechoic accumulation within the bed of the bladder (dimension <10 mm) without signs of intestinal insufficiency, abdominal or subhepatic effusion on the 3rd day after surgery.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Doenças da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Antibioticoprofilaxia/normas , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Período Pós-Operatório , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e20955, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871974

RESUMO

We conducted a retrospective study to compare the clinical and radiological results of anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) and posterior laminoplasty for two-level localized ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL).ACDF and posterior laminoplasty are performed for localized OPLL at the disc and vertebral body levels, respectively.Eighty six patients with two-level localized OPLL who underwent surgery from January 2011 to December 2016 were retrospectively investigated (41, ACDF group; 45, laminoplasty group). Clinical outcomes were reviewed, and radiologic results such as occupying ratio (OR), space available in the spinal cord, cranial and caudal OPLL-to-disc distance (ODD)/posterior body height (PBH) ratios, segmental angle, C2-C7 Cobb angle, T1 slope, C2-C7 sagittal vertical axis (SVA), and range of motion were investigated.Patients were followed-up for an average of 42.7 ±â€Š10.5 months. Clinical outcomes, postoperative OR, and space available in the spinal cord were significantly improved at the final follow-up in both groups. Preoperatively, the OR and cranial and caudal ODD/PBH ratios were not significantly different between the groups. Compared to pre-operative values, differences in the segmental and C2-C7 Cobb angles at the final follow-up were statistically significant for the ACDF group (P < .05). The mean operative time, bleeding volume, and the duration of hospitalization were significantly lower in the ACDF group than in the laminoplasty group (P < .05). Complications occurred in 1 ACDF case and in 5 laminoplasty cases.Both ACDF and laminoplasty provided satisfactory clinical and radiologic outcomes for two-level localized OPLL. However, ACDF was associated with a lower operation time, bleeding loss, duration of hospitalization, and complications.


Assuntos
Discotomia , Laminoplastia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/cirurgia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/etiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Vértebras Cervicais/diagnóstico por imagem , Vértebras Cervicais/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laminoplastia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Ligamentos Longitudinais/diagnóstico por imagem , Ligamentos Longitudinais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/complicações , Ossificação do Ligamento Longitudinal Posterior/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Doenças da Medula Espinal/diagnóstico por imagem , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(10): 1419-1427, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32993341

RESUMO

AIMS: Despite the increase in the surgical repair of proximal hamstring tears, there exists a lack of consensus in the optimal timing for surgery. There is also disagreement on how partial tears managed surgically compare with complete tears repaired surgically. This study aims to compare the mid-term functional outcomes in, and operating time required for, complete and partial proximal hamstring avulsions, that are repaired both acutely and chronically. METHODS: This is a prospective series of 156 proximal hamstring surgical repairs, with a mean age of 48.9 years (21.5 to 78). Functional outcomes were assessed preinjury, preoperatively, and postoperatively (six months and minimum three years) using the Sydney Hamstring Origin Rupture Evaluation (SHORE) score. Operating time was recorded for every patient. RESULTS: Overall, significant improvements in SHORE scores were seen at both six months and mid-term follow-up. Preoperatively, acute patients (median score 27.1 (interquartile range (IQR) 22.9)) reported significantly poorer SHORE scores than chronic patients (median score 42.9 (IQR 22.1); p < 0.001). However, this difference was not maintained postoperatively. For partial tears, acutely repaired patients reported significantly lower preoperative SHORE scores compared to chronically reapired partial tears (median score 24.3 (IQR 15.7) vs median score 40.0 (IQR 25.0); p < 0.001) but also significantly higher SHORE scores at six-month follow-up compared to chronically repaired partial tears (median score 92.9 (IQR 10.7) vs. median score 82.9 (IQR 14.3); p < 0.001). For complete tears, there was only a difference in preoperative SHORE scores between acute and chronic groups. Overall, acute repairs had a significantly shorter operating time (mean 64.67 minutes (standard deviation (SD) 12.99)) compared to chronic repairs (mean 74.71 minutes (SD = 12.0); t = 5.12, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Surgical repair of proximal hamstring avulsions successfully improves patient reported functional outcomes in the majority of patients, irrespective of the timing of their surgery or injury classification. However, reducing the time from injury to surgery is associated with greater improvement in patient outcomes and an increased likelihood of returning to preinjury functional status. Acute repair appears to be a technically less complex procedure, as indicated by reduced operating times, postoperative neurological symptoms and number of patients requiring bracing. Acute repair is therefore a preference among many surgeons. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(10):1419-1427.


