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1.
Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190257, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432893

RESUMO

We present a decentralised solution for managing scientific communication, based on distributed ledger technologies, also called blockchains. The proposed system aims to solve incentive problems displayed by traditional systems in scientific communication and publication. A minimal working model is presented, defining roles, processes, and expected results from the novel system. The proposed solution is viable, given the current status of blockchain technology, and should lead to a rethinking of current practices and their consequences for scientific communication.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Comunicação , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/tendências , Editoração/tendências , Humanos
2.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 264: 1248-1252, 2019 Aug 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438125

RESUMO

Open Access provides researchers another opportunity of publishing, besides the traditional publication in subscription-based journals. Providing higher dissemination and therefore visibility as well as better accessibility, among others, Open Access helps to fulfil changed needs of authors and readers in our information and communication society of today. Though this publication model provides a lot of advantages both for readers and authors, there are also some obstacles. In order to identify the incentives that can lead scientists of medical informatics to an Open-Access-publication, we conducted a study consisting of group discussions, interviews, and surveys. This tripartite evaluation starts in its first part with group discussions and interviews. First results of them show that, among others, the higher visibility, indexing, Impact Factor and better accessibility are factors for an Open-Access-publication.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Informática Médica , Tomada de Decisões , Motivação , Editoração
3.
Implement Sci ; 14(1): 77, 2019 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31387596

RESUMO

In the 13 years since the inception of Implementation Science, we have witnessed a continued rise in the number of submissions, reflecting the growing global interest in methods to enhance the uptake of research findings into healthcare practice and policy. We now receive over 800 submissions annually, and there is a large gap between what is submitted and what gets published. To better serve the needs of the research community, we announce our plans to introduce a new journal, Implementation Science Communications, which we believe will support publication of types of research reports currently not often published in Implementation Science. In this editorial, we state both journals' scope and current boundaries and set out our expectations for the scientific reporting, quality, and transparency of the manuscripts we receive.


Assuntos
Ciência da Implementação , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Políticas Editoriais , Humanos , Objetivos Organizacionais , Editoração
4.
Am Surg ; 85(7): 677, 2019 Jul 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31405406
8.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 40(7): 832-838, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357807

RESUMO

Comprehensive interventions have been widely used in health system, public health, education and communities and have become increasingly focus of systematic reviews. There have been many reporting guidelines about systematic reviews, but they do not take the features of comprehensive interventions in medical area into consideration. As a result, PRISMA-CI has been developed as an extension of PRISMA, which adds or modifies the essential items of PRISMA. This paper introduces the items of PRISMA-CI and explains the items with an example to help authors, publishers, and readers understand PRISMA-CI and use it in systematic reviews on comprehensive interventions. As it become more and more popular with comprehensive interventions, PRISMA-CI will provide important structure and guidance for its systematic review and Meta-analysis.


Assuntos
Lista de Checagem , Editoração/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisão Sistemática como Assunto , Humanos
9.
Stud Health Technol Inform ; 262: 63-66, 2019 Jul 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31349266

RESUMO

Clinical Research is a complicated process within a research institution or a tertiary care hospital, almost all research project proposal needs to get an institutional review board (IRB) approval before any research activity takes place. IRB approval involves various processes, in form of sub-committees through which the proposal is reviewed. It is of utmost importance to understand the complete functioning of an IRB, in order to automate the various processes using a management system. The Research office entity forms the central body managing the IRB functions. It provides all sorts of administrative support as far as guidelines, documentation, communication and co-ordination is concerned; hence the research office forms the administrative wing of the IRB. Further the IRB has several sub-committees such as the Ethics Committee, Basic Research committee and the Animal Care and Use Committee. Each committee has a chairperson and several members from different specialty to cover all the aspects of research. Each committee may have its own process/workflow of approval, but usually the process of each committee is somewhat similar to each other. Apart from these workflows process the things that needs to be digitized would include researcher's profile, pre-award and post-award management, publication management, graduate student management and research analytics for the organization.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica , Comitês de Ética em Pesquisa , Medicina , Humanos , Editoração , Projetos de Pesquisa , Pesquisadores
10.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 66: 167-183, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326692

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the history of malpractice literature using forensic science based on a bibliometric and graph theory. METHODS: Documented data were retrieved from the Web of Science Core Collection of Clarivate Analytics on February 22, 2019. We selected articles for the years 1975-2018 from among documents concerning malpractice in the "Medicine, Legal" section and the Science Citation Index Expanded and the Social Sciences Citation Index. Descriptive statistics and co-occurrence analyses were performed using Microsoft Excel 2016, Gephi 0.9.2, and VOSviewer 1.6.10 software. RESULTS: In all, 379 papers and 3160 citing articles were retrieved. The most active publication year was 2013. Relative growth rate showed no malpractice explosion during the study period. Full articles comprised 83.11% of all papers. There were marked differences between the number of publications during the first 21 years and the last 23 years. More studies were published in the United States than in other countries and regions, but malpractice research has diminished during the most recent 3 years. Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics contributed the most to the field, with 51 documents. The journal with the highest impact factor, however, was Forensic Science International: Genetics. B. Madea topped the list of authors with the highest number of documents. Three clusters were identified, led by authors C. Terranova, B. Madea, and T.A. Brennan, respectively. The malpractice topics that received the most attention were malpractice claims, the types of malpractice, and the causes of medical malpractice. Our study of the citing papers also provided interesting results. CONCLUSION: This bibliometric analysis indicated that studying the field of medical malpractice was poor during 1975-2018. United States was the most prolific country, and B. Madea published more documents in the field. The studies in Medicine, Legal mostly focused on the claims, appraisement methods, and causes of medical malpractice. In the future, forensic scientists should pay more attention to medical malpractice.