Assuntos
Músculos Isquiossurais/lesões , Músculos Isquiossurais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Escala de Gravidade do Ferimento , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos
8.
Asian Cardiovasc Thorac Ann ; 28(7): 390-397, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938206

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Emergency or urgent surgery is often required in patients with papillary muscle rupture and active mitral valve infective endocarditis. The aim of this study was to analyze the outcomes of patients with active endocarditis who underwent emergency or urgent mitral valve repair. METHODS: From 2005 to 2014, 154 ischemic mitral regurgitation patients and 41 infective endocarditis patients underwent mitral valve repair in our institution; 23 had emergency operations due to papillary muscle rupture, and 18 with active infective endocarditis underwent urgent surgery. RESULTS: Cardiopulmonary bypass time (141.4 ± 43.3 versus 145.3 ± 46.5 min) and crossclamp time (77.7 ± 34.1 versus 79.2 ± 33.0 min) were similar in the papillary muscle rupture and elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroups, and major postoperative complications were comparable. Hospital mortality was 17.4% in the papillary muscle rupture subgroup and 8.4% in the elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroup. Cardiopulmonary bypass time (103.6 ± 37.0 versus 75.5 ± 20.8 min) and crossclamp time (61.7 ± 21.2 versus 45.3 ± 18.0 min) were significantly longer in infective endocarditis patients. There were no major complications or hospital deaths. Eight years postoperatively, overall survival was 94.4% and 86.5% in the papillary muscle rupture and elective ischemic mitral regurgitation subgroups, respectively (p = 0.730). Overall survival was 100% in both infective endocarditis subgroups. CONCLUSION: The feasibility and effectiveness of emergency or urgent mitral valve repair in patients with papillary muscle rupture and active infective endocarditis are satisfactory. Early and mid-term outcomes are comparable to those of elective operations.


Assuntos
Endocardite/cirurgia , Ruptura Cardíaca/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Valva Mitral/cirurgia , Músculos Papilares/cirurgia , Idoso , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Emergências , Endocardite/diagnóstico por imagem , Endocardite/mortalidade , Endocardite/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Ruptura Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Ruptura Cardíaca/mortalidade , Ruptura Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Próteses Valvulares Cardíacas , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/efeitos adversos , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/instrumentação , Implante de Prótese de Valva Cardíaca/mortalidade , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/efeitos adversos , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/instrumentação , Anuloplastia da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/diagnóstico por imagem , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/mortalidade , Insuficiência da Valva Mitral/fisiopatologia , Duração da Cirurgia , Músculos Papilares/diagnóstico por imagem , Músculos Papilares/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21237, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957304

RESUMO

Arthroscopic techniques are considered the gold standard for treatment of displaced avulsion fractures of the anterior cruciate ligament. However, most arthroscopic surgical techniques and fixation methods are technically demanding and require removal of hard implant. This report describes a new, easy, safe, and all-arthroscopic method for reduction and fixation of displaced tibial intercondylar eminence fractures by using 1 anchor and 1 Pushlock.From January 2015 to June 2017, 8 adult patients with type II and III displaced tibial intercondylar eminence fractures were operated using this technique. Clinical assessment included patient demographics, cause of injury, delay before surgery, operation time, time to return to work and sport, International Knee Documentation Committee scores, and Lysholm knee scores.The average operation time was 48 minutes. The average follow-up period was 12.5 months. At the 6-month follow-up, all patients had acquired fracture union and complete functional recovery and were able to return to work. International Knee Documentation Committee objective scores and Lysholm knee scores were 92.4 (range 88-94) and 93.6 (range 90-96), respectively. At the last follow-up, anterior drawer, Lachman's test, and pivot shift tests were negative, and all patients had returned to their preinjury activity levels.Arthroscopic fixation by use of 1 anchor and 1 Pushlock is an easy, safe, and minimally invasive technique for treatment of displaced tibial intercondylar eminence fractures and does not require further surgery to remove fixation devices.Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic case series.


Assuntos
Ligamento Cruzado Anterior/cirurgia , Artroscopia/métodos , Tíbia/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Fixação Interna de Fraturas , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Retorno ao Trabalho , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Técnicas de Sutura , Tempo para o Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e21973, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957316

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study was to review relevant studies in order to determine the efficacy of decompression with fusion versus decompression in the treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis. METHODS: Using appropriate keywords, we identified relevant studies using PubMed, the Cochrane library, and Embase. Key pertinent sources in the literature were also reviewed, and all articles published through October 2019 were considered for inclusion. For each study, we used odds ratios, mean difference (MD), and 95% confidence interval (95% CI) to assess and synthesize outcomes. RESULTS: We found 13 studies that were consistent with this meta-analysis with a total of 29066 patients. Compared with decompression, decompression with fusion significantly increased the incidence of complications (RR: 1.41, 95%CI: 1.26-1.57), the length of hospital stay (WMD: 1.868, 95%CI: 1.394-2.343), operative time (WMD: 80.399, 95%CI: 44.397-116.401), estimated blood loss (WMD: 309.356, 95%CI: 98.008-520.704) and Zurich claudication questionnaire in symptom severity (WMD: 0.200, 95%CI: 0.006-0.394). The reoperation rate was lower in the decompression with fusion group than the decompression group but without significant difference (RR: 0.91, 95%CI: 0.82-1.00). There was no significant difference between 2 groups in visual analog scale (leg pain and back pain), ODI, Short Form 36 Health Survey physical component summary, Short Form 36 Health Survey mental component summary, and Zurich claudication questionnaire physical function. CONCLUSION: Decompression with fusion has no significant clinical advantages in treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis when compared with decompression.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Reoperação
11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5673-5678, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate whether minimally access spine surgery (MASS) is less morbid than open surgery (OS) in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 49 MSCC patients were included in the trial. The outcome measures were bleeding (L), operation time (min), re-operations and prolonged wound healing. RESULTS: The median age was 67 years (range=42-85 years) and 40% were men. The peri-operative blood loss in the MASS-group was significantly lower than that in the OS-group; 0.175L vs. 0.500L, (p=0.002). The median operation time for MASS was 142 min (range=72-203 min) vs. 103 (range=59-435 min) for OS (p=0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups concerning revision surgery or delayed wound healing. CONCLUSION: The MASS technique in MSCC patients is associated with less blood loss, but a longer operation time when compared to the OS technique.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Disrafismo Espinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/sangue , Compressão da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Disrafismo Espinal/sangue , Disrafismo Espinal/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/sangue , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22284, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plate fixation and intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation methods are commonly used to treat displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. However, the differences between these 2 methods are unclear. OBJECTIVE: This meta-analysis aimed to compare plate fixation and intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures. METHODS: We searched PubMed, EBM reviews, and Ovid Medline online for studies related to comparison of plate fixation versus intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation for displaced midshaft clavicle fracture from inception to June 30, 2019. Relevant literature search, data extraction, and quality assessment will be performed by 2 researchers independently. The methodological quality of all included studies was appraised using the Cochrane system for randomized trials. The RevMan 5.2 software was used for heterogeneity assessment, generating funnel-plots, data synthesis, sensitivity analysis, and determining publication bias. The fixed-effects or random-effects model was used to calculate mean difference (MD)/relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs). RESULTS: This meta-analysis included 839 patients from 12 randomized controlled trials. We found that compared to plate fixation, intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation yielded a higher shoulder constant score [MD = -2.43, 95% CI (-3.46 to -1.41), P < .00001] and lower disabilities of the arm, shoulder and hand (DASH) score [MD = 2.98, 95% CI (0.16-5.81), P = .04], and lower infection rates [RR = 2.05, 95% CI (1.36-3.09), P = .003], operation time [MD = 20.20, 95% CI (10.80-29.60), P < .0001], incision size [MD = 6.09, 95% CI (4.54-7.65), P < .00001], and hospital stay [MD = 1.10, 95% CI (0.56-1.64), P < .00001] but with a higher removal rate [RR = 0.52, 95% CI (0.41-0.65), P < .00001] compared to plate fixation. There were no significant differences in nonunion, reintervention, or revision and refracture between these two methods. The limitation is that many studies did not demonstrate the random generated details, and only English articles were enrolled in this meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Intramedullary nail/Knowles pin fixation might be an optimum choice for treating displaced midshaft clavicle fractures, with similar performance in terms of the nonunion, reintervention, or revision and refracture, and better shoulder constant and DASH scores, infection rates, and operative parameters.