Assuntos
Bibliometria , Ciências Forenses , Imperícia , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
11.
Nature ; 571(7766): 447, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31337921
12.
Zool Res ; 40(4): 239-240, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310062

RESUMO

On 20 June 2019, Clarivate Analytics (2019) announced its Journal Citation Reports of 2018. From this, Zoological Research (ZR) received its first impact factor based on citations in 2018 for indexed papers published during 2016 to 2017. Although the new impact factor (1.556) is modest, it ranks ZR at 52 among the 170 SCI journals (quartile 2) in the Zoology category. This excellent result is not only a reflection of your enduring support, but also in recognition of our efforts to boost ZR from a Chinese-language only journal in 1980 to an English-language only journal of international standing by 2014.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Zoologia , Animais , Revisão por Pares , Editoração
13.
Pan Afr Med J ; 32: 164, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303933

RESUMO

Introduction: Research is essential in all areas of health development. However, medical students and residents frequently lack the time and training on performing research. This is especially prevalent in resource-limited settings. We aimed to compare the word counts of undergraduate and postgraduate dissertations with published projects in Rwanda, and to identify the proportion of postgraduate pediatric research projects that have been published since 2012. Methods: Retrospective, cross-sectional study of undergraduate and postgraduate research dissertations at the University of Rwanda. Dissertations were then compared to randomly selected published papers of Rwandan research. Each IMRaD (Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion) section word count was compared using Student's t-test. Results: 19/190 (10%) undergraduate dissertations and 22/41 (54%) postgraduate dissertations, were available in electronic format for word-count analysis. The mean total word count for postgraduate dissertations (5163 words) was significantly longer (p<0.001) than the randomly selected peer-reviewed journal articles (2959 words). Each section of the IMRaD structure of postgraduate dissertations was significantly longer than those of the control group. Undergraduates used a similar number of words to published papers, but used significantly more tables and figures. Of the 41 postgraduate dissertations, only four (10%), were published in peer-reviewed journals. Conclusion: This is the first study to assess the writing style of Rwandan medical students and pediatric postgraduate residents. A simple step to increase dissemination of research findings would be for institutions to modify academic regulations so that students write-up in manuscript form rather than dissertation format.


Assuntos
Dissertações Acadêmicas como Assunto , Editoração/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Internato e Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ruanda
14.
Nature ; 571(7764): 147, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31278394

Assuntos
Editoração
15.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(5): 338-347, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31163966

RESUMO

This study examined compliance with the criteria of transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing defined by COPE, DOAJ, OASPA and WAME in Biomedical Open Access journals indexed in Journal Citation Reports (JCR). 259 Open Access journals were drawn from the JCR database and on the basis of their websites their compliance with 14 criteria for transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing was verified. Journals received penalty points for each unfulfilled criterion when they failed to comply with the criteria defined by COPE, DOAJ, OASPA and WAME. The average number of obtained penalty points was 6, where 149 (57.5%) journals received 6 points and 110 (42.5%) journals 7 points. Only 4 journals met all criteria and did not receive any penalty points. Most of the journals did not comply with the criteria declaration of Creative Commons license (164 journals), affiliation of editorial board members (116), unambiguity of article processing charges (115), anti-plagiarism policy (113) and the number of editorial board members from developing countries (99). The research shows that JCR cannot be used as a whitelist of journals that comply with the criteria of transparency and best practice in scholarly publishing.


Assuntos
Acesso à Informação , Publicação de Acesso Aberto , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Honorários e Preços , Humanos , Editoração
16.
Genome Biol ; 20(1): 125, 2019 06 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31221194

RESUMO

In computational biology and other sciences, researchers are frequently faced with a choice between several computational methods for performing data analyses. Benchmarking studies aim to rigorously compare the performance of different methods using well-characterized benchmark datasets, to determine the strengths of each method or to provide recommendations regarding suitable choices of methods for an analysis. However, benchmarking studies must be carefully designed and implemented to provide accurate, unbiased, and informative results. Here, we summarize key practical guidelines and recommendations for performing high-quality benchmarking analyses, based on our experiences in computational biology.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/normas , Guias como Assunto , Benchmarking , Conjuntos de Dados como Assunto , Editoração , Projetos de Pesquisa , Software
17.
EuroIntervention ; 15(2): 140-146, 2019 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217154

Assuntos
Editoração
18.
Int J Syst Evol Microbiol ; 69(8): 2616-2620, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215862

RESUMO

The International Code of Nomenclature of Prokaryotes specifically forbids the use of strains deposited solely for patent purposes from serving as nomenclatural types. Despite this ruling there are a number of names at the rank of species where strains deposited solely for patent purposes have been designated as the nomenclatural type. In some cases there is only a single deposit where the strain is deposited solely for patent purposes or there are two or more deposits in culture collections, one (or more) of which is a strain deposited solely for patent purposes. In such instances the requirements of Rule 30 may not be fulfilled and the valid publication of the corresponding names called into question because nomenclatural types have not been deposited in at least two publicly accessible culture collections in different countries.


Assuntos
Patentes como Assunto , Terminologia como Assunto , Filogenia , Editoração
19.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 35(5): 398-399, 2019 May 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154742

RESUMO

The Working Conference of Editor-in-Chief, sponsored by the Editorial Committee of Chinese Journal of Burns, was successfully held in Guiyang, Guizhou Province, from April 10th to 12th 2019. Consultant for life, honorary editor-in-chief, editor-in-chief, deputy editor-in-chief, and members of the standing committee gave effective proposal involving construction and development of journal, planning scheme for 20th anniversary celebration of journal, and future work plan.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Congressos como Assunto , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Editoração/história , Aniversários e Eventos Especiais , China , Políticas Editoriais , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
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