Assuntos
Placas Ósseas/efeitos adversos , Clavícula/patologia , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Adulto , Pinos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/instrumentação , Fraturas Ósseas/classificação , Fraturas não Consolidadas/epidemiologia , Humanos , Infecções/epidemiologia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde/métodos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Ferida Cirúrgica/classificação , Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia
13.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(6): 907-910, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895197

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of digital positioning guide plate in extraction of impacted supernumerary teeth and evaluate its clinical efficacy. METHODS: From March to August, 2019, 30 patients with labial impacted supernumerary teeth treated in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Stomatological Hospital, Southern Medical University were enrolled in this study. Fifteen of the patients were treated with digital positioning guide plate to remove the impacted supernumerary teeth (test group). According to the CBCT data and the dentition model of the patients, the positioning guide plate was positioned by avoiding the important anatomical structure with the tooth-bone surface as the support to design the soft tissue incision line and bone tissue exposure range. The other 15 patients who were treated without the use of the guide plate for operation served as the control group. The design time, tooth searching time, operation time and complications were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: The positioning guide plate was well attached during the operation and allowed quick location of the supernumerary teeth while helping to expose the supernumerary teeth and avoid the damage of the adjacent important anatomical structures. The pre-operative design time was 50 ± 5 min in the test group and 0 min in the control group. The average time of tooth finding in the test group was 5±2 min, as compared with 10±3 min in the control group (t=15.40, P < 0.01); the average time of operation was significantly shorter in the test group than in the control group (25±4 min vs 45±6 min; t=35.50, P < 0.01). No intraoperative complications occurred in the test group, and slight deviation occurred in one case in the control group. CONCLUSIONS: The application of digital positioning guide plate in extraction of embedded supernumerary teeth can significantly shorten the time of tooth finding, reduce the difficulty of operation, and improve the quality of operation.


Assuntos
Dente Impactado , Dente Supranumerário , Placas Ósseas , Osso e Ossos , Humanos , Duração da Cirurgia , Extração Dentária
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21692, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899002

RESUMO

To explore the safety and effectiveness of ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy (UHLL) and ureteroscopic pneumatic lithotripsy (UPL) in the treatment of impacted ureteral calculi (IUC).Clinical data of 280 patients in our hospital from April 2016 to May 2019 were retrospectively collected and analyzed, including 136 cases of UHLL group and 144 cases of UPL group. The general clinical data, operation time, intraoperative bleeding volume, hospital stay, stone-free rate (SFR), and surgical complications were collected and analyzed in 2 group.Compared with UPL group, the operation time of UHLL group was significantly reduced (27.25 ±â€Š8.39 vs 34.32 ±â€Š10.57, P < .05), but the hospitalization cost was significantly increased (9.25 ±â€Š0.75 vs 8.24 ±â€Š0.51, P < .05). In terms of total SFR, the UHLL group was significantly higher than the UPL group (93.38% vs 83.33%, P = .011). For proximal IUC, compared with the UPL group, the SFR of the UHLL group was significantly increased (88.33% vs 70.31%, P = 0.005). For distal IUC, there was no significant difference in SFR (97.37% vs 93.75%, P = .638) between the UHLL group and UPL group. There were no significant differences in the complications of local mucosal injury, hematuria, febrile urinary tract infection, ureteral perforation, and urinary sepsis in the 2 groups (P > .05). However, the UHLL group was significantly lower in stone residual rate than the UPL group (6.61% vs 16.67%, P = .001).This study found that UHLL and UPL are safe and effective in the treatment of IUC, but UHLL has the advantages of shorter operation time and high SFR in the treatment of IUC.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido/uso terapêutico , Litotripsia/métodos , Cálculos Ureterais/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Litotripsia/efeitos adversos , Litotripsia/economia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22133, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899100

RESUMO

The importance of bedside assistants has been well established in various robotic procedures. However, the effect of assistants on the surgical outcomes of thyroid surgery remains unclear. We investigated the effects of a dedicated robot assistant (DRA) in robotic thyroidectomy. We also evaluated the learning curve of the DRA.Between January 2016 and December 2019, 191 patients underwent robotic total thyroidectomy, all of which were performed by a single surgeon. The DRA participated in 93 cases, while non-dedicated assistants (NRAs) helped with 98 cases. Demographic data, pathologic data, operative times, and postoperative complications were recorded and analyzed.Robotic thyroidectomy was successful in all 191 patients, and none required conversion to the conventional open procedure. Mean operative time was shorter in the DRA group than in the NRA group (183.2 ±â€Š33.6 minutes vs 203.1 ±â€Š37.9 minutes; P < .001). There were no significant differences in terms of sex distribution, age, preoperative serum thyroid stimulating hormone level, or pathologic characteristics between the groups. Cumulative summation analysis showed that it took 36 cases for the DRA to significantly reduce operative time. Mean operative time decreased significantly in the subgroup including the 37th to the 93rd DRA cases compared with the subgroup including only the first 36 DRA cases (199.7 ±â€Š37.3 minutes vs 172.8 ±â€Š26.4 minutes; P < .001). NRA group showed no definite decrease of operation time, which indicated that the NRAs did not significantly deviate from the mean performance.Increased experience of the bedside assistant reduced operative times in the robotic thyroidectomy. Assistant training should be considered as a component of robotic surgery training programs.


Assuntos
Internato e Residência/organização & administração , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/métodos , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Curva de Aprendizado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos
16.
Acta Cir Bras ; 35(8): e202000806, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32901683

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the impact of three-dimensional (3D) vision use on operative time (OT) in laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) with hand-sewn anastomoses. METHODS: We analyzed a prospectively collected database of patients who underwent LRYGB. We included all patients operated on with either 2D or 3D vision. Demographics and clinical characteristics, operative time, hospital stay and 30-day postoperative complications were collected for all patients and analyzed. RESULTS: During the study time, out of 143 patients who underwent LRYGB for morbid obesity, 111 were considered eligible. Seventy-eight patients were operated with 2D vision and 33 patients with 3D vision. Demographics and clinical characteristics were not different among groups. Mean OT was 203±51 and 167±32 minutes in the 2D and 3D groups respectively (p<0.001). Multivariate analyses showed that increasing age and BMI were independently related to prolonged OT, while 3D vision (OR 6.675, 95% CI 2.380-24.752, p<0.001) was strongly associated with shorter OT. CONCLUSIONS: The use of 3D vision in LRYGB significantly reduced the OT, though intra- and postoperative complication rates and the length of hospital stay were not affected. Despite its limitations, our study supports the value of 3D vision laparoscopy in bariatric surgery.


Assuntos
Derivação Gástrica , Laparoscopia , Obesidade Mórbida , Humanos , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Duração da Cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e21862, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925723

RESUMO

This study aimed to compare the early outcome of proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) and bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BPH) in elderly intertrochanteric fractures (ITFs) patients aged 85 years or more.This is a prospective cohort study, and we analyzed 120 elderly patients aged 85 years or more presented with ITFs who underwent BPH and PFNA between January 2017 and July 2018. 84 patients treated with PFNA were set as Group A, and 36 patients treated with BPH were set as Group B. Data such as gender, age, period of follow-up, fracture classification (according to Evans-Jensen classification), preoperative ASA (American Society of Anesthesiologists) physical status, interval between injury and operation, method of anaesthesia, duration of operation time, blood loss during surgery, time of weight bearing after operation, incidence of complications 2 weeks after operation, mortality rates and Harris Hip Score 12 months after operation were recorded and compared.There are no statistically significant differences when compared general data in patients from group A and B (P > .05). Operation time in Group A is less than Group B (103.33, 40-230 min vs 122.64, 75-180 minute, P < .01). Blood loss during surgery in Group A is less than Group B (70.24, 50-100 mL vs 194.44, 100-500 mL, P < .01). Time of weight bearing after operation in Group A is longer than Group B (50.70, 7-100 days vs 6.67, 4-14 days, P < .01). Incidence of complications 2 weeks after operation in Group A is less than Group B (14.12% vs 36.11%, P < .01). Mortality rates 12 months after operation in Group A is similar with Group B (13.10% vs 19.44%, P > .05). Harris Hip Score 12 months after operation in Group A is similar with Group B (64.64,0-91 points vs 64.41, 0-90 points, P > .05).Although BPH and PFNA have similar functional outcome and mortality rates 12 months after operation, BPH has more postoperative complications in elderly patients aged 85 years or more with ITFs, Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty should not be selected as the primary option for ITFs in elderly patients aged 85 years or more.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/mortalidade , Hemiartroplastia/mortalidade , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pinos Ortopédicos , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Avaliação Geriátrica , Hemiartroplastia/métodos , Fraturas do Quadril/mortalidade , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22069, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925743

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Long-segment spinal fusion surgery was associated with substantial perioperative blood loss which may increase hospitalization expenses and mortality rates. Substantial studies have reported that tranexamic acid (TXA) could reduce blood products and cost after joint arthroplasty surgery. However, there still exists controversy regarding the efficacy of TXA in long-segment spinal fusion surgery. We performed this protocol to design a randomized controlled study to evaluate the efficacy of TXA in decreasing transfusion rate of allogeneic blood products and transfusion cost in degenerative lumbar scoliosis patients. METHODS: This study was carried out as a double-blinded, randomized clinical trial on patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis who prepared for long-segment spinal fusion surgery from December 2018 to December 2019. It was authorized via the Institutional Review Committee in Southwest Medical University (ky2019225). Eighty patients were divided randomly into 2 groups (Experimental group = 40, control group = 40). The patients in the experimental group received 1000 mg of TXA mixed in 100 mL normal saline as a single dose intravenously over 20 minutes before the skin incision was made. Control group received equivalent normal saline without TXA. Primary outcomes included total blood loss, estimated intraoperative blood loss, hematocrit and hemoglobin decline, postoperative drain amount, intra-/postoperative allogeneic transfusion amount and rate, and total transfusion cost. Secondary outcomes included surgical time, thrombotic complications including deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. All the needed analyses were implemented through utilizing SPSS for Windows Version 20.0. RESULTS: Table showed the relevant clinical outcomes between experimental group and control group. CONCLUSION: We hypothesized that TXA was effective and safe in reducing blood transfusion and cost in long-segment spinal fusion surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5854).


Assuntos
Antifibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Transfusão de Sangue , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Ácido Tranexâmico/uso terapêutico , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Embolia Pulmonar , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Trombose Venosa
19.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22204, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925797

RESUMO

Many surgical procedures have been developed for the treatment of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. But there is a significant controversy over the ideal management. The aim of this study was to illustrate the technique of modified grade 4 osteotomy for the treatment of post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis and to evaluate clinical and radiographic results of patients treated with this technique.From May 2013 to May 2018, 42 consecutive patients experiencing post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis underwent the technique of modified grade 4 osteotomy, and their medical records were retrospectively collected. Preoperative and postoperative sagittal Cobb angle, visual analog scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI), and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) were recorded. The average follow-up period was 29.7 ±â€Š14.2 months.The operation time was 185.5 ±â€Š26.8 minutes, the intraoperative blood loss was 545.2 ±â€Š150.1 mL. The Cobb angles decreased from 38.5 ±â€Š3.8 degree preoperatively to 4.2 ±â€Š2.6 degree 2 weeks after surgery (P < .001). The VAS reduced from 6.5 ±â€Š1.1 preoperatively to 1.5 ±â€Š0.9 at final follow-up (P < .001), and the ODI reduced from 59.5 ±â€Š15.7 preoperatively to 15.9 ±â€Š5.8 at final follow-up (P < .001). Kyphotic deformity was successfully corrected and bony fusion was achieved in all patients. Neurologic function of 7 cases was improved to various degrees.Modified grade 4 osteotomy, upper disc, and upper one-third to half of pedicle are resected, is an effective treatment option for post-traumatic thoracolumbar kyphosis. However, the long-term clinical effect still needs further studies.


Assuntos
Cifose/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Vértebras Torácicas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escala Visual Analógica
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